CN106140438A - The breaking method of Ore and apparatus for work in a kind of ore dressing process - Google Patents

The breaking method of Ore and apparatus for work in a kind of ore dressing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106140438A
CN106140438A CN201610720246.5A CN201610720246A CN106140438A CN 106140438 A CN106140438 A CN 106140438A CN 201610720246 A CN201610720246 A CN 201610720246A CN 106140438 A CN106140438 A CN 106140438A
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China
Prior art keywords
ore
fine powder
broken
breeze
fracture area
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CN201610720246.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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王阳
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王阳
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Priority to CN201610720246.5A priority Critical patent/CN106140438A/en
Publication of CN106140438A publication Critical patent/CN106140438A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/04Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters hinged to the rotor; Hammer mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy

Abstract

The breaking method of Ore and device in a kind of ore dressing process, two operation areas are separated in same equipment, one is Ore coarse crushing district, another is fine powder fracture area, first Ore is sent into Ore coarse crushing district, crushed by hammer type crushing device, again broken breeze is sent into the fine powder fracture area in same equipment, using the broken knife plate of rotation that the breeze after crushing is carried out secondary fine powder to crush, the secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach fine powder and crushes requirement.Roughing and the polish of ore reduction are integrated in same set of equipment by the present invention, Ore first enters in fine powder fracture area by the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district after Ore coarse crushing district is broken, by the broken processing of fine powder again in fine powder fracture area, make fine ore, have and facilitate implementation institutional operation, working performance is high, easy to operate, the advantage easily realizing extensive operation.

Description

The breaking method of Ore and apparatus for work in a kind of ore dressing process
Technical field
The present invention relates to the operational method in a kind of ore-dressing technique and apparatus, be specifically related in a kind of ore dressing process The breaking method of Ore and apparatus for work, be mainly used in the broken of gold ore deposit it can also be used to the powder of beating of other Ore crushes, belong to ore deposit Stone processing method and equipment technical field.
Background technology
The precondition of ore dressing is intended to make the valuable mineral in Ore reach monomer separation, owing to valuable mineral is deposited with monomer Granularity be the least, generally require Ore finely ground, certain valuable mineral just can be made to reach monomer separation.Ore Crushing and grinding is the preparation work before sorting.
Ore is crushed, is i.e. by the Ore of bulk, by means of the effect of disintegrating machine external force, overcomes between its interior molecules Power and break with, make the process that nugget granularity progressively reduces.During ore dressing, ore reduction is generally divided into the muck coarse grain stage With the megastage in ore grinding particulate stage two.In ore dressing plant, the broken of Ore is requisite material warming up period before sorting operation Between.Primarily, the Ore overwhelming majority that preparation equipment factory and office put is together with the adhesion tight with stone-like pulse mineral reserve of useful mineral reserve, and often The often even fine grain teeth cloth in particulate.As long as they are granular, dissociate out plentifully, could incite somebody to action by existing physical upgrading way They enrichments.Secondly, whole physical upgrading ways are all retrained by granularity, and granularity is crossed thick useful mineral reserve and is not fully complete solution with stone-like pulse From or granularity the most broken meticulous microfine all can not carry out useful sorting.And in each link of ore dressing, disintegrating machine is to ore deposit Stone is broken is again the process that expense is the highest, is to constitute the investment of preparation equipment factory and produce the pith of cost.According to calculating, ore deposit Stone crushes process investment and accounts for nearly about the 40% of the investment of preparation equipment factory.In sum, the basic task of ore reduction operation be for Sorting operation supply is suitable for elected material, broken process operation quality, directly affects again technical ability and the economic indicator of ore dressing, therefore has People thinks, ore reduction is the basis determining ore dressing process victory or defeat.Thus, each ore-dressing practice person skill to ore reduction operation Can equipment select and produce management all should give with satisfied emphasis.
In actual production, according to difference and the environmental condition limit of production scene of the material physicochemical properties that are broken System, can use different ore reduction machine equipments to realize finished breaking process.Existing ore reduction processing is selectable broken Broken equipment has: jaw crusher, impact breaker, and impact crusher, gyratory crusher, hammer mill, rotary type are broken Broken machine, compound crusher, hydraulic breaker, deep chamber disintegrating machine, kibbler roll, this gyratory crusher of simon, hydraulic cone The equipment such as disintegrating machine, Europe version jaw crusher.General many employing hammerhead disintegrating machines crush, and hammerhead is broken is divided into single-stage Hammer mill and twin-stage hammer mill;Existing disintegrating machine is mainly by casing, rotor, beater plate, tup, support, liner plate Deng composition.But existing disintegrating machine generally comes with some shortcomings, mainly by following some:
1, yield poorly, the broken difficulty of wet breeze, wet breeze easily blocks at the bottom of crusher sifting, dry not blanking of turn-taking;
2, broken stricter than requiring, discharging-material size is thick, does not reaches broken requirement;
3, operating cost is high, and yielding poorly, it is high to directly result in cost, gets off to also need to sieve for one time had, and Fructus Anisi Stellati carries out two wheat-middlings again Broken, breeze per ton is broken into this (electricity charge, abrasion, wage) and needs about 6.8 yuan;
4, it is all that broken and grinding operation are separated now, ore grain size is not reduced process and consider as a system; The overall economics index especially comprehensive energy consumption of crushing operation makes each operation all there is Fragmentation Phenomena excessively in various degree. Therefore, broken will separately consider with grinding process, ore grain size is not reduced the process way as a system, Technological Economy Index is undesirable, the most both will cause ore reduction complex procedures, and also lead to the reduction of efficiency.
There is a lot of weak point in the most existing breaking method and device, needs to be improved this.By specially Profit retrieval be not found to have the patent literature constructed with the present invention, with the present invention have the patent of certain relation mainly have with Under several:
1, Patent No. CN98230848.5, the utility model patent of entitled " centrifugal superfine gold ore grinder ", this is special Profit discloses a kind of centrifugal superfine gold ore grinder, including a small-sized beater grinder, a motor or diesel oil Machine, the main shaft [8] in beater grinder is rotated by motor or diesel engine, and feature of the present utility model is in frame [10] Being designed with ultrafine grinding device, its composition includes cylinder [1], abrasion-proof lining body [2], planker [3], support bar [4], central shaft [5], shipping and reselling on another market [6] and reduction gearing [7], reduction gearing [7] connects the main shaft [8] in beater grinder and is positioned in cylinder [1] The central shaft [5] of the heart, support bar [4] is fixedly arranged on central shaft [5], and ship and resell on another market [6] are fixedly arranged on support bar [4], planker [3] with Ship and resell on another market [6] be connected, the abrasion-proof lining body [2] being positioned at cylinder [1] is connected with cylinder [1], designs in the bottom of simplified [1] or end There is an excretion mouth, beater grinder is designed with a discharging clearance adjustable mechanism and one piece leads in simplified [1] leads Stream plate [9], ultrafine grinding device and beater grinder are an entirety through frame [10] consolidation.
2, Patent No. CN201520769728.0, the utility model of entitled " a kind of sand shaker being easy to automatization " Patent, which discloses a kind of sand shaker being easy to automatization, including housing, sieve plate, sanding hammer, stock guide, scraper plate transport Machine;Sand shaker is from top to bottom divided into feeder, broken portion, discharging portion by described housing, and sieve plate and sanding hammer are arranged on middle part In broken portion, sanding hammer surrounds sieve plate and installs;In discharging portion relative to both sides on be mounted with intilted stock guide, lead Flitch angle of inclination is 10 °~25 °, is provided with under scratch board conveyor, scratch board conveyor upper surface and stock guide bottom discharging portion The spacing of end face is less than 5cm.
3, Patent No. CN201420255014.3, the utility model patent of entitled " a kind of energy-conservation sand shaker ", this is special Profit discloses a kind of energy-conservation sand shaker, and including sanding chamber body, shot-blasting machine, high pressure positive blower and dust pelletizing system, shot-blasting machine is to through beating Workpiece in sand chamber body carries out sanding.The suction opeing of high pressure positive blower is taken out by the realization that is connected of the inside of aspiration channel with sanding chamber body Wind, the air outlet of high pressure positive blower puts in sanding chamber body, and points to the removal end of workpiece.Dust pelletizing system includes the cleaner unit being connected And dedusting fan, cleaner unit is connected with sanding chamber body by outer eliminating dirt airduct, and outer eliminating dirt wind is after cleaner unit dedusting Discharge via dedusting fan.Wherein, the aspiration channel of high pressure positive blower also can be commonly through one with the outer eliminating dirt airduct of dust pelletizing system Total discharge pipe is connected with sanding chamber body.
Although so these patents above-mentioned are directed to the broken of Ore, and proposing some concrete ore reductions improvement Measure, but and problem set forth above is improved, so foregoing problem still exists, still need further Improved.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aims to existing Ore broken there is particle size after cracking and be difficult to reach requirement, complex procedures, Efficiency is low, and relatively costly problem, a kind of new ore crushing method and apparatus for work, this kind of ore crushing method are proposed And apparatus for work can realize the broken of Ore, and simple in construction more easily, efficiency is high, and operating cost is low.
In order to reach this purpose, the invention provides the breaking method of Ore in a kind of ore dressing process, at same equipment In separate two operation areas, one is Ore coarse crushing district, and another is fine powder fracture area, and Ore is first sent into Ore coarse crushing District, is crushed by hammer type crushing device, more broken breeze is sent into the fine powder fracture area in same equipment, uses and rotates Broken knife plate carries out secondary fine powder to the breeze after crushing and crushes, by the coarse crushing secondary ore reduction side that once essence is broken Method makes breeze reach fine powder and crushes requirement.
Further, the described secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach It is first to send in Ore coarse crushing district by Ore by hopper, by the hammer crushing in Ore coarse crushing district that fine powder crushes requirement Ore is crushed by device with re-packing, and arranges wind passage mouth in the side of hammer type crushing device, will be broken at hammer by blower fan The breeze of granularity being crushed in crushing device to suck is drawn in fine powder fracture area, is provided with fine powder and breaks in fine powder fracture area Crushing device, is crushed the breeze sucked again by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker, will through again broken breeze It is drawn into further in blower fan by blower fan, the air outlet of blower fan the breeze of finished breaking is discharged.
Further, described Ore is sent into hammer type crushing device by hopper in be the upside at hammer type crushing device Face inlet porting, hopper is arranged on entrance, and Ore enters into hammer crushing by hopper from the upper side of hammer type crushing device In device.
It is further, described that to carry out Ore with re-packing broken be to be provided with multi-layer rotating in hammer type crushing device to beat Plate, is hit the Ore entered in hammer type crushing device by hopper by the rotation that re-packs of multi-layer rotating, makes Ore break Broken, under the strike repeatedly re-packed of multi-layer rotating, Ore progressively becomes breeze.
Further, described by blower fan, the breeze of granularity being crushed to suck in hammer type crushing device is inhaled Entering in fine powder breaker is to have air port in the side of hammer type crushing device, and the another side in air port is fine powder fracture area;Institute The air port stated also is the entrance of fine powder fracture area, and the outlet of fine powder fracture area is in the another side of fine powder fracture area;Break in fine powder The side in broken district is provided with blower fan, the entrance of blower fan and the outlet of fine powder fracture area so that from fans entrance through fine powder The outlet of fracture area and entrance, be an air channel in entering into Ore coarse crushing district, breeze broken in Ore coarse crushing district When being crushed to certain condition, fine powder fracture area will be drawn into by blower fan from the air port of hammer type crushing device side, and by fine powder The breeze sucked is crushed, at the breeze again crushed through broken knife plate, in the suction of blower fan by the broken knife plate of fracture area again Will go under gravitational attraction in blower fan, the outlet of blower fan discharge.
Further, the multi-layer rotating of described hammer type crushing device re-packs, the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker and blower fan Main shaft install on the same axis, and the entrance in fine powder fracture area is provided with axial-flow leaf, strengthens thick to Ore further Breeze swabbing action in fracture area, guides the breeze in Ore coarse crushing district to enter fine powder fracture area.
Further, the described secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach It is first to send in Ore coarse crushing district by Ore by hopper, by the hammer crushing in Ore coarse crushing district that fine powder crushes requirement Ore is crushed by device with re-packing, and arranges breaking ores outlet in the side of hammer type crushing device, passes through hammer crushing The breeze that device crushes is drawn in fine powder fracture area through breaking ores outlet inflow, is provided with fine powder and crushes in fine powder fracture area Device, is crushed the breeze sucked again by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker, will be by through again broken breeze Outlet in fine powder fracture area is expelled directly out.
Further, the described breeze broken by hammer type crushing device is drawn into fine powder through breaking ores outlet inflow It is to be provided with axial-flow pump, by axial-flow pump by breeze at breeze through the entrance of breaking ores outlet or fine powder fracture area in fracture area It is drawn in fine powder fracture area through breaking ores outlet inflow.
A kind of apparatus for work realizing a coarse crushing broken secondary ore crushing method of once essence, including casing and machine Frame, described casing is arranged in frame, and dividing in described casing has two operation areas, and one is Ore coarse crushing district, another Being fine powder fracture area, Ore coarse crushing district and fine powder fracture area left and right in housing splits setting, and the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district Communicate with fine powder fracture area entrance;Ore first enters fine powder by the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district after Ore coarse crushing district is broken and breaks In broken district, by the broken processing of fine powder again in fine powder fracture area, make fine ore.
It is provided with hammer type crushing device in described Ore coarse crushing district, by re-packing of hammer type crushing device, Ore is carried out Broken, and wind passage mouth is set in the side of hammer type crushing device, will be crushed to inhale in hammer type crushing device by blower fan The breeze of the granularity entered is drawn in fine powder fracture area, is provided with fine powder breaker in fine powder fracture area, is crushed by fine powder The breeze sucked is crushed by the broken knife plate of device again, will be drawn into wind further by blower fan through again broken breeze In machine, the air outlet of blower fan the breeze of finished breaking is discharged.
It is an advantage of the current invention that:
The present invention is roughing and the polish of ore reduction to be integrated in same set of equipment, and Ore is first in Ore coarse crushing district Enter in fine powder fracture area by the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district after Po Sui, add by fine powder again is broken in fine powder fracture area Work, makes fine ore, mainly has following advantages:
1) put together broken to coarse crushing and essence, it is simple to realize institutional operation.
2) using dust type to suck or slurry flowing process, directly by slightly to essence, working performance is high.
3) easy to operate, easily realize extensive operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view removed after cap of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the floor map of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the generalized section of one embodiment of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is expanded on further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with specific embodiment.
Embodiment one
By accompanying drawing it can be seen that the present invention relates to Ore crushing operation device in a kind of ore dressing process, including casing 1 and frame 2, described casing 1 is arranged in frame 2, and dividing in described casing 1 has two operation areas, and one is Ore coarse crushing district 3, another Individual is fine powder fracture area 4, and Ore coarse crushing district 3 and fine powder fracture area 4 left and right in housing splits setting, and Ore coarse crushing district The outlet 5 of 3 communicates with the entrance of fine powder fracture area 4;Ore first passes through Ore coarse crushing district after Ore coarse crushing district 3 is broken In outlet 5 entrance fine powder fracture area, by the broken processing of fine powder again in fine powder fracture area 4, make fine ore.
It is provided with hammer type crushing device 6, by the 9 pairs of Ores that re-pack of hammer type crushing device 6 in described Ore coarse crushing district 3 Crush, and wind passage mouth is set in the side of hammer type crushing device 6, will be crushed in hammer type crushing device 6 by blower fan 7 The breeze of the granularity that can suck is drawn in fine powder fracture area 4, is provided with fine powder breaker 8, passes through in fine powder fracture area 4 The breeze sucked is crushed by the broken knife plate 10 of fine powder breaker 8 again, will be entered by blower fan 7 through again broken breeze One step is drawn in blower fan, the air outlet 11 of blower fan 7 discharged by the breeze of finished breaking.
The knife plate that the broken knife plate 10 of described fine powder breaker 8 is cut into slices for multi-layer rotating, and in fine powder fracture area 4 every two Housing between the broken knife plate in road 10 is provided with whole circle tongue 20, strengthens dust effect by whole circle tongue 20.
Described hammer type crushing device 6 side inlet porting 12, hopper 13 is arranged on entrance 12, Ore by hopper from The upper side of hammer type crushing device 6 enters in hammer type crushing device 6.
Described hammer type crushing device 6 re-pack 9 for the re-packing of multi-layer rotating, by the rotation that re-packs of multi-layer rotating to logical The Ore crossed in hopper entrance hammer type crushing device hits, and makes ore reduction, in the strike repeatedly re-packed of multi-layer rotating Under, Ore progressively becomes breeze.
The another side that described hammer type crushing device is relative with entrance is the outlet 5 in Ore coarse crushing district 3, and Ore slightly breaks The outlet 5 in broken district 3 is also air port, and the another side in air port is fine powder fracture area 4;Described air port also entering for fine powder fracture area Mouthful, the outlet 14 of fine powder fracture area 4 is in the another side of fine powder fracture area 4;In the side of fine powder fracture area 4, blower fan 7 is installed, The entrance of blower fan 7 connects with the outlet 14 of fine powder fracture area so that from fans entrance through the outlet of fine powder fracture area and entrance, Be an air channel in entering into Ore coarse crushing district, breeze broken in Ore coarse crushing district when being crushed to certain condition, Fine powder fracture area will be drawn into from the air port of hammer type crushing device 6 side by blower fan, and by the broken knife plate 10 of fine powder fracture area 4 again The secondary breeze to sucking crushes, and at the breeze again crushed through broken knife plate 10, will enter under the suction of blower fan attracts In blower fan, the outlet 11 of blower fan discharge.
The multi-layer rotating of described hammer type crushing device 6 re-packs and 9 is arranged in drive shaft 16, and drive shaft 16 is further through bearing 17 are arranged in frame 2, and drive shaft 16 is arranged on same axle with the broken knife plate 9 of fine powder breaker 8 and the main shaft of blower fan 7 On line, the main shaft of blower fan 7 is fixed on the housing 19 of blower fan 7 by bearing 18;And the entrance in fine powder fracture area 4 is provided with axle Stream fan blade 15, strengthens, to the breeze swabbing action in Ore coarse crushing district, guiding the breeze in Ore coarse crushing district to enter further Enter fine powder fracture area.Axial-flow leaf 15 is arranged on the center of first broken knife plate 9 of fine powder breaker 8.
In this kind of ore dressing process, Ore crushing operation device is mainly used in the dry-type pulverizing to Ore, and Ore is with dust-like Complete to crush.Ore reduction apparatus for work passes through belt 21, diesel engine after motor 22 drive, and after motor, diesel engine 22 is permissible With in the frame 2 being simultaneously attached to ore reduction apparatus for work, it is possible in order to avoid vibration, install separately on other devices.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two is as the ultimate principle of embodiment one, and simply structure is different, breaks for Ore in a kind of ore dressing process Broken apparatus for work, including casing and frame, described casing is arranged in frame, and dividing in described casing has two operation areas, and one Individual is Ore coarse crushing district, and another is fine powder fracture area, and Ore coarse crushing district and fine powder fracture area left and right in housing splits Arrange, and the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district communicates with fine powder fracture area entrance;Ore first passes through ore deposit after Ore coarse crushing district is broken The outlet of stone coarse crushing district enters in fine powder fracture area, by the broken processing of fine powder again in fine powder fracture area, makes fine ore.
It is provided with hammer type crushing device in described Ore coarse crushing district, by re-packing of hammer type crushing device, Ore is carried out Broken, and breaking ores outlet is set in the side of hammer type crushing device, the breeze warp broken by hammer type crushing device is broken Ore outlet inflow is drawn in fine powder fracture area, is provided with fine powder breaker in fine powder fracture area, by the broken dress of fine powder The breeze sucked is crushed by broken knife plate again that put, through again broken breeze by straight by the outlet in fine powder fracture area Run in.
Described breaking ores outlet or the entrance of fine powder fracture area are provided with axial-flow pump, by axial-flow pump by breeze through broken Broken ore outlet inflow is drawn in fine powder fracture area.
In this kind of ore dressing process Ore crushing operation device be mainly used in the wet type to Ore crush, Ore is to flow pulpous state Complete to crush.
Above-mentioned listed embodiment, simply combines accompanying drawing and technical scheme is carried out clear, complete description;Aobvious So, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, all other embodiments that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
It will be apparent that pass through above-described embodiment it can be seen that the invention still further relates to the broken side of Ore in a kind of ore dressing process Method, separates two operation areas in same equipment, and one is Ore coarse crushing district, and another is fine powder fracture area, first by Ore Send into Ore coarse crushing district, crushed by hammer type crushing device, more broken breeze is sent into the fine powder in same equipment Fracture area, uses the broken knife plate of rotation that the breeze after crushing is carried out secondary fine powder and crushes, broken by a coarse crushing once essence Secondary ore crushing method make breeze reach fine powder to crush requirement.
Further, the described secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach It is first to send in Ore coarse crushing district by Ore by hopper, by the hammer crushing in Ore coarse crushing district that fine powder crushes requirement Ore is crushed by device with re-packing, and arranges wind passage mouth in the side of hammer type crushing device, will be broken at hammer by blower fan The breeze of granularity being crushed in crushing device to suck is drawn in fine powder fracture area, is provided with fine powder and breaks in fine powder fracture area Crushing device, is crushed the breeze sucked again by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker, will through again broken breeze It is drawn into further in blower fan by blower fan, the air outlet of blower fan the breeze of finished breaking is discharged.
Further, described Ore is sent into hammer type crushing device by hopper in be the upside at hammer type crushing device Face inlet porting, hopper is arranged on entrance, and Ore enters into hammer crushing by hopper from the upper side of hammer type crushing device In device.
It is further, described that to carry out Ore with re-packing broken be to be provided with multi-layer rotating in hammer type crushing device to beat Plate, is hit the Ore entered in hammer type crushing device by hopper by the rotation that re-packs of multi-layer rotating, makes Ore break Broken, under the strike repeatedly re-packed of multi-layer rotating, Ore progressively becomes breeze.
Further, described by blower fan, the breeze of granularity being crushed to suck in hammer type crushing device is inhaled Entering in fine powder breaker is to have air port in the side of hammer type crushing device, and the another side in air port is fine powder fracture area;Institute The air port stated also is the entrance of fine powder fracture area, and the outlet of fine powder fracture area is in the another side of fine powder fracture area;Break in fine powder The side in broken district is provided with blower fan, the entrance of blower fan and the outlet of fine powder fracture area so that from fans entrance through fine powder The outlet of fracture area and entrance, be an air channel in entering into Ore coarse crushing district, breeze broken in Ore coarse crushing district When being crushed to certain condition, fine powder fracture area will be drawn into by blower fan from the air port of hammer type crushing device side, and by fine powder The breeze sucked is crushed, at the breeze again crushed through broken knife plate, in the suction of blower fan by the broken knife plate of fracture area again Will go under gravitational attraction in blower fan, the outlet of blower fan discharge.
Further, the multi-layer rotating of described hammer type crushing device re-packs, the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker and blower fan Main shaft install on the same axis, and the entrance in fine powder fracture area is provided with axial-flow leaf, strengthens thick to Ore further Breeze swabbing action in fracture area, guides the breeze in Ore coarse crushing district to enter fine powder fracture area.
Further, the described secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach It is first to send in Ore coarse crushing district by Ore by hopper, by the hammer crushing in Ore coarse crushing district that fine powder crushes requirement Ore is crushed by device with re-packing, and arranges breaking ores outlet in the side of hammer type crushing device, passes through hammer crushing The breeze that device crushes is drawn in fine powder fracture area through breaking ores outlet inflow, is provided with fine powder and crushes in fine powder fracture area Device, is crushed the breeze sucked again by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker, will be by through again broken breeze Outlet in fine powder fracture area is expelled directly out.
Further, the described breeze broken by hammer type crushing device is drawn into fine powder through breaking ores outlet inflow It is to be provided with axial-flow pump, by axial-flow pump by breeze at breeze through the entrance of breaking ores outlet or fine powder fracture area in fracture area It is drawn in fine powder fracture area through breaking ores outlet inflow.
It is an advantage of the current invention that:
The present invention is roughing and the polish of ore reduction to be integrated in same set of equipment, and Ore is first in Ore coarse crushing district Enter in fine powder fracture area by the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district after Po Sui, add by fine powder again is broken in fine powder fracture area Work, makes fine ore, mainly has following advantages:
1) put together broken to coarse crushing and essence, it is simple to realize institutional operation.
2) working performance is high.
3) easy to operate, easily realize extensive operation.

Claims (10)

1. the breaking method of Ore in an ore dressing process, it is characterised in that: in same equipment, separate two operation areas, one Being Ore coarse crushing district, another is fine powder fracture area, Ore is first sent into Ore coarse crushing district, is entered by hammer type crushing device Go broken, more broken breeze is sent into the fine powder fracture area in same equipment, use and rotate broken knife plate to the breeze after crushing Carrying out secondary fine powder to crush, it is broken that the secondary ore crushing method that once essence is broken by a coarse crushing makes breeze reach fine powder Broken requirement.
2. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described by the most slightly breaking It is first to be sent into by hopper by Ore that the broken once secondary ore crushing method that essence is broken makes breeze reach fine powder crush requirement In Ore coarse crushing district, Ore is crushed with re-packing by the hammer type crushing device in Ore coarse crushing district, and at hammer The side of breaker arranges wind passage mouth, will be crushed to, by blower fan, the breeze of granularity that can suck in hammer type crushing device It is drawn in fine powder fracture area, in fine powder fracture area, is provided with fine powder breaker, by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker again The secondary breeze to sucking crushes, and will be drawn into further in blower fan by blower fan, by blower fan through again broken breeze The breeze of finished breaking is discharged by air outlet.
3. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described passes through material by Ore Bucket is the upper side inlet porting at hammer type crushing device in sending into hammer type crushing device, and hopper is arranged on entrance, and Ore leads to Cross hopper to enter in hammer type crushing device from the upper side of hammer type crushing device.
4. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described with re-packing to Ore Carrying out broken is to be provided with re-packing of multi-layer rotating in hammer type crushing device, is entered by hopper by the rotation that re-packs of multi-layer rotating The Ore entered in hammer type crushing device hits, and makes ore reduction, under the strike repeatedly re-packed of multi-layer rotating, Ore by Step becomes breeze.
5. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described will be by blower fan The breeze of granularity being crushed to suck in hammer type crushing device is at hammer type crushing device in being drawn into fine powder breaker Side have air port, the another side in air port is fine powder fracture area;Described air port is also the entrance of fine powder fracture area, and fine powder is broken The outlet in broken district is in the another side of fine powder fracture area;In the side of fine powder fracture area, blower fan is installed, the entrance of blower fan and essence The outlet of powder fracture area so that from fans entrance through the outlet of fine powder fracture area and entrance, enter into Ore coarse crushing Being an air channel in district, breeze broken in Ore coarse crushing district, when being crushed to certain condition, will be broken from hammer by blower fan The air port of crushing device side is drawn into fine powder fracture area, and is again broken the breeze sucked by the broken knife plate of fine powder fracture area Broken, at the breeze again crushed through broken knife plate, will go in blower fan under the suction of blower fan attracts, the outlet of blower fan arrange Go out.
6. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: described hammer type crushing device Multi-layer rotating re-pack, the main shaft of the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker and blower fan is installed on the same axis, and is crushed in fine powder The entrance in district is provided with axial-flow leaf, strengthens the breeze swabbing action in Ore coarse crushing district further, guides Ore slightly to break Breeze in broken district enters fine powder fracture area.
7. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described by the most slightly breaking It is first to be sent into by hopper by Ore that the broken once secondary ore crushing method that essence is broken makes breeze reach fine powder crush requirement In Ore coarse crushing district, Ore is crushed with re-packing by the hammer type crushing device in Ore coarse crushing district, and at hammer The side of breaker arranges breaking ores outlet, and the breeze broken by hammer type crushing device flows into suction through breaking ores outlet Enter in fine powder fracture area, in fine powder fracture area, be provided with fine powder breaker, by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker again The breeze sucked is crushed, will be expelled directly out by the outlet in fine powder fracture area through again broken breeze.
8. the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: described passes through hammer crushing The breeze that device crushes is through breaking ores outlet or essence at breeze in breaking ores outlet inflow is drawn into fine powder fracture area The entrance of powder fracture area is provided with axial-flow pump, by axial-flow pump, through breaking ores outlet inflow, breeze is drawn into fine powder fracture area In.
9. realize an apparatus for work for the breaking method of Ore in ore dressing process described in claim 1, including casing and frame, Described casing is arranged in frame, and dividing in described casing has two operation areas, and one is Ore coarse crushing district, and another is essence Powder fracture area, Ore coarse crushing district and fine powder fracture area left and right in housing splits setting, and the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district is with smart Powder fracture area entrance communicates;Ore first enters fine powder fracture area by the outlet of Ore coarse crushing district after Ore coarse crushing district is broken In, by the broken processing of fine powder again in fine powder fracture area, make fine ore.
10. apparatus for work as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that: it is provided with hammer crushing in described Ore coarse crushing district Device, is crushed Ore by re-packing of hammer type crushing device, and arranges wind passage mouth in the side of hammer type crushing device, logical Cross blower fan to be drawn in fine powder fracture area by the breeze of granularity being crushed to suck in hammer type crushing device, break in fine powder It is provided with fine powder breaker in broken district, again the breeze sucked is crushed by the broken knife plate of fine powder breaker, pass through Again broken breeze will be drawn in blower fan further by blower fan, the air outlet of blower fan discharged by the breeze of finished breaking.
CN201610720246.5A 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 The breaking method of Ore and apparatus for work in a kind of ore dressing process Pending CN106140438A (en)

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Application publication date: 20161123