CN106115142B - A kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station - Google Patents

A kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106115142B
CN106115142B CN201610670375.8A CN201610670375A CN106115142B CN 106115142 B CN106115142 B CN 106115142B CN 201610670375 A CN201610670375 A CN 201610670375A CN 106115142 B CN106115142 B CN 106115142B
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China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
oil cylinder
pressure head
transfer station
compression
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CN201610670375.8A
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CN106115142A (en
Inventor
张祖良
陈华飞
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Sichuan Deep Jiang Meixin Environmental Sanitation Science And Technology Ltd
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Sichuan Deep Jiang Meixin Environmental Sanitation Science And Technology Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F9/00Transferring of refuse between vehicles or containers with intermediate storage or pressing

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station, including foundation pit, and the cabinet in foundation pit, the garbage transfer station further includes mobile pressure head, rushing board mechanism, swing-bar mechanism, the mobile pressure head is set to the upper front end of the cabinet, the rushing board mechanism is set to the box house, including push plate oil cylinder, push plate, push plate oil cylinder both ends are separately connected the cabinet front inner wall and push plate, the swing-bar mechanism is separately connected the foundation pit and the cabinet, the security performance of the garbage transfer station is higher, energy consumption is lower, simplify the process of garbage-compressing, structure is simple, greatly reduce the circulation time of garbage-compressing, improve the efficiency of garbage-compressing, the flexibility in garbage-compressing work is improved simultaneously, compression ratio can reach 1:4, compressed executing garbage weight is up to 6-10 tons/block, ring Border is adaptable, reliability and durability.

Description

A kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of garbage disposal equipment, and in particular to a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station.
Background technique
Increasingly developed with environmental protection work, people require the protection of living environment higher and higher, however city The processing of rubbish present needs exist for improving and develop, and the mode that municipal refuse generallys use barrelling stores, be placed in roadside or Then cell will be gone on transit vehicle, this location mode leakproofness in the rubbish week of barreled with the lifting device of transit vehicle Difference will cause sewage crossing current vulnerable to solarization, wind, the influence to drench with rain, and to occupy volume big for traditional waste deposit mode, Rubbish turnover is at high cost, it is therefore desirable to carry out strength compression to domestic waste, reduce volume, can greatly reduce rubbish collection Middle processing and transport difficulty and cost.
Vertical compression type garbage transfer station is a kind of common garbage compressing treatment device, and major function is by bulk solids Rubbish is compressed into the compression blocks of higher density by vertical compression technique.Existing vertical compression type garbage transfer station is usually arranged It is beautiful and clean in the occupancy in foundation pit, reducing ground space, when needing to carry out garbage transfer, certain altitude is risen to, by rubbish Rubbish block is transferred to transfer car(buggy) and pulls away.But existing vertical compression type garbage transfer station, big pillar construction is generallyd use, for real The raising and lowering of existing garbage box, big pillar construction security performance is poor, and energy consumption is higher, and oil cylinder stroke is long, therefore to environment Adaptability it is weaker, higher cost;In addition, can only realize the vertical up-or-down movement of pressure head itself, and to realize the compression of rubbish, pressure Contracting process CIMS is cumbersome, and compression time is longer.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the application provides a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station, the security performance of the garbage transfer station is more Height, energy consumption is lower, simplifies the process of garbage-compressing, and structure is simple, greatly reduces the circulation time of garbage-compressing, improves The efficiency of garbage-compressing, while the flexibility in garbage-compressing work is improved, compression ratio can reach 1:4, compressed rubbish For block weight up to 6-10 tons/block, environmental suitability is strong, reliability and durability.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution provided by the invention is a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station, including Foundation pit, and the cabinet in foundation pit, the garbage transfer station further include mobile pressure head, rushing board mechanism, swing-bar mechanism, described Mobile pressure head is set to the upper front end of the cabinet, and the rushing board mechanism is set to the box house, including push plate oil cylinder, Push plate, push plate oil cylinder both ends are separately connected the cabinet front inner wall and push plate, and the swing-bar mechanism is separately connected described Foundation pit and the cabinet.
Further, the swing-bar mechanism includes pull rod, the first telescopic oil cylinder, big swing rod, described pull rod one end with it is described The front end of cabinet is hinged, and the other end and the first support for being located at the bottom of foundation ditch are hinged;First telescopic oil cylinder one end with The middle part of the big swing rod is hinged, and the other end and the second support for being located at the bottom of foundation ditch are hinged;Described big swing rod one end with Hinged in the middle part of the cabinet, the other end and the third support for being located at the foundation pit inner wall are hinged.
Further, the second telescopic oil cylinder is also connected on the pull rod.
Further, the third support is located at the foundation pit upper inside wall at the box back;First support The latter half of of the bottom of foundation ditch is respectively positioned on second support.
Further, the mobile pressure head includes that pressure head pushes oil cylinder, compression mechanism, the compression mechanism and the pressure head It pushes oil cylinder to be fixedly connected, the compression mechanism includes compression cylinder, presents a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme, and described present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme is connected to the compression cylinder end End, the pressure head push the long axis that oil cylinder is parallel to the cabinet, long axis of the compression cylinder perpendicular to the cabinet.
Further, at least 1 the first cunning for being parallel to cabinet long axis is provided between the mobile pressure head and cabinet Rail, one end of the pressure head pushing oil cylinder and the end of first sliding rail are hinged.
Further, at least two pulley is additionally provided on the mobile pressure head, the pulley is located at first sliding rail On.
Further, the mobile pressure head further includes at least 2 guide posts, the guide post and vertical set of presenting a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme It sets.
Further, it is additionally provided with baffle in the middle part of the cabinet, the baffle is vertical with the long axis of the cabinet, will be described Cabinet is separated into compression bin and storage warehouse, and the baffle is connect with the second sliding rail being located on the cabinet wall, for realizing The lifting of the baffle.
Further, the cabinet top is additionally provided with cart hopper, and the box back is additionally provided with switch gate, described Switch gate passes through hydraulic control.
In technical scheme, the workflow of the vertical compression garbage transfer station are as follows: cabinet is kept to be in foundation pit Middle state, the state for keeping push plate oil cylinder to retract put down baffle, and box body switch door is closed, and start the terminal, compression mechanism The top that oil cylinder is moved to compression bin is pushed by pressure head, loose rubbish is poured into compression from the opening of compression cylinder lower part Storehouse, pressure head Repeated Compression rubbish under the drive of compression cylinder, until loose garbage-compressing is blocky at standard;Again by baffle liter It rises, compressed blocky rubbish is pushed into storage warehouse by push plate oil cylinder, and first piece of executing garbage compression finishes;Push plate oil cylinder is retracted again, Baffle is put down, compression cylinder rises, loose rubbish is poured into compression bin from the opening of compression cylinder lower part, carries out second piece of rubbish The compression of rubbish block;Repeat above procedure, until cabinet in fill compressed executing garbage, restart swing-bar mechanism, by pull rod, First telescopic oil cylinder and big swing rod collective effect, by the box body lifting to certain altitude, and are translated, and are opened cabinet and are opened It closes the door, docks it with transfer car box body, start push plate oil cylinder, sailed out of after compressed executing garbage is pushed into transfer car(buggy), it is described Garbage transfer station is re-closing off switch gate, drops in foundation pit, starts to carry out next work flow.
In addition, the water of compression mechanism may be implemented in the mobile pressure head of vertical compression garbage transfer station in technical scheme Translation is dynamic, while also may be implemented to present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme in compression mechanism vertically moves, so that workflow becomes more flexible, such as It compresses in flow chart, can also use following below scheme: in the course of work of mobile pressure head, compression mechanism can pass through pressure head The top that oil cylinder is moved to compression bin is pushed, then is presented a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme by compression cylinder drive and carries out Repeated Compression, until loose rubbish The executing garbage with certain density is formed, compression cylinder drives withdrawal of presenting a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme, and compression mechanism pushes oil cylinder by pressure head and is moved to Above storage warehouse, above-mentioned compression is repeated;Repeatedly, blocking up to compressing the intracorporal rubbish of case, then carry out disposable Release, simplify workflow, improve garbage-compressing efficiency.
Compared with prior art, detailed description are as follows by the application: the garbage transfer station of technical scheme uses The mode of swing-bar mechanism is set on cabinet, avoids the use of big pillar construction, greatly improves safety, can be used 18.5kW's Small machine reduces energy consumption;Mobile pressure head can be realized simultaneously to be moved horizontally and vertical compression, and the process of garbage-compressing is simplified, Structure is simple, and circulation time is short, greatly reduces the time of garbage-compressing, improves the efficiency of garbage-compressing, improves simultaneously Flexibility in garbage-compressing work;Compression ratio can reach 1:4, and compressed executing garbage weight is full up to 6-10 tons/block The garbage disposal demand of the big-and-middle small city of foot, Large town, can substantially reduce the expense of rubbish long-distance transport, when saving a large amount of Between and equipment investment, reduce labor intensity.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is herein described vertical compression garbage transfer station in the structural perspective in foundation pit;
Fig. 2 is structural perspective of the herein described vertical compression garbage transfer station under raised configuration.
Specific embodiment
It is right combined with specific embodiments below in order to make those skilled in the art more fully understand technical solution of the present invention The present invention is described in further detail, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than complete The embodiment in portion.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is vertical compression garbage transfer station in the structural perspective in foundation pit, the vertical compression garbage transfer It stands in non-working condition;Fig. 2 is structural perspective of the vertical compression garbage transfer station under raised configuration, wherein mobile pressure Head is moved to the top of compression bin, and cart hopper removes, and swing-bar mechanism makes garbage transfer station be in raised configuration.
A kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station as shown in Figure 1, including foundation pit 1, and the cabinet 2 in foundation pit 1, institute Stating garbage transfer station further includes mobile pressure head 3, rushing board mechanism 4, swing-bar mechanism 5, and the mobile pressure head 3 is set to the cabinet 2 Upper front end, the rushing board mechanism 4 is set to inside the cabinet 2, including push plate oil cylinder 6, push plate 7, the push plate oil cylinder 6 Both ends are separately connected 2 front inner wall of cabinet and push plate 7, and the swing-bar mechanism 5 is separately connected the foundation pit 1 and the cabinet 2。
Wherein, the swing-bar mechanism 5 includes pull rod 8, the first telescopic oil cylinder 9, big swing rod 10, described 8 one end of pull rod and institute The front end for stating cabinet 2 is hinged, and the other end is hinged with the first support 11 for being located at 1 bottom of foundation pit, is also connected on the pull rod 8 There is the second telescopic oil cylinder 12;Described first telescopic oil cylinder, 9 one end and the middle part of the big swing rod 10 are hinged, the other end be located at institute The second support 13 for stating 1 bottom of foundation pit is hinged;Described 10 one end of big swing rod and 2 middle part of the cabinet are hinged, the other end be located at The third support 14 of 1 inner wall of foundation pit is hinged;Wherein, the third support 14 is located in the foundation pit 1 at 2 rear end of cabinet Wall top;First support 11 is respectively positioned on the latter half of of 1 bottom of foundation pit with second support 13.
Wherein, the mobile pressure head 3 include pressure head push oil cylinder 15, compression mechanism 16, the compression mechanism 16 with it is described Pressure head pushes oil cylinder 15 and is fixedly connected, and the compression mechanism 16 includes compression cylinder 17, presents a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme 18, and described present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme 18 is connected to institute State 17 end of compression cylinder, the pressure head pushes the long axis that oil cylinder 15 is parallel to the cabinet 2, the compression cylinder 17 perpendicular to The long axis of the cabinet 2 is provided with 2 the first sliding rails 19 for being parallel to 2 long axis of cabinet between the mobile pressure head 3 and cabinet 2, The pressure head push oil cylinder 15 one end and first sliding rail 19 end it is hinged, be additionally provided on the mobile pressure head 3 to Few 2 pulleys 20, the pulley 20 are located on first sliding rail 19, and the mobile pressure head 3 further includes at least 2 guide posts (not shown), the guide post (not shown) 18 are vertically arranged with described present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme.
Wherein, baffle 22 is additionally provided in the middle part of the cabinet 2, the baffle 22 is vertical with the long axis of the cabinet 2, by institute It states cabinet 2 and is separated into compression bin 23 and storage warehouse 24, the baffle 22 and the second sliding rail (figure being located on 2 inner wall of cabinet In be not shown) connection, for realizing the lifting of the baffle 22,2 top of cabinet is additionally provided with cart hopper 25, the case 2 rear end of body is additionally provided with switch gate 26, and the switch gate 26 passes through hydraulic control.
The workflow of herein described vertical compression garbage transfer station are as follows: state as shown in Figure 1 keeps cabinet 2 to be in In foundation pit 1, push plate oil cylinder 6 is kept to retract, put down baffle 22, the switch gate 26 of cabinet 2 is closed, and is started the terminal, is compressed Mechanism 16 pushes the top that oil cylinder 15 is moved to compression bin 23 by pressure head, by loose rubbish opening from 17 lower part of compression cylinder Mouthful pour into compression bin 23, present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme 18 under the drive of compression cylinder 17 Repeated Compression rubbish, until by loose garbage-compressing at mark It is quasi- blocky;Baffle 22 is risen again, compressed blocky rubbish is pushed into storage warehouse 24, first piece of executing garbage pressure by push plate oil cylinder 6 Contracting finishes;Push plate oil cylinder 6 is retracted again, puts down baffle 22, and compression cylinder 17 rises, by loose rubbish from 6 lower part of compression cylinder Opening pour into compression bin 23, carry out the compression of second piece of executing garbage;Above procedure is repeated, until after filling compression in cabinet 2 Executing garbage.Restart swing-bar mechanism 5, by 10 collective effect of pull rod 8, the first telescopic oil cylinder 9 and big swing rod, by the case Body 2 is lifted to certain altitude, and is translated, state as shown in Figure 2, opens the switch gate 26 of cabinet 2, makes itself and transhipment railway carriage Body docking, starts push plate oil cylinder 6, sails out of after compressed executing garbage is pushed into transfer car(buggy), the garbage transfer station is re-closing off Switch gate 26 drops in foundation pit 1, state as shown in Figure 1, starts to carry out next work flow.
In the compression flow chart of above-mentioned vertical compression garbage transfer station, following below scheme can also be used: in mobile pressure head 3 The course of work in, compression mechanism 16 can push oil cylinder 15 by pressure head and be moved to the top of compression bin 23, then pass through compression Oil cylinder 17 drives 18 carry out Repeated Compressions of presenting a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme, until loose rubbish forms the executing garbage with certain density, compression cylinder 17 drive 18 withdrawals of presenting a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme, and compression mechanism 16 pushes oil cylinder 15 by pressure head and is moved to 24 top of storage warehouse, repeat above-mentioned pressure Contracting;Repeatedly, blocking up to compressing the rubbish in cabinet 2, then disposably released, workflow is simplified, Improve garbage-compressing efficiency.
Work efficiency is high for above-mentioned vertical compression garbage transfer station, and compression ratio can reach 1:4, compressed executing garbage weight It measures up to 6-10 tons/block, meets the garbage disposal demand of big-and-middle small city, Large town.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that above-mentioned preferred embodiment is not construed as pair Limitation of the invention, protection scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope defined by the claims..For the art For those of ordinary skill, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these change It also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention into retouching.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station, including foundation pit, and the cabinet in foundation pit, it is characterised in that: the rubbish Rubbish terminal further includes mobile pressure head, rushing board mechanism, swing-bar mechanism;The mobile pressure head is set on the front end of the cabinet Portion, the mobile pressure head include that pressure head pushes oil cylinder, compression mechanism, and the compression mechanism and the pressure head push the fixed company of oil cylinder It connects;The rushing board mechanism is set to the box house, including push plate oil cylinder, push plate, and push plate oil cylinder both ends are separately connected The cabinet front inner wall and push plate;The swing-bar mechanism is separately connected the foundation pit and the cabinet;
Wherein, the swing-bar mechanism includes pull rod, the first telescopic oil cylinder, big swing rod, before described pull rod one end and the cabinet End is hinged, and the other end and the first support for being located at the bottom of foundation ditch are hinged;It is put on described first telescopic oil cylinder one end The middle part of bar is hinged, and the other end and the second support for being located at the bottom of foundation ditch are hinged;Described big swing rod one end and the cabinet Middle part is hinged, and the other end and the third support for being located at the foundation pit inner wall are hinged;
The third support is located at the foundation pit upper inside wall at the box back;First support and second support are equal Positioned at the latter half of of the bottom of foundation ditch.
2. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be also connected on the pull rod Second telescopic oil cylinder.
3. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the compression mechanism includes pressure Contracting oil cylinder is presented a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme, and described present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme is connected to the compression cylinder end, and the pressure head pushes the length that oil cylinder is parallel to the cabinet Axis, long axis of the compression cylinder perpendicular to the cabinet.
4. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the mobile pressure head and cabinet Between be provided at least 1 the first sliding rail for being parallel to cabinet long axis, the pressure head pushes one end of oil cylinder and described first sliding The end of rail is hinged.
5. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: also set on the mobile pressure head It is equipped at least two pulley, the pulley is located on first sliding rail.
6. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the mobile pressure head further includes At least 2 guide posts, the guide post are vertically arranged with described present a theatrical performance as the last item on a programme.
7. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also set up in the middle part of the cabinet Have baffle, the baffle is vertical with the long axis of the cabinet, the cabinet is separated into compression bin and storage warehouse, the baffle with The second sliding rail connection on the cabinet wall, for realizing the lifting of the baffle.
8. a kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cabinet top is also set up There is cart hopper, the box back is additionally provided with switch gate, and the switch gate passes through hydraulic control.
CN201610670375.8A 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 A kind of vertical compression garbage transfer station Active CN106115142B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107442547A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-08 陕西舜洋电子科技有限公司 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle compression landfill equipment
CN110615215B (en) * 2019-09-03 2022-04-01 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Buried garbage compression equipment and garbage compression method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004224375A (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-12 Jfe Plant & Service Corp Compression packing machine and compression packing method
CN202106566U (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-01-11 孙朝琼 Rubbish blocking machine capable of horizontally and vertically compressing and integrally hoisting rubbish
CN203699112U (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-07-09 龚正文 Integral type vertical rubbish compressor
CN104627589B (en) * 2015-01-30 2017-09-29 四川南骏汽车集团有限公司 A kind of lowering or hoisting gear for trash compactor
CN205255555U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-25 湖北贝利莱机械设备有限公司 Pressure head translation pressure formula rubbish compressor that hangs down
CN205972592U (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-02-22 四川泓江美欣环卫科技有限公司 Compress rubbish transfer station perpendicularly

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