CN106130174A - Power-battery-power-supply-to-electric-control-power-supply automatic emergency switching and alarm device for power buoy and control method thereof - Google Patents

Power-battery-power-supply-to-electric-control-power-supply automatic emergency switching and alarm device for power buoy and control method thereof Download PDF

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CN106130174A
CN106130174A CN 201610629840 CN201610629840A CN106130174A CN 106130174 A CN106130174 A CN 106130174A CN 201610629840 CN201610629840 CN 201610629840 CN 201610629840 A CN201610629840 A CN 201610629840A CN 106130174 A CN106130174 A CN 106130174A
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power
pin
connected
battery
module
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CN 201610629840
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Chinese (zh)
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管凤旭
刘怀东
严浙平
张宏瀚
周佳加
车浩
周丽萍
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哈尔滨工程大学
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J9/00Circuit arrangements for emergency or standby power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting
    • H02J9/04Circuit arrangements for emergency or standby power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source
    • H02J9/06Circuit arrangements for emergency or standby power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source with automatic change-over
    • H02J9/061Circuit arrangements for emergency or standby power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source with automatic change-over characterised by the use of electronic means

Abstract

The invention provides a power-battery-power-supply-to-electric-control-power-supply automatic emergency switching and alarm device for a power buoy and a control method thereof. The automatic emergency switching and alarm device comprises an electric control sealed cabin and a waterproof lamp sealed cabin. The electric control sealed cabin is internally provided with a power battery, an electric control battery, a power supply switching module and a control module; the waterproof lamp sealed cabin is internally provided with a light alarm module; a power battery power connector of the power supply switching module is connected with the output end of the power battery; an electric control battery power connector of the power supply switching module is connected with the output end of the electric control battery; a power supply switching signal output end of the power supply switching module is connected with a power supply switching signal input end of the control module; and the power supply switching module is connected with the light alarm module through a waterproof cable. The device does not need an extra high-capacity stand-by power supply; and when the power battery has a large amount of residual electric quantity, an electronic device is automatically switched to the power battery for power when the electric control battery is in the undervoltage state, thereby realizing uninterrupted work and automatic alarm of the electronic device.

Description

用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置及控制方法 Electroporation power supply electronic control and automatic emergency alarm switch device and control method for a power buoy

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及的是一种用于动力浮标的动力电自动应急转为电控供电的装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to apparatus for automatic emergency power electric power into electric power buoy of. 本发明也涉及一种用于动力浮标的动力电自动应急转为电控供电的控制方法。 The present invention also relates to electric power for a power buoy into the automatic emergency control method for controlling electrically powered.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]动力浮标是一种不需要锚泊固定、可以实现自主移动和定点停留的浮标。 [0002] a power that does not require mooring buoy is fixed, and can achieve autonomous mobile float point stay. 动力浮标与系泊式浮标相比拥有较为庞大而复杂的电气设备,电能消耗更加可观,故而动力浮标需要更加稳定的电源来保障电气设备的正常运行。 Power buoys and mooring buoys type has a relatively large and complex compared to the electrical equipment, power consumption even more impressive, and therefore power buoys need for more stable power supply to ensure the normal operation of electrical equipment. 系泊式浮标由于被固定,不会随水流流动;而失去控制的动力浮标会随水流流动,导致工作人员很难找到失去联系的动力浮标。 Mooring buoy type due to being fixed, not with the water flow; to lose control of power will buoy with the water flow, leading to staff hard to find motivation buoy lost contact. 因此,需要为动力浮标提供和设计更加可靠的能源与供电方案。 Therefore, it is necessary to provide a more reliable energy and design solutions for power supply and buoy.

[0003]目前,浮标一般采用单一电源或增加备用电源的方式供电。 [0003] Currently, buoys generally single power supply or the backup power increasing manner. 例如,申请号为CN201420400354.0的专利文件中提供了一种基于超级电容的浮标不间断电源管理电路,采用太阳能电池、超级电容模组、干电池三者结合对浮标电路系统供电。 For example, in Patent Document CN201420400354.0 buoy is provided a supercapacitor based uninterruptible power management circuit Application No., using solar cells, super capacitor module, batteries buoy three combined power supply circuitry. 这种电源管理电路虽然可以实现浮标的可持续工作,但其成本较高,后期维护复杂。 Although this power management circuit can work to achieve sustainable buoy, but its high cost, post-maintenance complex. 若采用这种电源管理电路,在连续恶劣天气条件下有可能出现太阳能电池无法工作的情况,影响浮标的正常运行,甚至在电量耗尽的情况下,失去与浮标的联系。 If such a power management circuit, it is possible case of solar cells appear unable to work under continuous bad weather conditions, affecting the normal operation of buoys, even in the case of run out of power, and lost contact with buoys.

[0004] —般情况下,动力浮标使用两类电池组,一种是电压较低的电控电池组,主要给主控制器、控制板、罗经、GPS、通讯电台、报警灯等电压较低且功率较低的弱电电气设备供电;另外一种是电压较高的动力电池组,主要给推进器等电压较高且功率较高的动力设备供电。 [0004] - Under normal circumstances, two types of battery powered buoys, one is a low voltage electric battery, mainly to the lower main controller board, compass, GPS, radio communication, warning lamp voltage and lower power supply weak electric device; the other is a higher voltage battery power, mainly to the higher voltage power supply and high power propulsion equipment and the like. 电控电池组和动力电池组的容量按照规定任务而设计,通常情况下都能在规定的时间内完成指定任务并且被正常回收。 Capacity battery pack and the electric power battery pack according to a predetermined design tasks, usually designated task can be completed within a predetermined period of time and are normally recycled. 但不排除在某些特殊情况下,动力浮标在被回收前,其某一种电池组的电量先于另外一种电池组被耗尽。 Without excluding in some special cases, before being recycled float power, a power which a battery pack is depleted prior to another battery pack. 当动力电池组电量先被耗尽,而电控电池组还能继续维持弱电设备工作时,即使动力浮标不能自主移动,而随水流流动;但只要由电控电池组供电的主控制器保证将动力浮标的方位信息通过电台实时传送给远程工作人员,工作人员就能够按照实时的方位信息将动力浮标找到并回收。 When the power is depleted before the battery pack, the battery pack and the electronic control device can continue to maintain a weak work, even if the power movement of the float can not be independent, but with the water flow; but as long as electric power by the battery pack ensure that the main controller power buoys bearing information transmitted by radio to the real-time remote workers, staff will be able to find and recover the power buoy in accordance with real-time location information. 当电控电池组电量先被耗尽,而动力电池组有电量时,由电控电池组供电的主控制器不能工作,即使动力电池组有电,主控制也无法有效控制推进器工作,也不能将动力浮标的方位信息通过电台实时传送给远程工作人员,使工作人员搜索失去联系的动力浮标难度加大,甚至动力浮标丢失。 When the first electric battery pack is depleted, the amount of the charge of the traction battery, powered by electric battery main controller can not work, even if the electric power of the battery pack, the main controller can not control the propellers work effectively, but also power can not be transmitted by the buoy's location information in real time to the remote station staff, the staff lost contact with the power buoys search more difficult, and even the loss of power buoys.

[0005]因此,当动力浮标采用电控电池组和动力电池组组合供电情况下,需要设计一种动力电自动转为电控电供电应急切换装置,以保证在电控电池组电量耗尽的情况下,动力浮标还能继续正常工作一段时间并通知远程工作人员并使报警灯闪烁,保证工作人员尽可能及时回收动力浮标。 [0005] Thus, when the electric power of the battery pack using buoys and combinations battery powered, it is necessary to design a power controller by an electrical power supply automatically to the emergency switching means, to ensure the depleted battery pack is electrically controlled case, power buoys can continue to work for some time and inform the teleworker and warning lights flashing, to ensure the timely recovery of power buoys staff as much as possible.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006]本发明的目的在于提供一种在电控电池欠压的情况下能自动应急切换到动力电池为电子设备供电,实现电子设备的不间断工作与自动报警的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide an electronic control in a case where the battery voltage can automatically switch to the emergency power battery-powered electronic devices, uninterrupted operation of the electronic equipment related to the power switch for the power alarm buoy electric power supply switch the automatic emergency alarm device. 本发明的目的还在于提供一种用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警的控制方法。 Object of the present invention is to provide a power control method for a power buoy electroporation electrically controlled automatic emergency alarm switch the power supply.

[0007]本发明的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置包括设置在浮标主体内的电控密封舱、设置在天线杆上的防水灯密封舱,所述电控密封舱内设置有动力电池、电控电池、电源切换模块和控制模块,所述防水灯密封舱内设置有灯光报警模块,电源切换模块的动力电池电源接头与动力电池的输出端连接,电源切换模块的电控电池电源接头与电控电池的输出端连接,电源切换模块的电源切换信号输出端与控制模块的电源切换信号输入端连接,电源切换模块和灯光报警模块经由防水电缆连接。 [0007] Power for the power buoy of the present invention is electrically controlled switch electrically powered automatic emergency alarm device comprises a switch the electronically controlled capsule disposed within the float body is provided in the mast waterproof lamp capsule, the electrically controlled seal is provided with a battery compartment, electric battery, power switching and control module, said waterproof seal compartment lamp is provided with a light alarm module, battery power output of the power switching module and the power connector connected to a battery, the power switching module the output terminal of the battery electric power connector and the battery connector electrically controlled, switching power supply switching module and the power supply control signal output terminal of a switching module connected to the signal input terminal, the power switching module and light module are connected via an alarm waterproof cable.

[0008]本发明的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置还可以包括: [0008] Power for the power buoy of the present invention is electroporation electronically controlled automatic emergency power supply may switch the warning device further comprises:

[0009] 1、所述电源切换模块包括:第二二极管D2的第2脚、第三二极管D3的第2脚、第四二极管D4的第2脚、继电器Kl的第7脚、第八电阻R8的第I脚、第十二电阻R12的第I脚、第十三电阻R13的第I脚、第六电阻R6的第2脚、第四电容C4的第I脚、第五电容C5的第I脚、第八电容C8的正极、电压比较器的第5脚和单锁存器的第5脚并联后接到供电输出接头P5的第I脚VCC端,继电器Kl的第2脚、第十电容ClO的负极、第二直流稳压模块DC2的第3脚、第七电容C7的负极、第八电容C8的负极、电控密封舱防水接头P2的第I脚、第一直流稳压模块DCl的第3脚、电源切换芯片LTC4412的第2脚与第3脚、滑动变阻器R7的第I脚、TL431稳压管Dl的第2脚、电压比较器的第2脚、第四电容C4的第2脚、第五电容C5的第2脚、单锁存器的第2脚与第6脚、第二三极管Q2的发射极并联后接到供电输出接头P5的第2脚GND端,动力电池 [0009] 1, the power switching module comprising: a second diode D2 of the second pin, the third diode D3 of the second pin, the fourth pin diode D4, the second, the seventh relay Kl foot, an eighth resistor R8 feet of I, I, a twelfth resistor R12 pin, a thirteenth resistor R13 I of feet, the sixth resistor R6 of the second pin, the fourth capacitor C4 of the second pin I, the the first power supply output terminals P5 to 5 feet of the first capacitor in parallel to five feet C5 I, the positive electrode of the eighth capacitor C8, 5 feet voltage comparator and a single second latch pin VCC terminal I, the relay Kl pin 2, the negative electrode capacitor ClO tenth of a second DC power DC2 to the third module pin, the seventh capacitor C7 negative electrode, a negative electrode eighth capacitor, electrically controlled capsule waterproof connector pin P2 of I to C8, a first DC power DCl to the third pin module, power switching chip LTC4412 second pin and the third pin, the slide rheostat R7 feet of I, the TL431 zener diode Dl of the second pin, the second voltage comparator foot, the fourth capacitor C4 to the second pin, the fifth capacitor C5 to the second leg, a single second latch pin and the sixth pin, the second transistor Q2 is connected in parallel to the emitter of the power output connector P5 2 feet GND terminal, battery 电源接头P3的第I脚连接第九电容C9的正极、第二直流稳压模块DC2的第I脚,动力电池电源接头P3的第2脚连接第九电容C9的负极和第二直流稳压模块DC2的第2脚,第二直流稳压模块DC2的第4脚连接第十电容ClO的正极和继电器Kl的第5脚,电控密封舱防水接头P2的第2脚连接第四二极管D4的第I脚、继电器KI的第4脚和电源切换芯片LTC4412的第6脚,电控密封舱防水接头P2的第2脚作为灯光报警模块的供电电源正极U3,电控密封舱防水接头P2的第I脚GND作为灯光报警模块的供电电源的负极通过防水电缆连接到防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl;电控电池电源接头P4的第I脚连接第六电容C6的正极、第一直流稳压模块DCl的第I脚和滑动变阻器R7的第2脚,电控电池电源接头P4的第2脚连接第六电容C6的负极和第一直流稳压模块DCl的第2脚,第一直流稳压模块DCl的第4脚连接第七电容C7的正极和P沟道场 Power connector pin P3 is connected to the positive electrode I of the ninth capacitor C9, a second DC power DC2 module feet of I, the second pin connecting the power supply battery connector P3 ninth capacitor C9 and a second DC negative module DC2 second pin, a second DC power DC2 module of the tenth capacitor ClO 4 pin connector and the positive electrode pin 5 of relay Kl, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector P2, the second pin connecting the fourth diode D4 section I pin, positive power supply relay KI pin 4 and power switching chip LTC4412 of 6 feet, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector of the second pin P2 is used as light alarm module U3, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector P2, I pin GND of the negative electrode as a visual alarm module power supply is connected via a cable to the waterproof watertight lamp capsule Pl is waterproof connector; P4 electric battery power supply connector connected to a positive electrode pin I of the sixth capacitor C6, the first DC I DCl module of the second leg and foot rheostat R7, and electrically connected to the second control pin connector P4 of the battery power source of the sixth capacitor C6 and a cathode of a first DC power DCl module pin 2, the first DC voltage regulator DCl pin 4 of a seventh capacitor C7 connected to the positive electrode and the P-channel field 应管Q3的漏极,P沟道场效应管Q3的源极连接第三二极管D3的第I脚,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第5脚接到P沟道场效应管的栅极,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第4脚与第十二电阻R12的第2脚并联后接到控制模块的电源切换信号输入端,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第I脚与滑动变阻器R7的第3脚、电压比较器的第3脚相连,电压比较器的第I脚连接TL431稳压管Dl的第I脚、第3脚和第六电阻R6的第I脚,电压比较器的第4脚与第八电阻R8的第2脚并联后接到单锁存器的第3脚,单锁存器的第I脚接到继电器Kl的第I脚,单锁存器的第4脚连接第十电阻RlO的第2脚,第十电阻RlO的第I脚连接第二三极管Q2的基极,第二三极管Q2的集电极与第二二极管D2的第I脚、继电器Kl的第8脚相连,继电器Kl的第3脚连接第十三电阻R13的第2脚。 The drain of transistor Q3 to be the source of P-channel FET Q3 is connected to the third diode D3 I of feet, 5 feet power chip LTC4412 switched to the gate of the P-channel FET, power switching chip to the control module when the second pin parallel LTC4412 pin 4 of the twelfth resistor R12 and the switching signal input terminal of the first power switching chip I LTC4412 feet and 3 feet R7 rheostat, the voltage comparator pin 3 is connected to the first voltage comparator foot I TL431 zener diode Dl is connected to the first I feet, 3 feet of the second and the sixth resistor R6 is I, feet, 4 feet voltage comparator and an eighth resistor R8 after receiving the single pin parallel latch pin 3, pin I, a single latch is connected to the first relay Kl I pin, 4-pin connector of a single latch tenth resistor RlO to pin 2, of yl ten resistor RlO connected to the second leg of I transistor Q2 is, the collector of the second transistor Q2 and the second diode D2 of the second pin I, relay Kl is connected to the first pin 8, the relay Kl pin 3 connected to a thirteenth resistor R13 to the second pin.

[0010] 2、所述灯光报警模块包括:防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl引入灯光报警模块的供电电源,防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl第2脚标识名DVCC作为电源正极,防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl第I脚标识名DGND作为电源负极,第一电容Cl连接555定时器Ul的第5脚和电源的DGND端,第二电容C2连接电源的DVCC端和DGND端,第一电阻Rl连接555定时器Ul的第3脚和第一三极管Ql的基极,第二电阻R2串联第三电阻R3,第三电阻R3与电解电容C3正极串联,第二电阻R2另一端接入电源DVCC端,电解电容C3另一端连接到电源DGND端,第二电阻R2、第三电阻R3和电解电容C3共同作用使555定时器Ul输出脚输出方波,555定时器Ul的第I脚接电源DGND端,555定时器Ul的第8脚接电源DVCC端、555定时器Ul的第2脚和第6脚并联接到第三电阻R3和电解电容C3之间、555定时器Ul的第4脚接电源DVCC端、555定时器Ul的第7脚接入第二电阻R2、第三 [0010] 2, the light alarm module comprising: a watertight lamp capsule waterproof connector Pl incorporated power supply module light alarm, waterproof lamp capsule Pl waterproof connector pin 2 were identified as positive power supply DVCC waterproof waterproof connector lamp capsule I, Pl pin DGND identification name as the negative power supply, a first capacitor Cl connected to pin 5 and the DGND terminal of the power source 555 of the timer Ul, power connection terminal DVCC and DGND terminal of the second capacitor C2, a first resistor Rl connected to the timing 555 Ul is the third leg of the first transistor Ql and the base of the second resistor R2, a third resistor R3 in series, a third resistor R3 connected electrically in series with the electrolytic capacitor C3, the other end of the second resistor R2 DVCC power terminal access, electrolytic capacitor C3 is connected to the other end of the DGND terminal of the power supply, a second resistor R2, a third resistor R3 and the electrolytic capacitor C3 together to make the 555 timer output pin of the output square wave Ul, Ul 555 timer connected to a first power supply pin DGND terminal I, Ul 555 of the timer 8 connected to the power supply pin terminal DVCC, the timer Ul 555 and a second leg between 6 feet and coupled to the third resistor R3 and a C3 electrolytic capacitor, the timer Ul 555 feet to the fourth power DVCC 7 feet access terminal, the timer 555 Ul a second resistor R2, a third 阻R3之间,第一至三报警灯LED1、LED2、LED3和第四电阻R4串联,第四至六报警灯LED4、LED5、LED6和第五电阻R5串联,第一报警灯LEDl和第四报警灯LED4正极并联后连接到电源DVCC端,第四电阻R4、第五电阻R5并联后连接到第一三极管Ql集电极,第一三极管Ql发射极连接到电源DGND端。 Between the resistance R3, the first to third alarm lamp LED1, LED2, LED3 and the fourth resistor R4 in series, the fourth to six alarm lamp LED4, LED5, LED6 and a fifth resistor R5 connected in series, the first and fourth alarm warning lights LEDl after parallel lamp LED4 positive terminal connected to the power DVCC, the fourth resistor R4, the fifth resistor R5 is connected in parallel to the first transistor Ql collector, the emitter of the first transistor Ql is connected to the power supply terminal DGND.

[0011]本发明的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警控制方法为: [0011] Power for the power buoy of the present invention is an electrical power transfer and automatic emergency alarm handover control method of controlling the power supply as follows:

[0012] 1、正常情况下,电源切换模块中继电器Kl的常闭触点闭合,电源切换芯片LTC4412输出低电平给P沟道场效应管的栅极,使电控电池正常工作,灯光报警模块不工作; [0012] 1, under normal circumstances, the power supply switching module normally closed contact of relay Kl is closed, the power switch chip LTC4412 outputs low to the gate of the P-channel FET, the normal operation so that battery electric, light alarm module Not working;

[0013 ] 2、电源切换模块的电压比较器自动检测电控电池是否欠压; [0013] 2, the power switching module automatically detects whether the voltage comparator electrically controlled battery voltage;

[0014] 3、在电控电池电量充足时,电源切换模块中的电压比较器输出低电平给单锁存器,单锁存器输出低电平到第二三极管Q2的基极,第二三极管Q2截止,继电器Kl的常闭触点保持闭合状态;当动力电池存在剩余较多电量且电控电池电量降低时,电源切换模块中的电压比较器检测到电控电池电压下降到设定阈值后,电压比较器输出高电平给单锁存器,单锁存器输出高电平到第二三极管Q2基极,第二三极管Q2导通,继电器Kl常开触点闭合,一方面使单锁存器保持高电平状态,另一方面由动力电池开始供电,使灯光报警模块的报警灯闪烁报警,同时电源切换模块中的电源切换芯片LTC4412检测到高于电控电池分压的动力电池供电电压的接入后,电源切换芯片LTC4412输出高电平给P沟道场效应管的栅极,使电控电池停止供电,同时电源切换芯片LTC4412另外引脚输出低 [0014] 3, when the fully charged battery control, voltage comparator outputs a low-level power switching module to a single latch, the latch outputs a low level to a single base electrode of the second transistor Q2, the second transistor Q2 is turned off, the normally closed contact of relay Kl remains closed; large amount when there is a remaining battery power decreases and the electric battery, the power supply switching module voltage comparator detects electric battery voltage drops after setting the threshold, the voltage comparator output is high for a single latch, a single high-level latch output to the second transistor Q2 base, a second transistor Q2 is turned on, the normally open relay Kl contacts are closed, on the one hand of the single latch state remains high, on the other hand by the battery power supply is started, so that the alarm lamp light flashing warning alarm module, while the switching power supply chip LTC4412 switching module is detected above the access control sub-battery after power supply voltage of the battery voltage, the power supply switch to output high chip LTC4412 gate of the P-channel field effect transistor, so that battery electric power is stopped, while the lower power switching chip LTC4412 additional output pin 平信号给控制模块中的主控制器,主控制器通过电台和通讯天线将电控电池欠压、浮标方位信息发送出去或给远程工作人员。 Level signal to the control module main controller, the main controller controls the electric battery voltage, float orientation information transmitted through radio communication and an antenna or to a teleworker.

[0015]与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:本发明与传统的浮标供电装置相比,可实现在电控电池电量耗尽,而且动力电池电量充足的情况下,自动切换到动力电池供电,且能保证在电源切换时,电气设备正常工作,实现电气设备的持续正常工作。 [0015] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: compared with the conventional power supply device according to the present invention, the float can be realized electrically controlled depleted battery, and the battery power is sufficient, the automatic switch to battery power, and can ensure that the power switch, electrical equipment is working properly, sustained normal operation of electrical equipment. 在不增加备用电源的情况下,本发明不仅实现了电控电池电量耗尽的情况下自动切换到动力电池为弱电电气设备供电,实现自身电源的充分利用,而且可以通过灯光报警模块进行闪烁报警,帮助工作人员在恶劣天气条件下迅速找到动力浮标。 Without increasing the standby power, the present invention is not implemented electronically controlled automatic switching case where the battery runs out of battery power to the weak electric equipment, to achieve the full advantage of its power and can be light flashing alarm by the alarm module to help staff quickly find the motivation to buoy under adverse weather conditions. 当动力浮标开始工作后,本发明可自动进行电控电池电量检测、自动应急切换与自动进行闪烁灯光报警,不需要主控制器干预,响应速度快;还能通过调整电压比较器电压输入端的滑动变阻器,以适用于额定输出电压不同的电控电池。 When the buoy starts working power, the present invention can be electrically controlled automatic battery detection, automatic emergency flashing lights automatically switch the alarm, the main controller does not need to intervene, fast response; can slide by adjusting the input voltage of the comparator varistors, to apply to a different nominal output voltage electric battery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016]图1是本发明的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置的整体结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is an overall schematic view of the emergency electric power supply is automatically switched to power alarm device for a power buoy of the present invention, an electrical switch;

[0017]图2是本动力电池转电控电供电的电源切换模块电路图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of a power supply switching module battery power supply electrically controlled switch;

[0018]图3是灯光报警模块电路图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of the light alarm module;

[0019]图4是本发明的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警控制方法流程图。 [0019] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a power for a power buoy of the present invention is an electrical power transfer and automatic emergency alarm control method of controlling the switching power supply.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020]下面结合附图举例对本发明作进一步描述。 [0020] conjunction with the accompanying drawings illustrative of the present invention will be further described.

[0021]动力浮标和普通浮标一样,能够浮在水面上,它的天线杆不容易被水浸没,因此可以在天线杆上安装报警灯,当电控电池电量耗尽时,点亮报警灯报警。 [0021] and the general power buoy buoys as to float on the water, it is not easy to masts flooded with water, can be a warning lamp mounted on the rod antenna, when the electric battery is exhausted, the alarm warning lamp lit .

[0022]结合图1,灯光报警模块2安装在防水灯密封舱I中,防水灯密封舱I安装在天线杆4上;动力电池9、电控电池8、电源切换模块7和其它控制模块6都安装在浮标主体10的防水电控密封舱5中,防水灯密封舱I通过防水电缆3与防水电控密封舱5相连接,更具体的说是电源切换模块7的动力电池电源接头与动力电池9的输出端连接,电源切换模块7的电控电池电源接头与电控电池8的输出端连接,电源切换模块7的电源切换信号输出端与其它控制模块6的电源切换信号输入端连接;电源切换模块7和灯光报警模块2经由防水电缆3连接。 [0022] in conjunction with FIG. 1, the light alarm module 2 is mounted in a waterproof lamp capsule I, waterproof lamp capsule I mounted on the antenna mast 4; battery 9, electric battery 8, a power switching module 7 and the other control modules 6 are mounted in waterproof electric control capsule 5 buoy body 10, a waterproof lamp capsule I 3 is connected to electric control seal chamber 5 through waterproof cable, more particularly a power supply switching module battery power connector and the power 7 the output terminal of the battery 9 is connected to the power switch output terminal block electrically controlled battery power connector and electronic control of the battery 7, 8 are connected, power switching power supply module 7 of the switching power supply signal output terminal and the other control modules 6 of the switching signal input terminal; power switching module and lights the alarm module 7 via a waterproof cable connector 2 3.

[0023]当电控电池8电量充足时,电源切换模块7自动选择电控电池8为浮标内的电气设备供电,且电源切换模块7不为灯光报警模块2供电,灯光报警模块2不工作。 [0023] When fully electric battery 8 power, the power switching module 7 is automatically selected electric battery 8 to supply the electrical devices within the buoy, and the power switching module 7 without alarm 2 power supply module for a light, the light alarm module 2 does not operate. 当电控电池8电量耗尽时,电源切换模块7自动切换到动力电池9为继续为电气设备供电并自动为灯光报警模块2供电,同时断开电控电池8的供电,将电源切换信息发送给其他控制模块6中的主控制器,主控制器将通过电台和通讯天线将电控电池欠压、浮标方位等信息发送给远程工作人员;电源切换模块7在切换到动力电池9供电后,会锁定动力电池9供电状态,避免因电控电池8停止供电后电压回升产生的虚高电压使电源切换模块7再次切换到电控电池8供电,灯光报警模块2闪烁的报警灯方便工作人员迅速找到电控电池8电量耗尽的动力浮标,特别是在夜晚,闪烁的报警灯将极大的缩短工作人员寻找到动力浮标的时间。 When electric power is exhausted battery 8, a power switching module automatically switches to the battery 7 to 9 continues to supply power to electrical equipment and automatic light power alarm module 2, and disconnect the electric battery 8, the power transmission switching information to the other control modules 6 of the master controller, the master controller will be transmitted to remote workers and radio communication antenna by electric battery voltage, float position information; power switching module 7 after switching to battery powered 9, 9 is locked battery powered state, avoiding the battery 8 is stopped due to electric power generated artificially high recovery voltage of the power supply voltage is again switched to the switching module 7 controls the electric power of the battery 8, fast alarm module 2 light flashing warning lights facilitate staff find the motivation to buoy 8 electronically controlled battery power runs out, especially at night, flashing warning light will greatly shorten the staff to find a power buoy time.

[0024]结合图2:电源切换模块7中的动力电池电源接头P3接到直流稳压模块DC2的第I脚和第2脚,用来引入动力电池提供电能,直流稳压模块DC2的输入端第I脚和第2脚并联电解电容C9,直流稳压模块DC2的输出端第3脚和第4脚并联电解电容C10,电解电容C9、C10均起到滤波作用;继电器Kl的第7脚、第8脚并联二极管D2,二极管D2起续流作用,继电器KI的第3脚接电阻R13的2脚,电阻R13起限流作用,继电器Kl的第I脚连接单锁存器的第I脚,继电器KI的第5脚连接直流稳压模块DC2的第4脚,继电器KI的第4脚连接二极管D4的正极、电源切换芯片LTC4412的第6脚和电控密封舱防水接头P2的第2脚,二极管D4起单向导通隔离作用,电控密封舱防水接头P2将灯光报警模块的供电电源正极U3及负极GND通过防水电缆连接到防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl。 [0024] FIG. 2 in conjunction with: a battery power supply switching module power connector P3, the DC power module 7 to the first I DC2 feet and 2 feet, for introducing battery provides power, DC power input terminal DC2 module the first pin and the second pin I parallel electrolytic capacitor C9, the output terminal of the DC power module DC2 and the third leg parallel pin 4 electrolytic capacitors C10, electrolytic capacitors C9, C10 are played filtering effect; the relay Kl 7 feet, 8 feet parallel diode D2, the diode D2 from the freewheeling current function, the relay KI 2 feet to 3 feet of the resistor R13, resistor R13 from limiting the role of relay Kl connected to a single pin I I of latch pin, KI of the relay 5 connector pin DC2 DC module pin 4, pin 4 of relay KI connecting the anode of the diode D4, switching power supply chip LTC4412 pin 6 and electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector P2 of the second leg, diode D4 conducting isolation from a single, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector P2 to the light of the alarm module U3 positive and the negative power supply GND is connected to the lamp capsule watertight by the waterproof waterproof cable connector Pl. 电控电池电源接头P4接到直流稳压模块DCl的第I脚和第2脚,用来引入电控电池提供电能,直流稳压模块DCl的输入端第I脚和第2脚并联电解电容C6,直流稳压模块DCl的输出端第3脚和第4脚并联电解电容C7,电解电容C6、C7均起到滤波作用,P沟道场效应管Q3的漏极连接电解电容C7的正极,P沟道场效应管Q3的栅极连接到电源切换芯片LTC4412的第5脚,P沟道场效应管Q3的源极连接到二极管D3的正极,P沟道场效应管Q3起通断电控电池供电回路的作用,二极管D3起单向导通隔离作用。 Electric battery power supply to the DC connector P4 of the module I DCl feet and 2 feet, for introducing electric battery provides power input terminal of the first DC power DCl module I feet and 2 feet electrolytic capacitor C6 in parallel , the output terminal of the DC power module DCl 3 feet and 4 feet electrolytic capacitor C7 in parallel, electrolytic capacitors C6, C7 are played filtering effect, the drain of the P-channel transistor Q3 is connected to the positive electrode of the electrolytic capacitor C7, P groove the gate channel FET Q3 is connected to pin 5 of power switching chip LTC4412, the P-channel FET Q3 is connected to the anode of the diode D3, Q3 from the battery through the power supply circuit off control action of the P-channel FET , from a single diode D3 conducting isolation. 二极管D3、D4的负极与起滤波作用的电解电容C8的正极并联接到供电输出接头P5的第I脚,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第4脚连接电阻R12的2脚和其他控制模块的电源切换信号输入端,电阻R12用来拉高电源切换芯片LTC4412第4脚的电压;滑动变阻器R7的第2脚连接到电控电池电源接头P4的第I脚,滑动变阻器R7的第3脚连接到电压比较器的第3脚和电源切换芯片LTC4412的第I脚,滑动变阻器用来调整电控电池输入到电压比较的输入电压称为电控电池8的分压Ul,TL431稳压管的第I脚和第3脚与电阻R6的第I脚并联接到电压比较器的第2脚,称为预设电压U0,根据TL431稳压管的特性与接线方式,电压UO—般为2.5V;电压比较器第4脚并联上拉电阻R8的第2脚连接到单锁存器的第3脚,电压比较器和电阻R6、R8、滑动变阻器R7、TL431稳压管D1、与起滤波作用电容C4构成电压检测电路,通过电控电池8的分 Diodes D3, in parallel to the electrolytic capacitor anode and the cathode from the filtering effect of C8 to D4 of the first power supply output terminals I pin P5, the power supply pin 2 of the resistor R12 connected to pin 4 power chip LTC4412 switching module and other switching control signal input voltages for pulling resistor R12 to the power switching chip LTC4412 4 feet; R7 rheostat second pin is connected to the electrical control of the battery power supply connector P4 I feet, 3 feet slide resistor R7 is connected to the voltage comparator according to the first pin 3 and the first power supply switching chip I LTC4412 feet, electric slide rheostat to adjust the battery voltage inputted to the comparator input voltage is referred to as a battery-voltage electric Ul 8, the first leg and I TL431 regulator of I, the second pin pin pin 3 and the first parallel resistor R6 to a voltage comparator, called predetermined voltage U0, according to the characteristics of the regulator TL431 connection mode, a voltage of 2.5V UO- like; voltage comparator pull-up resistor R8 in parallel on the second pin 4 connected to a single pin of the latch pin 3, the voltage comparator and resistors R6, R8, slide rheostat R7, TL431 zener diode D1, and capacitor C4 from the filtering effect constitute a voltage detection circuit, controlled by an electrical sub-battery 8 Ul和预设电压UO来检测电控电池电压是否正常,然后输出检测信号给单锁存器。 A preset voltage UO and Ul detects the battery voltage is normal electrical control, and then outputs a detection signal to the single latch. 单锁存器的第5脚、第6脚并联电容C5,电容C5起滤波作用,单锁存器的第4脚连接到电阻RlO的2脚,电阻RlO起限流作用,电阻RlO的第I脚连接到三极管Q2的第2脚基极,三极管Q2的第3脚连接到继电器的第8脚,三极管Q2起控制继电器的线圈回路通断的作用。 5 single latch pin, pin 6 parallel capacitor C5, the capacitor C5 from the filtering effect, a single latch pin 4 of the pin 2 is connected to the resistor RlO, the resistor RlO from limiting the role of the resistor RlO I of pin is connected to the second transistor Q2 foot base, the transistor Q2 is connected to pin 3 of relay 8 feet, transistor Q2 acts as a relay coil control circuit is off.

[0025] 正常工作情况下,继电器Kl常闭触点闭合,继电器的第4脚接到第6脚上,导致电压U3没有输入电压,因此电源切换芯片LTC4412输入端电控电池8的分压U1>U3,电源切换芯片LTC4412第5脚(GATE端)输出低电平给P沟道场效应管Q3的栅极,使P沟道场效应管Q3导通,当电控电池8电量充足时,通过直流稳压模块DCl和二极管D3,给VCC提供稳定的工作电压;同时,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第4脚输出高电平信号给其他控制模块6;而且电压比较器输入端电控电池8的分压Ul>预设电压U0,其中用于调节电压Ul的可调变阻器电阻R7是经调试后的预设状态。 The [0025] normal operation, the normally closed contact relay Kl is closed, relay 4 feet to 6 feet, resulting in no input voltage U3 voltage, power switching chip LTC4412 control input terminal of battery-voltage U1 8 > U3, power switching chip LTC4412 pin 5 (gATE terminal) outputs the low level to the gate of P-channel field effect transistor Q3, the P-channel FET Q3 is turned on, when the fully charged battery 8 power control, the DC DCl voltage regulator module and a diode D3, to provide a stable operating voltage VCC; Meanwhile, power switching chip LTC4412 of 4 feet high output signal to the other control module 6; and the voltage comparator input terminal of a battery electronic control of the partial pressure of 8 Ul> predetermined voltage U0, wherein for adjusting the adjustable resistor R7 varistor voltage Ul is the default state after debugging. 电压比较器第4脚输出低电平信号给单锁存器第3脚(D端),当单锁存器第6脚(输出使能OE端)为低电平,且单锁存器第I脚(锁存使能LE端)为高电平时,单锁存器第4脚(Q端)与第3脚(D端)一致,输出低电平信号给三极管Q2的基极,三极管Q2截止,继电器Kl不工作,常闭触点依旧保持闭合状态。 4 feet voltage comparator outputs a low level signal to the latch pin 3 single (D end), when the single latch pin 6 (output enable terminal OE) is low, and the single first latch I pin (latch enable terminal LE) is at high level, a single latch 4 feet (Q terminal) of the first pin 3 (D end) of the same, outputs a low level signal to the base of transistor Q2, transistor Q2 off, relay Kl not work normally closed contact still remains closed.

[0026]随着电控电池8电量消耗,其输出电压低到一定程度时,电压比较器输入端电控电池8的分压Ul〈预设电压U0,电压比较器第4脚输出高电平信号给单锁存器第3脚(D端),此时单锁存器第I脚(锁存使能LE端)还依旧是高电平状态,单锁存器第4脚(Q端)与第3脚(D端)保持一致,输出高电平给三极管Q2的基极,三极管Q2导通,使继电器Kl工作,进而使其常闭触点断开,常开触点闭合,继电器Kl的第4脚从第6脚断开连接到第5脚上,即切换到由动力电池9供电的直流稳压模块DC2的第4脚上,这时U3已经有输入电压,并且给接口P2提供电源,接口P2通过防水电缆连接到防水灯密封舱防水接头Pl,给灯光报警模块2供电,灯光报警模块2的LED灯闪烁报警;同时,电压U3经过二极管D4给VCC提供稳定的工作电压;这时,电源切换芯片LTC4412的输入端的电控电池8的分压UI〈U3,根据电源切换芯 [0026] With the electric power consumption of the battery 8, when the output voltage is low enough, the voltage comparator input terminal control the battery-voltage Ul 8 <predetermined voltage U0, the voltage comparator 4 feet high signal to the latch pin 3 single (D end), then a single latch pin section I (latch enable terminal LE) is also still high level state, the single latch 4 feet (Q terminal) holding the third leg (D end) of the same, outputs the high level to the base of transistor Q2, the transistor Q2 is turned on, the relay Kl work, and further it contacts open normally closed, normally open contacts closed, relay Kl pin 4 is disconnected from 6 feet to 5 feet, i.e. switching to battery powered by a DC power module 9 DC2 4 feet, then U3 has input voltage and to provide the interface P2 power, port P2 is connected through a waterproof cable to a waterproof lamp capsule waterproof connector Pl, to light the alarm module 2 powered light alarm module LED lamp 2 flashing alarm; the same time, the voltage U3 via a diode D4 to VCC to provide a stable operating voltage; this when power is input LTC4412 switching chip electrically controlled battery-voltage UI <U3 8, according to the power switching core LTC4412的工作特性,其第5脚(GATE端)输出高电平给P沟道场效应管Q3的栅极,使P沟道场效应管Q3截至,电控电池8通过直流稳压模块DCl和二极管D3提供工作电压VCC的供电回路被切断,这时,工作电压VCC有且只能由动力电池9供给;同时,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第4脚输出低电平的电源切换信号给其他控制模块6。 LTC4412 operating characteristics, which pin 5 (GATE terminal) outputs the high level to the gate of P-channel field effect transistor Q3, the P-channel transistor Q3 is ended, the electronic control module battery 8 by DC power DCl and diode D3 operating voltage VCC of the power supply circuit is cut off, this time, the operating voltage VCC there is only supplied by the battery and 9; the same time, a low power output pin 4 of switching chip LTC4412 switching signal to the other control modules 6. 上述继电器Kl工作,当常闭触点断开且常开触点闭合时,继电器Kl的第I脚从第3脚断开连接到第2脚的GND上,进而使单锁存器第I脚(锁存使能LE端)为低电平,即使单锁存器第4脚(Q端)不再跟随第3脚(D端)变化,而继续维持原状态,SP始终输出高电平,继续确保继电器Kl始终维持在工作状态。 Relay Kl above-described operation, when the normally closed contacts and normally open contacts closed OFF, the relay Kl I, 3 feet from the pin to the GND disconnect the second pin, thereby enabling a single latch pin I of (latch enable terminal LE) is low, even if a single latch 4 feet (Q terminal) can no longer follow the third leg (D side) changes, and continue to maintain the original state, SP always outputs a high level, continue to ensure that relay Kl has remained in working condition. 在这种情况下,即使因电控电池8停止供电后电压回升产生的虚高电压,又再次电控电池8的分压UDUO而使电压比较器第4脚输出低电平信号给单锁存器第3脚(D端),单锁存器第4脚(Q端)也不再跟随第3脚(D端)变化,始终保持输出高电平不变,不会使电源切换模块7再次切换到电控电池8供电状态。 In this case, even after the power supply is stopped due to electric battery voltage goes up unrealistically high voltage generator 8, and again a battery electronic control UDUO dividing the voltage comparator 8 outputs a low level signal on pin 4 to a single latch is 3 feet (D end), a single latch 4 feet (Q terminal) can no longer follow the pin 3 (D side) changes, the output remains unchanged high level, it does not cause the power switching module 7 again 8 is switched to the electric battery powered state.

[0027] 结合图3:在灯光报警模块2中,DVCC和DGND引入供电电源,电容Cl连接555定时器Ul的第5脚和电源的DGND端,电容C2连接电源的DVCC端和DGND端,电容Cl和C2起滤波作用;电阻Rl连接555定时器Ul的第3脚和三极管Ql的基极,起到减小Ql基极输入电流的作用;电阻R2串联R3,R3与电解电容C3正极串联,电阻R2另一端接入电源DVCC端,电解电容C3另一端连接到电源DGND端,电阻R2、R3和电解电容C3共同作用使NE555N芯片Ul输出脚输出方波;555定时器Ul的第8脚和第I脚分别接电源DVCC端和DGND端,555定时器Ul的第2脚和第6脚并联接到电阻R3和电解电容C3之间,555定时器Ul的第4脚接电源DVCC端,555定时器Ul的第7脚接入电阻R2、R3之间;报警灯LEDl、LED2、LED3和电阻R4串联,报警灯LED4、LED5、LED6和电阻R5串联,LEDl和LED4正极并联后连接到电源DVCC端;电阻R4、R5起分压作用,并联后连接到三极管Ql集电 [0027] in conjunction with FIG. 3: power connection DVCC and DGND terminal end in the light alarm module 2, power supply is introduced DVCC and DGND, capacitor Cl connected to the timer 555 and pin 5 of Ul the DGND terminal of the power supply, the capacitor C2, the capacitor Cl and C2 from the filtering effect; pin 3 and resistor Rl of transistor Ql is connected to the base 555 of the timer Ul electrode, the working electrode functions as the input current is reduced Ql group; series resistors R2 R3, R3 in series with the electrolytic capacitor C3 and a positive electrode, the other end of the resistor R2 DVCC access to power terminal, the other end of the electrolytic capacitor C3 is connected to the DGND terminal of the power supply, resistors R2, R3 and the capacitor C3 together to make electrolytic chip Ul NE555N output square wave output pin; 555 timer Ul of 8 feet and I, respectively, to the power pin DVCC and DGND terminal end, the timer Ul 555 and a second pin parallel to the pin 6 between the resistor R3 and a C3 electrolytic capacitor, the timer Ul 555 feet to the fourth power of the terminal DVCC, 555 the timer Ul 7 feet access resistors R2, R3 between; alarm lamp LEDl, LED2, LED3 and the resistor R4 in series, the alarm lamp LED4, LED5, LED6 and a resistor R5 connected in series, and after LEDl LED4 connected in parallel to the positive power supply DVCC end; resistors R4, R5 from voltage division, connected in parallel to the collector of transistor Ql ;三极管Ql的发射极接到电源的DGND端。 ; Electrode connected to the emitter of transistor Ql DGND terminal of the power source.

[0028] 在DVCC提供稳定有效电压时,通过电阻R2、R3和电容C3共同作用使NE555N芯片Ul第3脚输出连续方波信号;当NE555N芯片Ul第3脚输出高电平时,通过电阻Rl使三极管Q6基极为高电平,使三极管Q6导通,电阻R4、R5并联端与DGND相连,这样报警灯LED1、LED2、LED3和报警灯LED4、LED5、LED6在DVCC和DGND的间接作用下点亮;当NE555N芯片Ul第3脚输出低电平时,通过电阻Rl使三极管Q6基极为低电平,使三极管Q6截至,这样报警灯LEDl、LED2、LED3和报警灯LED4、LED5、LED6不能点亮。 [0028] Providing stable and effective when the voltage through resistors R2, R3 and the capacitor C3 together to make NE555N chip Ul pin 3 output continuous square wave signal in the DVCC; NE555N when the chip Ul 3 feet high output, by making the resistor Rl transistor Q6 group is extremely high, so that transistor Q6 is turned on, resistors R4, R5 and DGND terminal connected in parallel, so that the alarm lamp LED1, LED2, LED3 and warning lamps LED4, LED5, LED6 indirect lighting under the action of DVCC and DGND ; NE555N when the chip Ul 3 feet output low, so that transistor Q6 through the resistor Rl group is very low, the transistor Q6 ended, so that the alarm lamp LEDl, LED2, LED3 and warning lamps LED4, LED5, LED6 not light up. 当NE555N芯片Ul第3脚输出连续方波时,可以使报警灯LED1、LED2、LED3和报警灯LED4、LED5、LED6呈现闪烁效果。 When the third pin NE555N chip Ul continuous square wave output, allows the alarm lamp LED1, LED2, LED3 and warning lamps LED4, LED5, LED6 rendering flickering effect. 通过调整电阻R2、R3和电容C3的大小可以调节报警灯的闪烁频率。 By adjusting the resistors R2, R3 and capacitor C3 can adjust the size of the warning lamp flashing frequency.

[0029]结合图4,本发明所提供的自动供电报警装置的控制方法包括如下步骤: [0029] in conjunction with FIG. 4, a control method for automatic supply of the alarm device of the present invention is provided comprising the steps of:

[0030]步骤1:整个浮标系统开始工作后,本发明的电控电转动力电供电报警装置也开始工作; [0030] Step 1: After the whole buoy system to work, the electric power control of the present invention, the rotational force supply electric alarm device may start working;

[0031]步骤2:正常情况下,电源切换模块7中的继电器常闭触点闭合,由于电源切换芯片的输入电压U1>U3,电源切换芯片GATE脚输出低电平到P沟道MOSFET的栅极,P沟道MOSFET导通,使电控电池8供电回路闭合,由电控电池8提供工作电压VCC; [0031] Step 2: Under normal circumstances, the relay power switching module 7 in the normally closed contact is closed, the input voltage of the power switching chip U1> U3, power switching chip GATE pin output low to the gate of P-channel MOSFET poles, P-channel MOSFET, so that battery electric power supply circuit 8 is closed, the operating voltage VCC from the battery 8 is electrically controlled;

[0032]步骤3:电源切换模块7中的电压比较器自动检测电控电池8的电压是否正常; [0032] Step 3: power switching module voltage comparators 7 controlled automatically detected voltage of the battery 8 is normal;

[0033] 步骤4:若电控电池8电量充足,电控电池8电压正常,即电控电池8的分压Ul>预设电压UO,电源切换模块7中的电压比较器输出低电平到单锁存器D端,在单锁存器锁存使能端为高电平状态下,单锁存器Q端输出低电平到三极管基极,三极管截至,继电器线圈回路保持断开状态,继电器常闭触点继续保持闭合状态,重复步骤2〜4; [0033] Step 4: If the electric battery 8 is fully charged, the battery power 8 control voltage is normal, i.e., electronically controlled battery-voltage Ul> 8 a UO preset voltage, power switching module voltage comparator outputs the low level to 7 a single latch D side, in the single latch enable terminal of the latch to a high state, the single latch Q output terminal to the transistor base low, as at the transistor, a relay coil circuit remains open, normally closed relay contacts remain closed, repeat steps 2 ~ 4;

[0034] 步骤5若电控电池8电量消耗到一定程度时,使电控电池8电压变低,当电控电池8的分压Ul〈预设电压UO,电源切换模块7中的电压比较器输出高电平到单锁存器D端,单锁存器Q端输出高电平到三极管基极,三极管导通,继电器工作,使常闭触点断开且常开触点闭合,切换到动力电池9供电使U3有电压,且单锁存器的锁存使能端变为低电平,锁定动力电池供电,电源切换模块7为灯光报警模块2供电,电源切换模块7中的电源切换芯片的输入电压U1〈U3,电源切换芯片GATE脚输出高电平信号到P沟道MOSFET的栅极,同时电源切换芯片STAT脚输出低电平的电源切换信号给其它控制模块8的主控制器,电控电池8供电回路被断开,电控电池8停止供电,由动力电池9独立供电,提供工作电压VCC;主控制器通过电台和通讯天线将电控电池欠压、动力浮标方位等信息发送给远程工 When [0034] Step 5 8 when the battery electric power consumption to a certain extent, control the electric voltage of the battery 8 becomes lower, when the partial pressure of the battery 8 is electrically controlled Ul <a UO preset voltage, power switching module of the voltage comparator 7 outputs the high level to the D terminal of a single latch, a single latch Q output high to the base of the transistor, the transistor is turned on, relay operates, the normally closed contacts open and the normally open contact is closed, the switch 9 that the battery power supply voltage U3, the single latch and a latch enable terminal becomes low level, battery power locking, power switching module 7 for a light power alarm module 2, the power supply switch 7 switching module chip input voltage U1 <U3, pin gATE power switching chip level signal to the gate of P-channel MOSFET, while the low-level power switching chip STAT pin output switching signal to the other control module main controller 8 , electric battery power supply circuit 8 is turned off to stop power supply electric battery 8, 9 are independently powered by a battery, the VCC operating voltage; the master controller through radio communication antenna and battery voltage electric power information float orientations, etc. sent to the remote station 人员,灯光报警模块2工作,报警灯闪烁。 Art, light alarm module 2 is operated, the alarm lamp flashes.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置,包括设置在浮标主体内的电控密封舱、设置在天线杆上的防水灯密封舱,其特征是:所述电控密封舱内设置有动力电池、电控电池、电源切换模块和控制模块,所述防水灯密封舱内设置有灯光报警模块,电源切换模块的动力电池电源接头与动力电池的输出端连接,电源切换模块的电控电池电源接头与电控电池的输出端连接,电源切换模块的电源切换信号输出端与控制模块的电源切换信号输入端连接,电源切换模块和灯光报警模块经由防水电缆连接。 1. A method for dynamic power buoys electroporation electrically controlled power switch with automatic emergency alarm device, comprising a capsule disposed within the electrically controlled buoy body, provided watertight lamp capsule of the mast, characterized in that: said cabin is provided with electric battery, electric battery, power switching and control module, said waterproof seal compartment lamp is provided with a light alarm module, the power output of the switching power supply battery and a power connector connected to a battery module, power switching module in the control cell power output connector and electric battery connected to the power switching module power supply switching power supply signal output terminal and a control module switching signal input terminal, the power switching module and light alarm module is connected via a waterproof cable.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置,其特征是所述电源切换模块包括:第二二极管(D2)的第2脚、第三二极管(D3)的第2脚、第四二极管(D4)的第2脚、继电器(Kl)的第7脚、第八电阻(R8)的第I脚、第十二电阻(R12)的第I脚、第十三电阻(R13)的第I脚、第六电阻(R6)的第2脚、第四电容(C4)的第I脚、第五电容(C5)的第I脚、第八电容(CS)的正极、电压比较器的第5脚和单锁存器的第5脚并联后接到供电输出接头(P5)的第I脚VCC端,继电器(Kl)的第2脚、第十电容(ClO)的负极、第二直流稳压模块(DC2)的第3脚、第七电容(C7)的负极、第八电容(C8)的负极、电控密封舱防水接头(P2)的第I脚、第一直流稳压模块(DCl)的第3脚、电源切换芯片LTC4412的第2脚与第3脚、滑动变阻器(R7)的第I脚、TL431稳压管(Dl)的第2脚、电压比较器的第2脚、第四电容(C4)的第2脚、 The power for the power to claim 1, the buoy electroporation electric power switch the automatic emergency alarm device, wherein said power switching module comprising: a second diode (D2) of the second leg, the first three diodes (D3) in the second leg, the fourth diode (D4) in the second leg, the relay (Kl) of 7 feet, an eighth resistor (R8) of I foot, a twelfth resistor ( R12) of I foot, a thirteenth resistor (R13) of I foot, a sixth resistor (R6) of the second pin, the fourth capacitor (C4) I first pin, the fifth capacitor (C5) of I to the power supply output terminals (P5) after the pin 5 parallel legs, the positive electrode eighth capacitor (CS), the first pin 5 of the voltage comparator and a single latch pin VCC terminal I of the relay (Kl) of pin 2, the negative electrode tenth capacitor (ClO), the second DC module (DC2) in the third leg, the seventh capacitor (C7) of the negative electrode, a negative electrode eighth capacitor (C8), the electronically controlled capsule gland (P2) of I foot, a first DC power module (DCl) in the third leg, the power switching chip LTC4412 second pin and the third pin, the slide rheostat (R7) of I foot, the TL431 regulator (Dl) of the second leg, the second leg of voltage comparator, a fourth capacitance (C4) of the second leg, 五电容(C5)的第2脚、单锁存器的第2脚与第6脚、第二三极管(Q2)的发射极并联后接到供电输出接头(P5)的第2脚GND端,动力电池电源接头(P3)的第I脚连接第九电容(C9)的正极、第二直流稳压模块(DC2)的第I脚,动力电池电源接头(P3)的第2脚连接第九电容(C9)的负极和第二直流稳压模块(DC2)的第2脚,第二直流稳压模块(DC2)的第4脚连接第十电容(ClO)的正极和继电器(Kl)的第5脚,电控密封舱防水接头(P2)的第2脚连接第四二极管(D4)的第I脚、继电器(Kl)的第4脚和电源切换芯片LTC4412的第6脚,电控密封舱防水接头(P2)的第2脚作为灯光报警模块的供电电源正极(U3),电控密封舱防水接头(P2)的第I脚GND作为灯光报警模块的供电电源的负极通过防水电缆连接到防水灯密封舱防水接头(PI);电控电池电源接头(P4)的第I脚连接第六电容(C6)的正极、第一直流稳压模块(DCI)的第I脚和滑动变阻器(R7 Five capacitors (C5) in the second leg, a single second latch pin and the sixth pin, the second transistor (Q2) and coupled to the emitter terminal of the second power supply output terminals GND pin (P5) of , the ninth capacitor (C9) to the positive battery power connector (P3) of I-pin connector, a second DC power module (DC2) of I foot, battery power connector (P3) of the second connecting pin IX capacitor (C9) of the negative electrode and the second DC voltage regulator module (DC2) of the second leg, a second DC power module (DC2) connected to the fourth pin tenth capacitor (ClO) and the positive electrode relay (Kl) of 5 feet, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector (P2), the second pin connecting the fourth diode (D4) I feet first, relay (Kl) of 4 feet and 6 feet power switching chip LTC4412, the electrical control negative capsule waterproof connector (P2), the second pin positive power supply (U3) as a light alarm module, electronically controlled capsule waterproof connector (P2) of I pin GND as a light alarm module power supply is connected through a waterproof cable the lamp capsule watertight waterproof connector (the PI); a positive electric battery power connector (P4) is connected to pin I of a sixth capacitor (C6), the first DC power module (DCI) of the foot and slide rheostat I (R7 )的第2脚,电控电池电源接头(P4)的第2脚连接第六电容(C6)的负极和第一直流稳压模块(DCl)的第2脚,第一直流稳压模块(DCl)的第4脚连接第七电容(C7)的正极和P沟道场效应管(Q3)的漏极,P沟道场效应管(Q3)的源极连接第三二极管(D3)的第I脚,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第5脚接到P沟道场效应管(Q3)的栅极,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第4脚与第十二电阻(R12)的第2脚并联后接到控制模块的电源切换信号输入端,电源切换芯片LTC4412的第I脚与滑动变阻器(R7)的第3脚、电压比较器的第3脚相连,电压比较器的第I脚连接TL431稳压管(Dl)的第I脚、第3脚和第六电阻(R6)的第I脚,电压比较器的第4脚与第八电阻(R8)的第2脚并联后接到单锁存器的第3脚,单锁存器的第I脚接到继电器(KI)的第I脚,单锁存器的第4脚连接第十电阻(Rl O)的第2脚,第十电阻(Rl O)的第I脚连接第二三极管(Q2)的基极,第二三极 ) Of the second leg, the second electric battery power connector pin (P4) is connected to the sixth capacitor (C6) and a first negative DC voltage regulator module (DCl) of the second leg, the first DC power module a drain (DCl) connected to the fourth pin seventh capacitor (C7) of the positive electrode and the P-channel field effect transistor (Q3), the P-channel field effect transistor (Q3) is connected to the third diode (D3) of I, feet, 5 feet power chip LTC4412 switched to the gate of a P-channel field effect transistor (Q3) after the second leg in parallel with the power switching chip LTC4412 pin 4 of the twelfth resistor (R12) is connected to power control module switching signal input terminal, connected to the first power supply switching chip I LTC4412 pin and slide rheostat (R7) to the third pin, the third voltage comparator pin, pin I, is connected to voltage comparator regulator TL431 ( after a single latch to the second parallel pin 4 feet DL) of I feet, 3 feet, and the sixth resistor (R6) of I foot, the voltage comparator is connected to an eighth resistor (R8) of 3 feet, I, a single pin is connected to the latch relay (KI) of I foot, single latch pin 4 is connected tenth resistor (Rl O) of the second leg, the tenth resistor (Rl O) a first transistor connected to the second pin I (Q2) the base of the second three-pole (Q2)的集电极与第二二极管(D2)的第I脚、继电器(Kl)的第8脚相连,继电器(Kl)的第3脚连接第十三电阻(R13)的第2脚。 A collector (Q2) and a second diode (D2) of the second pin I, relay (Kl) is connected to the first pin 8, the relay (Kl) is connected to pin 3 of a thirteenth resistor (R13) of the second leg .
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警装置,其特征是所述灯光报警模块包括:防水灯密封舱防水接头(Pl)引入灯光报警模块的供电电源,防水灯密封舱防水接头(Pl)第2脚标识名DVCC作为电源正极,防水灯密封舱防水接头(Pl)第I脚标识名DGND作为电源负极,第一电容(Cl)连接555定时器(Ul)的第5脚和电源的DGND端,第二电容(C2)连接电源的DVCC端和DGND端,第一电阻(Rl)连接555定时器(Ul)的第3脚和第一三极管(Ql)的基极,第二电阻(R2)串联第三电阻(R3),第三电阻(R3)与电解电容(C3)正极串联,第二电阻(R2)另一端接入电源DVCC端,电解电容(C3)另一端连接到电源DGND端,第二电阻(R2)、第三电阻(R3)和电解电容(C3)共同作用使555定时器(Ul)输出脚输出方波,555定时器(Ul)的第I脚接电源DGND端,555定时器(Ul)的第8脚接电源DVCC端、555定时器(Ul)的第2脚 According to claim power for a power buoy of claim 1 or 2 or electroporation electronically controlled power switching and automatic emergency alarm device, wherein said light alarm module comprising: a watertight lamp capsule waterproof connector (Pl is) introducing light warning the power supply module, the lamp capsule watertight waterproof connector (Pl is) identification name DVCC pin 2 as the positive power supply, the lamp capsule watertight waterproof connector (Pl is) I, DGND pin name as identification negative power supply, a first capacitor (Cl) connected DGND terminal of the timer 555 (Ul) of the pin 5 and the power source, a second capacitor (C2) connected to the power supply terminal DVCC and DGND terminal of the first resistor (Rl) connected to the timer 555 (Ul) and the third pin a transistor (Ql,) the base of a second resistor (R2) connected in series the third resistor (R3), a third resistor (R3) and the electrolytic capacitor (C3) connected electrically in series, the other end of the second resistor (R2) access DVCC power supply terminal, an electrolytic capacitor (C3) and the other end connected to the DGND terminal of the power supply, a second resistor (R2), a third resistor (R3) and the electrolytic capacitor (C3) together to make the 555 timer (Ul) pin output square wave output , the timer 555 (Ul) connected to a first power supply pin DGND terminal I, the timer 555 (Ul) connected to a first power supply DVCC terminal pin 8, the timer 555 (Ul) of the second leg 和第6脚并联接到第三电阻(R3)和电解电容(C3)之间、555定时器(Ul)的第4脚接电源DVCC端、555定时器(Ul)的第7脚接入第二电阻(R2)、第三电阻(R3)之间,第一至三报警灯(LEDl、LED2、LED3)和第四电阻(R4)串联,第四至六报警灯(LED4、LED5、LED6)和第五电阻(R5)串联,第一报警灯(LEDI)和第四报警灯(LED4)正极并联后连接到电源DVCC端,第四电阻(R4)、第五电阻(R5)并联后连接到第一三极管(Ql)集电极,第一三极管(Ql)发射极连接到电源DGND端。 6 between the pin and parallel to the third resistor (R3) and electrolytic capacitors (a C3), timer 555 (Ul) connected to a fourth power supply DVCC pin end, the timer 555 (Ul) access of the pin 7 between the second resistor (R2), a third resistor (R3), the first to third warning lights (LEDl, LED2, LED3) and the fourth resistor (R4) connected in series, the fourth to six warning lights (LED4, LED5, LED6) and a fifth resistor (R5) connected in series, the anode of the first warning lamp (the LEDI) and fourth warning lamp (LEDs 4) is connected in parallel to the power supply terminal DVCC, the fourth resistor (R4), the fifth resistor (R5) connected in parallel to a first transistor (Ql,) the collector of the first transistor (Ql,) an emitter terminal connected to the power DGND.
  4. 4.一种用于动力浮标的动力电转电控供电自动应急切换与报警控制方法,其特征是: (1)、正常情况下,电源切换模块中继电器(Kl)的常闭触点闭合,电源切换芯片LTC4412输出低电平给P沟道场效应管(Q3)的栅极,使电控电池正常工作,灯光报警模块不工作; (2)、电源切换模块的电压比较器自动检测电控电池是否欠压; (3)、在电控电池电量充足时,电源切换模块中的电压比较器输出低电平给单锁存器,单锁存器输出低电平到第二三极管(Q2)的基极,第二三极管(Q2)截止,继电器KI的常闭触点保持闭合状态;当动力电池存在剩余电量且电控电池电量降低时,电源切换模块中的电压比较器检测到电控电池电压下降到设定阈值后,电压比较器输出高电平给单锁存器,单锁存器输出高电平到第二三极管(Q2)基极,第二三极管(Q2)导通,继电器(Kl)常开触点闭合,一方面使 4. A power for electrical power buoys electroporation and automatic emergency alarm control method of controlling the switching power supply, characterized in that: (1), under normal circumstances, the power switching module relays (Kl) of the normally closed contact is closed, the power supply LTC4412 switching chip outputs the low level to the gate of a P-channel field effect transistor (Q3), so that battery electric work, light alarm module does not work; (2), the power switching module automatically detects a voltage comparator electrically controlled whether the battery undervoltage; (3), when the fully charged battery control, power switching module outputs a low level voltage to the single comparator latch, the latch outputs a low level to a single second transistor (Q2) the base of the second transistor (Q2) is turned off, the normally closed contact relays KI remains closed; and when there is a remaining battery power and reduce electric battery, the power supply switching module detects electrical voltage comparator after the battery voltage drops to the control set threshold voltage comparator outputs a high level to a single latch, a single high-level latch output to the second transistor (Q2) the base of the second transistor (Q2 ) is turned on, the relay (Kl) normally open contact is closed, on the one hand 锁存器保持高电平状态,另一方面由动力电池开始供电,使灯光报警模块的报警灯闪烁报警,同时电源切换模块中的电源切换芯片LTC4412检测到高于电控电池分压的动力电池供电电压的接入后,电源切换芯片LTC4412输出高电平给P沟道场效应管(Q3)的栅极,使电控电池停止供电,同时电源切换芯片LTC4412另外引脚输出低电平信号给控制模块中的主控制器,主控制器通过电台和通讯天线将电控电池欠压、浮标方位信息发送出去。 The latch remains high state, on the other hand battery power from the beginning, so that the alarm lamp light flashing warning alarm module, while the switching power supply chip LTC4412 switching module is detected above the battery-voltage electric power of the battery after the access of the supply voltage, high power switching chip LTC4412 output to the gate of a P-channel field effect transistor (Q3), so that battery electric power supply is stopped while the power switching chip LTC4412 pin outputs a low level signal to the further control module main controller, the main controller controls the electric battery voltage, float orientation information transmitted through radio communication and an antenna.
CN 201610629840 2016-08-03 2016-08-03 Power-battery-power-supply-to-electric-control-power-supply automatic emergency switching and alarm device for power buoy and control method thereof CN106130174A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5477128A (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-12-19 Technical Associates Co., Ltd. Automatic charging apparatus
CN102571902A (en) * 2010-12-14 2012-07-11 中国科学院声学研究所 Wireless and underwater sound communication buoy
CN103085665A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 三洋电机株式会社 Car power source apparatus and vehicle equipped with the power source apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5477128A (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-12-19 Technical Associates Co., Ltd. Automatic charging apparatus
CN102571902A (en) * 2010-12-14 2012-07-11 中国科学院声学研究所 Wireless and underwater sound communication buoy
CN103085665A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 三洋电机株式会社 Car power source apparatus and vehicle equipped with the power source apparatus

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