CN106192682A - Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method - Google Patents

Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106192682A
CN106192682A CN201610533560.2A CN201610533560A CN106192682A CN 106192682 A CN106192682 A CN 106192682A CN 201610533560 A CN201610533560 A CN 201610533560A CN 106192682 A CN106192682 A CN 106192682A
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China
Prior art keywords
paver
control system
paves
total powerstation
concrete
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201610533560.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106192682B (en
Inventor
徐大兴
纪学伟
赵月起
赵嘉硕
张腾鹤
刘宇航
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TANGSHAN XINGDOU ROAD&BRIDGE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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TANGSHAN XINGDOU ROAD&BRIDGE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610533560.2A priority Critical patent/CN106192682B/en
Publication of CN106192682A publication Critical patent/CN106192682A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106192682B publication Critical patent/CN106192682B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/12Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving for distributing granular or liquid materials
    • E01C19/18Devices for distributing road-metals mixed with binders, e.g. cement, bitumen, without consolidating or ironing effect
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y30/00Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y50/00Data acquisition or data processing for additive manufacturing
    • B33Y50/02Data acquisition or data processing for additive manufacturing for controlling or regulating additive manufacturing processes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B29/00Laying, rebuilding, or taking-up tracks; Tools or machines therefor
    • E01B29/005Making of concrete parts of the track in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/12Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving for distributing granular or liquid materials
    • E01C19/18Devices for distributing road-metals mixed with binders, e.g. cement, bitumen, without consolidating or ironing effect
    • E01C19/185Devices for distributing road-metals mixed with binders, e.g. cement, bitumen, without consolidating or ironing effect for both depositing and spreading-out or striking-off the deposited mixture

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D paves method, belong to technical field of road construction.Described 3D paver includes that paver and 3D pave control system;Paver includes work platforms and is arranged on the mechanism that paves in work platforms front;Work platforms is arranged on longitudinally walks on track;3D pave control system include being arranged on construction road side along the line monitoring elevation total powerstation, be fixed on the optical target of the mechanism one end that paves of paver, be fixed on the mechanism's other end that paves of paver for monitoring the Slope Transducer of the paving concrete pavement gradient and controlling device.The present invention uses total powerstation to be combined Slope Transducer control construction with optical target, it is not necessary to manually puts stake, has saved the engineering time.The control system of the present invention automatically controls paver and carries out paving operation, and once construction just can reach the construction precision of design, has stopped phenomenon of doing over again, has improve construction quality, has saved construction cost.

Description

Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method
Technical field
The present invention relates to railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D paves method, belong to technical field of road construction.
Background technology
Express highway roadbed and track traffic roadbed generally uses concrete cushion, traditional the executing of current concrete cushion Work industry is that several workmen is manually vibrated leveling, is measured by the anchoring wire being pre-placed and the elevation that controls to construct is peaceful Whole degree.Traditional measurement control method low precision of not only efficiency can not be guaranteed, can't be to there being the gradient or or complicated The concrete cushion of curved surface is effectively constructed, if the requirement that ready-made surface does not reaches construction reference is necessary for again executing Work.Due to the material expensive paved, once certain link generation problem, the loss caused can be huge.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of road elevation of concrete cushion, thickness and the gradient being precisely controlled Bed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver, described 3D concrete paver includes that paver and 3D pave and controls system System;Paver includes work platforms and is arranged on the mechanism that paves in work platforms front;Work platforms is arranged on longitudinally walking rail On road;The 3D control system that paves includes being arranged on the total powerstation, fixing of monitoring paving concrete pavement elevation of construction road side along the line The mechanism one end that paves of paver optical target, the mechanism's other end that paves that is fixed on paver paves road for monitoring The Slope Transducer of the face gradient and control device.
Further, described control device includes the control panel with 3D display, communication radio station, connection box, hydraulic pressure Valve;Slope Transducer is connected with connection box by cable, and hydraulic valve is connected with connection box by cable;Connection box by cable with Control panel is connected, and is connected with control panel by cable for receiving the communication radio station of total powerstation information.
Further, described in the mechanism that paves include that one end is fixed on the inclination angle oil cylinder of work platforms front end, inclination angle oil cylinder The other end is connected with left and right sliding oil cylinder, and the other end of left and right sliding oil cylinder fixes hoist cylinder;Inclination angle oil cylinder, left and right sliding oil The structure that cylinder, hoist cylinder are sequentially connected with has two groups of both sides laying respectively at the front end of work platforms;Stretching of hoist cylinder End is fixing connects distributing device, and the rear of distributing device connects the apparatus for leveling that vibrates;The two ends of distributing device respectively connect a hoist cylinder.
Further, optical target is fixed on the top of side hoist cylinder, and Slope Transducer is fixed on and optical target The lower end of the distributing device of relative opposite side.
Further, the apparatus for leveling that vibrates described in is the leveling oscillating plate that dither drives.
A kind of railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method, comprises following construction procedure,
A) determine control point, control point is set along the line in construction road both sides, and determines the 3D coordinate accurately at control point;
B) 3D modeling, forms the 3D road figure literary composition of the control system use that can be paved by 3D by construction drawing digital modeling Part, 3D mileage chart shape file comprises the 3D coordinate parameters of each point of construction road surface;
C) total powerstation sets up, and total powerstation is erected at the side in the front of paver direction of advance;
D) paver parameter is arranged, by the gait of march of paver, the empty paving coefficient of paving operation layer, paving operation layer Paving thickness, optical target are input to 3D to the parameter such as distance of the plane that do not paves and pave control system, and 3D paves control system Determine the concrete height of distributing device;
E) paving operation, the 3D control system that paves controls paver and automatically carries out the work that paves guiding in distance range Industry.
Further, step D) in the height of distributing device determine as follows
H=h-(l ÷ α);
In formula, H is the height of distributing device;
H is the optical target distance to the plane that do not paves;
L is the virtual resurfacing thickness of paving operation layer;
α takes 1.2~1.5 for void paving coefficient.
Further, step E) in the 3D control system that paves control paver to carry out the process that plane paves as follows, entirely stand Instrument is from motion tracking optical target;Total powerstation records the real-time coordinates of the mechanism that paves on paver by the optical target on paver Parameter, is sent to control system and the 3D coordinate parameters ratio of the 3D mileage chart shape file importing control system in advance after treatment Relatively, if the coordinate parameters of absolute fix there are differences with design parameter, then correction signal is converted into automatically controlled letter by control system Number, it is automatically adjusted hoist cylinder by adjustment hydraulic valve and adjusts height and the position of leveling oscillating plate of distributing device.
Further, step E) in the 3D control system that paves control paver to carry out the process that 3D paves as follows, total powerstation From motion tracking optical target;The real-time coordinates that total powerstation records, by the optical target on paver, the mechanism that paves on paver is joined Number, is sent to control system after treatment, and grade information is fed back to control system by Slope Transducer;Control system and pre-guide The 3D coordinate parameters of the 3D mileage chart shape file entering control system compares, if absolute fix coordinate and grade information are joined with design Number there are differences, then correction signal is converted into automatically controlled signal by control system, is automatically adjusted hoist cylinder by adjusting hydraulic valve Adjust height and the angle of leveling oscillating plate of distributing device.
Further, step E) in when paver and total powerstation distance 150~160m, total powerstation is erected at the next one Frame website
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the technique effect that the present invention produces is as follows:
The present invention uses total powerstation and optical target to measure and controls construction, it is not necessary to manually put stake, when having saved construction Between and construction testing cost, and can uninterruptedly construct with 24 hours and ensure construction quality.
For needing the road surface carrying out multilayer pouring can pave according to the fluctuating on road surface, upper strata, it is thus achieved that preferably put down Whole degree.
The control system of the present invention automatically controls and paves, and decreases artificial participation, and once construction just can reach to set The construction precision of meter, after construction, the flatness on road surface is good, has stopped phenomenon of doing over again, and improves construction quality, has saved and has been constructed into This.
The control system of the present invention automatically controls according to design drawing and paves, before alleviating the work of workmen Degree, improves labor efficiency.
The present invention is combined by total powerstation and Slope Transducer technology, it is possible to achieve to plane, inclined-plane and various Complex-curved surface carries out paving operation, it is achieved 3D solid paves.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is left view schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 sets up total powerstation schematic diagram at paver rear;
Fig. 4 is that the present invention controls device connection diagram;
Fig. 5 is that in work progress, schematic diagram is chosen at control point;
Fig. 6 is that in construction method of the present invention, total powerstation changes station schematic diagram;
Wherein, 1, work platforms, 2, longitudinally walking track, 3, control panel, 4, communication radio station, 5,3D display, 6, left Right sliding oil cylinder, 7, optical target, 8, hoist cylinder, 9, inclination angle oil cylinder, 10, distributing device, 11, dither, 12, leveling shakes Dynamic plate, 13, total powerstation, 14, TS handbook, 15, Slope Transducer, 16, connection box, 17, hydraulic valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the present invention is described in detail by specific embodiment:
The invention discloses a kind of railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and use this device to carry out railway roadbed substrate 3D coagulation The method that soil paves.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, described 3D concrete paver includes that paver and 3D pave control system;Paver includes Work platforms 1 and the mechanism that paves being arranged on work platforms 1 front;Work platforms 1 is arranged on longitudinally walks on track 2;3D spreads out Paving control system includes being arranged on the total powerstation 13 of the monitoring paving concrete pavement elevation of construction road side along the line, being fixed on paver The mechanism one end that paves optical target 7 and the Slope Transducer 15 of the other end monitoring paving concrete pavement gradient and control device. The control device of the present invention is arranged on work platforms 1, controls device and includes the control panel 3 with 3D display 5, communication electricity Platform 4, connection box 16, hydraulic valve 17;Slope Transducer 15 is connected with connection box 16 by cable, and hydraulic valve 17 is by cable and collection Line box 16 is connected;Connection box 16 is connected with control panel 3 by cable, leads to for receiving the communication radio station 4 of total powerstation 13 information Crossing cable to be connected with control panel 3, the present invention controls device connection diagram as shown in Figure 4.Control panel 3 is arranged on seat Workmen's operation is easy on side.3D display 5 can show the 3D parameter of current concrete cushion, design 3D parameter in real time And the control instruction that workmen is inputted by control panel.Communication radio station 4 is used for receiving the optics target that total powerstation 13 sends The real-time elevation information of mark 7, and show on 3D display, the real-time position information reflection of optical target 7 is exactly distributing device 10 and leveling oscillating plate 12 real-time elevation information.Slope Transducer 15 is used for monitoring the gradient of current paving concrete pavement, if Plane paves, and the data monitored are zero degree, if inclined-plane or curved surface pave, monitor reality road gradient or Curvature.
As in figure 2 it is shown, the mechanism that paves of paver includes that one end is fixed on the inclination angle oil cylinder 9 of work platforms 1 front end, inclination angle The other end of oil cylinder 9 is connected with left and right sliding oil cylinder 6, and the other end of left and right sliding oil cylinder 6 fixes hoist cylinder 8;Inclination angle oil cylinder 9, the structure that left and right sliding oil cylinder 6, hoist cylinder 8 are sequentially connected with has two groups of both sides laying respectively at the front end of work platforms; The telescopic end of hoist cylinder 8 is fixing connects distributing device 10, and the rear of distributing device 10 connects the apparatus for leveling that vibrates;The two of distributing device 10 Hold one hoist cylinder 8 of each connection.The apparatus for leveling that vibrates in the present embodiment use by dither 11 drive whole Flat oscillating plate 12, can reach leveling effect of well vibrating, and the pavement quality after construction is good.Auger cloth selected by distributing device 10 Glassware, cloth is uniform, creates good condition for follow-up leveling construction of vibrating.Inclination angle oil cylinder 9 can ensure that distributing device and Leveling oscillating plate 12 is in level all the time, thus ensures construction precision;To curved surface or carry acclive plane to carry out During paving operation, inclination angle oil cylinder 9 can control distributing device 10 with leveling oscillating plate 12 horizontal by certain angle by flexible, Thus realizing the construction of 3D solid, in Fig. 2, the direction of arrow indication is the direct of travel of paver.
The telescopic end of hoist cylinder 8 is downward, is fixed with optical target 7 on the top of hoist cylinder 8.Total powerstation 13 is by certainly Motion tracking optical target 7 control system on paver broadcast positional information, the control system so that the 3D of the present invention paves System can reach the positioning precision within 2mm.The telescopic end of hoist cylinder 8 is connected to the two ends of distributing device 10, distributing device 10 with And the real-time coordinates of the leveling oscillating plate 12 being connected with distributing device 10 feeds back to total powerstation 13, through total powerstation by optical target 7 It is sent to control system after 13 process compare with the positional information of design, the automatically controlled signal that correction signal is converted into paver is led to Cross the position being automatically adjusted hoist cylinder 8 to adjust distributing device 10 and leveling oscillating plate 12, reach millimetre-sized control accuracy.Slope Degree sensor 15 is fixed on the lower end of the distributing device of the opposite side relative with optical target 7.Slope Transducer 15 is worked as monitoring The gradient of front paving concrete pavement, if plane paves, then Slope Transducer is to install the elevation information of optical target 7 side by cloth Glassware 10 Automatic Levelling, if inclined-plane or curved surface pave, sends to control after monitoring actual road gradient or curvature System processed compare with design parameter send out afterwards control hydraulic valve 17 action adjust distributing device 10 paving concrete pavement to design the gradient or Curvature parameters.
The present invention can also arrange a total powerstation 13 for detecting the road after construction in any side after paver Whether face reaches construction reference, by matching used TS handbook 14 it can clearly be seen that the data detected, and every One detection data recorded in total powerstation, in order to the analysis after construct and improvement, specifically as it is shown on figure 3, arrow in Fig. 3 The direction of indication is the direction that paver is advanced.
Use the railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver in the present invention that railway roadbed base concrete bed course is carried out what 3D paved Construction procedure is as follows:
A) determine control point, control point is set along the line in construction road both sides, and determines the 3D coordinate accurately at control point; For ensureing that total powerstation guides the construction precision of paver, the distance of total powerstation to paver should be within 200m, so continuously The distance of two adjacent control points take 190~200m, and should be ensured that between adjacent control points, intervisibility is all right;If sending out There is sedimentation or is destroyed in existing control point, and needs to map out this some 3D coordinate accurately in time.In work progress, total powerstation Calculated the real-time coordinates of paver by the accurate coordinate at selected control point, control point is played in traditional construction operation The effect of anchoring wire.The control point of construction road both sides is crisscross arranged, choosing the most as shown in Figure 5 of control point.
B) 3D modeling, forms the 3D road figure literary composition of the control system use that can be paved by 3D by construction drawing digital modeling Part, and export to 3D and pave control system;3D mileage chart shape file comprises the 3D coordinate parameters of each point of construction road surface;This process Carry out once.
C) total powerstation sets up, and total powerstation is erected at the side of paver direction of advance road, in order to ensure that total powerstation exists Work progress can keep good monitoring state, preferably total powerstation is erected at paver and is mounted with optical target side By road.Ensureing the erection precision of total powerstation, total powerstation must level set up.
D) paver parameter is arranged, by the gait of march of paver, the empty paving coefficient of paving operation layer, paving operation layer Paving thickness, optical target are input to 3D to the parameters such as plan range that do not pave and pave control system, and the 3D control system that paves is true Determine the concrete height of distributing device.
The height of distributing device determines as follows
H=h-(l ÷ α);
In formula, H is the height of distributing device;
H is the optical target distance to the plane that do not paves;
L is the virtual resurfacing thickness of paving operation layer;
α takes 1.2~1.5 for void paving coefficient.
E) paving operation, the 3D control system that paves controls paver and automatically carries out paving operation guiding in distance range.
The 3D control system that paves controls paver to carry out the process that plane paves as follows, and total powerstation is from motion tracking optics target Mark;Total powerstation records the real-time coordinates parameter of the mechanism that paves on paver by the optical target on paver, sends out after treatment The 3D coordinate parameters of the 3D mileage chart shape file giving control system and import control system in advance compares, if absolute fix is sat Mark parameter there are differences with design parameter, then correction signal is converted into automatically controlled signal by control system, by adjusting hydraulic valve certainly Dynamic regulation hoist cylinder adjusts height and the position of leveling oscillating plate of distributing device.
The 3D control system that paves controls paver to carry out the process that 3D paves as follows, and total powerstation is from motion tracking optical target; Total powerstation is from motion tracking optical target;Total powerstation records the real-time of the mechanism that paves on paver by the optical target on paver Coordinate parameters, is sent to control system after treatment, and grade information is fed back to control system by Slope Transducer;Control system with The 3D coordinate parameters of the 3D mileage chart shape file importing control system in advance compares, if absolute fix coordinate and grade information with Design parameter there are differences, then correction signal is converted into automatically controlled signal by control system, is automatically adjusted liter by adjusting hydraulic valve Fall oil cylinder adjusts height and the angle of leveling oscillating plate of distributing device.
The optical target using total powerstation guiding measuring to use during operating paver checks leveling oscillating plate in time Height be enough to meet designed elevation.When paver close maximum designation range with the distance of total powerstation, for ensureing to measure essence Total powerstation, typically when paver and total powerstation distance 150~160m, is erected at next frame website by degree.
Illustrating specifically to change station process below in conjunction with Fig. 6, in Fig. 6, A point is set to starting point, and B point D point position total powerstation sets up point, The spacing of AB is 150~160m, and the spacing of BC is 150~160m, and the spacing of CD is 150~160m, arrow indication Direction is the direction that paver is advanced.Paver from A point proceed by construction operation through B point when arrive C point, paver away from Air line distance from the total powerstation of B point guides distance already close to the maximum of total powerstation, now the total powerstation of B point is inserted into D Point continues to be monitored paver guiding.
Use in the present invention railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and use the 3D method of paving to construct, completely without Carry out putting a hanging wire, saved engineering time and construction testing cost.Paver is drawn by total powerstation and Slope Transducer Leading control, control system controls paver and constructs fully according to design drawing, alleviates the labor intensity of operator, and can To reduce the quantity of on-the-spot construction paraprofessional personnel, it is greatly improved construction quality and efficiency, reduction of erection time, reduces and do over again and save Material etc..
The railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver of the present invention and traditional construction and currently used more laser leveling machine phase Ratio, it is possible to elevation, thickness and the gradient are precisely controlled, thus realize plane, inclined-plane and complex-curved automatically controlling and execute Work.
The present invention is combined by total powerstation and Slope Transducer technology, it is possible to achieve to plane, inclined-plane and various Complex-curved surface carries out paving operation, and range of application includes express highway roadbed, ring road, track traffic curve etc..

Claims (10)

1. a railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver, it is characterised in that: described 3D concrete paver includes paver and 3D Pave control system;Paver includes work platforms (1) and is arranged on the mechanism that paves in work platforms (1) front;Work platforms (1) it is arranged in longitudinally walking track (2);The 3D control system that paves includes that the monitoring being arranged on construction road side along the line paves The total powerstation (13) of road surface elevation, be fixed on paver the mechanism one end that paves optical target (7), be fixed on paver Pave mechanism's other end for monitoring the Slope Transducer (15) of the paving concrete pavement gradient and controlling device.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described control device includes band There are the control panel (3) of 3D display (5), communication radio station (4), connection box (16), hydraulic valve (17);Slope Transducer (15) is led to Crossing cable to be connected with connection box (16), hydraulic valve (17) is connected with connection box (16) by cable;Connection box (16) passes through cable It is connected with control panel (3), is used for the communication radio station (4) receiving total powerstation (13) information by cable and control panel (3) phase Even.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mechanism that paves described in: includes one End is fixed on the inclination angle oil cylinder (9) of work platforms (1) front end, the other end of inclination angle oil cylinder (9) and left and right sliding oil cylinder (6) phase Even, the other end of left and right sliding oil cylinder (6) fixes hoist cylinder (8);Inclination angle oil cylinder (9), left and right sliding oil cylinder (6), lifting oil The structure that cylinder (8) is sequentially connected with has two groups of both sides laying respectively at the front end of work platforms;The telescopic end of hoist cylinder (8) is solid Surely connecting distributing device (10), the rear of distributing device (10) connects the apparatus for leveling that vibrates;The two ends of distributing device (10) respectively connect one Hoist cylinder (8).
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: optical target (7) is fixed on The top of side hoist cylinder (8), Slope Transducer (15) is fixed on the distributing device of the opposite side relative with optical target (7) (10) lower end.
Paver the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the apparatus for leveling that vibrates described in: is that dither (11) drives Dynamic leveling oscillating plate (12).
6. a railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method, it is characterised in that: comprise following construction procedure,
A) determine control point, control point is set along the line in construction road both sides, and determines the 3D coordinate accurately at control point;
B) 3D modeling, forms the 3D mileage chart shape file of the control system use that can be paved by 3D, 3D by construction drawing digital modeling Mileage chart shape file comprises the 3D coordinate parameters of each point of construction road surface;
C) total powerstation sets up, and total powerstation is erected at the side in the front of paver direction of advance;
D) paver initial parameter is arranged, by the gait of march of paver, the empty paving coefficient of paving operation layer, paving operation layer Paving thickness, optical target are input to 3D to the parameter such as distance of the plane that do not paves and pave control system, and 3D paves control system Determine the concrete height of distributing device;
E) paving operation, the 3D control system that paves controls paver and automatically carries out paving operation guiding in distance range.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: step D) in distributing device Determine the most as follows
H=h-(l ÷ α);
In formula, H is the height of distributing device;
H is the optical target distance to the plane that do not paves;
L is the virtual resurfacing thickness of paving operation layer;
α takes 1.2~1.5 for void paving coefficient.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: step E) in 3D pave control System processed controls paver, and to carry out the process that plane paves as follows, and total powerstation is from motion tracking optical target;Total powerstation is by paving Optical target on machine records the real-time coordinates parameter of the mechanism that paves on paver, is sent to control system after treatment with in advance The 3D coordinate parameters of the 3D mileage chart shape file importing control system compares, if the coordinate parameters of absolute fix and design parameter There are differences, then correction signal is converted into automatically controlled signal by control system, is automatically adjusted hoist cylinder by adjusting hydraulic valve Adjust height and the position of leveling oscillating plate of distributing device.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: step E) in 3D pave control System processed controls paver, and to carry out the process that 3D paves as follows, and total powerstation is from motion tracking optical target;Total powerstation passes through paver On optical target record the real-time coordinates parameter of the mechanism that paves on paver, be sent to control system after treatment, the gradient passes Grade information is fed back to control system by sensor;The 3D of control system and the 3D mileage chart shape file importing control system in advance sits Mark parameter compares, if absolute fix coordinate and grade information there are differences with design parameter, then control system will correct signal It is converted into automatically controlled signal, is automatically adjusted hoist cylinder by adjustment hydraulic valve and adjusts the height of distributing device and flatten oscillating plate Angle.
Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete speading method the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: step E) in when paving When machine and total powerstation distance 150~160m, total powerstation is erected at next frame website.
CN201610533560.2A 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method Active CN106192682B (en)

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CN201610533560.2A CN106192682B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610533560.2A CN106192682B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Railway roadbed substrate 3D concrete paver and 3D pave method

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CN106192682B CN106192682B (en) 2019-01-25

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN108049291A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-18 江苏中路工程技术研究院有限公司 A kind of asphalt concrete pavement 3D paves construction method
CN108060779A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-05-22 上海建工集团股份有限公司 A kind of concrete construction tamping equipment and construction method
CN109082955A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-25 天津天轨道交通设备有限公司 Pedestal board concrete automation control flattens system
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CN111851208A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-30 北京城建华晟交通建设有限公司 Method for automatically adjusting virtual pavement thickness during pavement
CN112342874A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-02-09 河北星斗机械科技有限公司 Three-dimensional concrete paving and leveling method
CN112626980A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-09 江苏师范大学 Micro concrete paving equipment and process drawn by monorail crane for mine
CN112647386A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-13 江苏师范大学 Mining intelligent concrete pavement paving equipment and paving process thereof
CN112681069A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-20 江苏师范大学 Small concrete paving equipment and process driven by monorail crane for mine
CN113389108A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-09-14 广州睿控信息系统集成有限公司 Automatic paving thickness combined paving system and method based on gradient sensor

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CN106638233A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 盐城工学院 Ascending and descending scraping plate guide device of spreading machine
CN106914969A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-07-04 北京交通大学 A kind of 3D printing method of concrete component
CN107700320B (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-08-16 薛恒鹤 A kind of trackless intelligent paver
CN107700320A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-02-16 薛恒鹤 A kind of trackless intelligent paver
CN108060779A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-05-22 上海建工集团股份有限公司 A kind of concrete construction tamping equipment and construction method
CN107938440A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-20 广西三维铁路轨道制造有限公司 A kind of method that 3D printing stacks shaping adjustment road bed surface absolute altitude
CN108049291A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-18 江苏中路工程技术研究院有限公司 A kind of asphalt concrete pavement 3D paves construction method
CN109082955A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-25 天津天轨道交通设备有限公司 Pedestal board concrete automation control flattens system
CN109554994A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-04-02 广西路桥工程集团有限公司 A kind of 3D of bituminous pavement paves construction technology
CN109554994B (en) * 2018-12-13 2021-04-27 广西路桥工程集团有限公司 3D paving construction process for asphalt pavement
CN111851208A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-30 北京城建华晟交通建设有限公司 Method for automatically adjusting virtual pavement thickness during pavement
CN112342874A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-02-09 河北星斗机械科技有限公司 Three-dimensional concrete paving and leveling method
CN112626980A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-09 江苏师范大学 Micro concrete paving equipment and process drawn by monorail crane for mine
CN112647386A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-13 江苏师范大学 Mining intelligent concrete pavement paving equipment and paving process thereof
CN112681069A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-20 江苏师范大学 Small concrete paving equipment and process driven by monorail crane for mine
CN112681069B (en) * 2020-12-17 2022-04-29 江苏师范大学 Small concrete paving equipment and process driven by monorail crane for mine
CN113389108A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-09-14 广州睿控信息系统集成有限公司 Automatic paving thickness combined paving system and method based on gradient sensor

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