CN106134924A - Cutter - Google Patents

Cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106134924A
CN106134924A CN201610487311.4A CN201610487311A CN106134924A CN 106134924 A CN106134924 A CN 106134924A CN 201610487311 A CN201610487311 A CN 201610487311A CN 106134924 A CN106134924 A CN 106134924A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
cutter
blade
cutting
seat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610487311.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106134924B (en
Inventor
魏芳
黄云生
高宏华
吴明
杨文凤
仇键
校现周
罗世巧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201610487311.4A priority Critical patent/CN106134924B/en
Publication of CN106134924A publication Critical patent/CN106134924A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106134924B publication Critical patent/CN106134924B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/10Tapping of tree-juices, e.g. caoutchouc, gum
    • A01G23/12Knives or axes for tapping

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cutter, including support seat, rotating shaft, be arranged on support on seat and rotate for drive shaft drive mechanism, be rotatably mounted around the blade rotating lasso, being connected in rotating shaft supporting on seat;Rotating lasso and include collar, in this collar, circumferential row is shown several and is extended outwardly and for the positioning needle inserting on trees;The central axis of collar and the central axes of rotating shaft;Being formed with the cutting end for cutting bark on described blade, described positioning needle is positioned at the side of cutting end;Distance between this cutting end and spindle central axis is distance L1, this distance L1 less than positioning needle away from the distance between one end and the spindle central axis of rotating shaft, and more than the outer edge radius of collar.The present invention can reduce in the case of guaranteeing latex output, even can avoid causing the phenomenon of wound tree because blade cut crosses deep;And, it is not necessary to shut down the tree lace removed on blade, thus work efficiency can be improved.

Description

Cutter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cutter.
Background technology
Existing natural rubber adopts gluing method by being accomplished manually, and mainly holds and adopts glue cutter at rubber by adopting glue personnel Grooving on the bark of tree, makes the latex of bark internal layer flow out and be collected by collection device.In specific operation process, adopt glue Personnel are hand-held to adopt glue cutter and makees approximation reciprocating, and eyes fasten one's eyes on point of a knife, by the crust of rubber tree and bast one by one Machine away.And in order to ensure latex yield, during actual cut, due to technical merit or the reason such as vision is not good enough, hold Easily occur that cutting depth is crossed deep and caused the phenomenon of wound tree, and cut deep position by president's pimple, thus it is raw to affect bark Long, latex yield after impact, also later glue operation of adopting can be made troubles simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cutter, it can reduce blade and cut Cut deep phenomenon.
For solving the problems referred to above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
Cutter, including support seat, rotating shaft, be arranged on support on seat and rotate for drive shaft drive mechanism, can It is sleeved on the blade rotating lasso, being connected in rotating shaft supporting on seat rotationally;Rotate lasso and include collar, this collar Upper circumferential row is shown several and is extended outwardly and for the positioning needle inserting on trees;In the central axis of collar and rotating shaft Heart dead in line;Being formed with the cutting end for cutting bark on described blade, described positioning needle is positioned at the side of cutting end;Should Distance between cutting end and spindle central axis is distance L1, this distance L1 less than positioning needle away from one end of rotating shaft and rotating shaft Distance between central axis, and more than the outer edge radius of collar.
Blade is formed as described cutting end away from one end of rotating shaft, is formed as cutter tail end, and cutting near one end of rotating shaft End and cutter tail end are placed in the both sides of spindle central axis;It is fixed with fixed disk on described support seat, described fixed disk has For cooperatively forming the counteredge portion of scissor construction with the cutter tail end of blade.
The recess passed for counteredge portion it is additionally provided with on described blade;Described recess and cutting end are positioned at spindle central The same side of axis.
It is fixed with slide gauge, the length direction of the chi body of this slide gauge and the axle of rotating shaft on the outside of described support seat Line direction is consistent;On the vernier of described slide gauge, roller is installed.
Supporting and have socket part on seat, this rotation lasso is rotatably mounted around on socket part, and described socket part is arranged Having through hole, this rotating shaft is installed in rotation in support seat, and blade is connected to rotating shaft and stretches out in, from through hole, the position supported seat On.
Described drive mechanism includes motor.
This rotating shaft is installed in rotation in support seat, and described drive mechanism also includes the master being connected on motor output shaft Moving gear, the driven gear being connected in rotating shaft and engaging with driving gear.
Supporting seat is hollow form, and described driving gear, driven gear are respectively positioned in support seat;The body of described motor exposes The holding part held for staff is formed as in the position supported outside seat.
Described rotation lasso, blade are respectively positioned on outside support seat.
Rotate lasso, blade axially arranging successively along rotating shaft.
Compared to existing technology, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
The present invention rotates the combination design of lasso, blade, drive mechanism by using, and by rationally arranging rotation lasso With the structure of blade, available positioning needle positions, and causes wound tree to reduce, even can avoid because blade cut crosses deep Phenomenon;And, also can make to adopt glue simple to operation, it is possible to decrease the technology adopting glue personnel is required and visual demand;Additionally, it is logical Crossing and be provided with counteredge portion on fixed disk, also can reduce affects the phenomenon of cutting effect because tree lace is wound in blade, and And, also can cut bark and tree lace simultaneously, thus work efficiency can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the other direction schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic internal view of the present invention;
Wherein, 1, seat is supported;2, lasso is rotated;21, positioning needle;3, blade;31, cutting end;4, slide gauge;41, rolling Wheel;5, rotating shaft;6, fixed disk;61, counteredge portion;71, motor;72, driving gear;73, driven gear.
Detailed description of the invention
Below, in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described further:
As Figure 1-3, for the cutter of the present invention, including supporting seat 1, rotating shaft 5, be arranged on support seat 1 and for Drive mechanism that drive shaft 5 rotates, it is rotatably mounted around the cutter rotating lasso 2, being connected in rotating shaft 5 supporting on seat 1 Sheet 3;Rotating lasso 2 and include collar, in this collar, circumferential row is shown several and is extended outwardly and for inserting on trees Positioning needle 21;The central axis of collar and the central axes of rotating shaft 5;It is formed for cutting bark on described blade 3 Cutting end 31, described positioning needle 21 is positioned at the side of cutting end 31;Distance between this cutting end 31 and rotating shaft 5 central axis For distance L1, this distance L1 less than positioning needle 21 away from distance L2 between one end and rotating shaft 5 central axis of rotating shaft 5, and greatly Outer edge radius L3 in collar.Concrete, rotate lasso 2, blade 3 axially arranging successively along rotating shaft 5.
When actually used, the positioning needle 21 of cutter is inserted into the xylem of rubber tree by operator, now, drives machine Structure work band cutting blade 3 rotate, thus rubber tree bark is cut by available cutting end 31, and by utilizing positioning needle The location of 21 can be reduced, even can avoid cutting end 31 feeding of blade 3 in working angles and be crossed deep and occur that blade 3 cut Take an advanced study into the phenomenon of wound tree.
Wherein, positioning needle 21 away from distance L2 between one end and rotating shaft 5 central axis of rotating shaft 5 and cutting end 31 and turns The difference of distance L1 between axle 5 central axis can set according to actual demand.And in the present embodiment, described positioning needle 21 Away from distance L2 between one end and rotating shaft 5 central axis of rotating shaft 5 than the distance between cutting end 31 and rotating shaft 5 central axis Big 2 millimeters of L1, so that rubber tree bark is cut at 2 millimeters of rubber tree xylem of distance in the cutting end 31 of blade 3.
Preferably, blade 3 is formed as described cutting end 31 away from one end of rotating shaft 5, is formed as cutter near one end of rotating shaft 5 Tail end, and cutting end 31 and cutter tail end be placed in the both sides of rotating shaft 5 central axis;It is fixed with fixed disk 6 on described support seat 1, There is on described fixed disk 6 the counteredge portion 61 for cooperatively forming scissor construction with the cutter tail end of blade 3.On 3 turns of blade During Dong, by utilizing the tree lace in counteredge portion 61 and the cutter tail end coordinating blade 3 of can pruning of cutter tail end, thus can subtract Few tree lace is wound in blade 3 phenomenon, and, also can cut bark and tree lace simultaneously, thus work efficiency can be improved.
Concrete, supporting, on seat 1, there is socket part, this rotation lasso 2 is rotatably mounted around outside socket part, described socket Being provided with through hole in portion, this rotating shaft 5 is installed in rotation in supporting seat 1 and is arranged in through hole, and blade 3 is connected to rotating shaft 5 Stretch out on the position supported seat 1 from through hole, and by using said structure, can be convenient to install.Described fixed disk 6 and set The portion that connects is fixing to be connected.
Preferably, described blade 3 is additionally provided with the recess passed for counteredge portion 61;Described recess and cutting end 31 It is positioned at the same side of rotating shaft 5 central axis.And by using said structure, also can be solid by utilizing in blade 3 rotation process Stationary knife blade 61 passes in and out recess and can be cut off by the tree lace that be wound in blade 3, thus can reduce tree lace further and be wound in cutter Sheet 3 phenomenon, and, it is not necessary to shut down the tree lace removed on blade 3, thus work efficiency can be improved.
Preferably, the outside of described support seat 1 is fixed with slide gauge 4, the length direction of the chi body of this slide gauge 4 Consistent with the axis direction of rotating shaft 5;On the vernier of described slide gauge 4, roller 41 is installed.And by using said structure, can Utilize roller 41 to roll along the track of setting on rubber tree, thus can avoid cutter that deflection occurs in working angles Phenomenon, and, by utilizing slide gauge 4, also can accurately control cutter cutting spacing in rubber tree short transverse.
Preferably, described drive mechanism includes motor 71.And it is further preferred that described drive mechanism also includes being connected to Driving gear 72 on motor 71 output shaft, the driven gear 73 being connected in rotating shaft 5 and engaging with driving gear 72.Using Time, motor 71 drives driving gear 72 to rotate, thus rotating shaft 5 can be driven to rotate by driven gear 73.And it is above-mentioned by using Structure, the internal structure that can make cutter is the compactest, can effectively reduce volume.Wherein, described driving gear 72, driven gear 73 are bevel gear.
Support seat 1 is in hollow form, and described driving gear 72, driven gear 73 are respectively positioned in support seat 1;Described motor 71 Body is exposed to support the holding part that the position outside seat 1 is formed as holding for staff, holds cutter being convenient to operator Holding part rubber tree is cut.Described rotation lasso 2, blade 3 are respectively positioned on outside support seat 1.
The actually used process of the present invention is as follows: operator first by the outer of this cutter against the face of rubber tree, And positioning needle 21 is inserted into the xylem of rubber tree, now, drive mechanism work band cutting blade 3 rotate, to cut rubber tree Bark, and after carrying out aforesaid operations one to twice, available roller type cutter cuts, the most such as being close to trailing type Under: roller type cutter advances along the secant handled well and adopts glue, after adopting glue through 5-10 mechanization, may cut shallower Time, more again use the cutter of the present invention, thus calibrate again, thus, constantly circulation is remarkably improved and adopts in this way Glue efficiency.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that can technical scheme as described above and design, make other various Corresponding change and deformation, and all these change and deformation all should belong to the protection domain of the claims in the present invention Within.

Claims (10)

1. cutter, it is characterised in that: include supporting seat, rotating shaft, being arranged on support seat and for driving that drive shaft rotates Motivation structure, the blade being rotatably mounted around the rotation lasso supported on seat, being connected in rotating shaft;Rotate lasso and include lasso Portion, in this collar, circumferential row is shown several and is extended outwardly and for the positioning needle inserting on trees;The central shaft of collar Line and the central axes of rotating shaft;Being formed with the cutting end for cutting bark on described blade, described positioning needle is positioned at cuts Cut the side of end;Distance between this cutting end and spindle central axis is distance L1, and this distance L1 is less than positioning needle away from turning Distance between one end and the spindle central axis of axle, and more than the outer edge radius of collar.
2. cutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: blade is formed as described cutting end away from one end of rotating shaft, Be formed as cutter tail end near one end of rotating shaft, and cutting end and cutter tail end are placed in the both sides of spindle central axis;Described support It is fixed with fixed disk on Zuo, described fixed disk has the counteredge for cooperatively forming scissor construction with the cutter tail end of blade Portion.
3. cutter as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: it is additionally provided with on described blade and supplies counteredge portion to pass Recess;Described recess and cutting end are positioned at the same side of spindle central axis.
4. cutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is fixed with slide gauge on the outside of described support seat, should The length direction of the chi body of slide gauge is consistent with the axis direction of rotating shaft;On the vernier of described slide gauge, roller is installed.
5. cutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: supporting and have socket part on seat, this rotation lasso is rotatable Be sleeved on socket part, described socket part is provided with through hole, this rotating shaft be installed in rotation on support seat in, blade connect Stretch out on the position supported seat from through hole in rotating shaft.
6. cutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described drive mechanism includes motor.
7. cutter as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: this rotating shaft is installed in rotation in support seat, described in drive The driven tooth that motivation structure also includes the driving gear being connected on motor output shaft, is connected in rotating shaft and engages with driving gear Wheel.
8. cutter as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: supporting seat is hollow form, described driving gear, driven gear It is respectively positioned in support seat;The body of described motor is exposed to support the holding part that the position outside seat is formed as holding for staff.
9. cutter as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: described rotation lasso, blade are respectively positioned on outside support seat.
10. cutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: rotate lasso, blade axially arranging successively along rotating shaft.
CN201610487311.4A 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Cutter Active CN106134924B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610487311.4A CN106134924B (en) 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Cutter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610487311.4A CN106134924B (en) 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Cutter

Publications (2)

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CN106134924A true CN106134924A (en) 2016-11-23
CN106134924B CN106134924B (en) 2019-05-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108401840A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-17 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Glue bite is adopted in a kind of anti-tree lace winding
CN108782126A (en) * 2017-05-05 2018-11-13 邓凌斌 A kind of rubber tapping method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2792670A (en) * 1953-12-18 1957-05-21 Lester N Haynes Tree girdler
CN102870649A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-16 王缉兰 Scraper knife
CN103415200A (en) * 2011-03-08 2013-11-27 马来西亚橡胶局 An automatic tapping machine
CN103858729A (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-06-18 宋海欣 Novel rubber cutter
CN203952000U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-26 李乔 A kind of automatic rubber tapping machine of adopting glue for bamboo grows
CN104686289A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Rotary-cut type cutting blade for gum gathering machine
CN104705159A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-17 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Latex collecting machine
CN205320768U (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 海南大学 Novel convenient rubber tapping machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2792670A (en) * 1953-12-18 1957-05-21 Lester N Haynes Tree girdler
CN103415200A (en) * 2011-03-08 2013-11-27 马来西亚橡胶局 An automatic tapping machine
CN102870649A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-16 王缉兰 Scraper knife
CN103858729A (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-06-18 宋海欣 Novel rubber cutter
CN203952000U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-26 李乔 A kind of automatic rubber tapping machine of adopting glue for bamboo grows
CN104686289A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Rotary-cut type cutting blade for gum gathering machine
CN104705159A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-17 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Latex collecting machine
CN205320768U (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 海南大学 Novel convenient rubber tapping machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108782126A (en) * 2017-05-05 2018-11-13 邓凌斌 A kind of rubber tapping method
CN108401840A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-17 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Glue bite is adopted in a kind of anti-tree lace winding

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