CN106172690B - Shellfish processing device for sliced sheet - Google Patents

Shellfish processing device for sliced sheet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106172690B
CN106172690B CN201610611094.5A CN201610611094A CN106172690B CN 106172690 B CN106172690 B CN 106172690B CN 201610611094 A CN201610611094 A CN 201610611094A CN 106172690 B CN106172690 B CN 106172690B
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China
Prior art keywords
room
board
stock
shellfish
freeze drying
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CN201610611094.5A
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CN106172690A (en
Inventor
喻亮
张小军
方益
严忠雍
陈思
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Zhejiang Marine Fisheries Research Institute
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Zhejiang Marine Fisheries Research Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C29/00Processing shellfish or bivalves, e.g. oysters, lobsters; Devices therefor, e.g. claw locks, claw crushers, grading devices; Processing lines
    • A22C29/04Processing bivalves, e.g. oysters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B4/00General methods for preserving meat, sausages, fish or fish products
    • A23B4/03Drying; Subsequent reconstitution
    • A23B4/037Freeze-drying, i.e. cryodessication, lyophilisation; Apparatus therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of shellfish processing device for sliced sheet, solve the problem of there is heating in traditional shellfish drying process, influence shellfish dry product matter.The present apparatus includes slicer, vacuum freeze drying room, room of rising again, packing machine successively, is vacuum environment of the temperature at 45~-35 DEG C in vacuum freeze drying room, room of rising again using rising again naturally, and interior of rising again is using rare gas as protection gas.The present invention using first slice, the chip drying processing of shellfish is completed in the form of vacuum freeze drying, packaging of rising again again again, so that the shellfish after dry process is preferably kept original flavor;Before vacuum freeze drying, stocks up and vibrate using the material preparing rack layering of multilayer and shakeout, reduce stack thickness of shellfish meat during vacuum freeze drying, improve drying efficiency, ensure drying effect.

Description

Shellfish processing device for sliced sheet
Technical field
The invention belongs to food processing equipment fields, are related to a kind of shellfish processing unit (plant), more particularly to a kind of shellfish slice Processing unit (plant).
Background technology
Shellfish is the product being widely appreciated by consumers in marine product, with the improvement of living standards, people are to marine product packet The demand for including shellfish is increasing.Fresh shellfish retention cycle is short, can not long-term storage, therefore, a big chunk shellfish need After dry process, form that shellfish is dry to be preserved and sold, shellfish can extend Storage Period of Time after dry process.
In traditional shellfish drying process or pass through boiling water boiling, the China such as Publication No. CN104770460A is special It is recorded in profit " a kind of preparation method of freeze-drying seafood ", it is dry before by boiling water boiling 2-3 minutes;Or use hot air drying It is dry, such as the Chinese patent of Publication No. CN104247968A, a kind of spouted drying means of shellfish hot wind assisted microwave synthesis, shellfish drying Process uses heated-air drying.Shellfish drying process in hot environment can make it is protein-modified, to influence shellfish sheet The delicate flavour of body, original sea food flavor, quality variation cannot be kept by causing shellfish to be made when Bei Ganhou re-works edible.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to solve to there is heating in traditional shellfish drying process, asking for shellfish dry product matter is influenced Topic, provides a kind of shellfish processing device for sliced sheet, using low temperature drying, shellfish is kept to do original flavor.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of shellfish processing device for sliced sheet includes successively Slicer, vacuum freeze drying room, room of rising again, packing machine are vacuum of the temperature at -45~-35 DEG C in vacuum freeze drying room Environment, using rising again naturally, indoor be used as using rare gas of rising again protects gas for room of rising again.Shellfish is being cleaned, is completing meat shell point From rear, it is sliced, the shellfish meat after slice is sent in vacuum freeze drying room, and under -40 DEG C or so of vacuum environment, moisture is straight Distillation is connect, since shellfish meat has been cut into thin slice, the shellfish meat surface area of phase homogenous quantities is big, and drying efficiency greatly improves.Vacuum is cold Be lyophilized it is dry after shellfish meat feeding rise again room, rise again in its natural state, prevent from getting damp again under the protection of rare gas, then carry out Packaging.Heating process is not present in present apparatus drying process, the original local flavor after shellfish drying processing can be retained to greatest extent.
Preferably, slicer is equipped with blade, it is respectively provided with conveyer belt before and after blade, is set above the conveyer belt on front side of blade There are low temperature air nozzle, low temperature air nozzle to spray -4~0 DEG C of cryogenic gas.The temperature of shellfish meat is reduced by low-temperature spray nozzle before slice Degree places the excessively high influence quality of shellfish meat temperature in slicing processes.
Preferably, the inlet side of the vacuum freeze drying room is equipped with stock room, stock is indoor to be equipped with material preparing rack, stock It is equipped between room and vacuum freeze drying room and is mutually aligned the track slided for material preparing rack, stock up room and vacuum freeze drying room Between be equipped with stock partition door;The top of stock room is feed inlet, and feed inlet is the feeding gate of retractable sealing.Stocking up interior can The shellfish meat after slice to be placed on material preparing rack, before vacuum freeze drying room is completed after the drying of a collection of shellfish meat, directly into Material shortens convergence time, saves energy consumption.When stock, feeding gate is opened, and stock partition door is closed, and is fed toward material preparing rack;Material preparing rack It is opened toward partition door of when feeding of vacuum freeze drying room, only stocking up, respectively inlet and outlet include that feeding gate is turned off and keeps for stock room Sealing, material preparing rack enter vacuum freeze drying room by track, reduce to vacuum freeze drying chamber interior temperature and pressure environment Influence, save energy consumption, accelerate drying efficiency.
Preferably, the outlet side of the vacuum freeze drying room is equipped with discharge chamber, discharge chamber and vacuum freeze drying room Between be equipped be mutually aligned track slide for material preparing rack, between vacuum drying cabinet and discharge chamber be equipped with discharge partition door.Go out Expect that room, by the partition door partition that discharges, reduces the energy loss of vacuum freeze drying, save energy consumption with vacuum freeze drying room.
Preferably, being equipped with the circular orbit of material preparing rack revolution, the stock of discharge chamber between the discharge chamber and stock room Frame exit is equipped with discharging closing door;The material preparing rack revolution entrance of stock room is equipped with stock closing door.
Preferably, the material preparing rack includes chassis, opposite both sides upwardly extend setting side plate, both sides respectively on chassis Multilayer board is set between plate, the side plate use of the board side and wherein side, which can be spun upside down, to be swingingly articulated and connected, By the bracket support on another side plate, bracket is equipped with the spring of support board, and touch-control is additionally provided on bracket for the board other side Switch, the height when height of touch switch is uncompressed less than spring, lower layer's board correspond to the control of the touch switch on bracket Adjacent upper layer board downwardly turns over.During vacuum freeze drying, the thickness that material stacks has drying efficiency larger shadow It rings, therefore, in the present apparatus, material preparing rack divides multilayer board to be arranged.When charging, in two layers neighbouring of board, lower layer's board is put Flat, corresponding upper layer board, which is flipped up, to be holded up.Shellfish meat weight on lower layer's board is constantly accumulated, when reaching constant weight, bullet Spring is compressed up to board triggering touch switch, and the reversion downwards under touch switch control of corresponding upper layer board is laid flat.Each layer Board is repeated in the above process from top to bottom, and each layer board is made to stack shellfish meat successively from top to bottom, makes every layer of board shellfish meat heap Folded thickness will not be very big, improves drying efficiency.
Preferably, the indoor material preparing rack original state of stock is:Lowest level board is to downwardly turn over minimum point Horizontality, all boards in top are the vertical state for being flipped up peak.The board of material preparing rack is from top to bottom successively Stack shellfish meat.
Preferably, the side plate hinge of oppositely arranged, the neighbouring board alternating and both sides of the neighbouring board It connects in succession.Reduce interfering with each other when levels board is flipped up.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the board is equipped with vibrating motor, the vibrating motor corresponds to bracket by this layer of board Touch switch control is opened, and is closed using timer timing.When the shellfish meat that the board of this layer stacks reaches constant weight, touch Dynamic touch switch, above one layer of laminate invert downwards, meanwhile, the vibrating motor of this layer of board bottom surface starts, and board is driven to shake It is dynamic, the shellfish meat on board is shakeout, stack thickness of making thinner.After vibrating motor starts, after a certain period of time by timer setting work Stop.
Preferably, feed hopper is equipped with above the feed inlet on the stock room top, the feed opening alignment stock of feed hopper Indoor material preparing rack board center.
The slice that the present invention completes shellfish using first cryo-etching, again in the form of vacuum freeze drying, packaging of rising again again is dry Dry processing enables the shellfish after dry process to preferably keep original flavor;Before vacuum freeze drying, using the stock of multilayer Frame layering is stocked up and is vibrated and shakeouts, and reduces stack thickness of shellfish meat during vacuum freeze drying, improves dry effect Rate ensures drying effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is present invention stock frame structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the board support construction schematic diagram of present invention stock frame.
In figure:1. low temperature air nozzle, 2. slicers, 3. feed hoppers, 4. stock rooms, 5. vacuum freeze drying rooms, 6. dischargings Room, 7. rise again room, 8. packing machines, 9. material preparing racks, 10. stock closing doors, 11. feeding gates, 12. stock partition doors, 13. dischargings every Disconnected door, 14. discharging closing doors, 15. tracks, 16. side plates, 17. boards, 18. brackets, 19. springs, 20. touch switches, 21. shake Dynamic motor.
Specific implementation mode
Below by specific embodiment and in conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment:A kind of shellfish processing device for sliced sheet, as shown in Figure 1.The shellfish of the present apparatus is after the separation of meat shell, cleaning The shellfish meat crossed passes through slicer 2, vacuum freeze drying room 5, room 7 of rising again, packing machine 8 successively, and completion cryo-etching, drying are laggard Row packaging.Slicer conveys shellfish meat using conveyer belt, and low temperature air nozzle is provided with above the transfer passage before 2 blade of slicer 1, low temperature air nozzle sprays -45~0 DEG C of cryogenic gas to shellfish meat, reduces shellfish meat temperature, avoids the shellfish meat temperature in slicing processes Spend high influence quality.It is low pressure vacuum environment of the temperature at -45~-35 DEG C in vacuum freeze drying room.Room rise again using certainly It so rises again, indoor be used as using nitrogen, argon gas or other kinds of rare gas of rising again protects gas.
As shown in Figure 1, the inlet side of vacuum freeze drying room 5 is equipped with stock room 4, the outlet side of vacuum freeze drying room 5 Equipped with discharge chamber 6, head and the tail alignment rings are equipped between stock room, vacuum freeze drying room, discharge chamber around the track 15 of docking, track It is equipped with the material preparing rack 9 of operating.The top of stock room is feed inlet, and feed hopper 3 is equipped with above feed inlet, what slicer 2 was sliced Shellfish meat enters stock room from feed hopper 3.Feed inlet is the feeding gate 11 of retractable sealing.The track entrance of stock room 4 is equipped with The stock closing door 10 entered for material preparing rack 9 can be opened, stocking up to be equipped between room 4 and vacuum freeze drying room 5 turns for material preparing rack The stock partition door 12 of shifting;It is corresponding, discharging partition door 13 is equipped between vacuum freeze drying room 5 and discharge chamber 6, discharge chamber Track export is equipped with discharging closing door 14.
Material preparing rack structure is as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, and material preparing rack 9 includes chassis, and opposite both sides upwardly extend respectively on chassis Side plate 16 is set, multilayer board 17 is set between both side plate.For the board of bottom, the left side of bottom board and left side Side plate use, which can be spun upside down, to be swingingly articulated and connected, and the right side of bottom board is supported by the bracket 18 on the side plate of right side, The spring 19 of board is supported there are two being set on bracket 18, is additionally provided with touch switch 20 on the bracket among two springs, touch-control is opened The height when height of pass is uncompressed less than spring.For second layer board from the bottom up, with undermost board direction On the contrary, it is hinged with right side side plate on the right side of second layer board, by bracket support is arranged on the side plate of left side on the left of second layer board.According to this Analogize, the board direction of adjacent layer is on the contrary, be arranged alternately.Indoor material preparing rack original state of stocking up is:Lowest level board be to Under be turned to the horizontality of minimum point, all boards in top are the vertical state for being flipped up peak.In every layer of board Bottom surface be sticked the vibrating motor 17 individually controlled.When the touch switch of this layer of board is touched, last layer board is controlled It downwardly turns over and is laid flat, while controlling the startup of this layer of vibrating motor, vibrating motor is equipped with timer, stops after running setting time Only.When material preparing rack is located at stock interior, feed hopper is aligned the center of board.
When charging, in two layers neighbouring of board, lower layer's board is laid flat, and corresponding upper layer board, which is flipped up, to be holded up. Shellfish meat weight on lower layer's board is constantly accumulated, and when reaching constant weight, spring is compressed up to board triggering touch switch, right The upper layer board answered reversion downwards under touch switch control is laid flat, while shellfish meat is shakeout in this layer of board vibration.Each layer board It repeats the above process from top to bottom, each layer board is made to stack shellfish meat successively from top to bottom, make every layer of board shellfish meat stack thickness not Can be very big, improve drying efficiency.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of shellfish processing device for sliced sheet, which is characterized in that include slicer, vacuum freeze drying room, room of rising again, packet successively Installation is vacuum environment of the temperature at -45~-35 DEG C in vacuum freeze drying room, and room of rising again using rising again naturally, room of rising again Interior to be used as protection gas, the inlet side of the vacuum freeze drying room to be equipped with stock room using rare gas, stock interior is equipped with standby Rack, stocking up to be equipped between room and vacuum freeze drying room is mutually aligned the track slided for material preparing rack, stock up room and vacuum Stock partition door is equipped between freeze drying chamber;The top of stock room is feed inlet, and feed inlet is the feeding gate of retractable sealing, The material preparing rack includes chassis, and opposite both sides upwardly extend setting side plate respectively on chassis, and setting multilayer is held between both side plate The side plate use of plate, the board side and wherein side, which can be spun upside down, to be swingingly articulated and connected, and the board other side passes through another Bracket support on side plate, bracket are equipped with the spring of support board, touch switch, the height of touch switch are additionally provided on bracket Height of degree when being uncompressed less than spring, lower layer's board corresponds to the touch switch on bracket, and to control adjacent upper layer board downward Overturning.
2. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Slicer is equipped with blade, before blade After be respectively provided with conveyer belt, low temperature air nozzle is equipped with above conveyer belt on front side of blade, low temperature air nozzle sprays -4~0 DEG C of low temperature Gas.
3. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outlet of the vacuum freeze drying room Side is equipped with discharge chamber, is equipped between discharge chamber and vacuum freeze drying room and is mutually aligned the track slided for material preparing rack, vacuum Discharging partition door is equipped between freeze drying chamber and discharge chamber.
4. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is set between the discharge chamber and stock room There are the circular orbit that material preparing rack turns round, the material preparing rack exit of discharge chamber to be equipped with discharging closing door;The material preparing rack revolution of stock room Entrance is equipped with stock closing door.
5. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The indoor material preparing rack of stock is initial State is:Lowest level board is the horizontality for downwardly turning over minimum point, and all boards in top are to be flipped up peak Vertical state.
6. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The neighbouring board is reversely set It sets, neighbouring board is alternately articulated and connected with the side plate of both sides.
7. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom surface of the board is equipped with vibration electricity Machine, the touch switch that the vibrating motor is corresponded to bracket by this layer of board controls unlatching, and is closed using timer timing.
8. shellfish processing device for sliced sheet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:On the feed inlet on the stock room top Side is equipped with feed hopper, the feed opening alignment stock indoor material preparing rack board center of feed hopper.
CN201610611094.5A 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 Shellfish processing device for sliced sheet Active CN106172690B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106172690B true CN106172690B (en) 2018-07-17

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CN112088929A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-12-18 湖南聚味堂食品有限公司 Mussel wire pulling equipment

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