CN106196178B - A kind of biomass fireplace - Google Patents

A kind of biomass fireplace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106196178B
CN106196178B CN201610542369.4A CN201610542369A CN106196178B CN 106196178 B CN106196178 B CN 106196178B CN 201610542369 A CN201610542369 A CN 201610542369A CN 106196178 B CN106196178 B CN 106196178B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
valve
temperature
pipe
blower
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610542369.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106196178A (en
Inventor
张锡品
Original Assignee
宁波圣菲机械制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201610542369.4A priority Critical patent/CN106196178B/en
Publication of CN106196178A publication Critical patent/CN106196178A/en
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Publication of CN106196178B publication Critical patent/CN106196178B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/187Condition responsive controls for regulating combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/189Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion characterised by air-handling means, i.e. of combustion-air, heated-air, or flue-gases, e.g. draught control dampers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B7/00Stoves, ranges or flue-gas ducts, with additional provisions for convection heating

Abstract

A kind of biomass fireplace, including furnace body, upper furnace, pipe, blower and air duct;Pipe is located at the top of furnace body, is equipped with lower hearth in the lower section of upper furnace;Rear smoke exhaust pipe is equipped between the rear bore wall of upper furnace and the furnace wall of furnace body;The lower end of smoke exhaust pipe is connected to lower hearth afterwards, and upper end is connected to pipe;The upper end of upper furnace is connected to by flue with pipe, and flue is equipped with valve;Pipe is equipped with the first thermometer, for measuring the flue-gas temperature for flowing through pipe.Air duct is surrounded by the corresponding bore wall of both upper furnace and lower hearth, the tube wall of rear smoke exhaust pipe and the rear wall of furnace body;The one end in air duct is equipped with air outlet, and the other end in air duct is connected with blower.Advantage is: simple and practical in structure, the thermal efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of biomass fireplace

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fireplaces, and in particular to a kind of biomass fireplace.

Background technique

Biomass energy is the important component of renewable energy.The Efficient Development of biomass energy utilizes, to solve the energy, Ecological environment problem will play very positive effect.Since the 1970s, countries in the world are especially economically developed Country all to this great attention, actively develops the research of biomass energy application technology, and obtain many research achievements, reaches industry Change the scale of applying.Wherein biomass fireplace is exactly a kind of important application mode of biomass energy.

Application number: 201320777481.8 applyings date: 203704038 U of 2013-11-23, Authorization Notice No. CN, title A kind of Chinese utility model patent for " biomass fuel warm wind fireplace " discloses a kind of biomass fireplace, it " including furnace body, It by feeding chamber, promotes spiral, the feeding device that inclination feeding chute is constituted, is made of combustion chamber, furnace basin, fire rod, blast pipe Burner, connect that air-introduced machine, smoke outlet is constituted on rear side of furnace body by combustion chamber top smoke outlet, smoke evacuation room, smoke evacuation room lower part Fume extractor sets air blower by the hotair chamber, the hotair chamber bottom opening that are separated by with smoke evacuation room, top connect and warms up The air heating apparatus that wind air-exhausting duct is constituted." the problem is that: overall structure is more complicated, and hot-air to be added is in furnace Circulation and heating method are not reasonable, are unfavorable for the raising of heat exchanger effectiveness.

Summary of the invention

Main inventive purpose of the invention is to provide a kind of a kind of structurally reasonable biomass fireplace.

Technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of biomass fireplace, including furnace body, and furnace body is equipped with upper furnace, smoke Pipe, upper furnace are equipped with upper furnace door;Pipe is located at the top of furnace body;Lower hearth is equipped in the lower section of upper furnace;Upper furnace Rear smoke exhaust pipe is equipped between bore wall and the corresponding furnace wall of furnace body afterwards;The lower end of smoke exhaust pipe is connected to lower hearth afterwards, upper end and smoke Pipe connection;The upper end of the upper furnace is connected to by flue with pipe, and flue is equipped with valve, and pipe is equipped with the first temperature Degree meter.

The discharge flue that only one is fixed from other biomass fireplaces is different, and the present invention is equipped with upper and lower two burner hearths, phase Answer ground there are two different discharge flues, two different discharge flues are respectively used to different working conditions.First smoke evacuation Channel is mainly made of pipe, flue and upper furnace, and flue is equipped with valve;Second discharge flue mainly by lower hearth, after Smoke exhaust pipe and pipe are constituted.When first discharge flue is mainly used for igniting, valve is in the open state at this time, when an igneous Function, biomass combustion start to burn, and the flue gas for generation of burning flows through flue, then fireplace is discharged through pipe.After a certain period of time, it flows Flue-gas temperature through pipe reaches the value of setting, then closes flue gas using valve and flow through pipe through the flue above upper furnace The channel of fireplace is discharged, allows for flue gas so then and can only flow through lower hearth and rear smoke exhaust pipe and fireplace is discharged by pipe again, A kind of biomass fireplace enters normally for hot working.Compared with existing biomass fireplace, structure of the invention compares Simply, the channel normally flowed through for hot working high temperature flue gas is long, and high-temperature flue gas can be compared with ambient enviroment Preferable heat exchange, to improve the thermal efficiency of the invention, therefore it is of the invention it is structurally reasonable, using effect is good.

Preferably, the invention also includes have blower and air duct;Wherein air duct is by the corresponding of both upper furnace and lower hearth The corresponding furnace wall of bore wall, the tube wall of rear smoke exhaust pipe and furnace body surrounds;The one end in air duct is equipped with air outlet, the other end and wind in air duct Machine is connected.This preferred embodiment, when the temperature of the corresponding furnace wall of furnace body reaches setting value, blower starting, to accelerate empty in air duct The flowing velocity of gas, on the one hand accelerates the heat exchange of the tube wall of cold air and rear smoke exhaust pipe, on the other hand accelerates the sky in room Gas convection current, so that being more advantageous to makes the temperature in each corner in room tend to be uniform.

Preferably, the blower is set to the lower end of furnace body, the corresponding air outlet is set to the upper end of furnace body.Further Ground, air outlet are equipped with shutter, and the shutter, which is equipped with, adjusts the adjusting grid pair that hot wind blows to, the further adjusting Grid pair is made of the first adjusting grid pair and the secondary the two combination of the second adjusting grid, wherein the first adjusting grid pair is for adjusting The angle of the upward outlet air of air outlet, the second adjusting grid pair are used to adjust the angle of horizontal outlet air.This preferred embodiment, structure are closed Reason, is conducive to the room flowing of air everywhere and is conducive to make the air themperature in room to tend to be more balanced.

Preferably, the valve handle that the present invention is additionally provided with temperature controller and is connected with valve;First thermometer and temperature Control instrument electrical connection;Further, temperature controller is equipped with buzzer.This preferred embodiment, when the first thermometric temperature is greater than When the temperature value being previously set, buzzer will beep, and staff is reminded to close first by valve handle in time Set valve on a discharge flue, to be discharged again by pipe after promoting flue gas that can only flow through lower hearth and rear smoke exhaust pipe Fireplace, a kind of biomass fireplace enter normally for hot working.In this way, being on the one hand conducive to accelerate speed of lighting a fire, separately On the one hand be conducive to biomass fireplace to go to normally for hot working in time from the state of lighting a fire, to improve biomass fireplace With the heat exchanger effectiveness of ambient enviroment, the structure and workflow of biomass fireplace be reasonable.

Preferably, the valve driver that the present invention is additionally provided with temperature controller and is connected with valve;First thermometer and Valve driver is electrically connected with temperature controller.Wherein, the valve driver is one of oscillating motor, electromagnet etc..This Preferred embodiment, when the first thermometric temperature is greater than the temperature value being previously set, valve driver starts automatically to close Valve set on first discharge flue is closed, to promote flue gas that can only flow through lower hearth and rear smoke exhaust pipe to pass through pipe Fireplace is discharged, so that a kind of biomass fireplace be made to enter normal operating conditions.In this way, being on the one hand conducive to accelerate speed of lighting a fire Degree, is on the other hand conducive to biomass fireplace to go to normal operating conditions in time from the state of lighting a fire, to improve biomass wall The heat exchanger effectiveness of furnace and ambient enviroment, the structure and workflow of biomass fireplace are reasonable.This preferred embodiment can also reduce The working strength of staff.

Preferably, the present invention is additionally provided with second temperature meter and temperature controller;Second temperature meter is used to measure the rear wall of furnace body Temperature;Second temperature meter and blower are electrically connected with temperature controller.When rear wall temperature is less than particular value, blower, which is in, shuts down shape State, when rear wall temperature is greater than particular value, blower starts automatically to accelerate circulating for hot wind.This preferred embodiment, structure are closed Reason, using effect are high.

In conclusion the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention include igniting and two stages of bio-occlusion room heat supply, Two stages of middle bio-occlusion room heat supply include that fan parking and blower starting run two states, and fan parking and wind again Machine starting operation controls automatic running by temperature controller.It sees on the whole, the present invention has overall structure simple, and flue gas is in furnace Rationally, circulation of the hot-air to be added in furnace and to be heated mode form reasonable is conducive to improve heat exchange effect for heating and flowing Rate and effect to room heat supply.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1: structural schematic diagram of the invention;

Fig. 2: schematic top plan view of the invention;

Fig. 3: side view of the invention;

Fig. 4: structural schematic diagram of the ignition phase flue gas through flue discharge biomass fireplace;

Fig. 5: the structural schematic diagram of flue gas smoke exhaust pipe discharge biomass fireplace after after the completion of igniting.

In figure: furnace body 1, upper furnace 2, upper furnace door 2.1, pipe 3, lower hearth 4, lower furnace door 4.1, rear smoke exhaust pipe 5, valve 6, blower 7, air duct 8, the first thermometer 9, temperature controller 10, valve handle 11.

Specific embodiment

Below with reference to the embodiments and with reference to the accompanying drawing the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described.

Embodiment one:

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the present invention includes furnace body 1, and furnace body is equipped with upper furnace 2, pipe 3; Upper furnace 2 is equipped with upper furnace door 2.1;Pipe 3 is located at the top of furnace body 1.Lower hearth 4, lower furnace are equipped in the lower section of upper furnace 2 Thorax 4 is equipped with lower furnace door 4.1;Rear smoke exhaust pipe 5 is equipped between the rear bore wall of upper furnace 2 and the corresponding furnace wall of furnace body 1;Smoke exhaust pipe afterwards 5 lower end is connected to lower hearth 4, and the upper end of rear smoke exhaust pipe 5 is connected to pipe 3;The upper end of the upper furnace 2 by flue and Pipe 3 is connected to, and flue is equipped with valve 6, and valve 6 is connected with valve handle 11;Pipe 3 is equipped with the first thermometer 9, uses The flue-gas temperature of pipe 3 is flowed through in measurement.The present invention is additionally provided with blower 7, air duct 8 and temperature controller 10, and temperature controller 10 is equipped with Buzzer.Preferably, wherein air duct 8 is by the corresponding bore wall of both upper furnace 2 and lower hearth 4, the tube wall and furnace of rear smoke exhaust pipe 5 The corresponding furnace wall of body 1 surrounds;The one end in air duct 8 is equipped with air outlet, and the other end in air duct 8 is connected with blower 7, further described Blower 7 is set to the lower end of furnace body 1, and the corresponding air outlet is set to the upper end of furnace body 1.In addition, first thermometer 9 and temperature It controls instrument 10 to be electrically connected, the present invention is additionally provided with second temperature meter, and second temperature meter is used to measure the temperature of the rear wall of furnace body 1;Second Thermometer and blower 7 are electrically connected with temperature controller 10.

Preferably, air outlet is equipped with shutter 8.1.The present embodiment, the air duct 8 are set there are two air outlet, and two Air outlet is respectively arranged on the left and right sides of furnace body 1, and in addition the shutter 8.1, which is equipped with, adjusts the adjusting grid pair that hot wind blows to, The adjusting grid pair is made of the first adjusting grid pair and the secondary the two combination of the second adjusting grid.Wherein first adjust grid pair Outside, for adjusting the angle of the upward outlet air of air outlet, and including second adjusts grid pair, for adjusting the angle of horizontal outlet air Degree, and then be conducive to the room flowing of air everywhere and be conducive to make the air themperature in room to tend to be more balanced.Adjust lattice The specific structural details of grid pair, this will not be repeated here.

When work, the valve 6 being first turned on upper furnace door 2.1 and flue 5 is put into ignition after biomass, fiery at this time Flame, cigarette and heat are directly discharged through upper furnace, and when the first thermometric temperature is 150 °, [i.e. the exhaust gas temperature of pipe is 150 °] when, buzzer sounds, so that operator be reminded to close valve 6 using valve handle 11.After valve 6 is closed, flue gas is just It can only be discharged by lower hearth, rear smoke exhaust pipe 5 and pipe 3.When the temperature that second temperature measures is lower than 50 °, at blower In shutdown status, the present invention and room carry out free convection mode and carry out heat exchange;When the temperature that second temperature measures is higher than At 50 °, blower starts automatically, to accelerate the convection current of hot-air in the room, on the one hand can make the temperature in each corner in room It spends more uniform, on the other hand can also be improved heat utilization rate.

Embodiment two:

The difference from embodiment 1 is that the invention also includes have valve driver not shown in the figure for embodiment two; First thermometer 9 and valve driver are electrically connected with temperature controller 10, and valve driver is used to drive the opening and closing of valve.Its Middle valve driver can be an oscillating motor, be also possible to an electromagnet, and valve driver described in the present embodiment is a swing Motor [is not shown in the figure, including its installation, connection structure].In addition, the buzzer in embodiment one can retain to remind behaviour Make personnel note that can also remove, to reduce cost.Compared with embodiment one, the present embodiment advantageously reduces operator's Working strength.

The specific embodiment of the above is only the preferable embodiment of the present invention, is not limited with this of the invention specific Practical range.That is, equivalence changes made by all shape, structures according to the present invention ought to be all contained in guarantor of the invention It protects in range.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of biomass fireplace, including furnace body (1), furnace body is equipped with upper furnace (2), pipe (3), and upper furnace is set on (2) There are upper furnace door (2.1);Pipe (3) is located at the top of furnace body (1), it is characterized in that: being equipped with lower hearth in the lower section of upper furnace (2) (4);Rear smoke exhaust pipe (5) are equipped between the rear bore wall of upper furnace (2) and the corresponding furnace wall of furnace body (1);The lower end of smoke exhaust pipe (5) afterwards It is connected to lower hearth (4), upper end is connected to pipe (3);The upper end of the upper furnace (2) is connected by flue and pipe (3) Logical, flue is equipped with valve (6);Pipe (3) is equipped with the first thermometer (9), for measuring the flue gas for flowing through pipe (3) Temperature;It further include blower (7) and air duct (8);Wherein air duct (8) by both upper furnace (2) and lower hearth (4) corresponding bore wall, The corresponding furnace wall of the tube wall of smoke exhaust pipe (5) and furnace body (1) surrounds afterwards;The one end in air duct (8) be equipped with air outlet, air duct (8) it is another One end is connected with blower (7);The blower (7) is set to the lower end of furnace body (1), and the corresponding air outlet is set to furnace body (1) Upper end;Air outlet is equipped with shutter (8.1);The shutter (8.1), which is equipped with, adjusts the adjusting grid pair that hot wind blows to;Institute Adjusting grid pair is stated to be combined and constituted by the first adjusting grid pair and second secondary the two of adjusting grid;It is additionally provided with second temperature meter and temperature It controls instrument (10);Second temperature meter is used to measure the temperature of the rear wall of furnace body (1);Second temperature meter and blower (7) are and temperature controller (10) it is electrically connected;In addition, being additionally provided with the valve handle (11) being connected with valve (6) or the valve driver being connected with valve (6) (12);When being equipped with valve handle (11) being connected with valve (6), first thermometer (9) and temperature controller (10) electrical connection; When being equipped with valve driver (12) being connected with valve (6), first thermometer (9) and valve driver be equal and temperature controller (10) it is electrically connected;When work, the valve (6) being first turned on upper furnace door (2.1) and flue (5) is put into igniting combustion after biomass It burns, flame, cigarette and heat are directly discharged through upper furnace at this time, and when the first thermometric temperature is 150 °, buzzer is rung It rises, so that operator be reminded to close valve (6) using valve handle (11) or close valve using valve driver (12) (6);After valve (6) is closed, flue gas can only be just discharged by lower hearth, rear smoke exhaust pipe (5) and pipe (3);Work as second temperature When the temperature measured is lower than 50 °, blower is in shutdown status, and room carries out free convection mode and carries out heat exchange;When second When thermometric temperature is higher than 50 °, blower starts automatically, to accelerate the convection current of hot-air in the room, one side energy Keep the temperature in each corner in room more uniform, on the other hand can also be improved heat utilization rate.
CN201610542369.4A 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of biomass fireplace CN106196178B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610542369.4A CN106196178B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of biomass fireplace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610542369.4A CN106196178B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of biomass fireplace

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CN106196178A CN106196178A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106196178B true CN106196178B (en) 2019-05-03

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201021810Y (en) * 2006-10-22 2008-02-13 蒋洪斌 Multi-function solid fuel furnace
CN201302217Y (en) * 2008-11-10 2009-09-02 田保岗 Biomass fuel heater

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201462945U (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-05-12 刘虎群 Biomass super-conduction gasification environmental-protection furnace
CN101576271B (en) * 2009-06-10 2012-12-19 王义红 Automatic biological material combusting multipurpose furnace
CN201811424U (en) * 2010-08-25 2011-04-27 许淼 Inverse combustion heating hot-blast furnace
CN103499141A (en) * 2013-07-27 2014-01-08 泰州市旭扬机电设备有限公司 Top air suction type heat exchange structure
CN203501218U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-03-26 郑州亿美机械设备技术有限公司 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace
CN104501211B (en) * 2014-12-29 2017-07-11 宁波丰泰克电机有限公司 Firebrand hearth particle control system

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201021810Y (en) * 2006-10-22 2008-02-13 蒋洪斌 Multi-function solid fuel furnace
CN201302217Y (en) * 2008-11-10 2009-09-02 田保岗 Biomass fuel heater

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