CN106145374A - A kind of ecological canal with repair function and the laying method of these irrigation canals and ditches - Google Patents

A kind of ecological canal with repair function and the laying method of these irrigation canals and ditches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106145374A
CN106145374A CN201610838076.0A CN201610838076A CN106145374A CN 106145374 A CN106145374 A CN 106145374A CN 201610838076 A CN201610838076 A CN 201610838076A CN 106145374 A CN106145374 A CN 106145374A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
layer
ecological
ditches
floating island
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CN201610838076.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘畅
李尝君
张翼维
许诺
马攀
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Hunan Tianquan Ecological Grass Industrial Engineering (ie) Co Ltd
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Hunan Tianquan Ecological Grass Industrial Engineering (ie) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610838076.0A priority Critical patent/CN106145374A/en
Publication of CN106145374A publication Critical patent/CN106145374A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of ecological canal with repair function, including: the impervious barrier preventing current from permeating laid the most successively, the plantation layer supplying aquatic plants growth and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer of water plant;Described plantation layer is provided with trapezoidal faces, and described water plant blanket layer is laid in the trapezoidal faces being fixed on plantation layer.The irrigation canals and ditches of the present invention are internal uses antiseepage film and plantation layer directly to lay, and maintains the rich and varied property of species, and water plant blanket layer is laid on the top of plantation layer, and deep layer repairs water body, and the mode of constructing of these irrigation canals and ditches instead of traditional reinforced concrete structure.The laying method of the present invention comprises the steps: () smooth irrigation canals and ditches, () lays impervious barrier, and () lays ecologic planting layer, and () lays water plant blanket layer, () planting plants, () installs baffle device for water.The tensile property of the water plant blanket that the present invention is laid is good, and what the non-woven fabrics of laying made water plant blanket with plastic wire becomes blanket effective.

Description

A kind of ecological canal with repair function and the laying method of these irrigation canals and ditches
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of water and soil engineering, especially relate to a kind of ecological canal with repair function and be somebody's turn to do The laying method of irrigation canals and ditches.
Background technology
Along with the continuous progress of society, in order to reach the requirement of country's sponge physical construction planning, urban architecture is increasingly Many, the biggest problem that urban planning is brought is the problem of sewerage system, and sewerage system is to process and get rid of city The job facilities system of sewage and rainwater, is the important component part of urban public utilities, owing to urban planning needs to consider U.S. The factor such as environment and environmental protection of change, therefore, building irrigation canals and ditches in city is a kind of requisite method.
Irrigation canals and ditches, are the public utilities built for city water transfer and water distribution of people, due to urban architecture planning the most not Perfect, when building irrigation canals and ditches, existing river is often flexure type, if built according to the naturalness in river, outward appearance is imitated Fruit certainly will not be fine, is at this moment accomplished by curving cut-off river, so that irrigation canals and ditches diversion smoothly;It addition, in order to improve The runoff transfer efficiency in river, economizes the land resource, and builds the domatic of the method that irrigation canals and ditches also typically employ hardening, i.e. irrigation canals and ditches and adopts Construct mode with cement concrete, use such method, decrease the pollution of earth, make city more clean and tidy, and water The raw material resources of cement concrete enriches, and takes facility, applies in irrigation canals and ditches are built, it is also possible to colour concrete, will The concrete product of the different color and lusters prepared is laid in urban architecture, it is also possible to reach the requirement beautified the environment.
Building above-mentioned irrigation canals and ditches to need to use cement concrete, during building, required cost is higher, and And the irrigation canals and ditches using armored concrete to build do not have the function of nature infiltration, the water-holding capacity causing irrigation canals and ditches is poor, especially meets To when raining heavyly, owing to rainfall is the most, the water drainage scarce capacity in city, and irrigation canals and ditches can not seep water naturally, avenue is just There will be the situation of torrential rivers, urban economy causes the slope body of certain loss, especially irrigation canals and ditches suffer rain drop erosion shape When becoming jointing, the reparation to jointing can not reach good repairing effect, bring the biggest difficulty to the maintenance service in later stage, It addition, irrigation canals and ditches are carried out back cover with concrete, ground will be more smooth, and appearance is good, but concrete can not ooze naturally Water, is not only unfavorable for the growth of plant root, and concrete does not has repair function to water body.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function and these irrigation canals and ditches, to solve Certainly present in prior art, irrigation canals and ditches use traditional xoncrete structure to build, and cause the water-retention of irrigation canals and ditches, anti-flood capacity Differ from, and concrete does not has the problems such as repair function to water body.
A kind of ecological canal with repair function that the present invention provides, including: that lays the most successively prevents water The impervious barrier of stream infiltration, the plantation layer supplying aquatic plants growth and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer of water plant;
Described plantation layer is provided with trapezoidal faces, and described water plant blanket layer is laid in the trapezoidal faces being fixed on plantation layer.
Further, the top water surface of described water plant blanket layer is provided with ecological floating island.
Further, described ecological floating island connecting and has screw rod and swivel nut, described ecological floating island to have through hole, screw rod passes Through hole and vertically can sliding in through hole, one end of described screw rod is connected to the bottom, the other end of screw rod and swivel nut Connect, make the bottom surface of swivel nut be against on the end face of ecological floating island.
Further, described ecological floating island connects and has fixing bar and resilient sleeve, described ecological floating island to have through hole, fixing Bar is through through hole and vertically can slide in through hole, and one end of described fixing bar is connected to the bottom, fixes the another of bar One end is connected with resilient sleeve, makes the bottom surface of resilient sleeve be against on the end face of ecological floating island.
Further, the top water surface of described water plant blanket layer is provided with multiple check dam and blocks water grid.
The present invention also provides for a kind of ecological canal with repair function, including: that lays the most successively prevents water The impervious barrier of stream infiltration, the plantation layer supplying aquatic plants growth and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer of water plant;
Described plantation layer is provided with arcwall face, and described water plant blanket layer is laid on the arcwall face being fixed on plantation layer.
The present invention also provides for the laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function, comprises the steps:
() smooth irrigation canals and ditches
Dike face and bottom surface to irrigation canals and ditches carry out smooth respectively;
() lays impervious barrier
Impervious material is laid on the surface of irrigation canals and ditches;
() lays ecologic planting layer
Impervious material is sowed grass seeds by duster ecologic planting layer, for aquatic plants growth;
() lays water plant blanket layer
Plant blanket is laid on the top of plantation layer, and plant blanket is fixed on the top of plantation layer;
() planting plants
At the bottom surface kind planting submerged plant of irrigation canals and ditches, the water surface configuration ecological floating island on irrigation canals and ditches top;
() installs baffle device for water
The water surface on irrigation canals and ditches top is installed check dam and blocks water grid.
Further, screw rod is installed at the two ends of described ecological floating island, and swivel nut is connected with one end waterborne of screw rod, ecological floating island It is placed in the bottom of swivel nut.
Further, fixing bar is installed at the two ends of described ecological floating island, and resilient sleeve is connected with one end waterborne of fixing bar, raw State chinampa is placed in the bottom of resilient sleeve.
Further, the Impervious surface coverage of described impervious material is 90%~100%.
The present invention provide a kind of ecological canal with repair function, including the impervious barrier laid the most successively, Plantation layer and water plant blanket layer, due to the antiseepage better function of impervious barrier, greatly reduce the maintenance cost in later stage, described kind Plant the impervious barrier bottom layer cooperation, make that there is preferable barrier performance on the whole, the water plant blanket layer on upper strata is served very Good supporting role, the most also the water plant blanket layer for upper strata provides certain nutrient;Described water plant blanket layer kind Planting water plant, water plant has good absorbability to the nitrogen in sewage and phosphorus, and the vegetation of irrigation canals and ditches can keep the four seasons Evergreen, can the most stably repair water body, the inwall of plantation layer uses the structure of trapezoidal faces, and trapezoidal faces is more smooth, plant blanket It is fixed on plantation layer, makes the fixing more firm of plant blanket, it addition, the plant in irrigation canals and ditches can also be gathered in, be used for raiseeing The cultivation of fowl fishing etc., and the problem of non-secondary pollution, the present invention uses the knot directly laying impervious barrier, layer of plants and plant blanket Structure, instead of the process of traditional concrete stone_masonry and plant growing, thus decreases manpower and materials.The present invention also provides for one Having the laying method of the ecological canal of repair function, comprise the steps: () smooth irrigation canals and ditches, () lays impervious barrier, () Laying ecologic planting layer, () lays water plant blanket layer, () planting plants, and () installs baffle device for water.Use the present invention Above-mentioned laying method, laying structure is simple, and the mounting means of baffle device for water is simple to operation, and the method can be to a certain degree Integrated cost built by upper saving irrigation canals and ditches, and is conducive to keeping the microbiologic population in irrigation canals and ditches and bio-diversity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the specific embodiment of the invention, attached by use required for detailed description of the invention below Figure is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawing in describing below is some embodiments of the present invention, general for this area From the point of view of logical technical staff, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of water plant blanket layer of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is embodiment one structural representation of ecological floating island of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is embodiment two structural representation of ecological floating island of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the overall structure schematic diagram of irrigation canals and ditches of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the laying method flow chart of irrigation canals and ditches of the present invention.
Reference:
11-impervious barrier;12-kind plants layer;13-water plant blanket layer;
14-ecological floating island;15-check dam;16-blocks water grid.
141-screw rod;142-swivel nut;143-fixes bar;
144-resilient sleeve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described enforcement Example is a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " vertically ", " level ", " end face ", etc. the orientation of instruction or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to just In describe the present invention and simplifying describe rather than instruction or the hint device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with Specific azimuth configuration and operation, be therefore not considered as limiting the invention.Additionally, term " first ", " second " are only used In describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicate or hint relative importance.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connects " and should do Broadly understood, connect for example, it may be fixing, it is also possible to be to removably connect, or be integrally connected;Can be to be joined directly together, Can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, can understand above-mentioned with concrete condition Term concrete meaning in the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;Fig. 2 is the cross section structure signal of the embodiment of the present invention two Figure;Fig. 3 is the structural representation of water plant blanket layer of the present invention;Fig. 4 is embodiment one structural representation of ecological floating island of the present invention Figure;Fig. 5 is embodiment two structural representation of ecological floating island of the present invention;Fig. 6 is the overall structure schematic diagram of irrigation canals and ditches of the present invention;Figure 7 is the laying method flow chart of irrigation canals and ditches of the present invention.
As it is shown in figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of ecological canal with repair function, including: lay the most successively Prevent impervious barrier 11 that current permeate, plantation layer 12 and planting for aquatic plants growth be implanted with the water plant blanket of water plant Layer 13;
Described plantation layer 12 is provided with trapezoidal faces, and described water plant blanket layer 13 lays the trapezoidal faces being fixed on plantation layer 12 On.
Described irrigation canals and ditches carry out smooth after, be equipped with impervious barrier 11 on the surface of irrigation canals and ditches, described impervious barrier 11 uses to be had Certain elastic impervious material with toughness, is possible to prevent the root system of plant to penetrate, and described impervious barrier 11 uses antiseepage film, described Antiseepage film uses geotextiles, and described geotextiles includes multilamellar, and centre is provided with polythene material layer, and polyethylene film for earthwork is main Being made by milky to opaque thermoplastic resin material-polyvinyl resin, polyethylene is high molecular polymerization Thing, is the white particle of nonpoisonous and tasteless odorless, and fusing point is between 110 DEG C~130 DEG C, relative density be 0.918~0.965 it Between, owing to antiseepage film has good thermostability and tolerance to cold, and chemical stability is good, has higher rigidity and toughness, resistance to The corrosion of acid, alkali, organic solvent etc., is applied to the field of antiseep of artificial lake, sloot antiseepage and water channel antiseepage etc., antiseepage Effective, infiltration coefficient is less than 10~17cm/s.Described plantation layer 12 is used for the growth for water plant, and plantation layer 12 can Play good supporting role, coordinate the impervious barrier 11 of bottom, make that there is preferable barrier performance on the whole, also be able to simultaneously into The water plant blanket layer 13 on upper strata provides certain nutrient, and in order to keep the stability planting layer 12, described plantation layer 12 is laid Thickness range between 8~12cm, and interior shape is inverted trapezoidal, so that water plant blanket layer 13 is contained in plantation layer 12 In the trapezoidal faces being internally formed, between water plant blanket layer 13 and the plantation layer 12 of described trapezoidal faces both sides, use multiple Liu Ding solid Fixed connection, prevents water plant blanket layer 13 landing from plantation layer 12 of trapezoidal faces both sides, and described the aquatic of trapezoidal faces bottom surface is planted Multiple rivet can also be used to fix between thing blanket layer 13 with plantation layer 12 to be connected, the water plant blanket layer to plantation layer 12 top 13 are fixed again, and described water plant blanket layer 13 has extraordinary restoration of the ecosystem effect, makes full use of the whole of irrigation canals and ditches Body space, plays long-term and stable purification to the water body flowed through, and that is planted at water plant blanket layer 13 bottom surface is aquatic Plant has good absorbability to the nitrogen in sewage, phosphorus, makes the irrigation canals and ditches vegetation four seasons evergreen, the most stably repairs water body, irrigation canals and ditches Interior plant can also be gathered in, and cultivates for poultry fishing, and does not has the problem of secondary pollution, described water plant blanket 13 If thickness the thickest, will increase entirety weight, be not easy to carrying and construction, if the thinnest, contained substrate is the most not Can meet the needs of aquatic plants growth, span is between 1~3cm, and optimal value is the thickness of 2cm.
The base material of described plantation layer 12 includes concrete for plant growth, organic compost, loess and additive;Described water plant blanket The substrate of layer 13 includes pond sludge and rotted leaf.Described base material uses concrete for plant growth, organic compost, loess and additive according to necessarily Ratio mix, the good water-retaining property of described concrete for plant growth, have that bank protection is permeable, the wave absorption that prevents erosion, antidetonation are planted The effect give birth to, improve the ecological environment, purified water, and easy construction, setting rate is fast.Described organic compost be utilize various Plant residue, such as: crop straw, weeds, leaves, peat, rubbish and other garbage etc. are primary raw material, mixes people and animals Fecaluria is through the organic fertilizer of composting decomposition, owing to contained nutrient substance is abundanter, and fertilizer efficiency length and stablize, have simultaneously Be beneficial to promote the formation of soil solid particles structure, can increase soil water-retaining, be incubated, breathe freely, the ability of fertilizer conservation, and mix with chemical fertilizer It is single that use can make up again nutrient contained by chemical fertilizer.Described loess is the most fertile a kind of soil layer, possesses soil humic layer, leaching Layer, three layers of feature of illuvium, and homogeneous, containing the most calcareous or loess concretion, concrete dynamic modulus, there is significant vertical joints, Time dry harder.Above-mentioned concrete for plant growth, organic compost, loess and additive mixing, make the firm performance of plantation layer 12 more Good, good water-retaining property.
As in figure 2 it is shown, be the cross section structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two, the present invention provides one to have repair function Ecological canal, including: the impervious barrier 11 preventing current from permeating laid the most successively, plantation for aquatic plants growth Layer 12 and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer 13 of water plant;
Described plantation layer 12 is provided with arcwall face, and described water plant blanket layer 13 lays the arcwall face being fixed on plantation layer 12 On.
The present embodiment is with the difference of embodiment one: described plantation layer 12 has arcwall face, makes water plant blanket layer 13 It is contained in the arcwall face of plantation layer 12, uses multiple between water plant blanket layer 13 and the plantation layer 12 of described arcwall face both sides Liu Ding is fixing to be connected, and prevents the water plant blanket layer 13 of arcwall face both sides from plantation layer 12 landing, and remaining implementation is all with real Execute example one identical.
As it is shown on figure 3, the bottom of described water plant blanket 13 is equipped with nylon and plastic wire, then re-lay one layer of base Matter, in the top planting aquatic plants of substrate.Described water plant blanket layer 13 uses the pond sludge of jewelry, expensive clothing and other valuables and rotted leaf to cultivate, numerous Being bred as having certain stretching and the plant blanket of toughness, described pond sludge is with Organic substances such as animal wastes, rotted leaf, straw, bio-fertilizers For raw material, under flooding condition, decomposed a kind of organic fertilizer of retting after mixing by anaerobe, containing nitrogen, phosphorus, The nutritional labelings such as potassium.Described rotted leaf is the important component part of forest soil, has water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility, holding The features such as bio-diversity.Above-mentioned pond sludge and rotted leaf combine and the good water-retaining property of plant blanket, nutritional labeling can be made sufficient.Described The water plant of water plant blanket layer 13 is any one or a few in Hydrocotyle vulgaris L., Herba Dichodrae, Herba Commelinae Diffusae, hornwort, black algae Combination.Described Hydrocotyle vulgaris L. is tight to water quality requirement, can cultivate in the fresh water that hardness is relatively low, to the demand of fertilizer relatively Many, strain shape is attractive in appearance, and leaf color is verdant, for one of water plant easily planted again attractive in appearance, is particularly suitable for pond greening and uses.Described Horse hoof The strong adaptability of gold, aggressiveness is strong, and vitality is vigorous, and has certain resistance to trample ability, and soil is required the strictest by it. Described Herba Commelinae Diffusae has stolon, and aggressiveness is strong, and blade and is born in base portion, is easily formed smooth domatic, suitable soil types Relatively wide, drought resisting, moisture-proof, there is certain wear tolerance, owing to its rhizome is flourishing, impoverishment tolerant soil, it is best suitable for making for pond Water and soil conservation.Described hornwort is the heavy aqueous water plant of perennial herb, is extensively planted at small lakes hydrostatic, or pond The places such as the pool.Described black algae is commonly called as WEMSI grass, lantern common vetch, common vetch etc. of walking around, and belongs to Hydrocharctaceae, and the perennial heavy water of black Trentepohlia unifacial leaf is planted Thing, is common in pool, for the good feedstuff of freshwater fish, the greening of suitable shallow water, indoor water body greening, makees vegetation under water, resistance to High temperature, does not pollute pond water quality, and stubble regeneration capacity is strong, the advantage such as is not easily broken.
Further, the top water surface of described water plant blanket layer 13 is provided with ecological floating island 14.
Described ecological floating island 14 is equidistantly positioned multiple, and the distance between described ecological floating island 14 can also be different, raw State chinampa 14 is a kind of water quality for eutrophication, utilizes ecological engineering principle, COD in degradation water, nitrogen, the content of phosphorus Artificial floating island, can make water transparency increase substantially, and water quality index is also improved simultaneously, particularly has algae Well inhibition, ecological floating island 14 also has good effect to purification of water quality, utilizes in the Root Absorption water of plant Eutrophication materials, such as phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen, Organic substance etc. so that the nutrition of water body is shifted, in root system film, microorganism produces Float in polysaccharide energy active adsorption water, thus alleviate water body due to close or the water body that brings of self-loopa deficiency is stench, Eutrophication.
Further, described ecological floating island 14 connecting and has screw rod 141 and swivel nut 142, described ecological floating island 14 has logical Hole, screw rod 141 is through through hole and vertically can slide in through hole, and one end of described screw rod 141 is connected to the bottom, spiral shell The other end of bar 141 is connected with swivel nut 142, makes the bottom surface of swivel nut 142 be against on the end face of ecological floating island 14.
As shown in Figure 4, described ecological floating island 14 could be arranged to Manual elevating type, and described ecological floating island 14 is provided with logical Hole, screw rod 141, through the through hole of ecological floating island 14, makes ecological floating island 14 move up and down along screw rod 141, and on screw rod 141 Having scale value, the position of ecological floating island 14 can be adjusted by testing staff according to water level change at scale value, when When rainfall is many, the position of swivel nut 142 is rotated up by testing staff, makes the position of ecological floating island 14 move up, works as rainfall When amount is few, the position of swivel nut 142 is rotated down by testing staff, makes the position of ecological floating island 14 move down.Described screw rod 141 Corresponding two can be used, it would however also be possible to employ four, the horizontal level of ecological floating island 14 is fixed, good stability, The bottom of described screw rod 141 is tip shape, more stable when inserting water-bed.
Further, on described ecological floating island 14, connection has fixing bar 143 and resilient sleeve 144, described ecological floating island 14 to have Having through hole, fixing bar 143 through through hole and vertically can slide in through hole, and one end of described fixing bar 143 connects At the bottom, the other end of fixing bar 14 is connected with resilient sleeve 144, makes the bottom surface of resilient sleeve 144 be against the end face of ecological floating island 14 On.
As it is shown in figure 5, described ecological floating island 14 has the function of automatic lifting, could be arranged to automatic-lifting type, by Need manually constantly to measure, regulate in above-mentioned manual regulation ecological floating island 14, thus waste manpower, and the mistake measured Difference is big, and data are inaccurate, and the position causing regulation is the most inaccurate, and ecological floating island 14 is set to automatic-lifting type, fixing bar 143 Through the through hole of ecological floating island 14, making ecological floating island 14 move up and down along fixing bar 143, resilient sleeve 144 uses rubber sleeve, and Being set on fixing bar 143, prevent the position of ecological floating island 14 from moving, when rainfall is many, ecological floating island 14 upwards moves automatically Dynamic, the position of ecological floating island 14 is defined by the rubber sleeve on fixing bar 143, and when rainfall is few, ecological floating island 14 is automatic Moving down, the position of ecological floating island 14 is defined by the rubber sleeve on fixing bar 143, and ecological floating island 14 can basis at any time The change of water level, is automatically adjusted the position of ecological floating island 14, saves manual operation, and the precision being automatically adjusted is high, uses more Facility.Described fixing bar 143 can use corresponding two, it would however also be possible to employ four, the horizontal position to ecological floating island 14 Putting and be fixed, good stability, the bottom of described fixing bar 143 is tip shape, more stable when inserting water-bed.
Further, the top water surface of described water plant blanket layer 13 is provided with multiple check dam 15 and blocks water grid 16.
As shown in Figure 6, described check dam 15 and block water grid 16 and can need to be set to multiple according to actually used, use With interception channel current with raising of water level or the flow of regulation current, concentrate head, act primarily as flood control, water-retention, cut dirty, protection The effect in the river course of irrigation canals and ditches.
A kind of ecological canal with repair function that the present invention provides, uses and lays impervious barrier, life the most successively State concrete gushs the form of substrate and plant blanket, and configures a number of ecological floating island, described ecological floating island at the water surface Can be the ecological floating island of lifting type, it is also possible to for swimming in the portable ecological floating island on the water surface, for the life of lifting type During state chinampa, at any time the height of ecological floating island can be adjusted, the height of ecological floating island according to the change of water level in river course Manual type can be used to adjust, it is also possible to use self-action to adjust, also set up a number of check dam in river course and block boom Lattice, can play the effect of water-retention and flood fighting.The overall space of irrigation canals and ditches has been carried out sufficiently combining by the structure of above-mentioned ecological canal Closing and utilize, be favorably improved the rich and varied property of species, water body purification is with better function, water-retention, flood control, retaining power and overall view Effect all has bigger lifting, with low cost, does not has secondary pollution risk.
As it is shown in fig. 7, the present invention also provides for the laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function, including walking as follows Rapid:
() smooth irrigation canals and ditches
The degree of depth, the width of bottom and slope ratio according to irrigation canals and ditches, the rubble of ditch surface, surface dust are carried out smooth after, respectively Dike face and bottom surface to irrigation canals and ditches carry out smooth, then lay loess or eco-concrete;
() lays impervious barrier
Lay impervious material on the surface of irrigation canals and ditches, antiseepage film selected by described impervious material;
() lays ecologic planting layer
Spraying sowing layer 12 on impervious material, for aquatic plants growth, makes the interior shape of plantation layer 12 in falling ladder Shape, the both sides of irrigation canals and ditches have trapezoidal faces;
() lays water plant blanket layer
Plant blanket is laid on the top of plantation layer 12, i.e. plant blanket be contained in plantation inverted trapezoidal face within layer 12, And with Liu Ding plant blanket is fixed on the two sides of plantation layer 12,;
() planting plants
At the bottom surface kind planting submerged plant of plant blanket, described submerged plant be black algae, hornwort etc. one or both Mixing, the water surface configuration ecological floating island 14 on irrigation canals and ditches top, described ecological floating island 14 can need to join according to the length in river course It is set to multiple;
() installs baffle device for water
The water surface on irrigation canals and ditches top is installed check dam 15 and blocks water grid 16, described check dam 15 and block water grid 16 can Need to install multiple, to improve the water-retention in river course, flood fighting, retaining power with the length according to river course.
Further, screw rod 141 is installed at the two ends of described ecological floating island 14, and swivel nut 142 connects with one end waterborne of screw rod 141 Connecing, ecological floating island 14 is placed in the bottom of swivel nut 142.
Manual rotation swivel nut 142, makes swivel nut 142 move up and down along screw rod 141, so that ecological floating island 14 is along screw rod 141 move up and down at the water surface, are adjusted the position of ecological floating island 14.
Further, fixing bar 143 is installed at the two ends of described ecological floating island 14, and resilient sleeve 144 is waterborne with fixing bar 143 One end connects, and ecological floating island 14 is placed in the bottom of resilient sleeve 144.
Described automatically move up and down along with the water surface along fixing bar 144 ecological floating island 14, the water level of ecological floating island 14 is entered Row sum-equal matrix, the position of fixing bar 143 is fixed by resilient sleeve 144.
Further, the Impervious surface coverage of described impervious material is 90%~100%.
Selected antiseepage film can use geotextiles, described geotextiles to include multilamellar, and centre is provided with polyethylene material The bed of material, Impervious surface coverage is more than 90%, makes antiseepage film have certain pliability and retractility, is possible to prevent the root of water plant Fasten.
The laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function of the present invention, use antiseepage film, plantation layer and Plant blanket is directly laid, and instead of traditional method and uses concrete stone_masonry and plant growing process, reduces manpower and materials and disappears Consumption, builds up immediate effect good, immediately covers green, assist hard scape stage props made from cloth, pliable plastic, or other soft materials measure, form ecological beautiful landscape belt, and antiseepage function is relatively Good, later stage operation expense is relatively low, and efficiency of construction is high, and the plant blanket in river course is conducive to maintaining the rich and varied property of species, More natural ecology, can maintain original natural irrigation canals and ditches substrate and Di Mian ecological community, form optimum water system ecosystem structure, fill Dividing and utilize aquatic animals and plants and microorganism good to physics interception, the alimentation of water pollutant, biodegradation is strong, preferably It is simple that the noxious pollutant in water body, described check dam and the mounting means blocking water grid are repaired in ground, easily operates.
Ecological canal of the present invention is not only applicable to structure and the transformation of sponge urban construction ecology water system, the most applicable In irrigated area, rural area water conservancy irrigation canals and ditches ecological reconstruction and the construction of ecological canal.
Last it is noted that various embodiments above is only in order to illustrate technical scheme, it is not intended to limit;To the greatest extent The present invention has been described in detail by pipe with reference to foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that: it depends on So the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can be modified, or the most some or all of technical characteristic is entered Row equivalent;And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (10)

1. an ecological canal with repair function, it is characterised in that including: the current that prevent laid the most successively ooze Saturating impervious barrier (11), the plantation layer (12) supplying aquatic plants growth and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer (13) of water plant;
Described plantation layer (12) is provided with trapezoidal faces, and described water plant blanket layer (13) lays the trapezoidal faces being fixed on plantation layer (12) On.
The ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described water plant blanket layer (13) the top water surface is provided with ecological floating island (14).
The ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that on described ecological floating island (14) Connecting and have screw rod (141) and swivel nut (142), described ecological floating island (14) has through hole, and screw rod (141) passes through hole and can be Vertically sliding in through hole, one end of described screw rod (141) is connected to the bottom, the other end of screw rod (141) and swivel nut (142) connect, make the bottom surface of swivel nut (142) be against on the end face of ecological floating island (14).
The ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that on described ecological floating island (14) Connecting and have fixing bar (143) and resilient sleeve (144), described ecological floating island (14) has through hole, fixing bar (143) pass through hole and Vertically can slide in through hole, one end of described fixing bar (143) is connected to the bottom, the other end of fixing bar (14) It is connected with resilient sleeve (144), makes the bottom surface of resilient sleeve (144) be against on the end face of ecological floating island (14).
The ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described water plant blanket layer (13) the top water surface is provided with multiple check dam (15) and blocks water grid (16).
6. an ecological canal with repair function, it is characterised in that including: the current that prevent laid the most successively ooze Saturating impervious barrier (11), the plantation layer (12) supplying aquatic plants growth and kind are implanted with the water plant blanket layer (13) of water plant;
Described plantation layer (12) is provided with arcwall face, and described water plant blanket layer (13) lays the arcwall face being fixed on plantation layer (12) On.
7. the laying method of an a kind of ecological canal with repair function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that bag Include following steps:
() smooth irrigation canals and ditches
Dike face and bottom surface to irrigation canals and ditches carry out smooth respectively;
() lays impervious barrier
Impervious material is laid on the surface of irrigation canals and ditches;
() lays ecologic planting layer
Spraying sowing layer (12) on impervious material, for aquatic plants growth;
() lays water plant blanket layer
Plant blanket is laid on the top of plantation layer (12), and plant blanket is fixed on the top of plantation layer (12);
(v) planting plants
At the bottom surface kind planting submerged plant of irrigation canals and ditches, water surface configuration ecological floating island (14) on irrigation canals and ditches top;
() installs baffle device for water
The water surface on irrigation canals and ditches top is installed check dam (15) and blocks water grid (16).
The laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described Screw rod (141) is installed at the two ends of ecological floating island (14), and swivel nut (142) is connected with one end waterborne of screw rod (141), ecological floating island (14) bottom of swivel nut (142) it is placed in.
The laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described Fixing bar (143) is installed at the two ends of ecological floating island (14), and resilient sleeve (144) is connected with one end waterborne of fixing bar (143), ecological Chinampa (14) is placed in the bottom of resilient sleeve (144).
The laying method of a kind of ecological canal with repair function the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: institute The Impervious surface coverage stating impervious material is 90%~100%.
CN201610838076.0A 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 A kind of ecological canal with repair function and the laying method of these irrigation canals and ditches Pending CN106145374A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106745788A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-05-31 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of river sewage purification and the stero of landslide control
CN106882878A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-06-23 临沂大学 A kind of wetland purification system for Winter protection
CN108411845A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-17 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of ecological circulation irrigation canals and ditches pool processing system of orchard tail water
CN108423830A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-21 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of floating-island type nitrogen and phosphorus loss ecological intercepting irrigation canals and ditches
CN109763555A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-17 浙江立恒建设有限公司 A kind of municipal drainage ditch with vegetation plantation layer
CN109912036A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-06-21 河海大学 A kind of river floating refuse is collected and water purification system
CN111719504A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-29 江苏文博建筑设计有限公司 Ecological landscape ditch and construction process thereof
CN111727926A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-10-02 湖南艾布鲁环保科技股份有限公司 System and method for ecological purification and cyclic utilization of aquaculture polluted organisms
CN112281926A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-01-29 深圳市中景生态环境科技有限公司 Ecological impermeable layer and ecological impermeable system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106745788A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-05-31 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of river sewage purification and the stero of landslide control
CN106882878A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-06-23 临沂大学 A kind of wetland purification system for Winter protection
CN108411845A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-17 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of ecological circulation irrigation canals and ditches pool processing system of orchard tail water
CN108423830A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-21 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of floating-island type nitrogen and phosphorus loss ecological intercepting irrigation canals and ditches
CN109763555A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-17 浙江立恒建设有限公司 A kind of municipal drainage ditch with vegetation plantation layer
CN109912036A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-06-21 河海大学 A kind of river floating refuse is collected and water purification system
CN109912036B (en) * 2019-03-07 2021-05-11 河海大学 River course floating garbage collection and water purification system
CN111719504A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-29 江苏文博建筑设计有限公司 Ecological landscape ditch and construction process thereof
CN111727926A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-10-02 湖南艾布鲁环保科技股份有限公司 System and method for ecological purification and cyclic utilization of aquaculture polluted organisms
CN111727926B (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-12-15 湖南艾布鲁环保科技股份有限公司 System and method for ecological purification and cyclic utilization of aquaculture polluted organisms
CN112281926A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-01-29 深圳市中景生态环境科技有限公司 Ecological impermeable layer and ecological impermeable system

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