CN106116650B - The method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation - Google Patents

The method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106116650B
CN106116650B CN201610518561.XA CN201610518561A CN106116650B CN 106116650 B CN106116650 B CN 106116650B CN 201610518561 A CN201610518561 A CN 201610518561A CN 106116650 B CN106116650 B CN 106116650B
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sponge brick
particle
grain size
catchments
porous
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CN106116650A (en
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李田泽
郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B20/00Use of materials as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone according to more than one of groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 and characterised by shape or grain distribution; Treatment of materials according to more than one of the groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Expanding or defibrillating materials
    • C04B20/02Treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention provides the method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation, includes the following steps:The dispensing of the porous sponge brick that catchments:By 15~20wt% of cement, 250~450 μm of rape stalks of grain size squeeze out 45~65wt% of particle, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, grain size is 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, 100~200 μm of 5~10wt% of silica flour of grain size, 10~30wt% of medical stone of 100~200 μm of 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and grain size samplings are uniformly mixed, it is sized mixing with 0.4~0.7 ratio of mud, add in the aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.5%, aluminium powder cream hydration reaction generates bubble, form porous expansion water suction slurries, slurries, which stir evenly, to be poured into the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, compacting, demoulding, it dries, sponge brick is made.

Description

The method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the methods that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation, belong to material technology Neck.
Background technology
Due to EI Nino and La Nina Phenomenon, there is extreme variation in the weather in China, and rainfall distributed pole is uneven, south Northern drought and waterlogging are uneven, and rainfall is also extremely unequal in same area, 1 year, and water shortage has restricted expanding economy and the people Life, rationally using existing precipitation, by cell road surface, road, the effective precipitation in public leisure square rationally collect, store, It utilizes, alleviates the water of using in drought and water shortage season, it is significant.
Invention content
Rape stalk is wooden stalk, and main component is cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, and content of cellulose is up to 52%, have adsorptivity, anti-folding, toughening, reinforcement, cooling, noise reduction, it is heat-insulated, keep the temperature performance, be modified using heteropoly acid to be formed it is more Kind intermediate synthesizes other materials again, extracts wood fibre, strong alkali method is not used to extract cellulose, cellulose is in water Heavy metal ion has stronger suction-operated, and bentonite is modifying agent and strong adsorbent, there is suction-operated, wheat to heavy metal ion Meal stone to heavy metal ion adsorbed in water, with the heavy metal cation in water handed over by the cation substantially in medical stone It changes, the heavy metal cation in water has been adsorbed by ion exchange medical stone, adjust the pH value of water using sodium metasilicate as binding agent, It is to absorb water by force that cement increases mechanical strength and cementation, the resin fibre of polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption for the porous sponge brick that catchments Agent using dilatant slurry, reduces the density of slurries, a face of the manufactured porous sponge brick that catchments is in dovetail channel-shaped, porous collection The moisture that water sponge brick absorbs enters dovetail groove, and collector pipe is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, and collector pipe is by the porous sponge brick that catchments It links together, in rainwater catchment to collecting-tank.
Its technical solution is:The method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation is the first step, more Hole is catchmented the dispensing of sponge brick:By 15~20wt% of cement, grain size for 250~450 μm of rape stalks squeeze out particles 45~ 65wt%, modulus 3.2~3.5 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate, grain size be 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, grain size be 100~ 10~30wt% of medical stone of 200 μm of 5~10wt% of silica flour, 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and 100~200 μm of grain size The sum of sampling, weight percent of the above components are 100%;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It samples by the weight percent of the first step, first will Grain size squeezes out particles for 250~450 μm of rape stalks and is put into feed bin, and distributing device is sent by elevator, and distributing device is by rape straw Stalk squeezes out particle and is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at rape straw by spray thrower Stalk squeezes out the outer surface of particle, enters inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, sodium metasilicate is inorganic bond, is hydrophilic Type, cohesive force is strong, intensity is higher, acid resistance, heat-resist, and hydrophilicity does not influence caking property, mixture for cement 15~ 20wt%, grain size for 250~450 μm of rape stalks squeeze out 45~65wt% of particle, modulus 3.2~3.5 sodium metasilicate 5~ 15wt%, grain size are 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, grain size is 100~200 μm of 5~10wt% of silica flour, high hydroscopic resin is fine 10~30wt% of medical stone of 100~200 μm of 0.5~5.0wt% and grain size is tieed up, by mixture with 0.4~0.7 ratio of mud tune Slurry, ash are mixture, add one kind in the aluminium powder cream or aluminum sulfate that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.5%, and aquation is anti- Bubble should be generated, forms the slurries of porous expansion water suction, reduces the weight of sponge brick, polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber has Extremely strong water imbibition, the sponge brick compression strength after water suction are constant;
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir evenly, pours into sea In the die trial of continuous brick press, by 1.2~2.0:1 volume ratio is suppressed, and ratio 1.2~2.0 is the volume before compacting, and ratio 1 is Pressed volume through striking off, suppressing, demoulding, is dried, porous one face of sponge brick of catchmenting is equipped with multiple grooves, by the sun Energy solar panel and LED light emitting diodes are placed in groove, and the solar energy of absorption is converted to electric energy and stored by solar panel Come, LED light emitting diodes are shone by the effect contacting of external force, as lighting installation, using a variety of flexible colors, module In can also be implanted into different music, regularly updated by wireless network, when external force disappears, contact disconnect, porous sponge of catchmenting Another face of brick is equipped with dovetail channel-shaped, and the porous moisture for catchmenting the absorption of sponge brick enters in dovetail groove, collector pipe insertion dovetail In slot, rainwater collects by the porous sponge brick that catchments, into dovetail groove, is flowed into collector pipe again by the effect of gravity, catchmented Pipe links together the single porous sponge brick that catchments, and the rainwater that collector pipe collects enters in collecting-tank.
Rape stalk squeezes out the preparation of particle:200~400 μm of granular powders of grain size, grain size first is made in rape stalk crushing 100~200 μm of bentonites, the two 70~85wt% by weight percentage:15~35wt% samplings are uniformly mixed, the weight of two kinds of components It is 100% to measure the sum of percentage, mixture is prepared by the ratio of mud 0.1~0.2, mixture is rape stalk granular powder and swelling Soil, ash are mixture, and mixture is put into screw mixer and stirs evenly, enters back into extruding granulator and be granulated, and are made after dry Spheric granules is squeezed out into 250~450 μm of rape stalks of grain size, rape stalk is wooden stalk, and main component is cellulose, half fiber Dimension element and lignin, content of cellulose are up to 52%, have adsorptivity, anti-folding, toughening, reinforcement, cooling, noise reduction, heat-insulated, heat preservation Performance, can also be modified using heteropoly acid and to form a variety of intermediates, synthesize other materials again, the cellulose of extraction presses total weight 5% add in mixture in, do not use strong alkali method extract cellulose, not can cause environmental pollution, cellulose is to the weight in water Metal ion has stronger suction-operated, and bentonite is modifying agent and strong adsorbent, also has absorption to the heavy metal ion in water Effect.
Medical stone is to heavy metal ion adsorbed in water, the cation substantially in medical stone and the heavy metal sun in water Ion swaps, and the heavy metal cation in water has been adsorbed by ion exchange medical stone, adjusts the pH value of water.
Calcium oxide hydration reaction generates a large amount of heat, and generation calcium hydroxide is in as a form of gel, is given birth to silica, aluminium oxide Into calcium silicates, calcium oxide is activator, the activity of excited cement.
A rainwater part for accumulation is pooled to by collector pipe in collecting-tank by the porous sponge brick that catchments, and another part penetrates into Into soil, increase soil water content, in summer high-temperature season, the heat on surface can also be transmitted to by the porous sponge brick that catchments In soil, sponge brick can reduce the temperature of earth's surface, can also improve surface temperature, and the thermal capacity of water is big, and can absorb heat can also put Heat.
The present invention has the following advantages.
1st, the Materials Inorganic environment-friendly materials used in sponge brick are prepared, will not be damaged to environment, the recyclable energy of sponge brick Secondary use.
2nd, the resin fibre for preparing the polyvinyl alcohol high water absorption that sponge brick uses is strong water absorbent, can absorb sponge brick surface Moisture enter inside, when reaching certain amount, dropped into collector pipe under the action of by gravity.
3rd, aluminium powder cream is added in mixture, forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the density of slurries.
4th, rape stalk is wooden stalk, and main component is cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, and content of cellulose is up to 52%, have adsorptivity, anti-folding, toughening, reinforcement, cooling, noise reduction, it is heat-insulated, keep the temperature performance, be modified using heteropoly acid to be formed it is more Kind intermediate synthesizes other materials again, extracts cellulose, strong alkali method is not used to extract cellulose, cellulose is to the weight in water Metal ion also has stronger suction-operated.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the axis geodesic structure schematic diagram of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the bottom of the sea brick of the embodiment of the present invention regards structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram that the monolithic sponge brick of the embodiment of the present invention is linked together by collector pipe.
Wherein 1 in figure, sponge brick 2, dovetail groove 3, collector pipe 4, LED light emitting diodes 5, solar panel.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment.
In embodiment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the side of the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation Method, the first step, rape stalk squeeze out the preparation of particle:400 μm of granular powders of grain size, 200 μ of grain size first is made in rape stalk crushing M bentonites, the two 85wt% by weight percentage:15wt% samplings are uniformly mixed, and mixture is prepared by the ratio of mud 0.1, are mixed Expect to squeeze out granular powder for rape stalk and bentonite, mixture are put into screw mixer and stir evenly, enter back into extruding pelletization It is granulated in machine, 300 μm of rape stalks of grain size is made after dry and squeeze out particle.
The dispensing of second step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Cement 15wt%, grain size squeeze out particle for 300 μm of rape stalks 45wt%, modulus 3.2 sodium metasilicate 15wt%, grain size be 150 μm of calcium oxide 3wt%, grain size is 150 μm of silica flour 5wt%, high water absorptions Resin fibre 2.0wt% and grain size are 100 μm of medical stone 15wt%.
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It samples by the weight percent of the first step, first will Grain size squeezes out particle for 300 μm of rape stalks and is put into feed bin, is sent into distributing device by elevator, distributing device squeezes out rape stalk Particle is evenly distributed on governing belt balance, and the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2 is uniformly sprayed at rape stalk and squeezes out particle by spray thrower Outer surface, enter inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, mixture with 0.6 ratio of mud sized mixing, is added mixed The aluminium powder cream that material total weight is 0.8% is closed, hydration reaction generates bubble, forms the slurries of porous expansion, reduces the weight of sponge brick Amount, polyvinyl alcohol high hydroscopic resin fiber have extremely strong water imbibition, and the sponge brick compression strength after water suction is constant.
The preparation of 4th step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:Expansion water suction slurries prepared by second step, which stir evenly, pours into sea In the die trial of continuous brick press, by 1.2:1 volume ratio compacting, through striking off, suppressing, demoulding, dries, porous sea of catchmenting is made Solar panel 5 and LED light emitting diodes 4 are placed in groove by continuous brick 1, porous 1 one faces of sponge brick of catchmenting equipped with groove In, the solar energy of absorption is converted to electric energy and stored by solar panel 5, and LED light emitting diodes 4 are acted on by external force Contact point, which is connected, to shine, another face of the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments is equipped with 2 shape of dovetail groove, the water of the porous absorption of sponge brick 1 of catchmenting Divide and enter in dovetail groove 2, collector pipe 3 is installed in dovetail groove 2, rainwater collects by the porous sponge brick 1 that catchments, into swallow In stern notch 2, collector pipe 3 is flowed into again by the effect of gravity, the single porous sponge brick 1 that catchments is linked together, catchmented by collector pipe 3 The rainwater that pipe 3 collects enters in collecting-tank, by precipitating, filtering, reuses.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, being not that the invention has other forms of limitations, appoint What those skilled in the art changed or be modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent variations etc. Embodiment is imitated, every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, the technical spirit of type makees above example according to the present invention Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling, still fall within the protection domain of type technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation, includes the following steps:
The dispensing of the first step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:15~20wt% of cement, grain size are squeezed out for 250~450 μm of rape stalks 45~65wt% of particle, 5~15wt% of sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5, grain size are 100~200 μm of 3~5wt% of calcium oxide, grains Diameter is 100~200 μm of 5~10wt% of silica flour, 0.5~5.0wt% of high hydroscopic resin fiber and the medical stone of 100~200 μm of grain size 10~30wt% is sampled, and the sum of weight percent of the above components is 100%, and rape stalk squeezes out the preparation of particle:It first will be oily Dish stalk, which crushes, is made 200~400 μm of granular powders of grain size, 100~200 μm of bentonites of grain size, and the two by weight percentage 70~ 85wt%:15~35wt% samplings are uniformly mixed, and the sum of weight percent of two kinds of components is 100%, and mixture is pressed the ratio of mud 0.1~0.2 prepares, and mixture is rape stalk granular powder and bentonite, and ash is mixture, and mixture is put into screw mixer It stirs evenly, enters back into extruding granulator and be granulated, 250~450 μm of rape stalks of grain size are made after dry and squeeze out particle;
The preparation of second step, the porous sponge brick expansion water suction slurries that catchment:It is sampled by the weight percent of the first step, first by grain size Particle is squeezed out for 250~450 μm of rape stalks to be put into feed bin, distributing device is sent by elevator, distributing device squeezes rape stalk Go out particle to be evenly distributed on governing belt balance, the sodium metasilicate of modulus 3.2~3.5 is uniformly sprayed at rape stalk and squeezed by spray thrower Go out the outer surface of particle, rape stalk squeezes out particle and enters inside spin drum agitation device with governing belt balance, by mixture with 0.4 ~0.7 ratio of mud is sized mixing, and is added the aluminium powder cream that mixture total weight is 0.2~1.5% and is stirred evenly, aluminium powder cream aquation is anti- Bubble should be generated, forms the slurries of porous expansion water suction;
The preparation of third step, the porous sponge brick that catchments:The slurries that porous expansion prepared by second step absorbs water, which stir evenly, to be poured into In the die trial of sponge brick press, through striking off, suppressing, demoulding, dry, the porous sponge brick that catchments is made(1), porous sponge of catchmenting Brick(1)One face is equipped with groove, by solar panel(5)With LED light emitting diodes(4)It is placed in groove, solar-electricity Pond plate(5)The solar energy of absorption is converted to electric energy to store, LED light emitting diodes(4)Hair is connected by the effect of external force Light, the porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Another face be equipped with dovetail groove(2), collector pipe(3)Embedded dovetail groove(2)Interior, rainwater passes through The porous sponge brick that catchments(1)Collect, into dovetail groove(2)It is interior, then flow into collector pipe(3), collector pipe(3)By single porous collection Water sponge brick(1)It links together, collector pipe(3)The rainwater collected enters in collecting-tank.
CN201610518561.XA 2016-07-05 2016-07-05 The method that light emitting-type rape stalk squeezes out the porous sponge brick that catchments of particle preparation Active CN106116650B (en)

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CN106747160A (en) * 2016-12-18 2017-05-31 余姚市庆达机械有限公司 A kind of environmental protection is laid bricks and preparation method thereof
CN111499403A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-07 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Building material for enhancing bonding degree and preparation method thereof

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CN103467058A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 山东理工大学 Method for preparing waterproof, antifouling, environment-friendly and flame retardant insulation board by using pitchstone beads
CN103553448A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-02-05 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Ceramsite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN105016765A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 江苏溧阳建设集团有限公司 Corrosion resistant water permeable brick
CN105503113A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 乔生艮 Energy-saving environment-friendly water-permeable autoclaved brick and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101725208A (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-06-09 岳建伟 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation crack-resisting brick made from modified vitrified micro beads
CN103467058A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 山东理工大学 Method for preparing waterproof, antifouling, environment-friendly and flame retardant insulation board by using pitchstone beads
CN103553448A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-02-05 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Ceramsite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN105016765A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 江苏溧阳建设集团有限公司 Corrosion resistant water permeable brick
CN105503113A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 乔生艮 Energy-saving environment-friendly water-permeable autoclaved brick and preparation method thereof

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