CN106193746B - A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate - Google Patents

A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106193746B
CN106193746B CN201610525954.3A CN201610525954A CN106193746B CN 106193746 B CN106193746 B CN 106193746B CN 201610525954 A CN201610525954 A CN 201610525954A CN 106193746 B CN106193746 B CN 106193746B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bulkhead plate
prefabricated bulkhead
prefabricated
multiple function
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610525954.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106193746A (en
Inventor
张昊
王振清
王录民
揣军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Technology filed Critical Henan University of Technology
Priority to CN201610525954.3A priority Critical patent/CN106193746B/en
Publication of CN106193746A publication Critical patent/CN106193746A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106193746B publication Critical patent/CN106193746B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H2007/225Silos with retaining wall type wall elements, e.g. trench silos
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate, the flat shape of the underground granary is circle, including orlop, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of polylith, silo roof, multiple function, the prefabricated bulkhead plate is arc prefabricated chunk, there is attachment device on periphery, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device;The multiple function positions prefabricated bulkhead plate, and the depth anchored into soil is more than orlop depth, is subject to soil pressure, pressure and the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer on the inside of the first segment of top layer, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, round assembled underground granary structure is formed;The prefabricated bulkhead plate combines integral structure for outside plate and the concrete slab of inside, and outside plate is connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and is surrounded by U-shaped steel plate in left and right end.

Description

A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground granary technical fields, and in particular to a kind of encased steel plate is prefabricated assembled circularly to descend grain Storehouse.
Background technology
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, is kept grain quality, is inhibited insect pest, avoids It is stifling using toxic agents, corollary failure and dual-purpose equal many merits of drawing are resisted, many experts are consistent with scholar to think reasonable Promote and apply underground grain storehouse new system and new technology, can realize low-temperature environment-friendly, it is energy saving save land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary in China generally in the lower general loess of level of ground water and is suitble to being stained with property regional, such as cave dwelling Storehouse, loudspeaker storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, hole shape loudspeaker storehouse;Underground bin built simultaneously is mostly brickwork construction, and capacity is small, accounts for Ground area is big, mechanization degree is low.
It is useful in the Novel underground silo that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can promote and apply in order to build, Some national patents and document also proposed circular grain bin, the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder surround, and combined type is enclosed in stake The storehouses such as underground bin type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type, there is also some urgent problems to be solved, such as:(1) underground grain storage Storehouse has high standard waterproof, moisture-proof requirement.Ensure that warehouse is water-tight within service life, it is impermeable;The web material of use is easy Aging, working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, is susceptible to construction quality problem.(2) the wet construction environment construction period of deep basal pit It is long.After excavation of foundation pit, precipitation, orlop plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs to carry out in wet construction environmental condition for a long time, and labour is strong Big, long construction period is spent, construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel Plate " pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207155.1, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead Covered with Angles, waterproof that steel plate can be separately as bulkhead, damp-proof layer, also can bulkhead connect to be formed with steel member with steel plate The bulkhead of composite structure carrys out waterproof, moisture-proof.The shape of underground granary bulkhead be linear or curved shape, as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, Semicircle bulkhead etc..The invention solves the problems, such as the waterproof and dampproof of orlop plate by encased steel plate.It constructs simultaneously in orlop When, steel plate accelerates speed of application as template, reduces construction cost, but its construction, which is cast in situs, constructs, and the construction The deficiencies of method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, and it is of high cost to there is integral constructing in this way, long construction period.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207154.7, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, is linked to be entirety using connector between inner wall and outer wall, forms cavity between inner wall and outer wall, The cavity is used for the detection and reparation of underground granary leak, and for underground granary ventilation and the detection of grain feelings.The invention silo It is also required to excavation of foundation pit, there is the deficiencies of high construction trouble, construction cost, long construction period.
Prefabricated construction is one of the effective way for realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation section row, for a long time with Come, concrete construction mainly use site operation traditional work mode, industrialization degree is low, water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, Quantity of wastewater effluent is big, does not meet the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.It, can be pre- with factory using fabricated construction System, assembled in situ, realize building structure industrialization, while can effectively improve material building energy conservation and structural behaviour effect Rate, energy saving and resource, reduce the harmful effect of building waste and environment, reduce construction site limitation etc..Therefore, in order to carry For it is a kind of " it is fast, good, save " the new storehouse type of underground grain storage, research and develop prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse have become it is required.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granaries of encased steel plate, this is prefabricated assembledly The encased steel plate of lower silo can replace waterproof roll, have preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Prefabricated bulkhead plate can It being produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy conservation and environmental protection, Prefabricated Assembling, Mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.In addition, prefabricated warehouse structure can be used as foundation pit supporting system, section About pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost reduces construction investment.
The present invention solution be:The flat shape of a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, the underground granary is circle, Including orlop, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of polylith, silo roof, multiple function, the prefabricated bulkhead plate is arc prefabricated chunk, and there is company on periphery Connection device can be attached by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function;The multiple function Prefabricated bulkhead plate is positioned, the depth anchored into soil is more than orlop depth, is subject to soil pressure, pressure and resistance The main bearing member of buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer First layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one The prefabricated bulkhead plate of layer forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate is the coagulation of outside plate and inside The whole structure of the hardened synthesis of soil, outside plate are connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and are surrounded by left and right end U-shaped Steel plate.
The present invention is characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part, more work( Energy column is equipped with positioning steel member.Multiple function will ensure that the connecting elements of itself and surrounding forms a common stress of entirety, in this way, With steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part can simply and easily be connected thereto Member Welding;The positioning steel member of multiple function It can accurately be positioned when prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, while fixation is provided before prefabricated bulkhead plate and multiple function welding Effect.
The present invention is characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate is circumferential horizontal concordant, outside is welded to connect with multiple function, left and right It is welded with junction steel plate on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate;It is surrounded in multiple function, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate The water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strongest grade is poured in cavity.In this way, on the outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate Ensure that outside plate and multiple function keep an entirety in circumferential direction after being welded with multiple function, so as to prefabricated bulkhead into The effective waterproof of row;In addition, being welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, on the one hand there is increased at node Two waterproof measures, and multiple function and prefabricated bulkhead and the concrete between it is made to form overall structure, make stress More rationally, the simpler convenience of node construction.
The present invention is further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) top, has U-shaped or L-type cornerite below.In this way, facilitating prefabricated Bulkhead plate is welded to connect with the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate of surrounding and multiple function.
The present invention is further characterized in that the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and neighbouring prefabricated storehouse wall panels end is inside and outside Both sides are welded to connect with junction steel plate;It is poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround and prefabricated bulkhead Plate is identical or the water-proof concrete of high strongest grade.The grain of soil pressure greatly in the inner on the outside of underground bin is to prefabricated bulkhead The lateral pressure of plate, so when prefabricated bulkhead harden structure designs, underground bin is only most by the force status of soil pressure when hole capital after selling all securities Unfavorable, and actually along prefabricated bulkhead plate, the soil body gradually increases the pressure of prefabricated bulkhead plate from top to bottom, therefore, every layer is pre- The thickness of bulkhead plate processed should carry out variable cross-section design according to prefabricated bulkhead plate loading characteristic could more rationally, prefabricated bulkhead plate Expenditure of construction could be more economical.The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate can both be easier and more work( The welding of energy column and positioning, inside can also could be adjusted to meet rational variable cross-section design requirement according to actual loading situation. The neighbouring prefabricated inside and outside both sides of storehouse wall panels end are welded to connect with junction steel plate, and water-proof concrete is poured between them, It on the one hand can meet the Structural Design Requirement of neighbouring prefabricated board connecting node in this way, while inside and outside steel plate is prefabricated bulkhead plate The waterproof of lap-joint provides two reliable waterproof measures.
The present invention is characterized in that the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate It is directly connected using butt welding and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.In this way, pair of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate tip inside Connecing weldering and/or junction steel plate makes the prefabricated bulkhead plate of levels form an overall structure, while the steel plate on prefabricated bulkhead plate exists Vertically form a closed waterproof measure.
The present invention is characterized in that the prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is equipped with, male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, upper end are equipped with Female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot.Facilitate prefabricated bulkhead plate and the positioning of the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate of surrounding in this way and connect.
The present invention is characterized in that the vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, the male ladder of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end Shape or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;It is neighbouring prefabricated Horizontal joint on the inside of bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or be welded to connect with junction steel plate.Under every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate The male at end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug can provide positioning and connection function when bulkhead plate installation prefabricated for adjacent lower, under The female of layer prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot can play the relative displacement for constraining radial direction, resists node The shearing of junction.
The present invention is characterized in that orlop uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, on bottom plate lower steel plate and its between Concrete is connected using holdfast.This two-sided composite structure bulkhead light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, save The operating expenses of bulkhead reduces the difficulty of construction of bulkhead, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves The rigidity and intensity of bulkhead, is effective against soil pressure and pressure, is conducive to underground bin to the direction of deeper bigger hair, The scope of application of the storehouse type is increased, and is more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The present invention is further characterized in that the silo roof uses concrete-armor Plate.In this way, above structure is abundant When having played the resistance to compression of concrete and the tensile capacity of steel plate, kept large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and having constructed Steel plate can be used as template, significantly reduce difficulty of construction, while can also accelerate speed of application.
The present invention is characterized in that multiple function and reinforcing prop use section form for straight line or the open tubular column or reality of curve Stem.
The present invention is characterized in that construction method includes the following steps:(1) according to design requirement in precalculated position by more work( Certain depth is driven underground in energy column;(2) it is surrounded in multiple function and excavates first layer soil in region;(3) after excavating first layer soil, The prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function;(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, continuation excavates the down Two layers of soil;(5) the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is installed on the inside of multiple function;(6) according to the construction party of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step Method installs downwards prefabricated bulkhead plate, until orlop position successively;(7) orlop construction is carried out;(8) silo roof construction is finally carried out, i.e., Complete the overall structure of underground granary.Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain in multiple function Depending on eating lateral pressure many factors synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, positioning column and reinforcing prop can at this time With the vertical pressure transmitted by silo instead of pile;In addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace uplift pile to resist underground Buoyancy of the water to silo;Multiple function can vertically position prefabricated bulkhead plate with circumferential direction, ensure prefabricated every layer of bulkhead plate Vertical vertical, circumferential direction forms an annulus, to keep stress more reasonable;Complete multiple function construction after, along height on to Lower fractional layer is installed;When installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, Diameter is greater than or equal to the space of warehouse overall diameter, while ensureing that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could give so prefabricated Bulkhead plate is installed there are construction space, ensures that prefabricated bulkhead plate construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth level of ground water with When lower, precipitation is first carried out, is then excavated;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, in bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated storehouse Slip casting between siding ensures that this layer soil body does not cave in when excavating next layer soil body, peace when to ensure that subsoil excavates Entirely.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate installation, prefabricated bulkhead plate and adjacent multiple function or reinforcing prop are welded first, ensure prefabricated storehouse Siding is reliably connected with multiple function or reinforcing prop, the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate of junction steel plate weld horizontal is then used, finally in water The water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured between flat contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate.It is adjacent pre- up and down The vertical outside of bulkhead plate processed is concordant, and connection type is as follows:(1) the neighbouring prefabricated inside and outside both sides of storehouse wall panels end are with company Steel plate is connect to be welded to connect;It is poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround identical or high as prefabricated bulkhead plate The water-proof concrete of strongest grade;(2) horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect And/or it is welded to connect with junction steel plate;(3) when prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is equipped with, male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, upper end are set When having female trapezoidal or half elliptic slot, the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or the insertion of half elliptic plug is adjacent The female of prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in, the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate is directly adopted It is connected with butt welding and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.By above-mentioned construction method, the soil body and installation are excavated successively from top to bottom Prefabricated bulkhead plate, the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, well by cylinder Storehouse warehouse structure is combined into one with foundation pit supporting system, has not only saved cost caused by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure, significantly Construction investment is reduced, and substantially reduces the construction period of entire engineering.
Description of the drawings
First, second and third kind of underground bin floor plan of Fig. 1
First, second and third kind of underground bin section layout drawing of Fig. 2
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of first and second kind of monolithic of Fig. 3
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of the third monolithic of Fig. 4
First, second and third kind of precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram of Fig. 5
The first bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 6
Second of bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 7
The third bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 8
In attached drawing:1 is multiple function;2 be prefabricated bulkhead plate;3 be silo roof;4 be orlop;6 be grain port;7 be earthing; 8 be cavity;9 be outside plate.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6;It is prefabricated assembled circularly to present embodiments provide a kind of encased steel plate Lower silo.Including orlop 4, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is prefabricated There is attachment device on plate, periphery, can be connected with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device It connects;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment of top layer Inside is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until Bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is 9 He of outside plate The concrete slab of inside combines integral structure, outside plate 9 to be connect using holdfast with inside concrete, and at left and right end Portion is surrounded by U-shaped steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function 1 uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and outside is welded to connect with multiple function 1, the contiguous prefabricated storehouse in left and right It is welded with junction steel plate 52 inside of siding;In the cavity 8 that multiple function 1, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 and junction steel plate 5 surround Inside pour the water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 or high strongest grade.
In prefabricated 2 top of bulkhead plate, there is U-shaped or L-type cornerite below.The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is concordant, on Under the inside and outside both sides in contiguous prefabricated 2 end of bulkhead plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate 5;In contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 and connection The water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade is poured in the cavity 8 that steel plate 5 surrounds.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 7:It is prefabricated assembled circularly to present embodiments provide a kind of encased steel plate Lower silo.Including orlop 4, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is prefabricated There is attachment device on plate, periphery, can be connected with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device It connects;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment of top layer Inside is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until Bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is 9 He of outside plate The concrete slab of inside combines integral structure, outside plate 9 to be connect using holdfast with inside concrete, and at left and right end Portion is surrounded by U-shaped steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function 1 uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and outside is welded to connect with multiple function 1, the contiguous prefabricated storehouse in left and right It is welded with junction steel plate 52 inside of siding;In the cavity 8 that multiple function 1, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 and junction steel plate 5 surround Inside pour the water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 or high strongest grade.
In prefabricated 2 top of bulkhead plate, there is U-shaped or L-type cornerite below.The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is flat Together, the horizontal joint of 2 inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or be welded to connect with junction steel plate.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 8:It is prefabricated assembled circularly to present embodiments provide a kind of encased steel plate Lower silo.Including orlop 4, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is prefabricated There is attachment device on plate, periphery, can be connected with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device It connects;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment of top layer Inside is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until Bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is 9 He of outside plate The concrete slab of inside combines integral structure, outside plate 9 to be connect using holdfast with inside concrete, and at left and right end Portion is surrounded by U-shaped steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function 1 uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and outside is welded to connect with multiple function 1, the contiguous prefabricated storehouse in left and right It is welded with junction steel plate 52 inside of siding;In the cavity 8 that multiple function 1, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 and junction steel plate 5 surround Inside pour the water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 or high strongest grade.
Prefabricated 2 lower end of bulkhead plate is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and upper end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half is ellipse Circular socket.The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is concordant, and the male of every piece of prefabricated 2 lower end of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic Plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated 2 upper end of bulkhead plate female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;2 inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directly use butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with junction steel plate.
Example IV
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate.Including The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of orlop 4, polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 are arc prefabricated chunk, and periphery has Attachment device can be attached by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1;More work( Energy column 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and first is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer it is pre- Bulkhead plate processed forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is the concrete of outside plate 9 and inside The whole structure of hardened synthesis, outside plate 9 is connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and is surrounded by U-shaped steel in left and right end Plate.
The orlop 4 is pyramidal structure, and the orlop 4 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure.This steel plate coagulation Native composite structure light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, need not construction when be laid with reinforcing bar, save bulkhead Operating expenses reduces the difficulty of construction of orlop, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves bulkhead Rigidity and intensity, be effective against soil pressure and pressure, be conducive to underground granary and develop to the direction of deeper bigger, increase The scope of application of the storehouse type, and it is more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The silo roof 3 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, the silo roof 3 that grain port 6, the silo roof 3 is arranged Earthing 7 is arranged in top.Two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the tension energy of steel plate Power keeps large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and steel plate can be used as template when construction, significantly reduces and applies Work difficulty, while can also accelerate speed of application.Grain port setting is modernized into equipment of putting out cereal, convenient for grain storage and carry It takes.
The storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material may be implemented in the underground granary.The underground granary seals Property and supportive it is fine, can also realize the storage to powder, liquid material, coordinate different chargings and discharging equipment, apply It is very extensive.
Embodiment five
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of construction method of the prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate, including as follows Step:
1) multiple function 1 is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
2) it is surrounded in multiple function 1 and excavates first layer soil in region;
3) after excavating first layer soil, in the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the inside of multiple function 1 installation first layer 2;
4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer 2, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
5) in the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the inside of the multiple function 1 installation second layer 2;
6) according to above-mentioned 4) -5) construction method of step, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is installed downwards successively, until orlop position;
7) orlop 4 is carried out to construct;
8) silo roof construction is finally carried out, that is, completes the overall structure of underground granary.
Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors in multiple function Depending on synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, positioning column and reinforcing prop can replace pile by silo at this time The vertical pressure transmitted;In addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace the buoyancy that uplift pile resists underground water to silo;It is more Functional column can vertically position prefabricated bulkhead plate with circumferential direction, ensure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical vertical, circumferential direction is formed One annulus, to keep stress more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom; When installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to storehouse The space of outer diameter, while ensureing that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could giving prefabricated bulkhead plate installation in this way, there are apply Work space ensures that prefabricated bulkhead plate construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, first to be dropped Then water is excavated;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate is protected When excavating next layer soil body, this layer soil body does not cave in card, safety when to ensure that subsoil excavates.Every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate When installation, prefabricated bulkhead plate and adjacent multiple function or reinforcing prop are welded first, ensure prefabricated bulkhead plate and multiple function or Reinforcing prop is reliably connected, and the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate of junction steel plate weld horizontal is then used, finally in horizontally adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate Between pour the water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade.The adjacent prefabricated vertical outside of bulkhead plate up and down Concordantly, connection type is as follows:A, the neighbouring prefabricated inside and outside both sides of storehouse wall panels end are welded to connect with junction steel plate; The anti-of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strongest grade is poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround Water coagulation soil;B, the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or welded with junction steel plate It connects in succession;C, when prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is equipped with, male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and upper end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or semiellipse When shape slot, the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted into the recessed of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end Formula is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in, the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly use butt welding connection and/or It is welded to connect with junction steel plate.By above-mentioned construction method, excavates the soil body successively from top to bottom and prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, every layer pre- The cylinder warehouse structure that bulkhead plate processed is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, well by silo warehouse structure and foundation pit Support system is combined into one, and has not only been saved cost caused by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure, has been substantially reduced construction investment, and Substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Embodiment six
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate.Including The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of orlop 4, polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 are arc prefabricated chunk, and periphery has Attachment device can be attached by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1;More work( Energy column 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and first is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer it is pre- Bulkhead plate processed forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is the concrete of outside plate 9 and inside The whole structure of hardened synthesis, outside plate 9 is connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and is surrounded by U-shaped steel in left and right end Plate.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:115 parts of asphalt, 7 parts of glass fibre, 8 parts of bentonite, 6 parts of emulsifier, 1.5 parts of dispersant, 1.5 parts of stabilizer are organic 25 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 2.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment seven
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate.Including The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of orlop 4, polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 are arc prefabricated chunk, and periphery has Attachment device can be attached by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1;More work( Energy column 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and first is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer it is pre- Bulkhead plate processed forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is the concrete of outside plate 9 and inside The whole structure of hardened synthesis, outside plate 9 is connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and is surrounded by U-shaped steel in left and right end Plate.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:110 parts of asphalt, 10 parts of glass fibre, 9 parts of bentonite, 7.5 parts of emulsifier, 2 parts of dispersant, 2 parts of stabilizer are organic 30 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment eight
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate.Including The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of orlop 4, polylith, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 are arc prefabricated chunk, and periphery has Attachment device can be attached by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function 1;More work( Energy column 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and first is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer it is pre- Bulkhead plate processed forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is the concrete of outside plate 9 and inside The whole structure of hardened synthesis, outside plate 9 is connect with inside concrete using holdfast, and is surrounded by U-shaped steel in left and right end Plate.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:105 parts of asphalt, 13 parts of glass fibre, 10 parts of bentonite, 9 parts of emulsifier, 2.5 parts of dispersant, 2.5 parts of stabilizer have 35 parts of machine fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment six to eight provides the special mask coating in prefabricated bulkhead plate outer surface, to prefabricated bulkhead plate play protection, Corrosion-resistant acts on, and plays the role of antiseepage, sealing to bulkhead, can spray when prefabricated bulkhead plate is prefabricated or organize at the scene binning Sprayed when wall, fundamentally solve corner, gap, irregular structure junction leakage etc. technical barriers, enhance underground The water resistance of silo.Glass fibre is added in mask coating, the toughness and tensile strength of coating is considerably increased, delays The time of coating cracking increases its service life, and also has certain supporting role for bulkhead.The antifreezing agent of addition can To reduce damage of the low temperature to mask coating, the safe operation of cold district winter underground granary ensure that.
Finally illustrate, the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, this field is common Other modifications or equivalent replacement that technical staff makes technical scheme of the present invention, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, be intended to be within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. the flat shape of a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, the underground granary is prefabricated for circle, including orlop (4), polylith Bulkhead plate (2), silo roof (3), multiple function (1), the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) are arc prefabricated chunk, and periphery has connection to fill It sets, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function (1) by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device;The multiple function (1) prefabricated bulkhead plate is positioned, the depth anchored into soil is more than orlop (4) depth, is subject to soil pressure, pressure With the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, in the first segment of top layer Side is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until most One layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate below forms round assembled underground granary structure;The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is outside plate (9) Combine integral structure, outside plate (9) to be connect using holdfast with inside concrete with the concrete slab of inside, and a left side, Right part is surrounded by U-shaped steel plate.
2. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function (1) uses steel Column or concrete column equipped with steel embedded part.
3. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is circumferential horizontal concordant, outside Side is welded to connect with multiple function (1), is welded with junction steel plate (5) on the inside of the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) in left and right;In multiple function (1), pour in the cavity (8) that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) and junction steel plate (5) surround it is identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) or The water-proof concrete of high strongest grade.
4. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:In prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) top, there is U below Type or L-type cornerite.
5. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, neighbouring The inside and outside both sides in prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) end are welded to connect with junction steel plate (5);In contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) and connection steel The water-proof concrete of identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) or high strongest grade is poured in the cavity (8) that plate (5) surrounds.
6. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, up and down Horizontal joint on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) directly uses butt welding to connect and/or be welded to connect with junction steel plate.
7. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is trapezoidal that prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) lower end is equipped with male Or half elliptic plug, upper end are equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot.
8. underground granary as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, every piece The male of prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) upper end female it is trapezoidal Or in half elliptic slot;Horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) directly uses butt welding to connect and/or with company Steel plate is connect to be welded to connect.
9. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Orlop (4) uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, Lower steel plate and the concrete between it are connected using holdfast on bottom plate.
10. a kind of construction method built such as the prefabricated assembled underground granary of claim 1-9 any one of them, feature exist In:The construction method includes the following steps:
(1) multiple function (1) is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
(2) it is surrounded in multiple function (1) and excavates first layer soil in region;
(3) after excavating first layer soil, the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function (1);
(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
(5) the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of the second layer is installed on the inside of multiple function (1);
(6) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step, prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is installed downwards successively, until orlop position;
(7) orlop (4) is carried out to construct;
(8) silo roof construction is finally carried out, that is, completes the overall structure of underground granary.
CN201610525954.3A 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate Active CN106193746B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610525954.3A CN106193746B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610525954.3A CN106193746B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106193746A CN106193746A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106193746B true CN106193746B (en) 2018-09-28

Family

ID=57465969

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610525954.3A Active CN106193746B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106193746B (en)

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0718669A (en) * 1993-06-17 1995-01-20 Kajima Corp Earth retaining wall with underground continuous wall
CN2443095Y (en) * 2000-08-24 2001-08-15 刘廷瑜 Prefabricated section assembled barn
CN201605860U (en) * 2009-07-15 2010-10-13 广东省电力设计研究院 Novel coal retaining wall structure for circular coal storage structure
CN202072170U (en) * 2011-01-23 2011-12-14 湖南省无机色釉料工程技术研究中心有限公司 Assembly type enamel steel plate grain bin
CN105178357B (en) * 2015-07-16 2017-01-11 中国建筑股份有限公司 Prefabricated subsurface structure under foundation trench open cutting condition and construction method for prefabricated subsurface structure under foundation trench open cutting condition
CN206189971U (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-05-24 河南工业大学 Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of outer steel plated

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106193746A (en) 2016-12-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106193744B (en) The round prefabricated assembled underground granary of equal steel plated inside and outside one kind
CN106088764B (en) A kind of stepped prefabricated assembled circular underground granary of encased steel plate
CN106088759B (en) The equal stepped prefabricated assembled circular underground granary of steel plated inside and outside one kind
CN206189414U (en) Circular underground granary of slot -in type prefabricated bulkhead of outer steel plated
CN206034482U (en) Circular prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior steel plated
CN206189966U (en) Circular underground granary of slot -in type prefabricated assembled of inside and outside equal steel plated
CN206189964U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of steel plated in slot -in type
CN206189971U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of outer steel plated
CN206189970U (en) Circular prefabricated assembled underground granary of inside and outside equal steel plated
CN206053490U (en) A kind of stepped prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior encased steel plate
CN206189972U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of outer steel plated echelonment
CN206438511U (en) A kind of double-deck assembled underground granary
CN206035045U (en) Prefabricated assembled underground granary of endocyst plastics
CN206189965U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of interior steel plated echelonment
CN206189967U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of inside and outside equal steel plated echelonment
CN206035050U (en) Prefabricated bulkhead underground granary of slot -in type endocyst plastics
CN206035043U (en) Prefabricated assembled rectangle underground granary of outer steel plated echelonment
CN206189969U (en) Prefabricated assembled rectangle underground granary of interior steel plated echelonment
CN106193746B (en) A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate
CN106013911B (en) A kind of interior steel plated assembled circle underground granary with premoulded filler strip
CN206035044U (en) Prefabricated assembled underground granary of plastic cover echelonment
CN206035051U (en) Prefabricated caulking strips's in area circular underground granary of double -layer steel plate assembled
CN206035052U (en) Prefabricated caulking strips's in area circular underground granary of outer steel plated assembled
CN106013915B (en) A kind of circular prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior steel plated
CN106088762B (en) A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of insertion slot type encased steel plate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190722

Address after: 450000 Science Avenue 65, Zhengzhou Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Henan Province, No. 8405, 4 storeys

Patentee after: Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 450001 Zhengzhou high tech Industrial Development Zone, Henan Lotus Street, No. 100

Patentee before: Henan Industry University