CN106171910A - Hylocereus undatus urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil - Google Patents

Hylocereus undatus urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171910A
CN106171910A CN201610770986.XA CN201610770986A CN106171910A CN 106171910 A CN106171910 A CN 106171910A CN 201610770986 A CN201610770986 A CN 201610770986A CN 106171910 A CN106171910 A CN 106171910A
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China
Prior art keywords
cutting
cultivating
soil
root
hylocereus undatus
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CN201610770986.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟有超
符兆欢
林群艳
廖集新
林明龙
郑翱毅
罗丽丹
余荣光
苏美鑑
解华云
陈铭斯
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Qinzhou Pitaya Engineering Technology Research Center
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Qinzhou Pitaya Engineering Technology Research Center
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Priority to CN201610770986.XA priority Critical patent/CN106171910A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses Hylocereus undatus and urge root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, comprise the steps: 1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, give birth to and the most aging dragon fruit bough makees cutting then, immersion liquid medicine is sterilized, and is dried and treats that wound heals completely;2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) the cutting sponge strip that obtains is wound around cutting base portion, and inject in the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board, then seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, it is transplanted to outside canopy after taking root;3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through the substrate of urging the cutting of root to be transplanted to outside canopy, until cutting grow sprouting aging after can go out garden;Described nutritional solution, is made up of the composition of following weight proportion: 100 parts of water, NPK be 15 15 15 water soluble composite fertilizer 1.0 1.5 parts, water solublity calcium superphosphate 1.0 2.0 parts, biochemical fulvic acid 0.10 0.20 parts, 0.2 0.4 parts of carbamide.

Description

Hylocereus undatus urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil
Technical field
The present invention relates to fruit cultivation technology, particularly relate to Hylocereus undatus and urge root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil.
Background technology
Hylocereus undatus (Latin literary fame: Hylocereus undulatus Britt), also known as Hylocereus undatus, Herba Passiflorae Foetidae, celestial mamoncillo, Yulong fruit.Cactaceae, Hylocereus undatus platymiscium.Fruit ovalize, diameter 10-12 centimetre, outward appearance is red or yellow, has green The thallus of color rounded triangle, white, red or yellow sarcocarp, there is melanospermous fruit.Hylocereus undatus is nutritious, merit Can be unique, it is fine that it contains the rare vegetable albumin of general plant and anthocyanidin, abundant vitamin and aqueous soluble dietary Dimension.Hylocereus undatus belongs to cool property fruit, and in its natural state, fruit is ripe in the autumn in summer, and taste is sweet, succulence.
The propagation method of Hylocereus undatus typically uses cottage propagation and propagation by grafiting.Cottage propagation, cutting time is with spring Suitably, the stipes that cutting choosing growth is enriched, it is cut into the segment of long 375px, after wound air-dries, inserts husky bed or cuttage exists With concrete column side under bracing frame.Later need not of cuttage is watered, and starts to water, about after keeping the mass dryness fraction of soil, 10 days Within 15-30 days, can take root, nursery transplant bed during root length to 3-100px.Propagation by grafiting, selects without pest and disease damage, robust growth, stem meat full " Hylocereus undatus " do stock, carry out Hylocereus undatus grafting in fine day.Stems of dragon fruits is used cutter incisal plane, scion is inserted, be directed at shape Stratification, ties fixing with cotton thread, and under the conditions of 28-30 DEG C, within 4-5 days, i.e. there are a large amount of Callus formation, scion in wound composition surface Close with stock color, illustrate that the two vascular bundle heals, grafting success, then can be moved into temporary seedbed and continue to cultivate.
Prior art research to Hylocereus undatus nursery, such as Chinese patent CN103931399B, discloses nursery side Method: choose one piece of square field, bottom one layer of blinding of paving and gravel, one layer of soil is spread on upper strata makes it bottom is completely covered, so After that dry, full Hylocereus undatus seed is sprinkled upon on the soil on upper strata, spray and use after clear water preservative film to cover, every day is changed Preservative film and sprinkling clear water, i.e. removable preservative film, the sprinkling of holding every day afterwards after the germination of more than 90% after 3-5 days Clear water, can separately plant when after 4-6 week, young plant height reaches 5-8cm.This is conventional seedbed system method, and the time is long.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient Hylocereus undatus and urge root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, to solve Hylocereus undatus Urge root problem without soil, and the time is short.
Hylocereus undatus of the present invention urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, comprises the steps:
1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, give birth to and the most aging HUOLONG Fruit branch then Row culture cutting, soaks liquid medicine sterilization, is dried and treats that wound heals completely;
2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) the cutting sponge strip that obtains is wound around cutting base portion, injects the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board In, then seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, it is transplanted to outside canopy after taking root;
3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through the substrate of urging the cutting of root to be transplanted to outside canopy, treat that cutting grows newly Garden can be gone out after bud is aging;
Step 2) described in nutritional solution, be made up of the composition of following weight proportion:
100 parts of water, NPK be water soluble composite fertilizer 1.0-1.5 part of 15-15-15, water solublity calcium superphosphate 1.0-2.0 part, Biochemical fulvic acid 0.10-0.20 part, carbamide 0.2-0.4 part.
Step 1 of the present invention) described in dragon fruit bough, preferably every segment length 15-20 centimetre;Described sterilization, preferably uses The mercuric chloride sterilization of 0.1%;Described being dried, dry in the sun 1-2 days or put is dried in the shade 5-7 days in the cool the most in the sun.
Step 2) described in sponge strip, the specification of preferably 15 × 5 × 0.5 centimetre;Described spraying nutritional solution, it is preferred to use Spraying system, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continue 7 days;Described take root after be transplanted to outside canopy, within preferably after cuttage 10 days, transplant Outside canopy.
Step 3) described in the substrate being transplanted to outside canopy, preferably seeding row spacing 15 × 20 centimetres, the depth of planting about 5 centimetres;Institute The substrate stated, is preferably made up of the volume ratio of perlite 50%, fertile soil 50%;It is aging that described cutting grows sprouting, for 30- 40 days.
Compared to existing technology, it is an advantage of the current invention that:
1, the present invention uses and urges root without soil, prepares special nutritional solution, and 7 day time just can grow the root that makes new advances, and rooting rate reaches More than 99.6%.
2, the present invention can significantly accelerate nursery speed, and nursery stock just can go out garden in 40-50 days, shorten than conventional seedbed system method More than half time, transplanting survival rate reaches more than 99.8%.
Detailed description of the invention
With embodiment, the invention will be further described below, but the invention is not limited in these embodiments.
Embodiment 1:
1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, give birth to and the most aging HUOLONG Fruit branch then Row culture cutting, every segment length 15-20 centimetre, soak liquid medicine sterilization, dry in the sun 1-2 days under sunlight, treat that wound heals completely;
2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) cutting that obtains is wound around cutting base portion with the sponge strip of 15 × 5 × 0.5 centimetre, inserts Enter in the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board, then seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, use spraying system System, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continue 7 days, within after cuttage 10 days, be transplanted to outside canopy;
3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through urging that the cutting of root is transplanted to outside canopy by perlite 50%, humic The substrate of the volume ratio composition of soil 50%, seeding row spacing 15 × 20 centimetres, the depth of planting about 5 centimetres, to cultivate 30-40 days, cutting is long Go out sprouting aging after can go out garden;
Step 2) described in nutritional solution, be made up of the composition of following weight proportion:
100 parts of water, NPK are the water soluble composite fertilizer 1.0 parts of 15-15-15, water solublity calcium superphosphate 2.0 parts, biochemical yellow humic Acid 0.10 part, 0.4 part of carbamide.
Embodiment 2:
1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, give birth to and the most aging HUOLONG Fruit branch then Row culture cutting, every segment length 15-20 centimetre, soak liquid medicine sterilization, put and dry in the shade in the cool 5-7 days, treat that wound heals completely;
2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) cutting that obtains is wound around cutting base portion with the sponge strip of 15 × 5 × 0.5 centimetre, inserts Enter in the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board, then seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, use spraying system System, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continue 7 days, within after cuttage 10 days, be transplanted to outside canopy;
3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through urging that the cutting of root is transplanted to outside canopy by perlite 50%, humic The substrate of the volume ratio composition of soil 50%, seeding row spacing 15 × 20 centimetres, the depth of planting about 5 centimetres, to cultivate 30-40 days, cutting is long Go out sprouting aging after can go out garden;
Step 2) described in nutritional solution, be made up of the composition of following weight proportion:
100 parts of water, NPK are the water soluble composite fertilizer 1.5 parts of 15-15-15, water solublity calcium superphosphate 1.0 parts, biochemical yellow humic Acid 0.20 part, 0.2 part of carbamide.
Embodiment 3:
1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, give birth to and the most aging HUOLONG Fruit branch then Row culture cutting, every segment length 15-20 centimetre, soak liquid medicine sterilization, dry in the sun 1-2 days under sunlight, treat that wound heals completely;
2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) cutting that obtains is wound around cutting base portion with the sponge strip of 15 × 5 × 0.5 centimetre, inserts Enter in the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board, then seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, use spraying system System, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continue 7 days, within after cuttage 10 days, be transplanted to outside canopy;
3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through urging that the cutting of root is transplanted to outside canopy by perlite 50%, humic The substrate of the volume ratio composition of soil 50%, seeding row spacing 15 × 20 centimetres, the depth of planting about 5 centimetres, to cultivate 30-40 days, cutting is long Go out sprouting aging after can go out garden;
Step 2) described in nutritional solution, be made up of the composition of following weight proportion:
100 parts of water, NPK are the water soluble composite fertilizer 1.2 parts of 15-15-15, water solublity calcium superphosphate 1.5 parts, biochemical yellow humic Acid 0.15 part, 0.3 part of carbamide.
Comparative example:
1) annual March, robust growth, disease-free, the growth red meat strain Hylocereus undatus maternal plant of more than 3 years, truncation are chosen Maternal plant tender stem, and tender stem is cut into the section shape of a length of 25-30cm, as cutting seedling;
2) one end otch of each cutting seedling is placed in state's light tea acetic acid taking root liquid that concentration is 1:1000 cultivation 20-30 days Take root;
3) cutting seedling after taking root is transplanted and is cultivated to cultivation matrix, and growing temperatures is 18-35 DEG C, cultivates air humidity For 60%-80%, cultivation matrix is pressed 1:3:0.05:2:10:30 by coarse sand, peat soil, Maifanitum, chernozem, fertile soil, garden mould Weight ratio be blended;
4) transplant after, every 1 month in cutting seedling spray one time strong sprout liquid, be sprayed to cutting seedling continuously and grow alabastrum, Described strong sprout, liquid was blended by gibberellins 2000mg/L, heteroauxing 150mg/L, uniconazole P 30mg/L;
5) transplant after, at quarterly intervals apply a seedling fertilizer, described seedling fertilizer by maggot cry excrement, carbamide, egg-shell meal, sheep stool, Bone meal, dolomite, plant ash are mixed by the weight ratio of 1:0.01:0.8:2:0.03:0.05:0.1.
Rooting rate 98.2%, transplanting survival rate 99.1%.

Claims (8)

1. Hylocereus undatus urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
1) cutting prepares: choose that kind is pure, robust growth, without pest and disease damage, dragon fruit bough raw and the most aging then work Cutting, soaks liquid medicine sterilization, is dried and treats that wound heals completely;
2) root is urged in cuttage: by step 1) the cutting sponge strip that obtains is wound around cutting base portion, injects in the seedlings plugging hole of seedlings cultivating board, then Seedlings cultivating board is placed on the shelf above water leg, nutritional solution of spraying, is transplanted to outside canopy after taking root;
3) substrate is cultivated: by step 2) obtain through the substrate of urging the cutting of root to be transplanted to outside canopy, treat that cutting grows sprouting old Garden can be gone out after ripe;
Step 2) described in nutritional solution, be made up of the composition of following weight proportion:
100 parts of water, NPK are water soluble composite fertilizer 1.0-1.5 part of 15-15-15, water solublity calcium superphosphate 1.0-2.0 part, biochemistry Fulvic acid 0.10-0.20 part, carbamide 0.2-0.4 part.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 1 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 1) described in fire Dragon Fruit branch bar, every segment length is 15-20 centimetre.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 1 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 1) described in dry Dry, dry in the shade in the cool 5-7 days for dry in the sun 1-2 days in the sun or put.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 3 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 2) described in sea Continuous bar, specification is 15 × 5 × 0.5 centimetre.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 1 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 2) described in spray Mist nutritional solution, refers to use spraying system, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continues 7 days.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 3 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 2) described in life It is transplanted to after root outside canopy, within after referring to cuttage 10 days, is transplanted to outside canopy.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 1 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 2) described in spray Mist nutritional solution, refers to use spraying system, is spaced 10 minutes and sprays 5 seconds, continues 7 days.
Hylocereus undatus the most according to claim 1 urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil, it is characterised in that: step 2) described in insert It is aging that bar grows sprouting, for 30-40 days.
CN201610770986.XA 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Hylocereus undatus urges root fast seedling-cultivating method without soil Pending CN106171910A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155584A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 明光市裕阳农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit implantation methods of high yield
CN108370927A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-07 平南县正达农业发展有限公司 A kind of type of rearing of dragon fruit
CN108432573A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-08-24 绩溪县徽安生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high yield red heart dragon fruit
CN108566867A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-09-25 昆明学院 A kind of dragon fruit bonsai quick shaping breeding method
CN110800566A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-18 淮北市四季蔬菜种植有限公司 Rapid seedling raising process for pitaya

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155584A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 明光市裕阳农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit implantation methods of high yield
CN108370927A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-07 平南县正达农业发展有限公司 A kind of type of rearing of dragon fruit
CN108432573A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-08-24 绩溪县徽安生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high yield red heart dragon fruit
CN108566867A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-09-25 昆明学院 A kind of dragon fruit bonsai quick shaping breeding method
CN110800566A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-18 淮北市四季蔬菜种植有限公司 Rapid seedling raising process for pitaya

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Application publication date: 20161207