CN106120789A - The interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter - Google Patents

The interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106120789A
CN106120789A CN201610637574.9A CN201610637574A CN106120789A CN 106120789 A CN106120789 A CN 106120789A CN 201610637574 A CN201610637574 A CN 201610637574A CN 106120789 A CN106120789 A CN 106120789A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pile
rig
drilling rod
tube
vibration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610637574.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹小骥
曹摩西
曹鹏
曹荣夏
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Shanghai Zhenzhong Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Shanghai Zhenzhong Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Zhenzhong Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Zhenzhong Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610637574.9A priority Critical patent/CN106120789A/en
Publication of CN106120789A publication Critical patent/CN106120789A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/58Prestressed concrete piles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/18Placing by vibrating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/22Placing by screwing down

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of civil engineering, a kind of interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter, including exempting from resonate mesopore vibration hammer, pile tube fixture, long-spiral drilling machine, drilling rod and pile frame, both rig had been utilized to fetch earth in pile tube, reduce end resistance, utilize again vibration to reduce stake soil resistance, reach pile sinking purpose in conjunction with two machine effects.The present invention compared with the existing technology, has an advantage in that: can operate with any soil layer, can favorably accomplish pile sinking under quicksand, mud, sandy gravel and easy couch hole and underground bearing water geology;Endangering without " resonance ", retaining wall, fetch earth is carried out simultaneously, pile sinking efficiency height;Rig fetches earth the soil only taken in pile tube endoporus, and genus part fetches earth.Both can guarantee that enough side frictions, reduce again the adverse effect that full soil compaction is brought;Being not required to mud etc., construction is the most civilized dry clean but also is protected from weather influences.

Description

The interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter
[technical field]
The present invention relates to technical field of civil engineering, a kind of interior pile sinking boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter Method.
[background technology]
PHC pile tube, full name is prestressed high-strength concrete pile, is to use pretensioned prestressing in professional factory and be centrifuged Moulding process, a kind of pile tube made through steam press maintenance.
Along with infrastructure constructions such as the high speed expansion in city, high-speed railway, highway, port and pier, bridge spanning the seas Carry out on a large scale, owing to PHC concrete precast pile is quick for installation, convenient, steady quality, save the advantages such as engineering time, Current utilization is more and more wider.It is reported, within 2011, China PHC pile tube yield reaches 3.5 hundred million meters.
The main method of the most heavy PHC pile tube is as follows:
(1) plunging.As prefabricated pile is pressed into underground by self gravitation by Static pressure pile driver.Its advantage is tranquility environmental protection, but sets The shortcoming of standby both bulk, the soil layer jacked pile more than hard formation particularly medium coarse sand is highly difficult.
(2) squeeze into method.Hit with diesel hammer or hydraulic hammer and sink to.Its advantage is that efficiency is high, but shortcoming is noise, vibrates greatly, And soil layer driven pile more than medium coarse sand is highly difficult.
(3) implantation.This method abroad more, construction is few at home.It is first with drill hole of drilling machine, fills in hole Cement injection, then by prefabricated pile implant holes.Its advantage is non-soil compaction and environmental protection, but shortcoming to be efficiency of construction relatively low, and cold Cold weather cannot be constructed owing to freezing slurry.
Middle pick method.This method is that Japanese invents, and it is particularly well-suited to the construction of the prefabricated pile of major diameter.Advantage is Non-soil compaction and environmental protection, but shortcoming huge, the equipment that is device systems and construction cost is high, efficiency is low.
(5) vibratory drilling method.This method utilizes vibration to make a soil resistance reduce, and reaches pile sinking purpose under gravity.Its advantage Being that equipment is simple, efficiency of construction is high, but has vibration effect, and typically can not sink to severely-weathered above soil layer.
Now, PHC concrete precast pile pile tube is used in the basic aspect of heavy construction and gets more and more, and the base of heavy construction Plinth stake generally requires PHC tube pile of major diameter, PHC tube pile of major diameter will sink to soil layer, particularly sink to the soil of more than medium coarse sand Layer is highly difficult by existing method, and cost is high, efficiency is low.
Such as China's patent CN200410061106.9 discloses a kind of novel PHC stake and pile jacking in method is lifted in water qi of chong channel ascending adversely, Use plunging pile sinking at ordinary times, pile top is heavy reach sand or crushed gravel layer time, by input water under high pressure and compressed air wash away sand or Crushed gravel layer forms sandstone mixing water and discharges it, and this method water filling and gas injection pressure are difficult to control, it is difficult to ensure construction Quality and slime water splashes at pile crown can be caused.And for example China's patent CN201310340797.5 discloses a kind of PHC pipe Stake and pile sinking process thereof, by the PHC Pipe pile design that its bearing capacity is higher, can squeeze into closely knit layer of sand and strongly weathered sand-rock. But it carries out pile sinking by hammering, noise vibration is relatively big, right according to the soft degree on the performance of piling and ground etc. Stake end carries out different disposal and needs to carry out in advance drawing hole, easy not and reduce work efficiency.
[summary of the invention]
It is an object of the invention to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of interior boring vibrates the heavy of PHC tube pile of major diameter Piling method, combines vibrohammer and drilling machine construction method for large-diameter tubular pile hollow feature, gives full play to respective advantage, rationally Carry out construction operation.It had both utilized rig to fetch earth in pile tube, reduced end resistance, utilized again vibration to reduce stake soil resistance, knot Two machine effects of closing are to reach pile sinking purpose.
To achieve these goals, a kind of interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter is designed, including exempting from resonance Hole vibration hammer, pile tube fixture, long-spiral drilling machine, drilling rod and pile frame, it is characterised in that pile sinking process is specific as follows:
A. upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make the fixture lower end ground clearance of mesopore vibration hammer grow tall than stake;
B. with loop wheel machine or hang by pile frame pair, the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in pipe is fed in fixture, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, make Mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube are stretched out in tool joint;
C. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with tool joint;
D. align piles position, adjusts vertically degree;
E. open vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, be then turned on rig, casting of fetching earth in pile pipe;
F. pile tube sinks down at absolute altitude, stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer, continues rig and rotates casting, until drill bit creeps into pipe Stop rig time bottom stake endoporus to rotate;
G. lay down the connection of rig and drilling rod and unclamp fixture, upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make fixture lower port from Tool joint is more than the distance of pile tube length;
H. the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in second section is fed in fixture again, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube;
The most first make the drilling rod in second section pile tube be connected with the drilling rod in first segment pile tube and rig joint, then move down second Pipe joint stake is connected with first segment pile tube;
J. vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, casting of fetching earth in being then turned on rig, pile pipe are opened;
K. pile tube sinks down into and stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer at new absolute altitude, continues to make to move rig row on rotation limit, rig limit Soil, until under the drilling rod newly connected end connector from Section 2 pile tube mouth out time, rig stops operating, with matrix plate by pile pipe First segment drilling rod be fixed on pile pipe mouth;
L. hang the former first segment drilling rod connected with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope, lay down this drilling rod and rig and first The connection of joint drilling rod, hangs away this drilling rod;
M. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with first segment drilling rod top connection, make on rotation limit, rig limit, to move rig row Soil, until drilling rod from pile pipe all the most out, hang first segment drilling rod with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope, lay down this drilling rod and brill The connection of machine, hangs away this drilling rod;
N. unclamp fixture, upper shifting mesopore vibration hammer, complete shaking of totally 2 pipe joint stakes heavy.
Described step e can replace with: first opens rig and rotates casting of fetching earth, is then turned on hidden pipe pile or rig under vibration hammer Rotation fetches earth casting and vibration hammer vibration sinking tube alternately.
Described step j can replace with: first opens rig and rotates casting of fetching earth, is then turned on hidden pipe pile or rig under vibration hammer Mobile fetch earth casting and vibration hammer vibration sinking tube alternately.
If adjunction 3 saves, 4 pipe joint stakes, then repeat step g-step n.
The present invention compared with the existing technology, has an advantage in that:
1. can operate with any soil layer, can be suitable under quicksand, mud, sandy gravel and easy collapse hole and underground bearing water geology Complete pile sinking sharply;
2. endangering without " resonance ", retaining wall, fetch earth is carried out simultaneously, and pile sinking efficiency is high;
3. rig fetches earth the soil only taken in pile tube endoporus, and genus part fetches earth.Both can guarantee that enough side frictions, reduced again The adverse effect that full soil compaction is brought;
4. being not required to mud etc., construction is the most civilized dry clean but also is protected from weather influences.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that use present method invention carries out the device of pile sinking work;
Fig. 2 is to exempt from resonate mesopore vibration hammer and the structural representation of pile tube fixture;
In figure: 1. crawler belt pile frame 2. long-spiral drilling machine 3. drilling rod 4.PHC pile tube 5. exempts from the mesopore vibration hammer that resonates 6. pile tube fixture.
[detailed description of the invention]
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, this interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter Principle be the most clearly for the people of this specialty.
The pile sinking process of described interior brill vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter, including mesopore vibration hammer of exempting to resonate, pile tube fixture, Long-spiral drilling machine, drilling rod and pile frame, it is characterised in that pile sinking process is specific as follows:
A. upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make the fixture lower end ground clearance of mesopore vibration hammer grow tall than stake;
B. with loop wheel machine or hang by pile frame pair, the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in pipe is fed in fixture, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, make Mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube are stretched out in tool joint;
C. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with tool joint;
D. align piles position, adjusts vertically degree;
E. open vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, be then turned on rig, casting of fetching earth in pile pipe, it is possible to first open rig rotation and take Soil casting, it is then turned under vibration hammer hidden pipe pile or rig rotates and fetches earth casting and vibration hammer vibration sinking tube alternately.
F. pile tube sinks down at absolute altitude, stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer, continues rig and rotates casting, until drill bit creeps into pipe Stop rig time bottom stake endoporus to rotate;
G. lay down the connection of rig and drilling rod and unclamp fixture, upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make fixture lower port from Tool joint is more than the distance of pile tube length;
H. the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in second section is fed in fixture again, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube;
The most first make the drilling rod in second section pile tube be connected with the drilling rod in first segment pile tube and rig joint, then move down second Pipe joint stake is connected with first segment pile tube;
J. vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, casting of fetching earth in being then turned on rig, pile pipe are opened, it is possible to first open rig rotation and take Soil casting, it is then turned on hidden pipe pile or drilling-machine shifter under vibration hammer and fetches earth casting and vibration hammer vibration sinking tube alternately.
K. pile tube sinks down into and stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer at new absolute altitude, continues to make to move rig row on rotation limit, rig limit Soil, until under the drilling rod newly connected end connector from Section 2 pile tube mouth out time, rig stops operating, with matrix plate by pile pipe First segment drilling rod be fixed on pile pipe mouth;
L. hang the former first segment drilling rod connected with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope, lay down this drilling rod and rig and first The connection of joint drilling rod, hangs away this drilling rod;
M. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with first segment drilling rod top connection, make on rotation limit, rig limit, to move rig row Soil, until drilling rod from pile pipe all the most out, hang first segment drilling rod with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope, lay down this drilling rod and brill The connection of machine, hangs away this drilling rod;
N. unclamp fixture, upper shifting mesopore vibration hammer, complete shaking of totally 2 pipe joint stakes heavy.
If adjunction 3 saves, 4 pipe joint stakes, then repeat step g-step n.

Claims (4)

1. bore a pile sinking process for vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter in, including exempting from resonate mesopore vibration hammer, pile tube fixture, long spiral shell Rotary drill machine, drilling rod and pile frame, it is characterised in that pile sinking process is specific as follows:
A. upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make the fixture lower end ground clearance of mesopore vibration hammer grow tall than stake;
B. with loop wheel machine or hang by pile frame pair, the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in pipe is fed in fixture, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, make drilling rod Joint stretches out mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube;
C. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with tool joint;
D. align piles position, adjusts vertically degree;
E. open vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, be then turned on rig, casting of fetching earth in pile pipe;
F. pile tube sinks down at absolute altitude, stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer, continues rig and rotates casting, until drill bit creeps in pile tube Stop rig time bottom hole to rotate;
G. lay down the connection of rig and drilling rod and unclamp fixture, upper shifting rig and mesopore vibration hammer, make fixture lower port from drilling rod Joint is more than the distance of pile tube length;
H. the pile tube being inserted with drilling rod in second section is fed in fixture again, moves down mesopore vibration hammer, clamp pile tube;
The most first make the drilling rod in second section pile tube be connected with the drilling rod in first segment pile tube and rig joint, then move down the second pipe joint Stake is connected with first segment pile tube;
J. vibration hammer, lower hidden pipe pile, casting of fetching earth in being then turned on rig, pile pipe are opened;
K. pile tube sinks down into and stops the vibration of mesopore vibration hammer at new absolute altitude, continues to make to move on rotation limit, rig limit rig casting, directly To the drilling rod newly connected end connector from Section 2 pile tube mouth out time, rig stops operating, with matrix plate by first in pile pipe Joint drilling rod is fixed on pile pipe mouth;
L. hang the former first segment drilling rod connected with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope, lay down this drilling rod and bore with rig and first segment The connection of bar, hangs away this drilling rod;
M. move down rig, make rig joint be connected with first segment drilling rod top connection, make to move on rotation limit, rig limit rig casting, directly The most out hang first segment drilling rod with crane or pile frame pair lifting rope rope to drilling rod is whole from pile pipe, lay down this drilling rod and rig Connect, this drilling rod is hung away;
N. unclamp fixture, upper shifting mesopore vibration hammer, complete shaking of totally 2 pipe joint stakes heavy.
A kind of interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described step Rapid e can replace with: first opens rig and rotates casting of fetching earth, is then turned on hidden pipe pile or rig under vibration hammer and rotates the casting and shaking of fetching earth Dynamic hammer vibration sinking tube is alternately.
A kind of interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described step Rapid j can replace with: first opens rig and rotates casting of fetching earth, is then turned on hidden pipe pile or drilling-machine shifter under vibration hammer and fetches earth casting and shaking Dynamic hammer vibration sinking tube is alternately.
A kind of interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that pile sinking process Adjunction 3 saves, 4 pipe joint stakes, then repeat step g-step n.
CN201610637574.9A 2016-08-05 2016-08-05 The interior pile sinking process boring vibration PHC tube pile of major diameter Pending CN106120789A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108049405A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 陈露露 A kind of static pressure pile-sinking construction technology
CN111155513A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-15 深圳市盛业地下工程有限公司 Full-slewing drilling machine and hydraulic vibration hammer cooperative well drilling method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1986975A (en) * 2006-11-13 2007-06-27 福建永强岩土工程有限公司 Full sleeve large diameter vibration soil taking and filling pile construction method
JP2008274723A (en) * 2007-05-01 2008-11-13 Chowa Kogyo Kk Steel pipe pile driver used in conjunction with auger and method of driving steel pipe pile
CN102373705A (en) * 2011-07-11 2012-03-14 上海城地建设发展有限公司 Pile sinking device and method for outer digging pre-stressed centrifugal pipe pile and square pile
CN102373706A (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-03-14 上海城地建设发展有限公司 Pile sinking device and method for middle digging hydraulic method pre-stressed centrifugal pipe pile (square pile)
CN202247888U (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-30 上海振中机械制造有限公司 Device for sinking concrete precast pipe pile under combined action of vibration and impact
CN105113982A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 中国建筑股份有限公司 Resonance-free and full-bush long spiral drilling machine and construction method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1986975A (en) * 2006-11-13 2007-06-27 福建永强岩土工程有限公司 Full sleeve large diameter vibration soil taking and filling pile construction method
JP2008274723A (en) * 2007-05-01 2008-11-13 Chowa Kogyo Kk Steel pipe pile driver used in conjunction with auger and method of driving steel pipe pile
CN102373706A (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-03-14 上海城地建设发展有限公司 Pile sinking device and method for middle digging hydraulic method pre-stressed centrifugal pipe pile (square pile)
CN102373705A (en) * 2011-07-11 2012-03-14 上海城地建设发展有限公司 Pile sinking device and method for outer digging pre-stressed centrifugal pipe pile and square pile
CN202247888U (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-30 上海振中机械制造有限公司 Device for sinking concrete precast pipe pile under combined action of vibration and impact
CN105113982A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 中国建筑股份有限公司 Resonance-free and full-bush long spiral drilling machine and construction method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108049405A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 陈露露 A kind of static pressure pile-sinking construction technology
CN111155513A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-15 深圳市盛业地下工程有限公司 Full-slewing drilling machine and hydraulic vibration hammer cooperative well drilling method
CN111155513B (en) * 2019-12-30 2021-10-08 深圳市盛业建筑科技(集团)有限公司 Full-slewing drilling machine and hydraulic vibration hammer cooperative well drilling method

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Application publication date: 20161116