CN106114278A - A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and method of supplying power to thereof - Google Patents

A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and method of supplying power to thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106114278A
CN106114278A CN201610777407.4A CN201610777407A CN106114278A CN 106114278 A CN106114278 A CN 106114278A CN 201610777407 A CN201610777407 A CN 201610777407A CN 106114278 A CN106114278 A CN 106114278A
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China
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described
super
capacitor component
component
assembly
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CN201610777407.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106114278B (en
Inventor
郭秋明
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郭秋明
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K7/00Disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel
    • B60K7/0007Disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel the motor being electric
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • B60L58/21Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules having the same nominal voltage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L8/00Electric propulsion with power supply from forces of nature, e.g. sun or wind
    • B60L8/006Converting flow of air into electric energy, e.g. by using wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7022Capacitors, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7077Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7083Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle with the energy being of renewable origin

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and method of supplying power to thereof, supercapacitor electric vehicle includes car body, accumulator cell assembly and driving assembly, described accumulator cell assembly electrically connects with described driving assembly, described driving Component driver body movement, also include electrification component, the first super-capacitor component, the second super-capacitor component and control transition components, described electrification component, driving assembly all electrically connect with described control transition components, and described control transition components electrically connects with described first super-capacitor component, the second super-capacitor component and accumulator cell assembly respectively.A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle of the present invention and method of supplying power to thereof, reclaimed by the energy when electric automobile during traveling, the energy of recovery is reused and is used for driving electric automobile, substantially increase the utilization ratio of energy, extend the course continuation mileage of electric automobile, green low-carbon, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Description

A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and method of supplying power to thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to electric vehicle engineering field, particularly relate to a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and method of supplying power to thereof.

Background technology

Along with country widelys popularize, electric automobile is gradually popularized.In existing electric automobile industry, it has green energy The advantage such as source, environmental protection, pollution-free, emission are zero, noise is little so that electric automobile is compared with traditional fuel power automobile There is advantage clearly.But, the shortcoming of electric automobile it is also obvious that existing electric automobile is in order to increase course continuation mileage, Its configuration design is simple, lightweight, causes security performance poor, and particularly a lot of electric automobiles utilize cabinet to subtract mostly Weight amount, and be short of power, driver is usually worried because travelling electricity deficiency in way, and the life of storage battery is shorter, Add the driving cost of user.

For this reason, it may be necessary to develop a kind of new electric automobile, to overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of super capacitor is electronic Automobile and method of supplying power to thereof.

The technical scheme is that

According to one aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, including car body, accumulator cell assembly and Driving assembly, described accumulator cell assembly electrically connects with described driving assembly, described driving Component driver body movement, also includes sending out Electricity assembly, the first super-capacitor component, the second super-capacitor component and control transition components, described electrification component, driving assembly All electrically connect with described control transition components, described control transition components respectively with described first super-capacitor component, the second surpass Level capacitance component and accumulator cell assembly electrical connection.

Described electrification component is for the generating when described body movement and by electrical power storage to described first super capacitor group In part or the second super-capacitor component;Described first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component, one of which is used for depositing Storing up the electric energy of described electrification component conversion, another group is for for driving assembly to provide electric energy, and super-capacitor component described in two groups Control according to described control transition components can synchronism switching charging and discharging state;Described control transition components is used for receiving power supply choosing Select order, and select described accumulator cell assembly or super-capacitor component as electrical source of power according to power supply select command, and work as institute When stating super-capacitor component as electrical source of power, control the charging and discharging state switching of super-capacitor component described in two groups.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle of the present invention, by when electric automobile during traveling Energy reclaim, the energy of recovery is reused and is used for driving electric automobile, substantially increase energy utilization effect Rate, extends the course continuation mileage of electric automobile, green low-carbon, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do and improve as follows:

Further: described electrification component includes wind power generation assembly, described wind power generation assembly and described control conversion group Part electrically connects;Described wind power generation assembly is arranged in the air-inlet grille of described car body, and during described body movement, described wind energy Electrification component electrical power generators, and by described control transition components electric energy stored to the first super-capacitor component or the second surpass In level capacitance component.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: when can utilize electric vehicle motion by described wind power generation assembly The windage generating that air causes relative to flow faster, is converted into electric energy by the energy overcoming windage during body movement and deposits In storage extremely described first super-capacitor component or the second super-capacitor component.

Further: described electrification component also includes that four hub-generating assemblies and bearing electromotor, four described wheel hubs are sent out Electricity assembly is correspondingly arranged at four wheel hub of car body respectively, and described bearing electromotor is arranged on the back axle rotating shaft of described car body On, and during described body movement, four described hub-generating assemblies and bearing electromotor all generate electricity, and control conversion by described Electric energy is stored to the first super-capacitor component or the second super-capacitor component by assembly.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: can pass through wheel hub when body movement by described hub generator Rotation with back axle rotating shaft generates electricity, and is stored by the electric energy of conversion to described first super-capacitor component or the second super capacitor group In part, improve the organic efficiency of energy.

Further: described control transition components includes PLC, the first switch unit and the second switch unit, described PLC is respectively Electrically connecting with described accumulator cell assembly, the first switch unit and the second switch unit, described first switch unit is respectively with described Driving assembly and electrification component electrical connection, described second switch unit electrically connects with described driving assembly and electrification component respectively.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: can realize described first super electricity by described control assembly of walking around Hold the synchronism switching of the charging and discharging state of assembly and the second super-capacitor component so that be in the super capacitor group of discharge condition Automatically switch to charged state during part electricity deficiency, and the super-capacitor component being in charged state switched to discharge condition, Make two groups of super-capacitor component seamless switching linkings, and electric automobile offer power supply is provided.

Further: described first switch unit includes the first inverter circuit, the first rectification circuit, the first catalyst and second Catalyst, the input of described first inverter circuit electrically connects with described first super-capacitor component, outfan and described first Catalyst electrically connects, and described first catalyst electrically connects with described driving assembly and PLC respectively, and it is defeated that the first rectification circuit is distinguished Going out end to electrically connect with described second super-capacitor component and input, input electrically connects with described second catalyst, and described the Two catalysts electrically connect with described electrification component and PLC respectively;Described second switch unit includes the second inverter circuit, second whole Current circuit, the 3rd catalyst and the 4th catalyst, the input of described second inverter circuit and described second super-capacitor component Electrical connection, outfan electrically connects with described 3rd catalyst, and described 3rd catalyst is electrically connected with described driving assembly and PLC respectively Connecing, the outfan of the second rectification circuit electrically connects with described first super-capacitor component, input and described 4th catalyst electricity Connecting, described 4th catalyst electrically connects with described electrification component and PLC respectively.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: by described first switch unit and the second switch unit so that Charging and discharging state between described first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component switches freely, it is to avoid in switching charge and discharge Power supply vacuum state occurs during electricity condition so that electric automobile runs more smoothly.

Further: described control transition components also includes that observation circuit, described observation circuit are connected to described driving assembly And between described PLC, for detecting the driving electric current of described driving assembly and being sent to PLC, and when described observation circuit detects Electric current less than when setting threshold value, described PLC controls to be in the first super-capacitor component or second super-capacitor component of electric discharge Switch charging and discharging state with the first super-capacitor component or the second super-capacitor component being in charged state simultaneously.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: can detect described driving assembly in real time by described observation circuit Drive electric current, and extrapolate the electricity of the super-capacitor component being in discharge condition according to described driving electric current, it is simple to follow-up Switching charging and discharging state during the electricity deficiency of the super-capacitor component being in discharge condition, strengthens the safety driven.

Further: the first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component all include multiple super capacitor being serially connected And equalizer circuit, the head and the tail two ends of described equalizer circuit multiple described super capacitor after concatenation in parallel.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: owing to the voltage typically ratio of single super capacitor is relatively low, it is impossible to drive The driving assembly of electric automobile, can increase described first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component by the way Voltage and storing electricity, it is simple to provide longer course continuation mileage for electric automobile, can overcome many by described equalizer circuit Individual super capacitor series connection after on super capacitor the discordance of voltage.

Further: described driving assembly includes driving motor and becoming differential mechanism, and described driving motor controls conversion with described Assembly electrically connects, and described driving motor is in transmission connection with described change differential mechanism, and described change differential mechanism is arranged on described car body On back axle and drive vehicle wheel rotation.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: can be according to driver's by described driving motor and change differential mechanism Demand manipulation automobile, changes kinestate and the movement velocity of automobile, strengthens driving experience.

According to another aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to, including walking as follows Rapid:

Step 1: start and initialize, accepts the power supply select command of outside input, and according to described power supply select command control Accumulator cell assembly processed or two groups of super-capacitor component are as the electrical source of power of electric automobile;

Step 2: during electric automobile during traveling, is generated electricity by electrification component and stores the electric energy that generating produces to one of which In described super-capacitor component;

Wherein when super-capacitor component described in two groups is as the electrical source of power of electric automobile, control the super electricity of one of which Hold assembly be in discharge condition and provide power supply for electric automobile;And another described super-capacitor component of group is to described electrification component The electric energy that generating produces stores.

A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to of the present invention, by accumulator cell assembly and super-capacitor component two kinds Mode provides power supply for electric automobile, and the energy when electric automobile during traveling reclaims, the energy recycling that will reclaim And be used for driving electric automobile, substantially increase the utilization ratio of energy, extend the course continuation mileage of electric automobile, green low Carbon, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do and improve as follows:

Further: in described step 2, also the electricity of the described super-capacitor component being in discharge condition is monitored, And it is same less than controlling super capacitor described in two groups when setting threshold value being in the electricity of described super-capacitor component of discharge condition Time switching charging and discharging state;Wherein, the electric quantity monitoring of described super-capacitor component of discharge condition it is in by detecting electricity in real time The driving electric current driving assembly of electrical automobile realizes.

Above-mentioned further scheme provides the benefit that: can detect in real time by the way and be in the described of discharge condition The electricity of super-capacitor component, and automatically switch less than when setting threshold value at its electricity so that two groups of super-capacitor component are seamless Switching linking, and electric automobile offer power supply is provided.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle structural representation one of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle structural representation two of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to schematic flow sheet of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Being described principle and the feature of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example is served only for explaining the present invention, and Non-for limiting the scope of the present invention.

Embodiment one, a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, below in conjunction with the Fig. 1 and 2 super electricity of one to the present embodiment Hold electric automobile to describe in detail.

As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, including car body, accumulator cell assembly and driving assembly, described electric power storage Pond assembly electrically connects with described driving assembly, described driving Component driver body movement, it is characterised in that: also include generating set Part, the first super-capacitor component, the second super-capacitor component and control transition components, described electrification component, drive assembly all with Described control transition components electrically connect, described control transition components respectively with described first super-capacitor component, the second super electricity Hold assembly and accumulator cell assembly electrical connection.

Described electrification component is for the generating when described body movement and by electrical power storage to described first super capacitor group In part or the second super-capacitor component;Described first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component, one of which is used for depositing Storing up the electric energy of described electrification component conversion, another group is for for driving assembly to provide electric energy, and super-capacitor component described in two groups Control according to described control transition components can synchronism switching charging and discharging state;Described control transition components is used for receiving power supply choosing Select order, and select described accumulator cell assembly or super-capacitor component as electrical source of power according to power supply select command, and work as institute When stating super-capacitor component as electrical source of power, control the charging and discharging state switching of super-capacitor component described in two groups.

In the present embodiment, described electrification component includes that wind power generation assembly, described wind power generation assembly turn with described control Change assembly electrical connection;Described wind power generation assembly is arranged in the air-inlet grille of described car body, and during described body movement, described Wind power generation assembly electrical power generators, and by described control transition components, electric energy is stored to described first super-capacitor component Or second in super-capacitor component.Can utilize electric vehicle motion space-time gas phase that flowing is added by described wind power generation assembly Fast and the windage generating that causes, is converted into the energy overcoming windage during body movement electric energy storing and the first surpasses to described In level capacitance component or the second super-capacitor component.

Preferably, described electrification component also includes that four hub-generating assemblies and bearing electromotor, four described wheel hubs are sent out Electricity assembly is correspondingly arranged at four wheel hub of car body respectively, and described bearing electromotor is arranged on the back axle rotating shaft of described car body On, and during described body movement, four described hub-generating assemblies and bearing electromotor all generate electricity, and control conversion by described Electric energy is stored to the first super-capacitor component or the second super-capacitor component by assembly.Can be by described hub generator Generated electricity by the rotation of wheel hub and back axle rotating shaft during body movement, and the electric energy of conversion is stored to described first super capacitor group In part or the second super-capacitor component, improve the organic efficiency of energy.

As in figure 2 it is shown, in the present embodiment, described control transition components includes that PLC, the first switch unit and the second switching are single Unit, described PLC electrically connects with described accumulator cell assembly, the first switch unit and the second switch unit respectively, described first switching Unit electrically connects with described driving assembly and electrification component respectively, described second switch unit respectively with described driving assembly and send out Electricity assembly electrical connection.Described first super-capacitor component and the second super capacitor group can be realized by described control assembly of walking around The synchronism switching of the charging and discharging state of part so that automatically switch to when being in the super-capacitor component electricity deficiency of discharge condition Charged state, and the super-capacitor component being in charged state is switched to discharge condition so that two groups of super-capacitor component without Linking is changed in seaming and cutting, and is continuously electric automobile offer power supply.

In the present embodiment: described first switch unit includes the first inverter circuit, the first rectification circuit, the first catalyst With the second catalyst, the input of described first inverter circuit electrically connects with described first super-capacitor component, outfan and institute Stating the first catalyst electrical connection, described first catalyst electrically connects with described driving assembly and PLC respectively, and the first rectification circuit divides Other outfan electrically connects with described second super-capacitor component and input, and input electrically connects with described second catalyst, Described second catalyst electrically connects with described electrification component and PLC respectively;Described second switch unit include the second inverter circuit, Second rectification circuit, the 3rd catalyst and the 4th catalyst, the input of described second inverter circuit and described second super electricity Hold assembly electrical connection, outfan electrically connects with described 3rd catalyst, described 3rd catalyst respectively with described driving assembly and PLC electrically connects, and the outfan of the second rectification circuit electrically connects with described first super-capacitor component, and input connects with the described 4th Tentaculum electrically connects, and described 4th catalyst electrically connects with described electrification component and PLC respectively.

By described first switch unit and the second switch unit so that described first super-capacitor component and second Charging and discharging state between super-capacitor component switches freely, it is to avoid power supply vacuum state occur when switching charging and discharging state, Electric automobile is run more smoothly.

Preferably, described control transition components also includes that observation circuit, described observation circuit are connected to described driving assembly And between described PLC, for detecting the driving electric current of described driving assembly and being sent to PLC, and when described observation circuit detects Electric current less than when setting threshold value, described PLC controls to be in the first super-capacitor component or second super-capacitor component of electric discharge Switch charging and discharging state with the first super-capacitor component or the second super-capacitor component being in charged state simultaneously.By described Observation circuit can detect the driving electric current of described driving assembly in real time, and extrapolate according to described driving electric current and be in electric discharge shape The electricity of the super-capacitor component of state, it is simple to follow-up switching when being in the electricity deficiency of super-capacitor component of discharge condition is filled Discharge condition, strengthens the safety driven.

Such as, when the described super-capacitor component electricity being set at discharging is less than 10%, control to be in the described of electric discharge Super-capacitor component and the capacitance component being in charged state switch charging and discharging state simultaneously, are in the described super capacitor of electric discharge Switch between components is charged state, and the super-capacitor component being originally in charged state switches to discharge condition, now, is originally in The super-capacitor component of charged state just can be that electric automobile provides enough energy.

Certainly, along with the continuous loss of energy, the electricity summation of two groups of super-capacitor component can reduce, when the electricity of accumulator When amount is not enough, two groups of super-capacitor component can be electric automobile body galvanic electricity as the stand-by power supply of described accumulator cell assembly Source.When two groups of super capacitors provide power as power supply for electric automobile, after switching charging and discharging state, it is in discharge condition Electricity less than when setting threshold value (such as less than 30%), described PLC obtains the electricity of accumulator cell assembly, if described accumulator When the electricity of assembly is also below the threshold value set, described PLC prompting user's electricity is not enough, and selects charge point to fill nearby Electricity.Here, the electricity of the electricity setting threshold value and described accumulator cell assembly that are in discharge condition after switching charging and discharging state sets Determining threshold value can be different.

Preferably, described observation circuit uses ammeter, by ammeter is connected on described first catalyst or described Between 3rd catalyst and described driving assembly, the driving electric current of described driving assembly can be detected in real time, and by driving electricity The size of stream extrapolates the electricity of the super capacitor being in discharge condition, and its electricity of dynamic monitoring is how many, is conveniently being in electric discharge During the electricity deficiency of the super capacitor of state, itself and the super-capacitor component being in charged state are switched charging and discharging state simultaneously.

In the present embodiment, the first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component all include multiple be serially connected super Electric capacity and equalizer circuit, the head and the tail two ends of described equalizer circuit multiple described super capacitor after concatenation in parallel.Due to single The voltage of super capacitor typically ratio is relatively low, it is impossible to drive the driving assembly of electric automobile, can increase described by the way First super-capacitor component and the voltage of the second super-capacitor component and storing electricity, it is simple to provide longer continuous for electric automobile Boat mileage, after multiple super capacitor can being overcome to connect by described equalizer circuit on super capacitor voltage inconsistent Property.

In the present embodiment, described driving assembly includes driving motor and becoming differential mechanism, described driving motor and described control Transition components electrically connects, and described driving motor is in transmission connection with described change differential mechanism, and described change differential mechanism is arranged on described car On the back axle of body and drive vehicle wheel rotation.Vapour can be manipulated according to the demand of driver by described driving motor and change differential mechanism Car, changes kinestate and the movement velocity of automobile, strengthens driving experience.

Assuming that original state provides power supply for accumulator cell assembly, when described PLC receives power supply select command, if according to When described power supply select command selects super-capacitor component to be power supply, now, described PLC will control the stopping of described accumulator cell assembly The electrical source of power of electric automobile is provided, and using two groups of super-capacitor component as electrical source of power.

Specifically, when the first super-capacitor component described in setting switching moment is in discharge condition, described PLC controls described First catalyst and the second catalyst Guan Bi, described 3rd catalyst disconnects with described 4th catalyst, now, described the first surpasses Level capacitance component is that described driving assembly provides power supply, and described driving Component driver electric vehicle motion, described second super Capacitance component is charged by described charging assembly;When the electricity of described first super-capacitor component is less than setting threshold value (such as 10%), time, described PLC controls described first catalyst and the second catalyst disconnects, and described 3rd catalyst connects with the described 4th Tentaculum closes, and now, described second super-capacitor component provides power supply, and described driving Component driver electricity for described driving assembly Electrical automobile moves, and described first super-capacitor component is charged by described charging assembly.

A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle of the present invention, is reclaimed by the energy when electric automobile during traveling, incites somebody to action back The energy received reuses and is used for driving electric automobile, substantially increases the utilization ratio of energy, extends electric automobile Course continuation mileage, green low-carbon, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Embodiment two, a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to, surpass the one of the present embodiment below in conjunction with Fig. 3 Level electric capacity electric automobile method of supplying power to describes in detail.

As it is shown on figure 3, a kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to, comprise the steps:

Step 1: start and initialize, accepts the power supply select command of outside input, and according to described power supply select command control Accumulator cell assembly processed or two groups of super-capacitor component are as the electrical source of power of electric automobile;

Step 2: during electric automobile during traveling, is generated electricity by electrification component and stores the electric energy that generating produces to one of which In described super-capacitor component;

Wherein when super-capacitor component described in two groups is as the electrical source of power of electric automobile, control the super electricity of one of which Hold assembly be in discharge condition and provide power supply for electric automobile;And another described super-capacitor component of group is to described electrification component The electric energy that generating produces stores.

Preferably, in described step 2, also the electricity of the described super-capacitor component being in discharge condition is monitored, And it is same less than controlling super capacitor described in two groups when setting threshold value being in the electricity of described super-capacitor component of discharge condition Time switching charging and discharging state;Wherein, the electric quantity monitoring of described super-capacitor component of discharge condition it is in by detecting electricity in real time The driving electric current driving assembly of electrical automobile realizes.Can detect in real time by the way and be in the described super of discharge condition The electricity of capacitance component, and automatically switch less than when setting threshold value at its electricity so that two groups of super-capacitor component seamless switchings Linking, and electric automobile offer power supply is provided.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all spirit in the present invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a supercapacitor electric vehicle, including car body, accumulator cell assembly and driving assembly, described accumulator cell assembly is with described Driving assembly electrically connects, described driving Component driver body movement, it is characterised in that: also include electrification component, the first super electricity Hold assembly, the second super-capacitor component and control transition components, described electrification component, drive assembly all with described control conversion group Part electrically connect, described control transition components respectively with described first super-capacitor component, the second super-capacitor component and accumulator Assembly electrically connects;
Described electrification component for the generating when described body movement and by electrical power storage to described first super-capacitor component or In second super-capacitor component;
Described first super-capacitor component and the second super-capacitor component, one of which is for storing the conversion of described electrification component Electric energy, another group is for providing electric energy for driving assembly, and super-capacitor component described in two groups is according to described control transition components Control can synchronism switching charging and discharging state;
Described control transition components is used for receiving power supply select command, and selects described accumulator cell assembly according to power supply select command Or one of which super-capacitor component is as electrical source of power, and when one of which super-capacitor component is as electrical source of power, control Make the charging and discharging state switching of super-capacitor component described in two groups.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, it is characterised in that: described electrification component includes that wind energy is sent out Electricity assembly, described wind power generation assembly electrically connects with described control transition components;
Described wind power generation assembly is arranged in the air-inlet grille of described car body, and during described body movement, described wind power generation Assembly electrical power generators, and by described control transition components electric energy stored to described first super-capacitor component or the second surpass In level capacitance component.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, it is characterised in that: described electrification component also includes four Hub-generating assembly and bearing electromotor, four described hub-generating assemblies are correspondingly arranged at four wheel hub of car body respectively, Described bearing electromotor is arranged in the back axle rotating shaft of described car body, and during described body movement, four described hub-generating groups Part and bearing electromotor all generate electricity, and are stored electric energy to the first super-capacitor component or second by described control transition components In super-capacitor component.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, it is characterised in that: described control transition components includes PLC, the first switch unit and the second switch unit, described PLC respectively with described accumulator cell assembly, the first switch unit and second Switch unit electrically connects, and described first switch unit electrically connects with described driving assembly and electrification component respectively, and described second cuts Change unit to electrically connect with described driving assembly and electrification component respectively.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, it is characterised in that: described first switch unit includes the One inverter circuit, the first rectification circuit, the first catalyst and the second catalyst, the input of described first inverter circuit is with described First super-capacitor component electrical connection, outfan electrically connects with described first catalyst, and described first catalyst is respectively with described Drive assembly and PLC electrical connection, the first rectification circuit outfan respectively and described second super-capacitor component and input electricity Connecting, input electrically connects with described second catalyst, and described second catalyst is electrically connected with described electrification component and PLC respectively Connect;
Described second switch unit includes the second inverter circuit, the second rectification circuit, the 3rd catalyst and the 4th catalyst, described The input of the second inverter circuit electrically connects with described second super-capacitor component, and outfan is electrically connected with described 3rd catalyst Connecing, described 3rd catalyst electrically connects with described driving assembly and PLC respectively, the outfan of the second rectification circuit and described first Super-capacitor component electrically connect, input electrically connects with described 4th catalyst, described 4th catalyst respectively with described generating Assembly and PLC electrical connection.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle, it is characterised in that: described control transition components also includes Observation circuit, described observation circuit is connected between described driving assembly and described PLC, for detecting driving of described driving assembly Streaming current is also sent to PLC, and when the electric current that described observation circuit detects is less than when setting threshold value, and described PLC controls to be in put First super-capacitor component of electricity or the second super-capacitor component and the first super-capacitor component or second being in charged state Super-capacitor component switches charging and discharging state simultaneously.
7. according to supercapacitor electric vehicle a kind of described in any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: the first super capacitor Assembly and the second super-capacitor component all include multiple super capacitor being serially connected and equalizer circuit, and described equalizer circuit is in parallel The head and the tail two ends of multiple described super capacitor after concatenation.
8. according to supercapacitor electric vehicle a kind of described in any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: described driving assembly Including driving motor and becoming differential mechanism, described driving motor electrically connects with described control transition components, described driving motor and institute State change differential mechanism to be in transmission connection, and described change differential mechanism is arranged on the back axle of described car body and drives vehicle wheel rotation.
9. a supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
Step 1: start and initialize, accepts the power supply select command of outside input, and controls to store according to described power supply select command Battery component or two groups of super-capacitor component are as the electrical source of power of electric automobile;
Step 2: during electric automobile during traveling, is generated electricity by electrification component and stores the electric energy that generating produces to described in one of which In super-capacitor component;
Wherein, when super-capacitor component described in two groups is as the electrical source of power of electric automobile, control one of which super capacitor Assembly is in discharge condition and provides power supply for electric automobile;And another organize described super-capacitor component described electrification component is sent out The electric energy that electricity produces stores.
A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle method of supplying power to, it is characterised in that: in described step 2, Also the electricity of the described super-capacitor component being in discharge condition is monitored, and is being in the described super electricity of discharge condition Control super capacitor described in two groups when the electricity of appearance assembly is less than setting threshold value and switch charging and discharging state simultaneously;
Wherein, the electric quantity monitoring of described super-capacitor component of discharge condition it is in by detecting the driving group of electric automobile in real time The driving electric current of part realizes.
CN201610777407.4A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 A kind of supercapacitor electric vehicle and its method of supplying power to CN106114278B (en)

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CN109552074A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-04-02 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of track power flatcar power power supply management method and system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107065508A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-08-18 上海摩软通讯技术有限公司 Intelligent watch
CN109552074A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-04-02 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of track power flatcar power power supply management method and system

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