CN106128165A - Parking reservation method and system, berth information service platform - Google Patents

Parking reservation method and system, berth information service platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106128165A
CN106128165A CN201610752210.5A CN201610752210A CN106128165A CN 106128165 A CN106128165 A CN 106128165A CN 201610752210 A CN201610752210 A CN 201610752210A CN 106128165 A CN106128165 A CN 106128165A
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China
Prior art keywords
berth
parking
information
user
reservation
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CN201610752210.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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徐月明
徐祎君
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徐月明
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Priority to CN201610752210.5A priority Critical patent/CN106128165A/en
Publication of CN106128165A publication Critical patent/CN106128165A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/141Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces
    • G08G1/144Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces on portable or mobile units, e.g. personal digital assistant [PDA]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/145Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas where the indication depends on the parking areas
    • G08G1/148Management of a network of parking areas

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of parking reservation method and system, berth information service platform, wherein, method includes: obtaining berth information and the demand information of parking of user in parking lot, berth information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;Demand information of parking at least includes target parking areas, estimates to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time;According to berth information and demand information of parking, the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and predetermined result is fed back to parking lot and user;During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.The parking reservation method and system of the present invention, berth information service platform, by obtaining instant, effective, complete berth information, it is achieved intelligentized parking reservation and management, improve user's trip and park a difficult problem.

Description

Parking reservation method and system, berth information service platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to intelligent transportation system technical field, particularly to a kind of parking reservation method and system, berth letter Breath service platform.
Background technology
The parking lot development of the states such as the U.S., Britain, Germany, Japan, Singapore substantially experienced by roadside parking position, ground is stopped The developmental stage such as parking lot, underground parking and sky parking, make a general survey of these developed country's parking area plannings and layout development History and present situation, experienced by substantially from the growth increasing berth number passively and meeting the demand of parking, and gradually develops into pool Car demand modeling land used, carrys out controlling traffic volume with the supply of parking position, is i.e. changed into from passive construction and actively guides and combine The adjustment of transport structure, combines in long-term planning by the utilization rate in existing to rational deployment parking lot and raising parking lot, builds And if in management practice.
As the parking lot development experience of most of the above developed countries, China parks difficult problem by economy, people Mouth, the impact of Motor Vehicles Development, and along with the fast development of social economy's population and constantly accelerating day of urban motorization process Benefit is prominent, and it is to cause the most important factor of berth demand growth that vehicle increases the fast development of particularly private car.But, from me The present situation of state's motor vehicle parking position and the situation of motor vehicles fast development, the supply and demand reversal of the natural order of things of berth and vehicle will be on the rise, merely The demand of urban development can not be met far away from strengthening parking area planning and increase park construction.
According to state ministry of public security traffic control department statistics, by the end of the year 2015, whole nation vehicle guaranteeding organic quantity reaches 2.79 hundred million, wherein Car 1.72 hundred million.There is the automobile pollution in 40 cities in the whole nation more than 1,000,000, Beijing, Chengdu, Shenzhen, Shanghai, weight 11 city automobile recoverable amounts such as celebrating, Tianjin, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Xi'an more than 2,000,000, wherein Beijing's vapour Car reaches 5,350,000, and 11 urban car quantity are accumulative more than 32,270,000.But statistical data shows, by 2015 The end, whole nation motor vehicle parking position the most about 69,000,000, basic berth breach reaches 15,8,000,000.
China's tradition Industry of parking comprises four big pain spots: total amount breach is big, structure is relatively decentralized, it is at random, intelligent to manage Change level is low.This directly results in such as user find no parking space, experience of parking poor, parking lot vacancy rate is high, manage high in cost of production Problems.Traditional parking lot due to skewness and is isolated each other, not yet forms Unified Network, causes parking information the most right Deng;The most total many residential quarters, office and the appropriate berth of corporations, the utilization ratio in berth is extremely low.Meanwhile, along with city The situation that day by day increasing and the maximization of scale of parking lot, city quantity, berth and vehicle supply and demand reversal of the natural order of things are on the rise, tradition is stopped The poor efficiency of car labor management and isolated parking lot information, it is difficult to meet driver main forces and attend to numerous affairs of state every day to high efficiency traffic and stop The high request that parking lot management proposes.Now, the means such as monitoring, induction, switch, license auto-recognition system are used to realize the intelligence parked Change management to arise at the historic moment.
Nowadays, along with the development of the Internet, the social networks towards C end the most day by day becomes with the ecommerce towards commodity Ripe, especially into mobile Internet epoch, by intelligent terminal, the basic environments such as C end has realized generally networking, mobile payment The most complete, the condition of the Internet sinking entity industry is the most ripe.
" the Internet+park " is linked up scattered parking lot by the Internet, abolishes information island, it is achieved that limited Distributing rationally of resource of parking." the Internet+park " market pours in shared economy, capital, under policy three large driving forces favourable, The various APP of parking surge forward.
At present, " the Internet+park " can be summarized as five kinds of patterns: berth Information Sharing Mode, overall process optimization pattern, P2P pattern and valet parking are shared in parking reservation B2C pattern, berth.
Berth Information Sharing Mode, in light assets mode, makes full use of existing intelligent parking equipment, by Parking Meter, intelligence pool Intelligent parking lot is networked by car management system, parking garage card sender etc., and berth information more than integrated real-time empty breaks information island, Realize berth information sharing, provide the user berth search recommendation, the service of marching into the arena of parking ground navigation, save search cost.Should The core of pattern is information, and more than wide covering, accurately and reliably real-time empty, berth information is crucial.
Overall process optimization pattern with weight assets mode, by lay intelligent parking equipment, it is achieved the intellectuality in parking lot and Interconnection networking, provides the user free berth search, parking reservation, parking lot and berth navigation, reverse car seeking and quick payment complete The optimization service of parking of flow process, gets involved deeply parking lot operation management simultaneously, for parking lot gain leak stopping, promotes the efficiency of management, Realize parking lot unmanned.Under line, resource has exclusivity, and the core of this pattern is standardization, quickly replicates, and plunder stops Yard resources.
Parking reservation B2C pattern is similar to hotel reservation and " takes journey ", is networked in parking lot, it is provided that parking reservation service.Stop Parking lot operator issues the berth information that can subscribe by platform, and car owner inquires about at platform, makes a reservation for, it is ensured that have berth.Domestic by In parking lot, intelligent level is low, this pattern of fewer employing.
P2P pattern is shared by making the berth shared platform of car owner in berth, for have berth, want that the car owner parked provides Docking service, vitalizes berth free time, improves the utilization rate in berth, for owner's extra earning, solves, for car owner, difficult problem of parking.
Valet parking pattern on behalf of parking, makes car owner free completely from difficulty of parking with Dai Boyuan, saves car owner's Time cost, vitalizes the free time of Dai Bodian adnexa resource of parking simultaneously, changes space with the time.
Taking a broad view of above pattern and domestic and international APP, technology and means that existing " the Internet+park " embodies are only " the Eight Immortals Cross sea, each show his special prowess " as trial, temporarily have no that any pattern leading can become unicorn, form industry size Condition the most ripe, subject matter is summarized as follows:
1, berth information depends on existing parking lot existing intelligent parking equipment, and verity and the instantaneity of information depend on The equipment in parking lot rather than information mutual.When equipment breaks down, or the facility information interactive standards in different parking lot is not Time consistent, the instantaneity of information, integrity and accuracy will become problem.Due to the dependence to intelligent parking equipment, it is impossible to Become " light assets " pattern of real meaning;
2, berth information only shows the instant vacant berth information in parking lot, it is impossible to the vacant berth letter that display is following Breath, predetermined berth information and berth details, and these information are for the search in berth and predetermined extremely important;
3, parking reservation depends on the closed management model in parking lot, and predetermined precondition is vacant berth total amount, And ignoring the integrity of berth information, this pattern cannot realize mating of different automobile types and berth size, it is impossible to distinguishes general Logical berth and people with disability berth.Possible problem is, compact car account for big berth, and large car does not enters little berth, and a car accounts for Two berths, normal car occupies people with disability berth etc., and not only giving normally parks causes difficulty, also checking for parking lot Checking reason and be provided with a difficult problem, this pattern is particularly unsuitable for open or expects unattended parking lay-by and square Parking lot;
4, parking reservation only with meet user demands of individuals as starting point, ignore the group how meeting C end subscriber Body demand, therefore pre-timing is only required to confirmation and logs in the berth time, to parking time length or exit the berth time and do not limit System.This mode is unfavorable for cultivating good traffic behavior specification, is unfavorable for improving the utilization ratio of berth resource, is helpless to true Normal solution has decided row and a difficult problem of parking;
5, the hardware device requiring parking lot more puts into, almost without thinking how by promoting the management in parking lot The interest causing parking lot, the P2P pattern requirement berth discharging more berth resource, such as berth shared are locked next with installing Share vacant berth rather than discharge vacant berth for the open flexible and changeable berth management instrument of B end subscriber, these management Instrument potentially includes open hour and the time limit in the different berth of definition, needs the period parked to be defined as berth oneself and takies, The vacant residue period is defined as berth can make a reservation for, realizes resource-sharing easily;
6, it is not provided with for B end subscriber and beneficially improves the adjustment means of management of parking, or the policy shared somebody's cares and burdens for government leads To, as formulated different expenses policy according to period and region, including preferential or high charge policy, parking fee policy in limited time, People with disability is free and first opportunity, logistics is unloaded goods or picks the interim berth of on-board and off-board, park in the roadside of traffic idle period Position etc..
In problem above, due to instantaneity, accuracy and the integrity of vacant berth information, especially following a period of time Vacant berth information, the disappearance of detailed information in vacant berth so that the solution that existing management system of parking can not be real The difficult problem of parking brought due to parking lot resource entirety scarcity.
Summary of the invention
In order to really solve trip and a difficult problem of parking, the present invention proposes a kind of parking reservation method and system, berth information Service platform, uses extremely economic means and the incision of light assets pattern, and being only required to parking lot is that each berth encodes, User is predetermined in advance logs in berth and the time exiting berth, carries out parking reservation and change according to user's request, breaks information Isolated island, it is achieved berth information sharing, thus effectively solve the difficult problem of parking brought due to parking lot resource entirety scarcity.
A kind of parking reservation method that the present invention provides, comprises the following steps:
Obtaining berth information and the demand information of parking of user in parking lot, described berth information at least includes parking lot The current Entered state information in each berth and predetermined state information;Described demand information of parking at least includes that target is parked district Territory, anticipated log in berth date and time, anticipated exit berth date and time;
According to described berth information and demand information of parking, the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and predetermined result is fed back To parking lot and user;Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time;
During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, to user's Exiting the berth time carries out extending or changing logging in berth.
As a kind of embodiment, described log in berth during, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and currently stop The berth information in parking lot, user preferentially exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth, including following Step:
During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, it is judged that current Log in berth the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time;
If it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time currently to log in berth, follow-up predesignated subscriber is entered Row berth adjusts, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changes logging in berth, makes a reservation for other berths for user;
If it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time currently to log in berth, or adjusts follow-up predetermined acquirement Success, then user exits the berth time to extend.
As a kind of embodiment, the parking reservation method of the present invention is further comprising the steps of:
Before user logs in predetermined berth, according to reservation change request and the berth information in current parking lot of user, Predetermined result of parking user changes.
Correspondingly, the present invention also provides for a kind of parking reservation system, including data obtaining module, parking reservation module and Delay process module;
Described data obtaining module, for obtaining the berth information in parking lot and the demand information of parking of user, described Berth information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;Described demand of parking Information at least includes target parking areas, estimates to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time;
Described parking reservation module, for carrying out the berth in parking lot according to described berth information and demand information of parking Predetermined, and predetermined result is fed back to parking lot and user;Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in berth Time and exit the berth time;
Described delay process module, for during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and current parking Berth information, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.
As a kind of embodiment, described delay process module includes judging unit, changing unit and delay unit;
Described judging unit, for during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and current parking lot Berth information, it is judged that currently log in berth the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time;
Described changing unit, if it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time to be used for currently logging in berth, then first First follow-up predesignated subscriber being carried out berth adjustment, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changing logging in berth, for Family makes a reservation for other berths;
Described delay unit, if not being scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time for currently logging in berth, or Person adjusts follow-up predetermined successful, then user exits the berth time and extends.
As a kind of embodiment, the parking reservation system of the present invention also includes reservation change module;
Described reservation change module, for before user logs in predetermined berth, according to the reservation of user change request and The berth information in current parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes.
Correspondingly, the berth information service platform of the present invention, including parking lot supervisory systems and berth reservation system;
Described parking lot supervisory systems obtains the berth information in parking lot in real time and sends it to described parking reservation system System;Described berth information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;
Described parking reservation system connects described parking lot supervisory systems, and described parking reservation system obtains parking of user The berth information that demand information and described parking lot supervisory systems send, and according to described berth information and demand information pair of parking The berth in parking lot makes a reservation for, and predetermined result feeds back to parking lot and user;Described parking reservation system is additionally operable to During user logs in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user is exited pool Bit time carries out extending or changing logging in berth;Described parking reservation system be additionally operable to user log in predetermined berth it Before, according to reservation change request and the berth information in current parking lot of user, predetermined result of parking user changes;
Described demand information of parking at least includes target parking areas, estimates to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit Berth date and time;
Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time.
As a kind of embodiment, described parking reservation system includes parking reservation terminal and berth management terminal;
Described parking reservation terminal and berth management terminal are connected by network;
Described parking reservation terminal gathers demand information of parking described in user, reservation change request or time delay and parks Request, and according to described demand information of parking, reservation change request or time delay park request generation park inquiry order, pool The predetermined order of car or change order of parking send to described berth and manage terminal;
Park described in described berth management terminal acquisition and inquire about order, park predetermined order or change order of parking, and root According to described berth information to described inquiry order of parking, park predetermined order or change order of parking accepts, and will accept Result feeds back to described parking reservation terminal and shows.
As a kind of embodiment, described parking reservation terminal includes vehicle registration module, user registration module, user Module and berth change module are exited in login module, berth enquiry module, parking reservation module, berth log-in module, berth;
Described vehicle registration module connects described user registration module, and described vehicle registration module obtains information of vehicles and is somebody's turn to do The owner information of vehicle also sends it to user registration module;
Described user registration module connects described user log-in block, and described user registration module obtains userspersonal information And intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth, and according to described userspersonal information and the information of vehicles intending predetermined berth of correspondence thereof Generate the user logging-in code the most corresponding with this user, and the transmission of described user's logging-in code is carried out to described user log-in block Storage;
Described user log-in block connects described berth enquiry module and parking reservation module, described user log-in block to Described user provides login-port, and after user is by described user's logging-in code login system, obtains and log in described user Described userspersonal information that code is corresponding and intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth and send it to described berth enquiry module With parking reservation module;
Described berth enquiry module connects described berth management terminal, and described berth enquiry module is according to the described pool of user Car demand information, userspersonal information and intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth generate described in inquiry order of parking send to the most described Berth management terminal;
Described parking reservation module connects described berth management terminal, and described parking reservation module is according to the described pool of user Car demand information, userspersonal information and intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth generate described in predetermined order single-shot of parking deliver to described Berth management terminal;
Described berth log-in module connects described berth management terminal, and described berth log-in module arrives acquisition user And send berth logon information to described berth management terminal after logging in the information in predetermined berth;
Described berth is exited module and is connected described berth management terminal, and it is already out acquisition user that module is exited in described berth And exit information to described berth management terminal transmission berth after exiting the information in predetermined berth;
Described change module connects described berth management terminal, and described parking reservation module changes according to the reservation of user please Ask or time delay is parked and asked to park change order transmission described in generation to described berth management terminal.
As a kind of embodiment, described userspersonal information at least includes name, sex, age, identification card number, drives Sail card information and telephone number;
The information of vehicles in the predetermined berth of described plan include type of vehicle, car plate, brand, color, owner information, purposes and The numbering of vehicle special permit and timeliness.
As a kind of embodiment, described berth management terminal include parking lot Registering modules, manager's Registering modules, Manager's login module, inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change Ordering Module;
Described parking lot Registering modules connection management person's Registering modules, described parking lot Registering modules obtains parking lot information And legal owner's information send it to described manager's Registering modules;
Described manager's Registering modules connects described manager's login module, and described manager's Registering modules obtains manager Personal information and the information in all parking lots managed thereof, and according to described manager's personal information and the parking that managed thereof Field information generates the manager logging-in code the most corresponding with this manager, and sends described manager's logging-in code to described management Person's login module stores;
Described manager's login module connects described inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change and orders Single processing module, described manager's login module is provided login-port to manager, and is stepped on by described manager manager Record code login system after, obtains the described manager personal information corresponding with described manager's logging-in code and managed own The information in parking lot, and send this information to described inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change and order Single processing module;
Described inquiry Ordering Module connects described berth enquiry module and parking lot supervisory systems, described inquiry order Berth information that processing module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the parking lot managed thereof Information described inquiry order is accepted, and inquiry order is accepted result feed back to described parking reservation terminal and show Show;
Described predetermined Ordering Module connects described parking reservation module and parking lot supervisory systems, described predetermined order Berth information that processing module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the parking lot managed thereof Information described predetermined order is accepted, and predetermined order accepted result feed back to described parking lot supervisory systems and institute State parking reservation terminal to show;
Described change Ordering Module connects described berth change module and parking lot supervisory systems, described change order Berth information that processing module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the parking lot managed thereof Information to described berth change order accept, and berth is changed order accept result feed back to described parking lot supervision System and described parking reservation terminal show.
As a kind of embodiment, described berth information also includes that berth type, described berth type include common public affairs Berth, berth, interim roadside and appropriate berth altogether, berth, described interim roadside is existing according to road situation and berth demand Shape piggybacking is set up;Described appropriate berth at least includes private berth, internal berth, people with disability berth, taxi berth, logistics pool Position and pick berth, the open object in dissimilar berth is different with the open hour.
As a kind of embodiment, described berth management terminal also includes Charging Module;
Described Charging Module connects described predetermined Ordering Module and described change Ordering Module;
Described Charging Module obtains expenses standard and the charging principle that manager is arranged, and accepts according to described predetermined order As a result, berth landing time, berth post-set time and described berth change order processing result generate parking fee inventory or The time delay statement of expense sends to described parking reservation terminal;
Described parking reservation terminal also includes module of paying the fees;
Described payment module connects third-party payment system and described Charging Module;
Described payment module obtains described parking fee inventory and/or the time delay statement of expense by described Charging Module, Obtain after user authorizes and by described third-party payment system, parking fee and/or time delay expense are paid, and will pay Result feeds back to described berth management terminal and described parking reservation terminal.
As a kind of embodiment, described parking reservation system also includes berth guider, vehicle and periphery interest Location device;
Described berth guider connects described parking reservation terminal and the vehicle mounted guidance of user;
Described berth guider obtains described predetermined order from described parking reservation terminal and accepts result or berth change More order accepts result, and according to the navigation map of vehicle mounted guidance, log in the request in berth and the current location of user, generate Optimum is parked navigation way information showing;
Described optimum navigation way information of parking includes minimal path and the parking in preset distance berth, user current location The entrance instruction of field.
Described vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner connect described parking reservation terminal and the mobile terminal of user;
Described vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner obtain berth logon information, and root from described parking reservation terminal According to mobile terminal navigation map, log in berth and the position of periphery point of interest and the current location of user, generate optimum car And periphery point of interest location route information showing;
Described optimum vehicle and periphery point of interest location route information include that user current location distance logs in berth and week The minimal path instruction of limit point of interest.
As a kind of embodiment, the berth information service platform of the present invention, also include third-party monitoring system;
Described third-party monitoring system connects described berth reservation system, and described third-party monitoring system is for described pool The berth of position reservation system logs in and manages the parking reservation of terminal with berth reactive power optimization and berth and berth charging process is entered Row supervision.
As a kind of embodiment, described berth reservation system also includes customer satisfaction evaluation module and complaint and builds View module;
Described customer satisfaction evaluation module connects described parking reservation system;
Described complaint and suggestion module connect described parking reservation system and third-party monitoring system;
Described complaint and suggestion module gather user and/or the suggestion of gerentocratic complaint, and send it to described berth Reservation system and third-party monitoring system;
Described berth reservation system is additionally included in line intercommunion platform, and described online exchange platform connects described parking reservation eventually End and berth manage terminal;
Described parking reservation system is also connected with traffic system, municipal administration's system, industrial and commercial system, parking lot security system, public security One or more in system.
The present invention having the beneficial effects that compared to prior art:
The parking reservation method and system that the present invention provides, by obtaining the berth information in parking lot and parking of user Demand information, it is achieved the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking With the berth information in current parking lot, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.This The berth information service platform of bright offer, by docking parking reservation system with parking lot supervisory systems, it is possible to maximized Promote berth occupancy, by obtaining instant, effective, complete berth information, it is achieved intelligentized parking reservation and management, change Kind user's trip and a difficult problem of parking.
The parking reservation method and system of present invention offer, berth information service platform, by obtaining the berth in parking lot Information and the demand information of parking of user, use extremely economic means and the incision of light assets pattern, be only required to parking lot Encoding for each berth, user is predetermined in advance logs in berth and the time exiting berth, and during logging in berth, root According to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user exits the berth time to extend or to stepping on Lu Bowei changes, it is achieved the parking reservation to parking lot, it is possible to effectively solve to bring due to parking lot resource entirety scarcity A difficult problem of parking.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The schematic flow sheet of the parking reservation method that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention one;
The structural representation of the parking reservation system that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention two;
The structural representation of the berth information service platform that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention three.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, to the present invention, above-mentioned and other technical characteristic and advantage are clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only the section Example of the present invention rather than whole embodiment.
Refering to Fig. 1, the parking reservation method that the embodiment of the present invention one provides, comprise the following steps:
S100, the berth information obtaining parking lot and the demand information of parking of user, berth information at least includes stopping The current Entered state information in each berth, field and predetermined state information;Demand information of parking at least includes that target is parked district Territory, anticipated log in berth date and time, anticipated exit berth date and time;
S200, according to berth information and demand information of parking, the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and predetermined result is anti- It is fed to parking lot and user;Predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time;
S300, during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, to The berth time of exiting at family carries out extending or changing logging in berth.
Above-mentioned berth information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot, Berth type, the most common public berth, berth, interim roadside and appropriate berth etc. can also be included.Wherein, interim roadside Berth is set up according to road situation and berth demands status piggybacking, and appropriate berth includes private berth, internal berth, deformity People berth, taxi berth, logistics berth and pick berth etc..
Such as, each berth is provided with berth coding, and berth coding is corresponding with parking lot plan, according to type to pool Position carries out grouping management.8 berths of such as people with disability's appropriate berth encode, open at times 20 berths of appropriate berth and compile Code, 120 codings in all the period of time open common berth, on unload goods 2 berths in berth be encoded to 4 packets.Can also basis Being classified in berth by the type stopped, is divided into minicar berth, in-between car berth, large car berth, towed vehicle berth Deng, wherein minicar berth can be further subdivided into small-sized dolly berth, standard dolly berth, medium-sized dolly berth, lengthening Dolly berth etc..
Open object for dissimilar berth is different with the open hour.Such as, when 04:00-06:00 is cleaning road Section forbids parking, and 07:00-19:00 is that corporations are special to park the period, and 16:00-09:00 is the private special period etc. of parking, so Berth resource can be made full use of.
It should be noted that in the present invention log in berth and exit berth refer to user provide berth logging status Status information is exited in information or berth, rather than the logging in berth or exit berth of actual vehicle.Such as, user can be close to pool Position but before reality do not enters berth, send logon information by mobile terminals such as mobile phones.In like manner, user can also be at actual car Send in certain time after leaving berth and exit berth information.Log in berth according to obtain or exit berth information, also May determine that the legal seizure condition in current berth, the supervision for berth provides foundation.
Logging in berth is sole mode and the starting point in legal use berth confirming parking reservation, and exiting berth is to terminate handing over Easy the only resource and the terminal in legal use berth.Unless user changes order also before the predetermined time exiting berth arrives Obtain license, user should predetermined exit the berth time before vehicle is sailed out of berth, this berth state is automatically changeb to vacant State.
Parking lot in the present invention refers to some parking lot relatively independent, that refer in particular to, the Berth number in a parking lot Amount can be one or more.
The parking reservation method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, by obtaining the berth information in parking lot and parking of user Demand information, it is achieved the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking With the berth information in current parking lot, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.Utilize The parking reservation method that above-described embodiment provides, user according to the concrete the most predetermined berth of demand of parking, and can step on During Lu Bowei, handle time delay or change.The present invention uses extremely economic means and the incision of light assets pattern, is only required to stop Parking lot is that each berth encodes, and user is predetermined in advance logs in berth and the time exiting berth, it is achieved the pool to parking lot Position is predetermined and changes, it is achieved plan trip, in order use parking lot resource, good for efficient, unimpeded road traffic order implementation Good the code of conduct.
Specifically, step S300 comprises the following steps:
S310, during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, it is judged that Currently log in berth the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time;
If it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time that S320 currently logs in berth, first to follow-up predetermined User carries out berth adjustment, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changes logging in berth, makes a reservation for other pools for user Position;
If it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time that S330 currently logs in berth, or adjusts follow-up pre- Fixed the most successful, then user exits the berth time to extend.
Such as: the predetermined berth of user is encoded to 2, the predetermined time of parking is 8:30 to 9:00, i.e. predetermined exits berth Time is 9:00, and according to predetermined information and rule, vehicle should be sailed out of No. 2 berths before 9:00 by user.If user is busy Delay, it is impossible to before 9:00, vehicle is sailed out of No. 2 berths, then can propose time delay before 9:00 in certain period of time and park Request, utilizes the present invention, it is possible to give the facility of user's limit priority after the time delay the receiving user request of parking.If 2 Number berth is not scheduled, then permitted;If No. 2 berths are made a reservation for by subsequent user, system will adjust subsequent user Berth numbering is to vacant berth, and notifies relevant user, grants the time delay application of this user;If the berth money that parking lot is vacant Source is not easy to adjust subsequent user, or does not has vacant berth to make adjustment subsequent user impossible, then latency request is not permitted, Recommend other berths or other parking lots for this user simultaneously.
The parking reservation method that another embodiment of the present invention provides, also includes following step on the basis of above-described embodiment Rapid:
S400, before user logs in predetermined berth, according to reservation change request and the berth in current parking lot of user Information, predetermined result of parking user changes.
Such as: the predetermined berth of user is encoded to 3, the predetermined time of parking is 8:30 to 9:00, i.e. predetermined logs in berth Time is 8:30.If cannot entering berth on time due to a variety of causes or parking reservation being cancelled in plan, then user need to be before 8:30 The reservation change in application berth.Reservation change request includes the demand information of parking of user after updating, and parks district including target Territory, log in the berth time, exit berth time or predetermined cancellation.The present embodiment can change request according to the reservation of user and work as The berth information in front parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes, and provides the user other and meets up-to-date demand Berth.Reservation order after changing successfully, before cancellation.
Parking lot can arrange user and enter parking lot in advance to the predetermined maximum duration interval logging in berth.This time Be conducive to the time utilizing Entrance equipment centralized monitor to log in berth, give user simultaneously and enter certain free time Parking lot.Parking lot can also arrange exit berth leave parking lot maximum duration interval, the beneficially utilization of this time stops The time-out in outlet device Centralized Monitoring berth, parking lot takies, and the free time simultaneously giving user certain leaves parking lot.
Based on same inventive concept, the embodiment of the present invention also provides for a kind of parking reservation system, and the enforcement of this system can be joined Process according to said method realizes, no longer redundant later in place of repetition.
Refering to Fig. 2, the parking reservation system that the embodiment of the present invention two provides, including data obtaining module 100, parking reservation Module 200 and delay process module 300;
Data obtaining module 100 is for obtaining the berth information in parking lot and the demand information of parking of user, and berth is believed Breath at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;Demand information of parking at least wraps Include target parking areas, estimate to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time;
Parking reservation module 200 is used for making a reservation for the berth in parking lot according to berth information and demand information of parking, And predetermined result is fed back to parking lot and user;Predetermined result at least include predetermined berth numbering, log in the berth time and Exit the berth time;
Delay process module 300 is for during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and current parking lot Berth information, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.
As a kind of embodiment, with continued reference to Fig. 3, delay process module 300 includes judging unit 310, Request for Change Unit 320 and delay unit 330.Wherein, it is judged that unit 310 is for during logging in berth, and parking according to the time delay of user please Sue for peace the berth information in current parking lot, it is judged that currently log in berth user is predetermined exit the berth time after the most by advance Fixed;If it is the most scheduled, first to follow-up after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time that changing unit 320 is used for currently logging in berth Predesignated subscriber carries out berth adjustment, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changes logging in berth, makes a reservation for it for user His berth;If delay unit 330 is not scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time for currently logging in berth, or adjusts Whole follow-up predetermined successful, then user exits the berth time to extend.
Berth change includes two kinds of situations, and after the time delay of a kind of user of the being request of parking is refused, system is actively that client pushes away Recommending new berth, another kind is that user actively proposed reservation change request before logging in predetermined berth.
As a kind of embodiment, the parking reservation system that another embodiment of the present invention provides, at above-described embodiment On the basis of also include reservation change module.Reservation change module for before user logs in predetermined berth, pre-according to user About change request and the berth information in current parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes.
The parking reservation system that the embodiment of the present invention provides, by obtaining the berth information in parking lot and parking of user Demand information, it is achieved the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking With the berth information in current parking lot, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.Utilize The parking reservation system that above-described embodiment provides, user according to the concrete the most predetermined berth of demand of parking, and can step on During Lu Bowei, handle time delay or change.The present invention uses extremely economic means and the incision of light assets pattern, is only required to stop Parking lot is that each berth encodes, and user is predetermined in advance logs in berth and the time exiting berth, it is achieved the pool to parking lot Position is predetermined and changes, it is achieved plan trip, in order use parking lot resource, good for efficient, unimpeded road traffic order implementation Good the code of conduct.
Based on same inventive concept, the embodiment of the present invention also provides for a kind of berth information service platform, the enforcement of this platform The process that can refer to said method realizes, no longer redundant later in place of repetition.
Refering to Fig. 3, the berth information service platform that the embodiment of the present invention three provides, including parking lot supervisory systems 400 He Berth reservation system 500, wherein:
Parking lot supervisory systems 400 obtains the berth information in parking lot in real time and sends it to parking reservation system;Pool Position information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot.Berth information also includes Berth type, berth type includes common public berth, berth, interim roadside and appropriate berth, and berth, interim roadside is according to road Road traffic status and berth demands status piggybacking are set up, and appropriate berth at least includes private berth, internal berth, people with disability's pool Position, taxi berth, logistics berth and pick berth, the open object in dissimilar berth is different with the open hour.
Parking reservation system 500 connects parking lot supervisory systems 400, and parking reservation system 500 obtains parking of user and needs Seek the berth information that information and parking lot supervisory systems 400 send, and according to berth information with park demand information to parking lot Berth make a reservation for, and predetermined result is fed back to parking lot and user;Parking reservation system 500 is additionally operable to log in user During berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user is exited the berth time and enters Row extends or changes logging in berth;Parking reservation system 500 is additionally operable to before user logs in predetermined berth, according to The reservation change request at family and the berth information in current parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes.Park demand Information at least includes target parking areas, estimates to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time.Predetermined knot Fruit at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time.
Specifically, parking reservation system 500 includes parking reservation terminal 510 and berth management terminal 520, and parking reservation is eventually End 510 and berth management terminal 520 are connected by network.
Parking reservation terminal 510 gathers the demand information of parking of user, reservation change request or the time delay request of parking, And according to demand information of parking, reservation change request or time delay park request generation park inquiry order, predetermined order of parking Or change order of parking sends to berth and manages terminal 520.
Parking reservation terminal 510 is arranged on user side, can be mobile phone, PC or vehicle-mounted computer etc., is preferably tool There is speech voice input function or possess the intelligent terminal of interactive function with touch display screen etc..
Parking reservation terminal 510 provides a user with registration and login interface, such as information of vehicles and owner information registration, berth Inquire about and make a reservation for, navigate in berth, berth logs in and exits with berth, it is provided that the conventional individual such as parking reservation, navigation and mobile unit Access with safeguard service, gather customer evaluation, complain and suggestion etc..
Berth management terminal 520 obtains park inquiry order, park predetermined order or change order of parking, and according to pool Position information to park inquiry order, park predetermined order or park change order accept, and will accept result feed back to moor Position predetermined terminal shows.
Berth management terminal 520 is arranged on parking lot or berth manager's end, can be fixing intelligent terminal, also It can be the intelligent terminal of movement.
Berth management terminal 520 provides registration and login interface, as parking lot essential information, owner's information are stepped on to parking lot Note, privacy policy, terms of service and expenses standard, Entrance and outlet and the login of periphery interest point information and dimension Protect, the dimension in time limit and expenses standard is hired out in the editor of parking ground navigation map and maintenance, berth, parking lot plane and coding, berth Protect, predetermined process with real time orders, berth take the publicity of real time information with idle condition, the looking into of parking reservation information Ask, berth illegally occupies the announcement of information, it is provided that the access of conventional parking lot equipment with safeguard service, it is provided that with parking reservation and Berth logs in the online exchange platform of client, feeds back CSAT evaluation, customer complaint and process etc. with suggestion.
Further, parking reservation terminal 510 includes vehicle registration module, user registration module, user log-in block, pool Module and berth change module are exited in position enquiry module, parking reservation module, berth log-in module, berth.
Vehicle registration module connects user registration module, and vehicle registration module obtains car owner's letter of information of vehicles and this vehicle Cease and send it to user registration module.Information of vehicles includes the needs such as vehicle, color, brand, the number-plate number and berth The information joined, owner information includes surname, organization, ID (identity number) card No. or organization mechanism code, address, telephone number etc. and car Coupling information.Need to preengage the situation in the berth of specific type, such as agricultural product transport for some specific type vehicle Vehicle, military vehicle, school bus, people with disability's vehicle etc., it is also possible to the numbering of licenses and timeliness simultaneously.These information are favourable It is rapidly completed order when predetermined or real-time searching berth.
User registration module connects user log-in block, and user registration module obtains userspersonal information and intends predetermined pool The information of vehicles of position, and generate unique with this user according to the information of vehicles intending predetermined berth of userspersonal information and correspondence thereof Corresponding user's logging-in code, and the transmission of user's logging-in code is stored to user log-in block.Userspersonal information at least wraps Include the information such as name, sex, age, identification card number, driver's license information and telephone number.Intend the information of vehicles bag in predetermined berth Include type of vehicle, car plate, brand, color, owner information, purposes and the numbering of vehicle special permit and timeliness.
It should be noted that the car owner of vehicle is with user's (can be the driver of vehicle, it is also possible to be not), differing is set to Same people, so needing to register respectively.
User log-in block connects berth enquiry module and parking reservation module, and user log-in block provides a user with login Port, and user by after user's logging-in code login system, obtain the userspersonal information corresponding with user's logging-in code and Intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth and send it to berth enquiry module and parking reservation module.
Berth enquiry module connects berth management terminal, and berth enquiry module is according to the demand information of parking of user, user Personal information and intend predetermined berth information of vehicles generate park inquiry order send to berth manage terminal.
Parking reservation module connects berth management terminal, and parking reservation module is according to the demand information of parking of user, user Personal information and intend predetermined berth information of vehicles generate park predetermined order single-shot deliver to berth management terminal.
When user asks berth to be inquired about, berth enquiry module is according to the demand information of parking of user, userspersonal information And the information of vehicles intending predetermined berth generates inquiry order of parking and sends to berth management terminal;Parking reservation is asked user Time, parking reservation module is according to the demand information of parking of user, userspersonal information and to intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth raw Predetermined order single-shot of parking is become to deliver to berth management terminal.
Berth log-in module connects berth management terminal, and berth log-in module has arrived and logged in predetermined pool acquisition user Berth logon information is sent to berth management terminal after the information of position.
Berth is exited module and is connected berth management terminal, and module is exited to obtain user already out and exit predetermined pool in berth Send berth to berth management terminal after the information of position and exit information.
Change module connects berth management terminal, and parking reservation module changes request according to the reservation of user or time delay is parked Request generation parks change order transmission to berth management terminal.
User client interface includes logging in berth and exiting berth.Logging in berth is to set up berth coding and vehicle license plate The process of incidence relation between number.Regardless of whether use berth, logging in berth, to be i.e. considered as order irrevocable, unless user becomes More order also obtains license.The terms of service that field condition according to parking lot is arranged with parking lot, user can select immediately Logging in berth, in advance certain time logs in berth or scene and logs in berth.The instant berth that logs in refers to same in acknowledgement of orders of user Time confirm berth.In advance certain time log in and log in scene after berth refers to time specify in parking lot before confirm to moor Position.Scene logs in berth and refers to that vehicle confirms berth after arriving Entrance position or entering parking lot.Different logs in pool Position form gives the reservation mode of parking lot facility condition freely and user flexibility.
User can predetermined sail date and time into after enter parking lot, enter confirmation according to logging in berth Berth or log in berth after entering berth immediately.In view of user utilizes the equipment of platform or technical ability to limit, or parking lot Accepting predetermined difficulty, platform allows user scene to log in berth, actively logs in berth including entering before parking lot, or uses Family is self-service find vacant berth later log in berth.
Exiting berth is to release the process of incidence relation between berth coding and vehicle license plate number.User should be predetermined Sailing out of date and time vehicle sailed out of berth in the past and exits berth, the vehicle exiting berth should leave within the time set Parking lot, the so-called time set refer to according to the 5 of terms of service, 10,15,20 minutes or other by parking lot specify time Between, leave the region that parking lot refers to be moved to by vehicle beyond the parking lot plan scope of functional management department approval license.Become When more berth or cancellation berth obtain license, log in berth or exit the synchronizing information amendment in berth.
Berth management terminal 520 includes parking lot Registering modules, manager's Registering modules, manager's login module, inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change Ordering Module.
Parking lot Registering modules connection management person's Registering modules, parking lot Registering modules obtains parking lot information and legal Everyone information also sends it to manager's Registering modules.
Parking lot information include parking lot plan (such as, there is the parking lot plan of valid data, including land plane with Multilayer planar), parking facility (such as, gateway equipment, charge equipment, ATM, Vending Machine etc.), type (such as, sky parking, underground parking, parking lot, square, parking lay-by etc.), form (such as, self-help parking, generation visitor Park), character (such as, government's straight tube, corporations hire out or individual hire out), the entry address in parking lot, the outlet in parking lot Address, relevant certification information (preposition examination & approval condition, it is provided that the licence numbering of functional management department and timeliness), owner's information Registration (such as, name or organization, ID (identity number) card No. or organization mechanism code, identity card or business license address, contact The information that phone etc. mate with parking lot), obtain functional management department for review and the privacy policy of approval, terms of service and charge The typing of standard and publicity etc..
Parking facility also includes the gateway of electronic chart and convenient positioner, such as elevator, emergency exit location, Charge equipment position, ATM position, Vending Machine position, the destination freely plugged into, timetable are with predetermined etc..
Parking lot information can also include the electronic chart of periphery point of interest and convenient positioner, such as shopping, sight spot, School, hospital, food and drink, corporations, amusement, traffic, exhibition etc..
Convenient positioner connects parking reservation terminal and the mobile terminal of user.Convenient positioner is from parking reservation Terminal obtains berth logon information, and according to electronic chart, parking facility or the position of periphery point of interest of mobile terminal And the current location of user, generate oplimal Location route information and show.
Oplimal Location route information includes user current location distance parking facility and the minimal path of periphery point of interest Instruction.
Manager's Registering modules connection management person's login module, manager's Registering modules obtain manager's personal information and The information in all parking lots managed, and generate and this pipe according to manager's personal information and the parking lot information that managed thereof Manager's logging-in code that reason person is uniquely corresponding, and the transmission of manager's logging-in code is stored to manager's login module.
Manager's login module Connection inquiring Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change order processing mould Block, manager's login module provides login-port to manager, and after manager is by manager's logging-in code login system, obtains Take the manager personal information corresponding with manager's logging-in code and the information in all parking lots managed thereof, and this information is sent out Deliver to inquire about Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change Ordering Module.
Inquiry Ordering Module connects berth enquiry module and parking lot supervisory systems, inquiry Ordering Module according to Berth information that parking lot supervisory systems sends, manager's personal information and the information in parking lot that managed thereof are to inquiry order Accept, and inquiry order is accepted result feed back to parking reservation terminal and show.
Predetermined Ordering Module connects parking reservation module and parking lot supervisory systems, predetermined Ordering Module according to Berth information that parking lot supervisory systems sends, manager's personal information and the information in parking lot that managed thereof are to predetermined order Accept, and predetermined order is accepted result feed back to parking lot supervisory systems and parking reservation terminal shows.
Change Ordering Module connects berth change module and parking lot supervisory systems, change Ordering Module according to Berth is changed by berth information that parking lot supervisory systems sends, manager's personal information and the information in parking lot managed thereof Order accepts, and berth is changed order accepts result and feed back to parking lot supervisory systems and parking reservation terminal shows Show.
User by parking reservation terminal input destination, sail date and time into, sail out of date and time, vehicle, number The information such as amount, platform will show the available parking lot information relevant with destination.Available parking lot includes having vacant berth, Accept those parking lots that berth in advance logs in and on-the-spot berth logs in.Available parking lot information can be to expense according to client With, distance destination with sail the convenience degree sailed out of into, parking lot type and the condition such as facility, CSAT evaluation result are arranged The information inventory of sequence, each information includes that parking lot photo, title, type, unoccupied parking spaces amount, distance affect with expense etc. The Back ground Information selected, clicks through the whole details that more can show parking lot.
With location graphic form, available parking lot information also shows that berth is tight on navigation map destination-centric When Zhang Weijian can use parking lot, platform can point out user's certain time in future may be vacant potential by parking reservation terminal Available parking lot and position, following certain time is probably 5,10,15,30 minutes or other times specified by parking lot, latent Refer in available parking lot judge that according to sequence information parking lot will become available parking lot after following certain time.This letter Breath can be pointed out user to wait by the parking of predetermined berth or change querying condition and be started new inquiry.
Berth management terminal 520 also includes Charging Module, and Charging Module connects predetermined Ordering Module and change order Processing module.Charging Module obtains expenses standard and the charging principle that manager is arranged, and accepts result according to predetermined order, pool Position landing time, berth post-set time and berth change order processing result generate parking fee inventory or the time delay statement of expense Send to parking reservation terminal.
Accordingly, parking reservation terminal 510 also includes module of paying the fees.Payment module connects third-party payment system and charge Module, payment module obtains parking fee inventory and/or the time delay statement of expense by Charging Module, logical obtaining after user authorizes Cross third-party payment system parking fee and/or time delay expense are paid, and payment result is fed back to berth management eventually End and parking reservation terminal.
Manager can be arranged fixed fee, at times ladder charge (such as weekend and festivals or holidays) by Charging Module, be connect Send expense (as plugged in airport), additional cost (such as highway, bridge toll), time-out charge (as time-out takies berth), preferential The charging items such as discount (such as festivals or holidays), minimum price (such as megastore), for berth coding groups, according to vehicle, character, side Formula, open time limit, expenses standard and the actual information computational costs such as time of parking.
Further, parking reservation system 500 also includes berth guider, vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner.
Berth guider connects parking reservation terminal and the vehicle mounted guidance of user, and berth guider is from parking reservation Terminal obtains predetermined order and accepts result or berth change order accepts result, and according to the navigation map of vehicle mounted guidance, step on The request of Lu Bowei and the current location of user, generate optimum and park navigation way information showing.
Wherein, optimum navigation way information of parking includes minimal path and the parking in preset distance berth, user current location The information such as the entrance instruction of field.
Guider of parking provides the access service of navigation map and in-vehicle navigation apparatus, navigates with berth including parking lot Map.It can be hand-held or in-vehicle navigation apparatus, it is achieved destination (Entrance or berth) navigation and destination's week Limit point of interest navigation etc., facilitate user to go on a journey.
Vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner connect parking reservation terminal and the mobile terminal of user, vehicle and periphery Point of interest positioner obtains berth logon information from parking reservation terminal, and according to the navigation map of mobile terminal, log in Berth and the position of periphery point of interest and the current location of user, generate optimum vehicle and periphery point of interest location route information And show;
Optimum vehicle and periphery point of interest location route information include that user current location distance logs in berth and periphery is emerging The information such as the minimal path instruction of interest point.
Vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner provide the access service of navigation map and mobile terminal, including parking lot with Log in the position in berth.Mobile terminal can be mobile phone or other HPCs or navigator, it is achieved return car from current location Location route and from vehicle arrive periphery point of interest path, facilitate user to go on a journey.
The berth information service platform that another embodiment of the present invention provides, also includes the 3rd on the basis of above-described embodiment Side's supervisory systems, third-party monitoring system connects berth reservation system, and third-party monitoring system is for berth reservation system Berth logs in and manages the parking reservation of terminal with berth reactive power optimization and berth and berth charging process is supervised.
Further, berth reservation system 500 also includes customer satisfaction evaluation module and complaint and suggestion module.Its In, customer satisfaction evaluation module connects parking reservation system, complains and suggestion module connects parking reservation system and third party Supervisory systems.Complain and suggestion module gathers user and/or the suggestion of gerentocratic complaint, and send it to parking reservation system With third-party monitoring system.
Third-party monitoring system is advised according to user and/or gerentocratic complaint and parking reservation and charging process, Running to whole platform is supervised, and can immediately find the administrative vulnerability of platform, optimum management.
Berth reservation system 500 is additionally included in line intercommunion platform, and online exchange platform connects parking reservation terminal and berth Management terminal.User or manager can be exchanged by online exchange platform, and suggestion is complained in immediate feedback.Online exchange Platform may be provided for the answer of FAQs and official, facilitates user to understand parking lot peace playscript with stage directions body.
Parking reservation system 500 is also connected with traffic system, municipal administration's system, industrial and commercial system, parking lot security system, public security system One or more in system, to facilitate, each functional department is legal to platform, the supervision and management of safe operation.
The berth information service platform that the embodiment of the present invention provides, by by parking reservation system and parking lot supervisory systems Docking, obtains berth information and the demand information of parking of user in parking lot, it is achieved make a reservation for the berth in parking lot, and And during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user is exited pool Bit time carries out extending or changing logging in berth, it is achieved the high-efficiency management to berth.Utilize the information service of above-mentioned berth Platform, user according to the concrete the most predetermined berth of demand of parking, and during logging in berth, can handle time delay or change More.
The parking reservation method and system of present invention offer, berth information service platform, by obtaining the berth in parking lot Information and the demand information of parking of user, use extremely economic means and the incision of light assets pattern, be only required to parking lot Encoding for each berth, user is predetermined in advance logs in berth and the time exiting berth, it is achieved pre-to the berth in parking lot Fixed, it is achieved plan trip, in order use parking lot resource, carry out good behavior rule for efficient, unimpeded road traffic order Model.
The parking lot supervisory systems Real-time Collection of the present invention, record, show the current Entered state information in parking lot and pre- Determine status information, break information island, it is not necessary to rely on parking lot smart machine or weight assets pattern incision, it is achieved berth information is altogether Enjoy, for induction and the convenient trip offer condition of parking.
The present invention is special cycle for disabled people, taxi, logistic car, shuttle etc. provide appropriate berth and preferential predetermined machine Meeting, it is achieved people-oriented and the highest objective of human-based management for road traffic.For appropriate berths etc. such as private berth, internal berths There is provided and hire out at times and share service.According to road traffic condition, track, part roadside is defined as interim berth, roadside, Limits utilizes existing parking lot and path resource, solves a difficulty difficult problem of parking.Difference is provided for different parking lots, different berth Taxi and expenses policy, limit and take for a long time and the illegally occupying of partial period, it is provided that valet parking service etc., such as portion Subregional berth can limit the longest scheduled time and must not exceed 30 minutes, and big berth compact car can not make a reservation for, the interim road of part Berth, limit is during cleaning road or trip can not make a reservation for rush hour.
The convenience that parking reservation is logged in the planned and change of plan exited by the present invention combines in an orderly manner, keeps away Exempt from the waste of limited parking lot resource, tackle reasonable, unexpected emergency situations simultaneously.
The present invention provides PC or APP client and the interface of Third-party payment platform for parking lot and user, for both sides Quick, convenient, the means of exchange of mutual benefit is provided;Realize the One-key navigation function in predetermined berth, follow can be realized easily Ground arrives Entrance and the path navigation in predetermined berth;Realize a key positioning function of vehicle and periphery point of interest, permissible Realize easily returning from periphery point of interest logging in berth and the path of vehicle and from berth and vehicle to periphery point of interest Guide;It is connected with third-party monitoring system easily, it is simple to strike order of parking supervised and illegally parks.
The parking reservation method and system of present invention offer, berth information service platform, by berth, parking lot management system System is mutual with user's parking reservation system, and vacant berth information is instant, accurate and complete, the sky of especially following a period of time Remaining berth information and vacant berth details, significantly improve the experience of parking of user;The incision of light assets pattern is used to encourage The wish of joining a gang in numerous small-sized and individual parking lot, and provide various beneficially improvement management and Improve Efficiency for parking lot Berth definition, charge clause and predetermined tool;Not only consider the demand of immediately parking that user is individual, consider more and pass through Guide and cultivate good traffic behavior specification to meet the demand of parking of user group.Consider present system user, The group need in parking lot and the puzzlement road traffic of government and difficulty of parking, the present invention is not a simple " the Internet+pool Car " APP, the present invention is from truly solving the trip and a difficult problem of parking, warp brought due to parking lot resource entirety scarcity Help notable with social benefit.
Particular embodiments described above, has been carried out further the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect Describe in detail, it will be appreciated that the foregoing is only the specific embodiment of the present invention, the protection being not intended to limit the present invention Scope.Particularly point out, to those skilled in the art, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, that is done any repaiies Change, equivalent, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. a parking reservation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Obtain the berth information in parking lot and the demand information of parking of user, described berth information at least include parking lot each The current Entered state information in berth and predetermined state information;Described demand information of parking at least include target parking areas, Estimate to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time;
According to described berth information and demand information of parking, the berth in parking lot is made a reservation for, and feed back to stop by predetermined result Parking lot and user;Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time;
During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user is exited The berth time carries out extending or changing logging in berth.
Parking reservation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described log in berth during, according to user's The time delay request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, user preferentially exits the berth time to extend or to logging in pool Position is changed, and comprises the following steps:
During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, it is judged that currently log in Berth is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time;
If it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time currently to log in berth, follow-up predesignated subscriber is moored Position adjusts, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changes logging in berth, makes a reservation for other berths for user;
If currently log in berth user is predetermined exit the berth time after the most scheduled, or adjust follow-up predetermined obtain into Merit, then user exits the berth time to extend.
Parking reservation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that further comprising the steps of:
Before user logs in predetermined berth, according to reservation change request and the berth information in current parking lot of user, to The predetermined result of parking at family changes.
4. a parking reservation system, it is characterised in that include data obtaining module, parking reservation module and delay process mould Block;
Described data obtaining module, for obtaining the berth information in parking lot and the demand information of parking of user, described berth Information at least includes current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;Described demand information of parking At least include target parking areas, estimate to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth date and time;
Described parking reservation module, for carrying out pre-according to described berth information and demand information of parking to the berth in parking lot Fixed, and predetermined result is fed back to parking lot and user;Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, when logging in berth Between and exit the berth time;
Described delay process module, for during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and current parking lot Berth information, user exits the berth time to extend or changes logging in berth.
Parking reservation system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described delay process module include judging unit, Changing unit and delay unit;
Described judging unit, for during logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth in current parking lot Information, it is judged that currently log in berth the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time;
Described changing unit is if it is the most scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time to be used for currently logging in berth, the most right Follow-up predesignated subscriber carries out berth adjustment, if adjusting follow-up predetermined unsuccessful, then changes logging in berth, pre-for user Other berths fixed;
Described delay unit, if not being scheduled after user makes a reservation for exit the berth time for currently logging in berth, or adjusts Whole follow-up predetermined successful, then user exits the berth time to extend.
Parking reservation system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that also include reservation change module;
Described reservation change module, for before user logs in predetermined berth, changes according to the reservation of user and asks and current The berth information in parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes.
7. a berth information service platform, it is characterised in that include parking lot supervisory systems and berth reservation system;
Described parking lot supervisory systems obtains the berth information in parking lot in real time and sends it to described parking reservation system;Institute State berth information and at least include current Entered state information and the predetermined state information in each berth, parking lot;
Described parking reservation system connects described parking lot supervisory systems, and described parking reservation system obtains the demand of parking of user The berth information that information and described parking lot supervisory systems send, and according to described berth information with park demand information to parking The berth of field makes a reservation for, and predetermined result feeds back to parking lot and user;Described parking reservation system is additionally operable to user During logging in berth, according to the time delay of the user request of parking and the berth information in current parking lot, when user is exited berth Between carry out extending or changing logging in berth;Described parking reservation system is additionally operable to before user logs in predetermined berth, Reservation change request according to user and the berth information in current parking lot, predetermined result of parking user changes;
Described demand information of parking at least includes target parking areas, estimates to log in berth date and time, estimate to exit berth Date and time;
Described predetermined result at least includes predetermined berth numbering, logs in the berth time and exit the berth time.
Berth the most according to claim 7 information service platform, it is characterised in that described parking reservation system includes berth Predetermined terminal and berth management terminal;
Described parking reservation terminal and berth management terminal are connected by network;
Described parking reservation terminal gathers demand information of parking described in user, reservation change request or the time delay request of parking, And according to described demand information of parking, reservation change request or time delay park request generation park inquiry order, park predetermined Order or change order of parking send to described berth and manage terminal;
Park described in described berth management terminal acquisition and inquire about order, park predetermined order or change order of parking, and according to institute State berth information to described inquiry order of parking, park predetermined order or change order of parking accepts, and result will be accepted Feed back to described parking reservation terminal show.
Berth the most according to claim 8 information service platform, it is characterised in that described parking reservation terminal includes vehicle Registering modules, user registration module, user log-in block, berth enquiry module, parking reservation module, berth log-in module, pool Module and berth change module are exited in position;
Described vehicle registration module connects described user registration module, and described vehicle registration module obtains information of vehicles and this vehicle Owner information and send it to user registration module;
Described user registration module connect described user log-in block, described user registration module obtain userspersonal information and Intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth, and generate according to the information of vehicles intending predetermined berth of described userspersonal information and correspondence thereof The user logging-in code the most corresponding with this user, and the transmission of described user's logging-in code is deposited to described user log-in block Storage;
Described user log-in block connects described berth enquiry module and parking reservation module, and described user log-in block is to described User provides login-port, and after user is by described user's logging-in code login system, obtains and described user's logging-in code pair The described userspersonal information answered and the information of vehicles intending predetermined berth also send it to described berth enquiry module and pool Position predetermined module;
Described berth enquiry module connects described berth management terminal, and described berth enquiry module is parked need according to user Ask information, userspersonal information and intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth generate described in inquiry order of parking send to described berth Management terminal;
Described parking reservation module connects described berth management terminal, and described parking reservation module is parked need according to user Ask information, userspersonal information and intend the information of vehicles in predetermined berth generate described in predetermined order single-shot of parking deliver to described berth Management terminal;
Described berth log-in module connects described berth management terminal, and described berth log-in module has arrived acquisition user and stepped on Berth logon information is sent to described berth management terminal after the information in predetermined berth, land;
Described berth is exited module and is connected described berth management terminal, and module is exited to obtain user already out and move back in described berth Send berth to described berth management terminal after going out the information in predetermined berth and exit information;
Described change module connects described berth management terminal, described parking reservation module according to the reservation of user change request or Time delay is parked and is asked to park change order transmission described in generation to described berth management terminal.
Berth the most according to claim 9 information service platform, it is characterised in that described userspersonal information at least wraps Include name, sex, age, identification card number, driver's license information and telephone number;
The information of vehicles in the predetermined berth of described plan includes type of vehicle, car plate, brand, color, owner information, purposes and vehicle The numbering of special permit and timeliness.
11. berth according to claim 9 information service platforms, it is characterised in that described berth management terminal includes stopping Parking lot Registering modules, manager's Registering modules, manager's login module, inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module And change Ordering Module;
Described parking lot Registering modules connection management person's Registering modules, described parking lot Registering modules obtain parking lot information and Legal owner's information also sends it to described manager's Registering modules;
Described manager's Registering modules connects described manager's login module, and described manager's Registering modules obtains manager individual Information and the information in all parking lots managed thereof, and according to described manager's personal information and the parking lot letter that managed thereof Breath generates the manager logging-in code the most corresponding with this manager, and the transmission of described manager's logging-in code is stepped on to described manager Record module stores;
Described manager's login module connects at described inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change order Reason module, described manager's login module provides login-port to manager, and manager by described manager's logging-in code After login system, obtain the described manager personal information corresponding with described manager's logging-in code and all parkings managed thereof The information of field, and send this information at described inquiry Ordering Module, predetermined Ordering Module and change order Reason module;
Described inquiry Ordering Module connects described berth enquiry module and parking lot supervisory systems, described inquiry order processing Berth information that module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the letter in parking lot managed thereof Described inquiry order is accepted by breath, and inquiry order accepts result feeds back to described parking reservation terminal and show;
Described predetermined Ordering Module connects described parking reservation module and parking lot supervisory systems, described predetermined order processing Berth information that module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the letter in parking lot managed thereof Described predetermined order is accepted by breath, and predetermined order accepts result feeds back to described parking lot supervisory systems and described pool Position predetermined terminal shows;
Described change Ordering Module connects described berth change module and parking lot supervisory systems, described change order processing Berth information that module sends according to described parking lot supervisory systems, manager's personal information and the letter in parking lot managed thereof Cease and described berth change order is accepted, and berth is changed order accept result and feed back to described parking lot supervisory systems Show with described parking reservation terminal.
12. berth according to claim 11 information service platforms, it is characterised in that described berth information also includes berth Type, described berth type includes common public berth, berth, interim roadside and appropriate berth, berth, described interim roadside root Set up according to road situation and berth demands status piggybacking;Described appropriate berth at least includes private berth, internal berth, residual Disease people berth, taxi berth, logistics berth and pick berth, the open object in dissimilar berth and open hour are not With.
13. berth according to claim 11 information service platforms, it is characterised in that described berth management terminal also includes Charging Module;
Described Charging Module connects described predetermined Ordering Module and described change Ordering Module;
Described Charging Module obtains expenses standard and the charging principle that manager is arranged, and accepts knot according to described predetermined order Really, berth landing time, berth post-set time and described berth change order processing result generate parking fee inventory or prolong Time the statement of expense send to described parking reservation terminal;
Described parking reservation terminal also includes module of paying the fees;
Described payment module connects third-party payment system and described Charging Module;
Described payment module obtains described parking fee inventory and/or the time delay statement of expense by described Charging Module, is obtaining Parking fee and/or time delay expense are paid after authorizing by user by described third-party payment system, and by payment result Feed back to described berth management terminal and described parking reservation terminal.
14. berth according to claim 9 information service platforms, it is characterised in that described parking reservation system also includes Berth guider, vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner;
Described berth guider connects described parking reservation terminal and the vehicle mounted guidance of user;
Described berth guider obtain from described parking reservation terminal described predetermined order accept result or berth change order Singly accept result, and according to the navigation map of vehicle mounted guidance, log in the request in berth and the current location of user, generate optimum Navigation way information of parking also shows;
Described optimum navigation way information of parking includes the minimal path in preset distance berth, user current location and parking lot Entrance indicates;
Described vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner connect described parking reservation terminal and the mobile terminal of user;
Described vehicle and periphery point of interest positioner obtain berth logon information from described parking reservation terminal, and according to shifting The navigation map of dynamic terminal, log in berth and the position of periphery point of interest and the current location of user, generate optimum vehicle and Periphery point of interest location route information also shows;
Described optimum vehicle and periphery point of interest location route information include that user current location distance logs in berth and periphery is emerging The minimal path instruction of interest point.
15. berth according to claim 7 information service platforms, it is characterised in that also include third-party monitoring system;
Described third-party monitoring system connects described berth reservation system, and described third-party monitoring system is for pre-to described berth Order the berth of system to log in and manage the parking reservation of terminal with berth reactive power optimization and berth and berth charging process is supervised Pipe.
16. berth according to claim 15 information service platforms, it is characterised in that described berth reservation system also includes Customer satisfaction evaluation module and complaint and suggestion module;
Described customer satisfaction evaluation module connects described parking reservation system;
Described complaint and suggestion module connect described parking reservation system and third-party monitoring system;
Described complaint and suggestion module gather user and/or the suggestion of gerentocratic complaint, and send it to described parking reservation System and third-party monitoring system;
Described berth reservation system is additionally included in line intercommunion platform, described online exchange platform connect described parking reservation terminal and Berth management terminal;
Described parking reservation system is also connected with traffic system, municipal administration's system, industrial and commercial system, parking lot security system, public security system In one or more.
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Address before: 310018, building 2, building 452, No. 6, Hangzhou economic and Technological Development Zone, Zhejiang, B0405-0406

Applicant before: Xu Yueming

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20161116