CN106192368A - 一种染色棉的生产工艺 - Google Patents

一种染色棉的生产工艺 Download PDF

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CN106192368A
CN106192368A CN201610563170.XA CN201610563170A CN106192368A CN 106192368 A CN106192368 A CN 106192368A CN 201610563170 A CN201610563170 A CN 201610563170A CN 106192368 A CN106192368 A CN 106192368A
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desizing
slurry
fixation
carry
cotton
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张冲
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Nantong Rich Island Bedding Development Co Ltd
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Nantong Rich Island Bedding Development Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B21/00Successive treatments of textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/10Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/38General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/008Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/58Material containing hydroxyl groups
    • D06P3/60Natural or regenerated cellulose
    • D06P3/66Natural or regenerated cellulose using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/02After-treatment

Abstract

本发明公开了一种染色棉的生产工艺,棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入氢氧化钠,快速升温;去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液;退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理;最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,水洗,后出浆;将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛;再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色。本发明以棉短绒为原料,放入蒸球蒸煮,用退浆机退浆,再利用除砂进一步除去浆料中的杂质,将除砂后的浆料进行酸处理、漂白和烘干,漂白过程中,加入次氯酸钠和盐酸,漂白效果好,再对棉织物丝光处理和磨毛,最后活性染色,固色牢靠,不易褪色。

Description

一种染色棉的生产工艺
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种染色棉的生产工艺,属于纺织技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]国内纺织彳丁业中,生广精制棉的方法是米用尚温尚喊蒸煮,精制棉的性能指标主要包括粘度、甲种纤维素含量、水分含量、吸湿度、灰分含量、硫酸不溶物含量和白度,虽然对棉短绒原料进行了开棉、除杂和蒸煮,除去了部分杂质,但是生产得到的精制棉的杂质仍较多,染色棉还容易褪色,固色度不强。因此,需要提供一种新的技术方案来解决上述问题。
发明内容
[0003]为解决上述问题,本发明提供一种染色棉的生产工艺,其得到的染色棉杂质含量较少。
[0004]本发明采用的技术方案是:
一种染色棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入质量浓度为3.5-4.0%的氢氧化钠,快速升温至100°C,保温15-30分钟;
b、去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液;
C、退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理,去除过量的氢氧化钠溶液;
d、最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,漂白时间20-30分钟后,水洗至PH=6-7,后出浆;
e、将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,在经玮方向上都受到张力的情况下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛;
f、再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色,固色水温95°C以上,即可。
[0005]本发明优点:本发明以棉短绒为原料,放入蒸球蒸煮,用退浆机退浆,再利用除砂进一步除去楽■料中的杂质,进而提尚精制棉的品质;将除砂后的楽■料进彳丁酸处理、漂白和供干,漂白过程中,加入次氯酸钠和盐酸,漂白效果好,能得到白度更高的精制棉,再对棉织物丝光处理和磨毛,最后活性染色,固色牢靠,不易褪色。
具体实施方式
[0006]下面的实施例用以说明本发明,但不限定本发明。
[0007] 实施例1
一种染色棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入质量浓度为3.5%的氢氧化钠,快速升温至100°C,保温15分钟;
b、去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液; C、退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理,去除过量的氢氧化钠溶液;
d、最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,漂白时间20分钟后,水洗至PH=6,后出浆;
e、将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,在经玮方向上都受到张力的情况下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛;
f、再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色,固色水温95°C以上,即可。
[0008] 实施例2
一种染色棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入质量浓度为3.8%的氢氧化钠,快速升温至1000C,保温22分钟;
b、去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液;
C、退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理,去除过量的氢氧化钠溶液;
d、最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,漂白时间25分钟后,水洗至PH=6,后出浆;
e、将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,在经玮方向上都受到张力的情况下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛;
f、再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色,固色水温95°C以上,即可。
[0009] 实施例3
一种染色棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入质量浓度为4.0%的氢氧化钠,快速升温至1000C,保温30分钟;
b、去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液;
C、退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理,去除过量的氢氧化钠溶液;
d、最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,漂白时间30分钟后,水洗至PH=7,后出浆;
e、将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,在经玮方向上都受到张力的情况下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛;
f、再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色,固色水温95°C以上,即可。
[0010]本发明以棉短绒为原料,放入蒸球蒸煮,用退浆机退浆,再利用除砂进一步除去浆料中的杂质,进而提高精制棉的品质;将除砂后的浆料进行酸处理、漂白和烘干,漂白过程中,加入次氯酸钠和盐酸,漂白效果好,能得到白度更高的精制棉,再对棉织物丝光处理和磨毛,最后活性染色,固色牢靠,不易褪色。

Claims (1)

1.一种染色棉的生产工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: a、棉短绒条放入蒸球,加入质量浓度为3.5-4.0%的氢氧化钠,快速升温至100 V,保温15-30分钟; b、去除织布时上在经纱上的浆料,采用退浆机进行退浆,加入退浆酶,得退浆液; C、退浆液在除砂器作用下进行除砂,再加入稀硫酸进行酸处理,去除过量的氢氧化钠溶液; d、最后在浆液中加入次氯酸钠进行漂白,漂白时间20-30分钟后,水洗至PH=6-7,后出浆; e、将上述白浆压榨、烘干后,进行丝光处理,棉织物在低温下,在经玮方向上都受到张力的情况下,用浓的烧碱溶液处理,丝光结束后,再接着磨毛; f、再活性染色,采用盐和纯碱固色,再采用双氧水还原固色,固色水温95°C以上,即可。
CN201610563170.XA 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 一种染色棉的生产工艺 Pending CN106192368A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109645585A (zh) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-19 宁波市海曙华比欧服饰有限公司 一种吸湿快干面料的公主裙及其加工工艺

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102828375A (zh) * 2012-09-20 2012-12-19 张家港市金陵纺织有限公司 一种全棉牛津色织面料生产工艺
CN103225114A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-31 杨金福 一种高白度精制棉的生产工艺
CN103266357A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-28 杨金福 一种精制棉的生产工艺
CN103362000A (zh) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-23 太仓市隆丝达针织时装有限责任公司 一种棉布的染色方法

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103362000A (zh) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-23 太仓市隆丝达针织时装有限责任公司 一种棉布的染色方法
CN102828375A (zh) * 2012-09-20 2012-12-19 张家港市金陵纺织有限公司 一种全棉牛津色织面料生产工艺
CN103225114A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-31 杨金福 一种高白度精制棉的生产工艺
CN103266357A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-28 杨金福 一种精制棉的生产工艺

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109645585A (zh) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-19 宁波市海曙华比欧服饰有限公司 一种吸湿快干面料的公主裙及其加工工艺

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Application publication date: 20161207