CN106205490B - Organic light emitting display - Google Patents

Organic light emitting display Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106205490B
CN106205490B CN201610365812.5A CN201610365812A CN106205490B CN 106205490 B CN106205490 B CN 106205490B CN 201610365812 A CN201610365812 A CN 201610365812A CN 106205490 B CN106205490 B CN 106205490B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transistor
node
driving
light emitting
organic light
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610365812.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106205490A (en
Inventor
金大规
金重铁
姜熙光
权峻瑩
Original Assignee
乐金显示有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR20150075339 priority Critical
Priority to KR10-2015-0075339 priority
Priority to KR10-2015-0169474 priority
Priority to KR20150169474 priority
Priority to KR10-2016-0053639 priority
Priority to KR1020160053639A priority patent/KR101676223B1/en
Application filed by 乐金显示有限公司 filed Critical 乐金显示有限公司
Publication of CN106205490A publication Critical patent/CN106205490A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106205490B publication Critical patent/CN106205490B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
    • G09G3/3241Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element the current through the light-emitting element being set using a data current provided by the data driver, e.g. by using a two-transistor current mirror
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    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
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    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
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    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3266Details of drivers for scan electrodes
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    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3275Details of drivers for data electrodes
    • G09G3/3291Details of drivers for data electrodes in which the data driver supplies a variable data voltage for setting the current through, or the voltage across, the light-emitting elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/28Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including components using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part
    • H01L27/32Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including components using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part with components specially adapted for light emission, e.g. flat-panel displays using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • H01L27/3241Matrix-type displays
    • H01L27/3244Active matrix displays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/28Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including components using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part
    • H01L27/32Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including components using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part with components specially adapted for light emission, e.g. flat-panel displays using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
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Abstract

A kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: arrange that (n-1) a pixel and nth pixel in a row, each pixel include: transistor array, the transistor array has driving transistor, sampling transistor and the first initialization transistor;And capacitor, the capacitor is connected between initialization voltage input terminal and the sampling transistor, wherein the gate electrode of the first initialization transistor for initializing the driving transistor of nth pixel is connected to the scan line in (n-1) pixel, and wherein n is natural number.

Description

Organic light emitting display

Technical field

This disclosure relates to a kind of active matrix/organic light emitting displays.

Background technique

Active matrix/organic light emitting display includes self luminous Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED, and has quick response The advantages of time, high-luminous-efficiency, high brightness and wide viewing angle.

Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED as selfluminous device has structure shown in Fig. 1.Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED includes the organic compound layer of anode and cathode and formation between the anode and the cathode.Organic compound layer includes sky Cave transport layer HTL, luminescent layer EML and electron transfer layer ETL.When applying operation voltage to anode and cathode, passed via hole The hole (being indicated in figure by "+") of defeated layer HTL transmission and the electronics (being indicated in figure by "-") transmitted via electron transfer layer ETL It is moved to luminescent layer EML and forms exciton.As a result, luminescent layer EML generates visible light.

Although having high contrast and color reproduction rate, due to coming from organic light-emitting diodes during the operation of compensation circuit The undesirable of pipe shines, and organic light emitting display may have leakage current, and the efficiency of Organic Light Emitting Diode is caused to reduce.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, prevent electric current other than light-emitting period when Between flow to Organic Light Emitting Diode and ensure drive transistor threshold voltage compensation precision.

It is a further object to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, by reduce for connect capacitor and The quantity of the contact hole of multiple transistors, it is ensured that the design margin in pixel region.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, by ensuring sufficient sampling periods energy The precision of enough threshold voltage compensations for improving driving transistor

It is also another object of the present invention to provide a kind of organic light emitting displays, prevent dislocation charge to driving transistor Semiconductor layer influence.

The purpose of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned purpose, and by subsequent description, other purposes are for fields technology It will be apparent for personnel.

In an of the invention exemplary embodiment, a kind of organic light emitting display includes: display panel, the display panel With multiple pixels;Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive scan line and isolychn on the display panel; And data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel, are arranged in each in line n A pixel includes: Organic Light Emitting Diode, and the Organic Light Emitting Diode has the anode for being connected to node C and is connected to low electricity The cathode of flat driving voltage input terminal;Drive transistor, it is described driving transistor have be connected to node A gate electrode, It is connected to the source electrode of node D and is connected to the drain electrode of node B, and the driving transistor controls are applied to The driving current of the Organic Light Emitting Diode;The first transistor, the first transistor are connected to data line and the node D Between;Second transistor, the second transistor are connected between the node D and high level driving voltage input terminal;The Three transistors, the third transistor are connected to the node A and the node B;4th transistor, the 4th transistor connect It is connected to the node B and the node C;5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected to the node A and initialization voltage Between input terminal;And capacitor, the capacitor be connected to the node A and the initialization voltage input terminal it Between, wherein n is natural number.

In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a kind of organic light emitting display includes: display panel, the display surface Plate has multiple pixels;Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive scan line on the display panel and shine Line;And data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel, are arranged in line n Each pixel includes: Organic Light Emitting Diode, and the Organic Light Emitting Diode has the anode for being connected to node C and is connected to The cathode of low level driving voltage input terminal;Transistor is driven, the driving transistor has the grid electricity for being connected to node A Pole, the source electrode for being connected to high level driving voltage input terminal and the drain electrode for being connected to node B, and it is described Driving transistor controls are applied to the driving current of the Organic Light Emitting Diode;The first transistor, the first transistor connect It connects between data line and node D;Second transistor, the second transistor are connected to the node A and the node B;The Three transistors, the third transistor are connected between the node D and initialization voltage input terminal;4th transistor, institute It states the 4th transistor and is connected to the node B and the node C;5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected to the section Between point A and the initialization voltage input terminal;6th transistor, the 6th transistor are connected to the initialization voltage Between input terminal and the node C;And capacitor, the capacitor are connected to the node A and the node D, wherein n For natural number.

In exemplary embodiment of the invention another, a kind of organic light emitting display includes: the (n- of arrangement in a row 1) a pixel and nth pixel, each pixel include: transistor array, and the transistor array has driving transistor, sampling Transistor and the first initialization transistor;And capacitor, the capacitor are connected to initialization voltage input terminal and adopt with described Between sample transistor, wherein for the grid of the first initialization transistor of the driving transistor initialization of nth pixel is electric Pole is connected to the scan line in (n-1) pixel, and wherein n is natural number.

In the another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: arrange the in a row (n-1) a pixel and nth pixel, wherein each pixel includes Organic Light Emitting Diode, initialization transistor, sampling transistor And lighting transistor, wherein the initialization transistor being located in nth pixel is connected to (n-1) article of (n-1) a pixel Scan line;The sampling transistor being wherein located in nth pixel is connected to nth scan line;Wherein it is located in nth pixel Lighting transistor be connected to nth isolychn, wherein including initial for driving a frame of the Organic Light Emitting Diode Change period, sampling periods and light-emitting period, and in the initialization period, (n-1) a scanning letter is applied with ON level Number, and n-th of scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, in the sampling periods, with the application of ON level N-th of scanning signal, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, and shine described In period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of scanning are applied with OFF level Signal, wherein n is natural number.

Detailed description of the invention

It is further understood to present invention offer and the attached drawing for being incorporated herein composition the application a part illustrates this hair Bright embodiment, and be used to explain the principle of the present invention together with specification.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the diagram for showing the principle of luminosity of Organic Light Emitting Diode and Organic Light Emitting Diode;

Fig. 2 is the diagram for showing the organic light emitting display of an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the equivalent circuit diagram of the dot structure of an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the data-signal for showing the pixel for being applied to Fig. 3 and the waveform diagram of grid signal;

Fig. 5 A, 5B and 5C are the equivalent circuits of pixel corresponding with the initialization period of Fig. 4, sampling periods and light-emitting period Figure;

Fig. 6 is shown in the voltage of node A, B and C of pixel during initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period Diagram;

Fig. 7 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the variation example of dot structure of Fig. 3;

Fig. 8 is the data-signal for showing the pixel for being applied to Fig. 7 and the waveform diagram of grid signal;

Fig. 9 A, 9B and 9C are the equivalent circuits of pixel corresponding with the initialization period of Fig. 7, sampling periods and light-emitting period Figure;

Figure 10 is shown in the voltage of node A, B and C of pixel during initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period Diagram;

Figure 11 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the variation example of dot structure of Fig. 7;

Figure 12 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the variation example of dot structure of Fig. 3;

Figure 13 is the data-signal for showing the pixel for being applied to Figure 12 and the waveform diagram of grid signal;

Figure 14 A, 14B and 14C are the equivalent of pixel corresponding with the initialization period of Figure 12, sampling periods and light-emitting period Circuit diagram;

Figure 15 is the data-signal for showing the pixel for being applied to Figure 12 and the waveform diagram of grid signal;

Figure 16 to 18 is shown in the shift register and emission driver that scanner driver is realized in gate driving circuit Phase inverter each exemplary diagram;

Figure 19 is the battle array for showing the region for forming capacitor within the pixel of an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention The diagram of column;

Figure 20 is the sectional view taken along the line I-I ' of Figure 19;And

Figure 21 is the diagram for showing the array in the region for being used to form capacitor according to comparative example.

Specific embodiment

By then can each side of the invention easier to understand to the detailed description of exemplary embodiment and attached drawing Face and feature and its implementation.However, the present invention can be implemented in different forms, should not be construed as limited by listed here Exemplary embodiment.And being to provide these exemplary embodiments and is sent out this to keep present disclosure full and complete Bright range fully passes to one of ordinary skill in the art, and the present invention is only limited by the claims that follow.

Shape, size, ratio, angle, the quantity etc. shown in figure to describe exemplary embodiment of the invention Those of only example, however it is not limited to shown in figure.Similar reference marker indicates similar member throughout the specification Part.When describing the present invention, the detailed description to relevant well-known technique will be omitted, to avoid unnecessarily obscuring the present invention It is unclear.Whens using term " includes ", " having ", "comprising" etc., as long as not using term " only ", so that it may add other component.

Even if not clearly stating, element be may be interpreted as comprising error range.

When using term " ... on ", " in ... top ", " in ... lower section ", " ... after " etc. description two When positional relationship between component, as long as no using term " just " or " direct ", so that it may be arranged between these two parts One or more components.

When using term " ... after ", " subsequent ", " following ", " ... before " and etc. describe two events it Between time relationship when, as long as no term " just " or " direct " is used, the two events non-can successively occur.

It will be appreciated that these elements should not be by these although term first, second etc. can be used to describe various elements Term limitation.These terms are intended merely to be distinguished from each other an element and another element.Thus, without departing substantially from skill of the invention In the case where art spirit, first element described below may be referred to as second element.

The feature of each exemplary embodiment of the present invention can be combined partially or entirely each other, and can be in various ways in skill It interacts in art or works together.These exemplary embodiments can be implemented independently of one another or in combination.

Hereinafter, it will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings exemplary embodiment of the invention.Identical ginseng throughout the specification It examines number and substantially refers to identical element.In the following description, when thinking to known function related to the present invention or structure When the detailed description made keeps subject of the present invention smudgy with may not be necessary, its detailed description will be omitted.

Although it is P-type transistor that exemplary embodiment, which describes and forms all transistors of each pixel, of the invention Technical concept is without being limited thereto, and transistor can be the combination of N-type transistor or P-type transistor and N-type transistor.

Dot structure for aforementioned organic light emitting display may include driving transistor, capacitor and multiple crystal Pipe.Initialization step, sampling step and light emitting step is needed to drive Organic Light Emitting Diode.

It can be by applying initialization voltage to the gate terminal of driving transistor and the anode terminal of Organic Light Emitting Diode It is initialized.The gate terminal of driving transistor is initialized to initialization voltage Vini.Based on this, unwanted electric current can Organic Light Emitting Diode can be flowed to, the efficiency of Organic Light Emitting Diode is thus reduced.In addition, excessive electric current may flow to moment The input terminal of initialization voltage (Vini), due to initialization voltage Vini moment reduce, cause show mass defect and Damage to circuit unit.

So that constant current is flowed to Organic Light Emitting Diode from driving transistor ensures reliability.However, driving crystal The characteristic of the semiconductor layer of pipe changes with the time.That is the threshold voltage of transistor is driven to become negative voltage or positive electricity Pressure.Therefore, in order to compensate for driving thin film transistor (TFT) threshold voltage and make Organic Light Emitting Diode with object brightness emit light, It needs to arrange capacitor and multiple transistors in pixel.In order to compensate for driving transistor semiconductor layer characteristic variations, More transistors are arranged in limited pixel region and their arrangement becomes complicated, thus become difficult to simplify dot structure And the pixel layout in given pixel region.

In addition, needing more pixels to realize high resolution display to be used to shine.Due to this, 1 water The length of mean period (H) shortens, thus sampling periods also shorten.The sampling periods of shortening may be decreased the threshold value of driving transistor The precision of voltage compensation.

Therefore, it is an aspect of the invention to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, prevent electric current light-emitting period with The outer time flows to Organic Light Emitting Diode and ensures to drive the precision of the threshold voltage compensation of transistor.

Another aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, by reduce for connect capacitor and The quantity of the contact hole of multiple transistors, it is ensured that the design margin in pixel region.

An additional aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, by ensuring sufficient sampling periods energy The precision of enough threshold voltage compensations for improving driving transistor

Another aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of organic light emitting display, prevents dislocation charge to driving transistor Semiconductor layer influence.

Aspect of the invention is not limited to above-mentioned aspect, and by subsequent description, other aspects are for fields technology It will be apparent for personnel.

It hereinafter, will be referring to Fig. 2 to 21 detailed description of the present invention exemplary embodiments.

Fig. 2 is the diagram for showing the organic light emitting display of an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention.

Referring to Fig. 2, the organic light emitting display of an exemplary embodiment includes having the display of pixel PXL according to the present invention Panel 10, for the data drive circuit 12 of driving data line 14, the gate driving circuit 13 for driving grid line 15 and For controlling the sequence controller 11 in the operation timing of data drive circuit 12 and gate driving circuit 13.

Multiple data lines 14 and a plurality of grid line 15 are intersected with each other on display panel 10, and pixel PXL is in rectangular It is arranged at cross section.The pixel PXL being arranged on same level row forms a pixel column.It is arranged on a pixel column Pixel PXL be connected to a grid line 15, this grid line 15 may include at least one scan line and at least one isolychn. That is each pixel PXL can be connected to a data line 14, at least one scan line and at least one isolychn.Pixel PXL can jointly receive high level driving voltage ELVDD, low level driving electricity from electrical power generator (power generator) Press ELVSS and initialization voltage Vini.Initialization voltage Vini can be enough from the operation voltage than Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED Low voltage range is chosen, and to prevent during initialization period and sampling periods, Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED's is unnecessary It shines.That is initialization voltage Vini may be configured as being equal to or less than low level driving voltage ELVSS.Therefore, by first Apply the initialization voltage Vini for being lower than low level driving voltage ELVSS during the beginningization period, is able to suppress from organic light emission The unnecessary of diode OLED shines, and realizes that the service life of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED improves.

The transistor for constituting each pixel PXL can be realized by the oxide transistor with oxide semiconductor layer.When comprehensive Whens closing consideration electron mobility, process deviation etc., oxide transistor is advantageous the display panel 10 with large area. Oxide semiconductor layer can be by ITO (tin indium oxide), IZO (indium zinc oxide), IGZO (indium gallium zinc) or ITZO (tin indium oxide Zinc) it is formed, but it is not limited to this.The present invention is not limited to oxide transistor, the semiconductor layer of transistor can be by amorphous silicon (a- Si), the formation such as polysilicon (poly-Si), organic semiconductor.Each individually pixel PXL includes for compensating driving transistor Threshold voltage variation multiple transistors and capacitor.Dot structure disclosed herein can compensate for the threshold of driving transistor The variation of threshold voltage simultaneously ensures sampling periods for compensating threshold voltage.It will be described in detail later referring to Fig. 3 to 21.

In each pixel PXL, (its source electrode or drain electrode are connected to an electricity of capacitor for each transistor Pole) it may include the transistor of at least two series connections, to inhibit the influence of leakage current as much as possible.At least two series connection connect The transistor connect is by same control signal conduction.For example, third transistor T3 be designed to include as shown in Figure 3 T3A and The double gate transistor of T3B, T3A and T3B are by same control signal conduction and are connected in series.Similarly, the 5th transistor T5 Be designed to include T5A and T5B double gate transistor, T5A and T5B by same control signal conduction and are connected in series. As underneath with, term " double gate transistor " refers to the gate electrode of two transistors series connections and two transistors The structure to link together.

As shown in Figure 7, other than third transistor T3 and the 5th transistor T5, the 6th transistor T6 can also be designed It is the double gate transistor for including T6A and T6B.In addition, as shown in Figure 11, in addition to third transistor T3 and the 5th transistor T5 Except, second transistor T2 be also designed to include T2A and T2B double gate transistor.In addition, as shown in Figure 12, the Two-transistor T2 be designed to include T2A and T2B double gate transistor.

That is it is connected to the transistor that at least one of transistor of capacitor may include two series connections, from And prevent the deviation of the luminous intensity as caused by leakage current.

Referring again to Fig. 2, it is aobvious to match that sequence controller 11 rearranges the digital video data RGB inputted from external source Show the resolution ratio of panel 10, and is provided to data drive circuit 12.In addition, sequence controller 11 is based on such as vertical same The clock signal of signal Vsync, horizontal synchronizing signal Hsync, dot clock signal DCLK and data enable signal DE etc are walked, is produced Life is for controlling the data controlling signal DDC in the operation timing of data drive circuit 12 and for control gate drive circuit 13 Operation timing grid control signal GDC.

The digital video data that data drive circuit 12 will be inputted based on data controlling signal DDC from sequence controller 11 RGB is converted to analog data voltage.

Gate driving circuit 13 is based on grid control signal GDC and generates scanning signal and luminous signal.Gate driving circuit 13 may include scanner driver and emission driver.In order to be drivingly connected at least one scan line of each pixel column, scanning Driver can produce scanning signal and scanning signal be provided to scan line based on row sequence (line-sequential).For It is drivingly connected at least one isolychn of each pixel column, emission driver can produce luminous signal and by luminous signal It is provided to isolychn.

Gate driving circuit 13 can be formed directly into the non-of display panel 10 according to GIP (panel inner grid driver) technology In display area.

Fig. 3 is the equivalent circuit diagram of the dot structure of an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention.Fig. 4 is that display is applied to figure The data-signal of 3 pixel and the waveform diagram of grid signal.

Referring to Fig. 3, each pixel PXL being arranged in line n (n is natural number) include Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED, Drive transistor DT, the first transistor T1, second transistor T2, third transistor T3, the 4th transistor T4, the 5th transistor T5 With capacitor Cstg.

Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by the driving current provided from driving transistor DT.Organic light-emitting diodes Pipe OLED includes the multilayer organic compound between anode and cathode.Organic compound layer may include hole transport layer, electricity At least one of sub- transfer layer and luminescent layer EML.Hole transport layer includes the layer that hole is injected or is transferred in luminescent layer, Such as hole injection layer HIL, hole transmission layer HTL, electronic barrier layer EBL etc..Electronics transfer layer includes by electron injection or turning Move on to layer in luminescent layer, such as electron transfer layer ETL, electron injecting layer EIL, hole blocking layer HBL etc..Organic light-emitting diodes The anode of pipe OLED is connected to node C, and the cathode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is connected to low level driving voltage ELVSS Input terminal.

Driving transistor DT is applied to the driving of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED based on its source-gate voltage Vsg control Electric current.The gate electrode of driving transistor DT is connected to node A, and source electrode is connected to node D, and its drain electrode connects It is connected to node B.

The first transistor T1 is connected between data line 14 and node D, and the first transistor T1 is scanned in response to n-th Signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of the first transistor T1, which is connected to, is applied n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Nth scan line, the source electrode of the first transistor T1 is connected to data line 14, and the drain electrode of the first transistor T1 connects It is connected to node D.

Second transistor T2 is connected between node D and the input terminal of high level driving voltage ELVDD, and second is brilliant Body pipe T2 is in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of second transistor T2, which is connected to, is applied n-th The nth isolychn of a luminous signal EM (n), the source electrode of second transistor T2 are connected to high level driving voltage ELVDD Input terminal, and the drain electrode of second transistor T2 is connected to node D.

Third transistor T3 is connected to node A and node B, and third transistor T3 is in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of third transistor T3, which is connected to, is applied the n-th of n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Scan line, the source electrode of third transistor T3 is connected to node A, and the drain electrode of third transistor T3 is connected to section Point B.Here, third transistor T3 can be described as sampling transistor.

4th transistor T4 is connected between node B and node C, and the 4th transistor T4 is in response to n-th of letter that shines Number EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 4th transistor T4 is connected to the nth for being applied n-th of luminous signal EM (n) Isolychn, the source electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node B, and the drain electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node C.Here, the 4th transistor T4 can be described as lighting transistor.

5th transistor T5 is connected between node A and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini, and the 5th transistor T5 is in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 5th transistor T5, which is connected to, to be applied Add (n-1) article scan line of (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the source electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to section Point A, and the drain electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.Here, the 5th transistor T5 can be described as the first initialization transistor.

Capacitor Cstg is connected between node A and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

The operation (or being " RUN ", " running ", " work ") of the pixel of Fig. 3 will be described referring to Fig. 4 to 6.Fig. 4 is display It is applied to the data-signal of the pixel of Fig. 3 and the waveform diagram of grid signal.Fig. 5 A, 5B and 5C be with the initialization period of Fig. 4, adopt The equivalent circuit diagram of sample period and the corresponding pixel of light-emitting period.Fig. 6 be shown in initialization period, sampling periods and it is luminous when The diagram of the voltage of node A, B and C of pixel during section.

As shown in Figure 4, a frame can be divided into the initialization period Pi for initializing node A, sample simultaneously at node A The sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe of the threshold voltage of storage driving transistor DT drive crystal in light-emitting period Pe The source-gate voltage of pipe DT is programmed (or adjusting) according to the threshold voltage of sampling, and Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is logical It crosses driving current corresponding with programmed source-gate voltage and emits light.In Fig. 4, because in (n-1) a horizontal week Initialization operation is executed during phase Hn-1, so n-th of horizontal cycle Hn can be entirely used on sampling operation.Which ensure that filling The sampling periods Ps divided, thus the threshold voltage of driving transistor can be sampled more accurately.Data (m-1), Data in figure (m) and Data (m+1) respectively indicates (m-1), (m) and (m+1) a data-signal.

In fig. 5, the transistor that (conducting) is operated during initialization period Pi is indicated by solid line, during the period The transistor for not operating (cut-off) is represented by the dotted line.It continue for (n-1) a horizontal week referring to Figure 4 and 5 A, initialization period Pi Phase Hn-1, (n-1) a horizontal cycle Hn-1 are the data write-ins being allocated in (n-1) row.In initialization period Pi In, (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) is applied with low level, and n-th of scanning signal SCAN is applied with high level (n) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).Here, low level is ON level LON, high level is OFF level LOFF.For convenient for retouching It states, hereinafter low level is referred to as ON level, and high level is referred to as OFF level.

In initialization period Pi, because the 5th transistor T5 is led in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) It is logical, so node A is initialized to initialization voltage Vini.Here, the 5th transistor T5 can be described as the first initialization transistor. Because the gate electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to and is applied (n-1) article of (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and sweeps Line is retouched, so allowing sufficient sampling periods to sample the threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT, thus improves threshold value electricity Press the precision of the compensation of Vth.Node A is initialized before sampling operation in this way, can be improved sampling reliability, and It can be avoided the unnecessary of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED to shine.For this purpose, initialization voltage Vini can be from than organic light emission two The voltage range that the operation voltage of pole pipe OLED is sufficiently low is chosen, and initialization voltage Vini may be configured as being equal to or less than low level Driving voltage ELVSS.In addition, node D keeps the data voltage Vdata (n) of former frame during initialization period Pi.

In figure 5B, the transistor operated during sampling periods Ps is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.It continue for n-th horizontal cycle Hn, n-th of horizontal cycle Hn referring to Figure 4 and 5 B, sampling periods Ps It is the data write-in being allocated in line n.In sampling periods Ps, n-th of scanning signal SCAN is applied with ON level (n), and with OFF level apply (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).In sampling In section Ps, because the first transistor T1 and third transistor T3 is connected in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n), driving Transistor DT is diode connection structure (that is, gate electrode and drain electrode are short-circuit, so that driving transistor DT serves as two poles Pipe), and data voltage Vdata (n) is applied to node D.

In sampling periods Ps, electric current Ids flows between the source electrode and drain electrode of driving transistor DT, this electricity Stream Ids causes the voltage at node A to be increased to Vdata (n)-Vth from initialization voltage Vini, is by from data voltage Vdata (n) subtracts the threshold voltage of driving transistor DT and obtains.Initialization voltage Vini drives equal to or less than low level Voltage ELVSS.Because the voltage being connected at the node A of the gate electrode of driving transistor DT is according to the threshold of driving transistor DT Threshold voltage Vth is conditioned, so can shine in the case where not considering to drive the threshold voltage vt h of transistor DT in subsequent Driving current is generated in period Pe.

In figure 5 c, the transistor operated during light-emitting period Pe is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.Referring to Figure 4 and 5 C, light-emitting period Pe removes initialization period Pi and sampling periods Ps corresponding to a frame Rest part in addition.In light-emitting period Pe, n-th of luminous signal EM (n) is applied with ON level, and apply with OFF level Add (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n).

In light-emitting period Pe, because second transistor T2 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n), high electricity Flat driving voltage ELVDD is connected to the source electrode of driving transistor DT.In addition, because the 4th transistor T4 is in response to n-th Luminous signal EM (n) conducting, so the voltage on node B and C becomes the operation for being substantially equal to Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED Voltage VOLED.

4th transistor T4 is connected to the anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED and in initialization period Pi and sampling End during section Ps, but do not end during light-emitting period Pe, thus prevents from having flowed through in the time in addition to light-emitting period Pe The leakage current of machine light emitting diode OLED.Here, the 4th transistor T4 can be described as lighting transistor.

The relational expression of driving current Ioled of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is flowed through during light-emitting period Pe by following Equation 1 indicates.Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by driving current, thus shows desired gray level.

[equation 1]

Ioled=k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2=k/2 (Vs-Vg-Vth)2=k/2 (VDD-Vdata+Vth-Vth)2=k/2 (VDD-Vdata)2

Wherein k/2 indicates that the ratio determined by the electron mobility of driving transistor DT, parasitic capacitance and channel capacity is normal Number, VDD indicate the voltage of high level voltage line.

The mathematic(al) representation of driving current Ioled is k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2.Programmed Vsg has been in light-emitting period Pe It is adjusted according to the threshold voltage component Vth of driving transistor DT.Thus, according to the relational expression as shown in equation 1, driving The threshold voltage component Vth of transistor DT will not influence driving current Ioled.This is by the variation of threshold voltage vt h to driving electricity The influence for flowing Ioled minimizes.

Fig. 6 is applied during showing the initialization period Pi described in Fig. 5 A to 5C, sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe Add to the chart of the voltage of node A, B and C.After by sampling periods Ps, the voltage of node A is according to driving transistor DT's Threshold voltage vt h is conditioned, and when Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light in light-emitting period Pe, is not considering to drive In the case where the threshold voltage vt h of transistor DT, the driving current Ioled of driving transistor DT allows to show desired gray scale Grade.

Fig. 7 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the embodiment variant of dot structure of Fig. 3.Fig. 8, which is shown, is applied to Fig. 7 The data-signal of pixel and the waveform diagram of grid signal.Fig. 9 A, 9B and 9C are and the initialization period of Fig. 7, sampling periods and hair The equivalent circuit diagram of the corresponding pixel of light time section.Figure 10 is shown in picture during initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period The diagram of the voltage of node A, B and C of element.

Other than the element of the pixel PXL of Fig. 3, the pixel PXL of Fig. 7 further comprises the 6th transistor T6.Fig. 7's In pixel PXL, the 6th transistor T6 is connected between the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini and node C.6th transistor T6 Gate electrode be connected to (n-1) scan line for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the 6th transistor T6 Source electrode be connected to node C, and the drain electrode of the 6th transistor T6 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini Son.By adding the 6th transistor T6 as shown in Figure 7, thus the voltage being capable of fixing at node C improves sampling precision.Cause This, can be improved the stability of circuit operation.Here, the 6th transistor T6 can be described as the second initialization transistor.

The every other element of Fig. 7 in addition to the 6th transistor T6 is substantially identical as those of referring to described in Fig. 3.

How the pixel that Fig. 7 is described referring to Fig. 7 to Figure 10 is worked.Fig. 8 is the number for showing the pixel for being applied to Fig. 7 It is believed that number and grid signal waveform diagram.Fig. 9 A, 9B and 9C are and the initialization period of Fig. 7, sampling periods and light-emitting period pair The equivalent circuit diagram for the pixel answered.Figure 10 is shown in the node of pixel during initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period A, the diagram of the voltage of B and C.

As shown in Figure 8, a frame can be divided by the initialization period Pi of node A and node C initialization, in node A The sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe of place's sampling and the threshold voltage of storage driving transistor DT, in light-emitting period Pe, The source-gate voltage of transistor DT is driven to be programmed (or adjusting) according to the threshold voltage of sampling, and organic light-emitting diodes Pipe OLED emits light and driving current corresponding with programmed source-gate voltage.In fig. 8, because at (n-1) Initialization operation is executed during a horizontal cycle Hn-1, so n-th of horizontal cycle Hn can be entirely used on sampling operation.This It ensures sufficient sampling periods Ps, thus the threshold voltage of driving transistor can be sampled more accurately.

In figure 9 a, the transistor operated during initialization period Pi is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor be represented by the dotted line.Referring to Fig. 8 and 9A, in initialization period Pi, (n-1) a scanning signal is applied with ON level SCAN (n-1), and with n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) of OFF level application and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).It is initializing In period Pi, because the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6 is connected in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), So node A and node C are initialized to initialization voltage Vini.Because of the grid of the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6 Electrode is connected to (n-1) article scan line for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), so allowing sufficient Sampling periods drive the threshold voltage vt h of transistor DT to sample, thus improve the precision of the compensation of threshold voltage vt h.It changes Sentence is talked about, and by initializing node A and node C before sampling operation, can be improved sampling reliability, and can be avoided The unnecessary of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED shines.

In figures 9 b and 9, the transistor operated during sampling periods Ps is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.Referring to Fig. 8 and 9B, in sampling periods Ps, n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) is applied with ON level, And (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n) are applied with OFF level.In sampling periods Ps In, because the first transistor T1 and third transistor T3 is connected in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n), drive crystal Pipe DT is diode connection structure (that is, gate electrode and drain electrode short circuit, so that driving transistor DT serves as diode), and And data voltage Vdata (n) is applied to node D.

Therefore, in sampling periods Ps, electric current Ids flows between the source electrode and drain electrode of driving transistor DT Dynamic, this electric current Ids causes the voltage at node A to be increased to Vdata (n)-Vth from initialization voltage Vini, is by from number The threshold voltage of driving transistor DT is subtracted according to voltage Vdata (n) and is obtained.Initialization voltage Vini is equal to or less than low electricity Flat driving voltage ELVSS.Because the voltage being connected at the node A of the gate electrode of driving transistor DT is according to driving transistor The threshold voltage of DT is conditioned, so can be in the case where not considering to drive the threshold voltage vt h of transistor DT, in subsequent hair Driving current is generated in light time section Pe.

In Fig. 9 C, the transistor operated during light-emitting period Pe is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.Referring to Fig. 8 and 9C, in light-emitting period Pe, n-th of luminous signal EM (n) is applied with ON level, and And (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) are applied with OFF level.In light-emitting period Pe In, because second transistor T2 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n), high level driving voltage ELVDD is connected to Drive the source electrode of transistor DT.In addition, because the 4th transistor T4 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n), Voltage on node B and C becomes the operation voltage VOLED for being substantially equal to Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED.

4th transistor T4 is connected to the anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED and in initialization period Pi and sampling End during section Ps, but do not end during light-emitting period Pe, thus prevents from having flowed through in the time in addition to light-emitting period Pe The leakage current of machine light emitting diode OLED.The driving current of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is flowed through during light-emitting period Pe The relational expression of Ioled is indicated by following equation 2.Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by driving current, thus shows Desired gray level.

[equation 2]

Ioled=k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2=k/2 ((Vs-Vg)-Vth)2=k/2 ((VDD-Vdata+Vth)-Vth)2=k/2 (VDD-Vdata)2

Wherein k/2 indicates that the ratio determined by the electron mobility of driving transistor DT, parasitic capacitance and channel capacity is normal Number.

The mathematic(al) representation of driving current Ioled is k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2.Programmed Vsg has been in light-emitting period Pe The threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT is conditioned.Thus, according to the relational expression as shown in equation 2, drive transistor DT's Threshold voltage vt h will not influence driving current Ioled.This influence by the variation of threshold voltage vt h to driving current Ioled is most Smallization.

Figure 10 is applied during showing the initialization period Pi described in Fig. 9 A to 9C, sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe Add to the chart of the voltage of node A, B and C.After sampling periods Ps, the voltage of node A is according to the threshold value for driving transistor DT Voltage Vth is conditioned, and when Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light in light-emitting period Pe, is not considering to drive crystal In the case where the threshold voltage vt h of pipe DT, the driving current Ioled of driving transistor DT allows to show desired gray level.

Figure 11 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the embodiment variant of dot structure of Fig. 7.Figure 11 is shown shown in Fig. 7 Second transistor T2, third transistor T3 and the 5th transistor T5 between connection relationship variation example.

Driving transistor DT is applied to the driving electricity of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED based on source-gate voltage Vsg control The amount of stream.The gate electrode of driving transistor DT is connected to node A, and the source electrode of driving transistor DT is connected to node D, and And the drain electrode of transistor DT is driven to be connected to node B.

The first transistor T1 is connected to data line 14 and node D, and the first transistor T1 is in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of the first transistor T1, which is connected to, is applied the n-th of n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Scan line, the source electrode of the first transistor T1 are connected to data line 14, and the drain electrode connection of the first transistor T1 To node D.

Second transistor T2 is connected between node D and the input terminal of high level driving voltage ELVDD, and second is brilliant Body pipe T2 is in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of second transistor T2, which is connected to, is applied n-th The nth isolychn of a luminous signal EM (n), the source electrode of second transistor T2 are connected to high level driving voltage ELVDD Input terminal, and the drain electrode of second transistor T2 is connected to node D.

Third transistor T3 is connected to node A and node B, and third transistor T3 is in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of third transistor T3, which is connected to, is applied the n-th of n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Scan line, the source electrode of third transistor T3 is connected to node B, and the drain electrode of third transistor T3 is connected to section Point A.

4th transistor T4 is connected to node B and node C, and the 4th transistor T4 is in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 4th transistor T4 be connected to be applied n-th of luminous signal EM (n) nth shine Line, the source electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node B, and the drain electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node C.

5th transistor T5 is connected between node A and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini, and the 5th transistor T5 is in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 5th transistor T5, which is connected to, to be applied Add (n-1) article scan line of (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the drain electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to section Point A, and the source electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

6th transistor T6 is connected between the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini and node C, and the 6th transistor T6 is in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 6th transistor T6, which is connected to, to be applied n-th The nth scan line of scanning signal SCAN (n), the source electrode of the 6th transistor T6 are connected to node C, and the 6th transistor The drain electrode of T6 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

Capacitor Cstg is connected between node A and the input terminal of high level driving voltage ELVDD.

The waveform diagram of Fig. 8 is equally applicable to the equivalent circuit diagram of Figure 11.As shown in Figure 8, a frame, which can be divided into, to save The initialization period Pi of point A and node C initialization, the threshold voltage of sampling and storage driving transistor DT adopts at node A Sample period Ps and light-emitting period Pe drive the source-gate voltage of transistor DT according to sampling in light-emitting period Pe Threshold voltage is programmed (or adjust), and Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED pass through it is corresponding with programmed source-gate voltage Driving current and emit light.The grid voltage of driving transistor DT is initialised during (n-1) a horizontal cycle Hn-1, And sampling operation is executed together with the initialization of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED during n-th of horizontal cycle Hn.That is It include initialization period Pi and sampling periods Ps in n-th of horizontal cycle Hn.

In initialization period Pi, (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) is applied with ON level, and with OFF level Apply n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).In initialization period Pi, because of the 5th transistor T5 is connected in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), so node A is initialized to initialization voltage Vini.Cause This can be improved the sampling of the threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT by initializing node A before sampling operation Reliability.

In sampling periods Ps, n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) is applied with ON level, and apply the with OFF level (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).In sampling periods Ps, because the first transistor T1, Third transistor T3 and the 6th transistor T6 are connected in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n), so driving transistor DT is two Pole pipe connection structure (that is, gate electrode and drain electrode short circuit, so that driving transistor DT serves as diode), and data electricity Pressure Vdata (n) is applied to node D.Therefore, in sampling periods Ps, electric current Ids driving transistor DT source electrode with It is flowed between drain electrode, this electric current Ids causes the voltage at node A to be increased to Vdata (n)-from initialization voltage Vini Vth is obtained and subtracting the threshold voltage of driving transistor DT from data voltage Vdata (n).Initialization voltage Vini is equal to or less than low level driving voltage ELVSS.Because being connected at the node A of the gate electrode of driving transistor DT Voltage is conditioned according to the threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT, so can be in the threshold voltage for not considering driving transistor DT In the case where, driving current is generated in subsequent light-emitting period Pe.In addition, by before sampling operation that node C is initial Change, can prevent the unnecessary of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED from shining.

Light-emitting period Pe corresponds to the rest part other than initialization period Pi and sampling periods Ps of a frame.It is sending out In light time section Pe, n-th of luminous signal EM (n) is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal is applied with OFF level SCAN (n-1) and n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n).In light-emitting period Pe, because second transistor T2 is sent out in response to n-th Optical signal EM (n) conducting, so high level driving voltage ELVDD is connected to the source electrode of driving transistor DT.In addition, because 4th transistor T4 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n), so the voltage on node B and C, which becomes being substantially equal to, to be had The operation voltage VOLED of machine light emitting diode OLED.

4th transistor T4 is connected to the anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED and in initialization period Pi and sampling End during section Ps, but do not end during light-emitting period Pe, thus prevents from having flowed through in the time in addition to light-emitting period Pe The leakage current of machine light emitting diode OLED.

The relational expression of the driving current Ioled of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is flowed through during light-emitting period Pe by referring to figure Above-mentioned equation 2 described in 9C indicates.Therefore, Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by driving current, thus shows expectation Gray level.Referring to equation 2, the mathematic(al) representation of driving current Ioled is k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2.The quilt in light-emitting period Pe The source-gate voltage Vsg of programming is conditioned according to the threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT.Thus, according to such as equation 2 Shown in relational expression, driving transistor DT threshold voltage vt h will not influence driving current Ioled.This is by threshold voltage vt h Influence of the variation to driving current Ioled minimize.

Figure 12 is the equivalent circuit diagram for showing the variation example of dot structure of Fig. 3.Figure 13 is to show the picture for being applied to Figure 12 The data-signal of element and the waveform diagram of grid signal.Figure 14 A, 14B and 14C be with the initialization period of Figure 12, sampling periods and The equivalent circuit diagram of the corresponding pixel of light-emitting period.

Referring to Fig.1 2, each pixel PXL being arranged in line n (n is natural number) include Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED, Drive transistor DT, the first transistor T1, second transistor T2, third transistor T3, the 4th transistor T4, the 5th transistor T5, the 6th transistor T6 and capacitor Cstg.

Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by the driving current provided from driving transistor DT.Organic light-emitting diodes Pipe OLED includes the multilayer organic compound between anode and cathode.The anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is connected to section Point C, and the cathode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is connected to the input terminal of low level driving voltage ELVSS.

Driving transistor DT is applied to the driving of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED based on its source-gate voltage Vsg control Electric current.The gate electrode of driving transistor DT is connected to node A, and source electrode is connected to high level driving voltage ELVDD's Input terminal, and its drain electrode is connected to node B.

The first transistor T1 is connected between data line 14 and node D, and the first transistor T1 is scanned in response to n-th Signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of the first transistor T1, which is connected to, is applied n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Nth scan line, the source electrode of the first transistor T1 is connected to data line 14, and the drain electrode of the first transistor T1 connects It is connected to node D.

Second transistor T2 is connected to node A and node B, and second transistor T2 is in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of second transistor T2, which is connected to, is applied the n-th of n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) Scan line, the source electrode of second transistor T2 is connected to node B, and the drain electrode of second transistor T2 is connected to section Point A.

Third transistor T3 is connected between node D and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini, and third transistor T3 is in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of third transistor T3, which is connected to, is applied n-th of hair The nth isolychn of optical signal EM (n), the drain electrode of third transistor T3 are connected to node D, and third transistor T3 Source electrode is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

4th transistor T4 is connected between node B and node C, and the 4th transistor T4 is in response to n-th of letter that shines Number EM (n) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 4th transistor T4 is connected to the nth for being applied n-th of luminous signal EM (n) Isolychn, the source electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node B, and the drain electrode of the 4th transistor T4 is connected to node C。

5th transistor T5 is connected between node A and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini, and the 5th transistor T5 is in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 5th transistor T5, which is connected to, to be applied Add (n-1) article scan line of (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the drain electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to section Point A, and the source electrode of the 5th transistor T5 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

6th transistor T6 is connected between node C and the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini, and the 6th transistor T6 is in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) conduction and cut-off.The gate electrode of 6th transistor T6, which is connected to, to be applied Add (n-1) article scan line of (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the source electrode of the 6th transistor T6 is connected to section Point C, and the drain electrode of the 6th transistor T6 is connected to the input terminal of initialization voltage Vini.

Capacitor Cstg is connected between node A and node D.

As described above, being applied because the pixel PXL of Figure 12 includes the capacitor Cstg between node A and node D The voltage for adding to node A can change with the voltage for being applied to node D.Therefore, driving transistor DT is in response to the electricity on node A The variation of pressure determines the amount for being supplied to the electric current of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED.It so, it is possible the stabilization of raising circuit operation Property, and can easily control the brightness of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED.

In addition, by using the pixel PXL of Figure 12, data voltage Vdata and initial during can be avoided initialization period Change the short circuit between voltage Vini, and extend the sampling periods for pixel compensation, realizes that compensation ability improves.

The operation for the pixel for describing Figure 12 for referring to Fig.1 3 to 14C.

One frame can be divided into initialization period Pi, the storing data voltage Vdata (n) of node A and node C initialization And transistor DT is driven to be operated until the source-gate voltage of driving transistor DT becomes being substantially equal to threshold voltage Until sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe, in light-emitting period Pe, Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED pass through in response to section Voltage change at point A and the driving current of driven driving transistor DT and emit light.In Figure 13, because in (n- 1) initialization operation is executed during a horizontal cycle Hn-1, so n-th of horizontal cycle Hn can be entirely used on sampling operation. Which ensure that sufficient sampling periods Ps, thus the threshold voltage of driving transistor can be sampled more accurately.

In Figure 14 A, the transistor operated during initialization period Pi is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor be represented by the dotted line.3 and 14A referring to Fig.1 applies (n-1) a scanning letter in initialization period Pi with ON level Number SCAN (n-1), and with n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) of OFF level application and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).Initial Change in period Pi, because the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6 are led in response to (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) It is logical, so node A and node C are initialized to initialization voltage Vini.

In initialization period Pi, because the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6 believes in response to (n-1) a scanning Number SCAN (n-1) conducting, so node A and node C are initialized to initialization voltage Vini.In this way sampling operation it It is preceding to initialize node A and node C, it can be improved sampling reliability, and can be avoided Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED not It is necessary to shine.For this purpose, initialization voltage Vini can be from the sufficiently low voltage of operation voltage than Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED Range is chosen, and initialization voltage Vini may be configured as being equal to or less than low level driving voltage ELVSS.

In fig. 14b, the transistor operated during sampling periods Ps is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.3 and 14B referring to Fig.1 applies n-th of scanning signal SCAN in sampling periods Ps with ON level (n), and with OFF level apply (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).In sampling In section Ps, because the first transistor T1 and second transistor T2 is connected in response to n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n), driving Transistor DT is diode connection structure (that is, gate electrode and drain electrode are short-circuit, so that driving transistor DT serves as two poles Pipe), and data voltage Vdata (n) is applied to node D, and high level driving voltage ELVDD is applied to node A.In this feelings In shape, because capacitor Cstg is arranged between node D and node A, different voltage can be applied to node D and node A.

Therefore, in sampling periods Ps, driving transistor DT is operated until source-gate voltage becomes substantially etc. High level driving voltage ELVDD is applied to node D until threshold voltage, and while driving transistor DT operation.

In Figure 14 C, the transistor operated during light-emitting period Pe is indicated by solid line, is not operated during the period Transistor is represented by the dotted line.3 and 14C referring to Fig.1 applies n-th of luminous signal EM (n) in light-emitting period Pe with ON level, And (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) are applied with OFF level.In light-emitting period In Pe, because third transistor T3 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n), initialization voltage Vini is applied to Node D.Voltage on capacitor Cstg corresponding with the potential change Vdata-Vini on node D is applied to node A.Change sentence It talks about, the source-gate voltage Vsg of driving transistor DT is programmed by the potential change being applied on the node D of node A. Therefore, driving transistor DT determines the electric current for being supplied to Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED in response to the voltage change on node A Amount.

In addition, the voltage on node C becomes because the 4th transistor T4 is connected in response to n-th of luminous signal EM (n) For the operation voltage VOLED equal to Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED.

The relational expression of driving current Ioled of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED is flowed through during light-emitting period Pe by following Equation 3 indicates.Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED emits light by driving current, thus shows desired gray level.

4th transistor T4 is connected to the anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED and in initialization period Pi and sampling End during section Ps, but do not end during light-emitting period Pe, thus prevents from having flowed through in the time in addition to light-emitting period Pe The leakage current of machine light emitting diode OLED.

[equation 3]

Ioled=k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2=k/2 ((Vs-Vg)-Vth)2=k/2 (VDD- (VDD- (Vdata-Vini)- Vth)-Vth)2=k/2 (Vdata-Vini)2

Wherein k/2 indicates that the ratio determined by the electron mobility of driving transistor DT, parasitic capacitance and channel capacity is normal Number.

The mathematic(al) representation of driving current Ioled is k/2 (Vsg-Vth)2.Programmed Vsg has been in light-emitting period Pe It is conditioned according to the threshold voltage vt h of driving transistor DT.Thus, according to the relational expression as described in equation 3, drive transistor The threshold voltage vt h of DT will not influence driving current Ioled.This is by the variation of threshold voltage vt h to the shadow of driving current Ioled It rings and minimizes.

Although being divided into initialization period Pi, sampling periods Ps and light-emitting period Pe in view of a frame gives retouching above It states, however, the present invention is not limited thereto, as shown in Figure 15, a frame can further comprise being located at initialization period Pi and light-emitting period Pe Between holding period Ph.

In keeping period Ph, n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) is applied with OFF level, and apply the with OFF level (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n).

In this way, in keeping period Ph, while applying n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) with ON level, n-th of hair Optical signal EM (n) is not to be to maintain the OFF level regular hour with the application of ON level and measured.It is therefore possible to prevent due at n-th Caused by the curent change or voltage change that scanning signal SCAN (n) and n-th of luminous signal EM (n) may occur when being synchronized Noise.Other element shown in Figure 15 is substantially identical as those of described in Fig. 8.

Traditionally, each pixel utilizes n-th of first scanning signal SCAN1 (n), n-th of second scanning signal SCAN2 (n) it is driven with n-th of luminous signal EM (n).Every pixel uses three GIP blocks as a result,.On the contrary, reference in this specification The dot structure that Fig. 2 to 15 is described utilizes (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) and n-th A luminous signal EM (n) is driven.Therefore, it is able to use the dot structure that this specification is driven by the GIP that two blocks form. This can reduce the width of GIP forming region, be achieved in narrow frame.

Figure 16 to 18 is shown in the shift register and emission driver that scanner driver is realized in gate driving circuit Phase inverter each exemplary diagram.

Figure 16 is the diagram of the gate driving circuit 13 of detailed illustration Fig. 2.Referring to Fig.1 6, gate driving circuit may include sweeping Retouch driver S1 (n) and emission driver EM Inv. (n).

In order to be drivingly connected at least one scan line of each pixel column, scanner driver can produce scanning signal and Scanning signal is provided to scan line based on row sequence.Scanner driver includes shift register.Each shift register includes The A grade S1 (1) Dao S1 (n+1) of cascade connection.In order to be drivingly connected at least one isolychn of each pixel column, shine driving Device can produce luminous signal and luminous signal be provided to isolychn.Emission driver includes phase inverter.Each phase inverter packet Include the B grade EM Inv. (1) Dao EM Inv. (n+1) of cascade connection.

A grades of S1 (1) may be provided at the active of display image to S1 (n+1) and B grades of EM Inv. (1) to EM Inv. (n+1) It is mutually symmetrical on the two sides in region and for active region.

A grades of S1 (n-1) export (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) in response to initial pulse S1VST simultaneously.Except (n-1) except a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), the also exportable carry signal of A grades of S1 (n-1) and using carry signal as starting Pulse S1VST is supplied to simultaneously in rear A grades of S1 (n).Carry signal can be enter as the initial pulse in rear class.

Since (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) is supplied to (n-1) article scanning of (n-1) a pixel simultaneously The nth scan line of line and nth pixel, (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) are provided to B grades of EM Inv. (n) and A Grade S1 (n).

When receiving (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1), B grades of EM Inv. (n) are simultaneously to the hair of nth pixel Light provides n-th of luminous signal EM (n), and n-th of luminous signal EM (n) is synchronous with (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) And with (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) reverse phase.

When receiving (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) or receiving (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) and when carry signal, A grades of S1 (n) control letter in response to the scanning sequence of such as initial signal Vst and clock GCLK etc Number, while n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) is provided to the nth scan line of nth pixel.

It is supplied to the nth scan line and (n+1) a pixel of nth pixel simultaneously in n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) (n+1) article scan line when, n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) is provided to B grades of EM Inv. (n+1) and A grades of S1 (n+1).

When receiving n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n), B grades of EM Inv. (n+1) are simultaneously to the hair of (n+1) a pixel Light provides (n+1) a luminous signal EM (n+1), (n+1) a luminous signal EM (n+1) and n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) synchronous and with n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) reverse phase.

When receiving n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) or receiving n-th of scanning signal SCAN (n) and carry When signal, A grades of S1 (n+1) in response to such as initial signal Vst and clock GCLK etc scanning sequence control signal, while to (n+1) article scan line of (n+1) a pixel provides (n+1) a scanning signal SCAN (n+1).

In general, in order to drive pixel, gate driving circuit include the first scanner driver, the second scanner driver and Emission driver.In addition, gate driving circuit needs at least three pieces of A to C grades to drive pixel.In contrast, at this It, can be merely with a scanner driver and emission driver driving pixel without additional actuators in exemplary embodiment.Cause And in this exemplary embodiment, it can be merely with A grades and B grades of driving pixels without additional actuators.Therefore, because with normal Rule technology is compared, and pixel is driven using only 2/3 space, so can be realized narrow frame according to this exemplary embodiment.

A grades of S1 (1) of odd number among 7, A grades of S1 (1) to S1 (2n) arrive S1 (2n-1) and B grades of EM Inv. (1) referring to Fig.1 In a part that may be provided at active region to EM Inv. (2n-1) to B grades of EM Inv. (1) of odd number in EM Inv. (2n), And A grades of S1 (2) of even number among A grades of S1 (1) to S1 (2n) are arrived in EM Inv. (2n) to S1 (2n) and B grades of EM Inv. (1) In the other parts that B grades of EM Inv. (2) of even number may be provided at active region to EM Inv. (2n).

Therefore, first group on a part of active region of A grade S1 (1) Dao S1 (2n-1) and B grades of EM are set Inv. (1) is operated first to EM Inv. (2n-1), and second group in the other parts of active region of A grade S1 is then arranged in (2) it is operated to S1 (2n) and B grades of EM Inv. (2) to EM Inv. (2n).In other words, A grades of S1 (1) arrive S1 (2n) and B grades of EM Inv. (2) can be operated sequentially to EM Inv. (2n) by Z-shaped mode.

The A grade S1 (2n-1) being arranged on a part of active region exports (2n- in response to initial pulse S1VST 1) a scanning signal SCAN (2n-1), and B grades of EM Inv. (2n-1) are a in response to initial pulse S1VST output (2n-1) Luminous signal EM (2n-1).The scanning signal SCAN (2n-1) exported from A grades of S1 (2n-1), which is applied to, to be arranged in active region Other parts on A grade S1 (2n) and B grades of EM Inv. (2n), A grades of S1 (2n) and B grades of EM Inv. (2n) in response to scanning believe Number SCAN (2n-1) exports scanning signal SCAN (2n) and luminous signal EM (2n) respectively, and exports scanning signal SCAN (2n) The A grade S1 (2n+1) being applied on the part that active region is set and B grades of EM Inv. (2n+1).

As described above, this exemplary embodiment is by being provided separately A and B grades of odd number and A and B grades of even number, Neng Gouti Freedom degree that high spatial utilizes and realize narrow frame.

On the part that 8, A grades of S1 (1) may be provided at active region to S1 (n+1) referring to Fig.1, B grades of EM Inv. (1) In the other parts that may be provided at active region to EM Inv. (n+1).

Therefore, the B grade EM Inv. (1) to EM Inv. (n+1) being arranged in the other parts of active region, which corresponds to, to be set Set the A grade S1 (1) Dao S1 (n+1) on a part of active region.A grade S1 on one part of active region is set (1) it can successively be grasped to S1 (n+1) and the B grade EM Inv. (1) to EM Inv. (n+1) being arranged in the other parts of active region Make.

A grade S1 (1) Dao S1 (n+1) and the B grades of EM being separately positioned on a part and other parts of active region Inv. (1) may be in response to different initial signal SVST and EVST to pixel application signal to EM Inv. (n+1).

A grades of S1 (n) may be in response to initial signal SVST and apply scanning letter to nth pixel and (n+1) a pixel simultaneously Number SCAN (n), and scanning signal SCAN (n) can be applied to A grades of S1 (n+1).Meanwhile B grades of EM Inv. (n) may be in response to Initial signal EVST applies luminous signal EM (n) to nth pixel, and can apply signal to B grades of EM Inv. (n+1).This Sample, A grades and B grades can while and successively operate.

As described above, this exemplary embodiment is by being provided separately A grades of S1 (1) to S1 (n+1) and B grades of EM Inv. (1) To EM Inv. (n+1), it can be improved the freedom degree of space utilization and realize narrow frame.

Figure 19 is to show that the array structure of the node of two electrodes of the capacitor Cstg being connected in Fig. 7 pixel shows Figure.

Referring to Fig.1 9, the 5th transistor T5 include semiconductor layer 210, gate electrode 220, drain electrode 221 and source electrode electricity Pole, the 6th transistor T6 include semiconductor layer 210, gate electrode 220, drain electrode 221 and source electrode, and capacitor Cstg includes first electrode 225 and second electrode.The first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg be connected to initialization voltage line Vini with And the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6 drain electrode 221, initialization voltage line be used for from initialization voltage Vini's Input terminal receives signal;Second electrode corresponds to the gate electrode 235 of driving transistor DT.It therefore, can be in first electrode 225 Capacitor is formed at overlapping part between second electrode 235.The source electrode of 5th transistor T5 can be connected by contact hole 271 It is connected to the gate electrode 235 of driving transistor DT, and the source electrode of the 6th transistor T6 can be connected to organic light-emitting diodes The anode of pipe.The semiconductor layer 250 of driving transistor DT may be formed at 235 lower section of gate electrode, and 261 He of source contact openings Drain contact hole 263 can be connected to the corresponding source electrode and drain electrode of respective transistor.

The first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg can dimensionally be greater than the gate electrode 235 of driving transistor DT.In this way, Initialization voltage Vini is applied to first electrode 225, thus inhibits influence of the dislocation charge in substrate 110.This can Improve due to driving the driving current of transistor DT to reduce caused by dislocation charge.Initialization voltage Vini can be negative electricity Pressure.

In addition, the first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg is connected to the gate electrode 235 of driving transistor DT and is arranged In region corresponding with the semiconductor layer of the third transistor T3 operated in sampling periods, thus reduce dislocation charge to third The influence of the semiconductor layer of transistor T3.Equally in other exemplary embodiments, the first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg can be with It is arranged in a manner of identical with Fig. 7.

Selectively, metal layer 114 can be set below the semiconductor layer 250 of driving transistor DT, to inhibit mobile electricity Influence of the lotus to the semiconductor layer 250 of driving transistor DT.Metal layer 114 can be the semiconductor layer with driving transistor DT 250 identical sizes are either greater than the size of the semiconductor layer 250 of driving transistor DT.

Metal layer 114 can be formed by the semiconductor or conductive metal of such as silicon (Si) etc, under conductive metal is, for example, At least one of state: molybdenum (Mo), aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), gold (Au), titanium (Ti), nickel (Ni), neodymium (Nd), copper (Cu), Yi Jiqi In two or more alloy.

Believe in addition, the first electrode of capacitor Cstg is not attached to receive from high level driving voltage input terminal ELVDD Number high level voltage line VDD, but be connected to initialization voltage line Vini, thus reduce the quantity of contact hole.

Figure 21 shows a comparative example, and wherein an electrode of the capacitor Cstg of Fig. 7 is not attached to initialization voltage line Vini, but it is connected to high level voltage line VDD.

High level voltage line VDD, and capacitor are connected to via contact hole 282 referring to Figure 21, second transistor T2 The first electrode 225 of Cstg is connected to high level voltage line VDD via another contact hole 281.In other words, increase contact hole 281 connect capacitor Cstg and high level voltage line VDD.As a comparison, an electrode in capacitor Cstg is connected to just In the situation of beginningization pressure-wire Vini, as shown in Fig. 7 and 19, the first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg is via single contact hole Thus and the ratio of Figure 21 it is connected to the drain electrode and initialization voltage line Vini of the 5th transistor T5 and the 6th transistor T6, It is compared compared with example, reduces the quantity of contact hole.By the way that an electrode of capacitor Cstg is connected to initialization voltage line Vini Rather than it is connected to high level voltage line VDD, the quantity of contact hole can be reduced, realizes sufficient pixel design margin.

The sectional view taken along the line I-I ' of Figure 19 is described below with reference to Figure 20.

Referring to Figure 20, first buffer layer 120 is set on substrate 110.First buffer layer 120 can be formed by one of the following: Si oxide (SiOx), silicon nitride (SiNx) and its multilayer.

Substrate 110 can be glass, metal, plastics or polyimide insulative layer, and substrate 110 can be by two or more layers Composition.Flexible organic light emitting display can be made of the flexible material of such as plastics etc.In addition, when allowing easily fabricated flexibility When the Organic Light Emitting Diode of display is used in car lighting or vehicle display, car lighting or vehicle display can bases Their structure or appearance and have it is various design and assign design freedom.

Metal layer 114 is set in first buffer layer 120.Second buffer layer 130 is set on metal layer 114.Second is slow Rushing layer 130 can be formed by one of the following: Si oxide (SiOx), silicon nitride (SiNx) or its multilayer.

Semiconductor layer 210 is set in second buffer layer 130.Semiconductor layer 210 can partly be led by silicon semiconductor or oxide Body composition.The semiconductor layer 210 of 6th transistor T6 includes drain region 215, source region, lightly doped region 213, Yi Jishe Set the channel region 211 between lightly doped region 213.Semiconductor layer 210 can be doped with such as boron (B), aluminium (Al), gallium (Ga) Or at least one n-type impurity of indium (In) etc.It can be formed by technique identical with the semiconductor layer 210 of the 6th transistor T6 Drive the semiconductor layer of transistor DT and the 5th transistor T5.

First insulating layer 140 is set on semiconductor layer 210.First insulating layer 140 can be formed by one of the following: silicon oxidation Object (SiOx), silicon nitride (SiNx) or its multilayer.

The gate electrode 220 of 6th transistor T6 is set above the channel region 211 of semiconductor layer 210.Gate electrode 220 one of any can be formed by following: molybdenum (Mo), aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), gold (Au), titanium (Ti), nickel (Ni), neodymium (Nd), copper (Cu) and the alloy of two of them or more.Technique shape identical with the gate electrode 220 of the 6th transistor T6 can be passed through At the gate electrode 235 of driving transistor DT and the 5th transistor T5.

Second insulating layer 150 is set on gate electrode 220 and 235.Second insulating layer 150 can be formed by one of the following: Si oxide (SiOx), silicon nitride (SiNx) or its multilayer.

Setting is connected to the first electrode 225 of the capacitor Cstg of initialization voltage line Vini in second insulating layer 150.

That is being connected to the first electrode 225 of initialization voltage line Vini and being connected to the grid of driving transistor DT The second electrode 235 of electrode 235 is arranged to overlap, to form capacitor Cstg.In addition, first electrode 225 is dimensionally big In second electrode 235, thus reduce influence of the dislocation charge to the semiconductor layer of driving transistor DT.

Third insulating layer 160 is set in the first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg.Third insulating layer 160 can by it is following it One forms: Si oxide (SiOx), silicon nitride (SiNx) or its multilayer.

After forming third insulating layer 160, be etched selectively to first to third insulating layer 140,150 and 160 and The first electrode 225 of capacitor Cstg, to form contact hole 223.Pass through the semiconductor of the 6th transistor T6 of the exposure of contact hole 223 A part of layer 210.

The drain electrode 221 for the 6th transistor T6 being formed in contact hole 223 is set on third insulating layer 160.The The drain electrode 221 of six transistor T6 and the drain electrode of the 5th transistor T5 are shared same contact hole 223 and are connected to just The first electrode 225 of beginningization pressure-wire Vini and capacitor Cstg.Drain electrode 221 one of any can be formed by following: molybdenum (Mo), aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), golden (Au), titanium (Ti), nickel (Ni), neodymium (Nd), copper (Cu) and two of them or more Alloy.Drain electrode 221 can be molybdenum/aluminium neodymium double-layer structure or titanium/aluminium/titanium, molybdenum/aluminium/molybdenum or molybdenum/aluminium neodymium/molybdenum three Layer structure.

4th insulating layer 170 is set on drain electrode 221.4th insulating layer 170 can be for mitigating understructure Inhomogeneities planarization layer, and the 4th insulating layer 170 can be by such as polyimides, benzocyclobutene series plastics or third The organic material of olefin(e) acid rouge etc is formed.

In addition to driving transistor DT, the source electrode and drain electrode of aforementioned transistor are interchangeably used, especially In the situation for the first to the 6th transistor of on and off.

The organic light emitting display of this specification can be used in such as TV, mobile phone, tablet PC, monitor, smartwatch, The application field of laptop, vehicle display or the like.The organic light emitting display of this specification is also used in such as flat In the display of various shapes of face display, bendable display, collapsible display and rollable display etc.

Lighting transistor by being connected to the anode of Organic Light Emitting Diode, Neng Gou by exemplary embodiment of the invention Time in addition to light-emitting period prevents to flow to the leakage current of Organic Light Emitting Diode.

In addition, because the initialization voltage Vini applied during initialization period is lower than low level driving voltage ELVSS, So exemplary embodiment of the invention can be improved the service life of Organic Light Emitting Diode.

In addition, exemplary embodiment of the invention can avoid data voltage Vdata and initial during initialization period Change the short circuit between voltage Vini, and due to the longer sampling periods for pixel compensation, can be improved compensation ability.

In addition, because the first initialization transistor of the driving transistor initialization by that will be used to make nth pixel The scan line that gate electrode is connected in (n-1) a pixel is for example applied (n-1) a scanning signal SCAN (n-1) (n-1) article scan line, it is ensured that for driving the abundant sampling periods of the threshold voltage of transistor, so typical case of the invention Embodiment can be improved the precision of threshold voltage compensation.

In addition, exemplary embodiment of the invention is by being connected to initialization voltage input terminal for an electrode of capacitor Son rather than be connected to high level driving voltage, the quantity of contact hole can be reduced and ensure pixel design margin.

In addition, exemplary embodiment of the invention is by being arranged metal layer, energy below the semiconductor layer of driving transistor Enough reduce influence of the dislocation charge to the semiconductor layer of driving transistor.

In addition, because an electrode of capacitor has the area bigger than driving the gate electrode of transistor, this hair Bright exemplary embodiment can reduce influence of the dislocation charge to the semiconductor layer of driving transistor.

In addition, exemplary embodiment of the invention by by the setting of an electrode of capacitor with during sampling periods In the corresponding region of the semiconductor layer of the transistor of operation, influence of the dislocation charge to the semiconductor layer of transistor can be reduced.

In addition, because being connected at least one of transistor of capacitor includes at least two crystal being connected in series Pipe, thus caused by exemplary embodiment of the invention can be prevented due to leakage current luminous intensity deviation.

In addition, exemplary embodiment of the invention by during the sampling periods of previous row pixel will driving transistor or Organic Light Emitting Diode initialization can pass through the gate driving electricity only including a scanner driver and an emission driver Road drives pixel.Therefore, because pixel is driven using only 2/3 space compared with routine techniques, so being easily achieved narrow side Frame.

It can be described as follows according to the organic light emitting display of the exemplary embodiment of this specification:

The exemplary embodiment of this specification provides a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: display panel, the display Panel has multiple pixels;Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive scan line and hair on the display panel Light;And data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel, are arranged in line n Each pixel include: Organic Light Emitting Diode, the Organic Light Emitting Diode, which has, is connected to anode and the connection of node C To the cathode of low level driving voltage input terminal;Transistor is driven, the driving transistor has the grid for being connected to node A Electrode, the source electrode for being connected to node D and the drain electrode for being connected to node B, and the driving transistor controls are applied Add to the driving current of the Organic Light Emitting Diode;The first transistor, the first transistor be connected to data line with it is described Between node D;Second transistor, the second transistor be connected to the node D and high level driving voltage input terminal it Between;Third transistor, the third transistor are connected to the node A and the node B;4th transistor, the described 4th is brilliant Body pipe is connected to the node B and the node C;5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected to the node A and initial Change between voltage input-terminal;And capacitor, the capacitor are connected to the node A and the initialization voltage input terminal Between son, wherein n is natural number.

Preferably, one of frame includes adopting by the initialization period of node A initialization, at the node A Sample and the sampling periods and light-emitting period for storing the threshold voltage for driving transistor, it is described in the light-emitting period The source-gate voltage of driving transistor is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and the Organic Light Emitting Diode Emit light and corresponding with the source-gate voltage programmed driving current, wherein the grid electricity of the 5th transistor Pole is connected to (n-1) article scan line for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal, the gate electrode of the first transistor and institute The gate electrode for stating third transistor is connected to the nth scan line for being applied n-th of scanning signal, and second crystal The gate electrode of the gate electrode of pipe and the 4th transistor is connected to the nth isolychn for being applied n-th of luminous signal, In the initialization period, (n-1) a scanning signal is applied with ON level, and n-th of scanning signal is applied with OFF level N-th of scanning signal is applied in the sampling periods with n-th of luminous signal with ON level, and apply the with OFF level (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal, and in the light-emitting period, with n-th of letter that shines of ON level application Number, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of scanning signal are applied with OFF level.

Preferably, the organic light emitting display further includes the 6th transistor, and the 6th transistor is connected to described first Between beginningization voltage input-terminal and the node C.

Preferably, one of frame includes the initialization period for initializing the node A and node C, in institute The sampling periods and light-emitting period that the threshold voltage of the driving transistor is sampled and stored at node A are stated, are shone described In period, the source-gate voltage of the driving transistor is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and described organic Light emitting diode emits light and driving current corresponding with the source-gate voltage programmed, wherein the 5th crystal The gate electrode of the gate electrode of pipe and the 6th transistor is connected to (n-1) for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal The gate electrode of scan line, the gate electrode of the first transistor and the third transistor, which is connected to, to be applied n-th The nth scan line of scanning signal, and the gate electrode of the gate electrode of the second transistor and the 4th transistor It is connected to the nth isolychn for being applied n-th of luminous signal, in the initialization period, (n-1) is applied with ON level A scanning signal, and n-th of scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, in the sampling periods, with ON Level applies n-th of scanning signal, and with OFF level application (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal, and In the light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal and the are applied with OFF level N scanning signal.

Preferably, one of frame includes the initialization period for initializing the node A and node C, in institute The sampling periods and light-emitting period that the threshold voltage of the driving transistor is sampled and stored at node A are stated, are shone described In period, the source-gate voltage of the driving transistor is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and described organic Light emitting diode emits light and driving current corresponding with the source-gate voltage programmed, wherein the 5th crystal The gate electrode of pipe is connected to (n-1) article scan line for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal, the grid of the first transistor The gate electrode of pole electrode, the gate electrode of the third transistor and the 6th transistor, which is connected to, to be applied n-th and sweeps The nth scan line of signal is retouched, and the gate electrode of the gate electrode of the second transistor and the 4th transistor connects It is connected to the nth isolychn for being applied n-th of luminous signal, in the initialization period, it is a that (n-1) is applied with ON level Scanning signal, and n-th of scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, in the sampling periods, with ON electricity It is flat to apply n-th of scanning signal, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, and in institute It states in light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th is applied with OFF level A scanning signal.

Preferably, the initialization period is included in (n-1) a horizontal cycle, and the sampling periods are included in In n-th of horizontal cycle.

Preferably, in each pixel, source electrode or drain electrode are connected with an electrode of the capacitor Each transistor includes by least two transistors being connected in series of same control signal conduction.

Preferably, the first electrode of the capacitor is arranged between multiple insulating layers, and the insulating layer is arranged described Between the semiconductor layer and source electrode of 5th transistor, and the first electrode of the capacitor is connected to institute via contact hole It states the drain electrode of the 5th transistor and is connected to the drain electrode of the 6th transistor.

Preferably, the organic light emitting display further includes the metal below the semiconductor layer of the driving transistor Layer.

Preferably, the capacitor from the initialization voltage input terminal receive initialization voltage first electrode with The gate electrode of the driving transistor is correspondingly arranged.

Preferably, the first electrode for receiving initialization voltage from the initialization voltage input terminal of the capacitor is set It sets in region corresponding with the semiconductor layer of the third transistor operated during sampling periods.

Preferably, the first electrode of the capacitor is the grid electricity for being connected to the node A of the driving transistor Pole, the second electrode of the capacitor correspond to the electrode for being connected to the initialization voltage input terminal, and described second Electrode is not attached to high level driving voltage input terminal, but is connected to the initialization voltage input terminal.

Another exemplary embodiment of this specification provides a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: display panel, it is described Display panel has multiple pixels;Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive the scan line on the display panel And isolychn;And data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel, are arranged in n-th Row each of pixel include: Organic Light Emitting Diode, the Organic Light Emitting Diode have be connected to node C anode and It is connected to the cathode of low level driving voltage input terminal;Transistor is driven, the driving transistor, which has, is connected to node A's Gate electrode, the source electrode for being connected to high level driving voltage input terminal and the drain electrode for being connected to node B, and And the driving transistor controls are applied to the driving current of the Organic Light Emitting Diode;The first transistor, described first is brilliant Body pipe is connected between data line and node D;Second transistor, the second transistor are connected to the node A and the section Point B;Third transistor, the third transistor are connected between the node D and initialization voltage input terminal;4th crystal Pipe, the 4th transistor are connected to the node B and the node C;5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected to institute It states between node A and the initialization voltage input terminal;6th transistor, the 6th transistor are connected to the initialization Between voltage input-terminal and the node C;And capacitor, the capacitor are connected to the node A and the node D, Wherein n is natural number.

Preferably, one of frame includes the initialization period for initializing the node A and node C, in institute The sampling periods and light-emitting period that the threshold voltage of the driving transistor is sampled and stored at node A are stated, are shone described In period, the source-gate voltage of the driving transistor is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and described organic Light emitting diode emits light and driving current corresponding with the source-gate voltage programmed, wherein the 5th crystal The gate electrode of the gate electrode of pipe and the 6th transistor is connected to (n-1) for being applied (n-1) a scanning signal The gate electrode of scan line, the gate electrode of the first transistor and the second transistor, which is connected to, to be applied n-th The nth scan line of scanning signal, and the gate electrode of the gate electrode of the third transistor and the 4th transistor It is connected to the nth isolychn for being applied n-th of luminous signal, in the initialization period, (n-1) is applied with ON level A scanning signal, and n-th of scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, in the sampling periods, with ON Level applies n-th of scanning signal, and with OFF level application (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal, and In the light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal and the are applied with OFF level N scanning signal.

Preferably, the initialization period is included in (n-1) a horizontal cycle, and the sampling periods are included in In n-th of horizontal cycle.

Preferably, the second transistor includes by least two crystal being connected in series of same control signal conduction Pipe.

The another exemplary embodiment of this specification provides a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: arrangement is in a row (n-1) a pixel and nth pixel, each pixel includes: transistor array, the transistor array have driving crystal Pipe, sampling transistor and the first initialization transistor;And capacitor, the capacitor be connected to initialization voltage input terminal with Between the sampling transistor, wherein being used for the first initialization transistor of the driving transistor initialization of nth pixel Gate electrode is connected to the scan line in (n-1) pixel, and wherein n is natural number.

Preferably, the capacitor is connected into receive initialization voltage, rather than receives high level driving voltage, with Make the minimum number of contact hole.

Preferably, the capacitor includes: the electrode for being connected to the initialization voltage input terminal;With for connecting institute The contact hole of initialization voltage input terminal and the electrode is stated, wherein each pixel further includes the second initialization transistor and has Machine light emitting diode, the drain electrode or source electrode for providing second initialization transistor of negative voltage are via described Contact hole is connected at least one electrode of the Organic Light Emitting Diode.

Preferably, the capacitor includes: the first electrode for receiving initialization voltage;Be connected to the driving transistor Second electrode, wherein the first electrode is dimensionally larger than the second electrode.

Preferably, the organic light emitting display further includes the metal below the semiconductor layer of the driving transistor Layer.

Preferably, region corresponding with the semiconductor layer of the sampling transistor is arranged in the first electrode of the capacitor In.

Preferably, first initialization transistor includes being connected in series by at least two of same control signal conduction Transistor.

Preferably, the sampling transistor includes by least two crystal being connected in series of same control signal conduction Pipe.

Preferably, each pixel further include: Organic Light Emitting Diode, the Organic Light Emitting Diode are brilliant by the driving Body pipe emits light;And lighting transistor, the lighting transistor keep the Organic Light Emitting Diode in addition to light-emitting period Time do not shine.

Preferably, the lighting transistor is connected to the anode of the Organic Light Emitting Diode.

Another exemplary embodiment of this specification provides a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising: arrangement is in a row (n-1) a pixel and nth pixel, wherein each pixel includes that Organic Light Emitting Diode, initialization transistor, sampling are brilliant Body pipe and lighting transistor, wherein the initialization transistor being located in nth pixel is connected to the (n- of (n-1) a pixel 1) scan line;The sampling transistor being wherein located in nth pixel is connected to nth scan line;Wherein it is located at n-th of picture Lighting transistor in element is connected to nth isolychn, wherein a frame for driving the Organic Light Emitting Diode includes Initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period, and in the initialization period apply the (n-1) are a and sweep with ON level Signal is retouched, and n-th of scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal are applied with OFF level, in the sampling periods, with ON level Apply n-th of scanning signal, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal is applied with OFF level, and described In light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1) a scanning signal and n-th are applied with OFF level Scanning signal, wherein n is natural number.

Although describing embodiment referring to multiple illustrative embodiments, it is to be understood that, those skilled in the art Other multiple modifications and embodiment can be designed, this will fall in the spirit and scope of the principle of the present invention.More specifically It says, it, can be into the configuration of building block and/or theme composite construction in invention, attached drawing and scope of the appended claims Row variations and modifications.Other than the change and modification in building block and/or configuration, selectable use is for ability It also will be apparent for field technique personnel.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising:
Display panel, the display panel have multiple pixels;
Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive scan line and isolychn on the display panel;With
Data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel,
Being arranged in each of line n pixel includes:
Organic Light Emitting Diode, the Organic Light Emitting Diode have the anode for being connected to node C and are connected to low level driving The cathode of voltage input-terminal;
Drive transistor, the driving transistor have be connected to the gate electrode of node A, the source electrode for being connected to node D, And it is connected to the drain electrode of node B, and the driving transistor controls are applied to the drive of the Organic Light Emitting Diode Streaming current;
The first transistor, the first transistor are connected between data line and the node D;
Second transistor, the second transistor are connected between the node D and high level driving voltage input terminal;
Third transistor, the third transistor are connected to the node A and the node B;
4th transistor, the 4th transistor are connected to the node B and the node C;
5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected between the node A and initialization voltage input terminal;And
Capacitor, the capacitor are connected between the node A and the initialization voltage input terminal,
Wherein n is the natural number greater than 1,
One of frame includes by the initialization period of node A initialization, samples and store described at the node A The sampling periods and light-emitting period for driving the threshold voltage of transistor, in the light-emitting period, the driving transistor Source-gate voltage is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and the Organic Light Emitting Diode by with programmed The corresponding driving current of source-gate voltage and emit light,
Wherein the gate electrode of the 5th transistor is connected to (n-1)th article of scan line for being applied (n-1)th scanning signal, institute The gate electrode of the gate electrode and the third transistor of stating the first transistor, which is connected to, is applied the of n-th of scanning signal N scan line, and the gate electrode of the gate electrode of the second transistor and the 4th transistor is connected to and is applied The nth isolychn of n-th of luminous signal,
Wherein in the initialization period, (n-1)th scanning signal is applied with ON level, and apply n-th with OFF level and sweep Signal and n-th of luminous signal are retouched,
Wherein in the sampling periods, n-th of scanning signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1)th scanning is applied with OFF level Signal and n-th of luminous signal, and
Wherein in the light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1)th scanning is applied with OFF level Signal and n-th of scanning signal.
2. organic light emitting display according to claim 1 further includes the 6th transistor, the 6th transistor is connected to Between the initialization voltage input terminal and the node C.
3. organic light emitting display according to claim 2,
Wherein the gate electrode of the 6th transistor, which is connected to, is applied described (n-1)th article of (n-1)th scanning signal Scan line is to initialize the node C in the initialization period.
4. organic light emitting display according to claim 2,
Wherein the gate electrode of the 6th transistor is connected to the nth scanning for being applied n-th of scanning signal Line is to initialize the node C in the sampling periods.
5. according to claim 1, organic light emitting display described in 3 and 4 any one, wherein the initialization period includes In (n-1)th horizontal cycle, and the sampling periods are included in n-th of horizontal cycle.
6. organic light emitting display according to claim 1, wherein in each pixel, source electrode or drain electrode with Each transistor that one electrode of the capacitor is connected includes being connected by least two series connection of same control signal conduction The transistor connect.
7. organic light emitting display according to claim 2, wherein the first electrode setting of the capacitor is multiple exhausted Between edge layer, the insulating layer is arranged between the semiconductor layer and source electrode of the 5th transistor, and the capacitor The first electrode of device is connected to the drain electrode of the 5th transistor via contact hole and is connected to the 6th transistor Drain electrode.
8. organic light emitting display according to claim 1 further includes under the semiconductor layer of the driving transistor The metal layer of side.
9. organic light emitting display according to claim 1, wherein the capacitor is inputted from the initialization voltage The first electrode that terminal receives initialization voltage is correspondingly arranged with the gate electrode of the driving transistor.
10. organic light emitting display according to claim 1, wherein the capacitor is inputted from the initialization voltage First electrode that terminal receives initialization voltage is arranged in partly to be led with the third transistor that operates during sampling periods In the corresponding region of body layer.
11. organic light emitting display according to claim 1, wherein the first electrode of the capacitor is that the driving is brilliant The gate electrode for being connected to the node A of body pipe, the second electrode of the capacitor, which corresponds to, is connected to the initialization electricity The electrode of input terminal is pressed, and the second electrode is not attached to high level driving voltage input terminal, but is connected to institute State initialization voltage input terminal.
12. a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising:
Display panel, the display panel have multiple pixels;
Gate driving circuit, the gate driving circuit drive scan line and isolychn on the display panel;With
Data drive circuit, the data drive circuit drive the data line on the display panel,
Being arranged in each of line n pixel includes:
Organic Light Emitting Diode, the Organic Light Emitting Diode have the anode for being connected to node C and are connected to low level driving The cathode of voltage input-terminal;
Drive transistor, the driving transistor, which has, is connected to that the gate electrode of node A, to be connected to high level driving voltage defeated Enter the source electrode of terminal and be connected to the drain electrode of node B, and the driving transistor controls are applied to and described have The driving current of machine light emitting diode;
The first transistor, the first transistor are connected between data line and node D;
Second transistor, the second transistor are connected to the node A and the node B;
Third transistor, the third transistor are connected between the node D and initialization voltage input terminal;
4th transistor, the 4th transistor are connected to the node B and the node C;
5th transistor, the 5th transistor are connected between the node A and the initialization voltage input terminal;
6th transistor, the 6th transistor are connected between the initialization voltage input terminal and the node C;And
Capacitor, the capacitor are connected to the node A and the node D,
Wherein n is the natural number greater than 1,
One of frame includes adopting by the initialization period of the node A and node C initialization, at the node A Sample and the sampling periods and light-emitting period for storing the threshold voltage for driving transistor, it is described in the light-emitting period The source-gate voltage of driving transistor is programmed to have sampled threshold voltage, and the Organic Light Emitting Diode Emit light and driving current corresponding with the source-gate voltage programmed,
Wherein the gate electrode of the 5th transistor and the gate electrode of the 6th transistor are connected to and are applied (n-1)th The gate electrode of (n-1)th scan line of scanning signal, the gate electrode of the first transistor and the second transistor connects It is connected to the nth scan line for being applied n-th of scanning signal, and the gate electrode of the third transistor and the 4th crystalline substance The gate electrode of body pipe is connected to the nth isolychn for being applied n-th of luminous signal,
Wherein in the initialization period, (n-1)th scanning signal is applied with ON level, and apply n-th with OFF level and sweep Signal and n-th of luminous signal are retouched,
Wherein in the sampling periods, n-th of scanning signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1)th scanning is applied with OFF level Signal and n-th of luminous signal, and
Wherein in the light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and (n-1)th scanning is applied with OFF level Signal and n-th of scanning signal.
13. organic light emitting display according to claim 12, wherein the initialization period is included in (n-1)th level In period, and the sampling periods are included in n-th of horizontal cycle.
14. organic light emitting display according to claim 13, wherein the second transistor includes being believed by same control Number conducting at least two be connected in series transistors.
15. a kind of organic light emitting display, comprising:
(n-1)th pixel and nth pixel of arrangement in a row, wherein each pixel includes Organic Light Emitting Diode, driving Transistor, initialization transistor, sampling transistor, lighting transistor and capacitor,
Wherein it is located at (n-1)th scan line that the initialization transistor in nth pixel is connected to (n-1)th pixel;
The sampling transistor being wherein located in nth pixel is connected to nth scan line;
The lighting transistor being wherein located in nth pixel is connected to nth isolychn,
Wherein a frame for driving the Organic Light Emitting Diode includes initialization period, sampling periods and light-emitting period, And
In the initialization period, apply (n-1)th scanning signal of (n-1)th scan line, and with ON level with OFF Level applies n-th of scanning signal of the nth scan line and n-th of luminous signal of the nth isolychn,
In the sampling periods, n-th of scanning signal is applied with ON level, and apply described (n-1)th with OFF level Scanning signal and n-th of luminous signal,
In the light-emitting period, n-th of luminous signal is applied with ON level, and apply described (n-1)th with OFF level Scanning signal and n-th of scanning signal,
Wherein n is the natural number greater than 1,
Wherein the capacitor, which has, is connected to initialization voltage input terminal to receive first electrode and the company of initialization voltage It is connected to the second electrode of the source electrode of the sampling transistor, and
Wherein the first electrode of the capacitor is arranged in and the sampling crystal that operates during the sampling periods In the corresponding region of the semiconductor layer of pipe.
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