CN106171737A - The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi method - Google Patents

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171737A
CN106171737A CN201610542616.0A CN201610542616A CN106171737A CN 106171737 A CN106171737 A CN 106171737A CN 201610542616 A CN201610542616 A CN 201610542616A CN 106171737 A CN106171737 A CN 106171737A
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ligustri lucidi
fructus ligustri
soil
plantation
salt
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王胜
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/08Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention provides the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, matched the incompatible salinity improving soil by microbial manure and furfural dregs, and the growth for Fructus Ligustri Lucidi provides fertilizer, make whole during need not add soil moved in improve the original, fertilizer source is wide, with low cost, good in economic efficiency, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi survival rate is high, and grows rapidly.

Description

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the improving technology field in salt-soda soil, it particularly relates to the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi Method.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil be saline land with alkali ground general name.Solonchak refers mainly to chloride or the higher salinization soil of sulfate, Soil is alkalescence, but pH value is the highest.Refer to alkali carbonate containing or weight phosphatic soil, pH value is higher, soil in Alkalescence.The content of organic matter in salt-soda soil is few, and soil fertility is low, and physicochemical character is poor, and the anions and canons harmful to crop is many, crop It is difficult to promote Seedling.The area in salt-soda soil, the whole world is 9.5438 hundred million hectares, and wherein China is 99,130,000 hectares.China's alkali ground and alkalization The formation of soil, major part is accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil, thus basicity is the highest, serious area, salt-soda soil Plant is little to existence.The salinization of soil in soil has been worldwide ecological problem, the soil in current global range Salinization and alkalization is obvious ascendant trend, the salinization of soil in soil have become as the important restriction of world agriculture sustainable development because of Element.For the improvement in salt-soda soil, conventional method has: 1, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, and the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching is poured into water in salt-soda soil exactly, makes soil salt molten Solve, by under ooze and be discharged in deep soil or drip washing is gone out saline and alkaline for the solubility in topsoil, infiltration gutter, side is got rid of; 2, level land, level land and can make to ooze under uniform moisture, improve rainfall and drench salt and irrigate the effect of the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, prevent soil plaque-like Salination;3, rake the soil level in good time, the table soil that can loosen of raking the soil level, blocks soil capillary water and carries salinity to earth's surface, play and prevent the accumulation of salt in the surface soil Effect;4, applying organic manure, rational use of chemical fertilizer, fertilizer forms humus through microbial decomposition, conversion, can improve soil Reason agent " is combatted alkalinity " and is effectively improved soil.
At present, use be administered alone ardealite to improve salt-soda soil method be ardealite is applied in salt-soda soil after, immediately Carrying out leaching process, the method can improve the Soil structure in salt-soda soil to a certain extent, but the longest, it is generally required to two Triennium could Planting Crops, and use on slight alkaline land ardealite process after, the germination percentage of plant is the most relatively low And later stage growing way is bad.Someone utilizes ardealite to be prepared by mixing into modifying agent with flyash, humic acid and high nitrogen fertilizer material etc., takes The effect obtained is better than ardealite is administered alone, but high expensive, and effect is not the best enough.Such as Application No. The application for a patent for invention of 201210522182.X discloses the soil conditioner with ardealite as raw material production and manufacture thereof and makes By method, this modifying agent has ardealite, humic acid, ferrous sulfate, carbamide and sulphuric acid to be mixed, and it has to a certain degree Upper improvement Soil structure, regulation soil pH, activation soil nutrient elements and supplementary Trace Elements in Soil calcium, sulfur, ferrum and zinc Etc. characteristic.But this modifying agent cost is of a relatively high, relatively low to the regulation power of soil salt, acid-base value.
Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is for evergreen big shrub or arbor, bark taupe, smooth does not splits.Leaf is long 8-12 centimetre, keratin gloss, insults Ilicis Purpureae is emerald green, and trunk is upright or two, three dry with going out, branch is tiltedly opened up, and becomes the tree crown of wide avette rounding, can plant as shade tree, resistance to pruning, It is typically used as hedgerow.Timber is fine and closely woven, for carpentry timber.Fruit is starch-containing makes wine, and is used as medicine for analeptic.Leaf can treat mouth Chamber is scorching, pharyngolaryngitis;Bark grinds can treat scald etc.;Rhizome is steep in wine, dispelling the wind and dampness pathogens.Ligustrum lucidum ait happiness light, likes warm, the most resistance to shade. Rapid at subacidity soil-grown, neutral, alkalescence soil also can grow.Rudiment power is strong, wide accommodation.There is the anti-cigarette that lays the dust Function, can sulfur dioxide absorption, adapt to factories and miness, urban afforestation, be one of rare northern Evergreen Broad-leaved Tree Species.
Fructus Ligustri Lucidi tolerance to cold is good, water-fast wet, likes warm and moist weather, likes the resistance to shade of light.Meta-alkalescence soil-grown at pH value 8-9 Normally.Happiness sunlight, requires not tight to soil, and property is strong, sprouts principal stresses strong, and resistance to pruning, at soil deep, fertile, well-drained Middle growth is best.For deep-rootedness seeds, fibrous root is flourishing, and growth is fast, and rudiment power is strong, resistance to pruning.Better resistance to atmospheric pollution, Sulfur dioxide, chlorine, fluohydric acid gas and lead steam are all had stronger resistance, also can stand higher dust, smoke contamination.To soil Require tight, cultivate with sand loam or clay loam and be advisable, also can grow in red, yellow soil.Not tight to climate requirements, energy The low temperature of resistance to-12 DEG C, but suitably plant moistening, leeward, on the sunny side local, especially with deep, fertile, humus content is high Well-grown in soil.Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is quite sensitive to the mercury vapour reaction of severe toxicity, once by smoked, and leaf, stem, corolla, bennet and children flower bud Brown or black will be become, leaf can be fallen time serious, fall flower bud.Fructus Ligustri Lucidi can also absorb the fluohydric acid gas that toxicity is the biggest, sulfur dioxide and Chlorine etc..
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method planting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi on salt-soda soil, the method can carry High Fructus Ligustri Lucidi survival rate also promotes that Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows.
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 60-80cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, between ridge Away from 40-50cm, spacing in the rows 50-60cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
Preferably, the mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: sawdust 50-70 part, Testa oryzae 30-50 part, cattle and sheep Excrement 100-150 part, water 80-120 part, microorganism 15-30 part.
Preferably, described sawdust is the sawdust of pine and cypress tree.
Preferably, the microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
Preferably, in step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 600-800kg/ mu, adds 60%, its remaining part during plantation Divide and add in the 4-10 month.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 150-250kg/ mu.
Preferably, the specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Preferably, must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours Transplant.
Furfural dregs is biomass class material such as corn cob, corn stalk, rice husk, cotton seed hulls and agricultural byproducts processing leftover bits and pieces In the hydrolysis of poly-pentose composition produce furfural (furtural) the biomass class garbage that produces, rich in vitamin, lignin and A small amount of sulphuric acid, the comprehensive utilization of these organic substances, it has the effect of significantly improve the soil volume increase, culture fertility.Can be effective Improve soil physico-chemical property, reduce surface soil alkalinity, increase soil fertility, promote plant growing.
Sawdust, refer to carry out timber add man-hour because cutting and from trees the foam shape of fallen trees itself wooden Bits. China is forest resourceies underdeveloped country, and sawdust can be used for developing many in fact is of value to people's production and life The product lived, nowadays, a lot of people have also recognized that this point, and the utilization for sawdust has been developed.Fermented corruption Sawdust after rotten, comprehensive nutrition, the anxiety of unbiased nitrogen phosphorus deficiency potassium, and quality are loose, and dry and wet is moderate, is the soilless culture of a kind of simplicity Material, cultivates HUAMU with it, and the numerous leaf of branch of looking emerald green, and Hua Yan is aromatic;Make the Nutrition Soil of flower seedling raising with it, then there is rush flower seedling The marvellous function of healthy and vigorous growth.
Photosynthetic bacteria effect in plantation: 1, as opsonin and the bacterial manure of plant;2, the hydrogen in soil is separated, And with the Organic substance in the secretions, soil of plant heel, harmful gas (hydrogen sulfide etc.) and carbon dioxide, nitrogen etc. as substrate, Synthesis saccharide, amino acids, vitamins, nitrogen compound and physiologic agents, supply plant nutrient also promotes plant growing; 3, the metabolite of photosynthetic bacteria group is possible not only to directly be absorbed by plant, it is also possible to become the nutrient of other microbial reproductions, increases Add the probiotics in soil;4, help plant to carry out photosynthesis, absorb the element such as air and Nitrogen In Soils, phosphorus, potassium, thus subtract Few pesticide, the using and remaining of chemical fertilizer, improve agricultural byproducts quality, increase economic efficiency.
Salt-soda soil provided by the present invention plantation and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, one is by microorganism, sawdust fertilizer and bran Aldehyde slag matches the incompatible salinity improving soil and pH value, and the growth for Fructus Ligustri Lucidi provides fertilizer;Two is that the present invention need not add Entering soil moved in improve the original, fertilizer source is wide, with low cost, good in economic efficiency;Three is that Fructus Ligustri Lucidi survival rate is high, and grows rapidly.
Detailed description of the invention
With salinity as 2-5g/kg, pH value be 7.5-8.5 salt-soda soil for experiment soil, draw below embodiment, to this Invent further labor:
Embodiment 1
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 2
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 600kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 150kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 3
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 25 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 250kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Table one is the growing state of the pilot forest of embodiment 1-3:
Table two is soil salt content and the pH value situation of change of embodiment 1-3:
From the detection data of embodiment 1-3: in the case of preferred experiment condition, make to be obtained by the present invention The survival rate of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi and the speed of growth the best, salinity and pH value to soil all have extraordinary improvement to make simultaneously With.
By other embodiments, the factors such as fertilising situation, the situation planting pit-size are made a concrete analysis of below.
Embodiment 4
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product is added water and is sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make fertilizer;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described fertilizer is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, 100 parts of water.
In described step 5, the amount of application of fertilizer is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder is in the 4-10 month Add.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 5
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 375kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 6
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 1125kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 7
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: add microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 8
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 42cm*42cm*42cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 9
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu.
In described step 5, the amount of application of furfural dregs is 200kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 10
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 70cm, high 30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 45cm, spacing in the rows 55cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: the soil, the microbial manure that dig out in addition hole in blender are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Soil ball is transplanted together.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: 60 parts of sawdust, 40 parts of Testa oryzae, 130 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, water 100 Part, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Contrast with embodiment 1, embodiment 4 is added without microorganism in fertilizer;In embodiment 5, microbial manure makes Consumption halves;In embodiment 6, the usage amount of microbial manure increases by 50%;Without photosynthetic bacteria in microorganism in embodiment 7;Real The volume-diminished executing the plantation hole in example 8 gets over 30%;Embodiment 9 all adds during fertilizer plantation, the most additional;Embodiment 10 Middle Fructus Ligustri Lucidi growth course is not added with furfural dregs.
Embodiment 4-10 is detected and and embodiment 1 contrast, draw following data:
Table three is the growing state of pilot forest of embodiment 4-10 and 1:
Table four be embodiment 4-9 and 1 permeable membrane surround in the range of soil salt content and pH value situation of change:
By detection data it is recognised that whether fertilizer adds microorganism, microbial manure addition is very few, microorganism Kind, whether add fertilizer, whether add photosynthetic bacteria, whether add furfural dregs and plantation cheat the too small life that all can affect Fructus Ligustri Lucidi Long, the most whether adding photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution also can affect the survival rate of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi;It follows that the growth of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is had by photosynthetic bacteria There is large effect.
Meanwhile, the volume in fertilizer and plantation hole does not have considerable influence to the improvement of soil, but is whether to add furfural Slag, can have considerable influence to the improvement of soil.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a salt-soda soil plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that carry out as steps described below:
Step one: sawdust, Testa oryzae, straw and cattle and sheep excrement are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 60-80cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 40-50cm, spacing in the rows 50-60cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, furfural dregs, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi grows to 2 times of initial plant height, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi is dug out, by the native ball of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi root growth Transplant together.
2. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that described microbial manure is each The mass fraction of composition is: sawdust 50-70 part, Testa oryzae 30-50 part, cattle and sheep excrement 100-150 part, water 80-120 part, microorganism 15- 30 parts.
3. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that described sawdust is pine and cypress The sawdust of tree.
4. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that add in described step 2 Microorganism be nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
5. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that micro-in described step 5 The amount of application of bio-feritlizer is 600-800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder added in the 4-10 month.
6. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that bran in described step 5 The amount of application of aldehyde slag is 150-250kg/ mu.
7. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that in described step 4 The specification in plantation hole is 60cm*60cm*60cm.
8. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that move in described step 5 Must assure that when planting that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
9. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, it is characterised in that described salt-soda soil saliferous Amount is 2-5g/kg, and pH value is 7.5-8.5.
CN201610542616.0A 2016-07-11 2016-07-11 The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Fructus Ligustri Lucidi method Pending CN106171737A (en)

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Application publication date: 20161207