CN106187037B - The method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments - Google Patents

The method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Download PDF

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CN106187037B
CN106187037B CN201610518606.3A CN201610518606A CN106187037B CN 106187037 B CN106187037 B CN 106187037B CN 201610518606 A CN201610518606 A CN 201610518606A CN 106187037 B CN106187037 B CN 106187037B
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sponge brick
catchments
porous sponge
aluminum oxide
zeolite
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CN106187037A (en
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李爱军
郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/02Agglomerated materials, e.g. artificial aggregates
    • C04B18/027Lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/08Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding porous substances
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00284Materials permeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00439Physico-chemical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00465Heat conducting materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials

Abstract

The present invention provides the method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, and comprises the following steps:The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter is 100~250 μm of 60~75wt% of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, 3~the 10wt% of flyash and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber proportion samples of loss on ignition 1.1% are simultaneously well mixed, compound is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, add the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.0%, aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble, form porous expansion water suction slurries, the expansion water suction slurries of preparation are stirred and poured into the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, compacting, the demoulding, dry, the porous sponge brick that catchments is made.

Description

The method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, belong to material skill Art is led.
Background technology
Due to EI Nino and La Nina Phenomenon, there is extreme change in the weather in China, and rainfall distributed pole is uneven, south Northern drought and waterlogging are uneven, and rainfall is also extremely unequal in same area, 1 year, and water shortage has restricted expanding economy and the people Life, rationally using existing precipitation, by cell road surface, road, the effective precipitation in public leisure square rationally collect, store, Utilize, alleviate the water of using in drought and water shortage season, it is significant.
The content of the invention
Zeolite aluminum oxide cenosphere is as base-material, and alumina refractory, thermal stability are good, high intensity, mechanical performance Good, chemical property is good, resistance to strong acid, strong base solution, organic solvent and chloride corrosion, and the smaller specific surface area of sized zeolite particles is bigger, Adsorption capacity is stronger, and zeolite can adsorb ammoniacal nitrogen, organic matter and heavy metal ion in water, also with ion exchange and acidproof Heat-resisting performance, the pH value of water is adjusted, sponge brick surface can be thermally conducted in soil, using sodium metasilicate as binding agent, Cement increases mechanical strength and cementation for the porous sponge brick that catchments, and the resin fibre of flyash and polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption is Strong water absorbent, using dilatant slurry, the density of slurries being reduced, a face of the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments is in dovetail channel-shaped, The porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick enters dovetail groove, is flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, collector pipe catchments porous Sponge brick links together, and rainwater catchment is into collecting-tank.
Its technical scheme is:The method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, the first step, The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter are 100~250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres 60~75wt%, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, the 3~10wt% of flyash and polyvinyl alcohol of loss on ignition 1.1% High hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, the percentage by weight sum of above each component is 100%;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sample by the percentage by weight of the first step, first will Particle diameter is that 100~250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide hollow ceramic microspheres are put into feed bin, is sent into distributing device by elevator, distributing device will Zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and spray thrower is by the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 The outer surface of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres is uniformly sprayed at, zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are with speed governing Belt conveyer scale enters in inside spin drum agitation device, makes the outer surface of each zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres uniformly attached Sodium metasilicate, sodium metasilicate is inorganic bond, is hydrophilic, and cohesive force is strong, intensity is higher, acid resistance, heat-resist, hydrophilic Performance does not influence caking property, and compound is 15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter is 100~250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramics 60~75wt% of microballon, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5,3~10wt% of flyash of loss on ignition 1.1% and poly- second Enol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, then compound is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, ash is compound, most The aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.0% is added afterwards, hydration reaction generation bubble, forms the porous slurry for expanding water suction Liquid, the weight of sponge brick is reduced, polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water imbibition, the sponge brick resistance to compression after water suction Intensity is constant;
The preparation of the porous sponge brick that catchments of 3rd step, heat-conducting type:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step stir Pour into the die trial of sponge brick press, by 1.2~2.0:1 volume ratio is suppressed, and ratio 1.2~2.0 is the volume before compacting, than Example 1 is the volume after compacting, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, drying, the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments, the porous sponge brick that catchments One face is in dovetail channel-shaped, and the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick enters in dovetail groove, in collector pipe insertion dovetail groove, is catchmented A part of arc surface in pipe insertion dovetail groove is openning shape, and another part arc surface is closed, and rainwater catchments by porous Sponge brick collects, and into dovetail groove, collector pipe is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, and collector pipe is by the single porous sponge brick that catchments Link together, the rainwater that collector pipe collects enters in collecting-tank.
The preparation of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres:By 80~200 μm of zeolites of particle diameter, 200~400 μm of aluminum oxide Powder is by weight 70~85:15~30 compounds stir, and the percentage by weight sum of two kinds of components is 100%, compound Sized mixing by 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, the compound that ash forms for two kinds of compositions of zeolite and aluminum oxide, by centrifugal rotation at a high speed Spray and form microballon, then expanded through 600~900 DEG C, 1000~1500 DEG C of firings, quickly cooling, 50~100 μm of wall thickness of formation, The zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres of 100~250 μm of particle diameter, by high-temperature firing, form modified zeolite oxidation Aluminium composite ceramics resistance to compression microballon, the component of material is different, and the chemical property of modified material is also different, alumina refractory, heat Stability is good, high intensity, good mechanical property, and chemical property is good, resistance to strong acid, strong base solution, organic solvent and chloride corrosion, The smaller specific surface area of sized zeolite particles is bigger, and adsorption capacity is stronger, and zeolite can adsorb ammoniacal nitrogen, organic matter and heavy metal in water Ion, the performance also with ion exchange and acidproof heat-proof, the pH value of water is adjusted, sponge brick surface can be thermally conducted to In soil.
The modulus of sodium metasilicate is most important, and when modulus is more than 3.5, with the increase of modulus, sodium metasilicate, which is hardened, to become fragile, and glues Knot property is deteriorated, and when modulus is less than 3.2, caking property declines.
A rainwater part for accumulation is pooled in collecting-tank by the porous sponge brick that catchments by collector pipe, and another part penetrates into Into soil, increase soil water content, in summer high-temperature season, the heat on surface can also be transmitted to by the porous sponge brick that catchments In soil, the temperature on sponge tile floor surface is reduced, the thermal capacity of water is big, and can absorb heat also can heat release.
Flyash is strong water absorbent, by high temperature sintering, there is higher activity.
The present invention has advantages below.
1st, the Materials Inorganic environment-friendly materials used in sponge brick are prepared, environment will not be damaged, the recyclable energy of sponge brick It is used for multiple times.
2nd, it is strong water absorbent to prepare sponge brick flyash and the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption, can absorb sponge brick table The moisture in face enters inside, when reaching certain amount, is dropped into the presence of by gravity in collector pipe.
3rd, aluminium powder cream is added in compound, forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the density of slurries.
4th, zeolite can adsorb ammoniacal nitrogen, organic matter and the heavy metal ion in water, also with ion exchange and acidproof resistance to The performance of heat, adjusts the pH value of water, sponge brick surface can be thermally conducted in soil.
5th, alumina refractory, thermal stability are good, high intensity, good mechanical property, and chemical property is good, resistance to strong acid, highly basic Solution, organic solvent and chloride corrosion.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the axle geodesic structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the bottom of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention regards structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the monolithic sponge brick of the embodiment of the present invention is linked together by collector pipe.
Wherein 1 in figure, sponge brick 2, dovetail groove 3, collector pipe.
Embodiment
Embodiment.
In embodiment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Method, the preparation of the first step, zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres:First 100 μm of zeolites of particle diameter, 300 μm of aluminum oxide are pressed Weight is than 85:15 compounds are stirred, and compound is sized mixing by 0.6 ratio of mud, are formed by centrifugal rotation high speed injection micro- Pearl, then through 820 DEG C of expansions, 1150 DEG C of high-temperature firings, quick cooling, 80 μm of wall thickness is formed, particle diameter is 150 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide Perforate hollow ceramic microspheres.
The dispensing of second step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:It is that 150 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforates are empty to take cement 18wt%, particle diameter Heart ceramic fine bead 64wt%, the sodium metasilicate 10wt% of modulus 3.5, the flyash 4.5wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%, polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption Resin fibre 3.5wt%.
The preparation of 3rd step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sample by the percentage by weight of the first step, first will Particle diameter is that 150 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are put into feed bin, is sent into distributing device by elevator, distributing device will boil Stone aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and spray thrower uniformly sprays the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.5 The outer surface of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres is sprinkled upon, enters inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, will be mixed Close material to size mixing with 0.55 ratio of mud, add the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.5%, hydration reaction generation bubble, formed Porous expansion water suction slurries, reduce the weight of sponge brick, and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water imbibition, absorbed water Sponge brick compression strength afterwards is constant, and zeolite has adsorptivity, can adsorb ammoniacal nitrogen, organic matter and heavy metal in water from Son, the performance also with ion exchange and acidproof heat-proof, the pH value of water is adjusted, sponge brick surface can be thermally conducted to soil In earth.
The preparation of the porous sponge brick that catchments of 4th step, absorbent-type:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step stir Pour into the die trial of sponge brick press, by 1.3:1 volume ratio compacting, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, drying, is made porous Catchment sponge brick 1, and a face of the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments is in the shape of dovetail groove 2, and the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick 1 enters In dovetail groove 2, collector pipe 3 is installed in dovetail groove 2, rainwater collects by the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, into dovetail groove 2 It is interior, collector pipe 3 is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, and collector pipe 3 links together the single porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, and collector pipe 3 converges The rainwater of collection enters in collecting-tank, by precipitating, filtering, reuses.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, being not the limitation for making other forms to the present invention, appoint What those skilled in the art changed or be modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent variations etc. Embodiment is imitated, every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, the technical spirit according to type of the present invention is made to above example Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling, still fall within the protection domain of type technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, comprises the following steps:
The dispensing of the first step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter are 100~250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforates 60~75wt% of hollow ceramic microspheres, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, loss on ignition 1.1% flyash 3~ 10wt% and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, the percentage by weight sum of above each component is 100%, boiling The preparation of stone aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres:By 80~200 μm of zeolites of particle diameter, 200~400 μm of alumina powders by weight 70~85:15~30 compounds stir, and the percentage by weight sum of two kinds of components is 100%, and compound presses 0.5~0.7 The ratio of mud size mixing, ash for zeolite and aluminum oxide two kinds of compositions composition compound, by centrifugal rotation at a high speed injection formed it is micro- Pearl, then through 600~900 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1500 DEG C fire, quick cooling, formed 50~100 μm of wall thickness, particle diameter 100~ 250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sampled by the percentage by weight of the first step, first by particle diameter It is put into for 100~250 μm of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres in feed bin, distributing device is sent into by elevator, distributing device will Zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and spray thrower is by the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 The outer surface of zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres is uniformly sprayed at, zeolite aluminum oxide perforate hollow ceramic microspheres are with speed governing Belt conveyer scale, which enters in inside spin drum agitation device, to be stirred, then compound is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, is finally added Enter the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.0% to stir, aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generation bubble, form porous expansion The slurries of water suction;
The preparation of the porous sponge brick that catchments of 3rd step, heat-conducting type:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir, to be poured into In the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, drying, the porous sponge brick that catchments is made(1), porous sponge of catchmenting Brick(1)A face be in dovetail groove(2)Shape, collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)It is interior, collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)It is interior A part of arc surface be openning shape, another part arc surface is closed, and rainwater passes through the porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Remittance Collection, into dovetail groove(2)It is interior, entered collector pipe by the effect of gravity(3), collector pipe(3)By the single porous sponge brick that catchments(1) Link together, collector pipe(3)The rainwater collected enters in collecting-tank.
CN201610518606.3A 2016-07-05 2016-07-05 The method that heat-conducting type zeolite aluminium oxide ceramics microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Active CN106187037B (en)

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DE19702254A1 (en) * 1997-01-23 1998-07-30 Hermsdorfer Inst Tech Keramik Highly porous moulding especially light construction block
CN101725208B (en) * 2009-11-27 2011-05-25 河南大学 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation crack-resisting brick made from modified vitrified micro beads
CN103467058B (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-11 山东理工大学 Method for preparing waterproof, antifouling, environment-friendly and flame retardant insulation board by using pitchstone beads
CN103833310A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-06-04 山西省第二建筑工程公司 Novel thermal-insulation building block
CN104016710B (en) * 2014-06-17 2016-05-11 江苏晶瑞特环保新材料有限公司 Lightweight insulating concrete building block and preparation method thereof

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