CN106114811A - A kind of sounding balloon - Google Patents

A kind of sounding balloon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106114811A
CN106114811A CN201610601608.9A CN201610601608A CN106114811A CN 106114811 A CN106114811 A CN 106114811A CN 201610601608 A CN201610601608 A CN 201610601608A CN 106114811 A CN106114811 A CN 106114811A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sounding balloon
controller
air bag
motor
pressure
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610601608.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
禹胜林
Original Assignee
无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 filed Critical 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司
Priority to CN201610601608.9A priority Critical patent/CN106114811A/en
Publication of CN106114811A publication Critical patent/CN106114811A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64BLIGHTER-THAN AIR AIRCRAFT
    • B64B1/00Lighter-than-air aircraft
    • B64B1/40Balloons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64BLIGHTER-THAN AIR AIRCRAFT
    • B64B1/00Lighter-than-air aircraft
    • B64B1/58Arrangements or construction of gas-bags; Filling arrangements
    • B64B1/62Controlling gas pressure, heating, cooling, or discharging gas
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01WMETEOROLOGY
    • G01W1/00Meteorology
    • G01W1/08Adaptations of balloons, missiles, or aircraft for meteorological purposes; Radiosondes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sounding balloon, including being filled with the air bag of hydrogen and helium, also include inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly and controller, controller is connected with inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly respectively.Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: overcome sounding balloon during lift-off, in ball, pressure is increasing, the defect easily burst, in sounding balloon removal process, owing to letting slip gas before, buoyancy reduces, adding the heavy burden of meteorological data measurement apparatus, the speed of decline can be increasingly faster, there is the danger fallen, the pressure signal that controller feeds back according to built in pressure sensor and off-board pressure transducer, opening motor, motor-driven screw wing provides for sounding balloon and compensates power, prevents from crashing.

Description

A kind of sounding balloon

Technical field

The invention belongs to meteorological equipment field, relate to a kind of sounding balloon.

Background technology

Aerological sounding is that the sonde carried by sounding balloon carries out aerological data acquisition, and sounding balloon leads to Cross employing hydrogen or helium as filling gas;

China (vaisala company of import Finland AUTOSONDE system), all of aerological in addition to the meteorological station of one, Hong Kong Detection side stage station, the inflation of sounding balloon, it is manual operations.The most only America and Europe waits a few developed country to be equipped with Unmanned aerological sounding station.Up to the present, can develop Atmospheric Survey automatically fill, the country of ball device of exitting only sweet smell Blue.Realizing unmanned aerological sounding, first have to solution is not only sounding balloon automatic inflating, the most also sounding balloon Automatic constant-pressure aerofluxus;

Sounding balloon is the stratospheric important tool of human research, serves important in meteorology development and weather forecast work Effect;Sounding balloon typically carries all kinds of radiosonde or the lift-off of other electronic equipments, is accomplishing that sounding balloon fills automatically While gas, the automatic aerofluxus limit for height of sounding balloon to be accomplished and speed limit;

Because in atmospheric environment, particularly high-altitude, its air pressure size and air-flow is and instability, the gas in sounding balloon Body pressure is the highest, add sounding balloon itself inflation after, air bag wall can ratio relatively thin, if balloon is at uphill process always In, if balloon internal gas pressure not being adjusted, it is easy to rupture because air pressure change is excessive, cause sonde etc. expensive The damage of barytron equipment, even can occur irretrievable situation, and sounding balloon is after being discharged in the air simultaneously, if passed through Adjust air pressure the buoyancy of sounding balloon is adjusted, it may occur that the situation that sounding balloon rises always, if be not controlled by, It is difficult to ensure that balloon is positioned at optimal observed altitude, if balloon rises simultaneously always, finally not only result in sounding balloon Rupture, simultaneously as upper air current speed, be also easy to occur the loss of sounding balloon;In order to prevent sending out of above-mentioned situation Raw, the relief valve of and electronic altimeter linkage typically can be installed in sounding balloon, the pressure of balloon is controlled;

Refer to a kind of callable sounding balloon in ZL201220732719.0, its recovery prevents mainly by cord control Its range of activity, although the height of restriction sounding balloon that can be good by cord, but also significantly limit sounding balloon Activity space, and cord itself is easier fracture occurs or is wound around, it is easy to sounding balloon and mutually powered-down occurs The loss of subset;

ZL200920044465.1 proposes a set of sounding balloon automatically reclaim, the device of automatic inflating, automatic evacuation, although It eliminates these parts of cord compared to the sounding balloon in priority patent document, is exaggerated the activity space of sounding balloon, Improve the control ability to sounding balloon by the cooperation of the air pressure of some balloons and guiding driving equipment and sensor simultaneously, But the mass ratio of electronic equipment own is relatively big, bring certain test, the simultaneously gas in high-altitude can to the load capacity of sounding balloon Temperature ratio is relatively low, it is difficult to ensure that can these sensors normally work, once sensor occurs malfunctioning, still can cause sounding balloon Out of control, lose or lose, bring certain maintenance load to observation station.

Existing sounding balloon majority only considered after rising to certain altitude, and ball internal gas pressure is too high, needs venting, but When but not accounting for reclaiming, the air pressure in ball is too low, easily falls.

Summary of the invention

The present invention need the problem solved be for above-mentioned prior art do not account for venting after reclaim and easily fall not Foot, and provide the one can be with automatic deflation, and the sounding balloon that will not fall when reclaiming after venting.

For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

A kind of sounding balloon, including being filled with the air bag of hydrogen and helium, also include inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly and Controller, controller is connected with inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly respectively;

Inflation venting assembly includes charge and discharge QI KOU, electromagnetic valve, built in pressure sensor, off-board pressure transducer, electromagnetic valve, built-in Pressure transducer and off-board pressure transducer are all connected with controller, and charge and discharge QI KOU is located on air bag, and charge and discharge QI KOU is provided with electricity Magnet valve, built in pressure sensor is located in air bag, and off-board pressure transducer is located at outside air bag;

Power compensation assembly includes motor and screw wing, and motor is fixed on the lower section of air bag by installing rack, and screw wing is pacified Being contained in the drive shaft of motor, motor is connected with controller;

Described controller, for receiving built in pressure sensor and the pressure signal of off-board pressure transducer transmission, and according to The change control electromagnetic valve of inside and outside differential pressure or opening or closing of motor.

Protection network it is coated with on air bag.

Air bag is provided with solar panel and accumulator, and solar panel converts solar energy into electric energy, and stores In accumulator, then it is motor, controller and solenoid valve by accumulator.

Screw wing is made up of titanium alloy material.

The diameter of screw wing is less than or equal to the diameter of air bag.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

1, overcome sounding balloon lift-off during, in ball, pressure is increasing, the defect easily burst, by controller, Cooperate between electromagnetic valve, built in pressure sensor and off-board pressure transducer, it is achieved automatic discharging pressure, it is possible to be prevented effectively from gas Capsule causes because air pressure inside is excessive rupturing.

2, in sounding balloon removal process, owing to letting slip gas before, buoyancy reduces, and adds meteorological data measurement apparatus Heavy burden, the speed of decline can be increasingly faster, and there is the danger fallen, built in pressure sensor and off-board pressure transducer will pressure Force signal sends controller to, and when inside and outside differential pressure is less than preset value, motor opened by controller, and motor-driven screw wing is for visiting Air balls provides and compensates power, prevents from crashing.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the sounding balloon of the present invention;

Wherein, 1-air bag, 2-charge and discharge QI KOU, 3-electromagnetic valve, 4-built in pressure sensor, 5-off-board pressure transducer, 6-is electronic Machine, 7-screw wing.

Detailed description of the invention

In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, only with The basic structure of the illustration explanation present invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant with the present invention.

As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of sounding balloon, including being filled with the air bag of hydrogen and helium, also include inflation venting assembly and Power compensation assembly and controller, controller is connected with inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly respectively;

Inflation venting assembly includes charge and discharge QI KOU, electromagnetic valve, built in pressure sensor, off-board pressure transducer, electromagnetic valve, built-in Pressure transducer and off-board pressure transducer are all connected with controller, and charge and discharge QI KOU is located on air bag, and charge and discharge QI KOU is provided with electricity Magnet valve, built in pressure sensor is located in air bag, and off-board pressure transducer is located at outside air bag;

Power compensation assembly includes motor and screw wing, and motor is fixed on the lower section of air bag by installing rack, and screw wing is pacified Being contained in the drive shaft of motor, motor is connected with controller;

Described controller, for receiving built in pressure sensor and the pressure signal of off-board pressure transducer transmission, and according to The change control electromagnetic valve of inside and outside differential pressure or opening or closing of motor.

Protection network it is coated with on air bag.

Air bag is provided with solar panel and accumulator, and solar panel converts solar energy into electric energy, and stores In accumulator, then it is motor, controller and solenoid valve by accumulator.

Screw wing is made up of titanium alloy material.

The diameter of screw wing is less than or equal to the diameter of air bag.

During use:

Sounding balloon is during lift-off, and in ball, pressure is increasing, the defect easily burst, built in pressure sensor and external Pressure transducer sends pressure signal to controller, and when inside and outside differential pressure exceedes preset value, electromagnetic valve opened by controller, it is achieved from Dynamic row pressure, during inside and outside differential pressure to preset value, controller cuts out electromagnetic valve, it is possible to is prevented effectively from air bag and leads because air pressure inside is excessive Cause ruptures.

Sounding balloon is in removal process, and owing to letting slip gas before, buoyancy reduces, and adds meteorological data measurement apparatus Bear a heavy burden, so during declining, the speed of decline can be increasingly faster, there is the danger fallen, built in pressure sensor and Pressure signal is sent to controller by off-board pressure transducer, and when inside and outside differential pressure is less than preset value, motor opened by controller, electricity Motivation drives screw wing to provide for sounding balloon and compensates power, prevents from crashing.

With the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the present invention for enlightenment, by above-mentioned description, relevant staff is complete Entirely can carry out various change and amendment in the range of without departing from this invention technological thought.The technology of this invention The content that property scope is not limited in description, it is necessary to determine its technical scope according to right.

Claims (5)

1. a sounding balloon, including the air bag being filled with hydrogen and helium, it is characterised in that: also include inflation venting assembly and move Force compensating assembly and controller, controller is connected with inflation venting assembly and power compensation assembly respectively;
Inflation venting assembly includes charge and discharge QI KOU, electromagnetic valve, built in pressure sensor, off-board pressure transducer, electromagnetic valve, built-in Pressure transducer and off-board pressure transducer are all connected with controller, and charge and discharge QI KOU is located on air bag, and charge and discharge QI KOU is provided with electricity Magnet valve, built in pressure sensor is located in air bag, and off-board pressure transducer is located at outside air bag;
Power compensation assembly includes motor and screw wing, and motor is fixed on the lower section of air bag by installing rack, and screw wing is pacified Being contained in the drive shaft of motor, motor is connected with controller;
Described controller, for receiving built in pressure sensor and the pressure signal of off-board pressure transducer transmission, and according to The change control electromagnetic valve of inside and outside differential pressure or opening or closing of motor.
Sounding balloon the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is coated with protection network on air bag.
Sounding balloon the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: air bag is provided with solar panel and accumulator, Solar panel converts solar energy into electric energy, and is stored in accumulator, then is motor, controller and electricity by accumulator Solenoid valve.
Sounding balloon the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: screw wing is made up of titanium alloy material.
Sounding balloon the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the diameter of screw wing is less than or equal to the diameter of air bag.
CN201610601608.9A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of sounding balloon CN106114811A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610601608.9A CN106114811A (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of sounding balloon

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610601608.9A CN106114811A (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of sounding balloon

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106114811A true CN106114811A (en) 2016-11-16

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107300444A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-27 哈尔滨工业大学 The spheric balloon burst pressure predictor method being spliced by fabric panel

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1327580B1 (en) * 2002-01-15 2006-03-29 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method and system for setting hull parameter of airship and method of adjusting ascension rate of the same
US20090072082A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2009-03-19 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Propulsion system for an airship or hybrid aircraft
CN201350970Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-25 北京龙圣联成航空科技有限公司 Pressure control device for airship capsule
CN101723082A (en) * 2009-12-22 2010-06-09 易思海 Flying method of airship and novel airship
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1327580B1 (en) * 2002-01-15 2006-03-29 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method and system for setting hull parameter of airship and method of adjusting ascension rate of the same
US20090072082A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2009-03-19 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Propulsion system for an airship or hybrid aircraft
CN201350970Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-25 北京龙圣联成航空科技有限公司 Pressure control device for airship capsule
CN101723082A (en) * 2009-12-22 2010-06-09 易思海 Flying method of airship and novel airship
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107300444A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-27 哈尔滨工业大学 The spheric balloon burst pressure predictor method being spliced by fabric panel

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Application publication date: 20161116