CN106166283A - 一种治疗痛经的中药组合物 - Google Patents

一种治疗痛经的中药组合物 Download PDF

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CN106166283A
CN106166283A CN201610567051.1A CN201610567051A CN106166283A CN 106166283 A CN106166283 A CN 106166283A CN 201610567051 A CN201610567051 A CN 201610567051A CN 106166283 A CN106166283 A CN 106166283A
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周继英
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周继英
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种治疗痛经的中药组合物,属于中药技术领域。克服了传统药物单纯止痛,治标不治本且副作用大的缺陷,其由以下重量份的中药原料组成:羌活1‑5份,郁金3‑8份,寻骨风1‑3份,鹿衔草5‑10份,肉苁蓉5‑10份,化橘红1‑3份,八月札8‑12份,益母草8‑12份,白芍10‑15份,党参10‑15份,杜仲6‑10份,续断3‑8份,葫芦巴5‑10份,薄荷1‑5份,厚朴1‑3份,炮姜3‑8份,王不留行10‑15份,牛膝8‑12份,莪术1‑5份,霜红藤1‑3份,桂枝1‑3份,荜澄茄3‑8份,姜黄1‑5份,虎杖3‑8份。本发明适合痛经患者服用。

Description

一种治疗痛经的中药组合物
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种治疗痛经的中药组合物,属于中药技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]痛经是以经期、经行前后,出现周期性腹痛,痛引腰骶,甚至剧痛晕厥为主要表现的月经病,以青年妇女较为多见。痛经表现为妇女经期或行经前后,周期性发生下腹部胀痛、冷痛、灼痛、刺痛、隐痛、坠痛、绞痛、痉挛性疼痛、撕裂性疼痛,疼痛延至骶腰背部,甚至涉及大腿及足部,常伴有乳房胀痛、肛门坠胀、胸闷烦躁、悲伤易怒、心惊失眠、头痛头晕、恶心呕吐、胃痛腹泻、倦怠乏力、面色苍白、四肢冰凉、冷汗淋漓、虚脱昏厥等症状。其发病之高、范围之广、周期之近、痛苦之大,严重影响了广大妇女的工作和学习,降低了生活的质量。
[0003]痛经虽不能致命,可给患者带来的痛苦,女性是深有体会的,一项针对14-25岁的年轻女性所作的调查显示,该年龄阶段的女性中有高达88%的人有痛经、经期不准、腹胀、腰痛等困扰,其中最常见的为痛经。目前西医对症止痛容易产生耐药性,激素治疗副作用大,很多女性在痛经时服用止痛药,止痛片虽可止住或减轻痛经,但不可取,止痛药会造成神经系统功能紊乱,记忆力降低、失眠等不良后果,另外非那西丁和醋氨酚一类的止痛药已被美国科学家证实有诱发膀胱癌的危险。
发明内容
[0004]本发明的目的在于提供一种治疗痛经的中药组合物,安全无毒副作用,起效快,疗程短,治愈率高。
[0005]所述的治疗痛经的中药组合物,由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0006]羌活1-5份,郁金3-8份,寻骨风1-3份,鹿衔草5-10份,肉苁蓉5-10份,化橘红1-3份,八月札8-12份,益母草8-12份,白芍10-15份,党参10-15份,杜仲6-10份,续断3-8份,葫芦巴5-10份,薄荷1-5份,厚朴1-3份,炮姜3-8份,王不留行10-15份,牛膝8-12份,莪术1-5份,霜红藤1-3份,桂枝1-3份,荜澄前3-8份,姜黄1-5份,虎杖3-8份。
[0007]优选的治疗痛经的中药组合物,由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0008]羌活3份,郁金5份,寻骨风2份,鹿衔草8份,肉苁蓉8份,化橘红2份,八月札10份,益母草10份,白芍12份,党参12份,杜仲8份,续断5份,葫芦巴8份,薄荷3份,厚朴2份,炮姜5份,王不留行12份,牛膝10份,莪术3份,霜红藤2份,桂枝2份,荜澄茄5份,姜黄3份,虎杖5份。
[0009]各中药的作用机理:
[0010]羌活:辛、苦,温。归膀胱、肾经。功能与主治:解表散寒,祛风除湿,止痛。用于风寒感冒,头痛项强,风湿痹痛,肩背酸痛。
[0011] 郁金:辛、苦,寒。归肝、心、肺经。功能与主治:活血止痛,行气解郁,清心凉血,利胆退黄。用于胸胁刺痛,胸痹心痛,经闭痛经,乳房胀痛,热病神昏,癫痫发狂,血热吐衄,黄疸尿赤。
[0012]寻骨风:辛;苦;平。归肝;胃经。功能主治:祛风除湿,活血通络;止痛。主风湿痹痛;肢体麻木;筋骨拘挛;脘腹疼痛;跌打伤痛;外伤出血;乳痈及多种化脓性感染。
[0013] 鹿衔草:甘、苦,温。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:祛风湿,强筋骨,止血,止咳。用于风湿痹痛,肾虚腰痛,腰膝无力,月经过多,久咳劳嗽。
[0014]肉苁蓉:甘、咸,温。功能主治:功在补肾壮阳,润肠通便,止血。主治肾虚阳痿,遗精,腰膝冷痛,小便遗沥,尿血,宫冷不孕,带下,崩漏,肠燥便秘。
[0015]化橘红:辛、苦,温。归肺、脾经。功能与主治:理气宽中,燥湿化痰。用于咳嗽痰多,食积伤酒,呕恶痞闷。
[0016]八月札:甘,寒。功能主治:舒肝理气,活血止痛,除烦利尿。治肝胃气痛,胃热食呆,烦渴,亦白痢疾,腰痛,胁痛,疝气,窟经,子宫下坠。
[0017]益母草:苦、辛,微寒。归肝、心包、膀胱经。功能与主治:活血调经,利尿消肿,清热解毒。用于月经不调,痛经经闭,恶露不尽,水肿尿少,疮疡肿毒。
[0018]白芍:苦、酸,微寒。归肝、脾经。功能与主治:养血调经,敛阴止汗,柔肝止痛,平抑肝阳。用于血虚萎黄,月经不调,自汗,盗汗,胁痛,腹痛,四肢挛痛,头痛眩晕。
[0019]党参:甘,平。归脾、肺经。功能与主治:健脾益肺,养血生津。用于脾肺气虚,食少倦怠,咳嗽虚喘,气血不足,面色萎黄,心悸气短,津伤口渴,内热消渴。
[0020]杜仲:甘,温。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:补肝肾,强筋骨,安胎。用于肝肾不足,腰膝酸痛,筋骨无力,头晕目眩,妊娠漏血,胎动不安。
[0021]续断:苦、辛,微温。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:补肝肾,强筋骨,续折伤,止崩漏。用于肝肾不足,腰膝酸软,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,筋伤骨折,崩漏,胎漏。
[0022]葫芦巴:性温,味苦。功能主治:温肾,祛寒,止痛。用于肾脏虚冷、小腹冷痛、小肠疝气、寒湿脚气。
[0023]薄荷:辛,凉。归肺、肝经。功能与主治:疏散风热,清利头目,利咽,透疹,疏肝行气。用于风热感冒,风温初起,头痛,目赤,喉痹,口疮,风疹,麻疹,胸胁胀闷。
[0024]厚朴:苦、辛,温。归脾、胃、肺、大肠经。功能与主治:燥湿消痰,下气除满。用于湿滞伤中,脘痞吐泻,食积气滞,腹胀便秘,痰饮喘咳。
[0025] 炮姜:辛,热。归脾、胃、肾经。功能与主治:温经止血,温中止痛。用于阳虚失血,吐衄崩漏,脾胃虚寒,腹痛吐泻。
[0026] 王不留行:苦,平。归肝、胃经。功能与主治:活血通经,下乳消肿,利尿通淋。用于经闭,痛经,乳汁不下,乳痈肿痛,淋证涩痛。
[0027]牛膝:苦、甘、酸,平。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:逐瘀通经,补肝肾,强筋骨,利尿通淋,引血下行。用于经闭,痛经,腰膝酸痛,筋骨无力,淋证,水肿,头痛,眩晕,牙痛,日疮,吐血,衄血。
[0028]莪术:辛、苦,温。归肝、脾经。功能与主治:行气破血,消积止痛。用于瘕瘕痞块,瘀血经闭,胸痹心痛,食积胀痛。
[0029] 霜红藤:涩,温。功能主治:舒筋活血,散瘀。主治风湿关节痛,月经不调。
[0030] 桂枝:辛、甘,温。归心、肺、膀胱经。功能与主治:发汗解肌,温通经脉,助阳化气,平冲降气。用于风寒感冒,脘腹冷痛,血寒经闭,关节痹痛,痰饮,水肿,心悸,奔豚。
[0031]荜澄茄:辛,温。归脾、胃、肾、膀胱经。功能与主治:温中散寒,行气止痛。用于胃寒呕逆,脘腹冷痛,寒疝腹痛,寒湿郁滞,小便浑浊。
[0032]姜黄:辛、苦,温。归脾、肝经。功能与主治:破血行气,痛经止痛。用于胸胁刺痛,胸痹心痛,痛经经闭,癥瘕,风湿肩臂疼痛,跌扑肿痛。
[0033]虎杖:微苦,微寒。归肝、胆、肺经。功能与主治:利湿退黄,清热解毒,散瘀止痛,止咳化痰。用于湿热黄疸,淋浊,带下,风湿痹痛,痈肿疮毒,水火烫伤,经闭,瘸瘕,趺打损伤,肺热咳嗽。
[0034]与现有技术相比本发明的有益效果是:
[0035]本发明采用天然中草药配制而成,以中医理论为基础,诸药合用具有活血化瘀、温经止痛、散寒祛湿、健脾益肾、行气解郁、疏肝理气等功效,克服了传统药物单纯止痛,治标不治本的缺陷,且本发明用药安全,无毒副作用,无依赖性,起效快,疗程短,治愈率高。
[0036]下面结合临床试验和典型病例对本发明做进一步说明。
[0037] 临床试验:
[0038] 1、临床资料:
[0039] 随机选取痛经患者100例,年龄在16-42岁之间,主要症状表现为:经期或行经前后,周期性发生下腹部胀痛、冷痛、灼痛、刺痛、隐痛、坠痛、绞痛、痉挛性疼痛、撕裂性疼痛,疼痛延至骶腰背部,甚至涉及大腿及足部,常伴有乳房胀痛、肛门坠胀、胸闷烦躁、悲伤易怒、心惊失眠、头痛头晕、恶心呕吐、胃痛腹泻、倦怠乏力、面色苍白、四肢冰凉、冷汗淋漓、虚脱昏厥等症状。
[0040]排除器质性病变引起的痛经。
[0041 ] 2、治疗方法:
[0042]服用本发明中药组合物,每日一剂,水煎服,分早晚两次饭后服用,3天一疗程,共服用3个疗程,服药期间禁烟酒,忌食辛辣刺激食品。
[0043]注意:非经期用药!
[0044] 3、诊断标准:
[0045]痊愈:痛经及其伴随症状消失,随后一年无复发;
[0046]有效:痛经及其伴随症状明显改善,随后一年内有复发,但是疼痛减轻,用药依然有效;
[0047]无效:各临床症状无好转。
[0048] 4、治疗结果:
[0049] 100例痛经患者用药3个疗程后,92人痊愈,6人有效,2人无效,治愈率为92%,总有效率为98%。
[0050] 二、典型病例
[0051 ]王某,22岁,学生,最近几年每次经前两三天就开始小腹冷痛、坠胀,经期撕裂性疼痛,四肢冰凉、冷汗淋漓,每次月经都需卧床,严重影响学习。自第一次痛经以后再也不敢吃生冷食品,每次经期都要提前用药,对月经产生恐惧,心理压力较大,曾服用多种药物都只能暂时缓解不能够根治,月经结束后服用本发明中药组合物3个疗程,接下来一次月经无不适感,随访一年无复发。
[0052]许某,34岁,产后开始痛经,经期腹部隐痛,有时会痉挛性疼痛、并伴有乳房胀痛、头痛头晕、倦怠乏力、面色苍白,每次经期都无法工作,严重影响生活质量,服用止痛药只能缓解腹部隐痛,而且每次用药都会导致失眠、烦躁,且不能根治,后经人介绍在非经期服用本发明中药组合物3个疗程,接下来一次月经无不适感,随访一年无复发。
具体实施方式
[0053]下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
[0054] 实施例1
[0055]所述的治疗痛经的中药组合物,由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0056]羌活3份,郁金5份,寻骨风2份,鹿衔草8份,肉苁蓉8份,化橘红2份,八月札10份,益母草10份,白芍12份,党参12份,杜仲8份,续断5份,葫芦巴8份,薄荷3份,厚朴2份,炮姜5份,王不留行12份,牛膝10份,莪术3份,霜红藤2份,桂枝2份,荜澄茄5份,姜黄3份,虎杖5份。
[0057] 实施例2
[0058]所述的治疗痛经的中药组合物,由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0059]羌活I份,郁金3份,寻骨风I份,鹿衔草5份,肉苁蓉5份,化橘红I份,八月札8份,益母草8份,白芍10份,党参10份,杜仲6份,续断3份,葫芦巴5份,薄荷I份,厚朴I份,炮姜3份,王不留行10份,牛膝8份,莪术I份,霜红藤I份,桂枝I份,荜澄茄3份,姜黄I份,虎杖3份。
[0060] 实施例3
[0061 ]所述的治疗痛经的中药组合物,由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0062]羌活5份,郁金8份,寻骨风3份,鹿衔草10份,肉苁蓉10份,化橘红3份,八月札12份,益母草12份,白芍15份,党参15份,杜仲10份,续断8份,葫芦巴10份,薄荷5份,厚朴3份,炮姜8份,王不留行15份,牛膝12份,莪术5份,霜红藤3份,桂枝3份,荜澄茄8份,姜黄5份,虎杖8份。

Claims (2)

1.一种治疗痛经的中药组合物,其特征在于由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 羌活1-5份,郁金3-8份,寻骨风1-3份,鹿衔草5-10份,肉苁蓉5-10份,化橘红1-3份,八月札8-12份,益母草8-12份,白芍10-15份,党参10-15份,杜仲6-10份,续断3-8份,葫芦巴δ-ίΟ份 ,薄荷 1-5份 ,厚朴 1-3份 ,炮姜 3-8 份 ,王不留行 10-15份,牛膝8-12份,莪术1-5份,霜红藤1-3份,桂枝1-3份,荜澄茄3-8份,姜黄1-5份,虎杖3-8份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗痛经的中药组合物,其特征在于由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 羌活3份,郁金5份,寻骨风2份,鹿衔草8份,肉苁蓉8份,化橘红2份,八月札10份,益母草1份,白芍12份,党参12份,杜仲8份,续断5份,葫芦巴8份,薄荷3份,厚朴2份,炮姜5份,王不留行12份,牛膝10份,莪术3份,霜红藤2份,桂枝2份,荜澄茄5份,姜黄3份,虎杖5份。
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