CN106187028B - The method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments - Google Patents

The method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106187028B
CN106187028B CN201610518567.7A CN201610518567A CN106187028B CN 106187028 B CN106187028 B CN 106187028B CN 201610518567 A CN201610518567 A CN 201610518567A CN 106187028 B CN106187028 B CN 106187028B
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sponge brick
quartz
catchments
porous sponge
perforate
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CN106187028A (en
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张雨滋
郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/02Agglomerated materials, e.g. artificial aggregates
    • C04B18/027Lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/08Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding porous substances
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00284Materials permeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/52Sound-insulating materials

Abstract

The present invention provides the method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, and comprises the following steps:The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:By 15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter is 200~450 μm of 45~65wt% of quartz perforate cenosphere, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, particle diameter is 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, 5~7wt% of flyash of loss on ignition 1.1%, 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and 15~30wt% of ceramic fibre are well mixed, compound is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, add the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.5%, aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble, form porous expansion water suction slurries, expansion water suction slurries are stirred and poured into the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, compacting, the demoulding, dry, sponge brick is made.

Description

The method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, belong to material skill Art is led.
Background technology
Due to EI Nino and La Nina Phenomenon, there is extreme change in the weather in China, and rainfall distributed pole is uneven, south Northern drought and waterlogging are uneven, and rainfall is also extremely unequal in same area, 1 year, and water shortage has restricted expanding economy and the people Life, rationally using existing precipitation, by cell road surface, road, the effective precipitation in public leisure square rationally collect, store, Utilize, alleviate the water of using in drought and water shortage season, it is significant.
The content of the invention
The main component of quartz is silica and iron oxide, mechanical hardness highest, high temperature resistant, wear-resisting pressure-resistant, chemically Matter is stable, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy, and ceramic fibre increases the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to forms sponge brick more The individual micropore intersected in length and breadth, micropore have the function of sound-absorbing, and using sodium metasilicate as binding agent, cement is porous sponge brick increasing of catchmenting Add mechanical strength and cementation, the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption is strong water absorbent, using dilatant slurry, reduces slurries Density, a face of the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments is in dovetail channel-shaped, it is porous catchment sponge brick absorption moisture enter swallow Stern notch, collector pipe is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, collector pipe links together the porous sponge brick that catchments, and rainwater catchment is to catchmenting Chi Zhong.
Its technical scheme is:The method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, the first step, The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter be 200~450 μm of quartz perforate cenospheres 45~ 65wt%, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, particle diameter are 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, loss on ignition 1.1% 15~30wt% of 5~7wt% of flyash, 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and ceramic fibre, the weight of above each component Percentage sum is 100%;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sample by the percentage by weight of the first step, first will Particle diameter is that 50~100 μm of quartz perforate cenospheres are put into feed bin, and distributing device is sent into by elevator, and distributing device is by quartz Perforate cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz by spray thrower The outer surface of stone perforate cenosphere, enter inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, sodium metasilicate is inorganic bond, is Hydrophilic, cohesive force is strong, intensity is higher, acid resistance, heat-resist, and hydrophilicity does not influence caking property, and compound is cement 15~20wt%, particle diameter are 200~450 μm of 45~65wt% of quartz perforate cenosphere, sodium metasilicate 5 of modulus 3.2~3.5 ~15wt%, particle diameter are 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, 5~7wt% of flyash of loss on ignition 1.1%, high hydroscopic resin fibre 15~30wt% of 0.5~5.0wt% and ceramic fibre to be tieed up, compound is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, ash is compound, then The aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.5% is added, hydration reaction generation bubble, forms the porous slurries for expanding water suction, The weight of sponge brick is reduced, polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water imbibition, the sponge brick pressure resistance after water suction Spend constant, ceramic fibre is hollow form, can increase the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to form sponge brick and multiple intersect in length and breadth Micropore, micropore have stronger sound absorption function;
The preparation of 3rd step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir, pours into sea In the die trial of continuous brick press, by 1.2~2.0:1 volume ratio is suppressed, and ratio 1.2~2.0 is the volume before compacting, and ratio 1 is Volume after compacting, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, dry, a face of the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments is in dovetail channel-shaped, more Hole catchment sponge brick absorption moisture enter dovetail groove in, collector pipe insertion dovetail groove in, rainwater passes through the porous sponge brick that catchments Collect, into dovetail groove, flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, the single porous sponge brick that catchments is connected to by collector pipe Together, the rainwater that collector pipe collects enters in collecting-tank.
The preparation of quartz ore perforate cenosphere:It is spherical solid micro- that quartz is first processed into 100~300 μm of particle diameter Pearl, boosted machine, which enters in 360~500 DEG C of preheating furnaces, to be preheated, and is sloughed intermolecular Free water, is retained the interior water of intramolecular, in advance Material after heat is distributed by elevator into cloth distributor through uniform distribution again, and the quartz microballon after preheating enters drawing-in type In perforate puffing furnace, by 800~900 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1400 DEG C of high temperature sinterings, air-flow from drawing-in type perforate puffing furnace Bottom enters in stove, and in the presence of the suction force of air-introduced machine, drawing-in type perforate expands the microballon after sintering from the bottom of puffing furnace Portion moves to top, through feed pipe to product feed bin, quick cooling, forms 50~100 μm of wall thickness, the stone that 200~450 μm of particle diameter Diamond stone perforate cenosphere, by high temperature sintering, thermally-denatured quartz ceramic material is formed, the component of material is different, changes The chemical property of material is also different after property, and the main component of quartz is silica and iron oxide, and mechanical hardness highest is wear-resisting resistance to Pressure, high temperature resistant, chemical property are stable, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
Calcium oxide hydration reaction, substantial amounts of heat is produced, generation calcium hydroxide is in as a form of gel, is given birth to silica, aluminum oxide Into calcium silicates, calcium oxide is activator, the activity of excited cement.
A rainwater part for accumulation is pooled in collecting-tank by the porous sponge brick that catchments by collector pipe, and another part penetrates into Into soil, increase soil water content, in summer high-temperature season, the heat on surface can also be transmitted to by the porous sponge brick that catchments In soil, the temperature on sponge tile floor surface is reduced, the thermal capacity of water is big, and can absorb heat also can heat release.
Flyash is strong water absorbent, by high temperature sintering, there is higher activity.
The present invention has advantages below.
1st, the Materials Inorganic environment-friendly materials used in sponge brick are prepared, environment will not be damaged, the recyclable energy of sponge brick Secondary use.
2nd, it is strong water absorbent to prepare sponge brick flyash and the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption, can absorb sponge brick table The moisture in face enters inside, when reaching certain amount, is dropped into the presence of by gravity in collector pipe.
3rd, aluminium powder cream is added in compound, forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the density of slurries.
4th, toughened fiber enhancing sponge brick resistance to compression and fold resistance.
5th, the main component of quartz is silica and iron oxide, mechanical hardness highest, high temperature resistant, wear-resisting pressure-resistant, resistance to height Temperature, chemical property are stable, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
6th, ceramic fibre is hollow form, can increase the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to forms sponge brick and multiple hands in length and breadth The micropore of fork, micropore have stronger sound absorption function.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the axle geodesic structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the bottom of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention regards structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the monolithic sponge brick of the embodiment of the present invention is linked together by collector pipe.
Wherein 1 in figure, sponge brick 2, dovetail groove 3, collector pipe.
Embodiment
Embodiment.
In embodiment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Method, the preparation of the first step, quartz ore perforate cenosphere:It is spherical solid micro- that quartz is first processed into 150 μm of particle diameter Pearl, boosted machine, which enters in 500 DEG C of preheating furnaces, to be preheated, and is sloughed intermolecular Free water, is retained the interior water of intramolecular, after preheating Material is distributed by elevator into cloth distributor through uniform distribution again, and it is swollen that the quartz microballon after preheating enters drawing-in type perforate Change in stove, enter by 850 DEG C of expansions, 1100 DEG C of high temperature sinterings, air-flow from the bottom of drawing-in type perforate puffing furnace in stove, drawing In the presence of the suction force of blower fan, the microballon after drawing-in type perforate expansion sintering moves to top from the bottom of puffing furnace, through sending Expects pipe quick cooling, forms 80 μm of wall thickness, the quartz perforate cenosphere of 300 μm of particle diameter, burnt by high temperature to product feed bin Knot, forms modified quartz ceramic material, and the main component of quartz is silica and iron oxide, mechanical hardness highest, resistance to height Warm, wear-resisting, pressure-resistant, chemical property stabilization, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
The dispensing of second step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Cement 16wt%, particle diameter are 300 μm of quartz perforate cenospheres 45wt%, the sodium metasilicate 12wt% of modulus 3.5, particle diameter are 150 μm of calcium oxide 3wt%, the flyash 7wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%, height are inhaled Water-resin fiber 2.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15wt%.
The preparation of 3rd step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sample by the percentage by weight of the first step, first will Particle diameter is that 300 μm of quartz perforate cenospheres are put into feed bin, and distributing device is sent into by elevator, and distributing device is by quartz perforate Cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz perforate sky by spray thrower The outer surface of heart microballon, enter inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, compound is sized mixing with 0.6 ratio of mud, then The aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.8% is added, hydration reaction generation bubble, the slurries of porous expansion is formed, reduces sponge brick Weight, polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water imbibition, and the sponge brick compression strength after water suction is constant, ceramics Fiber increases the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to sponge brick is formed multiple micropores intersected in length and breadth, micropore has the work(of sound-absorbing Energy.
The preparation of 4th step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir, pours into sea In the die trial of continuous brick press, by 1.8:1 volume ratio compacting, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, dries, manufactured porous to catchment One face of sponge brick 1 is in the shape of dovetail groove 2, and the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick 1 enters in dovetail groove 2, in dovetail groove 2 Collector pipe 3 is installed, rainwater collects by the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, into dovetail groove 2, flowed into again by the effect of gravity Collector pipe 3, collector pipe 3 link together the single porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, and the rainwater that collector pipe 3 collects enters in collecting-tank, By precipitating, filtering, reuse.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, being not the limitation for making other forms to the present invention, appoint What those skilled in the art changed or be modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent variations etc. Embodiment is imitated, every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, the technical spirit according to type of the present invention is made to above example Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling, still fall within the protection domain of type technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method that sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz ore prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, comprises the following steps:
The dispensing of the first step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:It is that 200~450 μm of quartz perforates are empty by 15~20wt% of cement, particle diameter 45~65wt% of heart microballon, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, particle diameter be 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, 5~7wt% of flyash, 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and 15~30wt% of the ceramic fibre sampling of loss on ignition 1.1%, with The percentage by weight sum of upper each component is 100%, the preparation of quartz ore perforate cenosphere:First quartz is processed into 100~300 μm of spherical solid microbeads of particle diameter, boosted machine enter 360~500 DEG C of preheating furnaces in preheats, slough it is intermolecular from By water, retain the interior water of intramolecular, the material after preheating is distributed by elevator into cloth distributor through uniform distribution again, is preheated Quartz microballon afterwards enter drawing-in type perforate puffing furnace in, by 800~900 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1400 DEG C of high temperature sinterings, Air-flow enters in stove from the bottom of drawing-in type perforate puffing furnace, in the presence of the suction force of air-introduced machine, drawing-in type perforate expansion Microballon after sintering moves to top from the bottom of puffing furnace, through feed pipe to product feed bin, quick cooling, formation wall thickness 50~ 100 μm, the quartz perforate cenosphere of 200~450 μm of particle diameter;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:Sampled by the percentage by weight of the first step, first by particle diameter It is put into for 200~450 μm of quartz perforate cenospheres in feed bin, distributing device is sent into by elevator, distributing device opens quartz Hole cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz by spray thrower The outer surface of perforate cenosphere, quartz perforate cenosphere enter inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, will be mixed Close material to size mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, add the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.5% and stir, aluminium powder Cream hydration reaction generates bubble, forms the slurries of porous expansion water suction;
The preparation of 3rd step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir, pours into sponge brick In the die trial of press, through striking off, suppressing, being stripped, dry, the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments(1)A face be in dovetail groove (2)Shape, collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)Interior, rainwater passes through the porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Collect, into dovetail groove(2) It is interior, then flow into collector pipe(3), collector pipe(3)By the single porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Link together, collector pipe(3)Collect Rainwater enters in collecting-tank.
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JP3072480B2 (en) * 1997-08-12 2000-07-31 荒木窯業株式会社 Water-permeable ceramic member and water-permeable pavement structure using the same
CN103553448B (en) * 2013-09-27 2015-05-20 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Ceramsite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN104452525B (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-08-24 浙江大学宁波理工学院 A kind of water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
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CN105503113B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-06-12 惠安傲胜工业设计有限公司 A kind of permeable steam-pressing brisk of energy conservation and environmental protection and preparation method thereof

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