CN106171736A - A kind of implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area pergola on the city road - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area pergola on the city road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171736A
CN106171736A CN201610542516.8A CN201610542516A CN106171736A CN 106171736 A CN106171736 A CN 106171736A CN 201610542516 A CN201610542516 A CN 201610542516A CN 106171736 A CN106171736 A CN 106171736A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
salt
pergola
building
storm sewer
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CN201610542516.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610542516.8A priority Critical patent/CN106171736A/en
Publication of CN106171736A publication Critical patent/CN106171736A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F3/00Sewer pipe-line systems
    • E03F3/02Arrangement of sewer pipe-lines or pipe-line systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, irrigated by rainwater, during rainwater deficiency, it is also possible to supplemented by sanitary sewage, it is not necessary to use subsoil water;Use special microbial manure and Lumbricus to match, soil can be improved and improve plant survival rate.The urban afforestation scheme that the present invention proposes, meets country and proposes and advocate " sponge city " construction method, it is achieved that urban afforestation and the harmony of energy-saving and water-saving.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area pergola on the city road
Technical field
The present invention relates to the improving technology field in salt-soda soil, it particularly relates to a kind of road, city, salt-soda soil, arid area The implantation methods of road greening band.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil be saline land with alkali ground general name.Solonchak refers mainly to chloride or the higher salinization soil of sulfate, Soil is alkalescence, but pH value is the highest.Refer to alkali carbonate containing or weight phosphatic soil, pH value is higher, soil in Alkalescence.The content of organic matter in salt-soda soil is few, and soil fertility is low, and physicochemical character is poor, and the anions and canons harmful to crop is many, crop It is difficult to promote Seedling.The area in salt-soda soil, the whole world is 9.5438 hundred million hectares, and wherein China is 99,130,000 hectares.China's alkali ground and alkalization The formation of soil, major part is accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil, thus basicity is the highest, serious area, salt-soda soil Plant is little to existence.The salinization of soil in soil has been worldwide ecological problem, the soil in current global range Salinization and alkalization is obvious ascendant trend, the salinization of soil in soil have become as the important restriction of world agriculture sustainable development because of Element.For the improvement in salt-soda soil, conventional method has: 1, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, and the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching is poured into water in salt-soda soil exactly, makes soil salt molten Solve, by under ooze and be discharged in deep soil or drip washing is gone out saline and alkaline for the solubility in topsoil, infiltration gutter, side is got rid of; 2, level land, level land and can make to ooze under uniform moisture, improve rainfall and drench salt and irrigate the effect of the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, prevent soil plaque-like Salination;3, rake the soil level in good time, the table soil that can loosen of raking the soil level, blocks soil capillary water and carries salinity to earth's surface, play and prevent the accumulation of salt in the surface soil Effect;4, applying organic manure, rational use of chemical fertilizer, fertilizer forms humus through microbial decomposition, conversion, can improve soil Reason agent " is combatted alkalinity " and is effectively improved soil.
In recent years, country proposes and advocates " sponge city " construction method, and plan is by natural way and artificial measures's phase In conjunction with means, guarantee municipal drainage prevention waterlogging safety on the premise of, realize to greatest extent the rainwater accumulation in urban area, Infiltration and purification, promote utilization and the city ecological environment protection of urban rainwater resources, simultaneously under link urban waterlogging, subsoil water Degradation endangers.Urban afforestation, as the important component part in city, plays raising Urban Natural ecological quality and quality of life, increasing Add the important function such as the aesthetic effect of City landscape, purifying air pollution, city guard against disaster.
Utilize urban rainwater resources for Appropriate application, reduce urban afforestation cost, it is necessary to study saline and alkaline in arid area The implantation methods of ground pergola on the city road.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide the plantation side of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road Method, the method not only can utilize salt-soda soil, arid area to plant trees, and without subsoil water, also have city domestic sewage Certain purification.
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that enter as steps described below OK:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
Preferably, the main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 30-50 Part, Testa oryzae 15-25 part, distiller grains 30-50 part, carbamide 100-150 part, water 100-120 part, microorganism 25-35 part.
Elm belongs to deciduous tree, its fertilizer with fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer with the use of, inorganic fertilizer can carry targetedly The main components such as the N P and K of Seedling height, and the trace element contained by fertilizer is also necessary to arboreal growth, elm is giving birth to The long initial stage should lay particular emphasis on many nitrogen fertilizer applications, and in the fertilizer of the present invention, the content of carbamide substantially exceeds potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer.
Preferably, described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
Preferably, the preparation method of described microbial manure is, changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide is passed through Pulverizer adds water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after pulverizing, and makes microbial manure.
After fermented, the flora growth speed of streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete can be accelerated, promote Microflora, make Being used in the salt-soda soil of arid, can generate the acidic materials such as lactic acid, Lumbricus survival ability in the environment is higher, therefore flora can The soil for growth environment of plant is preferably improved to match with Lumbricus, the Multiple Classes of Antibiotics simultaneously generated, enzyme and vitamin, can To reduce the ill probability of plant, promote the survival rate of plant.
Preferably, in described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 3-5kg/ strain.
Preferably, in described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 4-6 bar/cave.
Preferably, described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, described building-block It is mainly composed of Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Using building-block regenerant granule to cover on soil moved in improve the original in the present invention, Main Function has: 1, can play heat insulation Warming effect;2, ultraviolet can be completely cut off, prevent ultraviolet from Lumbricus being damaged;3, upper strata is bulky grain, and lower floor is little Granule, the water absorbing properties of lower floor more preferably, can preferably keep moisture, reduce water loss, and the effect of moisture is more longlasting, promotes Efficiency of water application.
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area provided by the present invention pergola on the city road, advantage is as follows:
One is to be irrigated by rainwater, it is not necessary to use subsoil water, owing to arid area rainwater may be not enough to full by part-time Foot irrigates requirement, it is also possible to supplemented by sanitary sewage;
Two is that sewage conduct is higher than the design of storm sewer by using storm sewer and sewage conduct jointly to bury underground, During hydropenia, being opened by the valve of sewage conduct, owing to being filled with building-block regenerant granule in unicom pipeline, therefore sewage can be through Be passed through storm sewer after crossing building-block regenerant granule simple filtration, in storm sewer to water source supplement, described Building-block regenerant granule need to irregularly change.
Three is to use building-block regenerant to be paved into fine sand layer to filter sewage, can carry out building castoff the most sharp With and cost-effective;
Four is to use special microbial manure and Lumbricus to match, and can improve soil and improve plant survival rate.
Detailed description of the invention
With local annual precipitation as 300-500mm, salinity is 0.2-0.5g/kg, and pH value is that the salt-soda soil of 7.5-8.5 is Experiment soil, plants Chinese scholar tree, does not sprays insecticide, draw below embodiment, divide the present invention the most in detail in experimentation Analysis:
Embodiment 1
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 40 parts, 20 parts of Testa oryzae, 35 parts of distiller grains, 120 parts of carbamide, 100 parts of water, microorganism 20 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 4kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 5/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Embodiment 2
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 30 parts, 25 parts of Testa oryzae, 40 parts of distiller grains, 150 parts of carbamide, 110 parts of water, microorganism 25 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 5kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 3/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Embodiment 3
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 30 parts, 25 parts of Testa oryzae, 30 parts of distiller grains, 100 parts of carbamide, 105 parts of water, microorganism 15 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 3kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 6/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Table one is the growing state of the Chinese scholar tree of embodiment 1-3:
Survival rate % then Tree height growth rate % then
Embodiment 1 100 135%
Embodiment 2 100 125%
Embodiment 3 100 127%
From the detection data of embodiment 1-3: in the case of preferred experiment condition, use the method plantation of the present invention The survival rate of Chinese scholar tree and the speed of growth the best.
By other embodiments, the factors such as fertilising situation are made a concrete analysis of below.
Embodiment 4
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and fermentation fertilizer, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then sow After on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata be particle diameter be 3- The bulky grain of 8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add fermentation fertilizer.
The main component of described fermentation fertilizer and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 40 parts, 20 parts of Testa oryzae, wine Grain 35 parts, 120 parts of carbamide, 100 parts of water.
The preparation method of described fermentation fertilizer is, changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide is pulverized by pulverizer Rear addition water, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days, make fermentation fertilizer.
In described step F, the amount of application of fermentation fertilizer is 4kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 5/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Embodiment 5
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 40 parts, 20 parts of Testa oryzae, 35 parts of distiller grains, 120 parts of carbamide, 100 parts of water, microorganism 20 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 2kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 5/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Embodiment 6
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, then broadcast After Zhong on soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata is that particle diameter is The bulky grain of 3-8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 40 parts, 20 parts of Testa oryzae, 35 parts of distiller grains, 120 parts of carbamide, 100 parts of water, microorganism 20 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 4kg/ strain.
In described step F, the injected volume of Lumbricus is 5/cave.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Embodiment 8
The implantation methods of salt-soda soil, a kind of arid area pergola on the city road, is carried out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set dirt Waterpipe 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct is setting valve near storm sewer one side lower part, described Storm sewer is setting valve near sewage conduct side;
B, in the middle of storm sewer and sewage conduct, the area filling particle diameter that sewage conduct is higher than storm sewer is 1-3mm Building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is 3-8mm building-block Regenerant granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Add microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, the most after planting exist On soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata be particle diameter be 3-8mm Bulky grain;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that in seedling 10cm in greenbelt There is a water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
The main component of described microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 40 parts, 20 parts of Testa oryzae, 35 parts of distiller grains, 120 parts of carbamide, 100 parts of water, microorganism 20 parts.
Described microorganism is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
The preparation method of described microbial manure is, by changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide by pulverizer powder Add water and microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days after broken, make microbial manure.
In described step F, the amount of application of microbial manure is 4kg/ strain.
Described building-block regenerant is the regenerant after building-block is discarded, the main component of described building-block For Gypsum Fibrosum powder, haydite, vermiculite power.
Contrasting with embodiment 1, the fertilizer in embodiment 4 is added without microorganism;In embodiment 5, microbial manure makes Consumption halves;Without streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete in microorganism in embodiment 6;Embodiment 7 is added without wine in fertilizer Grain;Embodiment 8 is not thrown in Lumbricus.
Table two is the growing state of Chinese scholar tree of embodiment 4-8 and 1:
Survival rate % then Tree height growth rate % then
Embodiment 1 100 135
Embodiment 4 75 55
Embodiment 5 100 110
Embodiment 6 80 75
Embodiment 7 100 115
Embodiment 8 100 105
As shown in Table 2: the kind whether adding microorganism and addition microorganism can affect the survival rate of Chinese scholar tree;Whether add Enter microorganism and add the kind of microorganism, the usage amount of fertilizer, whether add distiller grains, whether throw in the Lumbricus life all to Chinese scholar tree Long speed has a certain impact.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that carry out as steps described below:
A, bury storm sewer underground in urban road both sides, bury sewage conduct underground at the other 30-50cm of storm sewer;Set soil pipe Road 70-100cm higher than storm sewer, described sewage conduct and storm sewer set a unicom pipeline, pipeline both sides every 100 meters If valve;
The internal particle diameter of filling of B, unicom pipeline is 1-3mm building-block regenerant granular layer;
C, using the mode of deep ploughing, carry out the original soil in greenbelt turning over, smooth, the degree of depth turned over is at 20-30cm;
D, manually ditch, ditch depth 30-40cm, furrow width 40-50cm, ditch spacing 180-220cm;
E, digging cave in ditch, the deep 25-30cm in cave, the particle diameter covering one layer of 10cm in the bottom in cave is that 3-8mm building-block reclaims Composition granule;
F, plant in cave into seedling, spacing in the rows 3-3.5m;Addition Lumbricus and microbial manure, backfilling new soil, grave mound, the most after planting On soil moved in improve the original cover two-layer building-block regenerant granule, lower floor be particle diameter be the little granule of 1-3mm, upper strata be particle diameter be 3- The bulky grain of 8mm;
G, greenbelt bury dropper underground: arrange wall scroll dropper band, dripper spacing 3-3.5m, it is ensured that have in seedling 10cm in greenbelt Water dropper;The water source of described dropper is storm sewer;
H, periodically add microbial manure.
2. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described The main component of microbial manure and the mass fraction of each composition be: changing food waste 30-50 part, Testa oryzae 15-25 part, distiller grains 30-50 part, carbamide 100-150 part, water 100-120 part, microorganism 25-35 part.
3. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 2 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described Microorganism be nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, streptococcus thermophilus, thermophilic actinomycete.
4. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described The preparation method of microbial manure be, add after changing food waste, Testa oryzae, distiller grains and carbamide are pulverized by pulverizer water and Microorganism, sealing and fermenting 18-20 days, make microbial manure.
5. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described Step F in the amount of application of microbial manure be 3-5kg/ strain.
6. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described Step F in the injected volume of Lumbricus be 4-6 bar/cave.
7. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described Building-block regenerant be building-block discarded after regenerant, described building-block be mainly composed of Gypsum Fibrosum powder, pottery Grain, vermiculite power.
8. the implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area as claimed in claim 1 pergola on the city road, it is characterised in that described Salt-soda soil salinity be 0.2-0.5g/kg, pH value is 7.5-8.5, and local annual precipitation is 300-500mm.
CN201610542516.8A 2016-07-11 2016-07-11 A kind of implantation methods of salt-soda soil, arid area pergola on the city road Pending CN106171736A (en)

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