CN106120584B - A kind of box culvert slip form construction device and method - Google Patents

A kind of box culvert slip form construction device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106120584B
CN106120584B CN201610745540.1A CN201610745540A CN106120584B CN 106120584 B CN106120584 B CN 106120584B CN 201610745540 A CN201610745540 A CN 201610745540A CN 106120584 B CN106120584 B CN 106120584B
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external mold
internal model
track
full framing
box culvert
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CN106120584A (en
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刘培江
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F5/00Draining the sub-base, i.e. subgrade or ground-work, e.g. embankment of roads or of the ballastway of railways or draining-off road surface or ballastway drainage by trenches, culverts, or conduits or other specially adapted means
    • E01F5/005Culverts ; Head-structures for culverts, or for drainage-conduit outlets in slopes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of box culvert slip form construction device and method, including external mold, internal model, full framing, external mold draws realization sliding in orbit by external mold trailer system, and internal model and full framing are constituted whole in interior mode pulling system traction lower slider.Basis is first carried out when use and contains body construction, then the integrally dragging sliding that full framing and internal model are constituted is in place, is adjusted internal model position and is completed internal model installation;Later in place by external mold sliding, external mold installation is completed;Wall is poured between external mold and internal model again and covers concrete;Moulding/demoulding and outer moulding/demoulding in finally carrying out, the entirety for finally constituting internal model and full framing, that external mold slides into next section box culvert is in place.The whole sliding that the present invention can be realized internal model and full framing is constituted, and external mold integral slipping, avoid template, bracket from repeating to install and be very easy to operation, the workload for reducing template installation and removing, mechanization degree is high, speed of application is fast, and the duration shortens dramatically.

Description

A kind of box culvert slip form construction device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to culvert construction technical fields, and in particular to a kind of highway box culvert slip form construction device and method.
Background technique
Culvert is the important component of Con struction in Roadbed, is mainly used for excluding the surface water of Highways ' rapidly, protect Demonstrate,prove roadbed safety.Box culvert is a kind of culvert type being commonly used, and refers to that barrel is built with reinforced concrete box shaped tube coupling Culvert, box culvert may include one or more sections, and the section of each section is rectangular or rectangle, generally by armored concrete or bricklaying It is made, wherein armored concrete application is wider.Cover board, culvert body and the basis of box culvert are one poured with armored concrete A entirety can be used to drain, remarkable and vehicle passage.
In the prior art, the main construction method of box culvert is raft support method, but this method need to be set up repeatedly and tear open Bracket, template are unloaded, process is more, and time-consuming, large labor intensity, working efficiency is low, especially for the case that long range, duration are tight Contain for construction, tends not to meet construction demand.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem solved by the invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of box culvert slip form construction device And method, the integral mold plate of the overall movement and external mold that can be realized internal model full framing is mobile, and template, bracket is avoided to repeat It installs and operation is easy, reduce the workload of template installation and dismounting, mechanization degree is high, speed of application is fast, substantially reduces Duration.
To achieve the above object, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of box culvert slip form construction device, including external mold, internal model, full framing, the external mold are led by external mold trailer system Draw realization sliding in orbit, the full framing bottom is equipped with sliding equipment, and the entirety for constituting internal model and full framing exists Internal model trailer system draws lower slider.
The track includes the first track and the second track, and first track is mutually perpendicular to the second track.
The sliding equipment includes the adjustable pulley that full framing bottom is arranged in.
Support with adjustable is arranged in the full framing lower part, and full framing top is equipped with adjustable shore.
The external mold is supported by hydraulic stem, and the hydraulic stem includes oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar, the oblique liquid Compression bar, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar one end pass through support and be connected with the second track, the other end is connected to external mold, described oblique hydraulic Bar, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar and external mold form triangular structure, and oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar are longitudinally arranged along the second track.
The internal model uses combined steel, and the combined steel includes side form, angle mould and bamboo slab rubber bed die, is assembled in respectively Full framing two sides, corner and top.
At the top of pulley walker, pulley walker bottom is equipped with longitudinal movement and slides second track installation Wheel, external mold trailer system driving longitudinal movement pulley slide on the first track, and transverse shifting pulley is arranged in the external mold, horizontal The flexible driving transverse shifting pulley of hydraulic stem is slided in the second track.
A kind of box culvert slding form operation method, comprising the following steps:
A. body construction is contained in basis and part;
B. in place according to the culvert of the surveying and locating integrally dragging sliding that line constitutes full framing and internal model at one's side, and internally Mould position is adjusted, and completes internal model installation;
C. according to the culvert of surveying and locating, line lays external mold sliding rail at one's side, in place by the sliding of two sides external mold, and to external mold Position is adjusted, and completes external mold installation;
D. wall is poured between external mold and internal model and covers concrete;
E. after concrete strength reaches hardening requirement, outer moulding/demoulding and interior moulding/demoulding are carried out, later by internal model and Man Tang Entirety that bracket is constituted, that external mold respectively slides to next section box culvert is in place;
F. step b, c, d, e are repeated and completes lower box culvert construction.
Internal model includes angle mould, bamboo slab rubber bed die and side form in the step e, and interior moulding/demoulding and sliding are specific real in step e It is existing are as follows:
First adjust be located at angle mould at it is adjustable shore, separate angle mould with slab culvert concrete, complete angle mould demould;
Adjust at bamboo slab rubber bed die again it is adjustable shore, separate bamboo slab rubber bed die with box culvert cover board concrete, Complete bed die demoulding;
Then adjust be located at side form at it is adjustable shore, make side form with contain body concrete separate, complete side form demould;
The adjustable pulley for finally putting down the installation of full framing bottom, packs up whole support with adjustable, by internal model and Man Tang The whole slide that bracket is constituted is in place to next section box culvert.
In the step b, support is adjusted by adjustable shore in internal model position, after internal model is installed, is adjusted Pulley is packed up, and support with adjustable is put down.
The invention has the following advantages:
1, it can be realized internal model and full framing constitute whole sliding, template, bracket is avoided to repeat to install and hold very much Workload easy to operate, reducing template installation and remove, mechanization degree is high, speed of application is fast, and the duration shortens dramatically.
2, the adjustable setting shored of internal model can ensure that the support of template is separated with contraction, and die-filling and demoulding is time saving and energy saving.
3, it realizes external mold integral mold plate horizontal sliding, and can realize that external mold is generally longitudinally slided and slid laterally, avoid The repetition of template assembles.
4, external mold is ensured using the rock-steady structure that two sets of hydraulic stem supports form triangle with external mold when template slides Stablize.
5, external mold is supported by hydraulic stem, and hydraulic stem is controlled by oil hydraulic system, after contraction of hydraulic pressure bar with concrete separated demolding, Formwork after stretching, extension, it is easy to operate.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is Section A-A cross-sectional view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is internal model schematic view of facade structure in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is external mold schematic view of facade structure in Fig. 1;
In figure: 1, sleeper, the 2, first track, 3, longitudinal movement pulley, 4, pulley walker, the 5, second track, 6, transverse direction Mobile pulley, 7, hydraulic stem, 7-1, oblique hydraulic stem, 7-2, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar, 8, Screw arbor with nut at both-ends, 9, external mold, 10, motor, 11, hydraulic jack, 12, adjustable pulley, 13, support with adjustable, 14, full framing, 15, internal model, 15-1, side form, 15-2, Angle mould, 15-3, bamboo slab rubber bed die, 16, it is adjustable shore, 17, the lumps of wood, 18, hoist engine, 19, wirerope.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and specific examples, so that those skilled in the art can be with It more fully understands the present invention and can be practiced, but illustrated embodiment is not as a limitation of the invention.
A kind of box culvert slip form construction device, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, including external mold 9, internal model 15, full framing 14, external mold 9 It is drawn by external mold trailer system and realizes sliding in orbit, 14 bottom of full framing is equipped with sliding equipment, makes internal model 15 and Man Tang Bracket 14 is constituted whole in interior mode pulling system traction lower slider.
Internal model 15 uses combined steel, and combined steel includes side form 15-1, cornea 15-2 and bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3, side form 15-1 is assembled in 14 two sides of full framing, and bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3 is assembled in 14 top of full framing, and cornea 15-2 is assembled in side Between mould 15-1 and bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3.Wherein the lower part of bamboo slab rubber bed die is provided with the lumps of wood 17.
As shown in figure 4, external mold trailer system is driven by motor 10, the power of motor 10 is 5KW.
As shown in figure 3, internal model trailer system is driven by hoist engine 18, hoist engine model JK0.5 low speed winch.
Track includes the first track 2 and the second track 5, and the first track 2 is used for 9 longitudinal sliding motion of external mold, and the second track 5 is used for External mold 9 slides laterally, and the first track 2 and the second track 5 are all made of the rail of model 38kg/m.The bottom of first track 2 is set Sleeper 1 is set, hydraulic jack 11, the support for pulley walker 4 is arranged in the top of the first track 2.
As shown in Fig. 2, sliding equipment includes adjustable pulley 12 and support with adjustable 13, adjustable pulley 12 and adjustable Support 13 is installed in 14 bottom of full framing, and full framing 14, which is equipped with to be adjusted, shores 16, the support for internal model 15;It is adjustable Section shores the support that can ensure that internal model 15 when 16 stretching, is adjusted when shoring 16 contraction and realizes demoulding separation, makes die-filling and demoulding It is time saving and energy saving.
Adjustable pulley 12 includes pulley and the first screw rod, diameter of pulley 100mm, and pulley is mounted on the first screw rod bottom Portion, the adjusting of 12 entire length of adjustable pulley is realized by the first screw rod of rotation, and support with adjustable 13 includes collet and second Screw rod, collet are mounted on the second screw rod bottom, and the adjusting of 13 entire length of support with adjustable is realized by the second screw rod of rotation;The One screw rod, the second screw rod diameter be 35mm, length is 500mm;
Adjustable to shore 16 include jacking and third screw rod, and jacking is mounted on third screw rod end, passes through rotation third silk Bar realizes the adjustable adjusting for shoring 16 entire lengths;The diameter of third screw rod is 35mm, length 500mm;
External mold 9 is supported by hydraulic stem 7, and hydraulic stem 7 includes oblique hydraulic stem 7-1 and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar 7-2, oblique hydraulic stem 7-1, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar 7-2 one end pass through support and be fixedly connected with the second track 5 by bolt, the other end is connected to external mold 9, Support for external mold 9;
Oblique hydraulic stem 7-1, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar 7-2 and external mold 9 form the rock-steady structure of triangle, it is ensured that sliding in external mold 9 Stabilization when shifting, oblique hydraulic stem 7-1 and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar 7-2 are longitudinally arranged along the second track 5 with 3000mm spacing.
Second track 5 is mounted on 4 top of pulley walker, and 4 bottom of pulley walker is equipped with longitudinal movement pulley 3, outside Mode pulling system is driven longitudinal movement pulley 3 to slide on the first track 2 by motor 10 after gearbox speed change, to drive cunning It takes turns the entirety that walker 4, the second track 5, hydraulic stem 7 and external mold 9 form to vertically move along the first track 2, vertically moves pulley 3 Diameter is 200mm;
Transverse shifting pulley 6, the flexible driving branch of horizontal hydraulic pressure bar 7-2 are installed in 9 lower part erection support of external mold, support lower part Seat is mobile, so that transverse shifting pulley 6 be made to slide in the second track 5, and then drives external mold 9 along 5 transverse shifting of the second track.
In the present embodiment, full framing 14 is arranged by multiple diameter 48mm, the steel pipe of wall thickness 3.5mm, and horizon bar is vertical To spacing 800mm, horizontal spacing 600mm, the vertical step pitch 800mm of cross bar, upright bar longitudinal pitch 800mm, horizontal spacing 600mm, Bridging is longitudinally arranged by 1800mm spacing along box culvert.
In the present embodiment, side form 15-1 and angle mould 15-2 are typified form, the high 55mm of thickness 4mm, rib, rib thickness 4mm, cornea 15-2 is typified form, and angle mould 15-2 is processed into two sides that 45 degree of oblique angles are easy to disassemble, and every block length of bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3 is 2440mm, width 1220mm, with a thickness of 25mm, external mold is typified form, thickness 4mm, the high 55mm of rib, rib thickness 4mm.
In the present embodiment, internal model trailer system includes hoist engine 18 and wirerope 19, and the one ends wound of wirerope 19 is being rolled up It raises on machine 18, the other end is fixed on full framing 14, starts hoist engine 18, so that it may realize that full framing 14 and internal model 15 are constituted Whole movement, when the overall movement that full framing 14 and internal model 15 are constituted, adjustable pulley 12 is put down, support with adjustable 13 It packs up, when sliding into target position, adjustable pulley 12 is all packed up, and support with adjustable 13 is all put down, by support with adjustable 13 play a supporting role.By adjustable pulley 12 and this exchange of support with adjustable 13, support and demoulding when formwork are realized When whole slide.
The steel that can will be welded in concrete foundation and pulley walker 4 with expansion bolt after external mold 9 is in place in the present embodiment Plate connection, prevents external mold 9 from turning on one's side during hydraulic stem 7 supports.
In the present embodiment, hydraulic stem 7 by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM, hydraulic stem 7 shrink after with concrete separated demolding, after stretching, extension Formwork, easy to operate, hydraulic system includes hydraulic power unit motor, gear pump etc..
In the present embodiment oblique hydraulic stem specification be 63 × 35 × 2000mm, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar gauge lattice be 63 × 35 × 1000mm, hydraulic power unit motor P=5.5KW, rated pressure P=16MPa, gear pump discharge Q=40L/min.
A kind of highway box culvert slding form operation method, comprising the following steps:
A. body construction is contained in basis and part, contains the setting-up of construction joint of body in 1/5 position for containing height degree.
B. it is first led according to the culvert of the surveying and locating entirety that line constitutes full framing 14 and internal model 15 at one's side with hoist engine 18 Draw sliding in place, support with adjustable 13 is all put down, adjustable pulley 12 is all packed up;
Adjust it is adjustable shore 16 and keep internal model 15 in place, complete the installation of internal model 15;
C. wall, cover board reinforcing bar are bound;
D. according to the culvert of surveying and locating, line lays the sliding rail of external mold 9 at one's side, starts motor 10 for two sides external mold 9 successively In place, adjusting hydraulic stem 7 keeps two sides external mold 9 in place for sliding, completes the installation of external mold 9;
E., wall Screw arbor with nut at both-ends 8 is installed;
F. wall is poured between internal model and external mold and covers concrete, carries out concrete moisture retention maintenance;
G. it when concrete strength reaches design strength 75%, carries out the demoulding of external mold 9 and internal model 15 demoulds,
Internal model 15 demould when, first adjusting angle mould 15-2 at it is adjustable shore 16, make angle mould 15-2 and slab culvert concrete Angle mould 15-2 demoulding is completed in separation;,
Then adjust bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3 at it is adjustable shore 16, make bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3 and box culvert cover board coagulation Bamboo slab rubber bed die 15-3 demoulding is completed in soil separation;
Adjustable at adjusting side mould 15-1 shores 16 again, separates side form 15-1 with body concrete is contained, complete in side form Demoulding;
Adjustable pulley 12 is finally put down, whole support with adjustable 13 are packed up, internal model 15 and full framing 14 are constituted Whole slide is in place to next section box culvert, and after external mold 9 demoulds, it is in place that two sides external mold 9 slid into next section box culvert by motor 10;
H. step B, C, D, E, F, G are repeated and completes lower box culvert construction.
In this example when interior moulding/demoulding, according to the demoulding sequence of angle mould, bamboo slab rubber bed die, side form, it is ensured that smoothly de- Mould prevents angle mould, bamboo slab rubber bed die, side form from interfering during demoulding, guarantees enough demoulding spaces.
Embodiment described above is only to absolutely prove preferred embodiment that is of the invention and being lifted, protection model of the invention It encloses without being limited thereto.Those skilled in the art's made equivalent substitute or transformation on the basis of the present invention, in the present invention Protection scope within.Protection scope of the present invention is subject to claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of box culvert slip form construction device, including external mold, internal model, full framing, characterized in that the external mold is by outer mode pulling Sliding is realized in system traction in orbit, and the full framing bottom is equipped with sliding equipment, constitutes internal model and full framing It is whole to draw lower slider in interior mode pulling system;The track includes the first track and the second track, first track and the Two tracks are mutually perpendicular to, and the internal model uses combined steel, and the combined steel includes side form, angle mould and bamboo slab rubber bed die, are divided It is not assembled in full framing two sides, corner and top, second track installation is at the top of pulley walker, the pulley walking Frame bottom is equipped with longitudinal movement pulley, and external mold trailer system driving longitudinal movement pulley slides on the first track, described outer Transverse shifting pulley is arranged in mould, and the flexible driving transverse shifting pulley of horizontal hydraulic pressure bar slides in the second track, the external mold by Hydraulic stem support, the hydraulic stem includes oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar, and the one of the oblique hydraulic stem, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar End is connected by support with the second track, and the other end is connected to external mold, the oblique hydraulic stem, horizontal hydraulic pressure bar and external mold Triangular structure is formed, oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar are longitudinally arranged along the second track.
2. box culvert slip form construction device as described in claim 1, characterized in that the sliding equipment includes being arranged in Man Tangzhi The adjustable pulley of frame bottom.
3. box culvert slip form construction device as described in claim 1, characterized in that the adjustable branch of full framing lower part setting Seat, full framing top are equipped with adjustable shore.
4. a kind of box culvert slding form operation method, characterized in that the following steps are included:
A. body construction is contained in basis and part;
B. in place according to the culvert of the surveying and locating integrally dragging sliding that line constitutes full framing and internal model at one's side, and to internal model position It sets and is adjusted, complete internal model installation;
C. according to the culvert of surveying and locating, line lays external mold sliding rail at one's side, in place by the sliding of two sides external mold, and to external mold position It is adjusted, completes external mold installation;The track includes the first track and the second track, and the first track is longitudinally sliding for external mold Dynamic, the second track slides laterally for external mold;
The external mold is supported by hydraulic stem, and the hydraulic stem includes oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar, the oblique hydraulic stem, One end of horizontal hydraulic pressure bar passes through support and is connected with the second track, and the other end is connected to external mold, the oblique hydraulic stem, water Flat hydraulic stem and external mold form triangular structure, and oblique hydraulic stem and horizontal hydraulic pressure bar are longitudinally arranged along the second track;
D. wall is poured between external mold and internal model and covers concrete;
E. after concrete strength reaches hardening requirement, outer moulding/demoulding and interior moulding/demoulding are carried out, later by internal model and full framing It is in place that the entirety of composition, external mold respectively slide to next section box culvert;
Internal model uses combined steel, and the combined steel includes side form, angle mould and bamboo slab rubber bed die, is assembled in full framing respectively Two sides, corner and top when interior moulding/demoulding, first carry out angle mould demoulding, carry out bamboo slab rubber bed die demoulding again, finally carry out side form Demoulding;
F. step b, c, d, e are repeated and completes lower box culvert construction.
5. a kind of box culvert slding form operation method as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that interior moulding/demoulding and sliding tool in step e Body is realized are as follows:
First adjust be located at angle mould at it is adjustable shore, separate angle mould with slab culvert concrete, complete angle mould demould;
Adjust at bamboo slab rubber bed die again it is adjustable shore, separate bamboo slab rubber bed die with box culvert cover board concrete, complete Bed die demoulding;
Then adjust be located at side form at it is adjustable shore, make side form with contain body concrete separate, complete side form demould;
The adjustable pulley for finally putting down the installation of full framing bottom, packs up whole support with adjustable, by internal model and full framing The whole slide of composition is in place to next section box culvert.
6. a kind of box culvert slding form operation method as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that in the step b, internal model position is by can Adjusting, which is shored, is adjusted support, and after internal model is installed, adjustable pulley is packed up, and support with adjustable is put down.
CN201610745540.1A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 A kind of box culvert slip form construction device and method Active CN106120584B (en)

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CN107167849B (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-11-30 山东大学 The safety assisting system and forecast system of tunnel working geology radar method advanced prediction
CN112458936A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-09 中铁十六局集团地铁工程有限公司 Construction method for integrally translating box culvert full-hall support
CN113622328A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-09 新疆路桥建设集团有限公司 Box culvert construction assembly, application thereof and box culvert construction method

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