CN106111842B - Automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine - Google Patents

Automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106111842B
CN106111842B CN201610658474.4A CN201610658474A CN106111842B CN 106111842 B CN106111842 B CN 106111842B CN 201610658474 A CN201610658474 A CN 201610658474A CN 106111842 B CN106111842 B CN 106111842B
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China
Prior art keywords
baffle
plate
apron
automotive transmission
processing groove
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CN201610658474.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106111842A (en
Inventor
唐永元
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CHONGQING WEIZHONG BEARING INDUSTRY CO LTD
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CHONGQING WEIZHONG BEARING INDUSTRY CO LTD
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Publication of CN106111842A publication Critical patent/CN106111842A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/88Making other particular articles other parts for vehicles, e.g. cowlings, mudguards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/02Stamping using rigid devices or tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/16Heating or cooling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/06Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/22Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with molybdenum or tungsten
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/24Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with vanadium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/28Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with titanium or zirconium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/30Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with cobalt
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/38Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with more than 1.5% by weight of manganese

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine, including staking punch, workbench, hydraulic cylinder, right baffle-plate, right shell body, front apron, rear baffle, push pedal and guide plate;Feed well is formed between right baffle-plate and right shell body;The processing groove of processing automotive transmission synchronous gear is formed between front apron and rear baffle, the left end of processing groove is communicated with feed well;One circular port is set on workbench and in the middle part of the left end of processing groove, and staking punch, pilot hole and circular port are coaxially set;Chute is formed between the rear end of right baffle-plate and rear baffle, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder stretches to chute, and end and the push pedal of piston rod are hinged;Front apron and rear baffle are equipped with baffle mechanism close to the outlet of processing groove.The present invention cleverly make use of feed well and processing groove, and automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed is automatically positioned using hydraulic cylinder and baffle mechanism, registration, and simple in construction, operate safer.

Description

Automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pressing equipment, more particularly to a kind of automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine.
Background technology
The fast development and keen competition of auto industry, to domestic transmission gear processing enterprise and equipment supplier with While carrying out opportunity, it was also proposed that new challenge;While automotive transmission synchronous gear processing cost is controlled, how height is realized Effect, high accuracy and high stability processing, are current problems faced and improve the direction improved.
In the prior art, automotive transmission synchronous gear need to carry out before turning is carried out first punching press forge, frictional force into The thin slice of type and punching press centre bottom.Automotive transmission synchronous gear blank forms mould substantially after frictional force extrusion forming Type, because being formed in the endoporus bottom of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed with thin slice, so need to be with stamping machine by punching press center The thin slice of the residual of bottom is washed out.
At present, the pressing equipment of the thin slice of punching press centre bottom mainly includes upper mould 50 (being also drift), the and of operating desk 51 Lower mould 52, as shown in figure 1, lower mould 52 is arranged in the groove set on operating desk 51, one is set below the middle part of lower mould 52 Automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is placed in the hole of lower mould 52 by blow tank 53, operating personnel by fixture, to be added Thin slice in the automotive transmission endoporus of work upward, when upper mould 50 is depressed, presses on automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed On the thin slice at top, thin slice departs from automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed, and synchronous by automotive transmission to be processed The centre bore of tooth 42 is fallen into blow tank 53, and gases at high pressure spray gun is provided with operating desk 51, and gases at high pressure spray gun will fall off Thin slice blown out from blow tank 53.This processing mode production efficiency is low, and labor intensity increases, and production cost is high.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned the shortcomings of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of simple in construction, production cost it is low, And the automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine saved labour turnover.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following technical scheme:
Automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine include base, supporting table, vertical column, slide, on slide Staking punch, workbench, hydraulic cylinder, right baffle-plate, right shell body, front apron, rear baffle, push pedal and guide plate;The slide peace It is slidably matched on vertical column and with vertical column in the vertical direction, the supporting table is fixed on bottom by hold-down mechanism On seat;
The workbench is fixed in supporting table, and the right baffle-plate, right shell body, front apron and rear baffle are fixed on work On platform, the right baffle-plate is parallel with right shell body, and it is synchronous that automotive transmission to be processed is formed between right baffle-plate and right shell body The feed well of tooth, the distance between the right baffle-plate and right shell body are maximum cylindrical more straight than automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed The big 2-5mm in footpath;The top of the right baffle-plate sets overhead gage, and the side of the overhead gage is fixed on right baffle-plate, overhead gage Opposite side stretches to the top of feed well;The processing of processing automotive transmission synchronous gear is formed between the front apron and rear baffle Groove, the processing groove is vertical with feed well, and the left end of processing groove is communicated with feed well;
One circular port is set on the workbench and in the middle part of the left end of processing groove, and the guide plate is fixed on front On plate and rear baffle, pilot hole is set on the guide plate;The staking punch, pilot hole and circular port in the vertical direction pair Should, and be coaxially set;External diameter big 1-1.5mm of the diameter of the pilot hole than staking punch;The workbench is close to rear side One waste material output channel is set, and the waste material output channel is communicated with circular port, waste material is connected outside the waste material output channel and is received Collection bucket;
Chute is formed between the rear end of the right baffle-plate and rear baffle, the hydraulic cylinder is arranged in supporting table and close to branch The left side of platform is supportted, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder stretches to chute, and end and the push pedal of the piston rod are hinged, the push pedal is installed Coordinate in chute and with slide;When the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder reaches low order end, the right side of push pedal and circular port The distance at center is the half of the maximum outside diameter of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed;
The rear side of the front apron and the front side of rear baffle are constituted by corresponding straightway I, oblique line section and straightway II, Straightway I is close to the left end of processing groove, and the straightway II is close to the right-hand member of processing groove, and the oblique line section is positioned at the He of straightway I Between straightway II, the distance between straightway I on front side of straightway I and rear baffle on rear side of the front apron is than to be processed On front side of straightway II and rear baffle on rear side of the big 1-2mm of maximum outside diameter of automotive transmission synchronous gear, the front apron Maximum outside diameter big 2.5-3.5mm of the distance between the straightway II than automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed;It is described to add The right-hand member connection workpiece collection bucket of work groove;
The front apron and rear baffle are equipped with baffle mechanism close to the outlet of processing groove;Baffle plate machine on the front apron Structure includes baffle plate I, slider I, spring I and plug I;The front apron close to processing groove right-hand member set a mounting hole I, it is described before The inner side of baffle plate, which is set, can accommodate the groove I of baffle plate I, and one end of the baffle plate I is hinged on groove I and away from processing groove outlet One end, the other end of baffle plate I stretches to the right-hand member of processing groove;The mounting hole I is made up of macropore and aperture, and the one of the slider I Hold spherical for semicircle, the other end of slider I is big termination;Aperture and top of the semicircle bulbous end of the slider I through mounting hole I Baffle plate I, the big termination of slider I is located in the macropore of mounting hole I;The plug I is coordinated by screw thread to be screwed in mounting hole I In macropore, the spring I is arranged in the macropore of mounting hole I, and one end of spring I is pressed on plug I, another side pressure of spring I On the big termination of slider I;
The baffle mechanism of the rear baffle includes baffle plate II, sliding block II, spring II and plug II;The rear baffle is close to be added The right-hand member of work groove sets a mounting hole II, and the inner side of the rear baffle, which is set, can accommodate the groove II of baffle plate II, the baffle plate II One end be hinged on groove II and the one end exported away from processing groove, the other end of baffle plate II stretches to the right-hand member of processing groove;It is described Mounting hole II is made up of macropore and aperture, and one end of the sliding block II is spherical for semicircle, and the other end of sliding block II is big termination;Institute The semicircle bulbous end for stating sliding block II passes through the aperture of mounting hole II and heads on baffle plate II, and the big termination of sliding block II is located at mounting hole II Macropore in;The plug II is coordinated by screw thread to be screwed in the macropore of mounting hole II, and the spring II is arranged on mounting hole In II macropore, one end of spring II is pressed on plug II, and the other end of spring II is pressed on the big termination of sliding block II;
The correspondence of baffle plate II on baffle plate I and rear baffle on the front apron;
One high-pressure air pipe is set on the workbench and positioned at the lower section of front apron, the end of high-pressure air pipe sets jet Rifle, the jet gun is located at the opposite sides of circular port with waste material output channel respectively.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the baffle plate I and baffle plate II are simultaneously same with automotive transmission to be processed The distance that the center of circle to the circular port center of automotive transmission synchronous gear are determined during step tooth contact is automotive transmission to be processed Cylindrical twice or three times of synchronous gear.
It is used as another preferred scheme of the present invention, the workbench, right baffle-plate, right shell body, front apron and rear baffle Material percentage composition by weight include:Aluminium 0.66%, vanadium 0.122%, chromium 22.5%, cobalt 0.36%, carbon 0.72%, manganese 10.52%th, molybdenum 0.62%, tungsten 0.71% and titanium 0.032%;Surplus is iron.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following technical effect that:
1st, the present invention cleverly make use of feed well and processing groove, and using hydraulic cylinder and baffle mechanism to vapour to be processed Car speed changer synchronous gear is automatically positioned, registration, and simple in construction.
2nd, automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed enters the top of the circular port of Stamping Area by feed well and hydraulic cylinder, Stamping Area is placed on without operating personnel, automatic charging punching press is realized, more efficient, operating personnel are without close to Stamping Area, behaviour Make safer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the pressing equipment of the thin slice of punching press centre bottom of the prior art;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed is located at Stamping Area;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that front apron, rear baffle and workpiece collection bucket coordinate;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of front apron and rear baffle.
In figure, 1-base;2-supporting table;3-vertical column;4-slide;5-staking punch;6-workbench;7— Hydraulic cylinder;8-right baffle-plate;9-right shell body;10-front apron;11-rear baffle;12-push pedal;13-guide plate;14-charging Groove;15-overhead gage;16-processing groove;17-circular port;18-pilot hole;19-waste material output channel;20-garbage collection Bucket;21-straightway I;22-oblique line section;23-straightway II;24-workpiece collection bucket;25-baffle plate I;26-slider I; 27-spring I;28-plug I;29-mounting hole I;30-groove I;31-baffle plate II;32-sliding block II;33-spring II; 34-plug II;35-mounting hole II;36-groove II;39-high-pressure air pipe;41-jet gun;42-automotive transmission is synchronous Tooth;43-pressing plate;44-cushion block;50-go up mould;51-operating desk;52-lower mould;53-blow tank.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
In the description of the invention, the orientation or position that term "front", "rear", "left", "right", " on ", " under " indicate are closed It is to be described based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifying.
As shown in Figure 2,3, automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine includes base 1, supporting table 2, vertical column 3, cunning Seat 4, the staking punch 5 on slide 4, workbench 6, hydraulic cylinder 7, right baffle-plate 8, right shell body 9, front apron 10, rear baffle 11st, push pedal 12, guide plate 13 and high-pressure air pipe 39.Slide 4 is arranged on vertical column 3 and with vertical column 3 in vertical direction On be slidably matched, staking punch 5 is fixedly mounted on slide 4, and supporting table 2 is fixed on base 1 by hold-down mechanism, in this implementation In example, hold-down mechanism is provided with the corner of base 1, hold-down mechanism includes pressing plate 43, cushion block 44, tie down screw and locking screw Mother, the middle part of pressing plate 43 is fixed on base 1 by tie down screw and locking nut, and one end of pressing plate 43 is pressed in by cushion block 44 On base 1, the other end of pressing plate 43 is pressed in supporting table 2.
Workbench 6 is fixed in supporting table 2, and right baffle-plate 8, right shell body 9, front apron 10 and rear baffle 11 are fixed on work On platform 6, right baffle-plate 8 is parallel with right shell body 9, and it is synchronous that automotive transmission to be processed is formed between right baffle-plate 8 and right shell body 9 The feed well 14 of tooth 42, the distance between right baffle-plate 8 and right shell body 9 are outer than the maximum of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed The big 2-5mm of circular diameter.The top of right baffle-plate 8 sets overhead gage 15, and the side of overhead gage 15 is fixed on right baffle-plate 8, overhead gage 15 opposite side stretches to the top of feed well 14.Processing automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 is formed between front apron 10 and rear baffle 11 Processing groove 16, processing groove 16 is vertical with feed well 14, and the left end of processing groove 16 is communicated with feed well 14, in the present embodiment In, feed well 14 is inclined to set, and one end that feed well 14 is communicated with processing groove 16 is low, is so conducive to automobile to be processed to become The fast slide downward of device synchronous gear 42, makes automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed smoothly enter in processing groove 16.
One circular port 17 is set on workbench 6 and in the middle part of the left end of processing groove 16, and guide plate 13 is fixed on front On plate 10 and rear baffle 11, pilot hole 18 is set, as shown in Figure 3 on guide plate 13.Staking punch 5, pilot hole 18 and circular port 17 In the vertical direction correspondence, and be coaxially set.External diameter big 1-1.5mm of the diameter of pilot hole 18 than staking punch 5;Workbench 6 set a waste material output channel 19 close to rear side, and waste material output channel 19 is communicated with circular port 17, connect outside waste material output channel 19 Connect garbage collection bucket 20.Pilot hole 18 on guide plate 13 plays a part of guiding, its staking punch 5 is accurately directed at processing groove Circular port 17 on 16.When automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is moved to the surface of circular port 17, slide 4 is downward Mobile, the staking punch 5 on slide 4 moves downwardly through the pilot hole 18 on guide plate 13, and punching press is in automobile variable speed to be processed On thin slice on device synchronous gear 42, thin slice is set to fall into waste material output channel after departing from the centre bore of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 19, subsequent staking punch 5 is moved up, during moving up, and because of the barrier effect of guide plate 13, makes its automotive transmission to be processed Synchronous gear 42 leaves staking punch 5.One high-pressure air pipe 39, high-pressure air pipe are set on workbench 6 and positioned at the lower section of front apron 10 39 end sets jet gun 41, and jet gun 41 is located at the opposite sides of circular port 17 with waste material output channel 19 respectively.High pressure Tracheae 39 is supplied to jet gun 41, and jet gun 41, which is blown, to be fallen into the thin slice in waste material output channel 19 and moved into garbage collection bucket 20 Dynamic, jet gun 41 both plays a part of pusher, plays a part of cooling down circular port 17 again.
Chute is formed between the rear end of right baffle-plate 8 and rear baffle 11, hydraulic cylinder 7 is arranged in supporting table 2 and close to support The left side of platform 2, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 stretches to chute, and end and the push pedal 12 of piston rod are hinged, and push pedal 12 is arranged in chute And coordinate with slide.When the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 reaches low order end, the right side of push pedal 12 and the center of circular port 17 away from From the half of the maximum outside diameter for automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed.When the piston rod retraction of hydraulic cylinder 7, push pedal 12 are also and then retracted, and next automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is slipped down in processing groove 16, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 Stretch out again, push pedal 12 promotes the automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed just glided to be moved to the position of circular port 17.
The rear side of front apron 10 and the front side of rear baffle 11 are by corresponding straightway I 21, oblique line section 22 and straightway II 23 compositions, as shown in figure 4, left end of the straightway I 21 close to processing groove 16, straightway II 23 close to processing groove 16 right-hand member, tiltedly Line segment 22 is located between straightway I 21 and straightway II 23, and the straightway I 21 on rear side of front apron 10 is straight with the front side of rear baffle 11 The distance between line segment I 21 is than the big 1-2mm of maximum outside diameter of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed, the rear side of front apron 10 The distance between the straightway II 23 of the front side of straightway II 23 and rear baffle 11 than automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed The maximum big 2.5-3.5mm of outside diameter, the right-hand member connection workpiece collection bucket 24 of processing groove 16.In the present embodiment, front apron Processing groove 16 between 10 oblique line section 22 and straightway II 23 and the oblique line section 22 and straightway II 23 of corresponding rear baffle 11 It is in certain angle of inclination to set, and one end close to the processing groove 16 of workpiece collection bucket 24 is minimum.It is straight on rear side of front apron 10 Line segment I 21 and the distance between the straightway I 21 of the front side of rear baffle 11 are outer than the maximum of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed The big 1-2mm of circular diameter, is conducive to being accurately positioned automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed, makes its punching precision higher. The distance between the straightway II 23 of the rear side of front apron 10 and the straightway II 23 of the front side of rear baffle 11 become than automobile to be processed The big 2.5-3.5mm of maximum outside diameter of fast device synchronous gear 42, is conducive to the automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed after punching press 42 outputs.
Front apron 10 and rear baffle 11 are equipped with baffle mechanism close to the outlet of processing groove 16, as shown in Figure 5.Front apron 10 On baffle mechanism include baffle plate I 25, slider I 26, spring I 27 and plug I 28.Front apron 10 is set close to the right-hand member of processing groove 16 Put a mounting hole I 29, the inner side of front apron 10, which is set, can accommodate the groove I 30 of baffle plate I 25, one end of baffle plate I 25 is hinged on recessed Groove I 30 and the one end exported away from processing groove 16, the other end of baffle plate I 25 stretch to the right-hand member of processing groove 16.Mounting hole I 29 is by big Hole and aperture composition, one end of slider I 26 are spherical for semicircle, and the other end of slider I 26 is big termination;The semi-round ball of slider I 26 Shape end passes through the aperture of mounting hole I 29 and heads on baffle plate I 25, and the big termination of slider I 26 is located in the macropore of mounting hole I 29;It is stifled First I 28 are screwed in the macropore of mounting hole I 29 by screw thread cooperation, and spring I 27 is arranged in the macropore of mounting hole I 29, spring I 27 one end is pressed on plug I 28, and the other end of spring I is pressed on the big termination of slider I 26.
The baffle mechanism of rear baffle 11 includes baffle plate II 31, sliding block II 32, spring II 33 and plug II 34.Rear baffle 11 is leaned on The right-hand member of nearly processing groove 16 sets a mounting hole II 35, and the inner side of rear baffle 11, which is set, can accommodate the groove II 36 of baffle plate II 31, One end of baffle plate II 31 is hinged on groove II 36 and the one end exported away from processing groove 16, and the other end of baffle plate II 31 stretches to processing The right-hand member of groove 16.Mounting hole II 35 is made up of macropore and aperture, and one end of sliding block II 32 is spherical for semicircle, sliding block II 32 it is another Hold as big termination;The semicircle bulbous end of sliding block II 32 passes through the aperture of mounting hole II 35 and heads on baffle plate II 31, sliding block II 32 Big termination is located in the macropore of mounting hole II 35;Plug II 34 is coordinated by screw thread to be screwed in the macropore of mounting hole II 35, bullet Spring II 33 is arranged in the macropore of mounting hole II 35, and one end of spring II 33 is pressed on plug II 34, the other end of spring II 33 It is pressed on the big termination of sliding block II 32.
The correspondence of baffle plate II 31 on baffle plate I 25 and rear baffle 11 on front apron 10.Baffle plate I 25 and baffle plate II 31 simultaneously with Determined during the synchronous tooth contact of automotive transmission to be processed the center of circle of automotive transmission synchronous gear to the center of circular port 17 away from From twice or three times for automotive transmission synchronous gear outside diameter to be processed.Driven by the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 The left side for the automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed that 12 pairs of push pedal is slipped into processing groove 16 is positioned, and passes through baffle plate I 25 42 pairs stamped of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed with baffle plate II 31 and in processing groove 16 is just in punching press The right side of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is positioned, and 11 pairs of front apron 10 and rear baffle are just in the to be processed of punching press The front and rear sides of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 positioned.
Workbench 6, right baffle-plate 8, right shell body 9, the material percentage composition by weight of front apron 10 and rear baffle 11 include: Aluminium 0.66%, vanadium 0.122%, chromium 22.5%, cobalt 0.36%, carbon 0.72%, manganese 10.52%, molybdenum 0.62%, tungsten 0.71% and titanium 0.032%;Surplus is iron.The anti-wear performance of the material is good, compared with cast iron of the prior art and stainless steel, its service life 2.3-2.5 times is extended, and then substantially prolongs the service life of the stamping machine.
, only need to be by manipulator by automotive transmission to be processed during using the automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine Synchronous gear 42 is placed on thin slice in the arrival end of feed well 14, the endoporus of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed down, most The automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed of bottom is slipped into after processing groove 16, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 stretches out, piston rod connection Push pedal 12 promote automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed to be moved to the top of circular port 17, baffle plate I 25 and baffle plate II 31 By 42 pairs stamped of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed just in the automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed of punching press 42 right side is positioned, and staking punch 5 is depressed, and the thin slice of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed falls into waste material output channel 19, staking punch 5 rises, and automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed departs from staking punch 5, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 is retracted, push pedal 12 are also and then retracted, and next automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is slipped down in processing groove 16, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 Stretch out again, push pedal 12 promotes the automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed just glided to be moved to the position of circular port 17, just quilt The automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed of punching press is moved to next station, close to the to be added of baffle plate I 25 and baffle plate II 31 The extruding baffle plate I 25 of automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 and baffle plate II 31 of work, baffle plate I 25 pass through the compression spring I 27 of slider I 26, gear Plate II 31 is by the compression spring II 33 of sliding block II 32, and the automotive transmission to be processed close to baffle plate I 25 and baffle plate II 31 is synchronous Tooth 42 is extruded processing groove 16 and fallen into workpiece collection bucket 24, and the moment under the restoring force effect of spring I 27 of baffle plate I 25 answers Position, at the same time, the momentary reset under the restoring force effect of spring II 33 of baffle plate II 31, and compress next automobile to be processed Speed changer synchronous gear 42.And so on circulate, automotive transmission synchronous gear 42 to be processed is stamped completion, whole process one by one Registration, realization is automatically brought into operation, and simple in construction, more efficient, and operating personnel are without close to Stamping Area, operating safer.
Finally illustrate, the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and it is unrestricted, although with reference to compared with The present invention is described in detail good embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to skill of the invention Art scheme is modified or equivalent substitution, and without departing from the objective and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should cover at this Among the right of invention.

Claims (1)

1. automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine, including base (1), supporting table (2), vertical column (3), slide (4) and Staking punch (5) on slide (4);The slide (4) is arranged on vertical column (3) and with vertical column (3) perpendicular Nogata upward sliding coordinates, and the supporting table (2) is fixed on base (1) by hold-down mechanism;It is characterized in that:Also include work Make platform (6), hydraulic cylinder (7), right baffle-plate (8), right shell body (9), front apron (10), rear baffle (11), push pedal (12) and be oriented to Plate (13);
The workbench (6) is fixed in supporting table (2), the right baffle-plate (8), right shell body (9), front apron (10) and rear gear Plate (11) is fixed on workbench (6), and the right baffle-plate (8) is parallel with right shell body (9), and right baffle-plate (8) and right shell body (9) Between form the feed well (14) of automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed, between the right baffle-plate (8) and right shell body (9) away from From the big 2-5mm of maximum outside diameter than automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed;The top of the right baffle-plate (8) is kept off on setting Plate (15), the side of the overhead gage (15) is fixed on right baffle-plate (8), and the opposite side of overhead gage (15) stretches to feed well (14) Top;The processing groove (16) of processing automotive transmission synchronous gear, institute are formed between the front apron (10) and rear baffle (11) State that processing groove (16) is vertical with feed well (14), and the left end of processing groove (16) is communicated with feed well (14);
One circular port (17), the guide plate are set on the workbench (6) and in the middle part of the left end of processing groove (16) (13) it is fixed on front apron (10) and rear baffle (11), pilot hole (18) is set on the guide plate (13);The staking punch (5), pilot hole (18) is corresponding with circular port (17) in the vertical direction, and is coaxially set;The diameter of the pilot hole (18) Than the big 1-1.5mm of external diameter of staking punch (5);The workbench (6) sets a waste material output channel (19) close to rear side, described Waste material output channel (19) is communicated with circular port (17), and the waste material output channel (19) connects garbage collection bucket (20) outside;
Chute is formed between the rear end of the right baffle-plate (8) and rear baffle (11), the hydraulic cylinder (7) is arranged on supporting table (2) Left side upper and close to supporting table (2), the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder (7) stretches to chute, the end of the piston rod and push pedal (12) it is hinged, the push pedal (12) is arranged in chute and coordinated with slide;The piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder (7) is reached most During right-hand member, the right side of push pedal (12) and the maximum that the distance at circular port (17) center is automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed The half of outside diameter;
The rear side of the front apron (10) and the front side of rear baffle (11) by corresponding straightway I (21), oblique line section (22) and Straightway II (23) is constituted, and straightway I (21) is close to the left end of processing groove (16), and the straightway II (23) is close to processing groove (16) right-hand member, the oblique line section (22) is located between straightway I (21) and straightway II (23), on rear side of the front apron (10) The distance between straightway I (21) and the straightway I (21) on front side of rear baffle (11) it is more synchronous than automotive transmission to be processed Straightway II (23) on rear side of the big 1-2mm of maximum outside diameter of tooth, the front apron (10) with it is straight on front side of rear baffle (11) Maximum outside diameter big 2.5-3.5mm of the distance between the line segment II (23) than automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed;It is described The right-hand member connection workpiece collection bucket (24) of processing groove (16);
The front apron (10) and rear baffle (11) are equipped with baffle mechanism close to the outlet of processing groove (16);The front apron (10) baffle mechanism on includes baffle plate I (25), slider I (26), spring I (27) and plug I (28);The front apron (10) is leaned on The right-hand member of nearly processing groove (16) sets a mounting hole I (29), and the inner side of the front apron (10), which is set, can accommodate baffle plate I (25) Groove I (30), one end of the baffle plate I (25) is hinged on groove I (30) and the one end exported away from processing groove (16), baffle plate I (25) the other end stretches to the right-hand member of processing groove (16);The mounting hole I (29) is made up of macropore and aperture, the slider I (26) one end is that semicircle is spherical, and the other end of slider I (26) is big termination;The semicircle bulbous end of the slider I (26) is passed through The aperture of mounting hole I (29) simultaneously heads on baffle plate I (25), and the big termination of slider I (26) is located in the macropore of mounting hole I (29);Institute State plug I (28) to screw in the macropore of mounting hole I (29) by screw thread cooperation, the spring I (27) is arranged on mounting hole I (29) in macropore, one end of spring I (27) is pressed on plug I (28), and the other end of spring I is pressed in the big end of slider I (26) On head;
The baffle mechanism of the rear baffle (11) includes baffle plate II (31), sliding block II (32), spring II (33) and plug II (34); The rear baffle (11) sets a mounting hole II (35) close to the right-hand member of processing groove (16), and the inner side of the rear baffle (11) is set The groove II (36) of baffle plate II (31) can be accommodated, one end of the baffle plate II (31) is hinged on groove II (36) and away from processing groove (16) one end of outlet, the other end of baffle plate II (31) stretches to the right-hand member of processing groove (16);The mounting hole II (35) is by macropore With aperture composition, one end of the sliding block II (32) is that semicircle is spherical, and the other end of sliding block II (32) is big termination;The sliding block The semicircle bulbous end of II (32) passes through the aperture of mounting hole II (35) and heads on baffle plate II (31), the big termination position of sliding block II (32) In in the macropore of mounting hole II (35);The plug II (34) is coordinated by screw thread to be screwed in the macropore of mounting hole II (35), The spring II (33) is arranged in the macropore of mounting hole II (35), and one end of spring II (33) is pressed on plug II (34), bullet The other end of spring II (33) is pressed on the big termination of sliding block II (32);
Baffle plate II (31) correspondence on baffle plate I (25) and rear baffle (11) on the front apron (10);
One high-pressure air pipe (39) is set on the workbench (6) and positioned at the lower section of front apron (10), high-pressure air pipe (39) End sets jet gun (41), and the jet gun (41) is with waste material output channel (19) respectively positioned at relative the two of circular port (17) Side;
The baffle plate I (25) and baffle plate II (31) are while determine that automobile becomes during tooth contact synchronous with automotive transmission to be processed The center of circle of fast device synchronous gear to circular port (17) center distance for automotive transmission synchronous gear to be processed cylindrical twice or Three times of person;
The workbench (6), right baffle-plate (8), right shell body (9), the material by weight hundred of front apron (10) and rear baffle (11) Point content includes:Aluminium 0.66%, vanadium 0.122%, chromium 22.5%, cobalt 0.36%, carbon 0.72%, manganese 10.52%, molybdenum 0.62%, Tungsten 0.71% and titanium 0.032%;Surplus is iron.
CN201610658474.4A 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 Automotive transmission synchronous gear punching press hollow out machine Active CN106111842B (en)

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