CN106169708A - A kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring - Google Patents

A kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106169708A
CN106169708A CN201610553274.2A CN201610553274A CN106169708A CN 106169708 A CN106169708 A CN 106169708A CN 201610553274 A CN201610553274 A CN 201610553274A CN 106169708 A CN106169708 A CN 106169708A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
switch
module
cabinet
data
voltage
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610553274.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106169708B (en
Inventor
朱明洋
张德强
吴海龙
孙秀娟
Original Assignee
山东金人电气有限公司
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Priority to CN201610553274.2A priority Critical patent/CN106169708B/en
Publication of CN106169708A publication Critical patent/CN106169708A/en
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Publication of CN106169708B publication Critical patent/CN106169708B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B7/00Enclosed substations, e.g. compact substations
    • H02B7/06Distribution substations, e.g. for urban network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/16Earthing arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/24Circuit arrangements for boards or switchyards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/28Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/303Bases or feet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/32Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/46Boxes; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02HEMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS
    • H02H7/00Emergency protective circuit arrangements specially adapted for specific types of electric machines or apparatus or for sectionalised protection of cable or line systems, and effecting automatic switching in the event of an undesired change from normal working conditions
    • H02H7/22Emergency protective circuit arrangements specially adapted for specific types of electric machines or apparatus or for sectionalised protection of cable or line systems, and effecting automatic switching in the event of an undesired change from normal working conditions for distribution gear, e.g. bus-bar systems; for switching devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/0006Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network for single frequency AC networks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Management or operation of end-user stationary applications or the last stages of power distribution; Controlling, monitoring or operating thereof
    • Y04S20/14Protecting elements, switches, relays or circuit breakers

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring, including: casing;Casing includes: base plate, body of wall and top cover, and box house is provided with altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber and industrial computer;In box-type substation, altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber are equipped with door and window, are provided with exhaust fan on window, it is achieved that gravity-flow ventilation and force ventilation combine, but also are easy to maintenance and repair.Body of wall and the dividing plate of transformation room surrounding are respectively equipped with inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate, are provided with cavity between inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate, and it is cotton that cavity inside is provided with fire-proof sound insulation;Outer layer plate surface scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating.Heat loss through radiation High tailored coating can radiate away the effect of object heat insulating water-proof, heat loss through radiation High tailored coating can be walked be painted the heat on object to airspace autoemission, reduce box-type substation surface and internal temperature, but also serve the effect of sound insulation.

Description

A kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring

Technical field

The present invention relates to transformer station field, particularly relate to a kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring.

Background technology

Along with fast development and the quickening of Urbanization in China of economic construction, all kinds of Business Buildings, public supporting building, Residential building group and large scale industry garden the most constantly emerge in large numbers;Box-type substation as supporting electric power facility, Apply widely in various places.

Box-type substation is a kind of high-tension switch gear, distribution transformer and low-voltage distribution equipment, by certain connection plan Row's all-in-one-piece prefabrication close-coupled controller switching equipment indoor, outdoor, will high powered, transformer pressure-reducing, low-voltage distribution etc. Function is organically combined, and is arranged in a steel-structure box body.

In prior art, multiple equipment integrated distribution in box-type substation, space is less, under especially in summer, sunlight irradiates Temperature within transformer station is the highest, and conventional box-type substation heat abstractor mostly is cooling fan, holding by cooling fan Reforwarding row, outwards pumps transformer station's hot inside air, consumes energy higher.Further, since box-type substation need to be maintained at the wettest Generally being difficult to ensure by box sealing, radiating effect and humidity in the range of degree, security performance is low simultaneously, thus service life is not Long.

In prior art, the low-voltage distribution room function singleness of box-type substation, low-pressure section output voltage is difficult to provide many Plant voltage mode.And in the operation of box-type substation, user lacks the understanding to whole box-type substation operation information, only The operation information of box-type substation can be obtained from single angle, lack the entirety that box-type substation is run control, such case There is major hidden danger in the operation of formula transformer station.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to, it is provided that a kind of have long-range monitoring Comprehensive electric power system, including: the transformer station in each electrical network power supply area is set and is connected with each transformer substation communication respectively, Obtain the server of each substation data information;

Described transformer station includes: casing;Casing includes: base plate, body of wall and top cover, box house be provided with altitude chamber, transformer room, Low-pressure chamber and respectively with altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber electric elements inside communication connection, be used for obtaining altitude chamber, change Depressor room, the industrial computer of low-pressure chamber electric elements inside service data information;

Described transformer room is provided with the high pressure close neighbour face with altitude chamber close neighbour, and the low pressure close neighbour face of low-pressure chamber close neighbour, with outside The exterior wall of close neighbour and for passing in and out the open-type net door of transformer room;

High pressure close neighbour face between described transformer room and altitude chamber is provided with high pressure enclosed baffle, described transformer room and low-pressure chamber Between low pressure close neighbour face be provided with low pressure enclosed baffle;It is provided with fixed net near open-type net door side in described transformer room Door;

Described high pressure close neighbour face is provided with multiple high-voltage terminal flange being embedded on high pressure close neighbour face, and described low pressure close neighbour face is provided with Multiple it is embedded on low pressure close neighbour face, for the low-pressure line-outgoing flange making low-voltage circuit pass;

Being provided with transformator in described transformer room, high pressure close neighbour face is provided with and is connected with high pressure close neighbour face by high-voltage terminal flange Magnetic post through walls, magnetic post through walls runs through transformer room and altitude chamber;

Offering altitude chamber window and altitude chamber door on the body of wall of described altitude chamber, altitude chamber window is provided with exhaust fan;Described transformation Offering transformation room window and transformation room door on the body of wall of room, transformation room window is provided with exhaust fan;Open on the body of wall of described low-pressure chamber Being provided with low-pressure chamber window and low-pressure chamber door, low-pressure chamber window is provided with exhaust fan;

The body of wall and the dividing plate that are centered around transformation room surrounding are respectively equipped with inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate, at inner layer steel plate and outer layer Being provided with cavity between steel plate, it is cotton that cavity inside is provided with fire-proof sound insulation;Outer layer plate surface scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating;Internal layer Steel plate is near the setting of transformation indoor, and outer layer plate is arranged on the outside of transformation room;Described inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate pass through spiral shell Tether and connect;The surface of described top cover scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating;

Include in low-pressure chamber: high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control are prevented Quick-fried control chamber;

High voltage mid-placed cabinet front is provided with cabinet door, and the back side is provided with backboard, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet both sides are provided with left plate and right plate;Left side Plate is provided with at least one internal projection to high voltage mid-placed cabinet inner tensile, and right plate is provided with at least one outside high voltage mid-placed cabinet The outer lug of stretching;

Described internal projection is provided with endoporus, and described outer lug is provided with exit orifice;Described internal projection is suitable with outer lug, endoporus with Exit orifice is suitable, and described outer lug extends to inside internal projection, and the exit orifice of described outer lug and the endoporus of internal projection pass through bolt Connect, make the side plate between high voltage mid-placed cabinet with high voltage mid-placed cabinet be connected;Described internal projection uses interference fit with outer lug;

Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet is internal is provided with bus-bar room near top, and the bottom of bus-bar room is provided with breaker chamber, breaker chamber Bottom is provided with cable vault;Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet medial part is provided with control room;

CAN radio communication device, breaker control module, alarm it is provided with inside described control room;Breaker control module is used In by CAN radio communication device, the circuit breaker switch state in breaker chamber being sent to industrial computer, and receive industrial computer Control instruction, controls chopper break-make;

Being provided with base bottom high voltage mid-placed cabinet, base connects grounding body, and the ground connection threadeded with grounding body screws cap, with The earth lead that grounding body connects, the earth clip being connected with earth lead;

Described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet top is provided with top cover, and distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet portion is provided with base;Top cover Being provided with mast-up, described mast-up is provided with cabinet linkage section, bound edge section, bending segment and the lifting linkage section being sequentially connected with;

Described cabinet linkage section removably connects with distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet top outer, and bound edge section is wrapped in top cover Outward flange, bending segment makes lifting linkage section be in level setting;Described lifting linkage section is provided with at least two lifting even Connect hole;The connecting portion that described cabinet linkage section and high voltage mid-placed cabinet top outer removably connect is provided with reinforcement angle steel;

The cross section of described floor installation fixed mount is L-shaped, and described floor installation fixed mount includes the long end face of fixed mount and fixes Frame short end face;

The long end face of described fixed mount is provided with at least two fixed mount base connecting hole, and base is provided with and is connected with fixed mount base The base connecting hole that hole is suitable, fixed mount base connecting hole is bolted with base connecting hole, makes described floor installation Fixed mount removably connects with base;

Described cabinet linkage section, cabinet top outer and strengthen between angle steel with bolts;

Connect on the lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section and have hoisting ring;

Described fixed mount short end face is provided with the fixed mount lifting suitable with the lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section and is connected Hole;

The lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section is bolted with fixed mount lifting connecting hole, makes mast-up pacify with base Dress fixed mount connects;

Electric panel room and lower electric panel room it is provided with inside described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet;

The described plenum roof that powers on is provided with multiple bus bar;Described upper electric panel room is additionally provided with cup and upper rear chamber;Upper cup sets Surge Protector, GPRS communication module, monitoring and metering is had to control terminal, temperature control module and ammeter;

Described upper rear chamber is provided with multiple distributor breaker and is arranged on the current transformer of distributor breaker leading-out terminal;

Described lower electric panel room is provided with lower cup and lower rear chamber, and lower cup is provided with transversely arranged multiple display lamps, reactive-load compensation control Device processed, universal seclector, multiple transversely arranged electric capacity, exchange changeable transformator with respectively with exchange changeable transformator be connected Voltmeter, ammeter, voltage change-over switch;Described lower rear chamber is provided with electric leakage action breaker;

Exchange changeable transformator to include: multistage transformer, buckling switching device and load;

The primary side of multistage transformer is provided with the first link, the second link, the 3rd link;

Described first link and the 3rd link are separately positioned on the two ends of transformer coil, and the second link is arranged on described first even Between road and the 3rd link, and the second link is slided between the first link and the 3rd link;

Described first link is connected with live wire by switch K1, is connected with zero line by switch K2;Switch K1 is arranged with switch K2 There is delay control circuit one;

Described delay control circuit one is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K1 and switch K2, when by switch K1 Guan Bi switching During to switch K2 Guan Bi, switch K1 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K2 Guan Bi;

Or when being switched to switch K1 Guan Bi by switch K2 Guan Bi, switch K2 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K1 closes Close;

Described second link is connected with live wire by switch K3, is connected with zero line by switch K4;Switch K3 is arranged with switch K4 There is delay control circuit two;

Described delay control circuit two is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K3 and switch K4, when by switch K3 Guan Bi switching During to switch K4 Guan Bi, switch K3 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K4 Guan Bi;

Or when being switched to switch K3 Guan Bi by switch K4 Guan Bi, switch K4 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K3 closes Close;

Described 3rd link is connected with live wire by switch K5, is connected with zero line by switch K6;Switch K5 is arranged with switch K6 There is delay control circuit three;

Described delay control circuit three is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K5 and switch K6, when by switch K5 Guan Bi switching During to switch K6 Guan Bi, switch K5 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K6 Guan Bi;

Or when being switched to switch K5 Guan Bi by switch K6 Guan Bi, switch K6 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K5 closes Close;

The secondary side of multistage transformer is connected with load;

It is connected between described first link and the second link and has anti-short link one, described second link to be connected between the 3rd link Having anti-short link two, being connected between described first link and the 3rd link has anti-short link three;

Described anti-short link one is provided with delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1, delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1 and is connected in series;

Described anti-short link two is provided with delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2, delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2 and is connected in series;

Described anti-short link one is provided with delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3, delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3 and is connected in series;

Delay control circuit one includes: the photoisolator U1 that input is connected with industrial computer, photoisolator U1 first exports End be connected with resistance Rk1 the first end, photoisolator U1 the second outfan respectively with resistance Rk4 the first end, resistance Rk2 the first end Connecting, resistance Rk1 the second end, resistance Rk2 the second end, resistance Rk3 the first end are connected with power end VDD respectively, resistance Rk4 second End is connected with audion Qk1 base stage, resistance Rk3 the second end, audion Qk1 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk5 the first end, resistance Rk6 first End is simultaneously connected with, and resistance Rk3 plays metering function, and resistance Rk2, resistance Rk4 play shunting action;Resistance Rk1 plays current limliting and makees With;Audion Qk1 emitter stage, resistance Rk5 the second end, audion Qk2 emitter stage, resistance Rk7 the second end, resistance Rk8 the first end Ground connection;Resistance Rk6 second terminates audion Qk2 base stage, and audion Qk2 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk7 the first end are the most defeated with phase locking unit Entering end one connection, resistance Rk8 the second end connects phase locking unit input two by display lamp LEDk1;

Phase locking unit outfan one is connected with audion Qk3 base stage by resistance Rk9, audion Qk3 colelctor electrode, diode VD1 Negative pole, the positive pole of diode VD2 are simultaneously connected with, audion Qk4 colelctor electrode, audion Qk3 emitter stage, the positive pole of diode VD1, Resistance Rk11 the first end, diode VD3 negative pole, diode VD4 positive pole are simultaneously connected with, resistance Rk11 the second end and photoisolator The input two of U2 connects, and the negative pole of diode VD2 is connected with photoisolator U2 input one by resistance Rk13, photoelectricity every Relay J 1, the control coil of relay J 1 connecting valve K1 is connected from device U2 outfan;

Phase locking unit outfan two is connected with audion Qk4 base stage by resistance Rk10, and audion Qk4 emitter stage, diode VD3 are just Pole, resistance Rk12 the first end ground connection simultaneously, diode VD4 negative pole is by resistance Rk14 with photoisolator U3 input one even Connecing, resistance Rk12 the second end is connected with the input two of photoisolator U3, and photoisolator U3 outfan connects relay J 2, The control coil of relay J 2 connecting valve K2;

Described industrial computer includes: in service data acquisition module, low-pressure chamber, data acquisition module, overload judge module, overload are held Row module, bus pressure control module, stability analysis module;

Described service data acquisition module, for obtaining the real-time running data of altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber, is monitored in real time Low-pressure chamber load state;

In described low-pressure chamber, data acquisition module monitors high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote control input and output voltage data of explosion-proof control box, input and output current data, active power, Reactive power, voltage magnitude, frequency and load state;

Described overload judge module is for monitoring high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time according to acquisition Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote load state controlling explosion-proof control box, by the circuit overload rate preset, overload time delay, it is judged that low Whether overload is there is in pressure chamber;

High voltage mid-placed cabinet in low-pressure chamber, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control are explosion-proof The corresponding different overload time delay of the circuit overload rate of control chamber, the overload time delay of Overflow RateHT correspondence has the relation of inverse time lag, when certain One alternating current circuit or a few exchanges are exceeded appointment scope by electric line overload and exceed corresponding time delay, and overload judges mould Block is for the overload the most serious line start premature beats of load;

, select the circuit that overload load is the most serious, started during existence overload if described overload performs module in low-pressure chamber Load off-loading controls, and performs overload cutting load operation;

Described bus pressure control module is for when monitor low-pressure chamber inner high voltage middle-placed switch cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low Pressure power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the busbar voltage of remote control explosion-proof control box are less than voltage stabilization predetermined value, start Voltage Instability control System, performs the operation of low-voltage cutting load;

Described stability analysis module is used for power supply plan, repair schedule and bus load prediction data according to network system, Presetting in the phase to altitude chamber, transformer room, the future of low-pressure chamber, operation stability is simulated analyzing, the operation that output is relevant Trendgram, and potential fault is sent early warning information;

Server includes: data collection module, data processing module, network topology structure module, server data memory module, When transformer station sets, module, distribution network monitoring module, early warning monitoring module, form monitoring module, IP address monitoring module, monitoring are put down Platform;

Data collection module is mutual with each substation information for the communication protocol according to standard, obtains the fortune of each transformer station Row data message, completes the collection of all kinds of initial datas needed;

Data processing module carries out examination for the various data about each transformer station collection obtained, arranges and process, The various data of transformer station are analyzed, add up and store, by all kinds of primary data information (pdi)s collected and corresponding threshold value pair Than analyzing, form the warning information of substation operation data;

Network topology structure module for showing the topological structure of power distribution network for user, and is provided the user entirely by topological structure The performance of electrical network and status information, and showed by color, help user to find the potential faults that power distribution network is potential in time Point, provides the user the analysis of data, diagnosis and O&M;

Server data memory module, for using open storage platform to carry out the data storage of system, preserves historical failure number According to and performance data, to generate the report of corresponding trend analysis, and data retention cycle can be by user setup;

When transformer station sets module for the in real time monitoring altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, the setting of low-pressure chamber electric elements inside Standby information, and time-count cycle time of each transformer station unified, the unified time that equipment is set;

Distribution network monitoring module is for by power distribution network topological structure, the altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, low-pressure chamber equipment Monitoring, it is achieved Complicated Distribution Network monitoring and unattended duty monitoring;

Early warning monitoring module is used for the Various types of data information collected from power distribution network and each transformer station according to default lattice Formula is uniformly processed, formed consolidation form standardization early warning, and carry out early warning filtration, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning Statistics, and early warning information is stored, provide data support for early warning statistical analysis;

Form monitoring module is used for by circuit, form, graphic form, the Various types of data information collected is carried out organic combination, The ruuning situation showing each transformer station directly perceived;

IP address monitoring module is for arranging the IP address of each transformer station, and carries out determining to each transformer station according to IP address Position;

Monitor supervision platform is used for providing distribution network monitoring information exchange platform, by the various data compilations collected, forms standard Or authority data statistical information, early warning is presented, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics record, the process means to different faults Store, formed troubleshooting sequence, by standard or specification data statistics, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics Information, troubleshooting sequence is shared to monitor supervision platform, it is achieved the collection of experience, arrangement, shares.

Preferably, low-voltage distribution cabinet includes: inlet wire importation, sub-control part and output part;

Described inlet wire importation level is provided with two mounting rails, and two mounting rails are provided with three-phase incoming relay-protection switch;

Described sub-control part of horizontal is provided with two mounting rails, and described two mounting rails are provided with multiple breaker of plastic casing;

Between described inlet wire importation with described sub-control part, level is provided with three and is connected row;Article three, connect between row and be provided with absolutely Edge umbrella, connects row and is installed in low-voltage distribution cashier's office in a shop by insulated umbrella;

The input of described three-phase incoming relay-protection switch is connected with the electric power incoming line of low-voltage distribution cabinet;Described three-phase incoming relay-protection is opened Every correspondence of electricity mutually of the outfan closed is connected row and connects with three;The three-phase input end of described breaker of plastic casing is the most corresponding with three Bar connects row and connects;

Described output part is the most vertically provided with three mounting rails, and uppermost two mounting rails are provided with soft start Device, converter;The power input of soft initiator and the outfan of a breaker of plastic casing, the power input of converter is with another The outfan electrical connection of one breaker of plastic casing;After the mounting rail of foot is provided with ground wire row and is connected by insulator Zero line is arranged;

Low-voltage distribution cabinet top is provided with fan, is provided with fan control unit, converter temperature sensor, soft inside low-voltage distribution cabinet Trigger temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ethernet communication module and microcontroller;

Converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ethernet communication module respectively with microcontroller Device connects;

Microcontroller obtains data message by converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, and It is uploaded to industrial computer by ethernet communication module;

Fan control unit is connected with fan, and for controlling the rotating speed of fan, fan control unit includes: include resistance Rl, electricity Hold Cl, fan electromotor M, optocoupler U2, time base chip Ul and diode D1;Described resistance Rl one end connects electric capacity Cl, fan respectively Motor M and 220V power supply first, the resistance Rl other end connects the electric capacity Cl other end and rectifier bridge Q pin 1, rectifier bridge Q respectively Pin 3 connects 220V alternating current the second end, microcontroller and mono-outfan of optocoupler U2 respectively, and another outfan of optocoupler U2 divides Not Lian Jie microcontroller and fan electromotor M, rectifier bridge Q pin 4 connect respectively optocoupler U2 first input end, time base chip Ul pin 1, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, electric capacity C4 and diode D3 positive pole, base core Ul pin 5 when the electric capacity C2 other end connects, described optocoupler Ul Base chip Ul pin 3 when second input is connected by resistance R3, base chip when described rectifier bridge Q pin 2 connects respectively Ul pin 4, time base chip Ul pin 8, resistance R4, the electric capacity C4 other end and diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R4 other end is respectively Connecting resistance R3, potentiometer RPl one end and diode Dl negative pole, diode Dl positive pole connects diode D2 positive pole and electricity respectively Position device RPl slide plate, diode D2 negative pole connect respectively the potentiometer RPl other end, the electric capacity C3 other end, time base chip Ul pin With time base chip Ul pin 6;

Described microcontroller is used for receiving described converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor sense The data message answered, when the temperature value of described converter temperature sensor or soft initiator temperature sensor senses is beyond presetting Threshold value time, microcontroller by fan control unit control fan strengthen rotating speed;When the smog of Smoke Sensor sensing exceeds During the threshold value preset, microcontroller controls fan by fan control unit and strengthens rotating speed;

The both sides of low-voltage distribution cabinet are provided with vertical fixed strip respectively along vertical direction, if vertical fixed strip is provided with each strip Hole, mounting rail two ends are provided with the fixing circular hole suitable with strip hole;Mounting rail passes fixing circular hole and strip hole by bolt It is fixed on inside low-voltage distribution cabinet;

Low-voltage distribution cabinet both sides are provided with low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate and low-voltage distribution cabinet right plate;Low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate is provided with At least one is to the internal projection one of low-voltage distribution cabinet inner tensile, and right plate is provided with at least one to the outside stretching of low-voltage distribution cabinet Outer lug one;

Described internal projection one is provided with endoporus one, and described outer lug one is provided with exit orifice one;Described internal projection one and outer lug one Suitable, endoporus one is suitable with exit orifice one, and it is internal that described outer lug one extends to internal projection one, the exit orifice of described outer lug one It is bolted with the endoporus of internal projection one, makes the side plate between low-voltage distribution cabinet with low-voltage distribution cabinet be connected;Described convex Play one and use interference fit with outer lug one;

Described soft initiator includes: housing, static contact, moving contact assembly, and static contact, moving contact assembly are arranged in housing, quiet Contact is oppositely arranged with moving contact assembly, and described moving contact assembly includes coil, iron core, moving contact and back-moving spring, iron core Sheathed in coil, moving contact is oppositely arranged with iron core;

Described back-moving spring one end holds bottom moving contact, and the other end holds on the shell of coil;Iron core is E shaped iron core, Middle projection is sheathed in coil;Moving contact includes contact, contact shell, contact block, and contact is arranged on contact shell, contact block It is arranged in contact shell, and and contact, back-moving spring is set in contact block;Described contact block is one and iron core adaptation E type contact block, back-moving spring is set in the projection in the middle of contact block.

Preferably, the input terminal of primary cut-out and outlet terminal are respectively equipped with primary cut-out temperature sensor, high Voltage breaker temperature sensor is for detecting the temperature of the main stationary contact of described primary cut-out, and temperature signal is transferred to work Control machine;

When temperature sensor detects the temperature of the main stationary contact of described primary cut-out beyond the threshold value preset, industrial computer controls Alarm carries out sound and light alarm;

Described primary cut-out temperature sensor is that the contact post matching form of the main stationary contact with described primary cut-out closes Annulus temperature sensor, in the contact post of the main stationary contact that described temperature sensor is placed on correspondence;It is provided with inside described bus-bar room Bus townhouse.

Preferably, described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, far control explosion-proof control box Inside is respectively equipped with protection device;

Described protection device includes: over voltage alarm circuit, overvoltage crowbar, current foldback circuit, regulator rectifier circuit;

The input correspondence of described over voltage alarm circuit is connected with electric power incoming line, the outfan of described over voltage alarm circuit and overvoltage The input of protection circuit connects, and the outfan of described overvoltage crowbar is connected with the input of current foldback circuit, crosses stream The outfan of protection circuit is connected with the input of regulator rectifier circuit;

Described over voltage alarm circuit includes: resistance (R1), resistance (R2), alarm lamp (L);

First end of resistance (R1) and the first end of resistance (R2) are connected with distributing box electric power incoming line respectively, alarm lamp (L) the first end, the second end of resistance (R1), the second end of resistance (R2) are simultaneously connected with, the second termination of alarm lamp (L) Ground;

Described overvoltage crowbar includes: solid discharging tube one, solid discharging tube two, solid discharging tube three;

The two ends of solid discharging tube two are connected with power line respectively, and solid discharging tube one and solid discharging tube three are connected, and solid is put The junction point ground connection of fulgurite one and solid discharging tube three;

Described current foldback circuit includes: electric fuse one and electric fuse two;Electric fuse one and electric fuse two are separately positioned on power supply On line;

Described regulator rectifier circuit includes: step-down transformer, rectifier bridge, capacitive filter and three terminal regulator, and described blood pressure lowering becomes The voltage input end both sides of depressor connect power line respectively, the voltage output end of described step-down transformer respectively with two friendships of rectifier bridge Stream input connects, and the positive DC outfan of described rectifier bridge is connected with capacitive filter positive pole, the negative pole of described rectifier bridge DC output end is connected with capacitive filter negative pole, the input of described three terminal regulator and sampling end respectively with capacitive filter Positive pole and negative pole connect, and the outfan of described three terminal regulator is connected with by electric loading;Electric fuse one uses resettable fuse; Electric fuse two uses resettable fuse;

Lightning-protection module it is provided with inside high voltage mid-placed cabinet;

Lightning-protection module includes: electric fuse Ffl, lightning protection diode VDfl, varistor YMR, gas-discharge tube QTF;Data process The power supply of device is connected with data processor and varistor YMR the first end respectively by electric fuse Ffl;Data processor Earth terminal one is by lightning protection diode VDfl respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the second end, ground connection and varistor YMR the second end even Connect;The earth terminal two of data processor respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the first end and grounding connection.

Lightning-protection module parallel connection gas-discharge tube QTF, varistor YMR, lightning protection diode VDfl, present high impedance, and one Denier circuit thunderbolt cause transient overvoltage, lightning-protection module can surge protection, play lightning protection effect;

Described magnetic post through walls includes that union body and retaining collar, described retaining collar are fixed on the middle part outer wall of union body, institute Stating union body two ends and be equipped with binding post and insulated ring, described insulated ring is embedded in the inwall of union body, and binding post is fixed on Outside insulated ring, described binding post is provided with wiring hole.

Preferably, described remote control explosion-proof control box includes: anti-explosion box body, main power supply module;Anti-explosion box body by chamber door, It is arranged on the side plate of anti-explosion box body both sides, is separately positioned on the top board of anti-explosion box body upper and lower sides, base plate and relative with chamber door sets The backboard put forms tetragonal body structure,

Chamber door is hinged with side plate;Being respectively equipped with hangers at the corner of backboard, be provided with installing plate inside anti-explosion box body, installing plate is fixed On backboard, main power supply module is arranged on a mounting board;

Even on the top board of anti-explosion box body have interface on multiple away from interval, on each, in interface, be installed with explosion-proof flexible pipe, Base plate is even has multiple lower interface away from interval, is coated with down explosion-proof flexible pipe in each of the lower in interface;

The edge of chamber door is even away from being interval with several chamber door screws, and side plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with side plate flanging, top Plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with top board flanging, and base plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with base plate flanging, side plate flanging, top board flanging, the end The flanging screw suitable with chamber door screw it is respectively equipped with on plate flanging;Chamber door screw and spinning bolt in flanging screw, make case Door is pressed together on side plate, top board, base plate respectively;Chamber door is provided with lamp hole, and lamp hole is built with explosion-proof lamp;

Described main power supply module includes: conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, stand-by power supply input terminal, Stand-by power supply outlet terminal, conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator, hands is opened from conversion Closing, manual switching controls switch, wireless communication module and single-chip microcomputer;

Conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal is conventional Power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator, hands controls switch, nothing from permutator, manual switching Line communication module electrically connects with single-chip microcomputer respectively, and single-chip microcomputer is used for obtaining conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, Stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal, conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply Display lamp, hands controls the operation information of switch from permutator, manual switching, and described operation information is passed through radio communication mold Block sends to industrial computer and receives the control information that industrial computer sends, and controls main power supply inside modules element and runs;

Described hands is used for making user switch manual switch pattern or auto transformation mode from permutator;

Described manual switching controls switch for when selecting manual switch pattern, switching power supply mode manually;

The square opening for observing main power supply module is offered on chamber door, the implosion guard door that square opening is provided with, explosion-proof glass The circumferential side frame of glass door by the even glass door bolt away from interval by implosion guard door and chamber door compact siro spinning technology, under implosion guard door Side chamber door on be provided with side by side respectively with conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator phase The display lamp of electrical connection, the chamber door below display lamp is provided with the hands being connected from permutator with hands and certainly changes control handle And control, with manual switching, the manual switching knob that switch is connected;

Installing plate is provided with at least four installing hole;Backboard is provided with the screw rod suitable with described installing hole, and screw rod is provided with A pair nut suitable with screw rod, installing hole passes screw rod, and a nut is arranged on the back side of installing plate, and another nut sets Put the front at installing plate, make two nuts be clamped on screw rod by installing plate;

Described main power supply module includes: four switch connecting holes;Four switch connecting holes are arranged on the four of main power supply module Angle, described main power supply module, is connected through four switch connecting holes with installing plate by four bolts correspondence respectively.

Preferably, chamber door is provided with articulated elements with the articulated section of side plate;Described articulated elements includes: the first hinge, first fix Hole, the first pin-and-hole, the second hinge, the second fixing hole, the second pin-and-hole and removable pin device, described first hinge is respectively arranged at two ends with First fixing hole and the first pin-and-hole, described first hinge is connected with anti-explosion box body by bolt and the first fixing hole;Described second Closing chastity and be respectively arranged at two ends with the second fixing hole and the second pin-and-hole, described second hinge is by bolt and the second fixing hole and explosion-proof tank Body connects, and described first pin-and-hole and the second pin-and-hole are rotatably connected by removable pin device;

Described removable pin device includes that a couple half shank, annular groove and the spring being oppositely arranged, described half shank one end pass First pin-and-hole of described first hinge also extend into the second pin-and-hole of described second hinge, and the described half shank other end is provided with annular Groove, described spring one end connects described annular groove, and its other end connects outside described first pin-and-hole;Half shank described in a pair Junction is respectively equipped with inner concave conical and taper, and described inner concave conical and taper match.

Preferably, high voltage mid-placed cabinet also includes: the busbar that isolation switch is connected with described isolation switch, multiple infrared temperature Degree harvester, ventilation unit, Zigbee wireless transport module, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module, Humidity detecting module, voice cue module;

Multiple infrared temperature harvesters, ventilation unit, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module, humidity Detection module, voice cue module communicate to connect with industrial computer with by Zigbee wireless transport module respectively;

Each infrared temperature harvester is provided with infrared temperature sensor, voltage-frequency conversion circuit;Infrared temperature sensor infrared Transmitting terminal is arranged on the temperature of each single-phase of isolation switch described in aim detecting and described bus folding position;Infrared emission The infrared ray of end is perpendicular with joint;For the temperature value of detection is transmitted to industrial computer;

Described high-low pressure modular converter is low for using electromagnetic induction principle directly to obtain from the contact of isolation switch or busbar Voltage is that the electricity consumption low voltage component in switch cubicle is powered;

Described ventilation unit is connected with industrial computer by Zigbee wireless transport module, and described industrial computer receives each infrared temperature The detection temperature value of harvester transmission, and detection temperature value is compared with the temperature value preset, when detection temperature value is more than pre- If temperature value time, industrial computer is led in high voltage mid-placed cabinet by Zigbee wireless transport module remote control ventilation device Wind;

Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is connected with industrial computer, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is for when detection When temperature value is more than the temperature value preset, the sound and light alarm that described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module sends;

Described humidity detecting module is connected with industrial computer, and humidity detecting module is used for detecting the humidity in high-tension switch cabinet, and will The humidity gathered exports to industrial computer;

High voltage mid-placed cabinet includes cabinet and cabinet door, and cabinet connects with cabinet door hinge;

Include in high voltage mid-placed cabinet: cabinet door is provided with the cabinet door induction module being connected with industrial computer, cabinet door induction module sensing cabinet The on off state of door, and the on off state of cabinet door is sent to industrial computer;Described voice cue module is for working as high voltage mid-placed cabinet Cabinet door when opening, play information of voice prompt;

Described industrial computer is additionally operable to send enabling information by Zigbee wireless transport module to server, and server confirms to open the door Information and for when closing cabinet door, sends to server and closes the door information, the time that server record opens the door, closes the door;

High-low pressure modular converter includes: be arranged on the current transformer on isolation switch or busbar, rectification circuit, filtering voltage regulation electricity Road, DC-DC module;It is connected by reactor between described rectification circuit and current transformer.

Preferably, described industrial computer includes: data reception module, data extraction module, data resolution module, data judge It is multiple that module, data processing module, transmission mode arrange module, data memory module, time module, data analysis module, data Test module, duration data information disassembles correction verification module;

Described transmission mode arranges module for arranging high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, opening Close switch board, remote control explosion-proof control box and the host-host protocol of industrial computer;

Described data reception module is used for receiving high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control Cabinet processed, the data message of remote control explosion-proof control box transmission, and the collection data sent are classified;

Described data extraction module is used for, according to the host-host protocol gathered corresponding to data, collection data parsing being become data Layer, According to the corresponding relation between preset data layer and data value, carry out data message extraction;

Described data resolution module for becoming the form of parallel data stream by data Layer serial data data stream separation, according to described The protocol type of data Layer, extracts the frame head in described data Layer and trailer information, by frame head and trailer information and described data The data link layer of layer carries out the data message synchronism output after protocol label translation resolution;Described data resolution module is used for root According to Internet for translation-protocol the network layer protocol of data Layer is resolved, according to the agreement of Internet, data are processed Rear output, simultaneously according to network layer protocol, the data message extracted in the Internet of data Layer exports;Described data parsing Module, for resolving the transport layer of data Layer, is transmitted the protocol analysis of layer according to transport layer protocol to data Layer, according to The agreement of transport layer exports after processing the data corresponding to the transport layer of data Layer;

Described data processing module is for carrying out examination, arrangement by various data, it is provided that each application function is analyzed, add up and Storage, is analyzed the primary data information (pdi) of collection with the threshold value preset, when the data message gathered is beyond threshold value, Send warning information.

As can be seen from the above technical solutions, the invention have the advantages that

In box-type substation, altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber are equipped with door and window, are provided with exhaust fan on window, it is achieved that from So ventilate and force ventilation combines, but also be easy to maintenance and repair.In the body of wall of transformation room surrounding and dividing plate are respectively equipped with Layer steel plate and outer layer plate, be provided with cavity between inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate, and it is cotton that cavity inside is provided with fire-proof sound insulation;Outer layer Surface of steel plate scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating.Heat loss through radiation High tailored coating can radiate away the work of object heat insulating water-proof With, heat loss through radiation High tailored coating can be walked be painted the heat on object to airspace autoemission, reduces box-type substation Surface and internal temperature, but also serve the effect of sound insulation.

And transformer room realizes gravity-flow ventilation by open-type net door and fixed net door, reach the mesh of transformator cooling , reach product degree of protection requirement by arranging high pressure enclosed baffle and low pressure enclosed baffle, normal to reach guarantee equipment The purpose run.

Having multiple supervising device in low-pressure chamber, the temperature value as detected when temperature sensor exceedes the temperature value of setting Time, ventilation unit is aerated inside the cabinet in low-pressure chamber such that it is able to reach the temperature in switch cubicle is adjusted to it In electrical equipment can properly functioning within the scope of, with avoid electrical equipment generation condensation, corona discharge, insulation breakdown or The accidents such as equipment oxidation.

Industrial computer can obtain altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber electric elements inside service data information.And will obtain Data message process, various data are carried out examination, arrangement, it is provided that each application function is analyzed, adds up and stores, The primary data information (pdi) of collection is analyzed with the threshold value preset, when the data message gathered is beyond threshold value, sends Warning information.Presetting in the phase to altitude chamber, transformer room, the future of low-pressure chamber, operation stability is simulated analyzing, and exports phase The operation trend figure closed, and potential fault is sent early warning information.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly that technical scheme, will the accompanying drawing used required in describing be made simple below Ground is introduced, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawing in describing below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for ordinary skill From the point of view of personnel, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the comprehensive electric power system overall structure figure with remotely monitoring;

Fig. 2 is substation structure figure;

Fig. 3 is transformer station's cut-away view;

Fig. 4 is the wall body structure figure of transformer station;

Fig. 5 is magnetic rod structure figure through walls;

Fig. 6 is high voltage mid-placed cabinet structure chart;

Fig. 7 is high voltage mid-placed cabinet lateral plate structure figure;

Fig. 8 is distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet structure chart;

Fig. 9 is lifting linkage section side view;

Figure 10 is the front view of lifting linkage section;

Figure 11 is lifting linkage segment structure figure;

Figure 12 is for strengthening steel angle structure figure;

Figure 13 is floor installation fixed rack structure figure;

Figure 14 is floor installation fixed rack structure figure;

Figure 15 is distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet cut-away view;

Figure 16 is the internal structure figure of distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet;

Figure 17 is delay control circuit one circuit diagram;

Figure 18 is delay control circuit one circuit diagram;

Figure 19 is for exchanging changeable transformer circuit figure;

Figure 20 is low-voltage distribution cabinet structure chart;

Figure 21 is low-voltage distribution cabinet side portion structure figure;

Figure 22 is fan control unit circuit diagram;

Figure 23 is soft initiator structure chart;

Figure 24 is soft initiator principle assumption diagram;

Figure 25 is over voltage alarm circuit figure;

Figure 26 is lightning-protection module circuit diagram;

Figure 27 is remote control explosion-proof control box main TV structure figure;

Figure 28 is remote control explosion-proof control box side portion structure figure;

Figure 29 is main power supply module diagram;

Figure 30 is articulated elements structure chart;

Figure 31 is articulated elements modular construction figure;

Figure 32 is high-low pressure modular converter schematic diagram;

Figure 33 is protection device schematic diagram.

Detailed description of the invention

For making the goal of the invention of the present invention, feature, the advantage can be the most obvious and understandable, concrete by using below Embodiment and accompanying drawing, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme of present invention protection, it is clear that enforcement disclosed below Example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, and not all embodiment.Based on the embodiment in this patent, the common skill in this area All other embodiments that art personnel are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the model of this patent protection Enclose.

The present embodiment provides a kind of comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring, as shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 33, including: arrange Transformer station 100 in each electrical network power supply area and communicating to connect with each transformer station 100 respectively, obtains each transformer station The server 101 of 100 data messages;

Transformer station 100 includes: casing 1;Casing 1 includes: base plate 7, body of wall 8 and top cover 2, and casing 1 is internal is separated into height by dividing plate Pressure chamber 11, low-pressure chamber 13 and transformation room 12 and logical with altitude chamber 11, low-pressure chamber 13 and transformation room 12 electric elements inside respectively Letter connects, for obtaining altitude chamber 11, low-pressure chamber 13 and the industrial computer of transformation room 12 electric elements inside service data information;;

Transformer room 12 is provided with the high pressure close neighbour face 11a with altitude chamber 11 close neighbour, with the low pressure close neighbour face of low-pressure chamber 13 close neighbour 13a, with the exterior wall 12a of outside close neighbour and for passing in and out the open-type net door 15a of transformer room 12;

High pressure close neighbour face between described transformer room 12 and altitude chamber 11 is provided with high pressure enclosed baffle 16a, described transformer room Low pressure close neighbour face between 12 and low-pressure chamber 13 is provided with low pressure enclosed baffle 17a;Near open-type net in described transformer room 12 Door 15a side is provided with fixed net door 18a;

Described high pressure close neighbour face is provided with multiple high-voltage terminal flange 19a being embedded on high pressure close neighbour face, described low pressure close neighbour face It is provided with multiple being embedded on low pressure close neighbour face, for the low-pressure line-outgoing flange 20a making low-voltage circuit pass;

Being provided with transformator 10a in described transformer room 12, high pressure close neighbour face is provided with and is overlayed with height by high-voltage terminal flange 19a The magnetic post 14 through walls that proximal surface connects, magnetic post 14 through walls runs through transformer room 12 and altitude chamber 11;

Wherein, open-type net door uses the steel mesh system being not more than 50mm*50mm more than or equal to diameter 5mm steel wire and steel mesh mesh Form.Fixed net door uses the steel mesh making being not more than 50mm*50mm more than or equal to diameter 5mm steel wire and steel mesh mesh Form.

Transformator realizes gravity-flow ventilation by open-type net door and fixed net door, reaches the purpose of transformator cooling, logical Cross and high pressure enclosed baffle is set and low pressure enclosed baffle reaches product degree of protection requirement, properly functioning to reach guarantee equipment Purpose.

Offering altitude chamber window 3 and altitude chamber door 4 on the body of wall of altitude chamber 11, altitude chamber window 3 is provided with exhaust fan 5;Become Offering transformation room window 6 and transformation room door on the body of wall of pressure chamber 12, transformation room window 6 is provided with exhaust fan 5;The body of wall of low-pressure chamber 13 On offer low-pressure chamber window and low-pressure chamber door, low-pressure chamber window is provided with exhaust fan;

Altitude chamber 11 and transformation room 12 close neighbour, transformation room 12 and low-pressure chamber 13 close neighbour, altitude chamber 11 sets in 90 ° of angles with low-pressure chamber 13 Put;Being provided with transformator in transformer room 12, altitude chamber 11 is provided with magnetic post 14 through walls with the close neighbour face of transformation room 12;

Magnetic post 14 through walls includes that union body 21c and retaining collar 22c, retaining collar 22c ring set are fixed on the middle part of union body 21c On outer wall, union body 21c two ends are equipped with binding post 24c and insulated ring 23c, and insulated ring 23c is embedded in union body 21c inwall, Binding post 24c is fixed on outside insulated ring 23c, binding post 24c is equipped with two wiring hole 25c, it is simple to high-tension electricity The connection of line, pipe box body 21c uses ceramic material to make, and electric insulating effect is good and anticorrosion, and service life is long, insulated ring 23c Employing silica gel material is made, waterproof and dampproof, stops the generation of electric arc, and safety coefficient is high.

The body of wall and the dividing plate that are centered around transformation room 12 surrounding are respectively equipped with inner layer steel plate 15b and outer layer plate 16b, including Being provided with cavity between layer steel plate 15b and outer layer plate 16b, cavity inside is provided with fire-proof sound insulation cotton 17b;Outer layer plate 16b surface Scribble heat loss through radiation High tailored coating 19b;Inner layer steel plate 15b is arranged near transformation indoor 12, and outer layer plate 16b is arranged on transformation room The outside of 12b.

Outer layer plate 16b surface with the addition of heat loss through radiation High tailored coating 19b, heat loss through radiation High tailored coating 19b and can radiate Walking the effect of object heat insulating water-proof, heat loss through radiation High tailored coating 19b can be empty to air with 8-13.5 μm infrared wavelength Between autoemission walk to be painted the heat on object, reduce box-type substation surface and internal temperature, radiating and cooling is obvious, it is to avoid The too fast intensification of box-type substation.Inner layer steel plate 15b and outer layer plate 16b is connected by bolt 18b;The surface of top cover 2 scribbles spoke Penetrate radiating and cooling coating.

Include in low-pressure chamber 13: high voltage mid-placed cabinet 1-1, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, on-off control Cabinet, far control explosion-proof control box.

Described industrial computer includes: data reception module, data extraction module, data resolution module, data judge module, number According to processing module, transmission mode arrange module, data memory module, time module, data analysis module, data review module, Duration data information disassembles correction verification module;

Described transmission mode arranges module for arranging high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, opening Close switch board, remote control explosion-proof control box and the host-host protocol of industrial computer;

Described data reception module is used for receiving high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control Cabinet processed, the data message of remote control explosion-proof control box transmission, and the collection data sent are classified;

Described data extraction module is used for, according to the host-host protocol gathered corresponding to data, collection data parsing being become data Layer, According to the corresponding relation between preset data layer and data value, carry out data message extraction;

Described data resolution module for becoming the form of parallel data stream by data Layer serial data data stream separation, according to described The protocol type of data Layer, extracts the frame head in described data Layer and trailer information, by frame head and trailer information and described data The data link layer of layer carries out the data message synchronism output after protocol label translation resolution;Described data resolution module is used for root According to Internet for translation-protocol the network layer protocol of data Layer is resolved, according to the agreement of Internet, data are processed Rear output, simultaneously according to network layer protocol, the data message extracted in the Internet of data Layer exports;Described data parsing Module, for resolving the transport layer of data Layer, is transmitted the protocol analysis of layer according to transport layer protocol to data Layer, according to The agreement of transport layer exports after processing the data corresponding to the transport layer of data Layer;

Described data processing module is for carrying out examination, arrangement by various data, it is provided that each application function is analyzed, add up and Storage, is analyzed the primary data information (pdi) of collection with the threshold value preset, when the data message gathered is beyond threshold value, Send warning information.

Described industrial computer also includes: data acquisition module in service data acquisition module, low-pressure chamber, overload judge module, Overload performs module, bus pressure control module, stability analysis module;

Described service data acquisition module, for obtaining the real-time running data of altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber, is monitored in real time Low-pressure chamber load state;

In described low-pressure chamber, data acquisition module monitors high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote control input and output voltage data of explosion-proof control box, input and output current data, active power, Reactive power, voltage magnitude, frequency and load state;

Described overload judge module is for monitoring high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time according to acquisition Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote load state controlling explosion-proof control box, by the circuit overload rate preset, overload time delay, it is judged that low Whether overload is there is in pressure chamber;

High voltage mid-placed cabinet in low-pressure chamber, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control are explosion-proof The corresponding different overload time delay of the circuit overload rate of control chamber, the overload time delay of Overflow RateHT correspondence has the relation of inverse time lag, when certain One alternating current circuit or a few exchanges are exceeded appointment scope by electric line overload and exceed corresponding time delay, and overload judges mould Block is for the overload the most serious line start premature beats of load;

, select the circuit that overload load is the most serious, started during existence overload if described overload performs module in low-pressure chamber Load off-loading controls, and performs overload cutting load operation;

Described bus pressure control module is for when monitor low-pressure chamber inner high voltage middle-placed switch cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low Pressure power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the busbar voltage of remote control explosion-proof control box are less than voltage stabilization predetermined value, start Voltage Instability control System, performs the operation of low-voltage cutting load;

Described stability analysis module is used for power supply plan, repair schedule and bus load prediction data according to network system, Presetting in the phase to altitude chamber, transformer room, the future of low-pressure chamber, operation stability is simulated analyzing, the operation that output is relevant Trendgram, and potential fault is sent early warning information.

Server includes: data collection module, data processing module, network topology structure module, server data store Module when module, transformer station set, distribution network monitoring module, early warning monitoring module, form monitoring module, IP address monitoring module, Monitor supervision platform;

Data collection module is mutual with each substation information for the communication protocol according to standard, obtains the fortune of each transformer station Row data message, completes the collection of all kinds of initial datas needed;

Data processing module carries out examination for the various data about each transformer station collection obtained, arranges and process, The various data of transformer station are analyzed, add up and store, by all kinds of primary data information (pdi)s collected and corresponding threshold value pair Than analyzing, form the warning information of substation operation data;

Network topology structure module for showing the topological structure of power distribution network for user, and is provided the user entirely by topological structure The performance of electrical network and status information, and showed by color, help user to find the potential faults that power distribution network is potential in time Point, provides the user the analysis of data, diagnosis and O&M;

Server data memory module, for using open storage platform to carry out the data storage of system, preserves historical failure number According to and performance data, to generate the report of corresponding trend analysis, and data retention cycle can be by user setup;

When transformer station sets module for the in real time monitoring altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, the setting of low-pressure chamber electric elements inside Standby information, and time-count cycle time of each transformer station unified, the unified time that equipment is set;

Distribution network monitoring module is for by power distribution network topological structure, the altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, low-pressure chamber equipment Monitoring, it is achieved Complicated Distribution Network monitoring and unattended duty monitoring;

Early warning monitoring module is used for the Various types of data information collected from power distribution network and each transformer station according to default lattice Formula is uniformly processed, formed consolidation form standardization early warning, and carry out early warning filtration, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning Statistics, and early warning information is stored, provide data support for early warning statistical analysis;

Form monitoring module is used for by circuit, form, graphic form, the Various types of data information collected is carried out organic combination, The ruuning situation showing each transformer station directly perceived;

IP address monitoring module is for arranging the IP address of each transformer station, and carries out determining to each transformer station according to IP address Position;

Monitor supervision platform is used for providing distribution network monitoring information exchange platform, by the various data compilations collected, forms standard Or authority data statistical information, early warning is presented, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics record, the process means to different faults Store, formed troubleshooting sequence, by standard or specification data statistics, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics Information, troubleshooting sequence is shared to monitor supervision platform, it is achieved the collection of experience, arrangement, shares.

High voltage mid-placed cabinet 1-1 front is provided with cabinet door, and the back side is provided with backboard, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet both sides are provided with left plate and right side Plate;Left plate 1-2 is provided with at least one internal projection 1-21 to cabinet inner tensile, and right plate 1-3 is provided with at least one to cabinet Outer lug 1-22 of external body stretching;Internal projection 1-21 is provided with endoporus, and outer lug 1-22 is provided with exit orifice;

Internal projection 1-21 is suitable with outer lug 1-22, and endoporus is suitable with exit orifice, and outer lug 1-22 extends in internal projection 21 Portion, the exit orifice of outer lug is bolted with the endoporus of internal projection, makes the side plate between high voltage mid-placed cabinet and high voltage mid-placed cabinet Connect;Being riveted by connecting bolt 1-23 or pulling rivet, making two cabinets connect, the high voltage mid-placed cabinet left and right sides is flat Face, non-bolt protrudes.Decrease manufacturing procedure, improve the fast changeable of product, and simple in construction, appearance looks elegant. This connected mode can not only reduce processing technique, improves product quality, simultaneously need to also can be fast during a replacing wherein cabinet body Speed is changed, and saves human and material resources, shortens power off time.

Endoporus is at internal projection 1-21 center punching press circular hole.Exit orifice is at outer lug 1-22 center punching press circle Hole.Internal projection 1-21 is consistent with the height of projection of outer lug 1-22, or internal projection 1-21 is higher than outer lug 1-22.Internal projection 1- 21 can use interference fit with outer lug 1-22.

In the present embodiment, high voltage mid-placed cabinet 1-1 is internal is provided with bus-bar room 1-5 near top, and the bottom of bus-bar room 1-5 is provided with Breaker chamber 1-6, the bottom of breaker chamber 1-6 is provided with cable vault 1-7;High voltage mid-placed cabinet medial part is provided with control room 1-8;Described CAN radio communication device 1-9, breaker control module 1-10, alarm 1-11 it is provided with inside control room;Breaker control module 1-10 is for being sent to industrial computer by CAN radio communication device 1-9 by the circuit breaker switch state in breaker chamber, and receives The control instruction of industrial computer, controls chopper break-make;

Being provided with base 1-4 bottom high voltage mid-placed cabinet 1-1, on base 1-4, connection has grounding body 1-31, with grounding body 1-31 screw thread even The ground connection connect screws cap 1-32, the earth lead 1-33 being connected with grounding body 1-31, the earth clip 1-34 being connected with earth lead 1-33. Screw cap 1-32 by ground connection to match with grounding body 1-31, facilitate high voltage mid-placed cabinet installing earth lead, but also can lead to Cross earth clip 1-34 external ground, easy and simple to handle, time saving and energy saving, improve work efficiency.

Described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet top is provided with top cover 2-2, and distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet portion is provided with the end Seat 2-3;Top cover 2-2 is provided with mast-up 2-4, described mast-up 2-4 and is provided with cabinet linkage section 2-11, the bound edge section being sequentially connected with 2-12, bending segment 2-13 and lifting linkage section 2-14;

Mast-up 2-44 is arranged on the top of distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, and linkage section 2-11 is comprehensive with distribution transformer for cabinet Power distribution cabinet top outer removably connects, and bound edge section 2-12 is wrapped in the outward flange of top cover 2-2, and bending segment 2-13 makes lifting connect Section 2-14 is in level and arranges;Lifting linkage section 2-14 is provided with at least two lifting connecting hole 2-141;Cabinet linkage section The connecting portion that 2-11 and cabinet top outer removably connect is provided with reinforcement angle steel 2-5;

The cross section of floor installation fixed mount 2-7 is L-shaped, and floor installation fixed mount 2-7 includes that fixed mount long end face 2-71 is with solid Determine frame short end face 2-72;

Fixed mount long end face 2-71 is provided with at least two fixed mount base connecting hole 2-17, and base 2-3 is provided with and fixed mount Base connecting hole suitable for base connecting hole 2-17, fixed mount base connecting hole 2-17 is with base connecting hole by bolt even Connect, make floor installation fixed mount 2-7 removably connect with base 2-3.

Cabinet linkage section 2-11, top outer and strengthen between angle steel 2-5 with bolts;Lifting linkage section 2-14 Lifting connecting hole 2-141 on connection have hoisting ring 2-8.

Fixed mount short end face 2-72 is provided with and lifts the fixed mount lifting suitable for lifting connecting hole 2-141 of linkage section Connecting hole;

The lifting connecting hole 2-141 of lifting linkage section is bolted with fixed mount lifting connecting hole, makes mast-up 2-4 and the end Seat mounting and fixing support 2-7 connects.

So, when box type transformation stands in installation distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, according to traffic requirements, distribution transformer is combined Close power distribution cabinet and be provided with mast-up 2-4, serve and can stack when delivery transport entrucking, additionally it is possible to case hoisting ring 2-8 realizes A kind of structure multifunctional.Simultaneously when lifting JP cabinet, multiple distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet can be lifted.

Electric panel room and lower electric panel room it is provided with inside distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet;The plenum roof that powers on is provided with multiple mother Line row 2-21;Upper electric panel room is additionally provided with cup and upper rear chamber;Upper cup is provided with Surge Protector 2-29, GPRS communication module 2-31, monitoring and metering control terminal 2-32, temperature control module 2-33 and ammeter 2-22;Upper rear chamber be provided with multiple chopper 2-34 with And it is arranged on the current transformer 2-35 of breaker outgoing line end.

Described lower electric panel room is provided with lower cup and lower rear chamber, and lower cup is provided with transversely arranged multiple display lamp 2-37, nothing Merit compensating controller 2-25, universal seclector 2-24, multiple transversely arranged electric capacity 2-27, exchange changeable transformator 2-26 with Respectively with exchange changeable transformator be connected voltmeter 2-23, ammeter 2-28, voltage change-over switch 2-27;Described lower rear chamber sets There is electric leakage action breaker 2-36;Universal seclector can be used for exchanging 50Hz, voltage 500V and the circuit of DC voltage 440V In, make electric control circuit conversion and be used direct control with voltage 380V5 .5KW and following threephase asynchronous With.Chopper can within the extremely short time rapid disengagement failure power supply, protection the person and the safety of electrical equipment.

Industrial computer communicates to connect with reactive compensation module, temperature control module 2-33 and Surge Protector 2-29 respectively, it is achieved that To function integrations such as electric terminal energy monitor, electric energy measuring management, quality of power supply improvement, energy consumption is little, temperature rise is low, volume Little, reliability is high, installation and repairing is convenient.

Exchange changeable transformator 2-26 to include: multistage transformer, buckling switching device and load;The one of multistage transformer Secondary side is provided with the first link 1L, the second link 2L, the 3rd link 3L;

Described first link 1L and the 3rd link 3L are separately positioned on the two ends of transformer coil TB, and the second link 2L is arranged on institute State between the first link 1L and the 3rd link 3L, and the second link 2L is slided between the first link 1L and the 3rd link 3L;

Described first link 1L is connected with live wire L by switch K1, is connected with zero line N by switch K2;Switch K1 and switch K2 It is provided with delay control circuit one 1Y;Described delay control circuit one 1Y is used for making switch K1 close with switch one of them switch of K2 Closing, when being switched to switch K2 Guan Bi by switch K1 Guan Bi, switch K1 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K2 Guan Bi;Or When being switched to switch K1 Guan Bi by switch K2 Guan Bi, switch K2 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K1 Guan Bi;

Described second link 2L is connected with live wire by switch K3, is connected with zero line by switch K4;Switch K3 sets with switch K4 It is equipped with delay control circuit two 2Y;Described delay control circuit two 2Y is used for making switch K3 close with switch one of them switch of K4 Closing, when being switched to switch K4 Guan Bi by switch K3 Guan Bi, switch K3 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K4 Guan Bi;Or When being switched to switch K3 Guan Bi by switch K4 Guan Bi, switch K4 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K3 Guan Bi;

Described 3rd link 3L is connected with live wire by switch K5, is connected with zero line by switch K6;Switch K5 sets with switch K6 It is equipped with delay control circuit three 3Y;Described delay control circuit three 3Y is used for making switch K5 close with switch one of them switch of K6 Closing, when being switched to switch K6 Guan Bi by switch K5 Guan Bi, switch K5 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K6 Guan Bi;Or When being switched to switch K5 Guan Bi by switch K6 Guan Bi, switch K6 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K5 Guan Bi;Multistage The secondary side of transformator TB is connected with load 1F;

Connect between described first link 1L and the second link 2L and have anti-short link one 1D, described second link 2L and the 3rd link Connecting between 3L and have anti-short link two 2D, connecting between described first link 1L and the 3rd link 3L has anti-short link three 3D;

Described anti-short link one 1D is provided with delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1, delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1 and is connected in series;Institute State anti-short link two 2D to be provided with delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2, delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2 and be connected in series;Described anti-short Link one 1D is provided with delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3, delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3 and is connected in series;

In order to realize distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, there is multi-stage output voltage value, by regulating the first link 1L, the second company Road 2L, the 3rd link 3L, switch K1, switch K2, switch K3, switch K4, switch K5, switch K6 can regulate output voltage values with Adapt to the voltage under varying environment use.

Switch K1, switch K2, switch K3, switch K4, switch K5, switch K6 can be relay, chopper or electric power electricity Son switch.The specific implementation process exchanging changeable transformator 2-26 can use, if K1And K3Disconnect, K2And K4Guan Bi, this time-varying Depressor TB high-pressure side is in short-circuit condition, and high side voltage is zero, then the secondary winding voltage in load circuit is also zero, transformation Device TB is not engaged in compensating the alternating voltage of load.If now K2And K3Disconnect, K1And K4Guan Bi, then transformator TB high-pressure side Accessing input voltage, transformator TB low-pressure side output voltage accesses in load circuit, and load voltage changes.If K2And K3Close Close, K1And K4Disconnect, then load voltage generation opposite direction changes.If K1And K3Disconnect, K2And K4Guan Bi, then transformator TB high-pressure side Voltage is zero, and low-pressure side voltage is also zero, and load voltage is equal to input voltage.Specifically mode does not enumerates, By changing switch K1To K6Compound mode, available different input voltage regulation change.But also by regulation first even Between road 1L, the second link 2L, the 3rd link 3L spacing regulation regulation change, and combine switch K1, switch K2, switch K3, Switch K4, switch K5, the action of switch K6 realize multiple supply voltage.

In order to avoid switch K1And K2, or K3And K4, or K5And K6Situation about being closed at, is equivalent to short circuit, or switch K1And K2, or K3And K4, or K5And K6Situation about simultaneously switching off, transformer high-voltage winding is opened a way.During high pressure winding open circuit, by low The load current of pressure winding all becomes the exciting current of transformator.Under transformator normal operation, exciting current only accounts for winding The sub-fraction of electric current, the magnetic field induction of generation goes out the rated voltage of transformator.Load current all becomes the excitation of transformator During electric current, transformer core is saturated, it is easy to breakdown switch and Transformer Winding insulation, causes the damage of equipment.

It is provided with anti-short link one 1D, anti-short link two 2D, anti-short link three 3D.Based on the first link 1L, the second link 2L, the 3rd link 3L, switch K1, switch K2, switch K3, switch K4, switch K5, switch K6 are in the high-pressure side of transformator, negative When load loop leads to super-high-current, according to no-load voltage ratio and the relation of electric current of transformator, high voltage side current is the least, little the opening of active volume Close K1To K6Control transformator.

Anti-short link one 1D, anti-short link two 2D, anti-short link three 3D ensure to exchange the reliability of changeable transformator, it is ensured that In switch transformation process, high voltage side of transformer can not be opened a way, it is achieved that without over-voltage process.

Concrete, in case as a example by short link one 1D, if Ky1、K2And K3Disconnect, K1And K4Guan Bi, then transformator TB high-pressure side Accessing input voltage, the series connection of transformator TB low-pressure side output voltage accesses in load circuit, and load voltage changes.If desired It is switched to K1And K3Disconnect, K2And K4Guan Bi, then close Ky1, input voltage is applied directly on resistance Rb1;Ky1Tens millis of time delay Second, disconnect switch K1, transformator is equivalent to a current transformer, and resistance Rb1 is that load current provides current channel, thus Produce without overvoltage in high-pressure side;Time delay waits K1Determine disconnection, connect K2, high voltage side of transformer short circuit in winding, on resistance Rb1 Voltage reduce to zero;Time delay waits K2Determine Guan Bi, disconnect Ky1, switch handoff procedure terminates.

In like manner, the working method such as the working method of anti-short link one 1D of anti-short link two 2D, anti-short link three 3D.

Resistance Rb1, resistance Rb2, resistance Rb3 resistance should be suitable with the impedance reference value of transformator.Due to handoff procedure very Short, even if input voltage is applied directly on resistance Rb1, resistance Rb2, resistance Rb3 produce the biggest instantaneous power, but the time Short, the gross energy of generation is the least, and resistance Rb1, resistance Rb2, resistance Rb3 caloric value are the least.Therefore small-power, small size can be used Resistance.Distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet can arrange the changeable transformator of multiple exchange.Particular number is according to on-the-spot actual need Customize.

It is further able to be realized switching K1, switch K2, switch K3, switch K4, switch K5, switching K6's by industrial computer Control, and set and according to the time chien shih K sety1、Ky2、Ky3. and make industrial computer control the logical of switch K1 and switch K2 Disconnected, the break-make of switch K3 and switch K4, the break-make of switch K5 and switch K6.

Delay control circuit one includes: the photoisolator U1 that input is connected with industrial computer, photoisolator U1 first Outfan is connected with resistance Rk1 the first end, photoisolator U1 the second outfan respectively with resistance Rk4 the first end, resistance Rk2 One end connects, and resistance Rk1 the second end, resistance Rk2 the second end, resistance Rk3 the first end are connected with power end VDD respectively, resistance Rk4 Second end is connected with audion Qk1 base stage, resistance Rk3 the second end, audion Qk1 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk5 the first end, resistance Rk6 First end is simultaneously connected with, and resistance Rk3 plays metering function, and resistance Rk2, resistance Rk4 play shunting action;Resistance Rk1 plays limit Stream effect;Audion Qk1 emitter stage, resistance Rk5 the second end, audion Qk2 emitter stage, resistance Rk7 the second end, resistance Rk8 One end ground connection;Resistance Rk6 second terminates audion Qk2 base stage, and audion Qk2 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk7 the first end are simultaneously with phase-locked Device input one connects, and resistance Rk8 the second end connects phase locking unit input two by display lamp LEDk1;

Phase locking unit outfan one is connected with audion Qk3 base stage by resistance Rk9, audion Qk3 colelctor electrode, diode VD1 Negative pole, the positive pole of diode VD2 are simultaneously connected with, audion Qk4 colelctor electrode, audion Qk3 emitter stage, the positive pole of diode VD1, Resistance Rk11 the first end, diode VD3 negative pole, diode VD4 positive pole are simultaneously connected with, resistance Rk11 the second end and photoisolator The input two of U2 connects, and the negative pole of diode VD2 is connected with photoisolator U2 input one by resistance Rk13, photoelectricity every Relay J 1, the control coil of relay J 1 connecting valve K1 is connected from device U2 outfan;

Phase locking unit outfan two is connected with audion Qk4 base stage by resistance Rk10, and audion Qk4 emitter stage, diode VD3 are just Pole, resistance Rk12 the first end ground connection simultaneously, diode VD4 negative pole is by resistance Rk14 with photoisolator U3 input one even Connecing, resistance Rk12 the second end is connected with the input two of photoisolator U3, and photoisolator U3 outfan connects relay J 2, The control coil of relay J 2 connecting valve K2.

Structure chart as delay control circuit two, delay control circuit three have with delay control circuit one equally.Work Control machine sends a control signal, is filtered by photoisolator U1, amplifies through audion Qk1, audion Qk2, and time delay control Circuit one processed after receiving signal, display lamp LEDk1 luminous prompting.Phase-locked through phase locking unit SC again.If industrial computer sends Be the connection signal to switch K1, then phase locking unit SC locking switch K1 closes.Audion Qk3 turn-on relay J1 connection is left Close the control coil Guan Bi of K1, switch K1 Guan Bi.But audion Qk4 does not turns on, industrial computer does not sends switch K2 yet simultaneously Closure signal so that switch K2 disconnect.In section at the same time, so ensure that switch K1, switch K2 only one of which are led Logical.As a same reason, switch K3, switch K4, switch K5, switch K6 industrial computer are also to use this kind of mode to be controlled.And prolong Time control circuit one contain diode VD1, diode VD2, diode VD3 to the control of signal and filtering.Phototube Coupling Device U1, photoisolator U2, the filtering of photoisolator U3, it is ensured that the validity of control signal transmitting procedure.And time delay Control circuit one includes current-limiting resistance, divider resistance so that each stabilization member of delay control circuit one runs.

In the present embodiment, include inside low-voltage distribution cabinet 3-16: inlet wire importation, sub-control part and output part; Inlet wire importation level is provided with two mounting rail 3-1, and two mounting rail 3-1 are provided with three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 3-2;Point Control part of horizontal is provided with two mounting rail 3-1, and two mounting rail 3-1 are provided with multiple breaker of plastic casing 3-3;Inlet wire input unit It is provided with three point with level between sub-control part to be connected and arrange 3-14;Article three, connect and be provided with insulated umbrella 3-13, and three between row 3-14 Bar is connected row 3-14 and is installed on cabinet 3-16 by insulated umbrella 3-13;The input of three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 3-2 and power supply Inlet wire connects;Here the outfan 3-7 that the input of three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 3-2 is switched by three-phase incoming relay-protection respectively with Article three, connecting and arrange 3-14, the every corresponding connection of electricity mutually every in the outfan 3-7 of three-phase incoming relay-protection switch connects row 3-14;Mould The most corresponding row 3-14 that is connected with three of the three-phase input end 8 of case circuit breaker 3 connects;

Output part is the most vertically provided with three mounting rail 3-1, and uppermost two mounting rail 3-1 are provided with soft start Device 3-4, converter 3-5;The power input of soft initiator 3-4 and the outfan of a breaker of plastic casing 3-3, converter 3-5 Power input electrically connect with the outfan of another breaker of plastic casing 3-3;The mounting rail 3-1 of foot is provided with ground wire row 3-11 and the zero line row 3-9 being connected on cabinet by insulator;

Three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 2, breaker of plastic casing 3, soft initiator 4, converter 5 are A, B, C three-phase electricity, wherein connect row 14 is three, corresponds to A, B, C phase electric.Between three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 2, breaker of plastic casing 3, soft initiator 4, converter 5 Every the most equal one_to_one corresponding.Such as the A phase of three-phase incoming relay-protection switch 2, corresponding with the A phase of breaker of plastic casing 3 be connected by A Row 14 connection, the A phase of breaker of plastic casing 3 is connected with the A of soft initiator 4, the A phase of breaker of plastic casing 3 and the A phase of converter 5 Connect.Soft initiator 4 is individually connected with a breaker of plastic casing 3, and converter 5 is individually connected with a breaker of plastic casing 3.

Cabinet top is provided with fan 3-15, fan 3-15 and can include multiple, and concrete includes 3 fan 3-15.Cabinet Inside is provided with fan control unit, converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ether Netcom Letter module and microcontroller;Converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor respectively with microcontroller Device 3-17 electrically connects;

Converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ethernet communication module respectively with microcontroller Device 3-17 connects;Microcontroller 3-17 is obtained by converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor Data message, and it is uploaded to industrial computer by ethernet communication module;

Fan control unit is for controlling the rotating speed of fan 3-15.Converter temperature sensor is for gathering the temperature of transducer body Angle value and converter three-phase bus bar or the temperature of cable.Soft initiator temperature sensor is for gathering the temperature of soft initiator body Angle value and soft initiator three-phase bus bar or the temperature of cable.Smoke Sensor is for gathering the smog in cabinet.When cabinet goes out During existing smog, it can be determined that have element over-temperature or on fire for cabinet 16 is internal, gather smog in time, and amount of smoke is sent to micro- Controller.

Fan control unit is connected with fan 3-15, and for controlling the rotating speed of fan 3-15, fan control unit includes: bag Include resistance Rl, electric capacity Cl, fan electromotor M, optocoupler U2, time base chip Ul and diode D1;Resistance Rl one end connects electric capacity respectively Cl, fan electromotor M and 220V power supply first, the resistance Rl other end connects the electric capacity Cl other end and rectifier bridge Q pin 1 respectively, whole Stream bridge Q pin 3 connect 220V alternating current the second end, microcontroller and mono-outfan of optocoupler U2 respectively, optocoupler U2 another Outfan connects microcontroller and fan electromotor M respectively, and rectifier bridge Q pin 4 connects optocoupler U2 first input end, Shi Jixin respectively Sheet Ul pin 1, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, electric capacity C4 and diode D3 positive pole, base core Ul pin 5 when the electric capacity C2 other end connects, light Base chip Ul pin 3 when second input of coupling Ul is connected by resistance R3, base chip when rectifier bridge Q pin 2 connects respectively Ul pin 4, time base chip Ul pin 8, resistance R4, the electric capacity C4 other end and diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R4 other end is respectively Connecting resistance R3, potentiometer RPl one end and diode Dl negative pole, diode Dl positive pole connects diode D2 positive pole and electricity respectively Position device RPl slide plate, diode D2 negative pole connect respectively the potentiometer RPl other end, the electric capacity C3 other end, time base chip Ul pin With time base chip Ul pin 6;

Microcontroller 3-17 for receive converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor sensing Data message, when the temperature value of converter temperature sensor or soft initiator temperature sensor senses is beyond the threshold value preset, Microcontroller controls fan by fan control unit and strengthens rotating speed;When the smog of Smoke Sensor sensing is beyond the threshold value preset Time, microcontroller controls fan by fan control unit and strengthens rotating speed.As long as the temperature of converter temperature sensor senses occurs Angle value senses beyond the threshold value preset or smog beyond the temperature value of the threshold value preset or soft initiator temperature sensor senses When the smog of device sensing is beyond the threshold value preset, microcontroller controls fan by fan control unit and strengthens rotating speed, adds strong wind The smoke evacuation dynamics of fan.

Concrete, fan control circuitry is exactly a common tune microcontroller 3-17 does not exports control signal when Speed fan, regulator potentiometer RPl i.e. scalable fan electromotor M rotating speed, when microcontroller 3-17 exports control signal, it is switched on Natural wind simulating function, fan electromotor M speed, by ascending change, improves the wind speed of fan, quickly enters in making cabinet Row ventilation.Here a fan control unit can realize controlling multiple fan.

Bottom of cabinet bulk and cabinet sidepiece are provided with radiator window 3-12.The both sides of cabinet are provided with the most solid respectively along vertical direction Determining bar 3-18, if vertical fixed strip 3-18 is provided with each strip hole, mounting rail 3-1 two ends are provided with consolidate suitable with strip hole Determine circular hole;Mounting rail 3-1 is fixed on inside cabinet through fixing circular hole and strip hole by bolt.Soft initiator 3-4 is by mother Line row electrically connect with breaker of plastic casing, and converter 3-5 is electrically connected with breaker of plastic casing by bus bar.

Low-voltage distribution cabinet both sides are provided with low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate and low-voltage distribution cabinet right plate;Low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate Being provided with at least one internal projection one to low-voltage distribution cabinet inner tensile, right plate is provided with at least one outside low-voltage distribution cabinet The outer lug one of stretching;

Described internal projection one is provided with endoporus one, and described outer lug one is provided with exit orifice one;Described internal projection one and outer lug one Suitable, endoporus one is suitable with exit orifice one, and it is internal that described outer lug one extends to internal projection one, the exit orifice of described outer lug one It is bolted with the endoporus of internal projection one, makes the side plate between low-voltage distribution cabinet with low-voltage distribution cabinet be connected;Described convex Play one and use interference fit with outer lug one.

Internal projection one is suitable with outer lug one, and endoporus is suitable with exit orifice, and it is internal that outer lug one extends to internal projection one, The exit orifice of outer lug is bolted with the endoporus of internal projection, makes the side plate between low-voltage distribution cabinet and low-voltage distribution cabinet even Connect;Being riveted by connecting bolt or pulling rivet, making two cabinets connect, the low-voltage distribution cabinet left and right sides is plane, without spiral shell Bolt protrudes.Decrease manufacturing procedure, improve the fast changeable of product, and simple in construction, appearance looks elegant.This connection Mode can not only reduce processing technique, improves product quality, simultaneously need to change wherein a cabinet body time also can quick-replaceable, joint Save human and material resources, shorten power off time.

Soft initiator includes housing 541, static contact 542, moving contact assembly 547, and the upper end of housing 541 arranges input and connects Sheet 548, the lower end of housing 541 is provided with three outputs and connects sheet 549, and static contact 542, moving contact assembly are arranged in housing 541, Static contact 542 is oppositely arranged with moving contact assembly 547, moving contact assembly 547 include coil 543, iron core 544, moving contact 545 And back-moving spring 546, iron core 544 is set in coil 543, and moving contact 545 is oppositely arranged with iron core 544, back-moving spring 546 One end is withstood bottom moving contact 545, and the other end withstands the shell of coil 43, and wherein iron core 544 is E shaped iron core, middle projection Being set in coil 543, moving contact 545 includes contact 551, contact shell 552, contact block 553, and contact 551 is arranged on contact shell On 552, contact block 553 is arranged in contact shell 552, and contacts with contact 551, contact block 553 be one and fit with iron core 544 The E type contact block joined, back-moving spring 546 is set in the projection in the middle of contact block 553.

When work when, input accesses input and connects sheet 548, and load is connected to input and connects on sheet 549, works as electric current Enter from input so that it is in controllable silicon, electric current slowly increases, and the electric current in coil slowly increases, and contact block adhesive, band Dynamic moving contact contacts with static contact, opens conducting, reaches to prevent the purpose of current break, improve the safety of low-voltage distribution cabinet Property.

In the present embodiment, be provided with inside breaker chamber 1-6 several primary cut-outs 1-13 and with primary cut-out 1- 13 suitable temperature sensor 1-14, temperature sensor 1-14 are for detecting the temperature of the main stationary contact of primary cut-out 1-13 Degree, and temperature signal is transferred to industrial computer.

When temperature sensor detects the temperature of the main stationary contact of described primary cut-out beyond the threshold value preset, industrial computer Control alarm and carry out sound and light alarm;So, facilitate Real Time Observation and read contact temperature value, it is possible to presetting warning temperature Degree, exceedes default alarm temperature once temperature, will send alarm, inform that staff pinpoints the problems in time.Temperature passes Sensor 1-14 is the annulus temperature sensor of the contact post matching form conjunction of the main stationary contact with primary cut-out 1-13, and temperature passes In the contact post of the main stationary contact that sensor 1-14 is placed on correspondence.Bus townhouse 1-15 it is provided with inside bus-bar room 1-5.

In the present embodiment, described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the explosion-proof control of remote control It is respectively equipped with protection device inside case processed;

Described protection device includes: over voltage alarm circuit 4-1, overvoltage crowbar 4-2, current foldback circuit 4-3, rectifying and voltage-stabilizing Circuit 4-4;The input of over voltage alarm circuit 4-1 is connected with distributing box electric power incoming line 4-5, and over voltage alarm circuit 4-1's is defeated Going out end to be connected with the input of overvoltage crowbar 4-2, the outfan of overvoltage crowbar 4-2 is with current foldback circuit 4-3's Input connects, and the outfan of current foldback circuit 4-3 is connected with the input of regulator rectifier circuit 4-4;

Over voltage alarm circuit 1 includes: resistance R1, resistance R2, alarm lamp L;First end of resistance R1 and the first of resistance R2 End be connected with distributing box electric power incoming line respectively, first end of alarm lamp L, second end of resistance R1, the second of resistance R2 End is simultaneously connected with, the second end ground connection of alarm lamp L;Overvoltage crowbar 2 includes: solid discharging tube 1, solid discharge Pipe 2 11, solid discharging tube 3 13;The two ends of solid discharging tube 2 11 are connected with power line respectively, and solid discharging tube 1 is with solid Body discharge tube 3 13 is connected, the junction point ground connection of solid discharging tube 1 and solid discharging tube 3 13;Current foldback circuit 3 wraps Include: electric fuse one F1 and electric fuse two F2;Electric fuse one F1 and electric fuse two F2 is respectively provided with on the power line.Rectifying and voltage-stabilizing electricity Road 4-4 includes step-down transformer T, rectifier bridge D, capacitive filter C1 and three terminal regulator SAW, and the voltage of step-down transformer T is defeated Entering to hold both sides to connect power line respectively, the voltage output end of step-down transformer T is connected with two ac input ends of rectifier bridge D respectively, The positive DC outfan of rectifier bridge D is connected with capacitive filter C1 positive pole, and the negative DC outfan of rectifier bridge is filtered with electric capacity Ripple device C1 negative pole connects, and the input of three terminal regulator SAW and sampling end are connected with capacitive filter C1 positive pole and negative pole respectively, The outfan of three terminal regulator SAW respectively with electric capacity C2 and being connected by electric loading.When overvoltage does not occurs, electric fuse one F1, insurance Silk two F2, solid discharging tube 1, solid discharging tube 2 11, solid discharging tube 3 13 are in normality, the normal work of power distribution equipment Make.When occurring overvoltage on communication line, self-healing electric fuse one F1 and self-healing electric fuse two F2 presents high-impedance state, Consume overvoltage energy.Solid discharging tube 1, solid discharging tube 2 11, the breakdown conducting of solid discharging tube 3 13, and then incited somebody to action Pressure energy consumes.Meanwhile, alarm lamp L lights, and plays early warning effect.Electric fuse one F1 uses self-recoverage insurance Silk.Electric fuse two F2 uses resettable fuse.

Lightning-protection module includes: electric fuse Ffl, lightning protection diode VDfl, varistor YMR, gas-discharge tube QTF;Data The power supply of processor is connected with data processor and varistor YMR the first end respectively by electric fuse Ffl;Data process The earth terminal one of device by lightning protection diode VDfl respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the second end, ground connection and varistor YMR second End connects;The earth terminal two of data processor respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the first end and grounding connection.

Lightning-protection module parallel connection gas-discharge tube QTF, varistor YMR, lightning protection diode VDfl, present high impedance, and one Denier circuit thunderbolt cause transient overvoltage, lightning-protection module can surge protection, play lightning protection effect.Magnetic post through walls includes set Body 21c and retaining collar 22c, retaining collar 22c ring set is fixed on the middle part outer wall of union body 21c, union body 21c two ends Being equipped with binding post 24c and insulated ring 23c, insulated ring 23 c and be embedded in union body 21c inwall, binding post 24c is fixed on absolutely Outside edge circle 23c, binding post 24c is equipped with two wiring hole 25c, it is simple to the connection of high-tension bus-bar, pipe box body 21c adopts Making with ceramic material, electric insulating effect is good and anticorrosion, and service life is long, and insulated ring 23c uses silica gel material to make, waterproof Protection against the tide, stops the generation of electric arc, and safety coefficient is high.

In the present embodiment, remote control explosion-proof control box includes: anti-explosion box body, main power supply module 20e;Anti-explosion box body 16e leads to Cross chamber door, be arranged on anti-explosion box body 16e both sides side plate, be separately positioned on the top board of anti-explosion box body 16e upper and lower sides, base plate and The backboard being oppositely arranged with chamber door forms tetragonal body structure,

Chamber door 2e is hinged with side plate;It is respectively equipped with hangers 3e at the corner of backboard, inside anti-explosion box body 16e, is provided with installing plate 15e, Installing plate 15e is installed on backboard, and main power supply module 20e is arranged on installing plate 15e;

Even on the top board of anti-explosion box body 16e have interface on multiple away from interval, on each, in interface, be installed with explosion-proof flexibility Pipe 5e, base plate is even has multiple lower interface away from interval, is coated with down explosion-proof flexible pipe 14e in each of the lower in interface;

The edge of chamber door is even away from being interval with several chamber doors screw 7e, and side plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with side plate flanging, Top board and chamber door sticking part are provided with top board flanging, and base plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with base plate flanging, side plate flanging, top board flanging, The flanging screw suitable with chamber door screw 7e it is respectively equipped with on base plate flanging;Chamber door screw and spinning bolt in flanging screw, Chamber door is made to be pressed together on respectively on side plate, top board, base plate;Chamber door is provided with lamp hole, and lamp hole is built with explosion-proof lamp 4e;

Main power supply module 20e includes: conventional electric power incoming line terminal 21e, conventional power outlet terminal 22e, stand-by power supply inlet wire Terminal 23e, stand-by power supply outlet terminal 24e, conventional power work display lamp 27e, stand-by power supply relay indicating light 28e, power supply Display lamp 30e, hands is from permutator 25e, and manual switching controls switch 29e, wireless communication module and single-chip microcomputer;

Conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal is conventional Power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator, hands controls switch, nothing from permutator, manual switching Line communication module electrically connects with single-chip microcomputer respectively, and single-chip microcomputer is used for obtaining conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, Stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal, conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply Display lamp, hands controls the operation information of switch from permutator, manual switching, and described operation information is passed through radio communication mold Block sends to industrial computer and receives the control information that industrial computer sends, and controls main power supply inside modules element and runs;

Hands is used for making user switch manual switch pattern or auto transformation mode from permutator 29e;Auto transformation mode is for working as When conventional power failure or power failure, main power supply module 20e is automatically shifted to stand-by power supply and powers.Manual mode is to work as When conventional power failure or power failure, operator operate and make conversion power to stand-by power supply.

Manual switching controls switch 29e for when selecting manual switch pattern, switching power supply mode manually;

The square opening for observing main power supply module is offered on chamber door, the implosion guard door 9e that square opening is provided with, explosion-proof The circumferential side frame of glass door 9e passes through the even glass door bolt 8e away from interval by implosion guard door and chamber door compact siro spinning technology, explosion-proof glass Be provided with side by side on chamber door below glass door 9e respectively with conventional power work display lamp 10e, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, electricity The display lamp 10e that source display lamp is electrically connected, the chamber door below display lamp 10e is provided with hands from permutator 25e even The hands connect is from conversion control handle 12e and controls the manual switching knob 13e that switch 29e is connected with manual switching.

In the present embodiment, installing plate 15e is provided with at least four installing hole;Backboard is provided with the spiral shell suitable with installing hole Bar 51e, screw rod 51e are provided with a pair nut 52e suitable with screw rod, and installing hole sets through screw rod 51e, a nut 52e Putting the back side at installing plate 15e, another nut is arranged on the front of installing plate 15e, makes two nut 52e by installing plate 15e It is clamped on screw rod 51e.Strip hole is had on hangers 3e.Chamber door, side plate and backboard are respectively adopted thickness at 10mm extremely The steel plate of 30mm makes.Main power supply module includes: four switch connecting hole 11e;Four switch connecting hole 11e are arranged on active and standby The corner of power module, main power supply module switchs connecting holes through four, with installing plate 15e by four bolts correspondence respectively Connect.Chamber door is provided with articulated elements with the articulated section of side plate;

Articulated elements includes: the first hinge 31e, the first fixing hole 32e, the first pin-and-hole 33e, the second hinge 34e, the second fixing hole 35e, the second pin-and-hole 36e and removable pin device 37e, the first hinge 31e is respectively arranged at two ends with the first fixing hole 32e and the first pin-and-hole 33e, the first hinge 31e are connected with anti-explosion box body 16e by bolt and the first fixing hole 32e;

Second hinge 34e is respectively arranged at two ends with the second fixing hole 35e and the second pin-and-hole 36e, and the second hinge 34e is by bolt and the Two fixing hole 35e are connected with anti-explosion box body 16e, and the first pin-and-hole 33e and the second pin-and-hole 36e is rotated even by removable pin device 37e Connect;Removable pin device 37e includes a couple half shank 41e, annular groove 42e and the spring 43e being oppositely arranged, half shank 41e phase To arranging and realizing connecting.Half shank 41e one end passes the first pin-and-hole 33e of the first hinge 31e and extend into the second hinge 34e The second pin-and-hole 36e so that two and half shank 41e contact, the half shank 41e other end is provided with annular groove 42e, spring 43e one end connect annular groove 42e, its other end connects outside the first pin-and-hole 33e, make half shank 41e and the first pin-and-hole 33e it Between produce elastic acting force, in a state of use, it is possible to the half shank 41e contact making to be oppositely arranged is closely, it is achieved the first hinge Rotating function between 31e and the second hinge 34e.And when explosion-proof tank is dismantled by needs, will half shank 41e from the first pin-and-hole Extract in 33e and the second pin-and-hole 36e.And one half shank 41e junctions are respectively equipped with inner concave conical 39e and taper 38e, interior concave cone Shape 39e and taper 38e match.In use, the taper 38e of two and half shank 41e is inserted in inner concave conical 39e, from And achieve the compact siro spinning technology of half shank 41e.

In the present embodiment, high voltage mid-placed cabinet also includes: busbar that isolation switch is connected with described isolation switch, Duo Gehong Outer temperature collecting device, ventilation unit, Zigbee wireless transport module, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm Module, humidity detecting module, voice cue module;

Multiple infrared temperature harvesters, ventilation unit, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module, humidity Detection module, voice cue module communicate to connect with industrial computer with by Zigbee wireless transport module respectively;

Each infrared temperature harvester is provided with infrared temperature sensor, voltage-frequency conversion circuit;Infrared temperature sensor infrared Transmitting terminal is arranged on the temperature of each single-phase of isolation switch described in aim detecting and described bus folding position;Infrared emission The infrared ray of end is perpendicular with joint;For the temperature value of detection is transmitted to industrial computer;

Described high-low pressure modular converter is low for using electromagnetic induction principle directly to obtain from the contact of isolation switch or busbar Voltage is that the electricity consumption low voltage component in switch cubicle is powered;Described ventilation unit is by Zigbee wireless transport module with industrial computer even Connect, described industrial computer receive each infrared temperature harvester transmission detection temperature value, and by detection temperature value with preset Temperature value compares, and when detecting temperature value more than the temperature value preset, industrial computer is remotely controlled by Zigbee wireless transport module Ventilation unit processed is aerated in high voltage mid-placed cabinet;

Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is connected with industrial computer, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is for when detection When temperature value is more than the temperature value preset, the sound and light alarm that described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module sends;Described humidity is examined Surveying module to be connected with industrial computer, humidity detecting module is for detecting the humidity in high-tension switch cabinet, and the humidity output that will gather To industrial computer;High voltage mid-placed cabinet includes cabinet and cabinet door, and cabinet connects with cabinet door hinge;Include in high voltage mid-placed cabinet: cabinet door is provided with The cabinet door induction module being connected with industrial computer, the on off state of cabinet door induction module sensing cabinet door, and by the on off state of cabinet door Send to industrial computer;Described voice cue module, for when the cabinet door of high voltage mid-placed cabinet is opened, plays information of voice prompt;Institute State industrial computer be additionally operable to by Zigbee wireless transport module to server send enabling information, server confirm enabling information with And for when closing cabinet door, send, to server, information of closing the door, the time that server record opens the door, closes the door.

High-low pressure modular converter includes: the current transformer 111 being arranged on isolation switch or busbar, rectification circuit 112, Filter regulator circuit 113, DC-DC module 114;It is connected by reactor between rectification circuit 112 with current transformer 111.High Pressure self-supplying power source includes that one uses alloy to be iron core with contact of breaker or busbar phase, current transformer, it is ensured that during small area analysis The normal excitation of iron core, core sataration during big electric current, thus provide the induced voltage that amplitude of variation is less.The induced voltage obtained Stable supply voltage output is obtained after pressure limiting, rectification and secondary pressure.

In the present embodiment, industrial computer and high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control Cabinet processed, remote control explosion-proof control box use multiple transport protocols.Here based on using scene or using the employing of environment difference the most of the same race The communication protocol of class.After industrial computer receives agreement, carrying out various protocols unifying naturalization is agreement, here a data parsing mould Block for becoming the form of parallel data stream by data Layer serial data data stream separation, according to the protocol type of data Layer, extracts Frame head in data Layer and trailer information, carry out protocol label conversion by the data link layer of frame head and trailer information and data Layer Data message synchronism output after parsing;Data resolution module for according to Internet for the translation-protocol net to data Layer Network layers protocol analysis, exports after processing data according to the agreement of Internet, simultaneously according to network layer protocol, extracts data Data message in the Internet of layer exports;Data resolution module is for resolving, according to transmission the transport layer of data Layer Layer protocol is transmitted the protocol analysis of layer to data Layer, according to the agreement of transport layer to the number corresponding to the transport layer of data Layer Export according to after processing;Here

By each standard agreement is attached, forms a data analytic thread, and all standard agreements be all in concurrent working, Thus on the one hand reach the network packet of labyrinth is successively resolved, on the other hand in turn ensure that network packet Linear speed.The present invention is the most also open device, can add in existing data parsing chain meet new agreement Standard agreement resolves, thus reaches the correct parsing to new protocol data bag.

Various data are carried out examination, arrangement by data processing module, it is provided that each application function is analyzed, adds up and deposits Storage, is analyzed the primary data information (pdi) of collection with the threshold value preset, when the data message gathered is beyond threshold value, sends out Go out warning information;

In this specification, each embodiment uses the mode gone forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is to implement with other The difference of example, identical similar portion reference mutually between each embodiment.

Term " first " in description and claims of this specification and above-mentioned accompanying drawing, " second ", " the 3rd " " Four " etc. (if present) is for distinguishing similar object, without being used for describing specific order or precedence.Should manage Solve the data so used can exchange in the appropriate case, in order to embodiments of the invention described herein can with except Here the order beyond those illustrating or describing is implemented.Additionally, term " includes " and " having " and their any deformation, It is intended to cover non-exclusive comprising.

Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or uses the present invention. Multiple amendment to these embodiments will be apparent from for those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can realize without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein and features of novelty phase one The widest scope caused.

Claims (8)

1. a comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring, it is characterised in that including: arrange in each electrical network power supply area Transformer station and being connected with each transformer substation communication respectively, obtains the server of each substation data information;
Described transformer station includes: casing;Casing includes: base plate, body of wall and top cover, box house be provided with altitude chamber, transformer room, Low-pressure chamber and respectively with altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber electric elements inside communication connection, be used for obtaining altitude chamber, change Depressor room, the industrial computer of low-pressure chamber electric elements inside service data information;
Described transformer room is provided with the high pressure close neighbour face with altitude chamber close neighbour, and the low pressure close neighbour face of low-pressure chamber close neighbour, with outside The exterior wall of close neighbour and for passing in and out the open-type net door of transformer room;
High pressure close neighbour face between described transformer room and altitude chamber is provided with high pressure enclosed baffle, described transformer room and low-pressure chamber Between low pressure close neighbour face be provided with low pressure enclosed baffle;It is provided with fixed net near open-type net door side in described transformer room Door;
Described high pressure close neighbour face is provided with multiple high-voltage terminal flange being embedded on high pressure close neighbour face, and described low pressure close neighbour face is provided with Multiple it is embedded on low pressure close neighbour face, for the low-pressure line-outgoing flange making low-voltage circuit pass;
Being provided with transformator in described transformer room, high pressure close neighbour face is provided with and is connected with high pressure close neighbour face by high-voltage terminal flange Magnetic post through walls, magnetic post through walls runs through transformer room and altitude chamber;
Offering altitude chamber window and altitude chamber door on the body of wall of described altitude chamber, altitude chamber window is provided with exhaust fan;Described transformation Offering transformation room window and transformation room door on the body of wall of room, transformation room window is provided with exhaust fan;Open on the body of wall of described low-pressure chamber Being provided with low-pressure chamber window and low-pressure chamber door, low-pressure chamber window is provided with exhaust fan;
The body of wall and the dividing plate that are centered around transformation room surrounding are respectively equipped with inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate, at inner layer steel plate and outer layer Being provided with cavity between steel plate, it is cotton that cavity inside is provided with fire-proof sound insulation;Outer layer plate surface scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating;Internal layer Steel plate is near the setting of transformation indoor, and outer layer plate is arranged on the outside of transformation room;Described inner layer steel plate and outer layer plate pass through spiral shell Tether and connect;The surface of described top cover scribbles heat loss through radiation High tailored coating;
Include in low-pressure chamber: high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control are prevented Quick-fried control chamber;
High voltage mid-placed cabinet front is provided with cabinet door, and the back side is provided with backboard, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet both sides are provided with left plate and right plate;Left side Plate is provided with at least one internal projection to high voltage mid-placed cabinet inner tensile, and right plate is provided with at least one outside high voltage mid-placed cabinet The outer lug of stretching;
Described internal projection is provided with endoporus, and described outer lug is provided with exit orifice;Described internal projection is suitable with outer lug, endoporus with Exit orifice is suitable, and described outer lug extends to inside internal projection, and the exit orifice of described outer lug and the endoporus of internal projection pass through bolt Connect, make the side plate between high voltage mid-placed cabinet with high voltage mid-placed cabinet be connected;Described internal projection uses interference fit with outer lug;
Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet is internal is provided with bus-bar room near top, and the bottom of bus-bar room is provided with breaker chamber, breaker chamber Bottom is provided with cable vault;Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet medial part is provided with control room;
CAN radio communication device, breaker control module, alarm it is provided with inside described control room;Breaker control module is used In by CAN radio communication device, the circuit breaker switch state in breaker chamber being sent to industrial computer, and receive industrial computer Control instruction, controls chopper break-make;
Being provided with base bottom high voltage mid-placed cabinet, base connects grounding body, and the ground connection threadeded with grounding body screws cap, with The earth lead that grounding body connects, the earth clip being connected with earth lead;
Described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet top is provided with top cover, and distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet portion is provided with base;Top cover Being provided with mast-up, described mast-up is provided with cabinet linkage section, bound edge section, bending segment and the lifting linkage section being sequentially connected with;
Described cabinet linkage section removably connects with distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet top outer, and bound edge section is wrapped in top cover Outward flange, bending segment makes lifting linkage section be in level setting;Described lifting linkage section is provided with at least two lifting even Connect hole;The connecting portion that described cabinet linkage section and high voltage mid-placed cabinet top outer removably connect is provided with reinforcement angle steel;
The cross section of described floor installation fixed mount is L-shaped, and described floor installation fixed mount includes the long end face of fixed mount and fixes Frame short end face;
The long end face of described fixed mount is provided with at least two fixed mount base connecting hole, and base is provided with and is connected with fixed mount base The base connecting hole that hole is suitable, fixed mount base connecting hole is bolted with base connecting hole, makes described floor installation Fixed mount removably connects with base;
Described cabinet linkage section, cabinet top outer and strengthen between angle steel with bolts;
Connect on the lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section and have hoisting ring;
Described fixed mount short end face is provided with the fixed mount lifting suitable with the lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section and is connected Hole;
The lifting connecting hole of described lifting linkage section is bolted with fixed mount lifting connecting hole, makes mast-up pacify with base Dress fixed mount connects;
Electric panel room and lower electric panel room it is provided with inside described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet;
The described plenum roof that powers on is provided with multiple bus bar;Described upper electric panel room is additionally provided with cup and upper rear chamber;Upper cup sets Surge Protector, GPRS communication module, monitoring and metering is had to control terminal, temperature control module and ammeter;
Described upper rear chamber is provided with multiple distributor breaker and is arranged on the current transformer of distributor breaker leading-out terminal;
Described lower electric panel room is provided with lower cup and lower rear chamber, and lower cup is provided with transversely arranged multiple display lamps, reactive-load compensation control Device processed, universal seclector, multiple transversely arranged electric capacity, exchange changeable transformator with respectively with exchange changeable transformator be connected Voltmeter, ammeter, voltage change-over switch;Described lower rear chamber is provided with electric leakage action breaker;
Exchange changeable transformator to include: multistage transformer, buckling switching device and load;
The primary side of multistage transformer is provided with the first link, the second link, the 3rd link;
Described first link and the 3rd link are separately positioned on the two ends of transformer coil, and the second link is arranged on described first even Between road and the 3rd link, and the second link is slided between the first link and the 3rd link;
Described first link is connected with live wire by switch K1, is connected with zero line by switch K2;Switch K1 is arranged with switch K2 There is delay control circuit one;
Described delay control circuit one is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K1 and switch K2, when by switch K1 Guan Bi switching During to switch K2 Guan Bi, switch K1 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K2 Guan Bi;
Or when being switched to switch K1 Guan Bi by switch K2 Guan Bi, switch K2 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K1 closes Close;
Described second link is connected with live wire by switch K3, is connected with zero line by switch K4;Switch K3 is arranged with switch K4 There is delay control circuit two;
Described delay control circuit two is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K3 and switch K4, when by switch K3 Guan Bi switching During to switch K4 Guan Bi, switch K3 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K4 Guan Bi;
Or when being switched to switch K3 Guan Bi by switch K4 Guan Bi, switch K4 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K3 closes Close;
Described 3rd link is connected with live wire by switch K5, is connected with zero line by switch K6;Switch K5 is arranged with switch K6 There is delay control circuit three;
Described delay control circuit three is used for making one of them switch Guan Bi of switch K5 and switch K6, when by switch K5 Guan Bi switching During to switch K6 Guan Bi, switch K5 disconnects, after default time delay, and switch K6 Guan Bi;
Or when being switched to switch K5 Guan Bi by switch K6 Guan Bi, switch K6 disconnects, after default time delay, switch K5 closes Close;
The secondary side of multistage transformer is connected with load;
It is connected between described first link and the second link and has anti-short link one, described second link to be connected between the 3rd link Having anti-short link two, being connected between described first link and the 3rd link has anti-short link three;
Described anti-short link one is provided with delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1, delay switch Ky1 and resistance R1 and is connected in series;
Described anti-short link two is provided with delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2, delay switch Ky2 and resistance R2 and is connected in series;
Described anti-short link one is provided with delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3, delay switch Ky3 and resistance R3 and is connected in series;
Delay control circuit one includes: the photoisolator U1 that input is connected with industrial computer, photoisolator U1 first exports End be connected with resistance Rk1 the first end, photoisolator U1 the second outfan respectively with resistance Rk4 the first end, resistance Rk2 the first end Connecting, resistance Rk1 the second end, resistance Rk2 the second end, resistance Rk3 the first end are connected with power end VDD respectively, resistance Rk4 second End is connected with audion Qk1 base stage, resistance Rk3 the second end, audion Qk1 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk5 the first end, resistance Rk6 first End is simultaneously connected with, and resistance Rk3 plays metering function, and resistance Rk2, resistance Rk4 play shunting action;Resistance Rk1 plays current limliting and makees With;Audion Qk1 emitter stage, resistance Rk5 the second end, audion Qk2 emitter stage, resistance Rk7 the second end, resistance Rk8 the first end Ground connection;Resistance Rk6 second terminates audion Qk2 base stage, and audion Qk2 colelctor electrode, resistance Rk7 the first end are the most defeated with phase locking unit Entering end one connection, resistance Rk8 the second end connects phase locking unit input two by display lamp LEDk1;
Phase locking unit outfan one is connected with audion Qk3 base stage by resistance Rk9, audion Qk3 colelctor electrode, diode VD1 Negative pole, the positive pole of diode VD2 are simultaneously connected with, audion Qk4 colelctor electrode, audion Qk3 emitter stage, the positive pole of diode VD1, Resistance Rk11 the first end, diode VD3 negative pole, diode VD4 positive pole are simultaneously connected with, resistance Rk11 the second end and photoisolator The input two of U2 connects, and the negative pole of diode VD2 is connected with photoisolator U2 input one by resistance Rk13, photoelectricity every Relay J 1, the control coil of relay J 1 connecting valve K1 is connected from device U2 outfan;
Phase locking unit outfan two is connected with audion Qk4 base stage by resistance Rk10, and audion Qk4 emitter stage, diode VD3 are just Pole, resistance Rk12 the first end ground connection simultaneously, diode VD4 negative pole is by resistance Rk14 with photoisolator U3 input one even Connecing, resistance Rk12 the second end is connected with the input two of photoisolator U3, and photoisolator U3 outfan connects relay J 2, The control coil of relay J 2 connecting valve K2;
Described industrial computer includes: in service data acquisition module, low-pressure chamber, data acquisition module, overload judge module, overload are held Row module, bus pressure control module, stability analysis module;
Described service data acquisition module, for obtaining the real-time running data of altitude chamber, transformer room, low-pressure chamber, is monitored in real time Low-pressure chamber load state;
In described low-pressure chamber, data acquisition module monitors high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote control input and output voltage data of explosion-proof control box, input and output current data, active power, Reactive power, voltage magnitude, frequency and load state;
Described overload judge module is for monitoring high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low pressure in real time according to acquisition Power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the remote load state controlling explosion-proof control box, by the circuit overload rate preset, overload time delay, it is judged that low Whether overload is there is in pressure chamber;
High voltage mid-placed cabinet in low-pressure chamber, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control are explosion-proof The corresponding different overload time delay of the circuit overload rate of control chamber, the overload time delay of Overflow RateHT correspondence has the relation of inverse time lag, when certain One alternating current circuit or a few exchanges are exceeded appointment scope by electric line overload and exceed corresponding time delay, and overload judges mould Block is for the overload the most serious line start premature beats of load;
, select the circuit that overload load is the most serious, started during existence overload if described overload performs module in low-pressure chamber Load off-loading controls, and performs overload cutting load operation;
Described bus pressure control module is for when monitor low-pressure chamber inner high voltage middle-placed switch cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low Pressure power distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, the busbar voltage of remote control explosion-proof control box are less than voltage stabilization predetermined value, start Voltage Instability control System, performs the operation of low-voltage cutting load;
Described stability analysis module is used for power supply plan, repair schedule and bus load prediction data according to network system, Presetting in the phase to altitude chamber, transformer room, the future of low-pressure chamber, operation stability is simulated analyzing, the operation that output is relevant Trendgram, and potential fault is sent early warning information;
Server includes: data collection module, data processing module, network topology structure module, server data memory module, When transformer station sets, module, distribution network monitoring module, early warning monitoring module, form monitoring module, IP address monitoring module, monitoring are put down Platform;
Data collection module is mutual with each substation information for the communication protocol according to standard, obtains the fortune of each transformer station Row data message, completes the collection of all kinds of initial datas needed;
Data processing module carries out examination for the various data about each transformer station collection obtained, arranges and process, The various data of transformer station are analyzed, add up and store, by all kinds of primary data information (pdi)s collected and corresponding threshold value pair Than analyzing, form the warning information of substation operation data;
Network topology structure module for showing the topological structure of power distribution network for user, and is provided the user entirely by topological structure The performance of electrical network and status information, and showed by color, help user to find the potential faults that power distribution network is potential in time Point, provides the user the analysis of data, diagnosis and O&M;
Server data memory module, for using open storage platform to carry out the data storage of system, preserves historical failure number According to and performance data, to generate the report of corresponding trend analysis, and data retention cycle can be by user setup;
When transformer station sets module for the in real time monitoring altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, the setting of low-pressure chamber electric elements inside Standby information, and time-count cycle time of each transformer station unified, the unified time that equipment is set;
Distribution network monitoring module is for by power distribution network topological structure, the altitude chamber of transformer station, transformer room, low-pressure chamber equipment Monitoring, it is achieved Complicated Distribution Network monitoring and unattended duty monitoring;
Early warning monitoring module is used for the Various types of data information collected from power distribution network and each transformer station according to default lattice Formula is uniformly processed, formed consolidation form standardization early warning, and carry out early warning filtration, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning Statistics, and early warning information is stored, provide data support for early warning statistical analysis;
Form monitoring module is used for by circuit, form, graphic form, the Various types of data information collected is carried out organic combination, The ruuning situation showing each transformer station directly perceived;
IP address monitoring module is for arranging the IP address of each transformer station, and carries out determining to each transformer station according to IP address Position;
Monitor supervision platform is used for providing distribution network monitoring information exchange platform, by the various data compilations collected, forms standard Or authority data statistical information, early warning is presented, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics record, the process means to different faults Store, formed troubleshooting sequence, by standard or specification data statistics, early warning presents, early warning inquiry, early warning statistics Information, troubleshooting sequence is shared to monitor supervision platform, it is achieved the collection of experience, arrangement, shares.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Low-voltage distribution cabinet includes: inlet wire importation, sub-control part and output part;
Described inlet wire importation level is provided with two mounting rails, and two mounting rails are provided with three-phase incoming relay-protection switch;
Described sub-control part of horizontal is provided with two mounting rails, and described two mounting rails are provided with multiple breaker of plastic casing;
Between described inlet wire importation with described sub-control part, level is provided with three and is connected row;Article three, connect between row and be provided with absolutely Edge umbrella, connects row and is installed in low-voltage distribution cashier's office in a shop by insulated umbrella;
The input of described three-phase incoming relay-protection switch is connected with the electric power incoming line of low-voltage distribution cabinet;Described three-phase incoming relay-protection is opened Every correspondence of electricity mutually of the outfan closed is connected row and connects with three;The three-phase input end of described breaker of plastic casing is the most corresponding with three Bar connects row and connects;
Described output part is the most vertically provided with three mounting rails, and uppermost two mounting rails are provided with soft start Device, converter;The power input of soft initiator and the outfan of a breaker of plastic casing, the power input of converter is with another The outfan electrical connection of one breaker of plastic casing;After the mounting rail of foot is provided with ground wire row and is connected by insulator Zero line is arranged;
Low-voltage distribution cabinet top is provided with fan, is provided with fan control unit, converter temperature sensor, soft inside low-voltage distribution cabinet Trigger temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ethernet communication module and microcontroller;
Converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, ethernet communication module respectively with microcontroller Device connects;
Microcontroller obtains data message by converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor, and It is uploaded to industrial computer by ethernet communication module;
Fan control unit is connected with fan, and for controlling the rotating speed of fan, fan control unit includes: include resistance Rl, electricity Hold Cl, fan electromotor M, optocoupler U2, time base chip Ul and diode D1;Described resistance Rl one end connects electric capacity Cl, fan respectively Motor M and 220V power supply first, the resistance Rl other end connects the electric capacity Cl other end and rectifier bridge Q pin 1, rectifier bridge Q respectively Pin 3 connects 220V alternating current the second end, microcontroller and mono-outfan of optocoupler U2 respectively, and another outfan of optocoupler U2 divides Not Lian Jie microcontroller and fan electromotor M, rectifier bridge Q pin 4 connect respectively optocoupler U2 first input end, time base chip Ul pin 1, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, electric capacity C4 and diode D3 positive pole, base core Ul pin 5 when the electric capacity C2 other end connects, described optocoupler Ul Base chip Ul pin 3 when second input is connected by resistance R3, base chip when described rectifier bridge Q pin 2 connects respectively Ul pin 4, time base chip Ul pin 8, resistance R4, the electric capacity C4 other end and diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R4 other end is respectively Connecting resistance R3, potentiometer RPl one end and diode Dl negative pole, diode Dl positive pole connects diode D2 positive pole and electricity respectively Position device RPl slide plate, diode D2 negative pole connect respectively the potentiometer RPl other end, the electric capacity C3 other end, time base chip Ul pin With time base chip Ul pin 6;
Described microcontroller is used for receiving described converter temperature sensor, soft initiator temperature sensor, Smoke Sensor sense The data message answered, when the temperature value of described converter temperature sensor or soft initiator temperature sensor senses is beyond presetting Threshold value time, microcontroller by fan control unit control fan strengthen rotating speed;When the smog of Smoke Sensor sensing exceeds During the threshold value preset, microcontroller controls fan by fan control unit and strengthens rotating speed;
The both sides of low-voltage distribution cabinet are provided with vertical fixed strip respectively along vertical direction, if vertical fixed strip is provided with each strip Hole, mounting rail two ends are provided with the fixing circular hole suitable with strip hole;Mounting rail passes fixing circular hole and strip hole by bolt It is fixed on inside low-voltage distribution cabinet;
Low-voltage distribution cabinet both sides are provided with low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate and low-voltage distribution cabinet right plate;Low-voltage distribution cabinet left plate is provided with At least one is to the internal projection one of low-voltage distribution cabinet inner tensile, and right plate is provided with at least one to the outside stretching of low-voltage distribution cabinet Outer lug one;
Described internal projection one is provided with endoporus one, and described outer lug one is provided with exit orifice one;Described internal projection one and outer lug one Suitable, endoporus one is suitable with exit orifice one, and it is internal that described outer lug one extends to internal projection one, the exit orifice of described outer lug one It is bolted with the endoporus of internal projection one, makes the side plate between low-voltage distribution cabinet with low-voltage distribution cabinet be connected;Described convex Play one and use interference fit with outer lug one;
Described soft initiator includes: housing, static contact, moving contact assembly, and static contact, moving contact assembly are arranged in housing, quiet Contact is oppositely arranged with moving contact assembly, and described moving contact assembly includes coil, iron core, moving contact and back-moving spring, iron core Sheathed in coil, moving contact is oppositely arranged with iron core;
Described back-moving spring one end holds bottom moving contact, and the other end holds on the shell of coil;Iron core is E shaped iron core, Middle projection is sheathed in coil;Moving contact includes contact, contact shell, contact block, and contact is arranged on contact shell, contact block It is arranged in contact shell, and and contact, back-moving spring is set in contact block;Described contact block is one and iron core adaptation E type contact block, back-moving spring is set in the projection in the middle of contact block.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The input terminal of primary cut-out and outlet terminal are respectively equipped with primary cut-out temperature sensor, primary cut-out temperature Sensor is for detecting the temperature of the main stationary contact of described primary cut-out, and temperature signal is transferred to industrial computer;
When temperature sensor detects the temperature of the main stationary contact of described primary cut-out beyond the threshold value preset, industrial computer controls Alarm carries out sound and light alarm;
Described primary cut-out temperature sensor is that the contact post matching form of the main stationary contact with described primary cut-out closes Annulus temperature sensor, in the contact post of the main stationary contact that described temperature sensor is placed on correspondence;It is provided with inside described bus-bar room Bus townhouse.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
It is respectively equipped with inside described distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control cabinet, remote control explosion-proof control box Protection device;
Described protection device includes: over voltage alarm circuit, overvoltage crowbar, current foldback circuit, regulator rectifier circuit;
The input correspondence of described over voltage alarm circuit is connected with electric power incoming line, the outfan of described over voltage alarm circuit and overvoltage The input of protection circuit connects, and the outfan of described overvoltage crowbar is connected with the input of current foldback circuit, crosses stream The outfan of protection circuit is connected with the input of regulator rectifier circuit;
Described over voltage alarm circuit includes: resistance (R1), resistance (R2), alarm lamp (L);
First end of resistance (R1) and the first end of resistance (R2) are connected with distributing box electric power incoming line respectively, alarm lamp (L) the first end, the second end of resistance (R1), the second end of resistance (R2) are simultaneously connected with, the second termination of alarm lamp (L) Ground;
Described overvoltage crowbar includes: solid discharging tube one, solid discharging tube two, solid discharging tube three;
The two ends of solid discharging tube two are connected with power line respectively, and solid discharging tube one and solid discharging tube three are connected, and solid is put The junction point ground connection of fulgurite one and solid discharging tube three;
Described current foldback circuit includes: electric fuse one and electric fuse two;Electric fuse one and electric fuse two are separately positioned on power supply On line;
Described regulator rectifier circuit includes: step-down transformer, rectifier bridge, capacitive filter and three terminal regulator, and described blood pressure lowering becomes The voltage input end both sides of depressor connect power line respectively, the voltage output end of described step-down transformer respectively with two friendships of rectifier bridge Stream input connects, and the positive DC outfan of described rectifier bridge is connected with capacitive filter positive pole, the negative pole of described rectifier bridge DC output end is connected with capacitive filter negative pole, the input of described three terminal regulator and sampling end respectively with capacitive filter Positive pole and negative pole connect, and the outfan of described three terminal regulator is connected with by electric loading;Electric fuse one uses resettable fuse; Electric fuse two uses resettable fuse;
Lightning-protection module it is provided with inside high voltage mid-placed cabinet;
Lightning-protection module includes: electric fuse Ffl, lightning protection diode VDfl, varistor YMR, gas-discharge tube QTF;Data process The power supply of device is connected with data processor and varistor YMR the first end respectively by electric fuse Ffl;Data processor Earth terminal one is by lightning protection diode VDfl respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the second end, ground connection and varistor YMR the second end even Connect;The earth terminal two of data processor respectively with gas-discharge tube QTF the first end and grounding connection;
Lightning-protection module parallel connection gas-discharge tube QTF, varistor YMR, lightning protection diode VDfl, present high impedance, once line Road thunderbolt cause transient overvoltage, lightning-protection module can surge protection, play lightning protection effect;
Described magnetic post through walls includes that union body and retaining collar, described retaining collar are fixed on the middle part outer wall of union body, institute Stating union body two ends and be equipped with binding post and insulated ring, described insulated ring is embedded in the inwall of union body, and binding post is fixed on Outside insulated ring, described binding post is provided with wiring hole.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described remote control explosion-proof control box includes: anti-explosion box body, main power supply module;Anti-explosion box body by chamber door, be arranged on explosion-proof The side plate of casing both sides, it is separately positioned on the top board of anti-explosion box body upper and lower sides, base plate and back shaped with what chamber door was oppositely arranged Become tetragonal body structure,
Chamber door is hinged with side plate;Being respectively equipped with hangers at the corner of backboard, be provided with installing plate inside anti-explosion box body, installing plate is fixed On backboard, main power supply module is arranged on a mounting board;
Even on the top board of anti-explosion box body have interface on multiple away from interval, on each, in interface, be installed with explosion-proof flexible pipe, Base plate is even has multiple lower interface away from interval, is coated with down explosion-proof flexible pipe in each of the lower in interface;
The edge of chamber door is even away from being interval with several chamber door screws, and side plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with side plate flanging, top Plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with top board flanging, and base plate and chamber door sticking part are provided with base plate flanging, side plate flanging, top board flanging, the end The flanging screw suitable with chamber door screw it is respectively equipped with on plate flanging;Chamber door screw and spinning bolt in flanging screw, make case Door is pressed together on side plate, top board, base plate respectively;Chamber door is provided with lamp hole, and lamp hole is built with explosion-proof lamp;
Described main power supply module includes: conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, stand-by power supply input terminal, Stand-by power supply outlet terminal, conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator, hands is opened from conversion Closing, manual switching controls switch, wireless communication module and single-chip microcomputer;
Conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal is conventional Power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator, hands controls switch, nothing from permutator, manual switching Line communication module electrically connects with single-chip microcomputer respectively, and single-chip microcomputer is used for obtaining conventional electric power incoming line terminal, conventional power outlet terminal, Stand-by power supply input terminal, stand-by power supply outlet terminal, conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply Display lamp, hands controls the operation information of switch from permutator, manual switching, and described operation information is passed through radio communication mold Block sends to industrial computer and receives the control information that industrial computer sends, and controls main power supply inside modules element and runs;
Described hands is used for making user switch manual switch pattern or auto transformation mode from permutator;
Described manual switching controls switch for when selecting manual switch pattern, switching power supply mode manually;
The square opening for observing main power supply module is offered on chamber door, the implosion guard door that square opening is provided with, explosion-proof glass The circumferential side frame of glass door by the even glass door bolt away from interval by implosion guard door and chamber door compact siro spinning technology, under implosion guard door Side chamber door on be provided with side by side respectively with conventional power work display lamp, stand-by power supply relay indicating light, power supply indicator phase The display lamp of electrical connection, the chamber door below display lamp is provided with the hands being connected from permutator with hands and certainly changes control handle And control, with manual switching, the manual switching knob that switch is connected;
Installing plate is provided with at least four installing hole;Backboard is provided with the screw rod suitable with described installing hole, and screw rod is provided with A pair nut suitable with screw rod, installing hole passes screw rod, and a nut is arranged on the back side of installing plate, and another nut sets Put the front at installing plate, make two nuts be clamped on screw rod by installing plate;
Described main power supply module includes: four switch connecting holes;Four switch connecting holes are arranged on the four of main power supply module Angle, described main power supply module, is connected through four switch connecting holes with installing plate by four bolts correspondence respectively.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that
Chamber door is provided with articulated elements with the articulated section of side plate;Described articulated elements includes: the first hinge, the first fixing hole, the first pin-and-hole, Second hinge, the second fixing hole, the second pin-and-hole and removable pin device, described first hinge be respectively arranged at two ends with the first fixing hole and First pin-and-hole, described first hinge is connected with anti-explosion box body by bolt and the first fixing hole;Described second closes loyal two ends respectively Being provided with the second fixing hole and the second pin-and-hole, described second hinge is connected with anti-explosion box body by bolt and the second fixing hole, described First pin-and-hole and the second pin-and-hole are rotatably connected by removable pin device;
Described removable pin device includes that a couple half shank, annular groove and the spring being oppositely arranged, described half shank one end pass First pin-and-hole of described first hinge also extend into the second pin-and-hole of described second hinge, and the described half shank other end is provided with annular Groove, described spring one end connects described annular groove, and its other end connects outside described first pin-and-hole;Half shank described in a pair Junction is respectively equipped with inner concave conical and taper, and described inner concave conical and taper match.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
High voltage mid-placed cabinet also includes: the busbar that isolation switch is connected with described isolation switch, multiple infrared temperature harvester, Ventilation unit, Zigbee wireless transport module, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module, Humidity Detection mould Block, voice cue module;
Multiple infrared temperature harvesters, ventilation unit, high-low pressure modular converter, high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module, humidity Detection module, voice cue module communicate to connect with industrial computer with by Zigbee wireless transport module respectively;
Each infrared temperature harvester is provided with infrared temperature sensor, voltage-frequency conversion circuit;Infrared temperature sensor infrared Transmitting terminal is arranged on the temperature of each single-phase of isolation switch described in aim detecting and described bus folding position;Infrared emission The infrared ray of end is perpendicular with joint;For the temperature value of detection is transmitted to industrial computer;
Described high-low pressure modular converter is low for using electromagnetic induction principle directly to obtain from the contact of isolation switch or busbar Voltage is that the electricity consumption low voltage component in switch cubicle is powered;
Described ventilation unit is connected with industrial computer by Zigbee wireless transport module, and described industrial computer receives each infrared temperature The detection temperature value of harvester transmission, and detection temperature value is compared with the temperature value preset, when detection temperature value is more than pre- If temperature value time, industrial computer is led in high voltage mid-placed cabinet by Zigbee wireless transport module remote control ventilation device Wind;
Described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is connected with industrial computer, and high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module is for when detection When temperature value is more than the temperature value preset, the sound and light alarm that described high voltage mid-placed cabinet sound and light alarm module sends;
Described humidity detecting module is connected with industrial computer, and humidity detecting module is used for detecting the humidity in high-tension switch cabinet, and will The humidity gathered exports to industrial computer;
High voltage mid-placed cabinet includes cabinet and cabinet door, and cabinet connects with cabinet door hinge;
Include in high voltage mid-placed cabinet: cabinet door is provided with the cabinet door induction module being connected with industrial computer, cabinet door induction module sensing cabinet The on off state of door, and the on off state of cabinet door is sent to industrial computer;Described voice cue module is for working as high voltage mid-placed cabinet Cabinet door when opening, play information of voice prompt;
Described industrial computer is additionally operable to send enabling information by Zigbee wireless transport module to server, and server confirms to open the door Information and for when closing cabinet door, sends to server and closes the door information, the time that server record opens the door, closes the door;
High-low pressure modular converter includes: be arranged on the current transformer on isolation switch or busbar, rectification circuit, filtering voltage regulation electricity Road, DC-DC module;It is connected by reactor between described rectification circuit and current transformer.
The comprehensive electric power system with remotely monitoring the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described industrial computer includes: at data reception module, data extraction module, data resolution module, data judge module, data Reason module, transmission mode arrange module, data memory module, time module, data analysis module, data reinspection module, continue Data message disassembles correction verification module;
Described transmission mode arranges module for arranging high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, opening Close switch board, remote control explosion-proof control box and the host-host protocol of industrial computer;
Described data reception module is used for receiving high voltage mid-placed cabinet, distribution transformer integrated power distribution cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, switch control Cabinet processed, the data message of remote control explosion-proof control box transmission, and the collection data sent are classified;
Described data extraction module is used for, according to the host-host protocol gathered corresponding to data, collection data parsing being become data Layer, According to the corresponding relation between preset data layer and data value, carry out data message extraction;
Described data resolution module for becoming the form of parallel data stream by data Layer serial data data stream separation, according to described The protocol type of data Layer, extracts the frame head in described data Layer and trailer information, by frame head and trailer information and described data The data link layer of layer carries out the data message synchronism output after protocol label translation resolution;Described data resolution module is used for root According to Internet for translation-protocol the network layer protocol of data Layer is resolved, according to the agreement of Internet, data are processed Rear output, simultaneously according to network layer protocol, the data message extracted in the Internet of data Layer exports;Described data parsing Module, for resolving the transport layer of data Layer, is transmitted the protocol analysis of layer according to transport layer protocol to data Layer, according to The agreement of transport layer exports after processing the data corresponding to the transport layer of data Layer;
Described data processing module is for carrying out examination, arrangement by various data, it is provided that each application function is analyzed, add up and Storage, is analyzed the primary data information (pdi) of collection with the threshold value preset, when the data message gathered is beyond threshold value, Send warning information.
CN201610553274.2A 2016-07-14 2016-07-14 A kind of synthesis electric power system with remote monitoring CN106169708B (en)

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CN110499990A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-11-26 国网湖南省电力有限公司 The automatic opening and closing system of intelligent substation prefabricated cabin secondary screen cabinet door

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