CN106166592B - Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould - Google Patents

Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106166592B
CN106166592B CN201610700395.5A CN201610700395A CN106166592B CN 106166592 B CN106166592 B CN 106166592B CN 201610700395 A CN201610700395 A CN 201610700395A CN 106166592 B CN106166592 B CN 106166592B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
finished
die
punching
caliper
punch
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610700395.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106166592A (en
Inventor
胡伟勇
王峰
黄涛
项文建
薛晶
Original Assignee
浙江中集铸锻有限公司
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Priority to CN201610700395.5A priority Critical patent/CN106166592B/en
Publication of CN106166592A publication Critical patent/CN106166592A/en
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Publication of CN106166592B publication Critical patent/CN106166592B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J13/00Details of machines for forging, pressing, or hammering
    • B21J13/02Dies or mountings therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/34Perforating tools; Die holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/10Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers
    • B21D43/105Manipulators, i.e. mechanical arms carrying a gripper element having several degrees of freedom
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J13/00Details of machines for forging, pressing, or hammering
    • B21J13/08Accessories for handling work or tools
    • B21J13/10Manipulators

Abstract

Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould, is fixed with molding die, punching die, finished product die successively from right to left in stamping station, is fixed with forming punching head, pierce punch, finished product punch on upper punching successively;Forming punching head, pierce punch, finished product punch are opposite with molding die, punching die, finished product die respectively;Finished product punch is cylindric, and finished product die is made of finished product cylinder and the circular finished product material-dropping hole being molded in stamping station, finished product cylinder and finished product material-dropping hole coaxial inner conductor.It can save the discharge quantity of materials and parts, to reduce the consumption of material, save production cost, each workpiece can save 11 grams of consumptions of materials.

Description

Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould

Technical field:

The present invention relates to technical field of forging, more specifically to a kind of tapered roller bearing ring forging progressive die used Tool.

Background technology:

As shown in Figure 1, existing tapered roller bearing ring forging production technique is:1, materials and parts A1 is passed through into preforming tool punching press At preformed member A2,2, preformed member A2 struck out into molded part A3 by molding die, 3, pass through molded part in the cold state Separation punching die strikes out outer ring A4, inner ring A5 and separation block A6.Its shortcoming is:It is needed in design in consideration Outer diameter rib clamping face straight flange is enclosed, the straight flange of outer diameter rib clamping face is not less than 0.7mm.I.e. in punching press, on molded part A3 Inner ring diameter D1 is 40.3mm, and it is 39.7mm that the inner ring of finished product inner ring A5, which faces diameter D2 directly, this is mainly under cold conditions state When stamping out finished product outer ring A4, inner ring A5 and separation block A6, inner ring A5 will go out separation block A6 at the time of molding, so inner ring A5 Outer diameter face molding can be by larger impact force, so this design is for 40.3mm due to the inner ring diameter D1 on molded part A3 The inner ring diameter of molded part A3 is there are surplus, and when such blanking, the weight of materials and parts A1 is 307 grams, its blanking is more, in this way increase The consumption of material, increases production cost.

In order to save consumption of materials, we determine to change production technology, need to redesign mold, the present invention is therefrom It generates.

Invention content:

The purpose of the present invention and provides a kind of tapered roller bearing ring forging progressive die aiming at the deficiency of the prior art Tool, it can save the discharge quantity of materials and parts, to reduce the consumption of material, save production cost, each workpiece can save 11 grams Consumption of materials.

The technology solution of the present invention is as follows:

Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould, including stamping station, upper punching, material clamping robot and feed device, feeding Device pushes materials and parts to upsetting cake to rush on platform, and upsetting cake rushes platform and is fixed together with stamping station, and upsetting cake punch rushes platform against upsetting cake;

It is fixed with molding die, punching die, finished product die in stamping station successively from right to left, is fixed successively on upper punching There are forming punching head, pierce punch, finished product punch;Forming punching head, pierce punch, finished product punch respectively with molding die, piercing die Tool, finished product die are opposite;

Forming punching head is constituted by forming the frustum of a cone on forming punching head column, and molding die is by being fixed in stamping station The molding column of molding cylinder, the circular forming hole and sleeve being molded in stamping station in forming hole is constituted, and is molded column Upper surface be arc surfaced, be molded cylinder internal diameter be more than forming hole diameter, forming hole, molding cylinder and molding column it is coaxial Heart line;

Pierce punch is cylindric, and punching die is by punching cylinder and the circular punching hole structure being molded in stamping station At punching cylinder and punching hole coaxial inner conductor;

Finished product punch is cylindric, and finished product die is by finished product cylinder and the circular finished product material-dropping hole being molded in stamping station It constitutes, finished product cylinder and finished product material-dropping hole coaxial inner conductor.

The structure of material clamping robot is:Three pulling-in dogs are equidistantly mounted on slide plate, and slide plate sleeve is on guide post, guide post It is fixed on material folding seat, push rod is molded or be fixed on slide plate, push rod is hinged on eccentric wheel, and eccentric wheel is driven by motor; It is fixed with coolant pipe on material folding seat, several coolant liquid mouths are fixed on coolant pipe and are connected to each other with coolant pipe,

Three pulling-in dogs are opposite with molding die, punching die and finished product die respectively;

The structure of pulling-in dog is:Left caliper and right caliper body sleeve are on guide rod, and guide rod is fixed in material folding clamp block, limited block It is fixed in material folding clamp block, the right side of left caliper and the left side of right caliper body are pressed respectively against the both sides of limited block, tension spring sleeve On guide rod, tension spring left end is fixed on left caliper, and the right end of tension spring is fixed on right caliper body, the upper end of left caliper and right caliper body Upper end guide ramp has been separately formed it, the lower end of left caliper and right caliper body has been separately formed lower end guide ramp, three pulling-in dogs Upper end guide ramp it is opposite with forming punching head, pierce punch and finished product punch respectively.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are:

It can save the discharge quantity of materials and parts, to reduce the consumption of material, save production cost, each workpiece can be saved 11 grams of consumptions of materials.

Description of the drawings:

Fig. 1 is process flow chart in the prior art;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of forming punching head and forming die portions;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of pierce punch and punching die part;

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of finished product punch and finished product die part;

Fig. 6 is the process flow chart of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding mechanical hand of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of pulling-in dog;

Fig. 9 is the sectional view of pulling-in dog and left caliper and right caliper body part.

In Fig. 2 to 9:1, stamping station;2, upper punching;3, material clamping robot;4, feed device;5, upsetting cake rushes platform;6, upsetting cake Punch;7, molding die;8, punching die;9, finished product die;10, forming punching head;11, pierce punch;12, finished product punch.

Specific implementation mode:

Embodiment:See shown in Fig. 2 to 9, tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould, including stamping station 1, upper punching 2, material folding Manipulator 3 and feed device 4, feed device 4 push materials and parts B1 to be rushed on platform 5 to upsetting cake, and upsetting cake rushes platform 5 and is fixed on stamping station 1 Together, upsetting cake punch 6 rushes platform 5 against upsetting cake;

Be fixed with molding die 7, punching die 8, finished product die 9 in stamping station 1 successively from right to left, on upper punching 2 according to It is secondary to be fixed with forming punching head 10, pierce punch 11, finished product punch 12;Forming punching head 10, pierce punch 11, finished product punch 12 are distinguished It is opposite with molding die 7, punching die 8, finished product die 9;

Forming punching head 10 is constituted by forming the frustum of a cone 102 on forming punching head column 101, and molding die 7 is by being fixed on Molding cylinder 71 in stamping station 1, the molding of circular forming hole 72 and sleeve in forming hole 72 being molded in stamping station Column 73 is constituted, and the upper surface of molding column 73 is arc surfaced, and the internal diameter of molding cylinder 71 is more than the diameter of forming hole 72, molding Hole 72, molding cylinder 71 and molding 73 coaxial inner conductor of column;

Pierce punch 11 is cylindric, and punching die 8 is by punching cylinder 81 and the circular punching being molded in stamping station Hole 82 is constituted, 82 coaxial inner conductor of punching cylinder 81 and punching hole;

Finished product punch 12 is cylindric, and finished product die 9 is by finished product cylinder 91 and the circular finished product being molded in stamping station Material-dropping hole 92 is constituted, 92 coaxial inner conductor of finished product cylinder 91 and finished product material-dropping hole.

The structure of material clamping robot 3 is:Three pulling-in dogs 31 are equidistantly mounted on slide plate 32, and 32 sleeve of slide plate is in guide post On 33, guide post 33 is fixed on material folding seat 34, is molded or is fixed with push rod 35 on slide plate 32, and push rod 35 is hinged on eccentric wheel 36 On, eccentric wheel 36 is driven by motor;Coolant pipe 37 is fixed on material folding seat 34, several coolant liquid mouths 38 are fixed on cooling It is connected to each other in liquid pipe 37 and with coolant pipe,

Three pulling-in dogs 31 are opposite with molding die 7, punching die 8 and finished product die 9 respectively;

The structure of pulling-in dog 31 is:On guide rod 315, guide rod 315 is fixed on folder for left caliper 311 and 312 sleeve of right caliper body Expect in clamp block 314, limited block 313 is fixed in material folding clamp block 314, the left side of the right side and right caliper body 312 of left caliper 311 The both sides of limited block 313 are pressed respectively against, on guide rod 315,316 left end of tension spring is fixed on left caliper 311 316 sleeve of tension spring, The right end of tension spring 316 is fixed on right caliper body 312, and the upper end of left caliper 311 and right caliper body 312 has been separately formed upper end guiding tiltedly The lower end of face 3111, left caliper 311 and right caliper body 312 has been separately formed lower end guide ramp 3112, three pulling-in dogs 31 it is upper Hold guide ramp 3111 opposite with forming punching head 10, pierce punch 11 and finished product punch 12 respectively.

Operation principle:As shown in Figure 6, feed device 4 pushes materials and parts B1 to be rushed on platform 5 to upsetting cake, and upsetting cake rushes platform 5 and the punching of upsetting cake Materials and parts B1 is struck out material cake B2 by first 6;

Material cake B2 is sent under material clamping robot clamping to being stamped into molded part B3 between forming punching head 10 and molding die 7, The outer diameter D 3 of the correspondence inner ring of molded part B3 is 39.8mm;

Molded part B3 strikes out punching part B4 and separation block B5 between pierce punch 11 and punching die 8;

Punching part B4 strikes out outer ring B6 and inner ring B7, the outer diameter of inner ring B7 between finished product punch 12 and finished product die 9 The diameter D4 faced directly is 39.7mm.Materials and parts B1 is 296 grams after applying the present invention, reduces 11 grams compared with prior art.

The pulling-in dog 31 of material clamping robot 3 under the driving of eccentric wheel 36 along 33 linear reciprocating motion of guide post, one of them Workpiece on molding die 7 is clipped to punching die 8 by pulling-in dog 31, and one of pulling-in dog 31 is by the workpiece on punching die 8 Grip finished product die 9, the workpiece clamp on 31 finished product die 9 of one of pulling-in dog goes out.Upsetting cake rushes the workpiece on platform 5 by feeding Device is sent into molding die 7.

The upper end guide ramp 3111 of three pulling-in dogs 31 respectively with forming punching head 10, pierce punch 11 and finished product punch 12 Relatively.In this way when the workpiece in 10 punch-forming mold 7 of forming punching head, 312 meeting of left caliper 311 and right caliper body of pulling-in dog 31 It is automatic to open, and when the retraction of forming punching head 10, the left caliper 311 of pulling-in dog 31 can clamp workpiece again.Coolant liquid mouth 38 at When type punch 10, pierce punch 11 and finished product 12 stamped workpieces of punch, to pierce punch 11 and the spray coolant liquid of finished product punch 12 Cool down to pierce punch 11 and finished product punch 12.

The lower end of left caliper 311 and right caliper body 312 has been separately formed lower end guide ramp 3112, this lower end guide ramp 3112, this lower end guide ramp 3112 is opposite with the mandril in stamping station, by mandril by forming punching head 10,11 and of pierce punch Workpiece in finished product punch 12 is released between left caliper 311 and right caliper body 312.

Claims (1)

1. tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould, including stamping station (1), upper punching (2), material clamping robot (3) and feeding dress It sets (4), it is characterised in that:Feed device (4) pushes materials and parts (B1) to be rushed on platform (5) to upsetting cake, and upsetting cake rushes platform (5) and stamping station (1) it is fixed together, upsetting cake punch (6) rushes platform (5) against upsetting cake;
It is fixed with molding die (7), punching die (8), finished product die (9), upper punching in stamping station (1) successively from right to left (2) forming punching head (10), pierce punch (11), finished product punch (12) are fixed on successively;Forming punching head (10), pierce punch (11), finished product punch (12) is opposite with molding die (7), punching die (8), finished product die (9) respectively;
Forming punching head (10) is constituted by forming the frustum of a cone (102) on forming punching head column (101), and molding die (7) is by solid The molding cylinder (71) that is scheduled in stamping station (1), the circular forming hole (72) being molded in stamping station and sleeve are in forming hole (72) the molding column (73) in is constituted, and the upper surface of molding column (73) is arc surfaced, and the internal diameter of molding cylinder (71) is more than The diameter of forming hole (72), forming hole (72), molding cylinder (71) and molding column (73) coaxial inner conductor;
Pierce punch (11) is cylindric, and punching die (8) is by punching cylinder (81) and the circular punching being molded in stamping station Hole hole (82) is constituted, punching cylinder (81) and punching hole (82) coaxial inner conductor;
Finished product punch (12) be it is cylindric, finished product die (9) by finished product cylinder (91) and be molded in stamping station it is circular at Product material-dropping hole (92) is constituted, finished product cylinder (91) and finished product material-dropping hole (92) coaxial inner conductor;
The structure of material clamping robot (3) is:Three pulling-in dogs (31) are equidistantly mounted on slide plate (32), and slide plate (32) sleeve exists On guide post (33), guide post (33) is fixed on material folding seat (34), is molded or is fixed with push rod (35), push rod (35) on slide plate (32) It is hinged on eccentric wheel (36), eccentric wheel (36) is driven by motor;Coolant pipe (37) is fixed on material folding seat (34), it is several A coolant liquid mouth (38) is fixed on coolant pipe (37) and is connected to each other with coolant pipe,
Three pulling-in dogs (31) are opposite with molding die (7), punching die (8) and finished product die (9) respectively;
The structure of pulling-in dog (31) is:On guide rod (315), guide rod (315) is solid for left caliper (311) and right caliper body (312) sleeve It is scheduled in material folding clamp block (314), limited block (313) is fixed in material folding clamp block (314), the right side and the right side of left caliper (311) The left side of caliper (312) is pressed respectively against the both sides of limited block (313), and tension spring (316) sleeve is on guide rod (315), tension spring (316) left end is fixed on left caliper (311), and the right end of tension spring (316) is fixed on right caliper body (312), left caliper (311) and The upper end of right caliper body (312) has been separately formed upper end guide ramp (3111), the lower end of left caliper (311) and right caliper body (312) Be separately formed lower end guide ramp (3112), the upper end guide ramps (3111) of three pulling-in dogs (31) respectively with forming punching head (10), pierce punch (11) and finished product punch (12) are opposite.
CN201610700395.5A 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould CN106166592B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610700395.5A CN106166592B (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610700395.5A CN106166592B (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould

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CN106166592A CN106166592A (en) 2016-11-30
CN106166592B true CN106166592B (en) 2018-07-24

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108480536A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-09-04 江苏保捷精锻有限公司 A kind of automatic forging method and apparatus of bearing products
CN108465765A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-08-31 江苏保捷精锻有限公司 A kind of the integral type forging method and forge mould of bearing inner race and outer ring

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2154137Y (en) * 1991-08-21 1994-01-26 河南省安阳锻压设备厂 Multi-position automatic press forging machine
CN2757970Y (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-02-15 上海保捷汽车零部件锻压有限公司 Three station closed type forging machine operated on single point press
CN101716643A (en) * 2009-12-08 2010-06-02 黄石哈特贝尔精密锻造有限公司 Double-side molding process and die of wheel hub bearing outer ring
CN201862703U (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-15 林建祥 Automatic feeding device
CN102581204A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-18 黄石哈特贝尔精密锻造有限公司 Turriform forming process of internal and external rings of first-generation hub bearing
CN203649263U (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-06-18 柳州市鼎铭机械制造有限公司 Composite stamping die
CN206046974U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-03-29 浙江中集铸锻有限公司 Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4674580B2 (en) * 2006-11-16 2011-04-20 日本精工株式会社 Method for manufacturing bearing ring member

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2154137Y (en) * 1991-08-21 1994-01-26 河南省安阳锻压设备厂 Multi-position automatic press forging machine
CN2757970Y (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-02-15 上海保捷汽车零部件锻压有限公司 Three station closed type forging machine operated on single point press
CN101716643A (en) * 2009-12-08 2010-06-02 黄石哈特贝尔精密锻造有限公司 Double-side molding process and die of wheel hub bearing outer ring
CN201862703U (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-15 林建祥 Automatic feeding device
CN102581204A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-18 黄石哈特贝尔精密锻造有限公司 Turriform forming process of internal and external rings of first-generation hub bearing
CN203649263U (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-06-18 柳州市鼎铭机械制造有限公司 Composite stamping die
CN206046974U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-03-29 浙江中集铸锻有限公司 Tapered roller bearing ring forges continuous mould

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