CN106152556A - A kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system - Google Patents

A kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106152556A
CN106152556A CN201510143012.4A CN201510143012A CN106152556A CN 106152556 A CN106152556 A CN 106152556A CN 201510143012 A CN201510143012 A CN 201510143012A CN 106152556 A CN106152556 A CN 106152556A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
natural circulation
flat plate
water
circulation
heating
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Pending
Application number
CN201510143012.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋惠军
宋强
宋扬
宋欢
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WUHAN WUQIONGDA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WUHAN WUQIONGDA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510143012.4A priority Critical patent/CN106152556A/en
Publication of CN106152556A publication Critical patent/CN106152556A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/20Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications using renewable energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, it is intended to the problem solving large-scale solar water system Natural Circulation.Its technical scheme is characterized by: a kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, large-sized solar flat plate collector, upper circular tube, heat storage water tank, lower circulation pipe are constituted circulation waterway, described heat storage water tank is positioned at the top of described large-sized solar flat plate collector, the described heat storage water tank water surface is suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, and the resistance of ducting that the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway needs with Natural Circulation is suitable.The present invention can provide hot water for life with the place of the population concentrations such as hospital, school, hotel, residential building for people, it is also possible to for industry, provides preheating water for various boilers.

Description

A kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of apparatus for utilization of solar energy with solar, particularly to Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system.
Background technology
Up to now, in all regenerative resource industries, only solar water heater industry is in the case of not having government subsidy, successfully achieves commercialization, this explanation great business development of photothermal deformation is worth, and is also one of optimal path large-scale developing and utilizing solar energy.
Solar water heater is a kind of small-sized solar hot-water heating system, just the heat that heat collector absorbs can be delivered to heat storage water tank by Natural Circulation.Its technology is simple, low cost, and efficiency is high, is a kind of very successful product, and shortcoming is to be only suitable for domestic consumer.Large-scale solar water system is of many uses, but system is bigger, and the effect of Natural Circulation is poorer.In general, the solar water heating system of more than 0.6 ton need to use forced circulation, will additionally increase the equipment such as circulating pump, control system, and use process has energy consumption and noise, and operating cost is high, and lifetime of system is short, and later maintenance bothers, and actual effect is simultaneously bad.Such as: Asian Games city solar water heating system spends 1.8 hundred million nowadays to become ornaments then.(original text source: 2013-08-23 06:18:34 http://www.tyn.cc/news/content-54670.aspx).System size is different, it is desirable to also different.Solar hot water system's assessment of performance specification " GB/T20095 2006 ", clear stipulaties are only applicable to single water storage tank dischargeable capacity and are more than or equal to 0.6m3Solar hot water system.
Utilize solar energy by the extensive efficient development of large-scale solar water system, the problem that need to thoroughly solve Natural Circulation.
Content of the invention
The present invention has drawn the advantage of existing solar water heating system, the shortcoming overcoming them, provides a kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system.
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the present invention uses following proposal: a kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, large-sized solar flat plate collector, upper circular tube, heat storage water tank, lower circulation pipe are constituted circulation waterway, described heat storage water tank is positioned at the top of described large-sized solar flat plate collector, the described heat storage water tank water surface is suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, and the resistance of ducting that the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway needs with Natural Circulation is suitable.
The present invention is it may also is that the comb two ends of described large-sized solar flat plate collector are flexibly connected with upper header and lower collector pipe respectively by articulating device, in order in force, the length of comb, absorber plate and frame can directly extend, it meeting the needs of system thermal siphon pressure and the resistance of ducting, thus is spliced into the large-sized solar flat plate collector of Len req.Clear covering above described large-sized solar flat plate collector is the double glazing of more than two pieces.This system can only set a upper circular tube and a lower circulation pipe, and according to actual needs, this system can also arrange two described lower circulation pipes, is connected the lower end on described large-sized solar flat plate collector both sides respectively with described heat storage water tank lower end.In addition, this system can also arrange two the above upper circular tubes, the upper end of described large-sized solar flat plate collector is connected with described heat storage water tank upper end respectively.
Compared with prior art the invention have the advantage that and 1. saved the equipment such as circulating pump, control system, decrease input.2. there is no energy consumption and noise.3. safeguard simple.4. operating cost is substantially reduced.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the exploded view of large-sized solar flat plate collector;
Fig. 2 is the Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system of a upper circular tube and a lower circulation pipe;
Fig. 3 is the Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system of a upper circular tube and two lower circulation pipes.
In figure: groove 1 lower baffle plate module 2 collecting plate 3 right baffle plate 4 overhead gage module 5 comb 6 glass 7 right baffle-plate 8 large-sized solar flat plate collector 9 upper circular tube 10 11 times circulation pipes of heat storage water tank 12.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in further detail with detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
In Fig. 1, lower baffle plate module the 2nd, collecting plate the 3rd, overhead gage module the 5th, comb the 6th, right baffle plate the 4th, the right baffle-plate 8 with fluted 1 is formed large-sized solar flat plate collector, it wherein is provided with lower collector pipe inside lower baffle plate module 2, being provided with upper header inside overhead gage module 5, the two ends of described comb 6 are connected with described lower collector pipe and described upper header by articulating device respectively.Because the difference in height of solar water heating system is bigger, the density contrast of water is bigger, thermal siphon pressure is also bigger the power of natural circulation solar energy water-heating system water circulation (the thermal siphon pressure refer to), so, when described large-sized solar flat plate collector is applied to the concrete engineering of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, for ensureing that system has enough thermal siphon pressure, can be according to the needs of large-scale solar water system Natural Circulation, select described collecting plate 3, comb 6, right baffle plate 4 and the length of right baffle-plate 8, make the described heat storage water tank water surface suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet.
In Fig. 2, large-sized solar flat plate collector the 9th, upper circular tube the 10th a, heat storage water tank 11 and a lower circulation pipe 12 are formed Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system.In this Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, in order to ensure Natural Circulation, can be by the difference in height of the raising heat storage water tank water surface to described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, increase thermal siphon pressure, and by increasing caliber, the method reducing bend and path, the resistance of ducting of reduction system circulation waterway, make the described heat storage water tank water surface suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway can be suitable with the resistance of ducting that Natural Circulation needs.
In Fig. 3, large-sized solar flat plate collector the 9th, upper circular tube the 10th a, heat storage water tank 11 and two lower circulation pipes 12 are formed Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, described heat storage water tank 11 water surface is suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector 9 lower water inlet, and the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway can be suitable with the resistance of ducting that Natural Circulation needs.
In enforcement, also rectangular heat storage water tank can be used, plural upper circular tube connector is opened on described rectangular heat storage water tank, with the upper circular tubes of more than two, the different parts of the upper header with large-sized solar flat plate collector for the described rectangular heat storage water tank is linked together, reduce system pipeline resistance further.Certainly, with plural circular heat storage water tank, and with upper and lower two pipelines, they are coupled together successively, make a connected component, it is also possible to replace rectangle water tank.
Embodiment one:
In fig. 2, wherein long 6.25 meters of large-sized solar flat plate collector 9, wide 1.76 meters, and a diameter of 22 millimeters of the comb of this heat collector (is much larger than common 8 millimeters), header diameter is 50 millimeters (being much larger than common 20 millimeters), and the volume of described heat storage water tank 11 is 0.6 ton of (0.6m3), described heat storage water tank 11 water surface is to the difference in height 4.55 meters of described large-sized solar flat plate collector 9 lower water inlet.In this Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, the described heat storage water tank water surface is 4.55 meters high to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, can be suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs, the comb of this system and header diameter are big, bend is few, therefore the resistance of ducting is little, the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway can be suitable with the resistance of ducting that Natural Circulation needs, facts have proved: this system uses Natural Circulation, water temperature in heat storage water tank 11 can break through 83 DEG C, can meet the needs of daily use completely.
Embodiment two:
In figure 3, wherein large-sized solar flat plate collector 9 grows 6.25 meters, and wide 15.84 meters, a diameter of 22 millimeters of the comb of this heat collector, header diameter is 50 millimeters, and the volume of described heat storage water tank 11 is 5 tons of (5m3), described heat storage water tank 11 water surface is to the difference in height 4.5 meters of described large-sized solar flat plate collector 9 lower water inlet.In this Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, the described heat storage water tank water surface is 4.5 meters high to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, can be suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs, the comb of this system and header diameter are big, bend is few, and have two lower circulation pipes, therefore the resistance of ducting is little, the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway can be suitable with the resistance of ducting that Natural Circulation needs, facts have proved: this system uses Natural Circulation, water temperature in heat storage water tank 11 can break through 87 DEG C, the needs of daily use can be met completely.
It is particularly suitable for being paved with whole roof and building perfect adaptation with the Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system that the present invention manufactures, a large amount of hot water can be produced for living or directly feeding various boiler with it.

Claims (5)

1. a Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system, large-sized solar flat plate collector, upper circular tube, heat storage water tank, lower circulation pipe are constituted circulation waterway, described heat storage water tank is positioned at the top of described large-sized solar flat plate collector, it is characterized in that: the described heat storage water tank water surface is suitable with the thermal siphon pressure that Natural Circulation needs to the difference in height of described large-sized solar flat plate collector lower water inlet, and the resistance of ducting that the resistance of ducting of described circulation waterway needs with Natural Circulation is suitable.
2. Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the comb two ends of described large-sized solar flat plate collector are flexibly connected with upper header and lower collector pipe respectively by articulating device, in force, the length of comb, absorber plate and frame can directly extend, it meeting the needs of system thermal siphon pressure and the resistance of ducting, thus is spliced into the large-sized solar flat plate collector of Len req.
3. Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the clear covering above described large-sized solar flat plate collector is the double glazing of more than two pieces.
4. Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: this system is provided with two described lower circulation pipes, is connected the lower end on described large-sized solar flat plate collector both sides respectively with described heat storage water tank lower end.
5. Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system according to claim 4, is characterized in that: this system is provided with two the above upper circular tubes, is connected the upper end of described large-sized solar flat plate collector respectively with described heat storage water tank upper end.
CN201510143012.4A 2015-03-30 2015-03-30 A kind of Large Efficient natural circulation solar energy water-heating system Pending CN106152556A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108592414A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-28 清华大学 Vaporation-type solar water heater based on functional material

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108592414A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-28 清华大学 Vaporation-type solar water heater based on functional material
CN108592414B (en) * 2018-04-28 2020-01-21 清华大学 Evaporation type solar water heater based on functional material

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