CN106194220B - Chassis is installed with splash guard in tunnel - Google Patents

Chassis is installed with splash guard in tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106194220B
CN106194220B CN201610746002.4A CN201610746002A CN106194220B CN 106194220 B CN106194220 B CN 106194220B CN 201610746002 A CN201610746002 A CN 201610746002A CN 106194220 B CN106194220 B CN 106194220B
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China
Prior art keywords
splash guard
wheel
lifted
stand
main
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CN201610746002.4A
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CN106194220A (en
Inventor
冯桂珍
贾粮棉
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Shijiazhuang Tiedao University
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Shijiazhuang Tiedao University
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Priority to CN201610746002.4A priority Critical patent/CN106194220B/en
Publication of CN106194220A publication Critical patent/CN106194220A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/40Devices or apparatus specially adapted for handling or placing units of linings or supporting units for tunnels or galleries
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/38Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating
    • E21D11/381Setting apparatus or devices

Abstract

Chassis is installed with splash guard the invention discloses a kind of tunnel, belongs to technical field of tunnel construction.The present invention includes main body stand and running mechanism, and the both ends of main body stand are provided with the track of creeping of arc, and running mechanism is arranged on the bottom of main body stand, in addition to winding and development mechanism, Ding Ju mechanisms and Ru Wei mechanisms;Ding Ju mechanisms are fixedly linked with main body stand, and Ding Ju mechanisms are used to lift the good reinforcing bar top of the splash guard being fully deployed or colligation in place;The Ru Wei mechanisms are connected to main body stand door frame lower end, and Ru Wei mechanisms place coiled splash guard using drawer-type structure, for making splash guard enter position and providing support for splash guard winding expansion;Winding and development mechanism include reel, clamping structure, crawling structure, and reel uses sectional.Entirety of the invention pushes up act, function rapid translating, rack levels can adjust, rail mounted traveling, and the laying and reinforcing bar top that can carry out wide cut splash guard are lifted.

Description

Chassis is installed with splash guard in tunnel
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of tunnel construction, more particularly to a kind of tunnel to install chassis with splash guard.
Background technology
China's tunnel water handling uses combined type supporting and liner structure mostly, and positioned at preliminary bracing and secondary lining it Between splash guard laying be tunnel water proofing technology core and key, the integral waterproofing effect of the construction quality of splash guard to tunnel It is most important.At present, splash guard installation apparatus in China's generallys include following two situations:
(1) it is most to use Simple welding stand, and arrange in pairs or groups and manually laid, low construction efficiency, worker's work be present by force The problems such as degree is big, laying quality is poor, security is low.
(2) be directed to the deficiency of Simple welding stand, the domestic installation apparatus to splash guard also carried out corresponding development and Exploitation, and applied in tunnel water handling engineering.
Existing splash guard installation apparatus has the following disadvantages:
(1) most of existing splash guard chassis is the splash guard laying for 4 meters of conventional breadth, and for 7 meters wide Wide cut splash guard laying chassis is seldom;
(2) existing splash guard laying chassis majority is used only for laying the single construction operation of splash guard, and function is relatively simple, Equipment interoperability is relatively low;
(3) existing splash guard chassis laying splash guard, mostly using splash guard is fixed on into side, draws exhibition from below to up The paving mode opened, this mode easily damage splash guard in process of deployment due to drawing, especially for 7 meters of breadth Splash guard.Meanwhile this paving mode is higher to requirements such as the ring elasticity of splash guard, longitudinal flatness.To every volume waterproof The Size calculation required precision of coiled sheet is higher.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of tunnel splash guard installation chassis, and it integrally pushes up act, work( Energy rapid translating, rack levels are adjustable, rail mounted traveling, can carry out the laying of wide cut splash guard and the top of reinforcing bar is lifted.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:Chassis is installed in a kind of tunnel with splash guard, Including main body stand and running mechanism, the both ends of main body stand are provided with the track of creeping of arc, and running mechanism is arranged on main body The bottom of stand, in addition to winding and development mechanism, Ding Ju mechanisms and Ru Wei mechanisms;Ding Ju mechanisms and main body stand stationary phase Even, Ding Ju mechanisms are used to lift the good reinforcing bar top of the splash guard being fully deployed or colligation in place;The Ru Wei mechanisms are connected to master Object table frame door frame lower end, Ru Wei mechanisms place coiled splash guard using drawer-type structure, for making splash guard enter position and being anti- Water coiled sheet provides support around expansion;
The winding and development mechanism include reel, clamping structure, crawling structure, and the reel uses sectional, wraps Right connection part, left connection part and some middle linkage sections, the both ends welding flange of each linkage section are included, each linkage section passes through spiral shell Bolt pair links together;It is mounted on winding motor in the left and right ends of reel, the spool shaft of reel and winding motor passes through connection Axle device is connected;
The quantity of the clamping structure is identical with reel hop count, and each linkage section one end reel of reel is arranged on by installing plate Interior, the clamping structure is powered off and in clamping and releasing orientation by electromagnet;
The crawling structure is a pair, is connected respectively with the left and right ends of reel by shaft coupling, straddled in track of creeping On, crawling structure is oriented to using chain wheel drive, two-wheeled supports, four-wheel hangs upside down back locking structure, the winding and development mechanism energy edge Track of creeping moves, and being synchronously driven to winding and development mechanism the offer driving by two inchworm motors is oriented to.
Further technical scheme, the clamping structure include clamping press plate, spring, plate, connecting plate, electromagnet, electricity Magnet is installed on a mounting board, and installing plate is arranged on the ring flange of reel ends, and one end of connecting plate and electromagnet pass through the One bearing pin is rotatablely connected, and the other end of connecting plate is rotatablely connected by the second bearing pin and plate, and clamping press plate is with plate by turning Axle is rotatedly connected, and one end and the installing plate of the rotating shaft are rotatedly connected, and spring is torsion spring, and spring is arranged in rotating shaft, and the one of spring End is stuck on clamping press plate, and on a mounting board, the electromagnet is pull-type frame-type DC electromagnet to the other end card of spring, is powered When electromagnet drive connecting plate move downward, so as to drive plate to overcome acting force of the spring to unclamp clamping press plate, so as to unclamp Splash guard;When electromagnet powers off, splash guard clamping structure is in clamped condition, by waterproof board clamping.
Further technical scheme, the crawling structure include crawl frame, inchworm motor, projecting wheel, support wheel, sprocket wheel; The sprocket wheel is arranged in the drive shaft of inchworm motor, and drive shaft is arranged on crawl frame, sprocket wheel and the chain creeped on track Engagement, inchworm motor provide power for crawling structure, and sprocket wheel is oriented to for crawling structure;Support wheel is a pair, by supporting wheel shaft Set up separately on crawl frame and symmetrically in the front and rear sides of drive shaft, form supporting construction when creeping;Projecting totally 4 groups of wheel, It is symmetrically mounted on by wheel shaft below support wheel, on the inside of track of creeping, forms reverse locking structure, it is above-mentioned to form crawling structure The chain wheel drive of use is oriented to, two-wheeled supports, four-wheel hangs upside down back locking structure.
Further technical scheme, is additionally provided with the regulation locking mechanism of projecting wheel, and regulation locking mechanism includes being welded on climbing Fixing nut on row frame, the holding nut on projecting wheel shaft and regulating bolt, regulating bolt pass through fixing nut Holding nut can be withstood upwards, and projecting wheel and the gap for track of creeping are adjusted by regulating bolt, pass through locking screw after adjustment Mother's locking.
Further technical scheme, the Ding Ju mechanisms include 2 groups of horizontal top acts, 2 groups of oblique tops are lifted and 1 group is pushed up vertically Lift, top is lifted vertically and oblique top lifts the square flange welded respectively by overcoat and oblique top act overcoat end and is arranged on main body stand On, level top, which is lifted, lifts overcoat end by horizontal top and is hinged with main body stand, and 5 groups of tops acts are radial to be uniformly arranged on main body platform On frame, every group of top, which is lifted, includes 1 push rod, the axial line of push rod and the axis parallel of main body stand, and 5 groups of tops are lifted to be passed through respectively Each independent hydraulic jack driving push rod, makes 5 push rods be evenly distributed in the cambered surface matched with tunnel contour inner surface, will The splash guard of expansion or the good reinforcing bar top of colligation are lifted in place.
Further technical scheme, the vertical top lift includes a push rod, two vertical top act oil cylinders, two joints and Two overcoats, two overcoats are divided into the both ends of push rod and are installed on main body stand, and inner sleeve is provided with overcoat at one end, Elongated hole inner sleeve is provided with the overcoat of the other end, two vertical tops are lifted oil cylinder and are separately mounted in inner sleeve and elongated hole inner sleeve, two The piston rod that oil cylinder is lifted on vertical top is rotatedly connected with corresponding inner sleeve and elongated hole inner sleeve respectively, and the cylinder of oil cylinder is lifted on two vertical tops Body is rotatedly connected with corresponding overcoat respectively, and nylon cushion block is provided between inner sleeve and elongated hole inner sleeve and corresponding overcoat;
The lower end of two joints is respectively with applying mechanically the connection of the 4th bearing pin, the upper end and top of joint in corresponding inner sleeve and elongated hole The both ends of bar are rotatedly connected by bearing, and push rod is connected together by the 5th bearing pin with nipple pin, and quick change pin is plugged on the 5th bearing pin Outer end, for locking;When rotating push rod, quick change pin need to be unclamped, pulls up the 5th bearing pin, push rod overturns 180 °, is loaded on the 5th Bearing pin, quick change pin is locked, complete top and lift splash guard and the rapid translating of reinforcing bar function;
The structure that level top is lifted and oblique top is lifted with top is lifted vertically is a difference in that:Oil cylinder is lifted on level top and oblique top lifts oil cylinder It is different from the stroke that oil cylinder is lifted on vertical top.
Further technical scheme, the push rod intermediate support portions are rectangular tube, and the bread of rectangular tube three covers rubber blanket, are used In top lift splash guard when shield, another side welding bracing frame, for colligation and top lift reinforcing bar when from positioning and support make With.
Splash guard is placed using drawer-type structure by further technical scheme, Ru Wei mechanisms, and splash guard Ru Wei mechanisms include Multiple directive wheels, support, multiple roll assemblies, multiple rollers, chute and handle, wherein roller are arranged on the bottom of support, lead Sidepiece to wheel installed in support, bottom land of the roller along chute roll, and two madial walls of the directive wheel along chute roll, roll assembly Installed in the top of support, the curved arrangement of roller of each roll assembly, for placing coiled splash guard, by hand push Support is drawn, splash guard is entered position.
It is using beneficial effect caused by above-mentioned technical proposal:
(1) using the paving mode of " first entire volume is wound, progressively expansion, finally overall top act again ", it is more beneficial for ensureing width The laying quality of width splash guard;
(2) winding and development mechanism adjust span by increasing and decreasing reel linkage section, are not only adapted to commonly use as absolute construction 4 meters of breadth splash guard laying, be also suitable for 7 meters of wide cut splash guards laying chassis, also can be from the waterproof of different breadth width Pallet car is supporting;
(3) it is oriented to using two-wheeled support, chain wheel drive, the projecting winding and development mechanism locked of four-wheel, it is compact-sized, apply Work efficiency high;
(4) plug quick change pin rotation push rod and realize that wide cut splash guard lifts being switched fast for function with reinforcing bar top;
(5) Ding Ju mechanisms are respective absolute construction, are more convenient for lifting splash guard top in place;
(6) the big headroom in left and right, six point-supported gantry type main body stands of longitudinal direction, Stability Analysis of Structures good by property, manufacturing process Simply;
(7) adjustable for height main body stand and rail mounted traveling, operation coverage is big, and equipment interoperability is good.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 left view;
Fig. 3 is the front view of winding and development mechanism;
Fig. 4 is that Fig. 3 removes the C direction views after reel;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 B-B sectional views;
Fig. 6 is the front view of reel and clamping structure;
Fig. 7 is that Fig. 6 removes the right view after right connection part;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 A-A sectional views;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 7 D-D expansion sectional views;
Figure 10 is the fundamental diagram of clamping structure;
Figure 11 is the structure chart of Ding Ju mechanisms;
Figure 12 is the structure chart that vertical top is lifted;
Figure 13 is Figure 12 E-E sectional views;
Figure 14 is the structure chart that oblique top is lifted;
Figure 15 is the structure chart that horizontal top is lifted;
Figure 16 is the power and energy figure that vertical top is lifted;
Figure 17 is the front view of Ru Wei mechanisms;
Figure 18 is Figure 17 top view;
Figure 19 is Figure 17 F-F sectional views;
Figure 20 is Figure 17 H-H sectional views;
In figure:1- running mechanisms, 2- main bodys stand, 3- winding and development mechanism, 4- Ding Ju mechanisms, 5- Ru Wei mechanisms, 301- electric slip rings, 302- spool shafts, 303- winding motors, 304- clutch shaft bearings, 305- clutch shaft bearings lid, 306- crawl frames, 307- sleeves, 308- sprocket wheels, 309- shaft couplings, 310- reels, 311- second bearings lid, 312- drive shafts, 313- second bearings, 314- hangs upside down wheel, 315- holding nuts, 316- hang upside down wheel shaft, 317- regulating bolts, 318- fixing nuts, 31801- locking screws Female, 319- creep track, 320- inchworm motors, 321- supports wheel shaft, 322- support wheels, 323- 3rd bearings, 324- axle sleeves, 325- chains, 3101- right connection parts, 3102- centres linkage section, 3103- left connection parts, 3104- clamping structures, 3105- bolts Pair, 31041- clamping press plates, 31042- springs, 31043- plates, the bearing pins of 31044- second, 31045- connecting plates, 31046- One bearing pin, 31047- electromagnet, 31048- installing plates, the screws of 31049- first, the screws of 310410- second, the spiral shells of 310411- second Mother, the nuts of 310412- first, 6- splash guards, 41- push up act vertically, 42- oblique tops are lifted, 43- levels push up act, in 401- overcoats, 402- Set, 403- joints, 404- bearings, 405- push rods, 4051- rubber blankets, 4052- support frames, the round nuts of 406- first, 407- first Stop washer, 408- elongated holes inner sleeve, the bearing pins of 409- the 5th, 410- quick changes pin, the bearing pins of 411- the 4th, the round nuts of 412- second, The stop washers of 413- second, the bearing pins of 414- the 3rd, the round nuts of 415- the 3rd, the stop washers of 416- the 3rd, 417- top lift oil cylinder, 418- nylon cushion block, 7- reinforcing bars, the screws of 419- the 3rd, 420- packing rings, 421- oblique tops lift overcoat, 422- oblique tops lift inner sleeve, 427- Oblique top lifts the horizontal top act overcoat of oil cylinder, 431-, the horizontal tops of 432- lift horizontal push up of inner sleeve, 437- and lift oil cylinder, 501- directive wheels, 502- Support, 503- roll assemblies, 504- rollers, 505- chutes, 506- channel-section steels, 507- handles.
Embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
The present invention provides a kind of tunnel as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 and installs chassis with splash guard 6, including main body stand 2 and walks Row mechanism 1, the both ends of main body stand 2 are provided with the track 319 of creeping of arc, and running mechanism 1 is arranged on the bottom of main body stand 2 Portion, in addition to winding and development mechanism 3, Ding Ju mechanisms 4 and Ru Wei mechanisms 5;Ding Ju mechanisms 4 are fixedly linked with main body stand 2, top Mechanism 4 is lifted to be used to the good reinforcing bar 7 of the splash guard 6 of expansion or colligation pushing up act in place;The Ru Wei mechanisms 5 are connected to main body stand 2 door frame lower ends, Ru Wei mechanisms 5 place coiled splash guard 6 using drawer-type structure, for making splash guard enter position and being splash guard Winding expansion provides support.
Winding and development mechanism 3 are one of core components of this chassis, as shown in figure 3, including reel 310, clamping structure 3104th, crawling structure, wind, draw and deploy for wide cut splash guard.Clamping structure 3104 is arranged on each section of reel ends, For splash guard one end to be clamped in into reel, reel 310 drives winding by winding motor 303 and broadcasts splash guard.It is described Reel 310 is as shown in fig. 6, using sectional, for winding wide cut splash guard, and as the rotation during splash guard expansion Axle, including right connection part 3101, left connection part 3103 and some middle linkage sections 3102, the both ends welding of each linkage section Blue disk, each linkage section are linked together by bolt pair 3105;Winding motor 303 is mounted in the left and right ends of reel 310, Reel 310 is connected with winding motor 303 by spool shaft 302 and shaft coupling 309;The clamping structure 3104 passes through installing plate 31048 are arranged in each linkage section one end reel of reel, powered off and in clamping and release shape by electromagnet 31047 State;The crawling structure is a pair, is supported on the left and right ends of reel 310, crawling structure is oriented to using chain wheel drive, two-wheeled branch Support, four-wheel hang upside down back locking structure, and crawling structure, which straddles, is creeping on track 319, and the winding and development mechanism 3 can be along rails of creeping Road 319 moves, and being synchronously driven to the winding and development mechanism 3 by two inchworm motors 320 provides driving guiding.The winding The top of crawl frame 306 is supported on development mechanism 3, using the wide cut of " first entire volume winding, progressively expansion, last overall top are lifted again " Splash guard paving mode, it is more beneficial for ensureing the laying quality of wide cut splash guard;Winding and development mechanism 3 are used as absolute construction, Middle linkage section 3102 by increasing and decreasing reel 310 can adjust the overall span of winding and development mechanism 3 so that the part can Splash guard to be applied to different breadths as absolute construction is laid, namely is matched somebody with somebody for the splash guard chassis of different breadth width Nested structure;As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, supported using two-wheeled, chain wheel drive guiding, the projecting winding and development mechanism 3 locked of four-wheel, Compact-sized, efficiency of construction is high.Track 319 of creeping is H steel profile modeling rails, using the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of two siding tracks, per siding track Road is connected with forming by 4 pieces of arc tracks by middle connecting plate, and two siding tracks are fixed on main body stand 2 by tie-beam On, chain 325 is installed, crawling structure is nibbled when being walked along track 319 of creeping by sprocket wheel 308 and chain 325 on track 319 of creeping Driving is closed to be oriented to.Creep the both ends of track 319 be provided with crawling structure Limit screw, prevent crawling structure from being taken off at track both ends Rail.
As shown in figure 3, the crawling structure include crawl frame 306, inchworm motor 320, projecting wheel 314, support wheel 322, Sprocket wheel 308;The sprocket wheel 308 is arranged in the drive shaft 312 of inchworm motor 320, and drive shaft 312 is arranged on crawl frame 306, Sprocket wheel 308 engages with the chain 325 creeped on track 319, and inchworm motor 320 provides power for crawling structure, and sprocket wheel 308 is to climb Row structure directing;Support wheel 322 is a pair, by supporting wheel shaft 321 to be arranged on crawl frame 306 and symmetrically setting up separately in drive shaft 312 front and rear sides, form supporting construction when creeping;Projecting totally 4 groups of wheel 314, support wheel is symmetrically mounted on by wheel shaft 316 322 lower sections, the inner side of track 319 of creeping, form reverse locking structure.
Present invention also offers a kind of regulation locking mechanism of projecting wheel 314, regulation locking mechanism includes being welded on creeping Fixing nut 318 on frame 306, the holding nut 315 on projecting wheel shaft 316 and regulating bolt 317, regulating bolt 317 can withstand holding nut 315 upwards through fixing nut 318, and projecting wheel 314 is adjusted with creeping by regulating bolt 317 The gap of the inner side of track 319, is locked after adjustment by locking nut 31801.
As shown in Fig. 7-Figure 10, the clamping structure 3104 include clamping press plate 31041, spring 31042, plate 31043, Connecting plate 31045, electromagnet 31047, electromagnet 31047 are arranged on installing plate 31048, and installing plate 31048 is arranged on reel On the ring flange of end, one end of connecting plate 31045 is rotatablely connected with electromagnet 31047 by the first bearing pin 31046, connecting plate 31045 other end is rotatablely connected by the second bearing pin 31044 with plate 31043, and clamping press plate 31041 is logical with plate 31043 Cross axis of rotation to be connected, one end and the installing plate 31048 of the rotating shaft are rotatedly connected, and spring 31042 is torsion spring, and spring 31042 is pacified In rotating shaft, one end of spring 31042 is stuck on clamping press plate 31041, and the other end of spring 31042 is stuck in installing plate On 31048, the electromagnet 31047 is pull-type frame-type DC electromagnet, and electromagnet 31047 drives connecting plate 31045 during energization Move downward, so as to drive plate 31043 to overcome the active force of spring 31042 to unclamp clamping press plate 31041, so as to unclamp waterproof Plate 6;When electromagnet 31047 powers off, clamping structure 3104 is in clamped condition, and splash guard 6 is clamped.
Reference picture 10, wherein solid line are that clamping structure 3104 is in clamped condition, double dot dash line when electromagnet 31047 powers off Releasing orientation during to be powered.Electromagnet 31047 pulls downward on during energization, drives plate 31043 to move by connecting plate 31045, dials The spindle portion of plate 31043 and clamping press plate 31041 is coordinated by nicked pin-and-hole, and pressure is clamped so as to which plate 31043 drives Plate 31041 rotates in the top unthreaded hole of installing plate 31048, and clamping press plate 31041 unclamps splash guard 6.During power-off, electromagnet 31047 reset, and the pretightning force of spring 31042 prevents clamping press plate 31041 from being rotated when being in clamped condition.
Figure 11 is refer to, the Ding Ju mechanisms 4 include 5 groups of tops and lifted, and the specific embodiment that the present invention is shown is by 2 groups of water Flat-top lifts 43,2 groups of 42 and 1 groups of oblique tops acts and pushes up the composition of act 41 vertically, and vertical top act 41 and oblique top lift 42 and pass through the He of overcoat 401 respectively The square flange that oblique top lifts the welding of the end of overcoat 421 is arranged on main body stand 2, and horizontal top lifts 43 and pushes up act overcoat by level 431 ends are be hinged with main body stand 2, and 5 groups of tops acts are radial to be uniformly arranged on main body stand 2, and every group of top, which is lifted, includes 1 Push rod 405, the axial line of push rod 405 and the axis parallel of main body stand 2,5 groups of tops are lifted respectively by each independent hydraulic pressure Hydraulic oil cylinder driving push rod 405,5 push rods 405 are made to be evenly distributed in the cambered surface matched with tunnel contour inner surface, by the anti-of expansion Water plate 6 or the good top of reinforcing bar 7 of colligation are lifted in place.For avoid crawling structure along track 319 of creeping walk when, reel 310 and thereon Waterproof coiled sheet interfere with Ding Ju mechanisms 4, every group of top should be made to lift the installation site of the push rod 405 of end and controlled in track of creeping In the range of 319 maximum external arcs, so as to increase integrally-built the passing through property of chassis.
Reference picture 12,13, the vertical top lift 41 and lift oil cylinder including the joint 403, two of push rod 405, two top 417th, two overcoats, 401, inner sleeves 402 and an elongated hole inner sleeve 408, two of which top 417, two overcoats 401 of act oil cylinder, One inner sleeve 402 and an elongated hole inner sleeve 408 form top and lift driving structure;One joint 403, two the 5th of push rod 405, two Bearing pin 409 and two quick change pins 410 form top and lift supporting constructions, top lift supporting construction by the joint 403 at both ends respectively with top Driving structure is lifted to be connected with the 4th bearing pin 411.
Reference picture 14,15, level top lifts 43 and oblique top lifts 42 top act supporting construction and 41 identical, tops are lifted on vertical top Act driving structure is similar, wherein the stroke that horizontal top act oil cylinder 437 and oblique top act oil cylinder 427 lift oil cylinder 417 from pushing up is different.Accordingly Ground, inner sleeve 432 is lifted on level top and overcoat 431 is lifted on horizontal top and oblique top lift inner sleeve 422 and oblique top act overcoat 421 respectively with level Oil cylinder 437 is lifted on top and oblique top act oil cylinder 427 is corresponding.
Wherein, 41 inner sleeve 402 is lifted on vertical top, the structure of elongated hole inner sleeve 408 and overcoat 401 is square-section, inner sleeve 402 Cover plate is welded with one end of elongated hole inner sleeve 408, the connecting plate with joint 403 is welded with the outside of cover plate, is welded with the inside of cover plate The connecting plate of the piston rod of oil cylinder 417 is lifted with top;The one end of overcoat 401 is welded with the square flange plate being connected with main body stand 2, method The connecting plate for the cylinder body that oil cylinder 417 is lifted with top is welded with the inside of blue plate.2 top lift oil cylinders 417 respectively with inner sleeve 402 and elongated hole Set 408 is rotatedly connected, and the cylinder body that oil cylinder 417 is lifted on 2 tops is rotatedly connected with overcoat 401 respectively, and 2 tops are lifted oil cylinder 417 and are divided into The both ends of support are lifted on top, the installation of oil cylinder 417 are lifted for ease of top, inner sleeve 402, elongated hole inner sleeve 408 and overcoat 401 are in the 3rd bearing pin Mounting hole is opened up at 414, the wherein mounting hole in elongated hole inner sleeve 408 is strip hole, the junction is had activity.Inner sleeve 402 It is divided into elongated hole inner sleeve 408 in overcoat 401, avoids top from lifting oil cylinder 417 and bear moment of flexure, play dust-proof and protective effect, while just It is arranged in Ding Ju mechanisms on main body stand 2.Respectively there are 8 nylon cushion blocks 418 on vertical top between lifting the inner-outer sleeve at 41 both ends, wherein 8 nylon cushion blocks 418 are connected to the lower end of inner sleeve 402 and elongated hole inner sleeve 408,8 Buddhist nuns by the 3rd screw 419 and packing ring 420 Imperial cushion block 418 is connected to the upper end of overcoat 401 by the 3rd screw 419 and packing ring 420, as shown in figure 13, inside and outside for reducing Friction between set, extend the service life of inner-outer sleeve.
The both ends of joint 403 and push rod 405 that the vertical top lifts 41 are rotatedly connected by bearing, and the 5th bearing pin 409 will Push rod 405 is together with the pin joint of joint 403, and quick change pin 410 is plugged on the outer end of the 5th bearing pin 409, for locking.Push rod 405 Intermediate support portions are rectangular tube, and both ends are welded to connect axle, for being connected with joint 403;The bread of rectangular tube three covers rubber blanket 4051, for push up lift splash guard 6 when shield, another side welding bracing frame 4052, for colligation and top lift reinforcing bar 7 when from Positioning and supporting role;When rotating push rod 405, quick change pin 410 need to be unclamped, pulls up the 5th bearing pin 409, push rod 405 overturns 180 °, The 5th bearing pin 409, locking quick change pin 410 are loaded on, splash guard 6 and reinforcing bar 7 are lifted in the rapid translating top for completing function.The present invention with Vertical top illustrates transfer process exemplified by lifting 41, as shown in figure 16, unclamps the quick change pin 410 at the both ends of push rod 405, pulls up the 5th bearing pin 409, push rod 405 can manual ease rotation, push rod 405 is overturn 180 °, push rod 405 is welded with the side of support frame 4052 Outwardly, the 5th bearing pin 409 is loaded on, locking quick change pin 410, reinforcing bar 7 is positioned to fixation in support frame 4052, by pushing up act machine Structure lifts on reinforcing bar top in place, realizes the rapid translating of function.Level top act 43 and oblique top lift the 42 conversion sides with vertical top act 41 Method is identical.Plug quick change pin rotates push rod and realizes that wide cut splash guard lifts being switched fast for function with reinforcing bar top.
Splash guard 6 is placed using drawer-type structure by Ru Wei mechanisms 5, and as shown in figures 17 to 20, Ru Wei mechanisms 5 include multiple lead Installed to wheel 501, support 502, multiple roll assemblies 503, multiple rollers 504, chute 505 and handle 507, wherein roller 504 In the bottom of support 502, directive wheel 501 is arranged on the sidepiece of support 502, and bottom land of the roller 504 along chute 505 is rolled, be oriented to Two madial walls of the wheel 501 along chute 505 roll, and roll assembly 503 is arranged on the top of support 502, each roll assembly 503 The curved arrangement of roller, for placing coiled splash guard 6, by the push-and-pull support 502 of handle 507, splash guard is set to enter position.
Running mechanism 1 uses rail mounted traveling, to avoid separately laying track, can use and two lining chassis identical rails Away from.Running mechanism is using two pair of wheel sets, four-point supporting layout structure, driving wheel and each two of driven pulley.Drive wheel group is by motor Driving, driven wheels are driven to move by chain drive, so that whole trolley movement.
Main body stand 2 is the portal framed structure of adjustment height, is made up of door frame, workbench and artificial ladder etc., is each The carrier of core component, and the supporting construction of whole chassis, the big headroom in left and right, six point-supported gantry type main body stands of longitudinal direction 2, both ensure passing through for large engineering vehicle and carrier loader, and ensure integrally-built stability again.Agent structure is by type Steel is made, and is connected by flange, has Stability Analysis of Structures, manufacturing process is simple, material source is convenient, installs the characteristics of quick;It is high Adjustable main body stand 2 and rail mounted traveling are spent, operation coverage is big, and equipment interoperability is good.
Primary structure of the present invention includes winding and development mechanism, Ding Ju mechanisms and Ru Wei mechanisms three parts core texture, with And traveling and main body stand two parts supplementary structure.Winding and development mechanism include reel, clamping structure and crawling structure three Point, the span of winding and development mechanism can be adjusted by increasing and decreasing reel interlude, to adapt to the splash guard of different breadth width Chassis.Ding Ju mechanisms include multi-functional push rod, joint, top act oil cylinder, inner-outer sleeve etc., and Ru Wei mechanisms pass through " drawer " mode push-and-pull Wide cut waterproof coiled sheet is placed in position, splash guard one end is fixed on reel by clamping structure, motor driving is complete by splash guard Portion is wound up on reel, splash guard is deployed into Ding Ju mechanisms by crawling structure band movable reel, Ding Ju mechanisms are by expansion Lift and welded at tunnel contour in splash guard top.
Its splash guard paving mode is as follows:First the arc roller support sections of Ru Wei mechanisms is pulled out, and by entire volume wide cut Splash guard is placed wherein, then shifts Ru Wei mechanisms onto original position.Winding and development mechanism is set to be located at the lower-left end for track of creeping, will Splash guard one end is fixed on reel by clamping structure, and winding motor driving reel completes whole windings of splash guard, creeps Splash guard is deployed into Ding Ju mechanisms, the top lifted by each group top is lifted oil cylinder and driven respectively respectively by structure along track travel of creeping Group top is lifted, and the splash guard top of expansion is lifted at tunnel contour and welded;The laying of one width finishes, Ding Ju mechanisms, winding and exhibition Opening mechanism resets respectively, whole chassis is run to next width by running mechanism and lays station, repeat above-mentioned process of deployment.
The explanation of above example is only intended to help and understands the present invention, it is noted that for the technology of the art For personnel, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also some improvement be carried out to the present invention, these improvement also fall into this In invention scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. chassis, including main body stand (2) and running mechanism (1), the both ends of main body stand (2) are installed in a kind of tunnel with splash guard The track of creeping (319) of arc is installed, running mechanism (1) is arranged on the bottom of main body stand (2), it is characterised in that also wraps Include winding and development mechanism (3), Ding Ju mechanisms (4) and Ru Wei mechanisms (5);Ding Ju mechanisms (4) and main body stand (2) stationary phase Even, Ding Ju mechanisms (4) are used to lift good reinforcing bar (7) top of the splash guard (6) being fully deployed or colligation in place;The Ru Wei mechanisms (5) main body stand (2) door frame lower end is connected to, Ru Wei mechanisms (5) place coiled splash guard (6) using drawer-type structure, use Support is provided in making splash guard (6) enter position and wind expansion for splash guard (6);
The winding and development mechanism (3) include reel (310), clamping structure (3104), crawling structure, the reel (310) Using sectional, including right connection part (3101), left connection part (3103) and some middle linkage sections (3102), each connection The both ends welding flange of section, each linkage section are linked together by bolt pair (3105);It is equal in the left and right ends of reel (310) Winding motor (303) is installed, the spool shaft (302) of reel (310) and winding motor (303) passes through shaft coupling (309) difference It is connected with left connection part (3103) and right connection part (3101);
The quantity of the clamping structure (3104) is identical with the hop count of reel linkage section, and volume is arranged on by installing plate (31048) In cylinder (310) each linkage section one end reel, the clamping structure (3104) is powered off and in folder by electromagnet (31047) Tight and releasing orientation;
The crawling structure is a pair, is connected by left and right ends of the shaft coupling (309) respectively with reel (310), and straddle Creep on track (319), crawling structure using chain wheel drive be oriented to, two-wheeled support, four-wheel hang upside down back locking structure, it is described winding and Development mechanism (3) can be mobile along track (319) of creeping, and the winding and expansion are synchronously driven to by two inchworm motors (320) Mechanism (3) provides driving and is oriented to.
2. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 1 with splash guard, it is characterised in that clamping structure (3104) bag Include clamping press plate (31041), spring (31042), plate (31043), connecting plate (31045), electromagnet (31047), electromagnet (31047) it is arranged on installing plate (31048), installing plate (31048) is arranged on the ring flange of each linkage section end of reel, even One end of fishplate bar (31045) is rotatablely connected with electromagnet (31047) by the first bearing pin (31046), connecting plate (31045) it is another One end is rotatablely connected by the second bearing pin (31044) and plate (31043), and clamping press plate (31041) passes through with plate (31043) Axis of rotation is connected, and one end and the installing plate (31048) of the rotating shaft are rotatedly connected, and spring (31042) is torsion spring, spring (31042) be arranged on rotating shaft on, one end of spring (31042) is stuck on clamping press plate (31041), spring (31042) it is another End is stuck on installing plate (31048), and the electromagnet (31047) is pull-type frame-type DC electromagnet, electromagnet during energization (31047) connecting plate (31045) is driven to move downward, so as to drive plate (31043) to overcome spring (31042) active force to press from both sides Press plate (31041) release, so as to unclamp splash guard (6);When electromagnet (31047) powers off, clamping structure (3104) is in folder Tight state, splash guard (6) is clamped.
3. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 1 with splash guard, it is characterised in that crawling structure includes crawl frame (306), inchworm motor (320), projecting wheel (314), support wheel (322), sprocket wheel (308);The sprocket wheel (308) is arranged on and creeped In the drive shaft (312) of motor (320), drive shaft (312) is arranged on crawl frame (306), sprocket wheel (308) and track of creeping (319) chain (325) engagement on, inchworm motor (320) provide power for crawling structure, and sprocket wheel (308) is led for crawling structure To;Support wheel (322) is a pair, by supporting wheel shaft (321) to be arranged on crawl frame (306) and symmetrically setting up separately in drive shaft (312) front and rear sides, supporting construction when creeping is formed;Projecting wheel totally 4 groups of (314), is symmetrically mounted on by wheel shaft (316) Below support wheel (322), on the inside of track of creeping (319), reverse locking structure is formed.
4. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 3 with splash guard, it is characterised in that is additionally provided with projecting wheel (314) Adjust locking mechanism, regulation locking mechanism includes being welded on fixing nut (318) on crawl frame (306), installed in projecting wheel Holding nut (315) and regulating bolt (317) on axle (316), regulating bolt (317) can through fixing nut (318) Holding nut (315) is withstood upwards, the gap of projecting wheel (314) and track (319) of creeping is adjusted by regulating bolt (317), Locked after adjustment by locking nut (31801).
5. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 1 with splash guard, it is characterised in that the Ding Ju mechanisms (4) include 2 The horizontal top act (43) of group, 2 groups of oblique tops lift (42) and 1 group is pushed up act (41) vertically, and (41) are lifted on vertical top and oblique top act (42) is led to respectively Cross overcoat (401) and oblique top is lifted the square flange welded overcoat (421) end and is arranged on main body stand (2), level top is lifted (43) be hinged with main body stand (2) by horizontal act overcoat (431) end of pushing up, 5 groups of tops acts are radial to be uniformly arranged on main body On stand (2), every group of top, which is lifted, includes 1 push rod (405), and the axial line of the axial line and main body stand (2) of push rod (405) is put down OK, 5 groups of tops are lifted drives push rod (405) by each independent hydraulic jack respectively, make 5 push rods (405) be evenly distributed on In the cambered surface of tunnel contour inner surface matching, good reinforcing bar (7) top of the splash guard (6) of expansion or colligation is lifted in place.
6. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 5 with splash guard, it is characterised in that (41) are lifted on the vertical top to be included One push rod, two vertical tops are lifted oil cylinder (417), two joints (403) and two overcoats (401), two overcoats (401) and set up separately In the both ends of push rod (405) and it is installed on main body stand (2), inner sleeve (402) is provided with overcoat (401) at one end, Elongated hole inner sleeve (408) is provided with the overcoat (401) of the other end, two vertical tops lift oil cylinder (417) and are separately mounted to inner sleeve (402) With in elongated hole inner sleeve (408), two vertical tops lift the piston rods of oil cylinder (417) respectively with corresponding inner sleeve (402) and elongated hole Inner sleeve (408) is rotatedly connected, and the cylinder body that oil cylinder (417) is lifted on two vertical tops is rotatedly connected with corresponding overcoat (401) respectively, interior Nylon cushion block (418) is provided between set (402) and elongated hole inner sleeve (408) and corresponding overcoat (401);
The lower end of two joints (403) is connected with corresponding inner sleeve (402) and elongated hole inner sleeve (408) with the 4th bearing pin (411) respectively Connect, the upper end and the both ends of push rod (405) of joint (403) are rotatedly connected by bearing, and the 5th bearing pin (409) is by push rod (405) Together with joint (403) pin joint, quick change pin (410) is plugged on the outer end of the 5th bearing pin (409), for locking;Rotate push rod (405) when, quick change pin (410) need to be unclamped, pulls up the 5th bearing pin (409), push rod (405) overturns 180 °, is loaded on the 5th bearing pin (409) quick change pin (410), is locked, completes the rapid translating that splash guard (6) and reinforcing bar (7) function is lifted on top;
Being a difference in that for the structure of (41) is lifted in horizontal top act (43) and oblique top act (42) with pushing up vertically:Lift oil cylinder in level top (437) and oblique top act oil cylinder (427) is different from the stroke that oil cylinder (417) is lifted on vertical top.
7. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 6 with splash guard, it is characterised in that is propped up among the push rod (405) Support part is divided into rectangular tube, and the bread of rectangular tube three covers rubber blanket (4051), is shielded when lifting splash guard (6) for pushing up, another Face welding bracing frame (4052), for colligation and top lift reinforcing bar (7) when from positioning and supporting role.
8. chassis is installed in tunnel according to claim 1 with splash guard, it is characterised in that Ru Wei mechanisms (5) utilize drawer Formula structure places splash guard (6), and Ru Wei mechanisms (5) include multiple directive wheels (501), support (502), multiple roll assemblies (503), multiple rollers (504), chute (505) and handle (507), wherein roller (504) are arranged on the bottom of support (502), Directive wheel (501) is arranged on the sidepiece of support (502), and bottom land of the roller (504) along chute (505) rolls, directive wheel (501) edge Two madial walls of chute (505) roll, and roll assembly (503) is arranged on the top of support (502), each roll assembly (503) The curved arrangement of roller, for placing coiled splash guard (6), by handle (507) push-and-pull support (502), make splash guard (6) position is entered.
CN201610746002.4A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 Chassis is installed with splash guard in tunnel Active CN106194220B (en)

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CN106837391B (en) * 2017-04-01 2019-09-06 中国铁道科学研究院铁道建筑研究所 A method of paving hanging platform vehicle and setting tunnel waterproofing construction
CN107893671A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-04-10 北京建工土木工程有限公司 A kind of large cross-section tunnel waterproof construction method
CN107327309B (en) * 2017-09-01 2019-03-19 中铁一局集团有限公司 A kind of anchor bar of waterproof plate in tunnels laying trolley
CN108756951B (en) * 2018-05-16 2021-04-09 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 A mounting structure for connecting reinforcing bar mounting bracket and waterproof cloth platform truck
CN108708750B (en) * 2018-05-16 2020-02-21 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 A upset positioner for tarpaulin laying trolley
CN111257868A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-06-09 山东科技大学 Automatic operation period tunnel lining quality detection device of coordinated deformation

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JP2000291392A (en) * 1999-04-07 2000-10-17 Fujimori Kogyo Co Ltd Waterproof sheet stretching device and waterproof sheet stretching method
CN102061927B (en) * 2010-12-10 2012-07-18 中铁隧道集团有限公司 Tunnel waterproof material laying equipment and method
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