CN106110189A - 一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物 - Google Patents

一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物 Download PDF

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CN106110189A
CN106110189A CN201610575620.7A CN201610575620A CN106110189A CN 106110189 A CN106110189 A CN 106110189A CN 201610575620 A CN201610575620 A CN 201610575620A CN 106110189 A CN106110189 A CN 106110189A
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rhizoma
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周继英
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周继英
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,属于中药技术领域。解决了现有药物效果不佳的缺陷,其包括由紫珠8‑12份,地耳草8‑12份,茜草5‑10份,海桐皮5‑10份,土茯苓3‑8份,矮地茶3‑8份,姜黄3‑8份,松节1‑5份,午时花1‑5份,刘寄奴1‑5份,玫瑰花1‑3份,元胡1‑3份,玉米须1‑3份组成的外用药和由黄连8‑12份,夏枯草8‑12份,连翘1‑3份,赤芍5‑10份,续断5‑10份,骨碎补8‑12份,巴戟天5‑10份,王不留行3‑8份,郁金3‑8份,苏木1‑3份,莪术1‑5份,枸杞子5‑10份,四季青3‑8份,山楂3‑8份,白芥子1‑3份组成的内服药。本发明适合跌打损伤患者使用。

Description

一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,属于中药技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]跌打损伤主要以软组织损伤为主,包括刀枪、跌扑、殴打、闪挫、刺伤、擦伤、运动损伤,扭伤等,伤处多有疼痛、肿胀、出血或骨折、脱白等。有些人发生跌打损伤后,急于诊治,往往使用药物熏洗,其实有时候这样做不但没有疗效,而且病情会越来越严重。因为现有的治疗跌打损伤的外用药多为活血药材,如果跌打损伤刚刚发生,马上就用药物洗治,患处血管就会加剧扩张,渗血、水肿也会随之加重,不仅会造成软组织粘连和局部功能减弱,而且还会增强疼痛感。
[0003]中医治疗跌打损伤有着几千年的历史,古称〃跌打损伤〃为诸伤之总论,多因外力作用,或自身姿势不正确的情况下用力过猛而造成的。中医把凡因外力作用于人体而引起的筋骨伤损、瘀血肿痛、气血不和、经络不通以至脏器受损等,统称为跌打损伤。中医所用的熏洗药多由当归、三七、红花、白芍、牛膝、没药、乳香、五灵脂等中草药配伍而成,具有活血化瘀、止痛消肿的功效,但是有时候也只是表面功夫,治疗效果不佳。
发明内容
[0004]本发明的目的在于提供一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,内调外养,标本兼治,疗效确切。
[0005]所述的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0006] 紫珠8-12份,地耳草8-12份,茜草5_10份,海桐皮5_10份,土茯苓3_8份,矮地茶3_8份,姜黄3-8份,松节1-5份,午时花1-5份,刘寄奴1-5份,玫瑰花1-3份,元胡1_3份,玉米须1-3份;
[0007]所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0008] 黄连8-12份,夏枯草8-12份,连翘1_3份,赤芍5_10份,续断5_10份,骨碎补8_12份,巴戟天5-10份,王不留行3-8份,郁金3-8份,苏木1-3份,莪术1-5份,枸杞子5-10份,四季青3-8份,山楂3-8份,白芥子1-3份。
[0009]优选的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0010]紫珠10份,地耳草10份,茜草8份,海桐皮8份,土茯苓5份,矮地茶5份,姜黄5份,松节3份,午时花3份,刘寄奴3份,玫瑰花2份,元胡2份,玉米须2份;
[0011 ]所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0012] 黄连10份,夏枯草10份,连翘2份,赤芍8份,续断8份,骨碎补10份,巴戟天8份,王不留行5份,郁金5份,苏木2份,莪术3份,枸杞子8份,四季青5份,山楂5份,白芥子2份。
[0013]各中药的作用机理:
[0014] 紫珠:苦、涩,平。功能主治:止血,散瘀,消炎。用于衄血,咯血,胃肠出血,子宫出血,上呼吸道感染,扁桃体炎,肺炎,支气管炎;外用治外伤出血,烧伤。
[0015]地耳草:甘、微苦,凉。功能主治:清热利湿,解毒消肿,散瘀止痛。用于肝炎,早期肝硬化,阑尾炎,眼结膜炎,扁桃体炎;外用治疮疖肿毒,带状疱疹,毒蛇咬伤,跌打损伤。
[0016]茜草:苦,寒。归肝经。功能与主治:凉血,祛瘀,止血,通经。用于吐血,衄血,崩漏,外伤出血,瘀阻经闭,关节痹痛,跌扑肿痛。
[0017]海桐皮:归肝、肾经。功能主治:祛风湿,舒筋通络。用于风湿麻木,腰腿筋骨疼痛,跌打损伤;外用治各种顽癣。
[0018] 土茯苓:甘、淡,平。归肝、胃经。功能与主治:解毒,除湿,通利关节。用于梅毒及汞中毒所致的肢体拘挛,筋骨疼痛;湿热淋浊,带下,痈肿,瘰疬,疥癣。
[0019]矮地茶:辛、微苦,平。归肺、肝经。功能与主治:化痰止咳,清利湿热,活血化瘀。用于新久咳嗽,喘满痰多,湿热黄疸,经闭瘀阻,风湿痹痛,跌打损伤。
[0020]姜黄:辛、苦,温。归脾、肝经。功能与主治:破血行气,痛经止痛。用于胸胁刺痛,胸痹心痛,痛经经闭,癥瘕,风湿肩臂疼痛,跌扑肿痛。
[0021]松节:苦,温。功能主治:祛风除湿,活络止痛。用于风湿关节痛,腰腿痛,大骨节病,跌打肿痛。
[0022]午时花:淡、微辛,平。功能主治:散瘀止痛,解毒消肿。用于跌打损伤;外用治疮疖肿毒。
[0023] 刘寄奴:苦,温。入心、脾经。功能主治:破血通经,敛疮消肿。治经闭症瘕,胸腹胀痛,产后血瘀,跌打损伤,金疮出血,痈毒掀肿。
[0024]玫瑰花:甘、微苦,温。归肝、脾经。功能与主治:行气解郁,和血,止痛。用于肝胃气痛,食少呕恶,月经不凋,跌扑伤痛。
[0025]元胡:辛、苦,温。归肝、脾经。功能与主治:活血,行气,止痛。用于胸胁、脘腹疼痛,胸痹心痛,经闭痛经,产后瘀阻,跌扑肿痛。
[0026]玉米须:味甘;淡;性平。归肾;胃;肝;胆经。功能主治:利尿消肿;清肝利胆。主水肿;小便淋沥;黄疸;胆囊炎;胆结石;高血压;糖尿病;乳汁不通。
[0027]黄连:苦,寒。归心、脾、胃、肝、胆、大肠经。功能与主治:清热燥湿,泻火解毒。用于湿热痞满,呕吐吞酸,泻痢,黄疸,高热神昏,心火亢盛,心烦不寐,心悸不宁,血热吐衄,目赤,牙痛,消渴,痈肿疗疮;外治湿疹,湿疮,耳道流脓。
[0028]夏枯草:辛、苦,寒。归肝、胆经。功能与主治:清肝泻火,明目,散结消肿。用于目赤肿痛,目珠夜痛,头痛眩晕,瘰疬,癭瘤,乳痈,乳癖,乳房胀痛。
[0029]连翘:性微寒,味苦。清热解毒,消肿散结,疏散风热。用于痈疽,瘰疬,乳痈,丹毒,风热感冒,温病初起,温热入营,高热烦渴,神昏发斑,热淋涩痛。
[0030]赤芍:苦,微寒。归肝经。功能与主治:清热凉血,散瘀止痛。用于热入营血,温毒发斑,吐血衄血,目赤肿痛,肝郁胁痛,经闭痛经,瘕瘕腹痛,跌扑损伤,痈肿疮疡。
[0031]续断:苦、辛,微温。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:补肝肾,强筋骨,续折伤,止崩漏。用于肝肾不足,腰膝酸软,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,筋伤骨折,崩漏,胎漏。
[0032]骨碎补:苦,温。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:疗伤止痛,补肾强骨。外用消风祛斑。用于跌扑闪挫,筋骨折伤,肾虚腰痛,筋骨痿软,耳鸣耳聋,牙齿松动;外治斑秃,白癜风。
[0033]巴戟天:甘、辛,微温。归肾、肝经。功能与主治:补肾阳,强筋骨,祛风湿。用于阳痿遗精,宫冷不孕,月经不调,少腹冷痛,风湿痹痛,筋骨痿软。
[0034] 王不留行:苦,平。归肝、胃经。功能与主治:活血通经,下乳消肿,利尿通淋。用于经闭,痛经,乳汁不下,乳痈肿痛,淋证涩痛。
[0035] 郁金:辛、苦,寒。归肝、心、肺经。功能与主治:活血止痛,行气解郁,清心凉血,利胆退黄。用于胸胁刺痛,胸痹心痛,经闭痛经,乳房胀痛,热病神昏,癫痫发狂,血热吐衄,黄疸尿赤。
[0036]苏木:甘、咸,平。归心、肝、脾经。功能与主治:活血祛瘀,消肿止痛。用于跌打损伤,骨折筋伤,瘀滞肿痛,经闭痛经,产后瘀阻,胸腹刺痛,痈疽肿痛。
[0037]莪术:辛、苦,温。归肝、脾经。功能与主治:行气破血,消积止痛。用于瘕瘕痞块,瘀血经闭,胸痹心痛,食积胀痛。
[0038]枸杞子:甘,平。归肝、肾经。功能与主治:滋补肝肾,益精明目。用于虚劳精亏,腰膝酸痛,眩晕耳鸣,阳萎遗精,内热消渴,血虚萎黄,目昏不明。
[0039]四季青:苦、湿,凉。归肺、大肠、膀胱经。功能与主治:清热解毒,消肿祛瘀。用于肺热咳嗽,咽喉肿痛,痢疾,胁痛,热淋;外治烧烫伤,皮肤溃疡。
[0040]山楂:酸、甘,微温。归脾、胃、肝经。功能与主治:消食健胃,行气散瘀,化浊降脂。用于肉食积滞,胃脘胀满,泻痢腹痛,瘀血经闭,产后瘀阻,心腹刺痛,胸痹心痛,疝气疼痛,高月旨血症。
[0041 ]白芥子:辛,温。入肺,胃经。功能主治:利气豁痰,温胃散寒,通络止痛,散结消肿。
[0042]与现有技术相比本发明的有益效果是:
[0043]本发明以中医理论为基础,采用天然中草药配制而成,配伍科学,用药安全无毒副作用,外用药可散瘀止痛、消炎止血、清热解毒,能够快速止血、消炎、止痛,内服药具有舒筋活络、活血化瘀、疏肝理气、散结消肿、补肾强骨、养血安神等功效,二者配合可有效迅速的治愈跌打损伤。
[0044]以下结合临床试验及典型病例对本发明进一步说明。
[0045] —、临床试验
[0046] 1、临床资料:
[0047]随机抽取跌打损伤患者100例,年龄在12-70岁之间,包括刀枪、跌仆、殴打、闪挫、刺伤、擦伤、运动损伤,扭伤等,伤处多有疼痛、肿胀、出血或骨折、脱臼等。
[0048] 2、治疗方法:
[0049] 外用药每日一剂,加3-5L水煎至300ml左右,每天擦洗患处5-8次;
[0050]内服药每日一剂,水煎服,分早晚两次饭后服用。
[0051] 3天一疗程,根据患病严重程度用药3-5个疗程。
[0052] 3、疗效标准
[0053]痊愈:疼痛、肿胀等不适感消失,皮肤恢复正常;
[0054]有效:疼痛、肿胀等不适感明显减轻,皮肤趋于正常;
[0055]无效:各种临床症状均无缓解。
[0056] 4、治疗结果:
[0057] 100例患者在用药3-5疗程后,94人痊愈,5人有效,治愈率94%,有效率99%。
[0058] 典型病例
[0059]杨某,女,66岁,在三轮车上跌落,身上多处损伤,左胳膊肘破皮流血,左脚扭伤,伤及筋骨,疼痛难忍,肿胀严重,使用本发明中药组合物外用药每天擦洗患处5-8次,内服药每日一剂,I个疗程疼痛减轻,消肿消炎,持续用药4个疗程,疼痛、肿胀等不适感消失,患处皮肤恢复正常。
[0060]郑某,男,32岁,在工地干活时从高处跳下,磕破膝盖,左脚扭伤,自认为身体强壮未曾就医,第二天早上发现膝盖处红肿严重,疼痛难受,左脚脚踝处红肿发亮,无法走路,使用本发明中药组合物外用药每天擦洗患处5-8次,内服药每日一剂,I个疗程疼痛减轻,消肿消炎,持续用药5个疗程,疼痛、肿胀等不适感消失,患处皮肤恢复正常。
具体实施方式
[0061 ]下面结合具体实施例对本发明做进一步说明。
[0062] 实施例1
[0063]所述的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0064]紫珠1份,地耳草10份,茜草8份,海桐皮8份,土茯苓5份,矮地茶5份,姜黄5份,松节3份,午时花3份,刘寄奴3份,玫瑰花2份,元胡2份,玉米须2份;
[0065]所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0066] 黄连10份,夏枯草10份,连翘2份,赤芍8份,续断8份,骨碎补10份,巴戟天8份,王不留行5份,郁金5份,苏木2份,莪术3份,枸杞子8份,四季青5份,山楂5份,白芥子2份。
[0067] 实施例2
[0068]所述的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0069]紫珠8份,地耳草8份,茜草5份,海桐皮5份,土茯苓3份,矮地茶3份,姜黄3份,松节I份,午时花I份,刘寄奴I份,玫瑰花I份,元胡I份,玉米须I份;
[0070]所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0071 ]黄连12份,夏枯草12份,连翘3份,赤芍1份,续断1份,骨碎补12份,巴戟天1份,王不留行8份,郁金8份,苏木3份,莪术5份,枸杞子10份,四季青8份,山楂8份,白芥子3份。
[0072] 实施例3
[0073]所述的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0074]紫珠12份,地耳草12份,茜草10份,海桐皮10份,土茯苓8份,矮地茶8份,姜黄8份,松节5份,午时花5份,刘寄奴5份,玫瑰花3份,元胡3份,玉米须3份;
[0075]所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成:
[0076]黄连12份,夏枯草12份,连翘3份,赤芍1份,续断1份,骨碎补12份,巴戟天1份,王不留行8份,郁金8份,苏木3份,莪术5份,枸杞子10份,四季青8份,山楂8份,白芥子3份。

Claims (2)

1.一种治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,其特征在于由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 紫珠8-12份,地耳草8-12份,茜草5-10份,海桐皮5_10份,土茯苓3_8份,矮地茶3_8份,姜黄3-8份,松节1-5份,午时花1-5份,刘寄奴1-5份,玫瑰花I _3份,元胡1-3份,玉米须1-3份; 所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 黄连8-12份,夏枯草8-12份,连翘1-3份,赤芍5-10份,续断5_10份,骨碎补8_12份,巴戟天5-10份,王不留行3-8份,郁金3-8份,苏木1-3份,莪术1-5份,枸杞子5-10份,四季青3-8份,山楂3-8份,白芥子1-3份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗跌打损伤的中药组合物,其特征在于由外用药和内服药两部分组成,所述的外用药由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 紫珠10份,地耳草1份,茜草8份,海桐皮8份,土茯苓5份,矮地茶5份,姜黄5份,松节3份,午时花3份,刘寄奴3份,玫瑰花2份,元胡2份,玉米须2份; 所述的内服药由以下重量份的中药原料组成: 黄连10份,夏枯草10份,连翘2份,赤芍8份,续断8份,骨碎补10份,巴戟天8份,王不留行5份,郁金5份,苏木2份,莪术3份,枸杞子8份,四季青5份,山楂5份,白芥子2份。
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CN103156972A (zh) * 2013-03-20 2013-06-19 刘玉伦 一种治疗骨折、骨裂和跌打损伤的中药组合物
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Application publication date: 20161116