CN106192359A - 一种亚麻棉的生产工艺 - Google Patents

一种亚麻棉的生产工艺 Download PDF

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CN106192359A
CN106192359A CN201610563202.6A CN201610563202A CN106192359A CN 106192359 A CN106192359 A CN 106192359A CN 201610563202 A CN201610563202 A CN 201610563202A CN 106192359 A CN106192359 A CN 106192359A
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cotton
mentioned
caulis
silk
carry out
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张冲
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Nantong Rich Island Bedding Development Co Ltd
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Nantong Rich Island Bedding Development Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/50Modified hand or grip properties; Softening compositions

Abstract

本发明涉及一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,进行灭酶处理;用氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,再压榨;将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料;上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆;在上述浆液中加入双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,得白浆;将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。本反应比较容易操作,先对原料处理能除去麻皮,安全环保,再蒸煮,后漂白分为两次进行,中间过程加酸,可以中和过量的蒸煮碱液,使得废液中碱液量减少,漂白后除砂,进一步除去浆料中的杂质,进而提高精制棉的品质能,得到白度更高、织物强度高、手感好的亚麻棉。

Description

一种亚麻棉的生产工艺
技术领域
[0001 ]本发明涉及一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,属于纺织技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]国内纺织行业中,生产精制棉的方法是采用高温高碱蒸煮,含氯漂白的传统生产工艺,蒸煮漂白时间长达5、6个小时,能耗高,排放量大。蒸煮是一次性完成的,蒸煮时间过长,生产效率低,碱液用量大,废液多,难治理。因此,需要提供一种新的技术方案来解决上述问题。
发明内容
[0003]本发明的目的是提供一种操作容易、蒸煮时间短的亚麻棉的生产工艺。
[0004]本发明采用的技术方案是:
一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,保持温度45°C -55°C作用下处理28min-40min,然后进行90°C煮5min进行灭酶处理,洗净烘干即可;
b、用质量浓度为2.5%的氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,喷淋时间10-30分钟,再压榨棉短绒和亚麻丝;
C、将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,蒸煮20-30分钟,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料;
d、上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆,使浆液含氯量保持在0.18-0.2g/L;
e、在上述浆液中加入质量浓度2-3%的双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,温度控制在40-60°C,漂白时间45-60分钟,得白浆;
f、将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。
[0005]在白浆中加入稀硫酸进行中和反应,得PH值为7-8。
[0006]本发明优点:本反应比较容易操作,先对原料处理能除去麻皮,安全环保,再蒸煮,后漂白分为两次进行,中间过程加酸,可以中和过量的蒸煮碱液,使得废液中碱液量减少,因为进行了预漂白,后来漂白时间更短了,漂白后除砂,进一步除去浆料中的杂质,进而提尚精制棉的品质能,得到白度更尚、织物强度尚、手感好的亚麻棉。
具体实施方式
[0007]下面的实施例用以说明本发明,但不限定本发明。
[0008] 实施例1
一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,保持温度45°C作用下处理28minmin,然后进行90°C煮5min进行灭酶处理,洗净烘干即可; b、用质量浓度为2.5%的氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,喷淋时间10分钟,再压榨棉短绒和亚麻丝;
C、将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,蒸煮20分钟,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料;
d、上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆,使浆液含氯量保持在0.18g/L;
e、在上述浆液中加入质量浓度2%的双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,温度控制在40°C,漂白时间45分钟,得白楽;
f、将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。
[0009]在白浆中加入稀硫酸进行中和反应,得PH值为7。
[0010] 实施例2
一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,保持温度50°C作用下处理32min,然后进行90°C煮5min进行灭酶处理,洗净烘干即可;
b、用质量浓度为2.5%的氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,喷淋时间20分钟,再压榨棉短绒和亚麻丝;
C、将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,蒸煮25分钟,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料;
d、上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆,使浆液含氯量保持在0.19g/L;
e、在上述浆液中加入质量浓度2-3%的双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,温度控制在50°C,漂白时间52分钟,得白浆;
f、将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。
[0011]在白浆中加入稀硫酸进行中和反应,得PH值为7.5。
[0012] 实施例3
一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,包括以下步骤:
a、选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,保持温度55°C作用下处理40min,然后进行90°C煮5min进行灭酶处理,洗净烘干即可;
b、用质量浓度为2.5%的氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,喷淋时间30分钟,再压榨棉短绒和亚麻丝;
C、将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,蒸煮30分钟,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料;
d、上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆,使浆液含氯量保持在0.2g/L;
e、在上述浆液中加入质量浓度3%的双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,温度控制在60°C,漂白时间60分钟,得白楽;
f、将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。
[0013]在白浆中加入稀硫酸进行中和反应,得PH值为8。
[0014]本反应比较容易操作,先对原料处理能除去麻皮,安全环保,再蒸煮,后漂白分为两次进行,中间过程加酸,可以中和过量的蒸煮碱液,使得废液中碱液量减少,因为进行了预漂白,后来漂白时间更短了,漂白后除砂,进一步除去浆料中的杂质,进而提高精制棉的品质能,得到白度更高、织物强度高、手感好的亚麻棉。

Claims (2)

1.一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: a、选取棉短绒和亚麻丝为原料,投入处理液中,保持温度45°C -55°C作用下处理28min-40min,然后进行90°C煮5min进行灭酶处理,洗净烘干即可; b、用质量浓度为2.5%的氢氧化钠溶液,对上述棉短绒和亚麻丝进行喷淋,喷淋时间10-30分钟,再压榨棉短绒和亚麻丝; C、将上述经压榨后的棉短绒和亚麻丝放入蒸箱,蒸煮20-30分钟,再进入混纺机混纺得亚麻棉坯料; d、上述亚麻棉坯料进行洗浆,使浆液含氯量保持在0.18-0.2g/L; e、在上述浆液中加入质量浓度2-3%的双氧水漂白液进行预漂白,温度控制在40-60°C,漂白时间45-60分钟,得白浆; f、将上述白浆加水后进入旋流分离器中进行除砂,然后再离心脱水,脱水后的棉浆在粉碎机中打散,干燥水分,得成品。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种亚麻棉的生产工艺,其特征在于:在白浆中加入稀硫酸进行中和反应,得PH值为7-8。
CN201610563202.6A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 一种亚麻棉的生产工艺 Pending CN106192359A (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109024040A (zh) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 合肥五凡工程设计有限公司 一种棉纤维精细化生产方法
CN109082876A (zh) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-25 厦门延江新材料股份有限公司 一种棉花漂白方法

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1718912A (zh) * 2005-07-14 2006-01-11 沙洲职业工学院 麻及其混纺织物浸渍法生物酶前处理工艺
CN103233383A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 杨金福 一种超高粘度精制棉的生产工艺
CN103266357A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-28 杨金福 一种精制棉的生产工艺
CN105040433A (zh) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-11 湖州市南浔善琏鑫塔绢麻纺织厂 一种亚麻棉混纺织物的预处理工艺

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1718912A (zh) * 2005-07-14 2006-01-11 沙洲职业工学院 麻及其混纺织物浸渍法生物酶前处理工艺
CN103233383A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 杨金福 一种超高粘度精制棉的生产工艺
CN103266357A (zh) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-28 杨金福 一种精制棉的生产工艺
CN105040433A (zh) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-11 湖州市南浔善琏鑫塔绢麻纺织厂 一种亚麻棉混纺织物的预处理工艺

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109082876A (zh) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-25 厦门延江新材料股份有限公司 一种棉花漂白方法
CN109024040A (zh) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 合肥五凡工程设计有限公司 一种棉纤维精细化生产方法

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