CN106116664B - The method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments - Google Patents

The method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Download PDF

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CN106116664B
CN106116664B CN201610518615.2A CN201610518615A CN106116664B CN 106116664 B CN106116664 B CN 106116664B CN 201610518615 A CN201610518615 A CN 201610518615A CN 106116664 B CN106116664 B CN 106116664B
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catchments
medical stone
sponge brick
husky ginger
porous sponge
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CN106116664A (en
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郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/131Inorganic additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/009Porous or hollow ceramic granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00284Materials permeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/0075Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 for road construction
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass

Abstract

The present invention provides the method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, and includes the following steps:The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, grain size is 100~250 μm of 50~75wt% of the medical stone hollow clay microballon of husky ginger soil trepanning, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, 5~the 10wt% of flyash and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber proportion samples of loss on ignition 1.1% are simultaneously uniformly mixed, mixture is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, add the aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.0%, aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble, form the slurries of porous expansion, the expansion water suction slurries of preparation are stirred evenly and are poured into the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, compacting, demoulding, it dries, the porous sponge brick that catchments is made.

Description

The method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments
Technical field
The present invention relates to the methods that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, and belong to material Technology is led.
Background technology
Due to EI Nino and La Nina Phenomenon, there is extreme variation in the weather in China, and rainfall distributed pole is uneven, south Northern drought and waterlogging are uneven, and rainfall is also extremely unequal in the same area, 1 year, and water shortage has restricted expanding economy and the people Life rationally utilizes existing precipitation, cell road surface, road, the effective precipitation in public leisure square are rationally collected, stored, Utilize, alleviate drought and water shortage season use water, the thermal capacity of water is big, can absorb heat also can heat release, improve miniclimate.
Invention content
Using the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning of trepanning as base-material, using sodium metasilicate as binder, water Mud is that the porous sponge brick that catchments increases mechanical strength and cementation, and the resin fibre of flyash and polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption is strong Water absorbing agent, husky ginger soil contain ferrimanganic conjugate, belong to clay mineral, and plasticity is strong, and the smaller specific surface area of medical stone grain size is bigger, Adsorption capacity is stronger, and medical stone is to heavy metal ion adsorbed in water, the cation substantially in medical stone and the weight in water Metal cation swaps, and has adsorbed the heavy metal cation in water by ion exchange medical stone, has adjusted the pH value of water, adopt With dilatant slurry, the density of slurries is reduced, a face of the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments is in dovetail channel-shaped, porous sponge of catchmenting The moisture that brick absorbs enters dovetail groove, is flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, the porous sponge brick that catchments is connected to by collector pipe Together, in rainwater catchment to collecting-tank.
Its technical solution is:The method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, first Step, the dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, grain size are 100~250 μm of hollow potteries of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning Native 50~75wt% of microballon, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5,5~10wt% of flyash of loss on ignition 1.1% and poly- Vinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, the sum of weight percent of the above components are 100%;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It samples by the weight percent of the first step, first will Grain size is that 100~250 μm of hollow clay microballons of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning are put into feed bin, and distributing device, cloth are sent by elevator The hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning is evenly distributed on governing belt balance by glassware, and spray thrower is by modulus 3.2~3.5 Sodium metasilicate be uniformly sprayed at the outer surface of the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning, the hollow pottery of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning Native microballon enters inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, makes the outer surface of each medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning clay microballon All uniform attachment sodium metasilicate, sodium metasilicate is inorganic bond, is hydrophilic, and cohesive force is strong, intensity is higher, acid resistance, heat-resisting Property it is good, hydrophilicity does not influence caking property, and mixture is 15~20wt% of cement, grain size is 100~250 μm of medical stone husky gingers soil 50~75wt% of the hollow clay microballon of trepanning, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, loss on ignition 1.1% flyash 5~ 10wt% and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, then mixture is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, ash For mixture, it is eventually adding the aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.0%, hydration reaction generates bubble, is formed porous swollen The slurries of swollen water suction reduce the weight of sponge brick, and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water imbibition, after water suction Sponge brick compression strength is constant.
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step are stirred evenly and pour into sea In the die trial of continuous brick press, by 1.2~2.0:1 volume ratio is suppressed, and ratio 1.2~2.0 is the volume before compacting, and ratio 1 is The porous sponge brick that catchments, a face of the porous sponge brick that catchments is made through striking off, suppressing, demould, dry in pressed volume In dovetail channel-shaped, the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick enters in dovetail groove, and collector pipe is embedded in dovetail groove, collector pipe insertion A part of arc surface in dovetail groove is openning shape, and another part arc surface is closed, and rainwater passes through the porous sponge brick that catchments Collect, into dovetail groove, collector pipe is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, the single porous sponge brick that catchments is connected to by collector pipe Together, the rainwater that collector pipe collects enters in centralized pool.
The preparation of the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning:First by 80~200 μm of medical stones of grain size, 200~400 μm Husky ginger soil is by weight 20~30:70~85 mixtures stir evenly, and the sum of weight percent of two kinds of components is 100%, mixing Material size mixing by 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, ash be medical stone and husky ginger soil two kinds at the mixture being grouped as, by centrifugal rotation High speed injection forms microballon, then fires, is quickly cooled down through 800~950 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1500 DEG C, forms wall thickness 50~100 μm, the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning that grain size is 100~250 μm, the two kinds of material mixing of medical stone and husky ginger soil, By high-temperature firing, modified medical stone and husky ginger soil trepanning Hollow Compound clay resistance to compression microballon are formd, the component of material is not Together, the chemical property of modified material is also different, and husky ginger soil contains ferrimanganic conjugate, belongs to clay mineral, and plasticity is strong, wheat meal The smaller specific surface area of stone grain diameter is bigger, and adsorption capacity is stronger, and medical stone is to heavy metal ion adsorbed in water, substantially wheat meal Cation in stone is swapped with the heavy metal cation in water, and the heavy metal in water has been adsorbed by ion exchange medical stone Cation adjusts the pH value of water.
The modulus of sodium metasilicate is most important, and when modulus is more than 3.5, with the increase of modulus, sodium metasilicate, which is hardened, to become fragile, and glues Knot property is deteriorated, and when modulus is less than 3.2, caking property declines.
Flyash is strong water absorbent, by high temperature sintering, there is higher activity.
A rainwater part for accumulation is pooled to by collector pipe in collecting-tank by the porous sponge brick that catchments, and another part penetrates into Into soil, increase soil water content, in summer high-temperature season, the heat on surface can also be transmitted to by the porous sponge brick that catchments In soil, the temperature on sponge tile floor surface is reduced, the thermal capacity of water is big, and can absorb heat also can heat release.
The present invention has the following advantages.
1, the Materials Inorganic environment-friendly materials used in sponge brick are prepared, will not be caused damages to environment, the recyclable energy of sponge brick Secondary use.
2, it is strong water absorbent to prepare sponge brick flyash and the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption, can absorb sponge brick table The moisture in face enters inside, when reaching certain amount, is dropped into collector pipe under the action of by gravity.
3, aluminium powder cream is added in mixture, forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the density of slurries.
4, the cation in medical stone is swapped with the heavy metal cation in water, is adsorbed by ion exchange medical stone Heavy metal cation in water, adjusts the pH value of water.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the axis geodesic structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the bottom of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention regards structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that the monolithic sponge brick of the embodiment of the present invention is linked together by collector pipe.
Wherein 1 in figure, sponge brick 2, dovetail groove 3, collector pipe.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1.
In embodiment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Method, the preparation of the first step, the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning:First by 100 μm of medical stones of grain size, 300 μm of sand Ginger soil is by weight 30:70 mixtures stir evenly, and mixture is sized mixing by 0.6 ratio of mud, are sprayed by centrifugal rotation high speed Microballon is formed, then expands, 1100 DEG C of high-temperature firings, be quickly cooled down through 820 DEG C, forms 100 μm of wall thickness, the wheat that grain size is 200 μm The hollow clay microballon of meal stone husky ginger soil trepanning.
The dispensing of second step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:It is 200 μm of medical stone husky ginger soil trepannings to take cement 20wt%, grain size Clay microballon 57wt%, the sodium metasilicate 13wt% of modulus 3.5, the flyash 6wt% of loss on ignition 1.1% and polyvinyl alcohol super absorbent resin Fat fiber 4.0wt%.
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It samples by the weight percent of the first step, first will Grain size is that 200 μm of hollow clay microballons of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning are put into feed bin, is sent into distributing device by elevator, distributing device will The hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and spray thrower is equal by the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.5 The even outer surface for being sprayed at the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning, enters inside spin drum agitation with governing belt balance Device sizes mixing mixture with 0.55 ratio of mud, adds the aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.5%, and hydration reaction generates gas Bubble forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the weight of sponge brick, and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has extremely strong water suction Property, the sponge brick compression strength after water suction is constant, and medical stone is to heavy metal ion adsorbed in water, substantially in medical stone Cation carries out ion exchange with the heavy metal cation in water, and the sun of the heavy metal in water has been adsorbed by ion exchange medical stone Ion adjusts the pH value of water.
The preparation of the porous sponge brick that catchments of 4th step, absorbent-type:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step are stirred evenly It pours into the die trial of sponge brick press, by 1.9:1 volume ratio compacting, through striking off, suppressing, demould, dry, is made porous Catchment sponge brick 1, and a face of the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments is in 2 shape of dovetail groove, and the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick 1 enters In dovetail groove 2, collector pipe 3 is installed in dovetail groove 2, rainwater collects by the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, into dovetail groove 2 It is interior, collector pipe 3 is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, and collector pipe 3 links together the single porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, and collector pipe 3 converges The rainwater of collection enters in collecting-tank, by precipitating, filtering, reuses.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, being not that the invention has other forms of limitations, appoint What those skilled in the art changed or be modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent variations etc. Embodiment is imitated, every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, the technical spirit of type makees above example according to the present invention Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling, still fall within the protection domain of type technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments, includes the following steps:
The dispensing of the first step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, grain size are that 100~250 μm of medical stone husky ginger soil are opened Hole 50~75wt% of hollow clay microballon, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, loss on ignition 1.1% flyash 5~ 10wt% and polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin 0.5~5.0wt% of fiber, the sum of weight percent of the above components are 100%, wheat The preparation of the hollow clay microballon of meal stone husky ginger soil trepanning:First by 80~200 μm of medical stones of grain size, 200~400 μm of husky ginger soil by weight Measure ratio 20~30:70~85 mixtures stir evenly, and the sum of weight percent of two kinds of components is 100%, mixture by 0.5~ 0.7 ratio of mud is sized mixing, and ash is two kinds of medical stone and husky ginger soil into the mixture being grouped as, by centrifugal rotation high speed injection shape It at microballon, then fires through 800~950 DEG C of expansions, 1000~1500 DEG C, be quickly cooled down, form 50~100 μm of wall thickness, grain size is 100~250 μm of the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It is sampled by the weight percent of the first step, first by grain size It is put into feed bin for 100~250 μm of hollow clay microballons of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning, distributing device, distributing device is sent by elevator The hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, spray thrower is by the silicon of modulus 3.2~3.5 Sour sodium is uniformly sprayed at the outer surface of the hollow clay microballon of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning, and the hollow clay of medical stone husky ginger soil trepanning is micro- Pearl enters inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, then mixture is sized mixing with 0.5~0.7 ratio of mud, is eventually adding The aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.0% stirs evenly, and aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble, forms porous expansion and inhales The slurries of water;
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:The slurries of expansion water suction prepared by second step are stirred evenly and pour into sponge In the die trial of brick press, through striking off, suppressing, demould, dry, the porous sponge brick that catchments is made(1), the porous sponge brick that catchments (1)A face be in dovetail groove(2)Shape, collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)It is interior, collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)Interior A part of arc surface is openning shape, and another part arc surface is closed, and rainwater passes through the porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Collect, Into dovetail groove(2)It is interior, entered collector pipe by the effect of gravity(3), collector pipe(3)By the single porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Even It is connected together, collector pipe(3)The rainwater collected enters in collecting-tank.
CN201610518615.2A 2016-07-05 2016-07-05 The method that absorbent-type medical stone husky ginger soil clay microballon prepares the porous sponge brick that catchments Active CN106116664B (en)

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