CN106132184B - A kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine - Google Patents

A kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106132184B
CN106132184B CN201610523784.5A CN201610523784A CN106132184B CN 106132184 B CN106132184 B CN 106132184B CN 201610523784 A CN201610523784 A CN 201610523784A CN 106132184 B CN106132184 B CN 106132184B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rod
segment
air
electronic component
cylinder
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CN201610523784.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106132184A (en
Inventor
王正寅
陶洪
邹建华
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广州鑫仕光电科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610523784.5A priority Critical patent/CN106132184B/en
Publication of CN106132184A publication Critical patent/CN106132184A/en
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Publication of CN106132184B publication Critical patent/CN106132184B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or adjusting assemblages of electric components
    • H05K13/04Mounting of components, e.g. of leadless components
    • H05K13/0404Pick-and-place heads or apparatus, e.g. with jaws
    • H05K13/0408Incorporating a pick-up tool

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of special-shaped electronic component plug-in machines, for plug-in machine technical field, including body, pcb board transports positioning device, component supplying apparatus, manipulator and element draw inserting apparatus, body is equipped with element insertion station, it includes support plate that element, which draws inserting apparatus, lifting cylinder, rotating electric machine and several air-breathing guide rods, each air-breathing guide rod bottom end is equipped with material folding cylinder, there is airflow channel in air-breathing guide rod, support plate is equipped with mounting base, lifting seat is equipped on each air-breathing guide rod, lifting cylinder can drive lifting seat to go up and down, rotating electric machine can drive air-breathing guide rod row to rotate, manipulator can driving element draw inserting apparatus switch between component supplying apparatus and element insertion station, when switching element draw inserting apparatus can will be on pcb board that electronic component is plugged in.Plug-in unit speed of the present invention is fast, and accuracy rate is high, and misplug caused by overcoming artificially leaks and inserts phenomenon, improves the first-pass yield of veneer, accelerates speed of production.

Description

A kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine

Technical field

The present invention is used for plug-in machine technical field, more particularly to a kind of special-shaped electronic component plug-in machine.

Background technique

With the continuous development of China's economy and the gradual perfection of labor and social security system, labor cost is gradually risen, labor Dynamic intensive and output fluctuation is the main feature of most electronics producers.The automation substitution problem of a large amount of labour intensive production lines is got over More to become manufacturer's focus of attention.Pcb board plug-in unit and debugging are the preceding working procedures of complete electronic set production.Traditional PCB Plate shaped piece plug-in unit is inserted dependent on hand, and manual plug-in unit link especially consumes manpower, plug-in unit speed, quality and the degree of fatigue of people Be it is closely related, misplug, leak insert phenomenon than more serious, existing production line generally subsequent setting be powered detection and repair welding process It is remedied, causes the first-pass yield of veneer by a degree of influence.

Summary of the invention

To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of special-shaped electronic component plug-in machine, plug-in unit speed is fast, accuracy rate Phenomena such as height, misplug caused by overcoming artificially, leakage are inserted.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine, including machine Body, pcb board transport positioning device, component supplying apparatus, manipulator and element draw inserting apparatus, and body is inserted equipped with element Pcb board can be transported to the element insertion station and position clamping by station, pcb board transport positioning device, and element draws inserting Device includes support plate, lifting cylinder, rotating electric machine and several air-breathing guide rods, and each air-breathing guide rod bottom end is equipped with material folding cylinder, There is the airflow channel be connected with material folding cylinder, the support plate is equipped with mounting base, and mounting base, which is equipped with, to be supplied in air-breathing guide rod The level-one guide rod via hole that each air-breathing guide rod is inserted therein is equipped with lifting seat on each air-breathing guide rod, and lifting cylinder can drive liter Seat drops so that air-breathing guide rod is gone up and down along level-one guide rod via hole, and rotating electric machine can drive air-breathing guide rod in level-one guide rod via hole Rotated, the manipulator can driving element draw inserting apparatus switch between component supplying apparatus and element insertion station, Element absorption inserting apparatus can grab electronic component from component supplying apparatus and the electronic component is plugged in element and insert when switching On the pcb board for filling station.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, is equipped with cylinder block in the lower section of mounting base in the support plate, Cylinder block is equipped with lifting cylinder corresponding with each air-breathing guide rod, and the piston-rod lower end of each lifting cylinder is equipped with screw thread, respectively Be equipped on lifting seat with the adjusting nut of the piston rod of corresponding lifting cylinder connection, in tune on the piston rod of each lifting cylinder The lower section for saving nut is equipped with stop nut.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, is equipped with and each air-breathing in the support plate in the lower section of mounting base Corresponding first guide rail of guide rod, the lifting seat are equipped with the first sliding block connected with corresponding first guide rail, and the air-breathing is led Bar includes upper segment and lower segment, and each lifting seat includes the pedestal connecting with the first sliding block, is located at the base top Upper pedestal and lower base positioned at base bottom, be equipped with the second level passed through for lower segment on the upper pedestal and lower base and lead The lower end of bar via hole, lower segment has cylinder connector, and the top of lower segment passes through set after being pierced by the second level guide rod via hole of upper pedestal Hoop is connected with upper segment, equipped with sealing ring between upper segment and lower segment, in the lower section of cuff equipped with the first stop collar on lower segment, Between the cylinder connector and the lower port of lower base second level guide rod via hole, the first stop collar it is upper with upper pedestal second level guide rod via hole Bearing is equipped between port.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, is equipped with upper installation in the top of mounting base in the support plate Seat, the upper mounting seat are equipped with the three-level guide rod via hole passed through for each air-breathing guide rod, and the outer wall of the upper segment is equipped with logical Long keyway is set with splined nut on the upper segment between mounting base and upper mounting seat, and the rotating electric machine is located at peace It fills on seat, the output end of rotating electric machine is equipped with the transmission mechanism that can drive each upper segment upper spline nut rotation, the driver Structure includes the second guide rail for being located at upper mounting seat bottom, the rack gear seat being mounted on second guide rail by the second sliding block, is located at The front side rack gear of rack gear seat leading edge and the rear side rack gear for being located at rack gear seat back edge, the splined nut is equipped with and posterior lateral tooth The driven gear of item engagement, the output end of the rotating electric machine are equipped with the driving gear engaged with front side rack gear.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, and rotation-controlled motor corner is equipped at the top of the mounting base Correlation optoelectronic switch, the output shaft of rotating electric machine are equipped with the eccentric block cooperated with the correlation optoelectronic switch.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, and the cylinder connector is equipped with buffer gear, the buffer Structure includes the retaining ring being sleeved on cylinder connector and the cushion collar that is sleeved on cylinder connector and is located at below retaining ring, the buffering Set includes the major diameter section of bottom and the path section at top, and compression bullet is set between retaining ring and major diameter section on the outside of the path section Spring, the material folding cylinder have the outer ring that can resist the cushion collar, are equipped on the cylinder connector in the top of retaining ring annular Slot, annular groove is interior to be equipped with the second stop collar, and the circular groove around cylinder connector, the cylinder are opened up in the major diameter section of the cushion collar The outer wall of connector is equipped with several built-in ball grooves for holding out against ball, and the ball that holds out against can resist the inner wall or slot bottom of circular groove.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, pcb board transport positioning device include two laterally side by side Conveying side frame at the top of body, forms transfer passage between two conveying side frames, in transfer passage on the two conveying side frames Two sides be equipped with conveying pcb board driving belt, the driving belt along conveying direction be divided into feeding segment, inserting segment and under Expect segment, the pcb board transport positioning device, which is equipped with, can will move to the positioning mechanism that the pcb board positioning of inserting segment clamps.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, and left side portal frame and right side gantry are equipped at the top of the body Frame, the manipulator include be located at Y-direction sliding rail at the top of left side portal frame and right side portal frame, by Y-direction sliding-rail sliding mounted in Y Y-direction slide on sliding rail, is located at the Y-direction slide at the Y-direction power mechanism that Y-direction slide can be driven to move back and forth along Y-direction sliding rail On X to sliding rail, by X to sliding-rail sliding mounted in X of the X on sliding rail to slide, X can be driven reciprocal to sliding rail along X to slide The X of movement to power mechanism, be located at Z-direction sliding rail of the X on slide, the Z by Z-direction sliding-rail sliding on Z-direction sliding rail To slide and the Z-direction power mechanism that Z-direction slide can be driven to move back and forth along Z-direction sliding rail, the Y-direction power mechanism includes parallel The Y-direction lead screw at the top of the portal frame of left side is set in Y-direction sliding rail and drives the Y-direction driving motor of the Y-direction lead screw rotation, it is described X includes being parallel to X to the X that sliding rail is set on Y-direction slide to lead screw and the X for driving the X to rotate to lead screw to power mechanism To driving motor, Z-direction power mechanism includes being parallel to Z-direction sliding rail to be set to Z-direction lead screw of the X on slide and drive the Z-direction The Z-direction driving motor of lead screw rotation, the Z-direction slide are fixedly connected with support plate.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, and body is equipped with the installation that can dock several component supplying apparatus Detent, component supplying apparatus can realize the continuity supply of electronic component, and component supplying apparatus includes self-feeding vibrating disk.

It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, further includes vision system, and the vision system includes being located at peace Be loaded a side first camera, be located at support plate upper bottom portion second camera and with the first camera and second camera phase Even control module, the X to driving motor, Y-direction driving motor, Z-direction driving motor and rotating electric machine with the control mould Block connection, the first camera can acquisition electronics stitch shape and angle information, second camera can acquire needle on pcb board The location information of foot jack.

Beneficial effects of the present invention: manipulator of the present invention can driving element draw inserting apparatus in component supplying apparatus and member Switch between part insertion station, element draws inserting apparatus when switching can grab electronic component and by the electronics from component supplying apparatus Element is plugged on the pcb board of element insertion station.Whole process plug-in unit speed is fast, and accuracy rate is high, largely overcomes Misplug caused by artificial leaks and inserts phenomenon, improves the first-pass yield of veneer, accelerates speed of production.The present invention meets electronics firm Growth requirement, also comply with the requirement that Chinese Enterprises change from labor-intensive to technology fund-intensive.

Wherein, element draw inserting apparatus using lifting cylinder, rotating electric machine control respectively air-breathing guide rod lifting and from Turn, cooperate the material folding cylinder of bottom, flexibly realizes the automation crawl inserting movement of electronic component, the speed of service is fast, stablizes Property it is high, assign electronic device precision high on pcb board, be widely used, it is practical;And it can be in the vertical direction according to different Electronic device adjust automatically assigns direction;Lifting cylinder, rotating electric machine are mounted on support plate side, can make full use of limited position Between emptying, multiple air-breathing guide rods can be installed, to clamp a variety of electronic devices, improve production efficiency;Operation of the present invention is efficient and convenient, Stability in use is good, speed is fast, accurate high.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:

Fig. 1 is overall structure axonometric drawing of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is that body, pcb board transport positioning device, manipulator and element of the present invention draw inserting apparatus structural schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is that element of the present invention draws inserting apparatus axonometric drawing;

Fig. 4 is that element of the present invention draws inserting apparatus main view;

Fig. 5 is cross-sectional view at A-A in Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is transmission mechanism structural front view of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 6, that show the specific structures of the preferred embodiments of the invention.It will be detailed below this Invent the design feature of each element, and when if there is being described to direction (upper and lower, left and right, before and after), it is with knot shown in FIG. 1 Structure is reference description, but actual use direction of the invention is not limited thereto.

The present invention provides a kind of special-shaped electronic component plug-in machines, including body 90, pcb board transport positioning device 91, member Part feedway 92, manipulator 93 and element draw inserting apparatus, and body 90 is equipped with element insertion station, and pcb board transport is fixed Pcb board can be transported to the element insertion station and position clamping by position device 91, and the manipulator 93 can driving element absorption Inserting apparatus switches between component supplying apparatus 92 and element insertion station, and element is drawn inserting apparatus and can be supplied from element when switching Electronic component is grabbed to device and the electronic component is plugged on the pcb board of element insertion station.Body 90 is equipped with can be right The installation detent of several component supplying apparatus 92 is connect, component supplying apparatus 92 includes self-feeding vibrating disk, self-feeding vibration The continuity supply of electronic component can be achieved in disk.

Wherein, it includes support plate 1, lifting cylinder 2, rotating electric machine 3 and several air-breathing guide rods 4 that element, which draws inserting apparatus, The top of each air-breathing guide rod 4 is equipped with quick union 40, and each 4 bottom end of air-breathing guide rod is equipped with material folding cylinder 5, in air-breathing guide rod 4 With the airflow channel 41 be connected with material folding cylinder 5, the clamping of the gas flow optimized material folding cylinder 5 in airflow channel 41 is acted, institute Support plate 1 is stated equipped with mounting base 11, mounting base 11 is equipped with the level-one guide rod via hole being inserted therein for each air-breathing guide rod 4, It is equipped with lifting seat on each air-breathing guide rod 4, is equipped in the support plate 1 in the lower section of mounting base 11 opposite with each air-breathing guide rod 4 The first guide rail 12 answered, the lifting seat are equipped with the first sliding block 13 connected with corresponding first guide rail 12, and lifting cylinder 2 can drive Dynamic lifting seat is so that air-breathing guide rod 4 is gone up and down along level-one guide rod via hole, and realizes the crawl and inserting movement of electronic component; Rotating electric machine 3 can drive air-breathing guide rod 4 to be rotated in level-one guide rod via hole, for adjusting the side of electronic component pin To the pin insertion hole for being inserted into it smoothly on pcb board.

The present invention controls the lifting and rotation of air-breathing guide rod 4 using lifting cylinder 2, rotating electric machine 3 respectively, cooperates bottom Material folding cylinder 5 flexibly realizes the automation crawl inserting movement of electronic component, and the speed of service is fast, and stability is high, in pcb board On assign electronic device precision high, be widely used, it is practical;And it can be automatic according to different electronic devices in the vertical direction Direction is assigned in adjustment;Lifting cylinder 2, rotating electric machine 3 are mounted on 1 side of support plate, can make full use of limited locational space, can Multiple air-breathing guide rods 4 are installed, to clamp a variety of electronic devices, improve production efficiency;Operation of the present invention is efficient and convenient, uses stabilization Property it is good, speed is fast, accurate high.

It is equipped with cylinder block in the lower section of mounting base in the support plate, cylinder block is equipped with corresponding with each air-breathing guide rod Lifting cylinder, the piston-rod lower end of each lifting cylinder are equipped with screw thread, are equipped on each lifting seat and corresponding lifting cylinder The adjusting nut of piston rod connection, is equipped with stop nut in the lower section of adjusting nut on the piston rod of each lifting cylinder.

Wherein, it is equipped with cylinder block 14 in the lower section of mounting base 11 in the support plate 1, cylinder block 14 is equipped with and each air-breathing The corresponding lifting cylinder 2 of guide rod 4, the piston-rod lower end of each lifting cylinder 2 are equipped with screw thread, be equipped on each lifting seat with it is right The adjusting nut 21 of the piston rod connection for the lifting cylinder 2 answered, by adjusting adjusting nut 21 can height to air-breathing guide rod 4 into Row is default, is equipped with stop nut 22 in the lower section of adjusting nut 21 on the piston rod of each lifting cylinder 4.When work, lifting cylinder 2 Drive lifting seat along the lifting action of the first guide rail 12 by piston rod.

The air-breathing guide rod 4 includes upper segment 42 and the segment of lower segment 43 two, each lifting seat include and first Pedestal 61, the upper pedestal 62 at the top of the pedestal 61 and the lower base 63 positioned at 61 bottom of pedestal that sliding block 13 connects, institute The second level guide rod via hole for being equipped on upper pedestal 62 and lower base 63 and passing through for lower segment 43 is stated, the lower end of lower segment 43 has gas Cylinder connector 44, the top of lower segment 43 are connected by cuff 46 with upper segment 42 after being pierced by the second level guide rod via hole of upper pedestal 62, It is equipped with sealing ring 45 between upper segment 42 and lower segment 43, is equipped with the first stop collar 47, institute in the lower section of cuff 46 on lower segment 43 It states between the lower port of 63 second level guide rod via hole of cylinder connector 44 and lower base, the first stop collar 47 and 62 second level guide rod mistake of upper pedestal Bearing 64 is equipped between the upper port in hole.Upper mounting seat 15, the upper peace are equipped in the top of mounting base 11 in the support plate 1 Dress seat 15 is equipped with the three-level guide rod via hole passed through for each air-breathing guide rod 4, and the outer wall of the upper segment 42 is equipped with elongated key Slot 48 is set with splined nut 71 on the upper segment 42 between mounting base 15 and upper mounting seat 15, and the rotating electric machine 3 is located at In upper mounting seat 15, the output end of rotating electric machine 3 is equipped with the transmission mechanism that can drive each 42 upper spline nut 71 of upper segment rotation. The transmission mechanism includes the second guide rail 72 for being located at 15 bottom of upper mounting seat, passes through the second sliding block 73 mounted in second guide rail Rack gear seat 74 on 72, the rear side rack gear for being located at the front side rack gear 75 of 74 leading edge of rack gear seat and being located at 74 back edge of rack gear seat 76, the splined nut 71 is equipped with the driven gear 77 engaged with rear side rack gear 76, and the output end of the rotating electric machine 3 is equipped with The driving gear 78 engaged with front side rack gear 75.Each air-breathing guide rod 4 is all made of rotating electric machine 3 and drives, when work, electric rotating Machine 3 is slid laterally by driving gear 78 and the cooperation drive rack seat 74 of front side rack gear 75 along the second guide rail 72, rack gear seat 74 On rear side rack gear 76 drive driven gear 77 rotate, driven gear 77 drive splined nut 71 rotate, splined nut 71 with it is upper The rotation movement of air-breathing guide rod 4 is realized in the cooperation of keyway 48 on segment 42.The rack gear seat 74 is equipped with along 72 side of the second guide rail To the guide groove 79 of setting, guide wheel 710 is equipped in guide groove 79, the guide wheel 710 is set to 15 bottom of upper mounting seat, guide wheel by shaft 710 respectively set one at the both ends of the second guide rail 72, and guide wheel 710 and the cooperation of guide groove 79 realize that the auxiliary of rack gear seat 74 is oriented to.

The correlation optoelectronic switch 711 of 3 corner of rotation-controlled motor, rotating electric machine 3 are equipped at the top of the mounting base 11 Output shaft be equipped with the eccentric block 712 that cooperates with the correlation optoelectronic switch 711, correlation optoelectronic switch 711 can pass through Eccentric block 712 counts the corner of motor output shaft, so that the control for rotating electric machine 3 provides control signal.

The cylinder connector 44 is equipped with buffer gear, and the buffer gear includes the retaining ring being sleeved on cylinder connector 44 81 and it is sleeved on cylinder connector 44 and is located at the cushion collar 82 of 81 lower section of retaining ring, the cushion collar 82 includes the major diameter section of bottom With the path section at top, the outer diameter of major diameter section is greater than the outer diameter of path section, and the path section outside is between retaining ring 81 and major diameter section It is set with compressed spring 83, there is the outer ring that can resist the cushion collar 82, the cylinder connector 44 at the top of the material folding cylinder 5 On in the top of retaining ring 81 be equipped with annular groove 84, the second stop collar 85 is equipped in annular groove 84.Buffer gear can buffer downwards It draws and the reaction force of inserting electronic components, i.e. material folding cylinder 5 is transported upwards by material folding cylinder 5 after the reaction force of lower section Dynamic, the outer ring of material folding cylinder 5 resists cushion collar 82, and cushion collar 82 compresses compressed spring 83, thus by the bullet of compressed spring 83 Property realize buffering.

The circular groove 86 around cylinder connector 44, the outer wall of the cylinder connector 44 are opened up in the major diameter section of the cushion collar 82 Several built-in ball grooves for holding out against ball 87 are equipped with, the ball 87 that holds out against can resist the inner wall or slot bottom of circular groove 86, and holding out against ball 87 can Guiding and position-limiting action are played when cushion collar 82 moves up and down.

Pcb board transport positioning device 91 includes that two transverse directions (X to) are set to the conveying side frame at 90 top of body side by side 911, transfer passage is formed between two conveying side frames 911, two conveying 911 spacing of side frame can be adjusted by screw rod, thus Meet the pcb board of different model, two described convey are equipped with the transmission skin of conveying pcb board in the two sides of transfer passage on side frames 911 Band 912, the driving belt 912 are divided into feeding segment, inserting segment and blanking segment, feeding segment, inserting along conveying direction Segment and blanking segment are all made of independent motor driven, are respectively used to feeding before the inserting of pcb board, position and insert in inserting Blanking after dress, the pcb board transport positioning device 91, which is equipped with, can will move to the localization machine that the pcb board positioning of inserting segment clamps Structure, positioning mechanism realize pinching action using cylinder driving lifting clamping plate.

Left side portal frame 901 and right side portal frame 902 are equipped at the top of the body 90, two conveying side frames are from left side gantry It is passed through below frame 901 and right side portal frame 902, the manipulator 93 includes being located at left side portal frame 901 and right side portal frame 902 The Y-direction sliding rail 931 at top, can drive Y-direction slide at the Y-direction slide 933 being mounted on Y-direction sliding rail 931 by Y-direction sliding-rail sliding 932 The 933 Y-direction power mechanisms moved back and forth along Y-direction sliding rail 932, the X that is located on the Y-direction slide 933 to sliding rail 934, by X to Sliding-rail sliding 935 mounted in X of the X on sliding rail 934 to slide 936, can drive X to slide 936 along X to sliding rail 934 move back and forth X to power mechanism, be located at Z-direction sliding rail 937 of the X on slide 936, by Z-direction sliding-rail sliding mounted in Z-direction sliding rail 937 On Z-direction slide 938 and Z-direction power mechanism that Z-direction slide 938 can be driven to move back and forth along Z-direction sliding rail 937, the Y-direction it is dynamic Force mechanisms include being parallel to the Y-direction lead screw 939 and drive the Y-direction lead screw that Y-direction sliding rail 931 is set at the top of the portal frame of left side The Y-direction driving motor 9310 of 939 rotations, the X include being parallel to X to be set to Y-direction slide 933 to sliding rail 934 to power mechanism On X to lead screw 9311 and drive the X to the X that lead screw 9311 rotate to driving motor 9312, Z-direction power mechanism includes in parallel Z-direction lead screw 9313 of the X on slide 936 and the Z-direction for driving the Z-direction lead screw 9313 to rotate driving are set in Z-direction sliding rail 937 Motor 9314, the Z-direction slide 938 are fixedly connected with support plate 1.Y-direction sliding rail 931, X are to sliding rail 934 and Z-direction sliding rail 937 Both ends are equipped with extreme position optoelectronic switch, with the limit for controlling Y-direction slide 933, X is moved to slide 936 and Z-direction slide 938 Position.Y-direction driving motor 9310 drives Y-direction lead screw 939 to rotate, and Y-direction lead screw 939 drives Y-direction slide 933 before Y-direction sliding rail 931 After move, element draw inserting apparatus connect with Y-direction slide 933, realize element absorption inserting apparatus Y-direction drive;X is to driving Motor 9312 drives X to rotate to lead screw 9311, and X drives X to be moved forward and backward to slide 936 along X to sliding rail 934 to lead screw 9311, member Part is drawn inserting apparatus and X and is connected to slide 936, realizes that element draws the X of inserting apparatus to driving;Z-direction driving motor 9314 Z-direction lead screw 9313 is driven to rotate, Z-direction lead screw 9313 drives Z-direction slide 938 to move forward and backward along Z-direction sliding rail 937, and element, which is drawn, to be inserted Assembling device is connect with Z-direction slide 938, realizes that element draws the Z-direction driving of inserting apparatus;Manipulator realizes that suction nozzle exists in the present invention X, the feeding on tri- directions Y, Z, and three directions are all made of motor lead screw transmission, and stability is good, speed is fast, accurate high.

It further include vision system, the vision system includes the first camera 941 for being located at installation detent side, is located at support The second camera 942 of 1 upper bottom portion of plate and the control module being connected with the first camera 941 and second camera 942, the X It is connect to driving motor 9312, Y-direction driving motor 9310, lifting cylinder 2 and rotating electric machine 3 with the control module, it is described First camera 941 can acquisition electronics stitch shape and angle information, second camera 942 can acquire on pcb board stitch and insert The location information in hole.When the invention works, element draws inserting apparatus and grabs electronic component from component supplying apparatus by suction nozzle, 941 top of first camera, the shape and angle of 941 acquisition electronics stitch of first camera are moved to by the driving of manipulator 93 Information, when there are can reject in time when bending deformation defect for stitch;Element is drawn inserting apparatus and is moved in element insertion station Side, second camera 942 acquire the location information of stitch jack to the pcb board for being delivered to element insertion station, and control module is to the After the information processing of one camera and second camera acquisition, X is controlled to driving motor, Y-direction driving motor, lifting motor and electric rotating Electronic component is finally accurately plugged on pcb board by machine coordination.

Certainly, the invention is not limited to above embodiment, and those skilled in the art are without prejudice to originally Equivalent deformation or replacement can be also made under the premise of spirit, these equivalent variation or replacement are all contained in the application right It is required that in limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine, it is characterised in that: including body, pcb board transport positioning device, component feeding dress It sets, manipulator and element absorption inserting apparatus, body is equipped with element insertion station, and pcb board transports positioning device can be by pcb board Transport is to the element insertion station and positions clamping, and it includes support plate, lifting cylinder, rotating electric machine that element, which draws inserting apparatus, With several air-breathing guide rods, each air-breathing guide rod bottom end is equipped with material folding cylinder, has the gas be connected with material folding cylinder in air-breathing guide rod Circulation road, the support plate are equipped with mounting base, and mounting base is equipped with the level-one guide rod mistake being inserted therein for each air-breathing guide rod Hole, is equipped with lifting seat on each air-breathing guide rod, lifting cylinder can drive lifting seat so that air-breathing guide rod along level-one guide rod via hole into Row lifting, rotating electric machine can drive air-breathing guide rod to be rotated in level-one guide rod via hole, and the manipulator can driving element suction Inserting apparatus is taken to switch between component supplying apparatus and element insertion station, element is drawn inserting apparatus and can be supplied from element when switching Electronic component is grabbed to device and the electronic component is plugged on the pcb board of element insertion station, is being pacified in the support plate The lower section for filling seat is equipped with the first guide rail corresponding with each air-breathing guide rod, and the lifting seat is equipped with to be connected with corresponding first guide rail The first sliding block, the air-breathing guide rod includes upper segment and lower segment, and each lifting seat includes connecting with the first sliding block Pedestal, the upper pedestal positioned at the base top and the lower base positioned at base bottom are all provided on the upper pedestal and lower base There is the second level guide rod via hole passed through for lower segment, the lower end of lower segment has cylinder connector, and the top of lower segment is pierced by upper pedestal Second level guide rod via hole after be connected with upper segment by cuff, in the top of mounting base equipped with upper mounting seat in the support plate, The outer wall of the upper segment is equipped with elongated keyway, and spline spiral shell is set between mounting base and upper mounting seat on the upper segment Mother, the output end of rotating electric machine are equipped with the transmission mechanism that can drive each upper segment upper spline nut rotation.
2. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in mounting base in the support plate Lower section is equipped with cylinder block, and cylinder block is equipped with lifting cylinder corresponding with each air-breathing guide rod, under the piston rod of each lifting cylinder End is equipped with screw thread, is equipped on each lifting seat and the adjusting nut of the piston rod of corresponding lifting cylinder connection, each lifting air Stop nut is equipped in the lower section of adjusting nut on the piston rod of cylinder.
3. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: be equipped between upper segment and lower segment close Seal is equipped with the first stop collar in the lower section of cuff on lower segment, under the cylinder connector and lower base second level guide rod via hole Bearing is equipped between port, between the first stop collar and the upper port of upper pedestal second level guide rod via hole.
4. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the upper mounting seat is equipped with for each The three-level guide rod via hole that air-breathing guide rod passes through, the rotating electric machine are located in upper mounting seat, and the transmission mechanism includes being located at Second guide rail of mounting base bottom, is located at rack gear seat leading edge at the rack gear seat being mounted on second guide rail by the second sliding block Front side rack gear and be located at the rear side rack gear of rack gear seat back edge, the splined nut be equipped with engaged with rear side rack gear it is driven Gear, the output end of the rotating electric machine are equipped with the driving gear engaged with front side rack gear.
5. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be equipped at the top of the mounting base controllable The correlation optoelectronic switch of rotating electric machine corner processed, the output shaft of rotating electric machine is equipped with to be cooperated with the correlation optoelectronic switch Eccentric block.
6. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the cylinder connector is equipped with buffering Mechanism, the buffer gear include the retaining ring being sleeved on cylinder connector and are sleeved on cylinder connector and are located at below retaining ring Cushion collar, the cushion collar include the major diameter section of bottom and the path section at top, and the path section outside is in retaining ring and major diameter section Between be set with compressed spring, the material folding cylinder has an outer ring that can resist the cushion collar, in retaining ring on the cylinder connector Top be equipped with annular groove, the second stop collar is equipped in annular groove, is opened up in the major diameter section of the cushion collar around cylinder connector Circular groove, the outer wall of the cylinder connector is equipped with several built-in ball grooves for holding out against ball, and the ball that holds out against can resist the interior of circular groove Wall or slot bottom.
7. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pcb board transports positioning device The conveying side frame being set at the top of body laterally side by side including two, forms transfer passage, two conveyings between two conveying side frames The driving belt of conveying pcb board is equipped on side frame in the two sides of transfer passage, the driving belt is divided into feeding along conveying direction Segment, inserting segment and blanking segment, the pcb board transport positioning device are fixed equipped with the pcb board that can will move to inserting segment The positioning mechanism that position clamps.
8. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped with left side dragon at the top of the body Door frame and right side portal frame, the manipulator include be located at left side portal frame and right side portal frame at the top of Y-direction sliding rail, pass through Y To Y-direction slide of the sliding-rail sliding on the Y-direction sliding rail, the Y-direction power mechanism that Y-direction slide can be driven to move back and forth along Y-direction sliding rail, The X being located on the Y-direction slide to sliding rail, by X to sliding-rail sliding mounted in X of the X on sliding rail to slide, X can be driven to cunning Seat along X to the X that sliding rail moves back and forth to power mechanism, be located at Z-direction sliding rail of the X on slide, filled by Z-direction sliding-rail sliding Z-direction slide on Z-direction sliding rail and the Z-direction power mechanism that Z-direction slide can be driven to move back and forth along Z-direction sliding rail, the Y-direction are dynamic Force mechanisms include being parallel to the Y-direction lead screw and the Y for driving the Y-direction lead screw rotation that Y-direction sliding rail is set at the top of the portal frame of left side To driving motor, the X includes being parallel to X to the X that sliding rail is set on Y-direction slide to described in lead screw and driving to power mechanism For X to the X that lead screw rotates to driving motor, Z-direction power mechanism includes being parallel to Z-direction sliding rail to be set to Z-direction lead screw of the X on slide With the Z-direction driving motor for driving the Z-direction lead screw rotation, the Z-direction slide is fixedly connected with support plate.
9. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: body, which is equipped with, can dock several members The installation detent of part feedway, component supplying apparatus can realize the continuity supply of electronic component, and component supplying apparatus includes Self-feeding vibrating disk.
10. abnormity electronic component plug-in machine according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: it further include vision system, the view Feel system includes the first camera for being located at installation detent side, the second camera for being located at support plate upper bottom portion and with described first The control module that camera is connected with second camera, the X is to driving motor, Y-direction driving motor, Z-direction driving motor and electric rotating Machine is connect with the control module, the first camera can acquisition electronics stitch shape and angle information, the second phase Machine can acquire the location information of stitch jack on pcb board.
CN201610523784.5A 2016-07-05 2016-07-05 A kind of abnormity electronic component plug-in machine CN106132184B (en)

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CN106852013B (en) * 2017-03-29 2019-01-22 深圳市广晟德科技发展有限公司 A kind of abnormal shape plug-in machine
CN107896428B (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-11-27 梅州市恒晖科技股份有限公司 A kind of intelligent print system of wiring board
CN109247008A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-18 重庆隆成电子设备有限公司 A kind of soft or hard make-up machine and pasting method
CN109353587A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-19 赣州通洲塑胶机械有限公司 A kind of automatism card machine
CN111491461A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-04 苏州欣汇电智能装备技术有限公司 Automatic embedding device for metal base

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