CN106171404A - The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Chinese rose method - Google Patents

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Chinese rose method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171404A
CN106171404A CN201610542433.9A CN201610542433A CN106171404A CN 106171404 A CN106171404 A CN 106171404A CN 201610542433 A CN201610542433 A CN 201610542433A CN 106171404 A CN106171404 A CN 106171404A
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China
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chinese rose
soil
plantation
salt
parts
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王胜
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610542433.9A priority Critical patent/CN106171404A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • C05D1/02Manufacture from potassium chloride or sulfate or double or mixed salts thereof

Abstract

The invention provides the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, matched the incompatible pH value improving soil by microbial manure and calcium superphosphate, and the growth for Chinese rose provides fertilizer, make whole during need not add soil moved in improve the original, fertilizer source is wide, with low cost, good in economic efficiency, Chinese rose survival rate is high, and growth is rapidly.

Description

The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Chinese rose method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the improving technology field in salt-soda soil, it particularly relates to the plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Chinese rose Method.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil be saline land with alkali ground general name.Solonchak refers mainly to chloride or the higher salinization soil of sulfate, Soil is alkalescence, but pH value is the highest.Refer to alkali carbonate containing or weight phosphatic soil, pH value is higher, soil in Alkalescence.The content of organic matter in salt-soda soil is few, and soil fertility is low, and physicochemical character is poor, and the anions and canons harmful to crop is many, crop It is difficult to promote Seedling.The area in salt-soda soil, the whole world is 9.5438 hundred million hectares, and wherein China is 99,130,000 hectares.China's alkali ground and alkalization The formation of soil, major part is accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil, thus basicity is the highest, serious area, salt-soda soil Plant is little to existence.The salinization of soil in soil has been worldwide ecological problem, the soil in current global range Salinization and alkalization is obvious ascendant trend, the salinization of soil in soil have become as the important restriction of world agriculture sustainable development because of Element.For the improvement in salt-soda soil, conventional method has: 1, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, and the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching is poured into water in salt-soda soil exactly, makes soil salt molten Solve, by under ooze and be discharged in deep soil or drip washing is gone out saline and alkaline for the solubility in topsoil, infiltration gutter, side is got rid of; 2, level land, level land and can make to ooze under uniform moisture, improve rainfall and drench salt and irrigate the effect of the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, prevent soil plaque-like Salination;3, rake the soil level in good time, the table soil that can loosen of raking the soil level, blocks soil capillary water and carries salinity to earth's surface, play and prevent the accumulation of salt in the surface soil Effect;4, applying organic manure, rational use of chemical fertilizer, fertilizer forms humus through microbial decomposition, conversion, can improve soil Reason agent " is combatted alkalinity " and is effectively improved soil.
At present, use be administered alone ardealite to improve salt-soda soil method be ardealite is applied in salt-soda soil after, immediately Carrying out leaching process, the method can improve the Soil structure in salt-soda soil to a certain extent, but the longest, it is generally required to two Triennium could Planting Crops, and use on slight alkaline land ardealite process after, the germination percentage of plant is the most relatively low And later stage growing way is bad.Someone utilizes ardealite to be prepared by mixing into modifying agent with flyash, humic acid and high nitrogen fertilizer material etc., takes The effect obtained is better than ardealite is administered alone, but high expensive, and effect is not the best enough.Such as Application No. The application for a patent for invention of 201210522182.X discloses the soil conditioner with ardealite as raw material production and manufacture thereof and makes By method, this modifying agent has ardealite, humic acid, ferrous sulfate, carbamide and sulphuric acid to be mixed, and it has to a certain degree Upper improvement Soil structure, regulation soil pH, activation soil nutrient elements and supplementary Trace Elements in Soil calcium, sulfur, ferrum and zinc Etc. characteristic.But this modifying agent cost is of a relatively high, relatively low to the regulation power of soil salt, acid-base value.
Chinese rose is that China's tradition famous flower, cultivation history are long, and Hua Rong is beautiful, is deeply liked by people.In varieties in saline-alkali areas, green In the case of change seeds are the most single, Chinese rose is long with its florescence, various in style, the advantage that adaptability is stronger, becomes afforestation In one of essential seeds interspersed, beautify the environment.
Though weather, soil are required strict by Flos Rosae Chinensis, but with loose, fertile, good rich in organic matter, subacidity, draining Good loam is the most suitable.Property happiness warm, sunshine is sufficient, air circulation environment.Most of kind optimum temperatures are daytime 15-26 DEG C, be 10-15 DEG C in the evening.Winter temperature i.e. enters dormancy less than 5 DEG C.Some kinds are resistant to the low temperature and resistance to 35 of-15 DEG C DEG C high temperature;Summer temp continue more than 30 DEG C time, i.e. enter semidormancy, plant strain growth is bad, though also can pregnant flower bud, but flower valvula Few, color is dim and matt, loses ornamental value.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method planting Chinese rose on salt-soda soil, the method can carry High Chinese rose survival rate also promotes that Chinese rose grows.
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, ridge Spacing 110-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-120cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole Grain;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
Preferably, the mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 30-50 part, potassium sulfate 15-25 Part, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15-20 part, farm manure 100-150 part, water 100-120 part, microorganism 25-35 part.
Chinese rose belongs to shrub, and its fertilizer, based on fertilizer, suitably uses inorganic fertilizer, and Chinese rose should lay particular emphasis at early growth period Many organic fertilizers, be conducive to its fast-growth, in inorganic fertilizer should many potassium applications (potassium sulfate) and phosphate fertilizer (calcium superphosphate), suitably subtract The addition of few nitrogenous fertilizer.
Preferably, the microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 600-800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, Remainder added in the 4-10 month.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 250-350kg/ mu.
Preferably, the specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Preferably, must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours Transplant.
Salt-soda soil provided by the present invention plantation and the method transplanting Chinese rose, one is by microbial manure and calcium superphosphate Match the incompatible pH value improving soil, and the growth for Chinese rose provides fertilizer;Two is that the present invention need not add soil moved in improve the original, and fertilizer comes Source is wide, with low cost, good in economic efficiency;Three is that Chinese rose survival rate is high, and growth is rapidly.
Detailed description of the invention
With salinity as 2-5g/kg, pH value be 7.5-8.5 salt-soda soil for experiment soil, draw below embodiment, to this Invent further labor:
Embodiment 1
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 2
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 130cm, high 20cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 80cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 25cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
Preferably, the mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 50 parts, potassium sulfate 25 parts, rotten red Potato 15 parts, farm manure 150 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 35 parts.
Preferably, the microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, remaining Part added in the 4-10 month.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 350kg/ mu.
Preferably, the specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Preferably, must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours Transplant.
Embodiment 3
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 9 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 130cm, high 20cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 80cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 35cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
Preferably, the mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 50 parts, potassium sulfate 25 parts, rotten red Potato 15 parts, farm manure 120 parts, 110 parts of water, microorganism 25 parts.
Preferably, the microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, remaining Part added in the 4-10 month.
Preferably, in described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 250kg/ mu.
Preferably, the specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Preferably, must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours Transplant.Table one is the growing state of the pilot forest of embodiment 1-3:
Table two is the soil salt content in the range of the permeable membrane encirclement of embodiment 1-3 and pH value situation of change:
From the detection data of embodiment 1-3: in the case of preferred experiment condition, make to be obtained by the present invention The survival rate of Chinese rose and the speed of growth the best, salinity and pH value to soil all have extraordinary improvement to make simultaneously With.
By other embodiments, the factors such as fertilising situation, the situation planting pit-size are made a concrete analysis of below.
Embodiment 4
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product is added water and is sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make fertilizer;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, fertilizer are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds fertilizer in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water.
In described step 5, the amount of application of fertilizer is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder is in the 4-10 month Add.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 5
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 375kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 6
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 1125kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 7
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 8
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 50cm*50cm*50cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 9
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Embodiment 10
The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and the method transplanting Chinese rose, carried out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: add microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, by the native ball one of Chinese rose root growth Rise and transplant.
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, Farm manure 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts.
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder exists The 4-10 month adds.
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu.
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
Contrast with embodiment 1, embodiment 4 is added without microorganism in fertilizer;In embodiment 5, microbial manure makes Consumption halves;In embodiment 6, the usage amount of microbial manure increases by 50%;Without high temperature monospore in microorganism in embodiment 7 Bacterium;The volume-diminished in the plantation hole in embodiment 8 gets over 30%;Embodiment 9 all adds during fertilizer plantation, the most additional;Real Execute and example 10 is no longer sprayed in Chinese rose growth course photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution.
Embodiment 4-10 is detected and and embodiment 1 contrast, draw following data:
Table three is the growing state of pilot forest of embodiment 4-10 and 1:
Table four be embodiment 4-9 and 1 permeable membrane surround in the range of soil salt content and pH value situation of change:
By detection data it is recognised that whether fertilizer adds microorganism, microbial manure addition is very few, microorganism Kind, whether add fertilizer, whether add photosynthetic bacteria and plantation cheat the too small growth that all can affect Chinese rose, wherein in fertilizer Whether add thermomonospora fusca and also can affect the survival rate of Chinese rose;It follows that the growth of Chinese rose is had relatively by thermomonospora fusca Big impact.
Meanwhile, the volume in fertilizer and plantation hole does not have considerable influence to the improvement of soil.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a salt-soda soil plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that carry out as steps described below:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8-10 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 130-150cm, high 20-30cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 110-120cm, spacing in the rows 80-120cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 25-35cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, the native ball of Chinese rose root growth is moved together Plant.
2. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that described microbial manure is each The mass fraction of composition is: discarded fruit 30-50 part, potassium sulfate 15-25 part, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15-20 part, farm manure 100-150 part, Water 100-120 part, microorganism 25-35 part.
3. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that add in described step 2 Microorganism be nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca.
4. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that micro-in described step 5 The amount of application of bio-feritlizer is 600-800kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder added in the 4-10 month.
5. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that mistake in described step 5 The amount of application of calcium phosphate is 250-350kg/ mu.
6. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that in described step 4 The specification in plantation hole is 70cm*70cm*70cm.
7. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that move in described step 5 Must assure that when planting that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
8. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that described salt-soda soil saliferous Amount is 2-5g/kg, and pH value is 7.5-8.5.
9. salt-soda soil as claimed in claim 1 plantation and the method for transplanting Chinese rose, it is characterised in that enter as steps described below OK:
Step one: discarded fruit, potassium sulfate, straw and farm manure are pulverized by pulverizer;
Step 2: ground product, microorganism are added water and be sufficiently stirred for, sealing and fermenting 8 days, make microbial manure;
Step 3: whole good seedbed, by furrow band furrow width 140cm, high 25cm bedding, uses single file ridge planting, distance between the ridges 120cm, Spacing in the rows 110cm;
Step 4: open plantation hole in the middle of ridge, covers the building-block regenerant granule of one layer of 30cm by the bottom in hole;
Step 5: add the soil that digs out in hole in blender, calcium superphosphate, microbial manure are sufficiently mixed uniformly;
Step 6: soil in blender is filled out Hui Keng, irrigation of watering in time;
Step 7: photosynthetic bacteria aqueous solution is monthly sprayed at the leaf surface of Chinese rose, and adds microbial manure in the 4-10 month;
Step 7: after treating that the plant height of Chinese rose rises 80-100%, Chinese rose is dug out, the native ball of Chinese rose root growth is moved together Plant;
The mass fraction of each composition of described microbial manure is: discarded fruit 45 parts, potassium sulfate 20 parts, rotten Radix Ipomoeae 15 parts, farmers' Fertilizer 130 parts, 100 parts of water, microorganism 30 parts;
The microorganism added in described step 2 is nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and thermomonospora fusca;
In described step 5, the amount of application of microbial manure is 750kg/ mu, adds 60% during plantation, and remainder is at 4-10 The moon adds;
In described step 5, the amount of application of calcium superphosphate is 300kg/ mu;
The specification in the plantation hole in described step 4 is 70cm*70cm*70cm;
Must assure that when described step 5 is transplanted that soil ball is intact, keep moisture simultaneously, complete in 24 hours to transplant.
CN201610542433.9A 2016-07-11 2016-07-11 The plantation of a kind of salt-soda soil and transplanting Chinese rose method Pending CN106171404A (en)

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