CN106167932B - A kind of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106167932B
CN106167932B CN201610665823.5A CN201610665823A CN106167932B CN 106167932 B CN106167932 B CN 106167932B CN 201610665823 A CN201610665823 A CN 201610665823A CN 106167932 B CN106167932 B CN 106167932B
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silver
fibre
cotton
yarn
colored
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CN106167932A (en
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李飞
肖红
胡增祥
于春波
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SHANDONG BINZHOU YAGUANG TOWEL CO Ltd
Quartermaster Research Institute of General Logistics Department of CPLA
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SHANDONG BINZHOU YAGUANG TOWEL CO Ltd
Quartermaster Research Institute of General Logistics Department of CPLA
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • D10B2201/22Cellulose-derived artificial fibres made from cellulose solutions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • D10B2201/22Cellulose-derived artificial fibres made from cellulose solutions
    • D10B2201/24Viscose
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/02Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins
    • D10B2321/022Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins polypropylene
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/10Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of unsaturated nitriles, e.g. polyacrylonitrile, polyvinylidene cyanide
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

The step of the present invention relates to a kind of silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarns and preparation method thereof, belong to textile material technical field, the preparation method is as follows: (1) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;(2) preparation of conventional fibre pre-drawing;(3) preparation of the cotton carding carded sliver is mixed;(4) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn: the mixing cotton carding carded sliver and the conventional fibre carded sliver obtained by step (3) are passed through into drafting type in proportion and carry out drafting processing, it is handled then in turn through fly frame and spinning frame and automatic doffer, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn.Silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn of the invention is controlled by yarn twist factor and spinning process, and silver-colored chelate fibre is made, convenient for ion exchange occurs, to provide fabulous silver ion releasability after meeting water.

Description

A kind of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of yarn and preparation method thereof, in particular to it is a kind of for towel cloth, based on silver chelating Antimicrobial yarn of fiber and preparation method thereof belongs to textile material technical field.
Background technique
The fabric with antibacterial effect is obtained by antimicrobial yarn, and there is sustained anti-microbial, wash resistant, have both good take The advantages that performance is one of common method.Due to plentiful, soft, the fluffy moisture absorption of towel cloth common demands flannelette, because This, mostly uses pure cotton knop cloth to meet pro-skin, fluffy and hygroscopic requirement.In order to meet the pure cotton fabric of towel cloth Characteristic requirements, for antibacterial towel fabric yarn, it is necessary to have: (1) anti-bacterial fibre additional amount as far as possible low, such as not Greater than 2%, so that the effect that fiber does not influence the cotton yarn towel of integral fabric is added;(2) it can satisfy and resist as defined in standard Bacterium index request;(3) it requires fluffy, soft.
Antimicrobial yarn is usually obtained there are two types of mode.One is yarn is impregnated in antibacterial agent to obtain, such as in August, 2014 Disclosed in 6 days, patent publication No. CN103966839A, a kind of entitled Chinese invention patent of the preparation method of antimicrobial yarn Application discloses a kind of preparation method of antimicrobial yarn, which is characterized in that including step are as follows: score meter by weight, in a reservoir Sequence is added: 50-70 parts of water, 11-13 parts of nano silver, 3-5 parts of dimethyl dithiocarbamate, being sufficiently stirred 60 minutes; PH value adjustment agent is added, pH value is adjusted to 7;Nano modified bamboo charcoal yarn is put into container and is sufficiently impregnated 30-50 minutes;It will leaching The yarn that soaks takes out, 75 DEG C at a temperature of dry 55 minutes.Obviously, such preparation method will affect yarn feel, and And it is not wash resistant.
The most frequently used and effective method is using anti-bacterial fibre scribbled.By anti-bacterial fibre and general fibre according to one Certainty ratio is blended to be formed.
Obtain anti-bacterial fibre mode there are several types of:
(1) natural antibacterial fiber.Such as chitin, bamboo fibre, flaxen fiber etc..But the fungistatic effect of this kind of anti-bacterial fibre Generally.
(2) melt spinning method, i.e., by metal, metal oxide or and other antibacterial materials such as nano-Ag particles, Jie Hole basic zirconium phosphate loading nano silvery, silver oxide, zinc oxide, antibacterial nanopowder, metallic copper or zinc and terylene, polyamide fibre 6, polypropylene fibre etc. After resin slicer fusion, blend spinning is obtained.Such as CN103382585A, CN103388192A, CN102851768A, CN102337608A、CN104389038A、CN103184574A、CN104060341A、CN103388191A、 CN102586937A、CN104762684A、CN105019105A、CN105063781A、CN105332085A、 CN105401245A, CN1888160, CN103334175A etc..
(3) wet spinning mixes the pulps such as the antibacterial materials such as nano silver and viscose, and wet spinning obtains, such as CN101440534, CN104047068A, CN104762679A etc..
(4) surface metalation method for sorting.For example metallic silver, copper, zinc etc. are passed through into the methods of chemical plating, magnetron sputtering, Coated on fabric surface, such as silver fiber.
(5) other afterfinish methods.Antimicrobial component is coated on fiber surface, and its coating jail is improved by adhesive etc. Degree;Or the fiber with hole etc. is soaked in antibacterial agent, so that it is adsorbed in fiber.Such as CN101914815A, CN104499229A, CN101302710, CN104727140A, CN105113263A etc..The anti-bacterial fibre of these methods preparation, Not durable or antibacterial effect is limited.
Wherein, the most commonly used is (2), (3) and (4) kinds.But first two method, i.e. melt spinning or wet spinning, it obtains The anti-bacterial fibre obtained, since the antibacterial material of fiber surface is limited, when forming yarn, it is necessary to there are enough contents, such as 50% or more content, this leads to extreme influence of the performance of entire yarn and fabric all by anti-bacterial fibre.Fourth method The fiber of acquisition, such as fiber of common plating silver layer, the silver content on surface are far longer than aforementioned three kinds, only need in the yarn Good anti-microbial property can be realized in less amount, and still, the surface of the fiber is metallic silver, in silver system antibacterial series, antibacterial Performance is worst;And there is phenomena such as being easy discoloration.
And the antimicrobial yarn of existing open report, and using content at least 7% or more anti-bacterial fibre and other fibres Tie up blended acquisition.Such as, disclosed on August 3rd, 2011, patent publication No. CN102168332A, a kind of entitled novel antibacterial The Chinese invention patent application of yarn discloses a kind of novel antibacterial yarn, and the antimicrobial yarn is by nano bamboo-carbon fibre, nano silver Fiber and natural textile fibers are made by specific spinning process, are then obtained by weaving process and dyeing and printing process with antibacterial The cloth of performance.Each ingredient percentage composition proportion of the antimicrobial yarn is as follows: nano bamboo-carbon fibre 10-30, nano silver fibre 10-30, natural textile fibers 40-80.Disclosed on April 16th, 2014, patent publication No. CN103726155A, entitled one The Chinese invention patent application of the nice and cool antimicrobial yarn of kind jade fiber SEILE textile and its spinning process discloses a kind of jade fiber SEILE textile is felt nice and cool antimicrobial yarn and its spinning process, and jade fiber which is 30~50% by weight percent, 25~ 35% bamboo fibre, 25~35% Modal composition, passes through SEILE textile technique spun yarn for above-mentioned fiber.In December, 2013 Disclosed in 4 days, patent publication No. CN103422211A, the spinning antimicrobial yarn of entitled multi-fiber colour mixture half and its spinning process Chinese invention patent application discloses a kind of spinning antibacterial yarn of multi-fiber colour mixture half, it is 20~40% coffee carbons by weight percent Fiber, 20~25%porel fiber, 25~35% Modal fibre pass through half spinning technique spun yarn.September 9 in 2015 Day disclosed, number of patent application CN2015102912694, a kind of entitled Chinese invention of the production technology of antimicrobial yarn are special Benefit application discloses a kind of production technology of antimicrobial yarn, selects nano bamboo-carbon fibre 18~22%, nano silver fibre 7~9%, Natural plant fibre 69~75% forms.Disclosed on October 29th, 2008, it is patent publication No. CN101294324, entitled The Chinese invention patent application of the preparation method of multi-component antimicrobial yarn discloses the preparation method of multi-component antimicrobial yarn, will weigh Measure the crotalaria sp for the Amicor and 20~40% that part is 20~40%, 30~50% bamboo fibre composition.On April 16th, 2014 is open , in patent publication No. CN103726157A, a kind of entitled aloe viscose siro-spinning antibacterial yarns and spinning technology thereof State's invention patent application discloses a kind of aloe viscose siro-spinning antibacterial yarns and spinning technology thereof, and the yarn is by weight percent For 30~50% aloe viscose rayon, 25~35% cotton fiber, 25~35% Modal composition passes through above-mentioned fiber SEILE textile spun yarn.Disclosed on 2 3rd, 2016, patent publication No. CN105297233A, a kind of entitled towel be with super The Chinese invention patent application of the production method of the antimicrobial yarn of low twist discloses a kind of antibacterial yarn of ultralow twist of towel The production method of line, including mixing in doubling step, spinning process;Produce a kind of bamboo fabric antibiotic yarn.
Now, for obtain cotton fiber content 98% or more and with fabulous anti-microbial property antibacterial towel yarn, remove Outside the silver fiber of coating surface silver layer, the antimicrobial yarn and anti-bacterial fibre of aforementioned report be difficult to meet the requirements.
However, the silver on silver plated fiber surface is metal simple-substance silver, and there is color, is oxidized easily;Silver layer is in fiber table Face, in use process, as long as contact skin, will have bactericidal effect, destruction is also had to normal bacteria.Therefore, and pay no attention to Think.
Therefore it provides the towel yarn of a kind of pro-skin sense for having both cotton towels and long acting antibiotic performance just becomes the technology Field technical problem urgently to be solved.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one kind do not influence yarn main fibre performance, it is controllable, there is durable antibiotic The Towel Yarn line of performance.
Above-mentioned purpose of the invention reaches by the following technical programs:
A kind of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the yarn contains 0.2 weight of weight %~3 % Silver-colored chelate fibre, surplus is conventional fibre.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the silver-colored chelate fibre refers to that matrix fiber is chitosan, poly- third The co-blended spinning fiber of alkene nitrile, cellulose fibre and/or vinal, and chelated in silver-colored chelate fibre the amount of silver 3~ 20 weight %;3~10 weight % of further preferred content.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the conventional fibre be cotton, fiber crops, viscose, tencel, acrylic fibers, terylene or All fibers that can be used for towel cloth such as polypropylene fibre, preferably cotton fiber.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the twist factor of the yarn controls within 540;The silver of yarn contains Amount is not less than 60ppm (preferably 3000ppm or less);After yarn encounters the water with ion, there is fabulous silver ion release property Can, the silver ion release after meeting water is not less than 0.1ppm/ days.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the twist factor, in conjunction with the feel and plucking rate of towel, into one Step preferably 247~379.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the silver content of the yarn, it is contemplated that cost performance, further preferably 100~300ppm.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of preparation methods of above-mentioned Towel Yarn line.
Above-mentioned purpose of the invention reaches by the following technical programs:
A kind of preparation method of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn, its step are as follows:
(1) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing
Silver-colored chelate fibre through blowing, cotton carding, it is pre- simultaneously, obtain silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
(2) preparation of conventional fibre pre-drawing
Conventional fibre successively passes through griping cotton machine, mixed cotton slitter, opener, the processing of cotton blender machine lapper, and it is pre- to obtain conventional fibre Drafting;
(3) preparation of the cotton carding carded sliver is mixed
Conventional fibre pre-drawing obtained by silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing obtained by step (1) and step (2) is pressed on carding machine According to weight ratio (silver-colored chelate fibre content 0.2%-3%, cotton fiber content 97%-99.8%) processing, it is raw to obtain mixing cotton carding Item;Or ratio carries out drafting processing on drafting type by weight;
(4) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn
The mixing cotton carding carded sliver and the conventional fibre carded sliver obtained by step (3) are passed through drafting type in proportion to carry out at drafting Reason handles then in turn through fly frame and spinning frame and automatic doffer, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: blowing described in the step (1), cotton carding, pre- and three process Specific steps are as follows: silver-colored chelate fibre blowing is mixed using double hopper, and the comprehensive Beater Speed of raw cotton is set as 700~900 revs/min, Silver-colored chelate fibre is quantification of 350~400 grams ms coiled, and 380~450 grams ms of conventional fibre cotton rolling quantity, to turn convenient for fiber It moves, reduces the damage to fiber and generate short flannel, it is 750~950 revs/min that carding step licker-in speed, which spins silver-colored chelate fibre, cylinder- Licker-in speed ratio 2:1~2.5:1.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: the preparation of pre-drawing described in the step (1) and (2): silver chelating Fiber and conventional fibre are all made of Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, reasonable Pullin performances, suitably reduction sliver exporting speed, drafting multiple It is 6.5~8.5 times, pre- and 13~26 grams/5 meters quantitative.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: drafting described in the step (3) or step (4): it is fed using 8 Enter to carry out drafting, 20~28 grams/5 meters quantitative, shaping linear velocity is 250 ms/min or less;Wherein, the 6 conventional fibre carded slivers, 2 Root mixes the cotton carding carded sliver.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: drafting preferably 2~5 described in the step (3) or step (4) Road, further preferred 2~3.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: three described in the step (3) or step (4) are as follows: slubbing arrangement Are as follows: the conventional fibre carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, the mixing cotton carding carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, mixing cotton carding The carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver;Quantification of 18 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 16 grams/5 meters, extreme trace is quantitative It is 230 ms/min for 16 grams/5 meters, shaping linear velocity;Roller table is away from 8 × 16mm.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: silver chelate fibre pre-drawing described in the step (3) quantifies 15g/ 5 meters~25g/5 meters, quantification of 18 grams/5 meters~30g/5 meters of conventional fibre pre-drawing.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: cotton carding weight of card sliver 15~28 is mixed described in the step (4) Grams m;Conventional fibre weight of card sliver is 18 grams/5 meters~30g/5 meters.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: Roving Frames described in the step (4): using the double skins of three rollers It encloses drawing-off and spins rove, increase roving twist factor under the premise of spun yarn not harmful drafting, the turn pair in spun yarn drafting can be enhanced The control action of fiber is conducive to eliminate straightening of fibers crotch, 5~9 grams/10 meters of regular roving feeding, and roller gauge 23.5 × 29.5;Rove requires twist factor 65~115.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: spinning process described in the step (4): by using lesser Nip gauge block can enhance the control action in drafting process to fiber, improve the generation that part cotton knot is eliminated while item is done, Spinning count 60S~10S, nip gauge block 20~4.0, within twist factor 540.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: twist factor described in the step (4), in conjunction with the feel of towel And plucking rate, further preferred 247~379.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: silver chelate fibre described in the step (1) refers to that matrix fiber is Chitosan, polyacrylonitrile, cellulose fibre and/or vinal co-blended spinning fiber, and chelated in silver-colored chelate fibre The amount of silver is 3~30%;Further preferred content 5~15%.
A kind of optimal technical scheme, it is characterised in that: conventional fibre described in the step (1) is cotton, fiber crops, viscose, day All fibers that can be used for towel cloth such as silk, acrylic fibers, terylene or polypropylene fibre, preferably cotton fiber.
The advantages of silver chelate fibre durable antibiotic towel yarn of the invention:
1, other anti-bacterial fibre needs are avoided as antimicrobial component using efficient, safe, controllable silver-colored chelate fibre A large amount of additions, the disadvantage that antibacterial effect is undesirable, uncontrollable realize and have both conventional towel yarn property feature and persistently resist Bacterium effect.
2, using first item, volume the premix compound mixed and mode that drafting mixes again, so that trace silver chelate fibre is uniformly distributed In yarn, the uniformity of contact sterilization is improved.
3, it is controlled by yarn twist factor and spinning process, makes silver-colored chelate fibre after meeting water convenient for ion exchange occurs, Fabulous silver ion releasability is provided.
Silver-colored chelate fibre antimicrobial yarn of the invention and preparation method thereof is using the silver-colored chelate fibre of micro addition, by special Silver mixing and blended weave, obtain cotton/silver chelate fibre scribbled, for towel cloth, have both the pro-skin sense of cotton towels With long acting antibiotic performance.
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described, but is not meant to the scope of the present invention Limitation.Unless stated otherwise, raw materials used in the present invention is the commercially available raw material in this field, technique used and is set Standby is this field common process and equipment.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The long-staple cotton fiber (U.S.'s pima, similarly hereinafter) of silver the chelating chitin fiber and 99.8 weight % of 0.2 weight % Blended composition antimicrobial yarn, yarn twist factor are 390, yarn count 60s, yarn twist 125t/dm.Yarn silver content is 400ppm。
1, process flow
A, silver chelating chitin fiber (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 of 20 weight % of silver content is grabbed Cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → The pre- simultaneously machine of FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper obtains cotton fiber cotton roll B;
C, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the cotton fiber carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing and B: cotton fiber cotton roll is handled on FA201 carding machine, and it is mixed to obtain cotton silver Symphysis item;
E, C: the cotton fiber carded sliver is with D: the cotton silver mixing carded sliver is handled on (three) on FA304 drafting type, then Successively by → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer, the silver-colored chelate fibre of 0.2 weight % is obtained With long-staple cotton fiber (U.S.'s pima, similarly hereinafter) blended antibacterial yarn of 99.8 weight %.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, Spin silver chelating chitin fiber when be set as 820 revs/min, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, reduce network cotton amount, silver-colored chelate fibre at Roll up quantification of 380 grams ms, 400 grams ms of cotton rolling quantity;
Cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelating chitin fiber, 1070 when thorn rod speed spins cotton Rev/min, spinning silver chelating chitin fiber is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: spinning cotton 1.7:1, pure spinning silver chelating chitosan is fine 2.2:1 when dimension, it is therefore an objective to it is convenient for fibre migration, reduces the damage to fiber and generate short flannel, it is quantitative: silver chelating chitin fiber 20g/5 meters;Cotton fiber/silver chelating chitin fiber is 15 grams ms quantitative;Cotton fiber is 20g/5 meters quantification of.Part gauge is not according to Make different adjustment with fiber;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver chelating chitin fiber uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure Stick spacing block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to which the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings are quantitative It is 20 grams/5 meters;
Drafting: to ensure that mixing ratio reaches requirement using 8 feedings (6 cotton carded slivers, 2 cotton silver carded slivers), slubbing arrangement Are as follows: cotton, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton;Quantification of 18 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 16 grams/5 meters, extreme trace is quantitative It is 230 ms/min for 16 grams/5 meters, shaping linear velocity;Roller table is away from 8 × 16 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 4.2g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, sieve Draw gauge by 23.5 × 31 (mm) of former pure cotton, main to consider 0.2% silver medal chelate fibre length, the free fibre of control in drawing-off is pressed Dimension, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 100;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 47.83 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.30 times, nip gauge 2.0, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 21 (mm), twist factor 390;
(3), winder: winding procedure uses the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed ".Broken end is reduced in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect.In order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 900 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 2:
0.3% silver-colored chelate fibre (polyacrylonitrile) and blended constitute of 99.7% long-staple cotton fiber (U.S.'s pima) resist Bacterium yarn.Yarn twist factor is 380, yarn count 40s, yarn twist 99t/dm.Yarn silver content is 450ppm.
1, process flow
A, the silver-colored chelate fibre (polyacrylonitrile) (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) of 15 weight % of silver content → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 The pre- simultaneously machine of carding machine → FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper, obtains cotton fiber cotton roll;
C, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the cotton fiber carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing and B: cotton fiber cotton roll is handled on FA201 carding machine, and it is mixed that cotton silver is made Symphysis item;
E, C: the cotton fiber carded sliver+D: the cotton silver mixing carded sliver → FA304 drafting type (three) → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer obtains 0.3% silver-colored chelate fibre (polyacrylonitrile) and 99.7% long-staple cotton Fiber blend antimicrobial yarn.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, It is set as 820 revs/min when spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantitative in rolls It is 380 grams ms, 400 grams ms of cotton rolling quantity, cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth, thorn rod speed using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelating acrylic fibers 1070 revs/min when degree spins cotton, spinning silver chelating acrylic fibers is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: spinning cotton 1.7:1, pure spinning silver chelating is fine 2.2:1 when dimension, it is therefore an objective to it is convenient for fibre migration, reduces the damage to fiber and generate short flannel, it is quantitative: silver-colored chelate fibre 20g/5 meters; Cotton fiber/silver chelate fibre is 14.5 grams ms quantitative;Cotton fiber is 20g/5 meters quantification of, and part gauge is made different according to different fibers Adjustment;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, and 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings quantification of 20 Gram/5 meters;
Drafting: to ensure that mixing ratio reaches requirement using 8 feedings (5 cotton carded slivers, 3 cotton silver carded slivers), slubbing arrangement Are as follows: cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver, cotton;Quantification of 20 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 20 grams/5 meters, extreme trace is fixed Amount is 20 grams/5 meters, shaping linear velocity is 230 ms/min;Roller table is away from 8 × 16 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 5.5g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, sieve Draw gauge by 23.5 × 31 (mm) of former pure cotton, main to consider 0.3% silver medal chelate fibre length, the free fibre of control in drawing-off is pressed Dimension, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 102;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 42.01 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.30 times, nip gauge 2.5, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 21 (mm), twist factor 380;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect, in order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1000 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 3:
The silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) of 0.4 weight % and the long-staple cotton fiber (U.S.'s pima) of 99.6 weight % Blended composition antimicrobial yarn, yarn twist factor are 356, yarn count 28s, yarn twist 78t/dm.Yarn silver content is 400ppm.
1, process flow
A, silver-colored chelate fibre (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 griping cotton machine of 10 weight % of silver content → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → FA304 Pre- and machine, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper, obtains cotton fiber cotton roll;
C, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the cotton fiber carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre simultaneously+B in advance: cotton fiber cotton roll → FA201 carding machine obtains the cotton silver mixing carded sliver;
E, C: the cotton fiber carded sliver+D: the cotton silver mixing carded sliver → FA304 drafting type (three) → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer obtains the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) and 99.6 weights of 0.4 weight % Measure long-staple cotton fiber (U.S.'s pima) blended antibacterial yarn of %.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, It is set as 820 revs/min when spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantitative in rolls It is 380 grams ms, 400 grams ms of cotton rolling quantity, cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth, thorn rod speed using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelate fibre 1070 revs/min when degree spins cotton, spinning silver-colored chelate fibre is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: spinning cotton 1.7:1, pure spinning silver chelating is fine 2.2:1 when dimension, it is therefore an objective to it is convenient for fibre migration, reduces the damage to fiber and generate short flannel, it is quantitative: silver-colored chelate fibre 20g/5 meters; Cotton fiber/silver chelate fibre is 16 grams ms quantitative;Cotton fiber is 20g/5 meters quantification of, and part gauge makees the not people having the same aspiration and interest according to different fibers It is whole;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver chelating acrylic fibers use Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, and 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings quantification of 20 Gram/5 meters;
Drafting: to ensure that mixing ratio reaches requirement using eight feedings (4 cotton carded slivers, 4 cotton silver carded slivers), slubbing arrangement Are as follows: cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver;Quantification of 20 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 20 grams/5 meters, extreme trace Quantification of 20 grams/5 meters, shaping linear velocity be 230 ms/min;Roller table is away from 8 × 16 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 7g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller 23.5 × 31 (mms) of the gauge by former pure cotton, main to consider 0.4% silver medal chelate fibre length, the free fibre of control in drawing-off is pressed Dimension, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 100;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 37.42 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.3 times, nip gauge 3.0, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 21 (mm), twist factor 356;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect, in order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1100 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 4:
(the co-blended spinning fiber of cellulose fiber peacekeeping vinal, ratio are the silver-colored chelate fibre of 0.5 weight % 60/40) and the long-staple cotton fiber of 99.5 weight % (U.S.'s pima) blended composition antimicrobial yarn, yarn twist factor are 344, yarn Branch 24s, yarn twist 70t/dm.Yarn silver content is 150ppm.
1, process flow
A, 3 weight % of silver content silver-colored chelate fibre (the co-blended spinning fiber of cellulose fiber peacekeeping vinal, than Example is 60/40, Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener The pre- simultaneously machine of machine → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper, obtains cotton fiber cotton roll;
C, cotton fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the cotton fiber carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre simultaneously+B in advance: cotton fiber cotton roll → FA201 carding machine obtains the cotton silver mixing carded sliver;
E, C: the cotton fiber carded sliver+D: the cotton silver mixing carded sliver → FA304 drafting type (three) → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer obtains silver-colored chelate fibre (the cellulose fiber peacekeeping polyvinyl alcohol fibre of 0.5 weight % 60/40) and the long-staple cotton fiber blended antibacterial yarn of 99.5 weight % the co-blended spinning fiber of dimension, ratio are.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, It is set as 820 revs/min when spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantitative in rolls It is 380 grams ms, 400 grams ms of cotton rolling quantity, cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth, thorn rod speed using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelate fibre 1070 revs/min when degree spins cotton, spinning silver-colored chelate fibre is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: spinning cotton 1.7:1, pure spinning silver chelating is fine 2.2:1 when dimension.Purpose is easy for fibre migration, reduces the damage to fiber and generates short flannel, quantitative: silver-colored chelate fibre 20g/5 meters; Cotton fiber/silver chelate fibre is 24 grams ms quantitative;Cotton fiber is 23.5g/5 meters quantification of, and part gauge is made different according to different fibers Adjustment;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, and 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings quantification of 20 Gram/5 meters;
Drafting: to ensure that mixing ratio reaches requirement using eight feedings (4 cotton carded slivers, 4 cotton silver carded slivers), slubbing arrangement Are as follows: cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver, cotton, cotton silver;Quantification of 23.5 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 23.5 grams/5 meters, Quantification of 23.5 grams/5 meters of extreme trace, shaping linear velocity are 250 ms/min;Roller table is away from 5 × 10 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 8g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller 23.5 × 31 (mms) of the gauge by former pure cotton, main to consider 0.4% silver medal chelate fibre length, the free fibre of control in drawing-off is pressed Dimension, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 105;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 36.95 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.3 times, nip gauge 3.0, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 21 (mm), twist factor 344;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect, in order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1000 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 5:
The long-staple cotton (U.S.'s pima) of the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) of 0.2 weight % and 70.8 weight %, 29 The flax fiber blending of weight % constitutes antimicrobial yarn, yarn count 21s, and yarn twist factor is 342, yarn twist 65t/dm.Yarn Silver content is 60ppm.
1, process flow and mixing
A, the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) of 3 weight % of silver content → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 The pre- simultaneously machine of carding machine → FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, fiber crops (flaxen fibers of 29 weight %), cotton (U.S.'s pimas of 70.8 weight %) fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper, obtains cotton, fiber crops Mixing volume;
C, (its ratio is also 29 weight % for flaxen fiber, cotton fiber;70.8 weight %) → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A is mixed Opener → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains Cotton, hackle cotton mix the carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing+B: cotton, fiber crops mixing volume → FA201 carding machine obtain numb, cotton, the silver mixing carded sliver;
E, C: cotton, hackle cotton mix the carded sliver+D: fiber crops, cotton, the silver mixing carded sliver → FA304 drafting type (three) → FA456 Fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer, obtain 0.2 weight % silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) and The long-staple cotton (U.S.'s pima) of 70.8 weight %, 29% flaxen fiber blended antibacterial yarn.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, It is set as 820 revs/min when spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantitative in rolls It is 380 grams ms, linen-cotton volume is 400 grams ms quantitative, and cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelate fibre, pierces rod 1070 revs/min when speed spins linen-cotton, spinning silver-colored chelate fibre is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: spinning cotton 1.7:1, the silver-colored chela of pure spinning 2.2:1 when condensating fiber.Purpose is easy for fibre migration, reduces the damage to fiber and generates short flannel.It is quantitative: silver-colored chelate fibre 20g/ 5 meters;Cotton, fiber crops, silver-colored chelate fibre are 15 grams/5 meters quantitative;Part gauge has made different adjustment according to different fibers;(silver lap mixing)
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to the control of reinforcing fibre, 250 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, and 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings quantification of 20 Gram/5 meters;
Drafting: to ensure that mixing ratio reaches requirement using eight feedings, slubbing arrangement are as follows: linen-cotton, linen-cotton, linen-cotton silver, cotton Fiber crops, linen-cotton, linen-cotton silver, linen-cotton, linen-cotton;Quantification of 23 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 22.5 grams/5 meters, extreme traces quantification of 22 Gram/5 meters, shaping linear velocity be 250 ms/min;Roller table is away from 8 × 16 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 8g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller Gauge is by 26.5 × 32 (mm) of former pure cotton, and main to consider 0.5% silver medal chelate fibre fibre length, control is free in drawing-off is pressed Fiber, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 100;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 32.16 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.25 times, nip gauge 4.0, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 26 (mm), twist factor 343;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect.In order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1100 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 6:
The silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) of 1.3 weight % and the polyester fiber blended yarn of 98.7 weight %, yarn count 16s, yarn twist 48t/dm, twist factor 290.Yarn silver content is 600ppm.
1, process flow
A, silver-colored chelate fibre (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 griping cotton machine of 20 weight % of silver content → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → FA304 Pre- and machine, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, polyester fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the terylene cotton carding carded sliver;
C, A: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing+B: the terylene cotton carding carded sliver → terylene, silver-colored chelate fibre simultaneously → FA304 drawing frame in advance (3) → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer, obtains the silver-colored chelate fibre of 1.3 weight % The polyester fiber blended yarn of (cellulose fibre) and 98.7 weight %.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, comprehensive Beater Speed be set as when spinning terylene 820 turns/ It is set as 820 revs/min when dividing, spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, and silver-colored chelate fibre is coiled Quantification of 380 grams ms.Terylene volume is 400 grams ms quantitative;
Cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelate fibre, 835 revs/min when thorn rod speed spinning is washed, spinning Silver-colored chelate fibre is 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: 2.2:1 is washed in spinning, 2.2:1 when pure spinnings silver chelate fibre, it is therefore an objective to be convenient for Fibre migration reduces the damage to fiber and generates short flannel, quantitative: 22.0g/5 meters of the silver-colored chelate fibre carded sliver;Terylene weight of card sliver is 25 grams/5 meters;Part gauge makees different adjustment according to different fibers;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 20 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.5, it is therefore an objective to which the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, 8.15 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings are quantification of 21.6 grams/5 meters;
Silver washs pre-drawing: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing, the terylene carded sliver first it is pre- simultaneously, it is ensured that blending rate is accurate, slubbing cotton Item arrangement are as follows: wash, wash, washing, silver, wash, wash, washing;7 with feeding, 23.5 meters quantification of (being known as washing silver bar);Then silver is washed with 1 Item is washed the carded sliver with 7 and three times and close;
Slubbing washs silver and washs arrangement are as follows: washs, washs, washing, washing, washs silver, wash, wash, washing;8 with feeding.Slubbing, two, it is three equal It is 230 ms/min for quantification of 23.5 Mick/5 meter, shaping linear velocity;Roller table is away from 10 × 20 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 8g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller 23.5 × 29.5 (mms) of the gauge by former pure cotton, main to consider 1.5% silver medal chelate fibre length, the free fibre of control in drawing-off is pressed Dimension, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 68;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 24.56 times, presses drawing-off afterwards It is 1.38 times, nip gauge 4.5, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 26 (mm), twist factor 290;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect, in order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1200 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 7:
The blended composition antibacterial yarn of polypropylene fiber of the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) and 99.8 weight % of 0.2 weight % Line, yarn count 14s, yarn twist 44t/dm, twist factor 285.Yarn silver content is 230ppm.
1, process flow
A, silver-colored chelate fibre (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 griping cotton machine of 11.5 weight % of silver content → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → The pre- simultaneously machine of FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, polypropylene fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper obtains polypropylene fibre volume;
C, polypropylene fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine;Obtain the polypropylene fibre carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre simultaneously+B in advance: polypropylene fibre volume → FA201 carding machine obtains polypropylene fibre, silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
E, C: the polypropylene fibre carded sliver+D: polypropylene fibre, silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing → FA304 drafting type (three) → FA456 rove Machine → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO automatic doffer, obtains the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) and 99.8 of 0.2 weight % The polypropylene fiber blended antibacterial yarn of weight %.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, comprehensive Beater Speed is set when spinning polypropylene fibre, silver-colored chelate fibre It is set to 820 revs/min, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces the amount of falling, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantification of 380 grams ms coiled, polypropylene fibre volume It is 400 grams ms quantitative;
Cotton carding avoids filling needle cloth using metallic card clothing Processing Ag chelate fibre, and thorn rod speed spins polypropylene fibre, silver-colored chelate fibre When 835 revs/min, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio: 2.2:1, pure spinning purpose are easy for fibre migration, reduce the damage to fiber generate it is short Suede, it is quantitative: 20 grams/5 meters of silver-colored chelate fibre;Quantification of 20 grams 5 meters of polypropylene fibre;Polypropylene fibre, the quantification of 15 grams of 5 meters of parts of silver-colored chelate fibre Gauge makees different adjustment according to different fibers;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, and 8 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings quantification of 20 Gram/5 meters;
The polypropylene fiber carded sliver and third, the silver-colored carded sliver it is pre- and after, merge through three to ensure that blending rate is accurate;Pre-drawing arrangement Are as follows: the third, third, third silver medal, the third, third, third silver medal, third, third;8 with feeding, and quantification of 23.5 meters;
Slubbing, two, three are 8 feedings, and quantification of 23.5 Mick/5 meter, shaping linear velocity are 230 ms/min; Roller table is away from 12 × 20 (mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 8g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller Gauge is by 23.5 × 29.5 (mm) of former pure cotton, and main to consider 2% silver medal chelate fibre fibre length, control is free in drawing-off is pressed Fiber, roving twist factor is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 70;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 21.5 times, and rear pressure drawing-off is 1.25 times, nip gauge 4.5, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 26 (mm), twist factor 303;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect.In order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1200 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Embodiment 8:
The silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) of 3 weight % and long-staple cotton (U.S.'s pima), 47 weights of 50 weight % Measure the blended composition antimicrobial yarn of polypropylene fiber of %, yarn count 12s, yarn twist 40t/dm, twist factor 278.Yarn silver content For 302ppm.
1, process flow
A, silver-colored chelate fibre (Foshan You Te medical science and technology Co., Ltd) → FA002 griping cotton machine of 11.5 weight % of silver content → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine → The pre- simultaneously machine of FA304, obtains silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
B, cotton fiber (long-staple cotton) → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type is opened Cotton machine → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the cotton fiber cotton carding carded sliver;
C, polypropylene fiber → FA002 griping cotton machine → FA016A mixed cotton slitter → FA034 opener → FA106 type opener → FA092 cotton blender machine → FA076E lapper → FA201 carding machine, obtains the polypropylene fibre cotton carding carded sliver;
D, A: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing+B: the cotton fiber cotton carding carded sliver → cotton, silver-colored chelate fibre simultaneously → FA304 drawing frame in advance (3), cotton, silver-colored pre-drawing are obtained;
E, D, cotton, silver-colored pre-drawing+C: the polypropylene fibre cotton carding carded sliver → FA456 fly frame → FA507 type spinning frame → SAVIO is automatic Doffer obtains the silver-colored chelate fibre (cellulose fibre) of 3 weight % and long-staple cotton (U.S.'s pima), 47 weights of 50 weight % Measure the polypropylene fiber blended antibacterial yarn of %.
2, concrete technology condition is as follows:
(1) blowing, cotton carding: being mixed, two opening or cleaning points using double hopper, and hired roughneck's pattern is three-arm combined beater, was hit It is more, fibre damage can be made and generate kink, implement more loose tip-tap techniques, raw cotton Beater Speed be set as when spinning cotton 1000 revs/min, It is set as 820 revs/min when spinning silver-colored chelate fibre, polypropylene fibre, dirt stick interval distance minimizes, and reduces network cotton amount, silver-colored chelate fibre Quantification of 380 grams ms coiled, polypropylene fibre volume is 400 grams ms 420 grams ms of cotton rolling quantity quantitative, and cotton carding uses metallic card clothing Processing Ag Chelate fibre avoids filling needle cloth, 1070 revs/min when thorn rod speed spins cotton, spins silver-colored chelate fibre, polypropylene fibre is 835 revs/min.Tin Woods-licker-in speed ratio: cotton 1.7:1,2.2:1 when pure spinning silver chelates acrylic fibers, polypropylene fibre, it is therefore an objective to be convenient for fibre migration, reduce to fibre are spun The damage of dimension generates short flannel;It is quantitative: acrylic fibers 22.0g/5 meters of silver chelating, quantification of 25 grams/5 meters of polypropylene fibre, pure cotton quantification of 25 grams/5 Rice;Part gauge has made different adjustment according to different fibers;
(2) simultaneously, slightly, Xi Gongxu:
Silver is pre- simultaneously: silver-colored chelate fibre uses Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, and roller table is away from 10 × 18 (mm), pressure bar gauge Block is 3.0, it is therefore an objective to which the control of reinforcing fibre, 230 ms/min of shaping linear velocity, 8.15 times of drafting multiple, 8 feedings are quantification of 21.6 grams/5 meters;
Cotton, silver-colored drafting: silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing, the cotton carded sliver three merge to ensure that blending rate is accurate, slubbing sliver Arrangement are as follows: cotton, cotton, cotton, silver, cotton, cotton, cotton;7 with feeding, and quantification of 23.5 meters;(referred to as cotton silver);
Slubbing sliver is arranged as (3 cottons, 3 polypropylene fibre, 2 cotton silver): cotton, third, cotton silver, cotton, third, cotton silver, cotton, third;8 with Feeding, slubbing, two, three be quantification of 23.5 Mick/5 meter, shaping linear velocity are 230 ms/min;Roller table away from: 12 ×18(mm);
Rove: use three roller double-apron draftings, for ensure adapt to spun yarn drafting multiple, 8g/10 meters of regular roving feeding, roller Gauge: 26.5 × 31 (mm), it is main to consider that 3% silver medal chelates acrylic fiber length, wandering fibre is controlled in drawing-off is pressed, rove is twisted Coefficient is according to fibre length, the conditional decisions such as spinning frame back zone technique, using 70;
Spun yarn: reaching design requirement according to regular roving feeding and spun spun yarn, and mechanical commutation draft is 18.4 times, and rear pressure drawing-off is 1.25 times, nip gauge 4.5, V-type drawing-off, surface of roller is away from being adjusted to 19 × 26 (mm), twist factor 278;
(3) winder: winding procedure reduces broken end using the technological principle of " small tension receiving coil, low speed " in order to reduce filoplume Number, the speed of setting is relatively low, and tension is less than normal, and electronic yarn clearer is condenser type, improves air splicer joint efficiency, reduces yarn Defect, in order to guarantee yarn strength and resurgence, workshop temperature control at 28 DEG C~32 DEG C, relative humidity control 65%~75% it Between, 1100 ms/min of winder speed designs can preferably take into account the quality of production efficiency and cylinder yarn.
Existing silver-containing antibacterial product is realized by the fiber of final finishing or electroplate.Wherein, the former intolerant to Long and always in fabric surface;The latter is durable, always exists fiber surface, containing metallic luster, is not able to satisfy towel cloth pair The requirement of color and feel.Silver-colored chelate fibre of the invention, silver ion can only discharge simultaneously when encountering liquid water Antibacterial, the silver ion release after meeting water are not less than 0.1ppm/ days.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of preparation method of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn, its step are as follows:
(1) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing
Silver-colored chelate fibre through blowing, cotton carding, it is pre- simultaneously, obtain silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing;
(2) preparation of conventional fibre pre-drawing
Conventional fibre successively passes through griping cotton machine, mixed cotton slitter, opener, the processing of cotton blender machine lapper, obtains conventional fibre pre-drawing;
(3) preparation of the cotton carding carded sliver is mixed
By conventional fibre pre-drawing obtained by silver-colored chelate fibre pre-drawing obtained by step (1) and step (2) in proportion on carding machine Processing obtains the mixing cotton carding carded sliver, or carries out drafting processing on drafting type in proportion;
(4) preparation of silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn
The mixing cotton carding carded sliver and the conventional fibre carded sliver obtained by step (3) are passed through into drafting type in proportion and carry out drafting processing, so Silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn successively is obtained by fly frame and the processing of spinning frame and automatic doffer afterwards;
Drafting described in the step (3) or step (4): drafting is carried out using 8 feedings, 20~28 grams/5 meters quantitative, shaping Linear velocity is 250 ms/min or less;Wherein, 6 conventional fibre carded slivers, 2 mixing cotton carding carded slivers;
Drafting described in the step (3) or step (4) is three: slubbing arrangement are as follows: the conventional fibre carded sliver, conventional fibre are raw Item, the mixing cotton carding carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, mixing the cotton carding carded sliver, the conventional fibre carded sliver, conventional fibre The carded sliver;Quantification of 18 grams/5 meters of slubbing;Two quantification of 16 grams/5 meters, quantification of 16 grams/5 meters of extreme trace, shaping linear velocity are 230 ms/min;Roller table is away from 8 × 16mm;
Silver chelate fibre pre-drawing described in the step (3) quantifies 15g/5 meters~25g/5 meters, and conventional fibre pre-drawing is quantitative It is 18 grams/5 meters~30g/5 meters;
15~28 grams ms of cotton carding weight of card sliver are mixed described in the step (4);Conventional fibre weight of card sliver be 18 grams/5 meters~ 30g/5 meters;
Roving Frames described in the step (4): rove, regular roving feeding 5~9 grams/10 are spinned using three roller double-apron draftings Rice, roller gauge 23.5 × 29.5;Rove requires twist factor 65~115;Spinning process in the step (4): spinning count 60S ~10S, nip gauge block 20~4.0, within twist factor 540.
2. the preparation method of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step (1) blowing described in, cotton carding, pre- and three process specific steps are as follows: silver-colored chelate fibre blowing is mixed using double hopper, raw cotton Comprehensive Beater Speed is set as 700~900 revs/min, and silver-colored chelate fibre is quantification of 350~400 grams ms coiled, conventional fibre cotton Volume is 380~450 grams ms quantitative, and it is 750~950 revs/min that carding step licker-in speed, which spins silver-colored chelate fibre, cylinder-licker-in speed ratio 2:1~2.5:1.
3. the preparation method of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step (1) and the preparation of pre-drawing described in (2): silver-colored chelate fibre and conventional fibre are all made of Three Up Three Down Prass-bar draft, rationally Pullin performances, suitably reduction sliver exporting speed, it is 6.5~8.5 times of drafting multiple, pre- and 13~26 grams/5 meters quantitative.
4. the silver-colored chela of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to any one of claim 1-3 Condensating fiber antibacterial towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the yarn contains the silver-colored chelate fibre of 0.2 weight of weight %~3 %, surplus For conventional fibre.
5. the silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 4 Towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the silver-colored chelate fibre refers to that matrix fiber is chitosan, polyacrylonitrile, cellulose fibre And/or the co-blended spinning fiber of vinal, and the amount of silver is chelated in 3~20 weight % in silver-colored chelate fibre.
6. the silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 5 Towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the amount that silver is chelated in silver-colored chelate fibre is 3~15 weight %.
7. the silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 4 Towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the conventional fibre is cotton, fiber crops, viscose, acrylic fibers, terylene or polypropylene fibre.
8. the silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 4 Towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the twist factor of the yarn controls within 540;The silver content of yarn is not less than 60ppm.
9. the silver-colored chelate fibre antibacterial of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 8 Towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the twist factor is 247~379.
10. the silver-colored chelate fibre of the preparation method preparation of silver chelate fibre antibacterial towel yarn according to claim 9 is anti- Pili towel yarn, it is characterised in that: the silver content of the yarn is 60~900ppm.
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