CN106149880A - Use the assembling room of new architecture - Google Patents

Use the assembling room of new architecture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106149880A
CN106149880A CN201510133233.3A CN201510133233A CN106149880A CN 106149880 A CN106149880 A CN 106149880A CN 201510133233 A CN201510133233 A CN 201510133233A CN 106149880 A CN106149880 A CN 106149880A
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China
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framework
house
post
frame
plate
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CN201510133233.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106149880B (en
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沈舞源
沈宇轩
万平华
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万平华
沈宇轩
沈舞源
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Abstract

The present invention is that a kind of whole components being able to ensure that house of employing can be with factorial praluction, build a house can all by being completed new technology, concrete grammar is: heavy duty metal component connects into stress frame, and aerated concrete panel or plank are arranged on framework and complete house building.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: construction assembling mode completes, can complete house building to quick high-quality;Component for assembling is simple, and existing factory can provide whole component;Material environment friendly is long-lived, and house is durable in use;Element structure is simple, it is simple to large-scale production;Install simple and convenient, the technology of workmen is required low;House superior performance, wind resistance antidetonation, insulation, sound insulation, longevity;House completes, and i.e. completes the work of whole basic units of house fine fitment;The component of limited kind can meet the needs building different house types, it is simple to component processing producer's high efficiency, low cost ground provides component;Build a house low cost;House is without the vestige assembling, and market is acceptant;Material can be reused.

Description

Use the assembling room of new architecture
Art
The present invention relates to the method for construction in house class house: with the component of steel or other metal material processing one-tenth Beam, post, vertical brace, diagonal brace, with aerating armoured concrete slab or plank, scene assembles, and completes basis The construction in above house.
Technical background
Build the technology in house at present by the method assembling, at construction and the low-rise building of tier building Construction in, use following different method:
First, the present situation using assemble method to build a house in tier building is:
Component for assembling is precast member for reinforcing bar concrete, by the reinforced concrete of plant produced during construction Soil prefabricated components and the part constructed at the scene carry out splicing, after stitching portion completes the connection of reinforcing bar, carry out The cast in situs of stitching portion, makes the prefabricated components of factory process and the part of site operation connect into entirety.But , there is following deficiency in this construction method:
1st, owing to concrete prefabricated element is subject to processing, transports, lifts and each side technical conditions such as installation Limit, in the part of building construction works, (having not exceeded 50% at present) assemble method can only be used.
2nd, the component of factorial praluction is Large Precast Members, its Mold Making costly, particularly, Building is slightly different, i.e. causes the change of component, needs again to make new mould.This situation so that work Prefabricated component relatively costly of factory's processing;And the transport of large scale prefabricated part is difficult to: need relatively large vehicle and Support special a bit, uses these components to assemble and adds again extra freight.Therefore, although this side Method accelerates site operation speed and improves construction quality, but the building cost of this method is traditional higher than using Method construction cost.
The production of the precast reinforced concrete structure of the 3rd, large-scale and multi items, determines concrete prefabricated element and adds The scale of investment of factory is relatively big, limits its generality using further: on the ground without high-volume building construction District, builds prefabricated component processing factory and does not calculates economically;Cost of transportation limits the area making again away from processing factory Because this technology the reason that economically cannot be used.
4 additionally, this method also with the common drawback also existing with conventional steel bar concrete structural building: one Denier needs to remove, and in addition to using the method for explosion, has no other way, original Building wood after demolishing buildings Material becomes the construction waste being difficult to reclaim completely.
2nd, in low-rise building, use the present situation that assemble method builds a house::
Use the method for assembling in the construction in only of low layer or low layer disjunctor room: be presently mainly and use body of wall The lightweight steel joist system of load-bearing and full-wood system, but this two kinds of methods also have a following deficiency:
1st, the deficiency of body of wall load-bearing lightweight steel joist system:
(1), owing to this product is the component connecting into by the zinc-plated C-type steel of various sizes of thin-walled, this is assembled Before a little components, need in advance by the zinc-plated C-type steel of thin-walled of a large amount of different sizes by processing dimension carry out cutting off, Boring, then the C-type steel processing is become component in factory-assembled, need to expend a large amount of man-hour during assembling and carry out riveting Connect, build a house actually man-hours requirement compared with traditional handicraft without obvious advantage.
(2), what is more important due to idea that people are formed for a long time be concrete (or brick), heavy steel The house built is only permanent building.The house market of the structural system of lightgage steel joist to accept difficulty bigger.
Use the low-rise building of the structural system of the lightgage steel joist of body of wall load-bearing, no matter be its quality building house Index, building cost, traction, compared with conventional art, all without advantage, although therefore this technology go out For many years now, still fail to enter the mainstream market of low-rise building.
2nd, the deficiency of existing full-wood system:
The presently used construction carrying out full-wood system house by the method assembling, builds with tradition carpentry process The technology in room is compared, and change Jin Shi woodwork is from the non-at-scene processing of factory.The force structure system in house, Safeguard each side such as structure system, all do not have bigger change.And form the woodwork of full-wood system, Not only various in style and also substantial portion of Components Shape complicated, not only the production of component is complicated, and And it is high to installation specification.Although what use assembled method carries out the construction in full-wood system house, Really higher than the quality in whole on-the-spot processing, speed fast, but cost reduces little.Built by the method assembling Full-wood house, its cost build a house with Traditional Wood structure technology cost compared with, not do not reduce, therefore Despite the use of assembling mode builds the house of full-wood, and its cost is higher than with the construction of other traditional materials The situation in house does not change, therefore the house of current full-wood is because the factor of its price connecing commercially Still limited by amount.
3 additionally, in low-rise building, the concrete component Assembling that currently also useful factory is pre-machined Mode build a house, the method is identical with in the high-rise disadvantage using generation in using of low layer, therefore no longer superfluous State.
Therefore, at present in the building of low-rise building, substantially use or traditional technology that builds a house.
In sum, the existing at present assemble method for building in house class, owing to failing to break original tradition Design thinking, its stress system, floor system, the building element of body of wall maintenance system, it is impossible to adapt to or Production line balance, field-installed building approach can not be adapted to completely.
Content of the invention
The present invention is a kind of new building system that can be used for housing construction creating, and its component all can be with work Factory's production line balance, and on-the-spot construction the in house can be to complete completely in the way of assembling.Its method is By the hardware of various accurate processing, become the stress frame in house simultaneously with connector and high strength exploitation It is fixed on ground, then with the aerating armoured concrete slab being processed into by design or plank, be arranged on framework On, constitute body of wall and the floor in house, complete the construction in house.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: construction more than field basic all can use the component in plant produced Complete by the mode assembling;For the component assembling, the form that only useful metal material processing becomes simply has The rod member of limit kind and specification and the sheet material of the limited description processed by air entrained concrete or timber.Existing Steel construction processing factory, aerating plate factory or woodworking mill, use existing utility, can provide required complete Portion's component;The component using plant produced carries out in-site installation, it is simple to quickly, high-quality complete building of house Make;The material of main part in house is the long-life material of market accreditation, and product is easy to be acceptable to the market;Batch production Produce component, it is simple to large-scale production;Site operation is simple, requires low to the technology of workmen;Built The house superior performance made: wind resistance antidetonation, insulation, sound insulation, heat insulation, long-lived;House has assembled man-hour, Have been completed the work of whole basic units of house fine fitment, only need to carry out body of wall and the surface treatment of floor is Complete the fine fitment in house;Different house types can be built;Component is pressed modulus and is produced, it is simple to component processing factory Family's high efficiency, low cost ground provides component;The component of limited kind can meet different house type and assemble required;The party The method cost that builds a house is less than the cost that builds a house of current package technique and traditional construction method;After house completion, Having no the vestige assembling, market is acceptant;During dismounting, material substantially can all be reused.
Brief description:
Fig. 1 is the component required for steel structure frame A-1, Am-1, A-2 and Am-2 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is steel structure frame A-1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is steel structure frame Am-1 of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the detail of construction in junction for the steel structure frame A-1 of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is steel structure frame A-2 of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is steel structure frame Am-2 of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is that the detail of construction in junction for the used steel structure frame A-2 invented by wood.
Fig. 8 is the component required for steel structure frame B-1, Bm-1, B-2 and Bm-2 of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is steel structure frame B-1 of the present invention.
Figure 10 is steel structure frame Bm-1 of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the detail of construction in junction for the steel structure frame B-1 of the present invention.
Figure 12 is steel structure frame B-2 of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the used steel structure frame Bm-2 of wood invention.
Figure 14 is the detail of construction in junction for the steel structure frame B-2 of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the component diagram required for steel structure frame C of the present invention.
Figure 16 is steel structure frame C of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the detail of construction in junction for the steel structure frame C of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the method using aerating armoured concrete slab to install floor and body of wall on the framework of the present invention.
Figure 19 is to use aerating armoured concrete slab to make installation diagram at without post, vertical brace and diagonal brace for the body of wall.
Figure 20 is to use aerating armoured concrete slab to make body of wall having the installation diagram at post, vertical brace and diagonal brace.
Figure 21 is the outside drawing making body of wall of aerating armoured concrete slab.
Figure 22 is the method using plank to install floor and body of wall on framework.
Figure 23 is aerating armoured concrete slab when making body of wall, the installation method of water power.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below, in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specifically describe and how to implement to build a house according to the present invention:
The various components of what framework A-1, Am-1, A-2 and Am-2 of the present invention represented by Fig. 1 was used, It now is respectively described below:
First, Lm, Ln, Lmn are the component in framework for horizontal direction, are referred to as beam, and beam uses H Shaped steel or the metal material processing of other same sections.
1st, the form of beam end only has the form of m and n two ways: m at the web of beam end and the wing There is one group of hole of same diameter on edge;The form of n is same except having on the web of beam end and the edge of a wing Outside one group of hole of sample diameter, also need to cut away the upper lower flange of one section of beam end.
2nd, all beams to different length, all consider beam by intensity index required when meeting maximum outreach Cross section, different spans all use the beam in same cross section.The purpose of do so has 2 points: the first is Next step is installed wallboard conveniently and efficiently and creates conditions;It two is easy for standardized processing and getting the raw materials ready.
3rd, in the present invention, the length of all of beam, all with 300 millimeters or 1 foot for modulus change, In the top flange of a part of beam, being drilled with one group of hole, the distance between hole is 300 millimeters or 1 Foot, the effect of hole is: when installing floor plates with aerated concrete panel or plank, bolt can It is fixed on floor plates on beam to wear these holes.
4th, the form of beam is divided into three kinds: the two ends of beam Lm are all added by n by m processing, the two ends of beam Ln Work, one end of beam Lmn press m processing, one end is processed by n.
5th, being drilled with the hole for modulus for 300 millimeters or 1 foot of the interval in the middle part of the web of beam, its effect will be Explained later.
6th, when the middle part of beam need to be connected with other beams, only need to bore on the edge of a wing at this position and web There is corresponding one group of hole (one group of hole P in figure), with high-strength bolt and two connectors The n termination of other beams can be connected in this place by J-1.
2nd, Za, Zam, Cs and Af are the rod member in framework for non-horizontal directions, and they also use H profile steel Processing:
1st, the structure of Za, Zam is: at the pertusate plate of H steel two ends welding, has many group holes on its edge of a wing, There is the hole of more row on the edge of a wing than Za for the Zam, and the concrete effect of hole will be described in more detail below;Za, Zam exist Framework has two kinds of functions: a kind of function being to have post, when the function of the post that it undertakes, be called Post Za or post Zam;Another kind of for forming shearing resistance framework with other components, when it undertakes in shearing resistance framework It during the function on bar limit, is called vertical brace Za or vertical brace Zam;
2nd, the structure of diagonal brace Cs is also the end form that the plate having bored hole is welded on H steel, with Za, Zam not Exist together and be: the plate of Za, Zam end is welded on the end face of H steel 90 degree, and the plate of Cs end is welded on H The end face of the non-90 degree of steel;Another difference is: Cs hole is on its web.
3rd, socle Af is similar with the processing of Za: by the end that the plate having bored hole is welded on the H steel shorter than post be Can.
3rd, window and door frame component: D-1, D-2, Dm-1, Dm-2 form window and door frame component, and component is all added by channel-section steel Work.
1st, the design feature of D-1, D-2, Dm-1, Dm-2 is and has bored the plate in hole in the welding of channel-section steel end face, D-1, Dm-1 is in addition to the side of channel-section steel is porose, and channel-section steel base plate also has corresponding with the hole of D-2, Dm-2 end plates Hole.The side of Dm-1 is drilled with more hole than D-1, when this some holes is for installing wood wallboard required (referring to Figure 18). D-2 is from the different places of Dm-2: the length of D-1 is fixed according to the width of door, and the length of D-2 is according to window Width is fixed.In addition the side face drilling of D-2 is porose, and these holes are required (detailed when being to install concrete panel See Figure 20).
2nd, with bolt rod member can be connected into door frame (2 D-1, a D-2, or 2 Dm-1, one D-2) window-frame (2 Dm-1,2 Dm-2) or for timber building.
4th, the connector of framework is J-1, J-2 two kinds:
All pertusate for one section of each face groove is bent into 90 degree by being shaped as of connector J-1;Connector J-2 The one end being shaped as being equivalent to all pertusate for one section of each face groove close, and also porose on sealing surface.
The framework A-1 that Fig. 2 represents, has a following characteristics:
First feature: post Za segmentation is arranged between the beam of levels, and is different from traditional structure It is to be arranged on beam between post.Such structure has a following advantage:
1, it is not required to, by beam segmentation, also ensure that the quality of connection of junction, being connected with each other of beam column is reliable:
Owing to post is to be fixed on the column foundation of site operation with foundation bolt, during practice of construction, not only adjacent Distance between post can only control the scope at certain error, even the length of the beam in factory process, also Can only control in a range of precision.Conventional method is the side that beam is connected to its two newel post, but works as post After being fixed on column foundation, it is meant that the position of post has been fixed, it is thus impossible to ensure the end face on beam both sides By chance can be close to the side of the post that position, both sides has been fixed simultaneously.But only when the end face of beam can be close to post Face when being tightened by bolt, what this junction just can be considered as meeting structure stress requirement can bear moment of flexure " rigidity node ".In order to meet the requirement of " rigidity node ", usual way is by the beam section of being divided into, and first will After the beam of segmentation fixes with two side columns respectively, then the beam of segmentation is connected as one (such as institute in fig .9 The method of attachment of the beam showing).Due on the connector at the hole of junction termination and for this junction for the beam Diameter is intended to the connecting bolt slightly larger than hole at this, if the construction of the mismachining tolerance of beam and intercolumnar distance Control errors, in prescribed limit, would not affect high-strength bolt and wear and excessively these holes can connect the beam of segmentation It is integrated.In the present invention, also due to the aperture bored on flange of beam, styletable face and connector is slightly larger In the high-strength bolt through this hole, as long as the construction error of mismachining tolerance and intercolumnar distance controls at regulation model In enclosing, do not interfere with high-strength bolt equally and pass through after the hole of above-mentioned component is tightened and form rigidity in junction Tie point.
2nd, the stress of column is more reasonable: traditional structure, and load is connected with post by the end face of beam Post is passed in face, and now post is in the state (at least side column is this situation) of eccentric compression, and the structure of the present invention, Upper load is pressed in the top of post by beam, and the pressure suffered by post is through the axle center of post, at its stress Optimal stress in axial compression.
3rd, being easily installed: owing to floor height is limited, the length of post is also limited, therefore post is uprightly not difficult.Special Not, when installing more heavy beam, beam can lie in and not need other supports on abacus and can facilitate It is connected by ground with post, installs more traditional structure more convenient.
Second feature:
Door frame, is directly anchored on beam column frame.Therefore, the stressed member hinge hinge of door, can fix On the doorframe that channel-section steel makes, rather than same conventional method: hinge hinge is integrally fixed on body of wall, therefore, and its Fixing more firm, meanwhile, also very easy when installing door and door pocket.
Fig. 3 is the light-duty steel construction house framework A-2 of the present invention, and framework A-2 can be used for having violent earthquake and hurricane Area, it is different from framework A-1 only: at the component of vertical direction, in addition to post, facing at post Also add the vertical brace being positioned on different facade and diagonal brace nearby, they are positioned at not with post, upper and lower beam composition Framework with vertical plane.This structure so that the mechanical property of framework performs better at following two aspects:
1st, the framework in different vertical face of the post of corner, vertical brace and diagonal brace composition is compared with single post, Not only keep the original function undertaking vertical direction load of post;The framework of composition can also undertake opposing effectively Earthquake produces huge horizontal loading when occurring, and instead of the function of shear wall.Meanwhile, framework itself Constitute and will not deform " rigid body skeleton ".For next step on framework fast and convenient installation aerating armored concrete Highly beneficial basis established by plate or plank: as long as the processing dimension of plate is accurate, it is just very easy to install. And requiring that aerating armoured concrete slab or plank processing dimension are accurate, the manufacturer of plate easily accomplishes.
2nd, owing to post, vertical brace, diagonal brace and beam constitute the framework of one group of vertical direction rather than one single Post be connected with beam, define the structure of " strong column and weak beam " required by the anti-macroseism in house in junction, enter One step enhances the shock resistance in house.In traditional design, the structure in order to realize framework " strong post " is wanted Asking, often having to increase the cross dimensions of post, its result is that post is wider than deck-siding, thus cylinder protruding wall Face, destroys the complete of metope, causes the difficulty of finishing.And the post of the present invention is made up of one group of post, Post width is not more than wall width, thus without this disadvantage.
In the tie point structure chart of the framework A-1 that Fig. 4 represents: the figure on top represents each structure being not connected with Part: post Za, beam Lm, Ln and connector J-1, J-2;Middle figure represents beam Lm and Ln by spiral shell Bolt and J-1, J-2 connect;The figure of bottom represents that the component of this node has linked into an integrated entity.When high intensity spiral shell Bolt by the edge of a wing of beam and web, the top board of styletable head, connector is fixing finish after, this tie point i.e. defines One rigid joint that can bear pressure and moment of flexure.
In each node structure figure of the framework A-2 that Fig. 5 represents: same with three, upper, middle and lower chart Show each access phase of this node, figure can be seen that when high-strength bolt by beam Lm, Ln, post Za, Vertical brace Za, diagonal brace Cs, connector J-1 and J-2 high-strength bolt are fixed after finishing, this tie point i.e. shape Become a rigid joint that can bear pressure and moment of flexure, meanwhile, the vertical brace that is connected between underbeam, diagonal brace, Constitute the stress frame of the not ipsilateral lateral force resisting at post with post.
Fig. 6 is the steel structure frame Am-1 in the house of the present invention, and this framework is the stress frame of timber building.This frame The A-1 that the structure of frame and Fig. 2 represent is essentially identical, and difference is following two points:
1st, the window-frame being made up of Dm-1 and Dm-2 is added.
2nd, Zam, Dm-1 of multiple rows of hole is had to replace Za and D-1 in A-1, this some holes with the edge of a wing and side The effect of fixing wood wallboard is played in hole, and concrete grammar will illustrate in fig. 22.
The framework Am-2 of the present invention that Fig. 7 represents is for log cabin, and its structure is essentially identical with framework A-2, no It with putting is:
1st, the window-frame of Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition is added.
2nd, Zam, Dm-1 of multiple rows of hole is had to replace Za and D-1 in A-2 with the edge of a wing and side, these Hole plays the effect of fixing wood wallboard, and concrete grammar will illustrate in fig. 22.
Fig. 8 represents the various components used by framework B of the composition present invention, is respectively described below:
1st, the component beam for horizontal direction:
The beam being connected with the edge of a wing of post is made up of 2 BLpm that (an or 2 BLpm and Lm arbitrarily use A kind of);
The beam being connected with the web of post is formed 2 by 2 BLqm, and (or a BLqm and Lm forms, arbitrarily Use one);
The form at its two ends of interlude beam Lm not being connected with post is m;The form of the beam being connected with post is one end Identical with termination m, the other end is divided into two types of p q: p q is and pertusate for brill plate is welded on H steel End face, being different only in that of p q form: one section of need of q end cut away a part of width, to ensure beam End can insert between the edge of a wing of post (see Figure 11).
His feature of Liangqi is identical with the feature of framework A central sill.
2nd, the component of non-horizontal directions has a following component: post Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3 of segmentation or do not divide The post Zb (segmentation or unsegmented need to use any one) of section, post Zbm-1, Zbm-2, Zbm-3 of segmentation Or unsegmented post Zbm (segmentation or unsegmented need to use any one), vertical brace Za, diagonal brace Cs.
Post Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3 are each other in addition to length is different, and other are identical: be at H profile steel end The pertusate plate of face weldering, on its web with beam connecting portion and the edge of a wing, all has corresponding with beam end plate hole Hole.Additionally, in the lower section of each group of hole, have gripper shoe on web and the edge of a wing, on the one hand gripper shoe has Being beneficial to the installation (wearing connecting bolt after first can laying in gripper shoe beam again) of beam, the opposing party can with high intensity even Connecting bolt shared beam passes to the vertical load on post.
Three posts Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3 also can replace with a unsegmented post Zb, equally, and post Zb's Structure is also to be welded with at H profile steel end face to pass through the plate of hole of bolt, and its be there is a need to and beam company Connect web and the edge of a wing at position, have the corresponding hole with beam end plate hole.Additionally, in the lower section of each group of hole, Web and the edge of a wing there is gripper shoe.
Post Zbm-1, Zbm-2, Zbm-3 and unsegmented post Zbm, be the component of the framework for log cabin.It With not the existing together of post Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3 and unsegmented post Zb, be only that You Duozu hole, its edge of a wing.
Vertical brace Za, Zam, diagonal brace Cs, D-1, Dm-1Dm-2 are identical with what A-Frame in Fig. 1 used.
3rd, connector:
The connector J-3 of beam is one section of groove, and all there is 1 group of hole in each face of groove, and hole and beam are in corresponding positions The hole put is corresponding.
Fig. 9 is the framework B-1 of the present invention.By framework B-1 compared with the framework A-1 that Fig. 2 represents, permissible Seeing: because use beam segmentation, the structure of beam column itself there occurs the change having been described above in Fig. 8: Beam is segmentation, and the concrete grammar that beam is connected with post is to being shown in Figure 11.Post Zb in framework B-1 also can with Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3 are connected as a replacement.
Framework Bm-1 in Figure 10 is for log cabin, and structure is completely identical with the framework B-1 structure in Fig. 9, Different is only post Zb, vertical brace Az and window and door frame component D-1 is changed to the edge of a wing or the porose Zbm of side plate, vertical brace Zam and window and door frame component Dm-1, and, add the window-frame with window-frame component Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition.
Figure 11 is the detail of construction of framework B-1 junction: owing to the edge of a wing of Lqm end has been cut out narrow, therefore Lqm End can enter the web being close to Zb between the edge of a wing of Zb.It is not required to connector, can side with high-strength bolt Just the end face of beam Lpm and beam Lqm is close to be connected with the web of Bz and the edge of a wing, forms rigid joint;With When beam Lpm and beam Lqm lower flange be placed in the gripper shoe being welded on post Zb, be more beneficial for beam by vertical lotus Load is delivered to post Zb.Easily beam can be connected with high-strength bolt and two connector J-3.
The structure of framework Bm-1 junction is identical with framework B-1, therefore no longer individually illustrates.
By the framework B-2 in Figure 12 compared with the framework A-2 that Fig. 3 represents, in figure 5 it can be seen that because by beam Segmentation, the change having been described above in structure generation Fig. 8 of beam column itself, the concrete grammar that beam is connected with post to See Figure 14.Post Zb in framework B-2 also can be connected as a replacement with Zb-1, Zb-2, Zb-3.
The framework Bm-2 of Figure 13 is for log cabin, and structure is completely identical with the framework B-2 structure in Figure 12, Different is only post Zb, vertical brace Az and window and door frame component D-1 is changed to the edge of a wing or the porose Zbm of side plate, vertical Support Azm, window and door frame component Dm-1, and, add the window-frame with window-frame component Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition.
The structure chart of each beam-column node of the framework B-2 that Figure 14 represents can be seen that and work as high-strength bolt Fix beam Lpm, Lqn, post Zb, vertical brace Za, diagonal brace Cs, high-strength bolt S after finishing, this connection Point i.e. defines a rigid joint that can bear pressure and moment of flexure, meanwhile, is connected to underbeam Lpm and beam Vertical brace Za between Lqn, diagonal brace Cs, the stress of the energy lateral force resisting with the not ipsilateral at post for the post Zb composition Framework.
Each node structure of framework Bm-2 is identical with framework B-2, therefore no longer individually illustrates.
The framing component that Figure 15 represents is for multilayer and high level, wherein, and beam Lm, vertical brace Za, diagonal brace Cs And have been described before connector J-3, except for the difference that post, post has a following feature:
1) floor height sectional making pressed by post, and its section is enclosing square, and high strength reinforced concrete can be filled in inside.
2) having welded the beam-ends head Ld being connected with beam on the side of post, the form of the unwelded end of Ld is m.
3) pertusate connection dish has all been welded in the upper and lower end face of each section of post, wherein, in the middle part of the connection dish of lower section The hole of side without rectangle, makes the lower surface of open tubular column close, it is simple to placing concrete in post.Utilize high intensity spiral shell The connection dish of adjacent pillars upper and lower end face can be connected by bolt, makes the post of segmentation connect into whole post.
4) post Zc-a2, Zc-a3, the Zc-a4 in figure for bottom and distinguish can with the 2nd, the 3rd, 4 strutbeams be connected; Zc-b2, Zc-b3, Zc-b4 for intermediate layer and distinguish can with the 2nd, the 3rd, 4 strutbeams be connected, Zc-c2, Zc-c3, Zc-c4 for top layer and distinguish can with the 2nd, the 3rd, 4 strutbeams be connected.The segmentation of Z post is according to the equipment of manufacture and installation Equipment accounts for, can be by layer segmentation (as shown in the figure), it is possible to every two-layer or every 3 layers carry out segmentation.
Figure 16 is the node detail drawing that framework C center pillar is connected with beam, the figure on top be not connected with before, bottom is for even Connect the figure after finishing,
Figure 17 represents the framework C using with the component assembling in Figure 15, is used for tier building.Can in figure See, with the component of limited kind, it is possible to very convenient at the scene by framework assembling: use connector J-3, The beam Lm of intercolumniation can be connected, vertical brace Az, diagonal brace by high-strength bolt S with the beam-ends head being welded on post Cs is also to use high strength exploitation between the upper lower flange of beam.
Figure 18 is the explanation of the steel structure frame by the present invention and aerating armoured concrete slab assembled house, in figure, The framework using is A-2, and it is complete phase that the steel structure frame of other type assembles with aerating armoured concrete slab With.
When aerated concrete panel Bf does floor plates installation, plate is placed on beam, then passes through with bolt and install The plate putting in place and the hole of flange of beam, on the beam fixing by plate.The width of floor plates also presses 300 millimeters or 1 English The modulus processing of chi, two sides of plate have convex-concave groove respectively, are mutually inserted during installation, due to the steel assembling The error of the error of structural framing and aerating armoured concrete slab all can control in the range of millimeter, therefore, and building After plate installs, its upper and lower surface is smooth plane, and surface has reached the final finishing of flooring Requirement to base treatment: above can directly floor tile or timber floor, the finishing to ground can be completed; Only need to carry out simple jointing below and process the finishing that can carry out surface spraying and complete end face.
When aerated concrete panel does body of wall, between the lower flange of the beam being mounted in floor support plate and top thereof, by In having vertical brace, diagonal brace and post along some positions of beam direction, therefore need to use different plates at different positions.
Wa is slab, and wherein the plate above window opening is Wa-1, lower section for Wa-2, the thickness of plate exceedes beam The width on the edge of a wing;Wallboard Wa installs after putting in place, need to be fixed with upper fixing element G-1 and lower fixture G-2;
Wb is thin plate, and the gross thickness of the plate of two pieces of thin plate Wb is the width that the thickness of slab Wa subtracts flange of beam. Wn is the plate in the middle of two pieces of thin plate Wb, and the thickness of Wn is equal to flange of beam width, be used in vertical brace diagonal brace and The position of post.
The installation concrete grammar at each position of wallboard, refers to Figure 19-21.
(in figure, the effect of roof truss connection dish is to connect roof truss beam, and connection dish is fixed by bolts to the upper limb of beam On edge, the construction of roof truss is identical with conventional method, therefore is not illustrated)
Figure 19 is without post vertical brace and diagonal brace position, the structure of aerating armoured concrete slab body of wall and installation:
Body of wall is all using thick wallboard Wa to install without post vertical brace and diagonal brace position, and its installation method is as follows: install Before, it first is temporarily fixed at two wallboard positioning beam Lg bolts on the Za of both sides, its effect makes installation Plate guarantees at same facade.Bolt be placed through between Lg side and the Za edge of a wing between regulation set T, will positioning On the edge of a wing of the Za that beam Lg is fixed on two ends, change the length of joint set T, installed wallboard can be regulated Mutual alignment between the axis of axis and beam.Plate Wa in a pre-installation, also need to be in its upper and lower end face along plate Width opens one narrow slot;When wallboard Wa is installed, first that it is upright, then move this wallboard so that it is with When be attached to the side of upper and lower two wallboard positioning beam Lg, now the position of wallboard has put in place in facade direction. Then along beam, wallboard is moved to the position of regulation, upper fixing element G-1 is inserted the narrow slot of this plate upper surface simultaneously It is stuck in flange of beam both sides, in the narrow slot that lower fixture G-2 is inserted this plate lower surface and the narrow slot in floor plates, Will fix this wallboard.The direction of the convex-concave groove of wallboard side is noted also, it is ensured that adjacent wallboard during installation Convex-concave groove be mutually inserted.Upper and lower fixture only need to insert half when inserting, and second half is adjacent by this wallboard Another block wallboard insert.So, all there is fixture the both sides of each block of wallboard.During additionally, wallboard is installed, The supporting sand of body of wall need to be smeared between the convex-concave groove of the contact site of floor plates and wallboard lower surface and wallboard side Slurry, after G-1 and G-2 of fixture up and down of the insertion wallboard that puts in place installed by wallboard, also needs wallboard upper surface And the gap mortar between flange of beam fills up.
The body of wall of window opening position, by upper and lower wallboard Wa-1, Wa-2 peace of the wallboard Wa of window opening both sides and window opening Dress, method is as follows: wallboard Wa, Wa-1, Wa-2 of window opening both sides in a pre-installation, need to connect with it at outer window frame The one section of sipes of position processing touching, the width ratio outer window frame of sipes is slightly wider, and the degree of depth is 5-10 millimeter.Wa, The side that Wa-1, Wa-2 contact each other also needs two groups of pin holes of each processing.During installation, it should be noted that Outer window frame is installed with body of wall simultaneously, and is different from traditional installation method and outer window frame is arranged on body of wall stays It in the window opening going out, is so to ensure that outer window frame energy bank enters body of wall, be conducive to strengthening between outer window frame and body of wall Sealing.First the wallboard Wa of window opening side and the body of wall Wa-2 of window opening bottom is installed and puts in place during installation, so After outer window frame is placed into wallboard Wa and window opening bottom body of wall W-2 sipes in, wallboard is finally installed again Pin, during installation, need to be inserted the hole of Wa, Wa-1 and Wa-2 side by Wa-1 and Wa.Should also be noted that simultaneously Outer window frame when mounted, puts heat insulation foam in window frame surrounding, with the sealing being further ensured that between outer window frame and body of wall; When same wallboard is installed its side convex-concave groove between need to smear the supporting mortar of body of wall, and install at wallboard After, with supporting mortar, the gap of outer window frame both sides is filled up.
It Figure 20, is that aerating reinforced concrete wall is at post, vertical brace, the position of diagonal brace and the knot in door frame position Structure and installation method, details are as follows:
In the position of post, vertical brace and diagonal brace, body of wall is made up of inner panel Wn and both sides outside plate Wb.During installation first Inner panel is filled in the Delta Region that post, vertical brace and diagonal brace are formed, then is attached to two pieces of outside plate Wb inside and outside column Plate, with bolt through the hole on outside plate, Wb, Za and Cs, is fixed on the both sides of Za, Cs by side.
It at the body of wall of doorway positions, is also to be made up of inner panel Wn and both sides outside plate Wb.The installation method of body of wall In doorframe both sides and same as described above;But above doorframe, being provided with of body of wall is a little distinguished: Wb is divided into Fill at twice after two pieces of 1/2Wn, shown in figure, have been inserted into the Bn of 1/2.After filling in the Bn of 1/2, then Bank enters two pieces upper fixing element G-1, and wherein a G-1 can translate and insert after the Bn of another block 1/2 fills in and puts in place Enter in the narrow slot above it.
Figure 21 is the overall diagram of after aerated concrete wall installs (also non-surface treatment):
It can be seen that wall body structure at top layer crossbeam in figure: at this, body of wall is by being arranged on two pieces of crossbeam both sides Outside plate Wb is constituted: be first that flange of beam width adds the plate Wb of two pieces of outer plate thickness and is fixed by bolts to beam by width Top flange, then plate Wa and Wb composition will be filled in after plate Wb top and bottom end applying mortar that width is deck-molding Plate Wb can be fixed by the upper surface of body of wall and the lower section of the plate Wb being fixed on back timber top flange.Bolt is worn Cross the hole being arranged on the plate Wb of beam both sides and web, be further ensured that crossbeam biside plate Wb is mounted so as to more For reliably.
Figure also can being seen, wallboard Wb plate of cross rail outer at floor crossbeam is mounted in the lower surface of wainscot sheathing And between upper surface.
Plate outside also can seeing wallboard Wb in figure at floor cross member is mounted in the lower surface of body of wall and outdoor ground Between face.
After wallboard installs, inside and outside house, body of wall see be only concrete slab, give people directly perceived Feel it is traditional concrete construction.It is true that this building is than traditional concrete construction in every respect Performance more preferably: owing to this house is the load being undertaken house by steel structure frame, the dead load building in house holds Plate and wallboard are all light materials, and therefore, house has than the house that conventional method is built and higher bears ground The premium properties of the external force such as shake;Owing to the sound isolating and heat insulating performance of aerating armoured concrete slab is better than traditional mixing Body of wall and the floor materials such as solidifying soil, brick, therefore do body of wall and floor with it, the serviceability in house is more preferably;Add Gas armoured concrete slab is inorganic material, will not be aging, and the hardware itself having done antirust treatment is positioned at Not exposing between aerating armoured concrete slab, therefore the service life in house is long;Metal stress frame is had splendid The aerating armoured concrete slab protection of heat-proof quality so that the fire protecting performance in house is more preferably.
Figure 22 is to use plank to do floor plates and wallboard, now does following explanation:
(1), beam column frame need to increase window-frame at window opening;
(2), wallboard is constituted by inner and outer plates, can add thermal and sound insulating materials (not shown) between inner and outer plates;
(3), floor support plate length is beyond the girder steel of its overlap joint, it is simple to lay Side fascia.
(4), the inner and outer plates lateral arrangement of wallboard, pastes Zam, Cs and Dm-1 both sides in the frame respectively, Bolt pass through the hole of Zam, Cs and Dm-1 both sides screw in bank can be by the bank part K of plate inner face Plate is fixed.
(5), the interlaced overlap joint in Side fascia termination on the corner.
(6), bottom wallboard is aerating armoured concrete slab.
After wallboard installs, inside and outside house, house is seen and feel is to build concrete foundation in On the log cabin room of full-wood.Further, not only it gives people's to feel it is full-wood building, its insulation, The comfort level that sound-insulating and heat-insulating etc. are lived is completely identical with biography full-wood building, simultaneously as this house be by Constitutionally stable steel structure frame undertakes the load in house, and therefore, the wooden room that house is built than conventional method has There is the higher premium properties bearing the external force such as earthquake.Additionally, the wooden component used by the present invention only has class product Kind: the plate of different length and thickness, not only manufacturer production is convenient, and installs simple.Particularly house Wallboard, has been completed incrustation process in factory, therefore, after this room completes to install, actually Complete the whole finishing in addition to floor treatment, greatly reduce the cost of labor building a house.
Figure 23 is the Hydroelectric Project Construction explanation of the present invention,
The present invention is in order to ensure that water power also can fast be installed after wallboard floor plates is installed and put in place, therefore to need to enter The wallboard at row hydropower installation position, in a pre-installation pipeline and outlet box at wallboard relevant position pre-plugged. Additionally, the main line of the water power communication in room is all laid along the web of the H girder steel above body of wall, the promising water of institute Electric line all can pipeline leads to the web of H girder steel and main line is connected as water power pipeline and water along pre-plugged The Fast Installation of electricity facility, provides favourable condition.Below, as follows to the general description of construction of water, electricity respectively:
Needing to arrange on the wallboard of the position of faucet, pre-plugged water outlet box and connect water outlet box simultaneously The pipe of pass-out wallboard upper surface.The diameter of buried underground pipe is more than the diameter of outlet pipe at this, it is simple to passes through and connects (feed pipe need to use the plastics of certain flexibility for main line at web and the feed pipe between depotition cock Pipe or PAP).
Construction of cable run schematic diagram is seen, the construction with pipeline is similar, and the box being embedded on wallboard can be according to respectively Kind require and different: box is respectively the base of master switch, socket, wall switch and wall lamp.In box accordingly Circuit be also to be led to above wallboard by pre-buried pipeline all in wallboard, the main line with corresponding circuit Connect.
After all circuits of water power install, with plate Wb, exposed girder steel closing can be made the wall of indoor Face becomes one.
Owing to Roof system uses traditional design and construction, therefore roof structure and construction are not explained.

Claims (19)

1. the component that steel or other metals are made is connected into the beam column frame being fixed on ground, is then fixed on aerating armoured concrete slab or plank on framework, completes the construction in house by a method of construction for house class building with high-strength bolt and connector.
2. the various components using in claim 1, low-rise building is built framework A-1, A-2, Am-1, Am-2:
Component Za that framework is used for, Zam, Af, Cs, its rod member section is H type, the equal hole of plate at two ends, wherein Za, Zam, Cs, on the edge of a wing at least 2 round hole, Cs hole on its web;
Component Lm, Ln and Lmn in framework, its rod member section is also H type, the form of termination is m, n two kinds, the form of m, n is for all having at least 1 round hole on the edge of a wing and web, and the end of n cuts away one section of edge of a wing, all different length specifications component Lm, Ln and Lmn, its length difference is the integral multiple of 150 millimeters or 0.5 foot;
Component D-1, Dm-1, D-2 and Dm-2 in framework, its rod member section is open rectangle, porose on the plate of two ends welding, wherein, there is the corresponding hole with D-2 end face the bottom surface of component D-1, and the two sides of D-1 are respectively arranged with three holes, and two sides of Dm-1 are respectively arranged with the round hole that sum is not less than 12;
All pertusate for one section of each face groove is bent into 90 degree by being shaped as of connector J-1 and J-2 in framework, J-1, and the one end by all pertusate for one section of each face groove that is shaped as of connector J-2 is closed, and also porose on sealing surface.
3. the framework A-1 for low-rise building in claim 1, the feature of its structure is: suspension column Af is fixed on column foundation, beam Lm, Ln are connected into plane beam frame by high intensity connecting bolt and connector J-2, J-2, bottom-layer beam frame is fixed on end face on Af by high-strength bolt, Za is bolted between the plane beam frame that beam forms by high intensity screw and with suspension column Af in same upright position, and the door frame of D-1, D-2 composition is also fixed between plane beam frame by high-strength bolt.
4. the framework Am-1 for low-rise building in claim 1, the feature of its structure is identical with framework A-1, and do not exist together only Zam, Dm-1 instead of Za, the D-1 in framework A-1, and add the window-frame of Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition.
5. the framework A-2 for low-rise building in claim 1, it is structurally characterized in that on the basis of framework A-1, and at least both sides or the side at a Za adds Za and Cs, and Cs fixes between two Za and the rectangle frame of upper underbeam composition.
6. the framework Am-2 in claim 1, the feature of its structure is identical with framework A-2, and do not exist together only Zam, Dm-1 instead of Za, the D-1 in framework A-2, and add the window-frame of Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition.
7. the various components in framework B-1, B-2, Bm-1 and the Bm-2 for low-rise building building in claim 1: beam BLpm, BLqm, Lm, post Bz, Bzm, Bz-1, Bmm-1, Bz-2, Bmm-2, Bz-3, Bmm-3, vertical brace Za, Zam, diagonal brace Cs, window and door frame component D-1, Dm-1, D-2, Dm-2, connector J-3, wherein, the section of beam BLpm, BLqm is H type, and wherein the form of one end of BLpm, BLqm is for having welded pertusate plate, and the form of the other end is m;J-3 for one section of groove, all there is one group of hole in 3 each faces of groove;Lm, Za, Cs, D-1, Dm-1, D-2, Dm-2 and J-1, J-2 are identical with claim 2.
8. such as the framework B-1 for low-rise building in claim 1, the feature of its structure is: Bz (or the whole post connecting into Bz-1, Bz-1, Bz-1 replaces Bz) is fixed on column foundation, bolt is fixed on beam BLpm on the edge of a wing of Bz, beam BLqm is fixed on the web of Bz, post is asked by high-strength bolt and connector J-3 again two sections of beams (or 3 sections of beams, centre adds a beam Lm and two connectors) it is connected as whole beam, form overall beam column frame.
9. such as the framework Bm-1 for low-rise building in claim 1, the feature of its structure is identical with framework B-1, the only Bzm (or Bzm-1, Bzm-2, Bzm-3) that do not exists together instead of the Bz (or Bz-1, Bz-2, Bz-3) in framework B-1, Dm-1 instead of the D-1 in framework B-1, and adds the window-frame of Dm-1 and Dm-2 composition.
10. as in claim 1 for the framework B-2 of low-rise building, it is structurally characterized in that in the both sides of at least post Zb of framework B-1 or side, and adding vertical brace Za and diagonal brace Cs, Cs is fixed between Zb, Za and the rectangle frame of upper underbeam composition.
The framework Bm-2 for low-rise building in 11. such as claim 1, the feature of its structure is identical with framework B-2, do not exist together only Bzm (or Bzm-1, Bzm-2, Bzm-3), the Bz (or Bz-1, Bz-2, Bz-3) that instead of in framework B-2, Azm, Dm-1 replace Az, the D-1 in framework B-2, and add the window-frame of Dm-1 and D-2 composition.
The various components in the framework C for tier building building in 12. such as claim 1: post Zc-a2, Zc-a3, Zc-a4, Zc-b2, Zc-b3, Zc-b4, Zc-c2, Ze-c3, Zc-c4, and other components Lm, Za, Cs, J-3, wherein, the section of post is rectangle, the cross dimensions more than post has been welded at two ends, and at the pertusate plate of periphery, there is the rectangular opening of interior sky as post section in the middle of the plate of one end, the plate atresia of the other end, post can be closed, it is easy to fill strong concrete, the at least two sides weldering of post all meets one section of beam Ld, the form of the other end of institute's welded grider is m;Za, Cs, Lm are identical with claim 2, and connector J-3 is identical with claim 7.
Framework C: the corner-pillar of framework C for tier building building in 13. such as claim 1 is made up of a Zc-a2 and Zc-c2, a branched Zc-b2;Limit center pillar (with 3 posts being connected) is made up of a Zc-a3, a Zc-c3 and branched Zc-b3;Center pillar (with 4 posts being connected) is made up of a Zc-a4, a Zc-c4 and branched Zc-b4;Lm is formed by connecting with the Ld being welded on cylinder by intercolumniation beam by high-strength bolt and J-3;It in the side of part post, is connected between the rectangular frame that post, Az and upper underbeam form by Cs, be formed in the shearing resistance framework on different facade.
The floor structure in all frameworks for the present invention in 14. such as claim 1, this structure is to be placed on the beam of said frame with aerated concrete panel or solid wood, and the edge of a wing passing through above plate and beam with bolt is fixed.
The body of wall in all frameworks for the present invention in 15. such as claim 1 and body of wall fixture, body of wall is made up of thick wallboard Wa (including Wa-1 and Wa-2) and two pieces of thin wallboard Wb and the wallboard Wn being positioned between two blocks of wallboards thereof, and the thickness equal to Wa for the gross thickness of two pieces of Wbw deducts the thickness of Wn;The section configuration of the fixture G-1 of thick wall body is to be opening up open rectangle above tee, and the inner width of opening is equal to deck-siding, and under body of wall, fixture is bonding jumper.
In 16. such as claim 1 in house aerating reinforced concrete wall panel the installation of thick wallboard Wa and fixing means: Wa to be fixed on the lower wings of square beam on floor support plate and this floor intermarginal, all there is groove the upper and lower end face of Wa, Wa installs after putting in place, wallboard upper fixing element G-1 is inserted the groove of the upper surface of Wa the both sides, lower flange being stuck in square beam on Wa, under wallboard, the lower surface of fixture insertion Wa is with the groove on floorboard, makes plate maintain static in the direction vertical with metope.
The structure of the house wood wallboard in 17. such as claim 1 and installation method thereof: the body of wall of log cabin is made up of the plank on post, vertical brace and diagonal brace and wall stand both sides and the heat insulation foam of centre, the wood horizontal dress of wallboard, the convex-concave groove that its top and bottom have, the inner face of plate at least bank enters 2 groups of nuts, and plate is fixed by the nut that the inner face bank of the hole screw-in plate that bolt passes through post, vertical brace and wall stand enters.
The installation of house water power circuit in 18. such as claim 1: the water power circuit in body of wall each leads to, at the web of upper square beam, be connected with the main line at web.
When in 19. such as claim 1, house aerating plate does body of wall, built-in process in aerating plate for the water power track laying pipeline: lead to the outlet box being embedded in body of wall in the one end of the pipeline being imbedded in wallboard, the upper surface of other end pass-out body of wall.
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CN110616822A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-27 中国地质大学(北京) Combined wall with L-shaped section of surface layer of light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board and manufacturing method thereof
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CN110670762A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-10 张家口建工集团广建新型建筑节能材料有限公司 Light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board surface layer in-line combined wall and manufacturing method
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CN110777963A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-02-11 中国地质大学(北京) Combined wall with T-shaped section of surface layer of light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board and manufacturing method thereof

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CN106786266A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 上海市建工设计研究院有限公司 Prefabrication and assembly construction steel house cable and wire laying system and its construction method
CN107761963A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-06 广西旭腾实业集团有限公司 Concrete structure novel fabricated building system and its assembly method
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CN110616822A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-27 中国地质大学(北京) Combined wall with L-shaped section of surface layer of light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board and manufacturing method thereof
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CN110670762A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-10 张家口建工集团广建新型建筑节能材料有限公司 Light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board surface layer in-line combined wall and manufacturing method
CN110670763A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-10 张家口建工集团广建新型建筑节能材料有限公司 Light steel-cable strut-jointed board-composite board surface layer cross-shaped section combined wall and manufacturing method
CN110777963A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-02-11 中国地质大学(北京) Combined wall with T-shaped section of surface layer of light steel-steel cable-small-diameter material-composite board and manufacturing method thereof

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