CN106176138B - A kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed - Google Patents

A kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106176138B
CN106176138B CN201610753265.8A CN201610753265A CN106176138B CN 106176138 B CN106176138 B CN 106176138B CN 201610753265 A CN201610753265 A CN 201610753265A CN 106176138 B CN106176138 B CN 106176138B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bed
hinged
abduction
support
electric pushrod
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CN201610753265.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106176138A (en
Inventor
张顺心
尹立轶
韩立
王晓东
马志广
武晓丹
贾少薇
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Hebei University of Technology
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Hebei University of Technology
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Priority to CN201610753265.8A priority Critical patent/CN106176138B/en
Publication of CN106176138A publication Critical patent/CN106176138A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0255Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0266Foot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0142Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/14Special force transmission means, i.e. between the driving means and the interface with the user
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1657Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2203/00Additional characteristics concerning the patient
    • A61H2203/04Position of the patient
    • A61H2203/0443Position of the patient substantially horizontal
    • A61H2203/0456Supine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/08Trunk
    • A61H2205/088Hip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg
    • A61H2205/102Knee
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/12Feet

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed, including bedstead, back lifting device, lower limb suspension arrangement and lowering or hoisting gear, it is characterized in that the training bed also includes movable bed panel assembly and leg training device, the bedstead includes base, bed board support and buttocks support plate, bed board support is fixed on the top in base head of a bed direction, the tailstock direction of bed board support is connected with buttocks support plate, on base, and along the length direction of bedstead, provided with two groups of chutes, inner side is short groove, outside is long chute, short groove is close to tailstock side, for being connected with movable bed panel assembly;Long chute is used to install lower limb suspension arrangement;Lowering or hoisting gear is fixed on base between two short grooves, lowering or hoisting gear top is connected with leg training device;Lowering or hoisting gear upper surface rear portion is provided with chute;The movable bed panel assembly includes guide wheel, bottom bed board and latch, and bottom bed board includes concave flat board.

Description

A kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed
Technical field
The present invention relates to rehabilitation medical instrument field, specifically a kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed.
Background technology
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease or patient with nervous system disease majority are with paralysis symptom and motor dysfunction of lower limb, theory of medicine Proved with clinical medicine, this kind of patient is in addition to the operative treatment of early stage and necessary drug therapy, the correct, rehabilitation of science The recovery for extremity motor function and raising is trained to play very important effect.Current existing lower limb rehabilitation training equipment Use suspension type Unweighting walking structure, such as a kind of Lokomat walking rehabilitation trainings of Hocoma companies of Switzerland development and production more Robot system, the robot mainly support system and left and right using ball screw arrangement as driver element by treadmill, body weight Two lower limb exoskeleton compositions, are a kind of lower limbs rehabilitation training robots of suspension type.Have the disadvantage that:Sleeve mechanism is worn Cumbersome, control complexity is worn, suitable for existing walking ability rehabilitation later stage patient, trains difficulty big the patient of early stage bed.
The training mode of the current existing convalescence training bed for early stage sickbed patients is single, is closed for hip joint, knee Section and ankle-joint only have single rotational motion mostly, have very big gap with the multifreedom motion required for rehabilitation training.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome deficiency of the prior art, the technical problem that the present invention intends to solve is to provide a kind of lower limb rehabilitation instruction Practice bed.The training bed can carry out comprehensive lower limb rehabilitation training for the patient of rehabilitation early stage bed, including hip joint is bent Stretch, outward turning and abduction exercise, hip and knee Union Movement, knee joint is individually bent and stretched and the motion of the dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of ankle-joint.
The present invention solve the technical scheme that uses of the technical problem for:A kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed, including bed are provided Frame, back lifting device, lower limb suspension arrangement and lowering or hoisting gear, it is characterised in that the training bed also includes movable bed panel assembly with Limb trainer, the bedstead include base, bed board support and buttocks support plate, and bed board support is fixed on the upper of base head of a bed direction Side, the tailstock direction of bed board support is connected with buttocks support plate, on base, and along the length direction of bedstead, provided with two groups of cunnings Groove, inner side are short groove, and outside is long chute, and short groove is close to tailstock side, for being connected with movable bed panel assembly;Long chute For installing lower limb suspension arrangement;Lowering or hoisting gear, lowering or hoisting gear top and lower limb are fixed on base between two short grooves Trainer connects;Lowering or hoisting gear upper surface rear portion is provided with chute;
The movable bed panel assembly includes guide wheel, bottom bed board and latch, and bottom bed board includes concave flat board, The interior recess of concave flat board is relative with buttocks support plate to be connect, and supporting leg is provided with the downside of flat board, and the front end of flat board is provided with company Block is connect, guide wheel is connected with the supporting leg of bottom bed board, guide wheel is slidably connected by short groove and bedstead, the contiguous block of bottom bed board Put in the corresponding aperture of bedstead, be fixedly connected with bottom bed board with bedstead by latch;
The leg training device includes width adjusting component, abduction outward turning kinematic mount component, linear motion component, hip Knee joint ectoskeleton support component and ankle support component;The width adjusting member parallel is arranged in the upper table of lowering or hoisting gear Face, one group of abduction outward turning kinematic mount component is connected in the left and right ends of width adjusting component, in abduction outward turning campaign Support component is sequentially arranged above linear motion component, hip and knee ectoskeleton support component and ankle support component;
The width adjusting component includes two the 3rd electric pushrods and two connection sliding blocks, and connection sliding block is by transverse slat and erects Plate is formed, and the lower surface of transverse slat is connected with lowering or hoisting gear upper surface, and the outside of riser is connected with the movable end of the 3rd electric pushrod, The cover for seat end of 3rd electric pushrod is hinged with lowering or hoisting gear top, by driving two the 3rd electric pushrods to adjust two Connection sliding block reaches the training position of suitable patient;
The abduction outward turning kinematic mount component includes the 4th electric pushrod, abduction frame, outward turning riser, the 5th electronic pushed away Bar, sliding supporting bar, sliding block, outward turning support and abduction riser, rear end and the abduction riser of abduction frame are bolted company Connecing, the front end of abduction frame and the lagging hinge of connection sliding block, the bottom of abduction frame is provided with the chute being connected with sliding block top, The bottom of sliding block is rotatably connected with sliding supporting bar, and sliding supporting bar slides in the chute of lowering or hoisting gear upper surface, the 4th electricity The cover for seat end of dynamic push rod and the riser of connection sliding block are hinged, and the movable end of the 4th electric pushrod is hinged with abduction frame;Outside Revolve stent ends to be rotatablely connected with abduction riser, front end and the outward turning riser of outward turning support are bolted to connection, and outward turning is stood Plate is rotatablely connected with abduction frame, and the cover for seat end and abduction frame middle part of the 5th electric pushrod are be hinged, the 5th electric pushrod Movable end is hinged with outward turning frame bottom;
The hip and knee ectoskeleton support component includes telescopic strut, thigh expansion link, thigh attaching means, thigh branch Bar, drive link, the 6th electric pushrod, shank attaching means, shank pole and shank expansion link, telescopic strut is L-shaped, stretches The stock of pole is fixed in the stretching sleeve of outward turning riser by adjusting knob, quarter butt and the thigh expansion link of telescopic strut One end is hinged, and the other end of thigh expansion link is fixed on by adjusting knob in the sleeve of thigh pole one end, in thigh pole Sleeve on the inside of connection thigh attaching means, shank pole is hinged with the thigh pole other end, and one end of shank expansion link passes through tune Section knob is fixed in the sleeve of shank pole one end, and the other end of shank expansion link is connected with ankle support component, small Installation shank attaching means on the inside of the sleeve of leg pole;One end of drive link be hinged in the middle part of thigh pole, drive link it is another The moving platform of one end and linear motion component is hinged, and the cover for seat end of the 6th electric pushrod and the middle part of drive link are hinged, the The movable end of six electric pushrods and the middle part of shank pole are hinged;
The ankle support component includes sole, rocking arm, rotary shaft, installing plate, reducing motor, holding screw, drive Swing arm and drive shaft, the rocking arm is L-shaped, including transverse arm and vertical arms, and reinforcement is connected between vertical arms and transverse arm Plate, the lower end of transverse arm and the rear portion of sole are connected, and the junction of transverse arm and vertical arms is connected by rotary shaft and installing plate Connect, vertical arms is provided with cannelure;The reducing motor is arranged on installation postlaminar part, and the output shaft of reducing motor passes through installation Plate, and be fixedly connected with one end of actuating arm by holding screw, the other end arranged radially of actuating arm has a number of drive Dynamic mounting hole, drive shaft one end are arranged in a drive installation hole of actuating arm, and the other end is arranged in the cannelure of rocking arm, The top of installing plate is connected with shank expansion link.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:The present invention can carry out thigh according to the patient of different building shape With the regulation of lower-leg length and pelvis width, the patient that can be directed to early stage bed carries out the comprehensive rehabilitation training of lower limb, bag The the bending and stretching of hip joint, outward turning and abduction exercise, hip and knee Union Movement are included, knee joint is individually bent and stretched and the dorsiflex of ankle-joint Moved with plantar flexion.
The present invention can be used for the rehabilitation of the patients such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease or the nervous system disease, in lower limb rehabilitation technical field Particularly the rehabilitation of early stage sickbed patients will have wide practical use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of rest mode structural representation of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of training pattern structutre schematic diagram of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of the bedstead 1 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of the back lifting device 2 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of the movable bed panel assembly 3 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of the leg training device 5 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of the width adjusting component 51 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a kind of right side lower limb abduction outward turning kinematic mount component 52 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention Dimensional structure diagram.
Fig. 9 is a kind of attachment structure of the sliding supporting bar 525 with sliding block 526 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention Schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is a kind of right side hip and knee ectoskeleton support component 54 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention Dimensional structure diagram.
Figure 11 is a kind of stereochemical structure of the right side ankle support component 55 of embodiment of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention Schematic diagram.
In figure, 1-bedstead, 2-back lifting device, 3-movable bed panel assembly, 4-lowering or hoisting gear, 5-leg training dress Put, 6-lower limb suspension arrangement;11-universal caster wheel;21-the first electric pushrod, 22-pivoted arm support, 23-kinematic link, 24-backboard;31-guide wheel, 32-bottom bed board, 33-latch;51-width adjusting component, 52-abduction outward turning kinematic mount Component, 53-linear motion component, 54-hip and knee ectoskeleton support component, 55-ankle support component;511-the three Electric pushrod, 512-connection sliding block;521-the four electric pushrod, 522-abduction frame, 523-outward turning riser, 524-the Five electric pushrods, 525-sliding supporting bar, 526-sliding block, 527-outward turning support, 528-abduction riser;541-flexible Bar, 542-thigh expansion link, 543-thigh attaching means, 544-thigh pole, 545-drive link, 546-the six is electronic Push rod, 547-shank attaching means, 548-shank pole, 549-shank expansion link;551-sole, 552-rocking arm, 553-rotary shaft, 554-installing plate, 555-reducing motor, 556-holding screw, 557-actuating arm, 558-drive shaft; 61-sliding support, 62-sleeve pipe, 63-cross bar, 64-vertical rod, 65-suspension hanging piece, 66-adapter sleeve.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described, but is not wanted in this, as to the application right Ask the restriction of protection domain.
Lower limb rehabilitation training bed (abbreviation training bed, referring to Fig. 1-11) of the present invention includes bedstead 1, back lifting device 2, may move Bed board device 3, lowering or hoisting gear 4, leg training device 5 and lower limb suspension arrangement 6, the bedstead 1 include base 12, bed board support 13 and buttocks support plate 14, bed board support be fixed on the top in base head of a bed direction, the tailstock direction of bed board support is connected with buttocks Support plate 14, on base 12, and along the length direction of bedstead, provided with two groups of chutes, inner side is short groove 122, and outside is length Chute 121, short groove 122 is close to tailstock side, for being connected with movable bed panel assembly 3;Long chute 121 hangs for installing lower limb Hang device 6;Lowering or hoisting gear 4, the top of lowering or hoisting gear 4 and leg training device 5 are fixed on base between two short grooves 122 Connection;The upper surface rear portion of lowering or hoisting gear 4 is provided with chute;
The movable bed panel assembly 3 (referring to Fig. 5) includes guide wheel 31, bottom bed board 32 and latch 33, bottom bed board 32 Including concave flat board, the interior recess of concave flat board is relative with buttocks support plate 14 to be connect, and four are provided with the downside of flat board Supporting leg, the front end of flat board or so is each provided with contiguous block with holes, is connected with guide wheel 31 on four supporting legs of bottom bed board 32, leads Wheel 31 is slidably connected by short groove 122 and bedstead 1, and the contiguous block of bottom bed board is put in the corresponding aperture of bedstead 1, passes through latch 33 are fixedly connected with bottom bed board with bedstead, to realize Rehabilitation training and the switching of rest both of which;
The leg training device 5 (referring to Fig. 6) include width adjusting component 51, abduction outward turning kinematic mount component 52, Linear motion component 53, hip and knee ectoskeleton support component 54 and ankle support component 55;The width adjusting component 51 The upper surface of lowering or hoisting gear 4 is arranged in parallel in, one group of abduction outward turning is connected in the left and right ends of width adjusting component 51 Kinematic mount component 52, linear motion component 53 is sequentially arranged above, outside hip and knee in abduction outward turning kinematic mount component 52 Skeletal support component 54 and ankle support component 55;
The width adjusting component 51 (referring to Fig. 7) includes two the 3rd electric pushrods 511 and two connection sliding blocks 512, Connection sliding block 512 is made up of transverse slat and riser, and the lower surface of transverse slat is connected with the upper surface of lowering or hoisting gear 4, the outside of riser and the The movable end connection of three electric pushrods 511, cover for seat end and the top of lowering or hoisting gear 4 of the 3rd electric pushrod 511 are hinged, passed through Two the 3rd electric pushrods 511 are driven to adjust the training position that two connection sliding blocks 512 reach suitable patient;
The abduction outward turning kinematic mount component 52 (referring to Fig. 8-9) include the 4th electric pushrod 521, abduction frame 522, Outward turning riser 523, the 5th electric pushrod 524, sliding supporting bar 525, sliding block 526, outward turning support 527 and abduction riser 528, outside The rear end of exhibition support 522 is bolted to connection with abduction riser 528, front end and the connection sliding block 512 of abduction frame 522 Lagging hinge, the bottom of abduction frame 522 are provided with the chute being connected with the top of sliding block 526, the bottom of sliding block 526 and sliding support Bar 525 is rotatably connected, and sliding supporting bar 525 slides in the chute of the upper surface of lowering or hoisting gear 4, the seat of the 4th electric pushrod 521 Set end and the riser of connection sliding block 512 are hinged, and the movable end and abduction frame 522 of the 4th electric pushrod 521 are be hinged, driving 4th electric pushrod 521 can realize the abduction exercise of abduction frame 522 and abduction riser 528;The end of outward turning support 527 and abduction Riser 528 is rotatablely connected, and front end and the outward turning riser 523 of outward turning support 527 are bolted to connection, outward turning riser 523 with Abduction frame 522 is rotatablely connected, and the cover for seat end of the 5th electric pushrod 524 and the middle part of abduction frame 522 are be hinged, and the 5th electronic pushes away The movable end of bar 524 is hinged with the bottom of outward turning support 527, and the 5th electric pushrod 524 of driving can realize outward turning support 527 and outward turning The outward turning campaign of riser 523;
The linear motion component 53 realizes the linear motion of moving platform using leading screw-feed rod form;
The hip and knee ectoskeleton support component 54 (referring to Figure 10) include telescopic strut 541, thigh expansion link 542, Thigh attaching means 543, thigh pole 544, drive link 545, the 6th electric pushrod 546, shank attaching means 547, shank pole 548 and shank expansion link 549, telescopic strut 541 is L-shaped, and the stock of telescopic strut 541 is fixed on outward turning by adjusting knob In the stretching sleeve of riser 523, one end of the quarter butt and thigh expansion link 542 of telescopic strut 541 is hinged, thigh expansion link 542 The other end be fixed on by adjusting knob in the sleeve of the one end of thigh pole 544, connected on the inside of the sleeve of thigh pole 544 Thigh attaching means 543, shank pole 548 are hinged with the other end of thigh pole 544, and one end of shank expansion link 549 passes through regulation Knob is fixed in the sleeve of the one end of shank pole 548, and the other end and the ankle support component 55 of shank expansion link 549 connect Connect, shank attaching means 547 is installed on the inside of the sleeve of shank pole 548;In one end of drive link 545 and thigh pole 544 Portion is hinged, and the moving platform of the other end and linear motion component 53 of drive link 541 is hinged, the cover for seat of the 6th electric pushrod 546 End and the middle part of drive link 545 are hinged, and the movable end of the 6th electric pushrod 546 and the middle part of shank pole 548 are hinged, and are driven Dynamic 6th electric pushrod 546 is realized to kneed independent flexion and extension;
The ankle support component 55 (referring to Figure 11) includes sole 551, Rocker arm 5 52, rotary shaft 553, installing plate 554th, reducing motor 555, holding screw 556, actuating arm 557 and drive shaft 558, the Rocker arm 5 52 is L-shaped, including transverse arm And vertical arms, reinforcing plate is connected between vertical arms and transverse arm, the lower end of transverse arm is connected with the rear portion of sole 551, The junction of transverse arm and vertical arms is connected by rotary shaft 553 with installing plate 554, and vertical arms is provided with cannelure;It is described to subtract Speed motor 555 is arranged on the rear portion of installing plate 554, and the output shaft of reducing motor 555 passes through installing plate 554, and with actuating arm 557 One end is fixedly connected by holding screw 556, and the other end arranged radially of actuating arm 557 has a number of drive installation hole, The one end of drive shaft 558 is arranged in a drive installation hole of actuating arm 557, and the other end is arranged in the cannelure of Rocker arm 5 52, The rotation amplitude of ankle-joint, top and the shank expansion link of installing plate 554 are adjusted by changing the installation site of drive shaft 558 549 connections;
The lower limb suspension arrangement 6 (referring to Fig. 2) includes two sleeve pipe 62, two of sliding support 61, two vertical rods 64, hanged Hang hanging piece 65, adapter sleeve 66 and cross bar 63, two sliding supports 61 to be connected with the long slide of base 12, two sleeve pipes 62 divide It is not connected on two sliding supports 61, the top of two sleeve pipes 62 is connected by adjusting knob with the bottom of two vertical rods 64, Cross bar 63 is connected by adapter sleeve 66 between the top of two vertical rods 64, adjusts the adjusting knob on adapter sleeve 66 to fasten;Institute Suspension hanging piece 65 is stated to be arranged on cross bar 63;By mobile sliding support 61, the lower limb of patient are suspended in lower limb suspension arrangement 6 On, to realize the rehabilitation training pattern that the rest mode of patient from the bed is transformed into lower limb;
The back lifting device 2 (referring to Fig. 4) includes the first electric pushrod 21, pivoted arm support 22, kinematic link 23 and backboard 24, backboard 24 is hinged on bed board support 13, is couched for patient, and the cover for seat end of the first electric pushrod 21 is fixed on bed board support 13 underside of forward, movable end and the drive end of pivoted arm support 22 of the first electric pushrod 21 are hinged, the both ends point of pivoted arm support 22 It is not hinged with being articulated with two kinematic links 23 of the bottom of backboard 24, the first electric pushrod 21 of driving realizes backboard 24 around bedstead Rotate, to coordinate the needs of lower limb rehabilitation training.
The bottom of the bedstead 1 is provided with universal caster wheel 11, facilitates training bed to move.
The specific work process of lower limb rehabilitation training bed of the present invention is:Patient lies low on lower limb rehabilitation training bed, by seeing Shield personnel move lower limb suspension arrangement 6 and arrive correct position, and the lower limb of patient are suspended on suspension hanging piece 65, extract movable bed The latch 33 of the both sides of panel assembly 3, movable bed panel assembly 3 is removed, and lowering or hoisting gear 4 rises to leg training device 5 suitable The position of patient, driving the 3rd electric pushrod 511 regulation leg training device 5 reaches the optimum training position of patient, by patient Lower limb from suspension hanging piece 65 on shift and fixed to lower limb rehabilitation training device 5 thigh attaching means 543, shank attaching means 547 and sole 551 on, lower limb suspension arrangement 6 is moved back into tailstock, the first electric pushrod 21 is driven, adjusts lying on the back for patient Position carries out lower limb rehabilitation training, by driving the 4th electric pushrod 521, carries out Outward Bound to patient's lower limb, passes through driving 5th electric pushrod 524, outward turning training is carried out to patient's lower limb, by driving linear motion component 53, the hip knee of patient closed Section, which combine, bends and stretches training, by driving the 6th electric pushrod 546, the knee joint of patient is carried out individually bending and stretching training, led to Overdrive reducing motor 555, dorsiflexion and plantarflexion training is carried out to the ankle-joint of patient, training will according to opposite program after terminating Patient returns to resting state.
The nouns of locality such as heretofore described "front", "rear", "left", "right" are a relative concepts, refer to head of a bed side before defining To referring to tailstock direction afterwards, the width of bed is left and right.
The present invention does not limit to above-mentioned embodiment, and anyone can draw other various forms under the enlightenment of the present invention Lower limb rehabilitation training bed.All equivalent changes and modifications done according to scope of the present invention patent, should all belong to the application right It is required that protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed, including bedstead, back lifting device, lower limb suspension arrangement and lowering or hoisting gear, it is characterised in that The training bed also includes movable bed panel assembly and leg training device, and the bedstead includes base, bed board support and buttocks branch Plate, bed board support are fixed on the top in base head of a bed direction, and the tailstock direction of bed board support is connected with buttocks support plate, in base On, and along the length direction of bedstead, provided with two groups of chutes, inner side is short groove, and outside is long chute, and short groove is close to tailstock Side, for being connected with movable bed panel assembly;Long chute is used to install lower limb suspension arrangement;Base between two short grooves Upper fixed lowering or hoisting gear, lowering or hoisting gear top are connected with leg training device;Lowering or hoisting gear upper surface rear portion is provided with chute;
The movable bed panel assembly includes guide wheel, bottom bed board and latch, and bottom bed board includes concave flat board, " recessed " word The interior recess of shape flat board is relative with buttocks support plate to be connect, and supporting leg is provided with the downside of flat board, and the front end of flat board is provided with contiguous block, under Guide wheel is connected with the supporting leg of portion's bed board, guide wheel is slidably connected by short groove and bedstead, and the contiguous block of bottom bed board puts in bed In the corresponding aperture of frame, bottom bed board is fixedly connected with bedstead by latch;
The leg training device includes width adjusting component, abduction outward turning kinematic mount component, linear motion component, hip knee and closed Save ectoskeleton support component and ankle support component;The width adjusting member parallel is arranged in the upper surface of lowering or hoisting gear, One group of abduction outward turning kinematic mount component is connected in the left and right ends of width adjusting component, in abduction outward turning kinematic mount Component is sequentially arranged above linear motion component, hip and knee ectoskeleton support component and ankle support component;
The width adjusting component includes two the 3rd electric pushrods and two connection sliding blocks, and connection sliding block is by transverse slat and riser group Into, the lower surface of transverse slat is connected with lowering or hoisting gear upper surface, and the outside of riser is connected with the movable end of the 3rd electric pushrod, and the 3rd The cover for seat end of electric pushrod is hinged with lowering or hoisting gear top, by driving two the 3rd electric pushrods to adjust two connections Sliding block reaches the training position of suitable patient;
The abduction outward turning kinematic mount component include the 4th electric pushrod, abduction frame, outward turning riser, the 5th electric pushrod, Sliding supporting bar, sliding block, outward turning support and abduction riser, rear end and the abduction riser of abduction frame are bolted to connection, The front end of abduction frame and the lagging hinge of connection sliding block, the bottom of abduction frame are provided with the chute being connected with sliding block top, sliding The bottom of block is rotatably connected with sliding supporting bar, and sliding supporting bar slides in the chute of lowering or hoisting gear upper surface, and the 4th is electronic The cover for seat end of push rod and the riser of connection sliding block are hinged, and the movable end of the 4th electric pushrod is hinged with abduction frame;Outward turning Stent ends are rotatablely connected with abduction riser, and front end and the outward turning riser of outward turning support are bolted to connection, outward turning riser It is rotatablely connected with abduction frame, the cover for seat end of the 5th electric pushrod and be hinged in the middle part of abduction frame, the work of the 5th electric pushrod Moved end is hinged with outward turning frame bottom;
The hip and knee ectoskeleton support component includes telescopic strut, thigh expansion link, thigh attaching means, thigh pole, drive Dynamic connecting rod, the 6th electric pushrod, shank attaching means, shank pole and shank expansion link, telescopic strut is L-shaped, telescopic strut Stock be fixed on by adjusting knob in the stretching sleeve of outward turning riser, the quarter butt of telescopic strut and one end of thigh expansion link Be hinged, the other end of thigh expansion link is fixed on by adjusting knob in the sleeve of thigh pole one end, in the set of thigh pole Cylinder inner side connection thigh attaching means, shank pole are hinged with the thigh pole other end, and one end of shank expansion link is revolved by adjusting Button is fixed in the sleeve of shank pole one end, and the other end of shank expansion link is connected with ankle support component, in shank branch Installation shank attaching means on the inside of the sleeve of bar;One end of drive link and be hinged in the middle part of thigh pole, the other end of drive link It is hinged with the moving platform of linear motion component, the cover for seat end of the 6th electric pushrod and the middle part of drive link are hinged, the 6th electricity The movable end of dynamic push rod and the middle part of shank pole are hinged;
The ankle support component includes sole, rocking arm, rotary shaft, installing plate, reducing motor, holding screw, actuating arm And drive shaft, the rocking arm is L-shaped, including transverse arm and vertical arms, and reinforcing plate is connected between vertical arms and transverse arm, horizontal Connected to the lower end of arm and the rear portion of sole, the junction of transverse arm and vertical arms is connected by rotary shaft with installing plate, is indulged Cannelure is provided with to arm;The reducing motor is arranged on installation postlaminar part, and the output shaft of reducing motor passes through installing plate, and with One end of actuating arm is fixedly connected by holding screw, and the other end arranged radially of actuating arm has a number of drive installation Hole, drive shaft one end are arranged in a drive installation hole of actuating arm, and the other end is arranged in the cannelure of rocking arm, installing plate Top be connected with shank expansion link.
2. lower limb rehabilitation training bed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower limb suspension arrangement includes two cunnings The long slide of dynamic bearing, two sleeve pipes, two vertical rods, suspension hanging piece, adapter sleeve and cross bar, two sliding supports and base Connection, two sleeve pipes are respectively fixedly connected on two sliding supports, and the top of two sleeve pipes passes through adjusting knob and two vertical rods Bottom is connected, and cross bar is connected by adapter sleeve between the top of two vertical rods, adjusts the adjusting knob on adapter sleeve to fasten;Institute Suspension hanging piece is stated to be arranged on cross bar.
3. lower limb rehabilitation training bed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the back lifting device, which includes first, electronic to be pushed away Bar, pivoted arm support, kinematic link and backboard, backboard are hinged on bed board support, and the cover for seat end of the first electric pushrod is fixed on Bed board support underside of forward, movable end and the pivoted arm carriage drive end of the first electric pushrod are hinged, the both ends point of pivoted arm support It is not hinged with being articulated with two kinematic links of backboard bottom.
4. according to any described lower limb rehabilitation training beds of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that the bottom of the bedstead is provided with Universal caster wheel.
CN201610753265.8A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 A kind of lower limb rehabilitation training bed Active CN106176138B (en)

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CN110584951B (en) * 2019-09-29 2022-02-25 赤峰学院 Rehabilitation physiotherapy training device for acroparalysis
CN112315735A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-05 宜昌市中心人民医院(三峡大学第一临床医学院、三峡大学附属中心人民医院) Electronic multi-functional rehabilitation training frame of integration
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