CN106187028A - Sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick - Google Patents

Sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106187028A
CN106187028A CN201610518567.7A CN201610518567A CN106187028A CN 106187028 A CN106187028 A CN 106187028A CN 201610518567 A CN201610518567 A CN 201610518567A CN 106187028 A CN106187028 A CN 106187028A
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sponge brick
porous
quartz
catchmented
ceramic fibre
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CN106187028B (en
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张雨滋
郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/02Agglomerated materials, e.g. artificial aggregates
    • C04B18/027Lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/08Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding porous substances
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00284Materials permeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/52Sound-insulating materials

Abstract

nullThe present invention provides sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore to prepare porous to catchment the method for sponge brick,Comprise the following steps: porous is catchmented the dispensing of sponge brick: by cement 15~20wt%、Particle diameter is 200~450 m quartz perforate cenospheres 45~65wt%、The sodium silicate 5~15wt% of modulus 3.2~3.5、Particle diameter is 100~200 m calcium oxide 3~5wt%、The flyash 5~7wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%、High hydrophilous resin fiber 0.5~5.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15~30wt% mix homogeneously,Compound is sized mixing with the ratio of mud of 0.5~0.7,Add the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.5%,Aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble,Form porous and expand water suction serosity,Stir expanding water suction serosity in the die trial pouring sponge brick press into,Through striking off、Compacting、The demoulding、Dry,Make sponge brick.

Description

Sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick
Technical field
The present invention relates to sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore prepare porous and catchment the method for sponge brick, belong to material skill Art is led.
Background technology
Due to EI Nino and La Nina Phenomenon, there is extreme change in the weather of China, and rainfall distributed pole is uneven, south North drought and waterlogging are uneven, and in same area, in 1 year, rainfall is the most unequal, and hydropenia has restricted expanding economy and the people Life, the existing precipitation of Appropriate application, road surface, community, road, the effective precipitation in public leisure square are rationally collected, store, Utilize, alleviate the use water in drought and water shortage season, significant.
Summary of the invention
Quartz be mainly composed of silicon oxide and ferrum oxide, mechanical hardness is the highest, pressure, chemical high temperature resistant, wear-resisting Matter is stable, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy, and ceramic fibre increases the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to make sponge brick be formed many The individual micropore intersected in length and breadth, micropore has the function of sound-absorbing, using sodium silicate as binding agent, cement be porous catchment sponge brick increase Adding mechanical strength and cementation, the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol height water suction is strong water absorbent, uses dilatant slurry, reduces serosity Density, a catchment face of sponge brick of the porous made is dovetail channel-shaped, and the porous moisture that sponge brick absorbs that catchments enters swallow Stern notch, is flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, and the collector pipe sponge brick that porous catchmented links together, and rainwater catchment is to catchmenting Chi Zhong.
Its technical scheme is: sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and catchmented the method for sponge brick, the first step, Porous is catchmented the dispensing of sponge brick: cement 15~20wt%, particle diameter be 200~450 m quartz perforate cenospheres 45~ 65wt%, the sodium silicate 5~15wt% of modulus 3.2~3.5, particle diameter are 100~200 m calcium oxide 3~5wt%, loss on ignition 1.1% Flyash 5~7wt%, High hydrophilous resin fiber 0.5~5.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15~30wt%, the weight of above each component Percentage ratio sum is 100%;
Second step, porous catchment sponge brick expand water suction serosity preparation: by the first step percentage by weight sample, first by particle diameter Being that 50~100 m quartz perforate cenospheres are put in feed bin, elevator send into distributing device, distributing device is by quartz perforate Cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium silicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz and opens by spray thrower The outer surface of hole cenosphere, enters internal coiling drum agitation device with governing belt balance, and sodium silicate is inorganic bond, is hydrophilic Type, cohesive force is strong, intensity is higher, acid resistance, heat-resist, and hydrophilicity does not affect caking property, compound be cement 15~ 20wt%, particle diameter be 200~450 m quartz perforate cenospheres 45~65wt%, the sodium silicate 5 of modulus 3.2~3.5~ 15wt%, particle diameter are 100~200 m calcium oxide 3~5wt%, the flyash 5~7wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%, High hydrophilous resin fiber 0.5~5.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15~30wt%, compound to be sized mixing with the ratio of mud of 0.5~0.7, ash is compound, then adds Entering the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.2~1.5%, hydration reaction generates bubble, forms porous and expands the serosity of water suction, fall The weight of low sponge brick, polyvinyl alcohol High hydrophilous resin fiber has extremely strong water absorption, the sponge brick comprcssive strength after water suction Constant, ceramic fibre is hollow form, can increase the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to make sponge brick formed multiple intersect in length and breadth micro- Hole, micropore has stronger sound absorption function;
3rd step, porous are catchmented the preparation of sponge brick: the expansion water suction serosity prepared by second step stirs and pours sponge brick into In the die trial of press, by 1.2~2.0:1 volume ratio compactings, ratio 1.2~2.0 is the volume before compacting, and ratio 1 is compacting After volume, through striking off, suppressing, the demoulding, dry, a catchment face of sponge brick of the porous made is dovetail channel-shaped, porous collection The moisture that water sponge brick absorbs enters in dovetail groove, and collector pipe embeds in dovetail groove, and rainwater catchments through porous the remittance of sponge brick Collection, enters in dovetail groove, is flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, and the collector pipe sponge brick that single porous catchmented is connected to one Rising, the rainwater that collector pipe collects enters in collecting-tank.
The preparation of quartz Ore perforate cenosphere: first quartz is processed into particle diameter 100~300 m spherical solid micro- Pearl, boosted machine enters in 360~500 DEG C of preheating furnaces and preheats, sloughs intermolecular Free water, retain intramolecular interior water, in advance Material after heat is entered cloth allotter by elevator again and distributes through uniform distribution, and the quartz microballon after preheating enters sucking type In perforate puffing furnace, through 800~900 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1400 DEG C of high temperature sinterings, air-flows from sucking type perforate puffing furnace Bottom enters in stove, and under the effect of the suction force of air-introduced machine, sucking type perforate expands the microballon after sintering from the end of puffing furnace Portion moves to top, through feed pipe to product feed bin, quickly cools down, and forms wall thickness 50~100 m, the stone of particle diameter 200~450 m Diamond stone perforate cenosphere, through high temperature sintering, forms thermally-denatured quartz ceramic material, and the component of material is different, changes After property, the chemical property of material is the most different, quartz be mainly composed of silicon oxide and ferrum oxide, mechanical hardness is the highest, wear-resisting resistance to Pressure, high temperature resistant, stable chemical nature, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
Calcium oxide hydration reaction, produces substantial amounts of heat, and it is as a form of gel for generating calcium hydroxide, with silicon oxide, aluminium oxide life Becoming calcium silicates, calcium oxide is activator, the activity of excited cement.
A rainwater part for accumulation is pooled in collecting-tank by the porous sponge brick that catchments by collector pipe, and another part penetrates into In soil, increasing soil water content, in summer high-temperature season, the heat on surface can also be transmitted to by the porous sponge brick that catchments In soil, reducing the temperature on sponge tile floor surface, the thermal capacity of water is big, and can absorb heat also can heat release.
Flyash is strong water absorbent, through high temperature sintering, has higher activity.
The present invention has the following advantages.
1, preparation Materials Inorganic environment-friendly materials used by sponge brick, do not result in harm, the recyclable energy of sponge brick to environment Secondary uses.
2, the resin fibre of preparation sponge brick flyash and the water suction of polyvinyl alcohol height is strong water absorbent, can absorb sponge brick table The moisture in face enters internal, when reaching some, is fallen to entering in collector pipe by the effect of gravity.
3, in compound, add aluminium powder cream, form the serosity that porous expands, reduce the density of serosity.
4, toughened fiber strengthens sponge brick resistance to compression and fold resistance.
5, quartz be mainly composed of silicon oxide and ferrum oxide, mechanical hardness is the highest, height pressure, resistance to high temperature resistant, wear-resisting Temperature, stable chemical nature, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
6, ceramic fibre is hollow form, can increase the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to makes sponge brick be formed and multiple hands in length and breadth The micropore of fork, micropore has stronger sound absorption function.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axle geodesic structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the end TV structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the monolithic sponge brick of the embodiment of the present invention is linked together by collector pipe.
Wherein in figure 1, sponge brick 2, dovetail groove 3, collector pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment.
In embodiment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and is catchmented sponge brick Method, the first step, the preparation of quartz Ore perforate cenosphere: first quartz is processed into particle diameter 150 m spherical solid micro- Pearl, boosted machine enters in 500 DEG C of preheating furnaces and preheats, sloughs intermolecular Free water, retain intramolecular interior water, after preheating Material is entered cloth allotter by elevator again and distributes through uniform distribution, and it is swollen that the quartz microballon after preheating enters sucking type perforate Change in stove, enter in stove from the bottom of sucking type perforate puffing furnace through 850 DEG C of expansions, 1100 DEG C of high temperature sinterings, air-flows, drawing Under the effect of the suction force of blower fan, the microballon after sucking type perforate expands sintering moves to top from the bottom of puffing furnace, through sending Material pipe, to product feed bin, quickly cools down, and forms the quartz perforate cenosphere of wall thickness 80 m, particle diameter 300 m, burns through high temperature Knot, forms modified quartz ceramic material, quartz be mainly composed of silicon oxide and ferrum oxide, mechanical hardness is the highest, resistance to height Warm, wear-resisting, pressure, stable chemical nature, fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat resistanceheat resistant dilatancy.
Second step, porous are catchmented the dispensing of sponge brick: cement 16wt%, particle diameter are 300 m quartz perforate cenospheres 45wt%, the sodium silicate 12wt% of modulus 3.5, particle diameter are 150 m calcium oxide 3wt%, the flyash 7wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%, height are inhaled Water-resin fiber 2.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15wt%.
3rd step, porous catchment sponge brick expand water suction serosity preparation: by the first step percentage by weight sample, first will Particle diameter is that 300 m quartz perforate cenospheres are put in feed bin, elevator send into distributing device, and distributing device is by quartz perforate Cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and it is empty that the sodium silicate of modulus 3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz perforate by spray thrower The outer surface of heart microballon, enters internal coiling drum agitation device with governing belt balance, is sized mixing with the ratio of mud of 0.6 by compound, then Adding the aluminium powder cream that compound gross weight is 0.8%, hydration reaction generates bubble, forms the serosity that porous expands, and reduces sponge brick Weight, polyvinyl alcohol High hydrophilous resin fiber has extremely strong water absorption, and the sponge brick comprcssive strength after water suction is constant, pottery Fiber increases the mechanical tenacity of sponge brick, moreover it is possible to making sponge brick form multiple micropore intersected in length and breadth, micropore has the merit of sound-absorbing Energy.
4th step, porous are catchmented the preparation of sponge brick: the expansion water suction serosity prepared by second step stirs and pours sea into In the die trial of continuous brick press, suppressing by the volume ratio of 1.8:1, through striking off, suppressing, the demoulding, dry, the porous made is catchmented One face of sponge brick 1 is dovetail groove 2 shape, and the porous moisture that sponge brick 1 absorbs that catchments enters in dovetail groove 2, in dovetail groove 2 Being installed with collector pipe 3, rainwater catchments the collecting of sponge brick 1 through porous, enters in dovetail groove 2, is flowed into by the effect of gravity again Collector pipe 3, the collector pipe 3 sponge brick 1 that single porous catchmented links together, and the rainwater that collector pipe 3 collects enters in collecting-tank, Through precipitation, filter, reuse.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not the restriction that the present invention makees other form, appoints What those skilled in the art changed possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above or be modified as equivalent variations etc. Effect embodiment, every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, according to the technical spirit of type of the present invention, above example is made Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling, still fall within the protection domain of type technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. sound absorption-type ceramic fibre quartz Ore is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick, comprises the following steps:
The first step, porous are catchmented the dispensing of sponge brick: be that 200~450 m quartz perforates are empty by cement 15~20wt%, particle diameter Heart microballon 45~65wt%, the sodium silicate 5~15wt% of modulus 3.2~3.5, particle diameter be 100~200 m calcium oxide 3~5wt%, The flyash 5~7wt% of loss on ignition 1.1%, High hydrophilous resin fiber 0.5~5.0wt% and ceramic fibre 15~30wt% sampling, with The percentage by weight sum of upper each component is 100%;
Second step, porous catchment sponge brick expand water suction serosity preparation: by the first step percentage by weight sample, first by particle diameter Being that 200~450 m quartz perforate cenospheres are put in feed bin, elevator send into distributing device, quartz is left by distributing device Hole cenosphere is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium silicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at quartz by spray thrower The outer surface of perforate cenosphere, quartz perforate cenosphere enters internal coiling drum agitation device with governing belt balance, will be mixed Close material size mixing with the ratio of mud of 0.5~0.7, add compound gross weight be 0.2~1.5% aluminium powder cream stir, aluminium powder Cream hydration reaction generates bubble, forms porous and expands the serosity of water suction;
3rd step, porous are catchmented the preparation of sponge brick: the expansion water suction serosity prepared by second step stirs and pours sponge brick into In the die trial of press, through striking off, suppressing, the demoulding, drying, a catchment face of sponge brick (1) of the porous made is dovetail groove (2) shape, collector pipe (3) embeds in dovetail groove (2), and rainwater catchments the collecting of sponge brick (1) through porous, enters dovetail groove (2) In, then flowing into collector pipe (3), collector pipe (3) the sponge brick (1) that single porous catchmented links together, and collector pipe (3) collects Rainwater enters in collecting-tank.
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1161709A (en) * 1997-08-12 1999-03-05 Araki Yogyo Kk Water permeable ceramic member, its manufacture and water permeable pavement structure
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CN104452525A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 浙江大学宁波理工学院 Water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN105016765A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 江苏溧阳建设集团有限公司 Corrosion resistant water permeable brick
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1161709A (en) * 1997-08-12 1999-03-05 Araki Yogyo Kk Water permeable ceramic member, its manufacture and water permeable pavement structure
CN103553448A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-02-05 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Ceramsite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN104452525A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 浙江大学宁波理工学院 Water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN105016765A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 江苏溧阳建设集团有限公司 Corrosion resistant water permeable brick
CN105503113A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 乔生艮 Energy-saving environment-friendly water-permeable autoclaved brick and preparation method thereof

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Title
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