CN106194972A - Be locked shackle - Google Patents

Be locked shackle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106194972A
CN106194972A CN201610713211.9A CN201610713211A CN106194972A CN 106194972 A CN106194972 A CN 106194972A CN 201610713211 A CN201610713211 A CN 201610713211A CN 106194972 A CN106194972 A CN 106194972A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guan
button
solution
shackle
locked
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610713211.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
孟玲
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 孟玲 filed Critical 孟玲
Priority to CN201610713211.9A priority Critical patent/CN106194972A/en
Publication of CN106194972A publication Critical patent/CN106194972A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B45/00Hooks; Eyes

Abstract

The invention discloses the shackle that is locked, including the first Guan Bi button and the second Guan Bi button;First Guan Bi button and the second Guan Bi button mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button is in integrated semicircle, and described second Guan Bi button is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi padlock button;Described first Guan Bi button one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post for connecting the second Guan Bi button;The described first Guan Bi side of detaining is installed with a fixing body;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button is provided with the locking strip for accommodating the projection that the first Guan Bi is buckled;Described fixing body is provided with lock tooth along its length.

Description

Be locked shackle

Technical field

The present invention relates to the shackle that is locked.

Background technology

Hook in correlation technique when in use, be susceptible to and mount thing loosen unreliable, cause mounting thing not Problem attractive in appearance.

Summary of the invention

The shackle it is desirable to provide be locked, to solve above-mentioned technical problem.

Embodiments of the invention provide the shackle that is locked, including the first Guan Bi button and the second Guan Bi button;First closes Close button and the second Guan Bi button mutually locking becomes the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi is detained in integrated semicircle, institute Stating the second Guan Bi button is semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi padlock button;Described first Guan Bi button one end is provided with For connecting the first Guan Bi post of the second Guan Bi button;The described first Guan Bi side of detaining is installed with a fixing body;Described second closes The lower section closing button is provided with the locking strip for accommodating the projection that the first Guan Bi is buckled;Described fixing body is arranged along its length There is lock tooth.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing herein is merged in description and constitutes the part of this specification, it is shown that meet the enforcement of the present invention Example, and for explaining the principle of the present invention together with description.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the technique of the preparation method of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment Flow chart.

Wherein: 1-first closes button, 2-second closes button, and 3-first closes post, 4-fixing body, and 5-locks tooth, the reflective groove of 6-, 7-locking strip, 8-projection.

Detailed description of the invention

Here will illustrate exemplary embodiment in detail, its example represents in the accompanying drawings.Explained below relates to During accompanying drawing, unless otherwise indicated, the same numbers in different accompanying drawings represents same or analogous key element.Following exemplary embodiment Described in embodiment do not represent all embodiments consistent with the present invention.On the contrary, they are only with the most appended The example of the apparatus and method that some aspects that described in detail in claims, the present invention are consistent.

The invention will be further described with the following Examples.

Application scenarios 1

Fig. 1 is according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, include the first Guan Bi button 1 He Second Guan Bi button 2;First Guan Bi button 1 and the second Guan Bi button 2 mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button 1 In integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button 2 is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi button 1 snap close; Described first Guan Bi button 1 one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post 3 for connecting the second Guan Bi button 2;Below described first Guan Bi button 1 It is installed with a fixing body 4;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button 2 is provided with the lock for accommodating the projection 8 on the first Guan Bi button 1 Tight bar 7;Described fixing body 4 is provided with lock tooth 5 along its length.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Preferably, it is provided with two fixing bodies 4 below described second Guan Bi button 2.

Preferably, described second Guan Bi button 2 arcuate directions are provided with reflective groove 6.

Preferably, described first Guan Bi button 1 outer surface is painted with anti-corrosive antibacterial film;Described second Guan Bi button 2 appearance topcoating It is brushed with anti-corrosive antibacterial film.Fig. 2 is the preparation side of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment The process chart of method.With reference to Fig. 2, the preparation method of described anti-corrosive antibacterial film comprises the following steps:

S1, the process of base material: aluminum or aluminum alloy is polished bright through the silicon carbide paper of 500#~800#, uses ethanol respectively Clean with tap water, sequentially pass through oil removing and pickling processes, take out then with distilled water flushing, be placed at 40 DEG C drying;

Wherein, the formula of described oil removing solution is: sodium hydroxide, hexamethylene, sodium bicarbonate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Emulsifying agent, BTA, degreasing fluid temperature are 50~60 DEG C, the oil removing time is 30~45s;The formula of described acid solution For: 70%~80% 10 parts of sulphuric acid, 70%~1 part of 90% nitric acid, 3 parts of 50% potassium permanganate, 1% monoethanolamine, activation temperature Be 50~60 DEG C, soak time be 20~30s;The purpose of acid solution is to remove the oxide-film of aluminum alloy surface, oxide skin, rust Erosion product, and change aluminum alloy surface state;

S2, film forming: the substrate coupons processed through step S1 is immersed 40s in treatment fluid, is placed under infrared lamp baking 2min;Repeat dipping 30s, be placed under infrared lamp baking 1min;

Wherein, the configuration of described treatment fluid is as follows: add appropriate basic zirconium chloride in appropriate distilled water, metatitanic acid is made Solution A, is sequentially added into sulphuric acid, hydroxy ethylene diphosphonic acid and ATMP in solution A, makes solution B, In solution B, add ultra-pure water water be settled to 1000ml, by ammonia regulation solution ph to 7.5~8.5;

S3, prepares photosensitive antibacterial oil paint film:

A. antimicrobial powder is prepared: weigh 10g urea amine, 10g ammonium hydrogen carbonate, 5g ammonium chloride and 15g dispersant cetyl three Methyl bromide ammonium, adds 1000ml ultra-pure water, rocks 1~2min, adds 5g NaCl, rocks 30min, adds 1mol/L NaOH Solution regulation pH value, to 8.5~9.5, uses stretched long-neck dropper dropping AgNO3 solution, rocks 30min, be labeled as molten Liquid A;

B. the solution A that will prepare in step A adds 10ml TiO2 solution, adds 10ml zirconium phosphate, in 50~60 DEG C Water-bath, obtains solution B;

C. solution A and solution B being mixed according to the ratio of 2:1, configuration obtains solution C;3g titanium dioxide is added in solution C Silicon-carbon nanotube, is placed in 70~80 DEG C of stirrings 1~2h on magnetic stirring apparatus, is added dropwise over tetraethyl orthosilicate, stir 2~3h, add Enter 20ml absolute ethyl alcohol and stirring 30min, above-mentioned solution is placed in 40Gy193Irradiate after 30min under Ir gamma-rays, be placed in 0.5~ Sucking filtration under 30KPa negative pressure, puts into 1000~1200 DEG C of calcinings 1~3h in Muffle furnace by filtrate, takes out cooling and grinds, crosses 1200 mesh Sieve and get final product;

S4, is brushed on the photosensitive antibacterium paint being prepared from through S3 by the base material processed through S2.

Experiment test:

(1) droplet test: salt spray test: corrosive liquid NaCl solution, concentration is 90~100mg/mL, pH value be 6.5~ 9.5, salt fog settling amount is 3.0ml/100cm3.h;Spraying 168h is a cycle continuously, measures the rate of corrosion of substrate surface.

After 168h salt air corrosion, the composite membrane system prepared of the inventive method is used not occur bubbling or the showing of depainting As;It is carried out continuously 2 all after dates, occurs in that the slightest diameter bubbling point less than 0.5mm, the rate of corrosion of substrate surface Less than 0.5%;Test carries out 4 all after dates, and the surface of composite membrane system occurs in that diameter is less than the bubbling point of 0.8mm, base The rate of corrosion on material surface is less than 5%.Therefore, after the photosensitive antibacterium paint of external coating of film forming, the composite membrane system of composition is big The big decay resistance that improve paint film, foaming and the peeling of composite membrane system are effectively suppressed, and show non- The decay resistance of Chang Youyi, test carries out 5 all after dates, and the rate of corrosion of substrate surface just reaches 10%.

(2) anti-microbial property test: detect this composite membrane antibacterial effect to escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Really.Result is as shown in table 1, table 2, table 3.

Table 1 composite membrane is to colibacillary bacteriostasis rate and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 100% 50 100% 60 100% 30min after 6 months 100%

Table 2 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of mycete and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 100% 50 100% 60 99.9% 30min after 6 months 99%

Table 3 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Test shows, when 20 minutes, this composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Reach 100%, show the anti-microbial property of excellence;After being exposed to the sun up to the natural environment of 6 months, 30min is interior to above-mentioned The bacteriostasis rate of antibacterial is all more than 99%, therefore, and the composite membrane that the method provided according to embodiments of the invention is prepared from There is the lasting fungistatic effect of excellence.

Result shows, the composite membrane system that the method utilizing the present invention to provide is prepared from has the anticorrosive of excellence and presses down The performance of bacterium.Synergism between the base material and the photosensitive antibacterium paint that processed containing titanium zirconium treatment fluid so that aluminum or Person's aluminum alloy surface obtains extraordinary protection.

Application scenarios 2

Fig. 1 is according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, include the first Guan Bi button 1 He Second Guan Bi button 2;First Guan Bi button 1 and the second Guan Bi button 2 mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button 1 In integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button 2 is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi button 1 snap close; Described first Guan Bi button 1 one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post 3 for connecting the second Guan Bi button 2;Below described first Guan Bi button 1 It is installed with a fixing body 4;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button 2 is provided with the lock for accommodating the projection 8 on the first Guan Bi button 1 Tight bar 7;Described fixing body 4 is provided with lock tooth 5 along its length.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Preferably, it is provided with two fixing bodies 4 below described second Guan Bi button 2.

Preferably, described second Guan Bi button 2 arcuate directions are provided with reflective groove 6.

Preferably, described first Guan Bi button 1 outer surface is painted with anti-corrosive antibacterial film;Described second Guan Bi button 2 appearance topcoating It is brushed with anti-corrosive antibacterial film.Fig. 2 is the preparation side of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment The process chart of method.With reference to Fig. 2, the preparation method of described anti-corrosive antibacterial film comprises the following steps:

S1, the process of base material: aluminum or aluminum alloy is polished bright through the silicon carbide paper of 500#~800#, uses ethanol respectively Clean with tap water, sequentially pass through oil removing and pickling processes, take out then with distilled water flushing, be placed at 40 DEG C drying;

Wherein, the formula of described oil removing solution is: sodium hydroxide, hexamethylene, sodium bicarbonate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Emulsifying agent, BTA, degreasing fluid temperature are 50~60 DEG C, the oil removing time is 30~45s;The formula of described acid solution For: 70%~80% 10 parts of sulphuric acid, 70%~1 part of 90% nitric acid, 3 parts of 50% potassium permanganate, 1% monoethanolamine, activation temperature Be 50~60 DEG C, soak time be 20~30s;The purpose of acid solution is to remove the oxide-film of aluminum alloy surface, oxide skin, rust Erosion product, and change aluminum alloy surface state;

S2, film forming: the substrate coupons processed through step S1 is immersed 40s in treatment fluid, is placed under infrared lamp baking 2min;Repeat dipping 30s, be placed under infrared lamp baking 1min;

Wherein, the configuration of described treatment fluid is as follows: add appropriate basic zirconium chloride in appropriate distilled water, metatitanic acid is made Solution A, is sequentially added into sulphuric acid, hydroxy ethylene diphosphonic acid and ATMP in solution A, makes solution B, In solution B, add ultra-pure water water be settled to 1000ml, by ammonia regulation solution ph to 7.5~8.5;

S3, prepares photosensitive antibacterial oil paint film:

A. antimicrobial powder is prepared: weigh 10g urea amine, 10g ammonium hydrogen carbonate, 5g ammonium chloride and 15g dispersant cetyl three Methyl bromide ammonium, adds 1000ml ultra-pure water, rocks 1~2min, adds 5g NaCl, rocks 30min, adds 1mol/L NaOH Solution regulation pH value, to 8.5~9.5, uses stretched long-neck dropper dropping AgNO3 solution, rocks 30min, be labeled as molten Liquid A;

B. the solution A that will prepare in step A adds 10ml TiO2 solution, adds 10ml zirconium phosphate, in 50~60 DEG C Water-bath, obtains solution B;

C. solution A and solution B being mixed according to the ratio of 2:1, configuration obtains solution C;3g titanium dioxide is added in solution C Silicon-carbon nanotube, is placed in 70~80 DEG C of stirrings 1~2h on magnetic stirring apparatus, is added dropwise over tetraethyl orthosilicate, stir 2~3h, add Enter 20ml absolute ethyl alcohol and stirring 30min, above-mentioned solution is placed in 40Gy193Irradiate after 30min under Ir gamma-rays, be placed in 0.5~ Sucking filtration under 30KPa negative pressure, puts into 1000~1200 DEG C of calcinings 1~3h in Muffle furnace by filtrate, takes out cooling and grinds, crosses 1200 mesh Sieve and get final product;

S4, is brushed on the photosensitive antibacterium paint being prepared from through S3 by the base material processed through S2.

Experiment test:

(1) droplet test: salt spray test: corrosive liquid NaCl solution, concentration is 90~100mg/mL, pH value be 6.5~ 9.5, salt fog settling amount is 3.0ml/100cm3.h;Spraying 168h is a cycle continuously, measures the rate of corrosion of substrate surface.

After 168h salt air corrosion, the composite membrane system prepared of the inventive method is used not occur bubbling or the showing of depainting As;It is carried out continuously 2 all after dates, occurs in that the slightest diameter bubbling point less than 0.5mm, the rate of corrosion of substrate surface Less than 0.5%;Test carries out 4 all after dates, and the surface of composite membrane system occurs in that diameter is less than the bubbling point of 0.8mm, base The rate of corrosion on material surface is less than 5%.Therefore, after the photosensitive antibacterium paint of external coating of film forming, the composite membrane system of composition is big The big decay resistance that improve paint film, foaming and the peeling of composite membrane system are effectively suppressed, and show non- The decay resistance of Chang Youyi, test carries out 5 all after dates, and the rate of corrosion of substrate surface just reaches 10%.

(2) anti-microbial property test: detect this composite membrane antibacterial effect to escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Really.Result is as shown in table 1, table 2, table 3.

Table 1 composite membrane is to colibacillary bacteriostasis rate and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 99.99% 50 99.99% 60 99.99% 30min after 6 months 99.99%

Table 2 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of mycete and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 99% 50 99% 60 99% 30min after 6 months 99%

Table 3 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Test shows, when 20 minutes, this composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Reach 100%, show the anti-microbial property of excellence;After being exposed to the sun up to the natural environment of 6 months, 30min is interior to above-mentioned The bacteriostasis rate of antibacterial is all more than 96%, therefore, and the composite membrane that the method provided according to embodiments of the invention is prepared from There is the lasting fungistatic effect of excellence.

Result shows, the composite membrane system that the method utilizing the present invention to provide is prepared from has the anticorrosive of excellence and presses down The performance of bacterium.Synergism between the base material and the photosensitive antibacterium paint that processed containing titanium zirconium treatment fluid so that aluminum or Person's aluminum alloy surface obtains extraordinary protection.

Application scenarios 3

Fig. 1 is according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, include the first Guan Bi button 1 He Second Guan Bi button 2;First Guan Bi button 1 and the second Guan Bi button 2 mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button 1 In integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button 2 is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi button 1 snap close; Described first Guan Bi button 1 one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post 3 for connecting the second Guan Bi button 2;Below described first Guan Bi button 1 It is installed with a fixing body 4;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button 2 is provided with the lock for accommodating the projection 8 on the first Guan Bi button 1 Tight bar 7;Described fixing body 4 is provided with lock tooth 5 along its length.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Preferably, it is provided with two fixing bodies 4 below described second Guan Bi button 2.

Preferably, described second Guan Bi button 2 arcuate directions are provided with reflective groove 6.

Preferably, described first Guan Bi button 1 outer surface is painted with anti-corrosive antibacterial film;Described second Guan Bi button 2 appearance topcoating It is brushed with anti-corrosive antibacterial film.Fig. 2 is the preparation side of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment The process chart of method.With reference to Fig. 2, the preparation method of described anti-corrosive antibacterial film comprises the following steps:

S1, the process of base material: aluminum or aluminum alloy is polished bright through the silicon carbide paper of 500#~800#, uses ethanol respectively Clean with tap water, sequentially pass through oil removing and pickling processes, take out then with distilled water flushing, be placed at 40 DEG C drying;

Wherein, the formula of described oil removing solution is: sodium hydroxide, hexamethylene, sodium bicarbonate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Emulsifying agent, BTA, degreasing fluid temperature are 50~60 DEG C, the oil removing time is 30~45s;The formula of described acid solution For: 70%~80% 10 parts of sulphuric acid, 70%~1 part of 90% nitric acid, 3 parts of 50% potassium permanganate, 1% monoethanolamine, activation temperature Be 50~60 DEG C, soak time be 20~30s;The purpose of acid solution is to remove the oxide-film of aluminum alloy surface, oxide skin, rust Erosion product, and change aluminum alloy surface state;

S2, film forming: the substrate coupons processed through step S1 is immersed 40s in treatment fluid, is placed under infrared lamp baking 2min;Repeat dipping 30s, be placed under infrared lamp baking 1min;

Wherein, the configuration of described treatment fluid is as follows: add appropriate basic zirconium chloride in appropriate distilled water, metatitanic acid is made Solution A, is sequentially added into sulphuric acid, hydroxy ethylene diphosphonic acid and ATMP in solution A, makes solution B, In solution B, add ultra-pure water water be settled to 1000ml, by ammonia regulation solution ph to 7.5~8.5;

S3, prepares photosensitive antibacterial oil paint film:

A. antimicrobial powder is prepared: weigh 10g urea amine, 10g ammonium hydrogen carbonate, 5g ammonium chloride and 15g dispersant cetyl three Methyl bromide ammonium, adds 1000ml ultra-pure water, rocks 1~2min, adds 5g NaCl, rocks 30min, adds 1mol/L NaOH Solution regulation pH value, to 8.5~9.5, uses stretched long-neck dropper dropping AgNO3 solution, rocks 30min, be labeled as molten Liquid A;

B. the solution A that will prepare in step A adds 10ml TiO2 solution, adds 10ml zirconium phosphate, in 50~60 DEG C Water-bath, obtains solution B;

C. solution A and solution B being mixed according to the ratio of 2:1, configuration obtains solution C;3g titanium dioxide is added in solution C Silicon-carbon nanotube, is placed in 70~80 DEG C of stirrings 1~2h on magnetic stirring apparatus, is added dropwise over tetraethyl orthosilicate, stir 2~3h, add Enter 20ml absolute ethyl alcohol and stirring 30min, above-mentioned solution is placed in 40Gy193Irradiate after 30min under Ir gamma-rays, be placed in 0.5~ Sucking filtration under 30KPa negative pressure, puts into 1000~1200 DEG C of calcinings 1~3h in Muffle furnace by filtrate, takes out cooling and grinds, crosses 1200 mesh Sieve and get final product;

S4, is brushed on the photosensitive antibacterium paint being prepared from through S3 by the base material processed through S2.

Experiment test:

(1) droplet test: salt spray test: corrosive liquid NaCl solution, concentration is 90~100mg/mL, pH value be 6.5~ 9.5, salt fog settling amount is 3.0ml/100cm3.h;Spraying 168h is a cycle continuously, measures the rate of corrosion of substrate surface.

After 168h salt air corrosion, the composite membrane system prepared of the inventive method is used not occur bubbling or the showing of depainting As;It is carried out continuously 2 all after dates, occurs in that the slightest diameter bubbling point less than 0.5mm, the rate of corrosion of substrate surface Less than 0.5%;Test carries out 4 all after dates, and the surface of composite membrane system occurs in that diameter is less than the bubbling point of 0.8mm, base The rate of corrosion on material surface is less than 5%.Therefore, after the photosensitive antibacterium paint of external coating of film forming, the composite membrane system of composition is big The big decay resistance that improve paint film, foaming and the peeling of composite membrane system are effectively suppressed, and show non- The decay resistance of Chang Youyi, test carries out 5 all after dates, and the rate of corrosion of substrate surface just reaches 10%.

(2) anti-microbial property test: detect this composite membrane antibacterial effect to escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Really.Result is as shown in table 1, table 2, table 3.

Table 1 composite membrane is to colibacillary bacteriostasis rate and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 98% 50 98% 60 98% 30min after 6 months 98%

Table 2 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of mycete and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 99% 50 99% 60 99% 30min after 6 months 99%

Table 3 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Test shows, when 20 minutes, this composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Reach 100%, show the anti-microbial property of excellence;After being exposed to the sun up to the natural environment of 6 months, 30min is interior to above-mentioned The bacteriostasis rate of antibacterial is all more than 98%, therefore, and the composite membrane that the method provided according to embodiments of the invention is prepared from There is the lasting fungistatic effect of excellence.

Result shows, the composite membrane system that the method utilizing the present invention to provide is prepared from has the anticorrosive of excellence and presses down The performance of bacterium.Synergism between the base material and the photosensitive antibacterium paint that processed containing titanium zirconium treatment fluid so that aluminum or Person's aluminum alloy surface obtains extraordinary protection.

Application scenarios 4

Fig. 1 is according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, include the first Guan Bi button 1 He Second Guan Bi button 2;First Guan Bi button 1 and the second Guan Bi button 2 mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button 1 In integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button 2 is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi button 1 snap close; Described first Guan Bi button 1 one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post 3 for connecting the second Guan Bi button 2;Below described first Guan Bi button 1 It is installed with a fixing body 4;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button 2 is provided with the lock for accommodating the projection 8 on the first Guan Bi button 1 Tight bar 7;Described fixing body 4 is provided with lock tooth 5 along its length.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Preferably, it is provided with two fixing bodies 4 below described second Guan Bi button 2.

Preferably, described second Guan Bi button 2 arcuate directions are provided with reflective groove 6.

Preferably, described first Guan Bi button 1 outer surface is painted with anti-corrosive antibacterial film;Described second Guan Bi button 2 appearance topcoating It is brushed with anti-corrosive antibacterial film.Fig. 2 is the preparation side of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment The process chart of method.With reference to Fig. 2, the preparation method of described anti-corrosive antibacterial film comprises the following steps:

S1, the process of base material: aluminum or aluminum alloy is polished bright through the silicon carbide paper of 500#~800#, uses ethanol respectively Clean with tap water, sequentially pass through oil removing and pickling processes, take out then with distilled water flushing, be placed at 40 DEG C drying;

Wherein, the formula of described oil removing solution is: sodium hydroxide, hexamethylene, sodium bicarbonate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Emulsifying agent, BTA, degreasing fluid temperature are 50~60 DEG C, the oil removing time is 30~45s;The formula of described acid solution For: 70%~80% 10 parts of sulphuric acid, 70%~1 part of 90% nitric acid, 3 parts of 50% potassium permanganate, 1% monoethanolamine, activation temperature Be 50~60 DEG C, soak time be 20~30s;The purpose of acid solution is to remove the oxide-film of aluminum alloy surface, oxide skin, rust Erosion product, and change aluminum alloy surface state;

S2, film forming: the substrate coupons processed through step S1 is immersed 40s in treatment fluid, is placed under infrared lamp baking 2min;Repeat dipping 30s, be placed under infrared lamp baking 1min;

Wherein, the configuration of described treatment fluid is as follows: add appropriate basic zirconium chloride in appropriate distilled water, metatitanic acid is made Solution A, is sequentially added into sulphuric acid, hydroxy ethylene diphosphonic acid and ATMP in solution A, makes solution B, In solution B, add ultra-pure water water be settled to 1000ml, by ammonia regulation solution ph to 7.5~8.5;

S3, prepares photosensitive antibacterial oil paint film:

A. antimicrobial powder is prepared: weigh 10g urea amine, 10g ammonium hydrogen carbonate, 5g ammonium chloride and 15g dispersant cetyl three Methyl bromide ammonium, adds 1000ml ultra-pure water, rocks 1~2min, adds 5g NaCl, rocks 30min, adds 1mol/L NaOH Solution regulation pH value, to 8.5~9.5, uses stretched long-neck dropper dropping AgNO3 solution, rocks 30min, be labeled as molten Liquid A;

B. the solution A that will prepare in step A adds 10ml TiO2 solution, adds 10ml zirconium phosphate, in 50~60 DEG C Water-bath, obtains solution B;

C. solution A and solution B being mixed according to the ratio of 2:1, configuration obtains solution C;3g titanium dioxide is added in solution C Silicon-carbon nanotube, is placed in 70~80 DEG C of stirrings 1~2h on magnetic stirring apparatus, is added dropwise over tetraethyl orthosilicate, stir 2~3h, add Enter 20ml absolute ethyl alcohol and stirring 30min, above-mentioned solution is placed in 40Gy193Irradiate after 30min under Ir gamma-rays, be placed in 0.5~ Sucking filtration under 30KPa negative pressure, puts into 1000~1200 DEG C of calcinings 1~3h in Muffle furnace by filtrate, takes out cooling and grinds, crosses 1200 mesh Sieve and get final product;

S4, is brushed on the photosensitive antibacterium paint being prepared from through S3 by the base material processed through S2.

Experiment test:

(1) droplet test: salt spray test: corrosive liquid NaCl solution, concentration is 90~100mg/mL, pH value be 6.5~ 9.5, salt fog settling amount is 3.0ml/100cm3.h;Spraying 168h is a cycle continuously, measures the rate of corrosion of substrate surface.

After 168h salt air corrosion, the composite membrane system prepared of the inventive method is used not occur bubbling or the showing of depainting As;It is carried out continuously 2 all after dates, occurs in that the slightest diameter bubbling point less than 0.5mm, the rate of corrosion of substrate surface Less than 0.5%;Test carries out 4 all after dates, and the surface of composite membrane system occurs in that diameter is less than the bubbling point of 0.8mm, base The rate of corrosion on material surface is less than 5%.Therefore, after the photosensitive antibacterium paint of external coating of film forming, the composite membrane system of composition is big The big decay resistance that improve paint film, foaming and the peeling of composite membrane system are effectively suppressed, and show non- The decay resistance of Chang Youyi, test carries out 5 all after dates, and the rate of corrosion of substrate surface just reaches 10%.

(2) anti-microbial property test: detect this composite membrane antibacterial effect to escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Really.Result is as shown in table 1, table 2, table 3.

Table 1 composite membrane is to colibacillary bacteriostasis rate and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 100% 50 100% 60 99.99% 30min after 6 months 99.99%

Table 2 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of mycete and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 99% 50 99% 60 99% 30min after 6 months 99%

Table 3 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 100% 50 100% 60 100% 30min after 6 months 99%

Test shows, when 20 minutes, this composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Reach 100%, show the anti-microbial property of excellence;After being exposed to the sun up to the natural environment of 6 months, 30min is interior to above-mentioned The bacteriostasis rate of antibacterial is all more than 99%, therefore, and the composite membrane that the method provided according to embodiments of the invention is prepared from There is the lasting fungistatic effect of excellence.

Result shows, the composite membrane system that the method utilizing the present invention to provide is prepared from has the anticorrosive of excellence and presses down The performance of bacterium.Synergism between the base material and the photosensitive antibacterium paint that processed containing titanium zirconium treatment fluid so that aluminum or Person's aluminum alloy surface obtains extraordinary protection.

Application scenarios 5

Fig. 1 is according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, include the first Guan Bi button 1 He Second Guan Bi button 2;First Guan Bi button 1 and the second Guan Bi button 2 mutually locking become the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button 1 In integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button 2 is in semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi button 1 snap close; Described first Guan Bi button 1 one end is provided with the first Guan Bi post 3 for connecting the second Guan Bi button 2;Below described first Guan Bi button 1 It is installed with a fixing body 4;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button 2 is provided with the lock for accommodating the projection 8 on the first Guan Bi button 1 Tight bar 7;Described fixing body 4 is provided with lock tooth 5 along its length.

The structure of the shackle that is locked that the above embodiment of the present invention provides is arranged rationally, thus solves above-mentioned technology Problem.

Preferably, it is provided with two fixing bodies 4 below described second Guan Bi button 2.

Preferably, described second Guan Bi button 2 arcuate directions are provided with reflective groove 6.

Preferably, described first Guan Bi button 1 outer surface is painted with anti-corrosive antibacterial film;Described second Guan Bi button 2 appearance topcoating It is brushed with anti-corrosive antibacterial film.Fig. 2 is the preparation side of the anti-corrosive antibacterial film according to the shackle that is locked shown in an exemplary embodiment The process chart of method.With reference to Fig. 2, the preparation method of described anti-corrosive antibacterial film comprises the following steps:

S1, the process of base material: aluminum or aluminum alloy is polished bright through the silicon carbide paper of 500#~800#, uses ethanol respectively Clean with tap water, sequentially pass through oil removing and pickling processes, take out then with distilled water flushing, be placed at 40 DEG C drying;

Wherein, the formula of described oil removing solution is: sodium hydroxide, hexamethylene, sodium bicarbonate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Emulsifying agent, BTA, degreasing fluid temperature are 50~60 DEG C, the oil removing time is 30~45s;The formula of described acid solution For: 70%~80% 10 parts of sulphuric acid, 70%~1 part of 90% nitric acid, 3 parts of 50% potassium permanganate, 1% monoethanolamine, activation temperature Be 50~60 DEG C, soak time be 20~30s;The purpose of acid solution is to remove the oxide-film of aluminum alloy surface, oxide skin, rust Erosion product, and change aluminum alloy surface state;

S2, film forming: the substrate coupons processed through step S1 is immersed 40s in treatment fluid, is placed under infrared lamp baking 2min;Repeat dipping 30s, be placed under infrared lamp baking 1min;

Wherein, the configuration of described treatment fluid is as follows: add appropriate basic zirconium chloride in appropriate distilled water, metatitanic acid is made Solution A, is sequentially added into sulphuric acid, hydroxy ethylene diphosphonic acid and ATMP in solution A, makes solution B, In solution B, add ultra-pure water water be settled to 1000ml, by ammonia regulation solution ph to 7.5~8.5;

S3, prepares photosensitive antibacterial oil paint film:

A. antimicrobial powder is prepared: weigh 10g urea amine, 10g ammonium hydrogen carbonate, 5g ammonium chloride and 15g dispersant cetyl three Methyl bromide ammonium, adds 1000ml ultra-pure water, rocks 1~2min, adds 5g NaCl, rocks 30min, adds 1mol/L NaOH Solution regulation pH value, to 8.5~9.5, uses stretched long-neck dropper dropping AgNO3 solution, rocks 30min, be labeled as molten Liquid A;

B. the solution A that will prepare in step A adds 10ml TiO2 solution, adds 10ml zirconium phosphate, in 50~60 DEG C Water-bath, obtains solution B;

C. solution A and solution B being mixed according to the ratio of 2:1, configuration obtains solution C;3g titanium dioxide is added in solution C Silicon-carbon nanotube, is placed in 70~80 DEG C of stirrings 1~2h on magnetic stirring apparatus, is added dropwise over tetraethyl orthosilicate, stir 2~3h, add Enter 20ml absolute ethyl alcohol and stirring 30min, above-mentioned solution is placed in 40Gy193Irradiate after 30min under Ir gamma-rays, be placed in 0.5~ Sucking filtration under 30KPa negative pressure, puts into 1000~1200 DEG C of calcinings 1~3h in Muffle furnace by filtrate, takes out cooling and grinds, crosses 1200 mesh Sieve and get final product;

S4, is brushed on the photosensitive antibacterium paint being prepared from through S3 by the base material processed through S2.

Experiment test:

(1) droplet test: salt spray test: corrosive liquid NaCl solution, concentration is 90~100mg/mL, pH value be 6.5~ 9.5, salt fog settling amount is 3.0ml/100cm3.h;Spraying 168h is a cycle continuously, measures the rate of corrosion of substrate surface.

After 168h salt air corrosion, the composite membrane system prepared of the inventive method is used not occur bubbling or the showing of depainting As;It is carried out continuously 2 all after dates, occurs in that the slightest diameter bubbling point less than 0.5mm, the rate of corrosion of substrate surface Less than 0.5%;Test carries out 4 all after dates, and the surface of composite membrane system occurs in that diameter is less than the bubbling point of 0.8mm, base The rate of corrosion on material surface is less than 5%.Therefore, after the photosensitive antibacterium paint of external coating of film forming, the composite membrane system of composition is big The big decay resistance that improve paint film, foaming and the peeling of composite membrane system are effectively suppressed, and show non- The decay resistance of Chang Youyi, test carries out 5 all after dates, and the rate of corrosion of substrate surface just reaches 10%.

(2) anti-microbial property test: detect this composite membrane antibacterial effect to escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Really.Result is as shown in table 1, table 2, table 3.

Table 1 composite membrane is to colibacillary bacteriostasis rate and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 96% 50 96% 60 96% 30min after 6 months 96%

Table 2 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of mycete and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Table 3 composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus and bacteriostasis rate when 30min after 6 months

Time of contact (min) Bacteriostasis rate 0 0 20 100% 30 99% 50 99% 60 99% 30min after 6 months 99%

Test shows, when 20 minutes, this composite membrane is to the bacteriostasis rate of escherichia coli, mycete and staphylococcus aureus Reach 100%, show the anti-microbial property of excellence;After being exposed to the sun up to the natural environment of 6 months, 30min is interior to above-mentioned The bacteriostasis rate of antibacterial is all more than 96%, therefore, and the composite membrane that the method provided according to embodiments of the invention is prepared from There is the lasting fungistatic effect of excellence.

Result shows, the composite membrane system that the method utilizing the present invention to provide is prepared from has the anticorrosive of excellence and presses down The performance of bacterium.Synergism between the base material and the photosensitive antibacterium paint that processed containing titanium zirconium treatment fluid so that aluminum or Person's aluminum alloy surface obtains extraordinary protection.

Last it should be noted that, above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme, rather than the present invention is protected Protecting the restriction of scope, although having made to explain to the present invention with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art should Work as understanding, technical scheme can be modified or equivalent, without deviating from the reality of technical solution of the present invention Matter and scope.

Claims (5)

1. be locked shackle, it is characterised in that includes the first Guan Bi button and the second Guan Bi button;First Guan Bi button and the second Guan Bi Button mutually locking becomes the shackle that is locked;Described first Guan Bi button in integrated semicircle, described second Guan Bi button in Semicircle that is one-body molded and that be connected with the first Guan Bi padlock button;Described first Guan Bi button one end is provided with to be closed for connection second Close the first Guan Bi post of button;The described first Guan Bi side of detaining is installed with a fixing body;The lower section of described second Guan Bi button is arranged There is the locking strip for accommodating the projection that the first Guan Bi is buckled;Described fixing body is provided with lock tooth along its length.
The shackle that is locked the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described second Guan Bi side of detaining is provided with two Fixing body.
The shackle that is locked the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that arrange along described second Guan Bi button arcuate directions There is reflective groove.
The shackle that is locked the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described first Guan Bi button outer surface is painted with preventing Rotten antibacterial film.
The shackle that is locked the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described second Guan Bi button outer surface is painted with preventing Rotten antibacterial film.
CN201610713211.9A 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 Be locked shackle CN106194972A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201281175Y (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-07-29 广东联塑科技实业有限公司 Novel multifunction pipe clip
CN201420899Y (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-03-10 王广贵 Combined hook
FR2909153B1 (en) * 2006-11-24 2010-10-22 Snecma Device for fixing an element
CN102996903A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-27 刘明 Combination cable shackle
CN103851267A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-11 刘明 Locking combined hook ring

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2909153B1 (en) * 2006-11-24 2010-10-22 Snecma Device for fixing an element
CN201281175Y (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-07-29 广东联塑科技实业有限公司 Novel multifunction pipe clip
CN201420899Y (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-03-10 王广贵 Combined hook
CN102996903A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-27 刘明 Combination cable shackle
CN103851267A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-11 刘明 Locking combined hook ring

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Application publication date: 20161207