Summary of the invention
According to the invention provides a kind of facade attachment system for building, this facade is attached
Secondary windowsill (sub sill), this pair windowsill is adapted to secure to the bottom on the upper strata of building,
The bottom of this pair windowsill supporting filling material and there is the first alignment portion；
Drainage element, this drainage element is suitable to be fixed on the upper end of the lower floor of building and have
Second alignment portion；And
Sealing member, described sealing member at secondary windowsill with drainage element to being positioned at the first alignment portion on time
And between the second alignment portion.
Sealing member can be attached to the one in secondary windowsill or drainage element or another one, and secondary window
Another one in platform or drainage element adjoins this sealing member.Sealing member be suitable to be crushed on secondary windowsill with
Between drainage element, and it is preferably configured to allow the public affairs in terms of the alignment of secondary windowsill and drainage element
Difference is floated.In one embodiment, the cross section of sealing member is holding so that restriction is internal of closing
Long-pending.Such as, sealing member can be ball seal.Can be in the internal capacity of sealing member
Portion arranges interior wall construction to be provided the intensity of sealing member and controlled shrinkage when sealing member presses.
In the case of sealing member is attached to secondary windowsill, this sealing member can be keyed to the logical of secondary windowsill
Second alignment portion can be complementary with the first alignment portion in its structure.It is to say, the
One alignment portion and the second alignment portion may be designed to the most mutual
Effect or one are received in another one: have in an alignment portion in alignment portion
Passage is to receive the upright lip of another alignment portion.
Provide including the facade system being designed to adjacent secondary windowsill and corresponding drainage element
A kind of following system: this system can use the facade system of lower floor and connect into being modular
Facade system to upper strata is installed.This is useful especially in the structure of modular architectural, logical
Crossing the structure of this modular architectural, modular unit is with abreast and one is positioned at above another one
Mode be attached to form bigger structure.
In an embodiment of the invention, secondary windowsill supports implant support member, this filling
Thing support member has packing material is directly mounted to passage therein.Implant support member can wrap
Including lid, this lid defines and is adjacent to the windowsill that the inner side of packing material is exposed.
Secondary windowsill can be fixed to the downside of floor panel structure by facade bracket.Secondary windowsill can include using
In receiving the recess of facade bracket and utilizing jagged clamping and keeper to be clamped to facade
The protuberance (relief) of bracket.Facade bracket is usually installed to structural beams or other structures and props up
Support member.In the case of modular architectural, bracket is at such as floor periphery/annular girder etc
It is mechanically fastened at floor level or is soldered to modular construction.Conventional, non-modularization
In the case of building, bracket is attached in concrete floor via the foundry goods in panel.
First alignment portion and the second alignment portion are complementary, and can include for receive one or
One or more passage of more sealing members.Thus, the second alignment portion has and first
The profile that alignment portion is complementary, it is upright that the profile of this complementation can include being projected in sealing member
Secondary windowsill and drainage element preferably can be cut into the extrusion of Len req, and squeeze
Casting die can be made up of the plastics of such as aluminum or composite etc or metal.
Supported by the upper and lower according to present invention also offers a kind of be arranged on by packing material
Facade attachment system in method, the method includes:
Secondary windowsill is fixed to the downside on upper strata, and wherein, secondary windowsill supports and is used for receiving filling material
The implant installed part of material；
Drainage element is fixed to the upside of lower floor, and wherein, the downside on upper strata and the upside of lower floor are
Being set together with lower floor on upper strata, thus, secondary windowsill is by mid seal adjacent rows
Packing material is arranged in implant base.
According to present invention also offers one, implant is arranged on by upper building block and lower building
Method in the facade attachment system that module is supported, the method includes:
Being arranged on by packing material between secondary windowsill and drainage element, wherein, secondary windowsill supports and is used for
Receive the installed part of the bottom of implant, and the upper end of drainage element supporting filling material；
Upper building block is installed in the lower floor that limited by lower building block；
Secondary windowsill is fixed to the downside on the upper strata limited by upper building block；And
Drainage element is fixed to the top of lower building block, wherein, the downside of upper building block and
The top of lower building block is neighbouring.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the upper and lower are the building that modularity connects
The upper and lower.Preferably, building includes vertically being interconnected so as to form the module of tier building
Change unit.Secondary windowsill can be mounted to the joist on upper strata, and drainage element can be mounted to lower floor
Roof beam.Facade attachment system is held by major part when upper strata is installed on the top of lower floor
It is contained in the intracavity resulted between lower floor's roof beam and upper floor beam.
Detailed description of the invention
Shown in described in literary composition and accompanying drawing for for facade 12 is attached or installs
Facade attachment system 10 to building.System 10 will be claimed in interchangeable mode in the text
For " facade attachment system " and be referred to as " facade system " more easily.
Fig. 1 shows the front view of the outer surface of building, wherein, uses facade to be attached system
Facade 12 is installed to building by system 10, and facade 12 includes constituting in the case glass surface
The packing material 14 of plate.In the most described embodiment, building is by structurally
By side by side and modular unit be positioned at above another modular unit in the way of connect
Multiple modular units 15 are constituted.Including modular unit building alien invasion finally in
Now for producing unification and the facade of continuous print outer surface of building.
Although it should be appreciated that in presently described embodiment, building is by many
The individual modular unit being structurally joining together is constituted, but facade system can be used for pacifying facade
Be contained in on-the-spot structure or as on the building of single structure.
Fig. 1 shows multiple facade panels of also referred to as packing material 14, the plurality of vertical
Faceplate panels is spaced laterally apart by crossbeam 17 and vertically spaced apart by munnion 18.Also figure 1 illustrates
Be the outward extending sunshading board profile 19 of facade.Fig. 2 is the side cross-sectional, view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of Fig. 2, its illustrate in greater detail after facade 12 for
Facade is installed the facade system 10 to building.Fig. 2 shows on lower floor 20 and upper strata 22
Between vertically cross over the facade 12 of floor and floor.Specifically, Fig. 2 shows and is supported on
(wherein, floor is concrete floor, wood ground to lower floor plane 21a on lower floor beam 24a
Plate or other kinds of flooring material), and support the upper joist of upper floor level 21b
Distance between upper floor level 21a and lower floor plane 21b shown in Fig. 2 is not with
Proportional mode illustrates, in order to illustrate in greater detail generation between lower floor 20 and upper strata 22
Region or chamber 25.
In the bottom of lower floor in the case of lower floor Liang24aChu starts, lower floor 20 upper
End is limited by roof beam 27 (roof beam on upper strata is not shown).The underface of roof beam 27
For the ceiling 28 of lower floor 20, ceiling 28 is generally by such as plasterboard or timber panel etc
Planar sheet or plate formed.Packing material 14 as shown in the figures is by between by air
The double glazing that the parallel face glass 30 that gap 31 separates represents.
Munnion angle bracket 33 or be mounted directly to roof beam 27, or by being bolted to room
The intermediate bracket of back timber 27 is mounted to roof beam 27 indirectly.Roof beam 27 bears facade
All of wind load counteracting force.Munnion angle bracket 33 or be attached directly to facade munnion
18, or between drainage element and entablature 17, it is placed with middle skew munnion.Munnion angle is held in the palm
Frame 33 also supports backup plate 34, and backup plate 34 is for being arranged on after glazed facade to fill chamber 25 He
/ or make lath or the thin plate that chamber 25 insulate.
Facade system 10 is suitable to install packing material 14 outside 35 to building, wherein,
Building at least includes a lower floor 20 and a upper strata 22.Facade system provides has curtain
The facade of the outward appearance of wall system, but be different from this facade system of curtain wall system in its bottom/
Supporting filling material 14 at bottom margin.More specifically, facade system is by by packing material
Install to floor level 21a, the 21b completed horizontal position substantially and support filling material
Material 14.Therefore, facade attachment system is higher than the ceiling height of lower floor so that plane extends generally
Floor level to last layer.
It is arranged on the packing material 14 at upper strata 22 to be oriented to and the packing material of lower floor 20
14 show as continuous print surface.By facade system 10, lower floor's implant and upper strata implant
Can be directed and be aligned to the top 37 of the packing material 14 so that lower floor 20 with upper
The bottom margin 38 of the packing material 14 of layer 22 aligns.Facade system 10 is suitable to by offer
It is fixed to the secondary windowsill 40 of bottom on the upper strata 22 of building to realize this purpose, wherein,
The bottom of secondary windowsill supporting filling material or bottom margin 38.Facade system also have in
The second component of the form of drainage element 50, this drainage element 50 is suitable to be fixed under building
The upper end of layer 20.
The secondary windowsill on upper strata 22 and the drainage element 50 of lower floor 20 be suitable to come in close proximity to each other and
Alignment, in order to make the profile being consistent of secondary windowsill and drainage element be consistent between profile at these and only have
Small-gap suture filled by sealing member in the case of and be close to, thus close alignment respective profile it
Therefore, secondary windowsill has the first alignment portion 42, and drainage element 50 has the second alignment
Part 52.First alignment portion 42 and the second alignment portion 52 be suitable to be in close proximity to each other or
Connect by interface/be close to and contact, and wherein, at the first alignment portion 42 and
It is provided with sealing member 60 between two alignment portions 52.Sealing member 60 guarantees Part I and
Alignment between two parts, and therefore it is aligned to base between secondary windowsill 40 and drainage element 50
Prevent in basis or alleviate moisture from building outside 35 to the sealing of the transfer of interior of building 36
The layout of two parts parts of facade system 10 mean system can be modular for
Facade is arranged between lower floor and upper strata and can not necessarily be configured to the one of single structure
Part, by the layout of two parts parts of facade system 10, secondary windowsill is arranged on one layer
Upper and drainage element is set on another layer, and wherein, secondary windowsill and drainage element be suitable to
Sealing member contact therebetween.It is to say, facade system 10 is in the structure of modular architectural
Particularly useful, by facade system 10, modular unit 15 is the most non-
On-the-spot structure, and even can be completed to finally advise before being brought to scene non-at-scenely
Lattice, modular unit 15 with side by side and a modularity unit be positioned at another modularity list
Unit's mode above modularly installs and is attached to form bigger building structure.
Secondary windowsill 40 is suitable to the end perimeter being positioned at lower floor plane 21a or 21b filling out
Fill material 14 and be arranged at the point that the end of floor level is the most spaced apart, so that fill out
The facade 12 filling material and generation is similar with curtain wall, it appears that be suspended from the end of building
Portion.Secondary windowsill 40 is mounted towards floor level by facade bracket 43 or is arranged on floor
At plane or be mounted to cross floor level, facade bracket 43 is at the vertical side of bracket
It is arranged on the angle bracket of an end of lower floor beam 24a or 24b, and window secondary with support
The horizontal side of platform 40 is at an angle of.
Secondary windowsill 40 includes for receiving the recess 41 of the end 44 of facade bracket and being positioned at
Protuberance 45 on secondary windowsill 40, this protuberance 45 use jagged clamping and keeper 46 and
Interacting into and be clamped to facade bracket 43, this jagged clamping and keeper 46 bolt are even
Connect through facade bracket 43.Zigzag keeper 46 allow secondary windowsill to the inside of building and
Outside is adjusted to ensure that the suitable horizontal aligument above and below facade.Generally, secondary windowsill
By the structural support of facade bracket installation to such as joist or bottom girder etc, but bracket
Can be configured to or otherwise extrude or be configured to include that the mounting bracket of their own is with directly
Connect installation to structural support.
Secondary windowsill 40 or such as by being arranged on the implant installed part on secondary windowsill directly
Supporting filling material 14, or as shown in the embodiment of accompanying drawing by single parts:
Implant support member 55 supporting filling material 14 indirectly.Implant support member 55 includes filling out
Fill thing installed part 56, wherein, can will fill material according to the material of implant by conventional equipment
Material 14 is directly installed in this implant installed part 56.Such as, when using glass as filling
During material, bottom margin 38 being maneuvered in implant installed part 56 and utilize binding agent and
/ or machanical fastener be attached in implant installed part 56, and by sealing member (such as silicon
Sealing member) and foam-back bar carry out weather proof.Windowsill lid extrusion 57 is clipped in implant and supports
With the windowsill 62 provided on the inner side of packing material 14 on part.Implant support member 55
It is configured to complementally be clipped in by being clasped on secondary windowsill 40, or in other manners
It is attached to secondary windowsill by the machanical fastener of binding agent and/or such as screw etc.
It is to be suitable to the first alignment portion 42 towards drainage element 50 at the downside of secondary windowsill.The
One alignment portion can include and the corresponding construction of formation the second alignment portion being positioned on drainage element
Substantially complementary any structure.Therefore, the first alignment portion and the second alignment portion can include appointing
What type be close to structure, or allow secondary windowsill and drainage element in the way of in close proximity to one another substantially
The layout that the male/female of alignment engages each other.It should be noted that secondary windowsill and drainage element are not
Need actually to carry out contacting but only need rough alignment, in order to substantially form close betwixt
Envelope, and be directed at and to produce, be there is continuous print outward appearance or extremely by the implant 14 of each self-supporting
Few generally planar facade.
Drainage element 50 or be axially aligned and supported directly the upper end of lower floor 20, or indirectly propped up
Support the structural elements such as roof beam 27 or munnion 18 of the upper end to lower floor, and conduct
Railing is installed into the outside extension outside building with the outward appearance providing suspension.As shown
Drainage element be attached to munnion 18 by munnion angle bracket 33.
In the detailed description of the invention illustrated, the of the first alignment portion of secondary windowsill and drainage element
Two alignment portions are complementary, and its reason is that a part interacts with another part or a part
Can be received within another part.Secondary windowsill includes being positioned at secondary windowsill 40 and draining for receiving
One or two of one or more sealing member between part 50 seals passage 47.Illustrating
Embodiment in be provided with two sealing members 60.Second alignment portion 52 and sealing passage 47
Interact to urge or to extrude the sealing member between the first alignment portion and the second alignment portion.
In the embodiment as shown, the second alignment portion 52 is in upright lip or the shape of wall 53
Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b shows the sample form that secondary windowsill 40 interacts with drainage element 50
And the sample form of facade attachment system 10, secondary windowsill 40 and the phase interaction of drainage element 50
With urging therebetween ball seal 60, thus between secondary windowsill and drainage element,
Water-stop is formed at ball seal 60.This ball seal can big in change in location
(+/-14mm in all directions) sealing pair windowsill and drainage element in scope.By by sealing
Passage 47 closes ball seal on three sides, and ball seal can be with the side of watertight
Formula controls shrinkage.As shown in figure 5 a and 5b, ball seal can include inwall 71
Internal structure, it contributes to controlling each ball seal in passage 47 and upright lip 53
Between shrinkage.In the sample illustrated, with Fig. 5 a and the list of Fig. 5 b right ball seal
Individual separately wall 71 is compared, and the ball seal in the left of Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b has cross knot
The inwall 71 of structure.Additionally, lip 53 terminates at the foot with two sharp edges 72
Place, the two sharp edges 72 engaging seals provides uniform thrust to seal against part,
This generates symmetry, uniform shrinkage and water-stop.
Drainage element 50 includes the prone passage 58 being attached to framework head 74, this passage
The 58 upper frame installed parts defining packing material.Use such as structure silicon or constraint welding bead
The top edge 37 of packing material is installed to framework by the attachment arrangement of (captive bead) etc
In head 74, this attachment arrangement is snapped in framework head 74 and is snapped into munnion 18 He
So that packing material is held in place in windowsill 62.
Sealing member 60 between secondary windowsill 40 and drainage element 50 can be attached to secondary windowsill or row
One in water part or another one, and it is shown in the same of adjacent drainage element 50 in the accompanying drawings
Time be attached to secondary windowsill 40.Specifically, sealing member includes the edge 61 of band key, the edge of band key
61 are suitable to interact and the passage 48 of the band key that slides into secondary windowsill from an end.From
And sealing member 60 is mechanically attached to the downside of secondary windowsill, namely be attached to the first alignment portion
Sealing member allows a certain amount of change between secondary windowsill and drainage element parts to float
And suitable tolerance (play).But this makes secondary windowsill and the alignment inaccuracy of drainage element but has
There are speed and efficiency.The floating of the tolerance provided by sealing member can by allow sealing member move with
And the sealing structure of the distance change that first between alignment portion and the second alignment portion realizes.
In the embodiment as shown, this is realized by the ball seal being made up of rubber, wherein,
The cross section of sealing member be close to limit internal capacity.First alignment portion and the second alignment
Part alignment on the either side of sealing member makes sealing member can be transformed into the secondary windowsill of adaptation and row
Spacing between water part and the change of alignment, and therefore adapt to support secondary windowsill and drainage element
Spacing between installed part and the change of alignment, and/or it is transformed into adaptation restriction upper strata 22
And the change of the spacing between the modular unit of lower floor 20.
Sealing member is preferably made up of rubber.Secondary windowsill and drainage element are preferably by being cut into
The plastics of Len req, metal or composite are crushed to.Secondary windowsill and drainage element can shapes
Become single extrusion or be formed as clipping together or otherwise tightening together
To form complete secondary windowsill and the part of drainage element.
Fig. 4 shows and is provided with the flat of the adjacent packing material 14 of the level of facade attachment system
Face view.Fig. 4 particularly illustrates between two adjacent modular architectural unit 15 side by side
Formula interface.Side-by-side is installed and be make use of munnion 18, munnion 18 to be partially formed to be aligned in one
Rise and carry out directly or indirectly mutually between the structure of the adjacent implant 14 of support level
Interlocking closes.Munnion 18 and the compound munnion part being fastened to building structure/modular architectural unit
75 interlockings.Compound munnion part 75 defines the vertical frame keeping filling the vertical side of plate 14
The division munnion jointer 77 of the "T"-shaped section being shown as extruding is positioned at adjacent mould
Between the munnion 18 of massing building unit 15, to provide following middleware, this middleware across
Get over and engage munnion 18 and thus cross over and engage the sidepiece of building unit 15.At each munnion
It is provided with multiple module jointer sealing member 78 between 18 and division munnion jointer 77, in order to
Seal the joint between munnion, but allow also to send out at the junction surface between adjacent building unit
Raw mobile.Shown jointer sealing member 78 is the such as globe seal with internal capacity
The hermetic seal of part etc, it has an advantage that while providing enough sealings
Allow to divide the reasonable change of the spacing between munnion jointer 77 and munnion 18.
It is positioned at the weather-proof munnion sealing member 70 at the outermost of facade to provide and prevent moisture
The initial sealing point entered from building outside 35 or main seal point.It is positioned at or is trapped in perpendicular
Between frame, at interior of building 36 is foam block 79 (closed cell), foam block 79 (envelope
Close unit) along the length extension of munnion and as final seal point, and become at primary seal
This foam block 79 can be need not in the case of merit effect.
In use, including packing material 14 facade can in the form of such as face glass,
Face glass installs the exterior face to building by utilizing facade system 10 at the upper and lower
In the case of building scene is configured to single structure, once lower floor 20 and upper strata 22
Be constructed, then secondary windowsill is fixed to the downside on upper strata and in particular by facade bracket 43
Or the most directly or indirectly it is connected to lower floor beam 24a.Drainage element 50
It is fixed to the top of lower floor 20, and is specifically fixed to the structural elements on the top of lower floor.
The structural elements that drainage element is fixed to such as roof beam 27 etc can pass through one or more
Bracket is directly fixed or is indirectly fixed and carries out.
The bottom on upper strata or downside are closer to each other with the upside of lower floor, in secondary windowsill or drainage element
One or another one will carry sealing member so that when secondary windowsill and drainage element time in position close
Sealing is carried between corresponding secondary windowsill and the alignment portion of drainage element.
In the case of modular architectural constructs, by non-at-scene to pair windowsill and drainage element and
Its corresponding layer it is fixed to during constructing module unit.Therefore, arrive when modular architectural unit
Time on-the-spot, secondary windowsill and drainage element have been attached in place, thus secondary windowsill also carry two spherical
Sealing member 60.It is arranged on above lower mold massing unit 15a also at upper mold massing unit 15b
And when enabling the structural fasteners between attachment module unit, it is positioned at upper mold massing unit
The secondary windowsill 40 of lower end closes with drainage element 50 entrance of the upper end of lower mold massing unit
Close position.Upper mold massing unit and being further aligned of lower mold massing unit make secondary windowsill 40 He
Drainage element 50 carries out sealing alignment by therebetween sealing member.Once facade system
Parts are secured in place, then packing material can be mounted on the bottom margin of packing material
Secondary windowsill 40 at 38 and between the drainage element at the top 37 of implant 50.
In contrary embodiment, first can be arranged on secondary windowsill by non-at-scene for packing material
And it is transported to scene between drainage element and as fill assembly.The once lower floor of erect building
And upper strata, then by secondary windowsill is fixed to the bottom on upper strata and drainage element is fixed to lower floor
Upper end and fill assembly is installed to outside building.This mounting arrangements is for utilizing modularity
The structure that building unit carries out building is advantageous particularly.
Once packing material is installed in place, although the most dispensable, still can implement facade
The further sealing of system.The water of the form of 60 in ball seal between upper strata and lower floor
Flat seals provides sufficient horizontal seal.It is arranged on the weather proof between vertically-adjacent panel
Sealing member 70 provides sufficiently sealing between the panel that side-by-side is installed.This means nothing
Need to be time-consuming and expensive is such as sealed by the further of caulking joint etc.No matter building is constructed
Still include the layout of modular unit for single structure, facade system is each provided with a kind of by vertical
Quick, the reliably and effectively method and system of the outside to building is installed in face.
Although it should be appreciated that literary composition having been described with stand relevant with the alien invasion of building
Face attachment system, it is to be appreciated that, facade system can be used for being attached the inside of building and stands
Face.Additionally, as the attachment system of the interior facade for such as Zhongting or compound wall etc,
This system can be used for needing to be arranged on packing material above another packing material or adjacent to another
One packing material carries out any facade installed.Such as, facade system can be used as balcony
It is also to be noted that the packing material utilizing this system to install needs not be identical,
And can such as include the glass as the first packing material and as adjacent positioned
The sheet metal of two packing materials.