CN106171746A - The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia - Google Patents

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171746A
CN106171746A CN201610550621.6A CN201610550621A CN106171746A CN 106171746 A CN106171746 A CN 106171746A CN 201610550621 A CN201610550621 A CN 201610550621A CN 106171746 A CN106171746 A CN 106171746A
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paulownia
soil
salt
plantation
transplanting
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王胜
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610550621.6A priority Critical patent/CN106171746A/en
Publication of CN106171746A publication Critical patent/CN106171746A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, first in salt-soda soil, add composite microbial manure etc., then reach to be effectively improved Soil structure by permeable membrane, it is provided that Paulownia desired nutritional, can regulate in soil and improve Paulownia survival rate.

Description

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia
Technical field
The present invention relates to the improving technology field in salt-soda soil, it particularly relates to the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Paulownia Method.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil be saline land with alkali ground general name.Solonchak refers mainly to chloride or the higher salinization soil of sulfate, Soil is alkalescence, but pH value is the highest.Refer to alkali carbonate containing or weight phosphatic soil, pH value is higher, soil in Alkalescence.The content of organic matter in salt-soda soil is few, and soil fertility is low, and physicochemical character is poor, and the anions and canons harmful to crop is many, crop It is difficult to promote Seedling.The area in salt-soda soil, the whole world is 9.5438 hundred million hectares, and wherein China is 99,130,000 hectares.China's alkali ground and alkalization The formation of soil, major part is accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil, thus basicity is the highest, serious area, salt-soda soil Plant is little to existence.The salinization of soil in soil has been worldwide ecological problem, the soil in current global range Salinization and alkalization is obvious ascendant trend, the salinization of soil in soil have become as the important restriction of world agriculture sustainable development because of Element.For the improvement in salt-soda soil, conventional method has: 1, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, and the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching is poured into water in salt-soda soil exactly, makes soil salt molten Solve, by under ooze and be discharged in deep soil or drip washing is gone out saline and alkaline for the solubility in topsoil, infiltration gutter, side is got rid of; 2, level land, level land and can make to ooze under uniform moisture, improve rainfall and drench salt and irrigate the effect of the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, prevent soil plaque-like Salination;3, rake the soil level in good time, the table soil that can loosen of raking the soil level, blocks soil capillary water and carries salinity to earth's surface, play and prevent the accumulation of salt in the surface soil Effect;4, applying organic manure, rational use of chemical fertilizer, fertilizer forms humus through microbial decomposition, conversion, can improve soil Soil is effectively improved by reason agent " solodization ".
At present, use be administered alone ardealite to improve salt-soda soil method be ardealite is applied in salt-soda soil after, immediately Carrying out leaching process, the method can improve the Soil structure in salt-soda soil to a certain extent, but the longest, it is generally required to two Triennium could Planting Crops, and use on slight alkaline land ardealite process after, the germination percentage of plant is the most relatively low And later stage growing way is bad.Someone utilizes ardealite to be prepared by mixing into modifying agent with flyash, humic acid and high nitrogen fertilizer material etc., takes The effect obtained is better than ardealite is administered alone, but high expensive, and effect is not the best enough.Such as Application No. The application for a patent for invention of 201210522182.X discloses the soil conditioner with ardealite as raw material production and manufacture thereof and makes By method, this modifying agent has ardealite, humic acid, ferrous sulfate, carbamide and sulphuric acid to be mixed, and it has to a certain degree Upper improvement Soil structure, regulation soil pH, activation soil nutrient elements and supplementary Trace Elements in Soil calcium, sulfur, ferrum and zinc Etc. characteristic.But this modifying agent cost is of a relatively high, relatively low to the regulation power of soil salt, acid-base value.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of in salt-soda soil, especially in heavy saline, plant the side of Paulownia Method, the method can regulate the salinity in soil and improve Paulownia survival rate.A kind of salt-soda soil is planted and transplants Paulownia Method, is carried out as steps described below:
Step one: humic acid, rotten Radix Ipomoeae, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step Two: by powder
Mince, add water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good Seedbed, presses
Furrow band furrow width 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm, step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, Paulownia is implanted hole In, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
Preferably, the mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 10-20 part, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 10-26 part, Plant ash 40-60 part, sheep stool 50-70 part, cattle manure 70-80 part, powder of straw 100-150 part, water 150-170 part, microorganism 40-55 Part.Preferably,
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.Preferably, described In step 4, the amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300-1500kg/ mu, 200-300kg/ mu preferably, institute The permeable membrane stated can allow water and inorganic salt pass through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.Preferably, described step 4 In plantation hole specification be 100cm*100cm*90cm.Preferably, must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is complete Good, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Salt-soda soil provided by the present invention plantation and the method transplanting Paulownia, one It is the pH value being improved soil by microbial manure, and the growth for Paulownia provides fertilizer;Two is to carry out the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching by permeable membrane, Reach to regulate the purpose of soil salt content;Three is that the present invention need not add soil moved in improve the original, and fertilizer source is wide, with low cost, economic effect Benefit is good;Four is that Paulownia survival rate is the highest, and grows rapidly.
Detailed description of the invention
With salinity as 1.5-4g/kg, pH value is 7.5-8.5 salt-soda soil for experiment soil, draws below embodiment, to this Invent further labor:
Embodiment 1
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: humic acid, rotten Radix Ipomoeae, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step Two: by ground product, add water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good Seedling Bed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step Rapid four: in the middle of ridge, open plantation hole, permeable membrane is covered bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, Paulownia is implanted in hole, uniformly executes micro- Bio-feritlizer and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 10 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 10 parts, plant ash 40 parts, sheep 50 parts of excrement, cattle manure 70 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 40 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300kg/ mu, 200kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm* 90cm.Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Implement Example 2
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 1130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, Use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, by permeable membrane Covering bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implanted in hole by Paulownia, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, 0.8kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 15 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, plant ash 60 parts, sheep 60 parts of excrement, cattle manure 75 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 50 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1360kg/ mu, 250kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm* Must assure that when step 5 described in 90cm is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Embodiment 3
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, adopts Use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered Covering bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implanted in hole by Paulownia, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, 1.2kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 20 parts, plant ash 60 parts, sheep 60 parts of excrement, cattle manure 70 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 55 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1350kg/ mu, 280kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm*90cm
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Table one is the growing state of the pilot forest of embodiment 1-3:
Table two is the soil salt content in the range of the permeable membrane encirclement of embodiment 1-3 and pH value situation of change:
From the detection data of embodiment 1-3: in the case of preferred experiment condition, make to be obtained by the present invention The survival rate of Paulownia and the speed of growth the best, salinity and pH value to soil all have extraordinary improvement to make simultaneously With.By other embodiments, the factors such as fertilising situation, the situation planting pit-size are made a concrete analysis of below.Embodiment 4
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, make fertilizer;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90- 120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane covers bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, will Paulownia is implanted in hole, uniform of application and ammonium sulfate, and original soil backfills, imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described fertilizer is: humic acid 15 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, plant ash 60 parts, sheep stool 60 parts, Cattle manure 75 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water.In described step 4, the amount of application of fertilizer and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300kg/ Mu, 250kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic salt pass through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.Described Step 4 in plantation hole specification be in the step 5 described in 100cm*100cm*90cm transplant time must assure that soil ball complete Good, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Embodiment 5
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, adopts Use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered Covering bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implanted in hole by Paulownia, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, 0.8kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 10 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 13 parts, plant ash 50 parts, sheep 50 parts of excrement, cattle manure 75 parts, powder of straw 100 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 40 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 650kg/ mu, 200kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm* Must assure that when step 5 described in 90cm is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Embodiment 6
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: humic acid, rotten Radix Ipomoeae, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 9 days, adds microorganism and makes microbial manure;Step Rapid three: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, Paulownia is implanted hole In, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 18 parts, plant ash 64 parts, sheep 63 parts of excrement, cattle manure 74 parts, powder of straw 130 parts, 165 parts of water, microorganism 52 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1950kg/ mu, 200kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm* Must assure that when step 5 described in 90cm is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Embodiment 7
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, adopts Use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered Covering bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implanted in hole by Paulownia, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, 0.8kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 15 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, plant ash 60 parts, sheep 60 parts of excrement, cattle manure 75 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 50 parts.The microorganism added in described step 2 is fixed nitrogen Bacterium, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4, the amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300kg/ mu, 100kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic salt pass through, but Organic substance cannot lead to smoothly Cross.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 must assure that when being and transplant in the step 5 described in 100cm*100cm*90cm Soil ball is intact, keeps moisture simultaneously, completes to transplant in 24 hours.Embodiment 8
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out: step one: as steps described below by humic acid, rotten red Potato, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: by ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, and seals Ferment 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, adopts Use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane is covered Covering bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implanted in hole by Paulownia, uniformly execute microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 19 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 18 parts, plant ash 59 parts, sheep 63 parts of excrement, cattle manure 73 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 50 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1400kg/ mu, 300kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 100cm*100cm* Must assure that when step 5 described in 90cm is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.Embodiment 9
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: humic acid, rotten Radix Ipomoeae, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step Two: by ground product, add water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 9 days, add microorganism and make microbial manure;Step 3: whole good Seedling Bed, by 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-100cm;Step Rapid four: in the middle of ridge, open plantation hole, permeable membrane is covered bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, Paulownia is implanted in hole, uniformly executes micro- Bio-feritlizer and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;
Step 5: irrigation of watering every day, after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, connects permeable membrane one digging by Paulownia Go out, the native ball of soil in film and Paulownia root growth is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: humic acid 15 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, plant ash 60 parts, sheep 60 parts of excrement, cattle manure 75 parts, powder of straw 120 parts, 160 parts of water, microorganism 50 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.In described step 4 The amount of application of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300kg/ mu, 250kg/ mu.Described permeable membrane can allow water and inorganic Salt passes through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm* Must assure that when step 5 described in 80cm is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Contrast with embodiment 1, embodiment 4 is added without microorganism;In embodiment 5, the usage amount of microbial manure subtracts Half;In embodiment 6, the usage amount of microbial manure increases by 50%;In embodiment 7, the usage amount of ammonium sulfate halves;In embodiment 8 The usage amount of ammonium sulfate increases by 50%;The volume-diminished in the plantation hole in embodiment 9 gets over 30%.
Embodiment 4-9 is detected and and embodiment 1 contrast, draw following data:
Table three is the growing state of pilot forest of embodiment 4-9 and 1:
Table four be embodiment 4-9 and 1 permeable membrane surround in the range of soil salt content and pH value situation of change:
By detection data it is recognised that whether fertilizer adds microorganism, microbial manure addition is very few, ammonium sulfate Addition very few and plantation cheat the too small growth that all can affect Paulownia, whether fertilizer wherein adds microorganism, microorganism The very few survival rate that also can affect Paulownia of addition of fertilizer;But excess increases the addition of microbial manure and ammonium sulfate Addition does not results in more preferable effect to the growth of Paulownia.Meanwhile, whether fertilizer adds microorganism, the adding of microbial manure Enter amount to cross that I haven't seen you for ages and affect the improved effect of soil, but excess increases addition and the addition pair of ammonium sulfate of microbial manure The improvement of soil does not results in more preferable effect.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a salt-soda soil plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that carry out as steps described below:
Step one: humic acid, rotten Radix Ipomoeae, plant ash, sheep stool, cattle manure and powder of straw are pulverized by pulverizer;Step 2: will Ground product, adds water and is sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, adds microorganism and makes microbial manure;Step 3: whole good seedbed, By furrow band furrow width 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, use single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 90-120cm, spacing in the rows 80- 100cm;Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, permeable membrane covers bottom and the surrounding in whole hole, implants Paulownia in hole, Uniformly executing microbial manure and ammonium sulfate, original soil backfills, and imposes 0.2% aqueous solution of urea, and 1kg is watered in every strain;Step 5: every day waters Water is irrigated, and after treating that the plant height of Paulownia rises 80-100%, is dug out by Paulownia, by soil in film and Paulownia root together with permeable membrane The native ball that system is formed is transplanted together;Permeable membrane is reusable after over cleaning.
2. described salt-soda soil plantation as claimed in claim 1 and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that described microorganism The mass fraction of each composition of fertilizer is: humic acid 10-20 part, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 10-26 part, plant ash 40-60 part, sheep stool 50-70 part, Cattle manure 70-80 part, powder of straw 100-150 part, water 150-170 part, microorganism 40-55 part.
3. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that add in described step 2 Microorganism be nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria.
4. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that micro-in described step 4 The amount of application of bio-feritlizer and ammonium sulfate is respectively 1300-1500kg/ mu, 200-300kg/ mu.
5. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that containing of described salt-soda soil Salt amount is 1.5-4g/kg, and pH value is 7.5-8.5.
6. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that described permeable membrane is permissible Allow water and inorganic salt pass through, but Organic substance cannot pass through.
7. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that in described step 4 The specification in plantation hole is 100cm*100cm*90cm.
8. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Paulownia, it is characterised in that move in described step 5 Must assure that when planting that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
CN201610550621.6A 2016-07-11 2016-07-11 The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Paulownia Pending CN106171746A (en)

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CN106962120A (en) * 2017-05-13 2017-07-21 广东恒辉生态园林有限公司 A kind of seedling planting method in alkaline land
CN110278818A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-27 陈政璋 A kind of cultivation of paulownia sapling and manage and protect new method
CN110301279A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-10-08 陈政璋 A kind of novel method for cultivating of paulownia sapling

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CN105432409A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 天津创世生态景观建设股份有限公司 Method for improving planting patch forest of saline-alkali soil original soil
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CN101940147A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-01-12 安茂生物科技有限公司 Poplar tree cultivating method for improving saline-alkaline land
CN103703992A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-04-09 曾建 Planting method for sandy land vegetation recovery
CN105367157A (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-02 徐州丰润生物有机肥料科技发展有限公司 Multi-element compound microorganism fertilizer for planting garlic
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962120A (en) * 2017-05-13 2017-07-21 广东恒辉生态园林有限公司 A kind of seedling planting method in alkaline land
CN110278818A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-27 陈政璋 A kind of cultivation of paulownia sapling and manage and protect new method
CN110301279A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-10-08 陈政璋 A kind of novel method for cultivating of paulownia sapling

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