CN106108222B - Article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction - Google Patents

Article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106108222B
CN106108222B CN201610500541.XA CN201610500541A CN106108222B CN 106108222 B CN106108222 B CN 106108222B CN 201610500541 A CN201610500541 A CN 201610500541A CN 106108222 B CN106108222 B CN 106108222B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
impact
footwear
article
upper plate
vamp
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610500541.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106108222A (en
Inventor
李·D·佩顿
德沃纳·德沃
Original Assignee
耐克创新有限合伙公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US13/336,460 priority Critical patent/US9750300B2/en
Priority to US13/336,460 priority
Application filed by 耐克创新有限合伙公司 filed Critical 耐克创新有限合伙公司
Priority to CN201280070596.1A priority patent/CN104168787B/en
Publication of CN106108222A publication Critical patent/CN106108222A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106108222B publication Critical patent/CN106108222B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/06Running boots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/02Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the material
    • A43B13/04Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the material plastics, rubber or vulcanised fibre
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/02Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the material
    • A43B13/12Soles with several layers of different materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/02Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the material
    • A43B13/12Soles with several layers of different materials
    • A43B13/125Soles with several layers of different materials characterised by the midsole or middle layer
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/143Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form provided with wedged, concave or convex end portions, e.g. for improving roll-off of the foot
    • A43B13/148Wedged end portions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/181Resiliency achieved by the structure of the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/181Resiliency achieved by the structure of the sole
    • A43B13/183Leaf springs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/181Resiliency achieved by the structure of the sole
    • A43B13/185Elasticated plates sandwiched between two interlocking components, e.g. thrustors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/187Resiliency achieved by the features of the material, e.g. foam, non liquid materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/189Resilient soles filled with a non-compressible fluid, e.g. gel, water
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/20Pneumatic soles filled with a compressible fluid, e.g. air, gas
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/20Pneumatic soles filled with a compressible fluid, e.g. air, gas
    • A43B13/203Pneumatic soles filled with a compressible fluid, e.g. air, gas provided with a pump or valve
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/28Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by their attachment, also attachment of combined soles and heels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/28Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by their attachment, also attachment of combined soles and heels
    • A43B13/32Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by their attachment, also attachment of combined soles and heels by adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/16Footwear with elevated heel parts inside
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/32Footwear with shock-absorbing means Safety footwear
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/38Elevating, i.e. height increasing, footwear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/12Producing parts thereof, e.g. soles, heels, uppers, by a moulding technique
    • B29D35/122Soles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/12Producing parts thereof, e.g. soles, heels, uppers, by a moulding technique
    • B29D35/14Multilayered parts
    • B29D35/142Soles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/12Producing parts thereof, e.g. soles, heels, uppers, by a moulding technique
    • B29D35/14Multilayered parts
    • B29D35/144Heels

Abstract

This application involves the article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction.A kind of article of footwear is provided, there is the elevated plate structure being comprised in footwear sole construction and selectively include fluid-filled chamber.The elevated plate structure may include upper plate and multiple leg for extending downwardly towards footwear outer bottom.The upper area of the engageable footwear outer bottom in the end of leg.The elevated plate structure can form cage region, which can selectively include being arranged substantially at fluid-filled chamber therein.The elevated plate structure may also include the lower plate being arranged at the upper area of footwear outer bottom, can form the lower part in cage region.The part of leg can be integrated with a variety of configurations and impact-attenuating component in heel area, and can provide the feature for impact-attenuating component, such as support feature, impact-attenuation characteristics and adjustable impact decay characteristics.

Description

Article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction

The application be the applying date be on December 17th, 2012, it is entitled " to have application No. is 2012800705961 The divisional application of the application of the article of footwear of elevated plate footwear sole construction ".

Technical field

The present invention relates to the article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction.

Background technique

Conventional article of athletic footwear includes two main elements: vamp and footwear sole construction.Vamp is generally by multiple element (for example, fabric, foam, leather, synthetic leather) formed, multiple element be sewn or adhesiveness be combined together, with shape At for firmly and cosily receiving the internal cavities of foot.Footwear sole construction is fixed to the low portion of vamp, and usually It is located between foot and ground.In addition to decay walk, running and ground reaction force during other Ambulatory Activities (that is, providing buffering), footwear sole construction can for example influence foot movement (for example, by turning in resisting), assign stability and mention For attachment frictional force.Therefore, vamp and footwear sole construction collaboratively work, and are suitable for diversified sports to provide Comfortable structure.

Footwear sole construction includes multiple layers, and multiple layer is conventionally referred to as insole, midsole and footwear outer bottom.Insole is thin , compressible element, be located in the cavity of vamp and vola (that is, lower part) surface of neighbouring foot, to enhance comfort. Midsole be fixed to vamp and formed footwear sole construction middle layer, decaying walk, running or other Ambulatory Activity mistakes Ground reaction force in journey.Footwear outer bottom forms the ground-contacting elements of footwear, and usually by durable and wear-resistant rubber material Material is made, which includes texture to assign attachment frictional force.

Summary of the invention

A kind of article of footwear has elevated plate structure (the elevated plate being comprised in footwear sole construction Structure), which can provide a variety of advantageous features, and such as increased stability, shock absorption and compression control are special Sign.Many in this advantageous feature can be reinforced, and arranged by this elevated plate structure and fluid-filled chamber and/or The selectable combination of impact-attenuating elements (such as impact-attenuating elements at heel area) provides other advantageous spy Sign.

In one configuration, article of footwear has vamp and is fixed to the footwear sole construction of the vamp, which has Midsole, the elevated plate structure being substantially embedded into midsole and footwear outer bottom.Elevated plate structure may include upper plate and The multiple leg extended downwardly towards footwear outer bottom.The upper area of the engageable footwear outer bottom in the end of leg.Elevated plate structure It can be formed cage region (cage region), which can selectively include being arranged substantially in cage region Fluid-filled chamber.In some configurations, the average thickness of leg can be greater than the matrix thickness of upper plate.

In many configurations, elevated plate structure can also include the lower plate being arranged at the upper area of footwear outer bottom, can To form the lower part in cage region.It the end of leg can be with the top of the arrangement engagement lower plate of variation.In some arrangements, It the end of leg can be to slide the top for arranging engagement lower plate.In some arrangements, the end of leg can be with fixation The top of arrangement engagement lower plate.

In some fixed and arrangeds between leg and lower plate, the end of leg be can be received in multiple brackets, The multiple bracket is formed in the top of lower plate.In some fixed and arrangeds, the lower part of leg can be bound to lower plate.Leg The end of shape part can be bound to lower plate in many ways, including combined by adhesive and combined with thermoplasticity.

In some configurations, elevated plate structure may include arranging during use close to the position of the heel of user Heel area, the central part that is arranged in heel area and edge part from central part towards upper plate it is outwardly extending multiple Flank.In some configurations, which can be formed by the opposing slot (raised inverted channel) of protrusion, this is convex The opposing slot risen has the material thickness substantially the same with the region between flank of upper plate.In other configurations, the rib Portion can have the material thickness bigger than the non-flank area of upper plate adjoined.

In some configurations, article of footwear has vamp and is fixed to the footwear sole construction of vamp, which has shoes Bottom interlayer, the first impact-attenuating component being located in the heel part of footwear sole construction, insertion midsole is interior and is gathered by non-foamed Close the upper plate that object material is formed, the first leg extended downwardly by the slave upper plate that non-foam material material is formed, Yi Ji Footwear outer bottom at the bottom of article of footwear.Some configurations may include the multiple impact-attenuating components being located in heel part and The multiple leg extended downwardly by the slave upper plate that non-foam material material is formed.The portion of first leg or multiple leg Dividing can be integrated with the first impact-attenuating component or multiple impact-attenuating components, and can provide various features, and such as support, impact declines Impact-attenuating, shock absorption and the decaying of user's adjustable impact subtract, changed.

According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of article of footwear is disclosed, with vamp and is fixed to the vamp Footwear sole construction, the footwear sole construction include: midsole, are formed by foamed polymer material and the neighbouring vamp positions; First impact-attenuating component, is located in the heel part of the footwear sole construction;Upper plate, be embedded in the midsole and by Non-foam material material is formed, and the upper plate is with the upper surface oriented towards the vamp and far from vamp orientation Opposite lower surface;First leg is formed by non-foam material material, institute of first leg from the upper plate It states lower surface to extend downwardly far from the vamp, the one of the first impact-attenuating component is formed at the lower part of first leg Part;And footwear outer bottom, it is located at the bottom of the article of footwear, opposite with the vamp, the footwear outer bottom is configured to Ground-engaging between validity period.

The article of footwear can also include the second impact-attenuating being located in the heel part of the footwear sole construction Component and the second leg formed by non-foam material material, second leg can be far from the lower surfaces The vamp extends downwardly, and a part of the second impact-attenuating component can be formed at the lower part of second leg.

Wherein the first impact-attenuating component and the second impact-attenuating component can be substantially cylindricality.

Wherein the end of first leg can pass through the first impact-attenuating component and extend downwardly and can connect Close the upper area of the footwear outer bottom.

The article of footwear can also include the lower plate formed by non-foam material material, and the lower plate can substantially be put down Row orients and can be formed the upper area of the footwear outer bottom in the upper plate, and the first impact-attenuating component can be arranged Between the upper plate and the lower plate.

What wherein the top of the lower plate can engage first leg extends through the first impact-attenuating structure The end of part.

Wherein first leg may include multiple teeth, and it is lateral that the multiple tooth may be located remotely from first leg Ground extends and is configurable to engage the part of the first impact-attenuating component.

Wherein the lower part of first leg can have the first rigidity, and impact-attenuating core can surround described first The lower disposed of leg simultaneously can have the second rigidity, and second rigidity can be less than first rigidity.

Wherein the support component in the impact-attenuating component, the support can be formed at the lower part of first leg Element can have be configured to support axial load and before reaching spinodal decomposition point unbending column intensity.

Wherein the support component is configurable to the bending in unstability and is movably hinged decaying as elasticity after unstability Axial impact.

Wherein the impact-attenuating component can have for absorbing before the support component reaches the spinodal decomposition point First compressive strength of downward impact and for absorbing downward rush after the support component reaches the spinodal decomposition point The second compressive strength hit.

Wherein first compressive strength can be greater than second compressive strength, to reach for working as in the support component To the spinodal decomposition point foregoing description the first impact-attenuating component meet with lesser downward impact when can provide biggish resistance and When the first impact-attenuating component described after the support component reaches the spinodal decomposition point meet with biggish downward impact when can To provide lesser resistance and biggish impact absorbing.

The article of footwear can also include the lower disposed around the impact-attenuating core and first leg Shell.

Wherein the shell can have third rigidity, and the third rigidity can be greater than the described of the impact-attenuating core Second rigidity.

Wherein the third rigidity of the shell can be less than first rigidity of the lower part of first leg.

First leg wherein extended downwardly can form one in piston and cavity, and the cavity can have There is closed end and is configured to receive the opposite open end of piston.

The article of footwear can also include the upper zone for being in substantially parallel relationship to the upper plate orientation and forming the footwear outer bottom The lower plate in domain, it is prominent that the lower plate can have the one or more upwardly extended from the upper surface of the lower plate towards the vamp It rises, one or more of protrusions can form corresponding one in the piston and the cavity.

First leg wherein extended downwardly can form the one or more of the piston and the lower plate A protrusion can form the cavity.

Wherein the piston and the cavity can cooperate to form the central part of the impact-attenuating component.

Wherein the impact-attenuating component can also include the compressible shell arranged around the piston and the cavity.

Wherein the piston and the cavity can cooperate to serve as the damper for the downward impact that decays.

Wherein first leg can be formed away from the first hollow container that the vamp extends downwardly, and described first Hollow container can have the side wall on the convex surface of outer bend, and the side wall on the convex surface of the outer bend is configurable to when described Article of footwear curves inwardly when receiving downward impact and forms elastic living hinge.

Wherein first leg can be formed in the opening of the far-end of first hollow container, the footwear outer bottom The first support post upwardly extended from the footwear outer bottom towards the vamp can be formed, and first support post is upper Portion can pass through the opening and be received into first hollow container.

Wherein the top of the first support post of the lower part and footwear outer bottom of first hollow container can be generally Form the first impact-attenuating component.

Wherein the lower part of first hollow container can be exposed in the article of footwear, and can be provided in institute State the appearance of the first column impact-attenuating component in the heel part of footwear sole construction.

The article of footwear can also include under being in substantially parallel relationship to the upper plate orientation and being arranged in the footwear outer bottom Plate.

Wherein the lower plate may include the first support component upwardly extended towards the vamp, the first support member The top of part can pass through the opening and be received into first hollow container, and first support post can wrap Include the first column of lower plate.

Wherein the footwear outer bottom may include the polymer material for substantially covering the lower plate, the polymer of the footwear outer bottom Material can form the polymeric cover on first column, and the first support post can also include on first column Footwear outer bottom polymeric cover.

The polymer material for wherein substantially covering the footwear outer bottom of the lower plate may be configured to decaying impact Flexible elastomeric material, and when the article of footwear decays downward impact, substantially cover the described poly- of the lower plate The top for closing object material can engage the part of first leg.

Wherein when the article of footwear decays downward impact, the part of the formation opening of the hollow container can To engage the top of the polymer material close to footwear outer bottom described in the opening.

Footwear outer bottom polymerization wherein when the article of footwear decays downward impact, on first support component Object covering can engage the upper interior portion region of the hollow container.

Wherein first leg may include a pair of parallel leg spaced apart, and the pair of spaced apart puts down A pair of of the support component component being arranged in the first impact-attenuating component can be formed at the lower part of capable leg.

According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of impact-attenuating support system is disclosed, is used for vamp and shoes The article of footwear of bottom structure, the footwear sole construction include being formed by foamed polymer material and adjacent to the sole of vamp positioning Interlayer and opposite with vamp footwear outer bottom at the bottom of the article of footwear, the footwear outer bottom are configured to using Middle ground-engaging, the impact-attenuating support system include: multiple impact-attenuating components, are located in the shoes of the footwear sole construction Extend in heel and between the midsole and the footwear outer bottom, the multiple impact-attenuating component respectively has big scapus The configuration of shape, wherein central axis is upright just upwardly toward the vamp between the midsole and the footwear outer bottom Extend, each of the multiple impact-attenuating component includes: support leg, by generally non-foam material material It is formed and is substantially parallel to the central axis arrangement, the support leg has the first rigidity;And core, surround institute It states support leg arrangement and is formed by polymer material, the core has second rigidity different from first rigidity;With And upper plate, it is formed by non-foam material material, the upper plate is with the upper surface oriented towards the vamp and far from institute The opposite lower surface of vamp orientation is stated, the upper plate is attached to the upper area of each of described support leg.

Wherein second rigidity can be less than first rigidity.

Wherein, for each of the multiple impact-attenuating component, the support leg can form support component, The support component can have be configured to support axial load and before reaching spinodal decomposition point unbending column intensity, and institute Support component is stated to be configurable to the bending when reaching the spinodal decomposition point and be used as elastic moveable hinge after reaching the spinodal decomposition point Connect decaying axial impact.

Wherein the impact-attenuating component can have for absorbing before the support component reaches the spinodal decomposition point First compressive strength of downward impact and for absorbing downward rush after the support component reaches the spinodal decomposition point The second compressive strength hit.

Wherein for each of the multiple impact-attenuating component, the support leg can form piston and cavity In first, the cavity can have closed end and be configured to receive piston opposite open end.

The impact-attenuating support system can also include arranging close to the footwear outer bottom and being in substantially parallel relationship to the upper plate The lower plate of orientation, the lower plate can have the multiple protrusions upwardly extended from upper surface towards the vamp, for described more Each of a impact-attenuating component, each of the multiple protrusion can be formed corresponding to the piston and the cavity In described first piston and the cavity in second, every group of corresponding piston and cavity can be formed together Damper.

Wherein each of described supporting leg shape part can be formed away from the hollow container that the vamp extends downwardly, described Hollow container can have the side wall on the convex surface of outer bend, and the side wall on the convex surface of the outer bend is configurable to when described Article of footwear curves inwardly when receiving downward impact and forms elastic living hinge.

Its split shed can be formed in the far-end of each hollow container, and the footwear outer bottom can be formed from the footwear outer bottom The multiple support posts upwardly extended towards the vamp, the multiple support post may include corresponding to the support leg The support post of each of part, and the top of each support post can pass through the opening and be received into for described It supports in corresponding one hollow container in leg.

According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of article of footwear is disclosed, with vamp and is fixed to the vamp Footwear sole construction, the footwear sole construction includes: midsole, is formed by foamed polymer material and the neighbouring vamp is determined Position;First column impact-attenuating component is located in the sole with the generally upright configuration oriented towards the vamp In the heel part of structure;Second column impact-attenuating component, it is fixed with the generally upright configuration oriented towards the vamp Position is in the heel part of the footwear sole construction;Elevated plate structure is formed by generally non-foam material and is substantially embedded into institute It states in midsole, the elevated plate structure includes: upper plate, with the upper surface oriented towards the vamp and far from described The opposite lower surface of vamp orientation;First leg extends downwardly, described first from the lower surface far from the vamp A part of the first column impact-attenuating component is formed at the lower part of leg;Second leg, it is remote from the lower surface It is extended downwardly from the vamp, a part of the second column impact-attenuating component is formed at the lower part of second leg; And lower plate, it is in substantially parallel relationship to upper plate orientation and is configured to provide for supporting, to receive during use by described the The downward impact that one column impact-attenuating component and the second column impact-attenuating component are transmitted;And footwear outer bottom, Opposite with the vamp at the bottom of the article of footwear, the footwear outer bottom is configured to ground-engaging during use.

Wherein support component, institute can be formed at the lower part of each of first leg and described second leg State support component can have be configured to support axial load and be not bent before reaching spinodal decomposition point, reaching the spinodal decomposition point When bending and after reaching the spinodal decomposition point as elasticity be movably hinged decay axial impact column intensity.

Wherein: each of first leg and second leg can form in piston and cavity One, the cavity can have closed end and be configured to receive the opposite open end of piston;And the lower plate can wrap Include the first protrusion and the second protrusion upwardly extended from the upper surface of the lower plate towards the vamp, first protrusion and institute State the second protrusion can each self-forming correspond to the piston of first leg and second leg and described recessed Second in described first piston and the cavity in chamber;Wherein for first leg and described the Damping can be collectively formed in each piston and corresponding cavity of two leg and first protrusion and second protrusion Device, the damper are configurable to decay in corresponding first column impact-attenuating component and the second column impact-attenuating component Downward impact.

Wherein each of first leg and second leg can be formed away from the vamp to downward The hollow container stretched, the hollow container can have the side wall on the convex surface of outer bend, the side on the convex surface of the outer bend Wall is configurable to that elastic living hinge is curved inwardly and formed when the article of footwear receives downward impact.

Wherein each of first leg and second leg can be in the distal ends of corresponding hollow container Place forms opening, and it is described towards corresponding to of upwardly extending of the vamp that the lower plate can form the upper surface from the lower plate The first support post and the second support post of first leg and second leg, and first support post and institute State each of second support post top can pass through it is corresponding opening and be received into corresponding first leg and In the hollow container of second leg.

The advantage and feature for characterizing the novelty of aspect of the invention are particularly pointed out in the appended claims.But In order to obtain novelty advantage and feature improved understanding, can refer to following illustrative contents and attached drawing, description With show a variety of configurations related to the present invention and conception.

Detailed description of the invention

When reading in combination with attached drawing, foregoing summary and detailed description below be will be better understood when.

Fig. 1 is the side view of the article of footwear with footwear sole construction, which is included in fills out with selectable fluid The elevated plate structure filled in the arrangement of room together exists.

Fig. 2 is the inner side view of the article of footwear of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the inner side view of the article of footwear of Fig. 1, and the cross-sectional view of a part including heel area shows frame height A part of hardened structure.

Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the footwear sole construction of the article of footwear of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the decomposition perspective view of the footwear sole construction of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 A and 6B are the cross-sectional view along the part of the footwear sole construction of the line 6A-6A and 6B-6B of Fig. 4 Fig. 3 intercepted.

Fig. 7 is the side view of the configuration for the elevated plate structure that can be used together with the article of footwear of Fig. 1.

Fig. 8 is the side view of the combinable lower plate in the elevated plate structure of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is the top view according to the upper plate of the configuration of the elevated plate structure of Fig. 7.

Figure 10 A and 10B are the rib configuration of the upper plate for the configuration for elevated plate structure that the line 10-10 of line chart 9 is intercepted Cross-sectional view.

Figure 11 is the inner side view of article of footwear, another structure including merging the elevated plate structure in footwear sole construction Type, and show by the section view in heel area a part of elevated plate structure.

Figure 12 is the inner side view of article of footwear, another structure including merging the elevated plate structure in footwear sole construction Type, and show by the section view in heel area a part of elevated plate structure.

Figure 13 be include merging in footwear sole construction and the footwear of another configuration of elevated plate structure shown in dotted line The inner side view of article.

Figure 14 be include merging in footwear sole construction and the footwear of another configuration of elevated plate structure shown in dotted line The inner side view of article.

Figure 15 is the inner side view of article of footwear, the other structure including merging the elevated plate structure in footwear sole construction Type, and show by the section view in heel area a part of elevated plate structure.

Figure 16 is the inner side view of article of footwear, the configuration including merging the elevated plate structure in footwear sole construction.

Figure 17 is the close-up side view of a part of the heel area of Figure 16.

Figure 18 is the side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 16 and Figure 17.

Figure 19 is the bottom view of the upper plate of the elevated plate structure of Figure 18 as viewed from the 19-19 line from Figure 18.

Figure 20 is bowing for the link element part of the lower plate of the elevated plate structure of Figure 18 as viewed from the 20-20 line from Figure 18 View, and be shown as removing upper plate, it illustrates the selectable connectors that lower plate and upper plate are attached at its shoes middle ends.

Figure 21 is the decomposition side view of the selectable configuration of the elevated plate structure of Figure 16-19, the configuration and corresponding punching The part for hitting attenuating member is shown together.

Figure 22 is the perspective view of the part of the assembling of the impact-attenuating component of Figure 21.

Figure 23 is the impact-attenuating component of Figure 21 and Figure 22 together with the elevated plate structure extended in impact-attenuating component The exploded view of leg lower part.

Figure 24 is the inner side view of article of footwear, including in the cooperation together with the impact-attenuating component in heel area Absorb the configuration of elevated plate structure of the merging in the arrangement of vibration in footwear sole construction.

Figure 25 is the close-up view of a part of the heel area of Figure 24.

Figure 26 is the decomposition side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 24 and Figure 25.

Figure 27 is the decomposition side view of the optional arrangement of the elevated plate structure of Figure 24 and Figure 25, wherein shock absorption feature It is reversed including the piston in lower plate and in the container being received on upper plate.

Figure 28 is the inner side view of article of footwear, including in heel area adjustable together with impact-attenuating component Absorption vibration arrangement in elevated plate structure of the merging in footwear sole construction configuration.

Figure 29 is the close-up side view of a part of the heel area of Figure 28, is shown in its together with impact-attenuating component Elevated plate structure in adjustable shock absorption arrangement.

Figure 30 is the side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 28 and Figure 29, is shown on complete impact absorbing adjusting position Out.

Figure 31 is the elevated plate structure of Figure 28-30 and the decomposition side view of the related elements for adjusting impact-attenuating.

Figure 32 is the bottom view of the top plate of the elevated plate structure of Figure 28-31 as viewed from the line 32-32 from Figure 31, including punching Hit the part of Attenuation adjustable component.

Figure 33 is the top view of the top plate of the elevated plate structure of Figure 28-31 as viewed from the line 32-32 from Figure 31, including punching Hit the part of Attenuation adjustable component.

Figure 34 is the side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 28-30, the quilt on the impact absorbing adjusting position of part change It shows.

Figure 35 is the side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 28-30, the quilt on the impact absorbing adjusting position changed completely It shows.

Figure 36 is the inner side view of article of footwear, including inhaling in heel area in the vibration together with impact-attenuating component Receive another configuration of elevated plate structure of the merging in arrangement in footwear sole construction.

The close-up side view of a part of the heel area of Figure 37 Figure 36 is shown in the shake together with impact-attenuating component The dynamic elevated plate structure absorbed in arrangement.

Figure 38 is the side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 36 and Figure 37, with other features of heel area are removed and are shown Out.

Figure 39 is the decomposition side view of the elevated plate structure of Figure 36-38, hardened with the encapsulation of the footwear outer bottom in heel area A part of the lower plate of structure is shown together.

Specific embodiment

Following discussion and attached drawing disclose the configuration of the elevated plate structure of article of footwear, the elevated plate knot of the article of footwear Structure can provide the feature of multiple beneficial and can be used together with the cooperative arrangement for including fluid-filled chamber or not include with this The cooperative arrangement of fluid-filled chamber is used together, and (for example can be rushed with multiple impact-attenuating components in heel area Hit attenuating member) it is used together or is not used together with multiple impact-attenuating component.The design for being related to elevated plate structure is independent Ground or multiple impact-attenuating components with fluid-filled chamber or in heel area refer to have in combination and are suitable for including walking Road, running and general sports the footwear of commonly used configuration be disclosed.Following discussion and attached drawing, which disclose, to be had The article of footwear of footwear sole construction, the footwear sole construction include that such as midsole element, elevated plate structure, one or more may be selected Fluid-filled chamber, multiple selectable impact-attenuating components and footwear outer bottom in heel area.

Article of footwear is disclosed as with the general configuration for being suitable for running.Design associated with the footwear can also apply In various other athletic footwear styles, for example, including spike, basketball shoes, cross-training footwear, cycling shoe, olive sneakers, height Golf ball shoes, tennis shoes, football boot, walking shoes and shoes and boots on foot.The design can also be applied to it is generally acknowledged that right and wrong The footwear types of movement, including dress shoes, lazyboot's shoes, sandals and brogan.Therefore, concepts disclosed herein is applied to more The footwear types of kind multiplicity.

Shown in figure and the various features that are mentioned above can be referred to by using directionality adjective, these sides Tropism adjective such as top, bottom, right, left, top, lower section, inside, outside etc..With reference to as shown in the accompanying drawings Article of footwear or its feature orientation these descriptions be it is for convenience and clear, and should not in any way limit range. But generally, for convenience and clarity, unless otherwise indicated, article of footwear and its feature are stood on the ground with working as The orientation that typically encounters when user wears describes.It should be understood that, if article of footwear and/or its correlated characteristic are fixed from difference It to looking, rather than is looked with wearing by user as shown in the figure or usually, then directionality adjective will change.

Article of footwear 10 is shown as including vamp 20 and footwear sole construction 30 in fig 1 and 2.For the purpose of reference, shoes Class 10 is divided into three general areas: shoes front area 11, shoes central region 12 and heel area 13.Shoes front area 11 Generally comprise the part in the joint for corresponding to toe and connecting metatarsal and phalanx of footwear 10.Shoes central region 12 generally comprises shoes The part corresponding to arch area of class 10.Heel area 13 corresponds generally to the rear portion of foot, including calcaneum.Footwear 10 also wrap Lateral surface 14 and medial surface 15 are included, each of region 11-13 is extended through and corresponds to the opposite side of footwear 10.More Specifically, lateral surface 14 corresponds to the lateral area (that is, the surface for deviating from another foot) of foot, and medial surface 15 is right It should be in the inside region (that is, surface towards another foot) of foot.Region 11-13 and side 14-15 are not intended to divide The accurate region of footwear 10.But region 11-13 and side 14-15 are intended to mean that the region substantially of footwear 10, with auxiliary Following discussion.In addition to footwear 10, region 11-13 and side 14-15 can also be applied to vamp 20, footwear sole construction 30 and its list A element.

Vamp 20 be depicted as have generally conventional configuration, the configuration include multiple material element (for example, fabric, Foam, leather, synthetic leather), the multiple material element be sewn or adhesiveness be combined together, to be formed for cosily And firmly receive the internal cavities of foot.The material elements can be selected and be positioned about vamp 20, selectively to assign Give the property of such as durability, gas permeability, wear resistance, flexibility and comfort.Ankle opening 21 in heel area 13 The entrance of the internal cavities can be provided.In addition, vamp 20 may include shoestring 22, shoestring 22 is applied in a usual manner, to adjust The size for saving internal cavities, so that foot is fixed in the internal cavities and help entrance and shifting of the foot from the internal cavities Out.Shoestring 22 can extend through the hole in vamp 20, and the medial side portion 23 of vamp 20 can be in internal cavities and shoestring 22 Between extend.In view of a variety of aspects of current discussion relate generally to footwear sole construction 30, vamp 20 can show described above General configuration or actually any other conventional or unconventional vamp general configuration.Therefore, total knot of vamp 20 Structure can significantly change.

Footwear sole construction 30 is fixed to vamp 20 and has the configuration extended between vamp 20 and ground.In addition to damply Except face reaction force (that is, buffering foot), footwear sole construction 30 can provide attachment frictional force, assign stability and limit a variety of Foot movement, it is such as interior to turn.As shown in Fig. 4-6B, the main element of footwear sole construction 30 is midsole element 40, elevated plate structure 50, one or more selectable rooms 60 and footwear outer bottom 70.Each of these elements will be discussed in detail below.

Midsole element 40 is fixed to the lower area of vamp 20 (for example, by suture, adhesive combination or heat knot Close) and each of extend through region 11-13 and extend between sides 14 and 15.It encloses the part of midsole element 40 Around the exposure of the periphery of footwear sole construction 30, but can also be covered by other elements, such as material layer from vamp 20.Midsole Element 40 is mainly formed by foamed polymer material, such as polyurethanes or ethylene vinyl acetate, when walk, running or Footwear sole construction 30 contacts ground and when being compressed by ground during other walking movements, the foamed polymer material work for Decaying ground reaction force.

The elevated plate structure 50 of footwear sole construction 30 is at least partially embedded in midsole element 40, and extends also through area Each of domain 11-13 and extend between sides 14 and 15.In the other configuration of footwear 10, elevated plate structure 50 can To be limited to the lesser region of footwear 10.As an example, elevated plate structure 50 can be primarily located in heel area 13, It can be merely positioned on medial surface 15 or can be positioned as only extending under a part of foot.Although midsole element 40 can To be formed by a variety of foamed polymer materials, but elevated plate structure 50 can be formed by a variety of non-foam material materials.? That is elevated plate structure 50 can have more closely knit than midsole element 40 and less porous aspect.For example, it uses Include thermoplasticity and thermoset polyurethane, polyester, gather in the example of the suitable polymer material of elevated plate structure 50 The alloy of carbamate and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), nylon and polyether block amide.

As shown in figure 5, elevated plate structure 50 includes upper plate 52, upper plate 52 has upper surface 51 and opposite lower surface 53. Upper surface 51 is towards vamp 20, and lower surface 53 is away from vamp 20 and towards footwear outer bottom 70.Multiple leg 56 are from lower surface 53 It is extended downwardly towards footwear outer bottom 70, and engages footwear outer bottom 70 or the selectable lower plate 54 of engagement.The distal portion 55 of leg can To engage footwear outer bottom 70 at the upper area 59 of footwear outer bottom 70 or be engaged at the upper face 57 of selectable lower plate 54 Selectable lower plate 54.Upper plate 52 and leg 56 are together with selectable lower plate 54 (if including) formation footwear sole construction 30 Heel area 13 in the high cage 65 of frame, foamed polymer material and/or fluid-filled chamber 60 can be positioned at this height Cage 65 in.

When being embedded in midsole element 40, upper surface 51 can be by the foamed polymer material of midsole element 40 Substantially over, and the rest part of elevated plate structure 50 can be generally placed in foamed polymer material.That is, The major part of elevated plate structure 50 can be embedded in midsole element 40, but the part of elevated plate structure 50 can be with as needed Exposure.

Many article of footwear are included as the plate that footwear sole construction assigns rigidity.That is, the plate in many article of footwear is to inhibit shoes The curved relative stiffness of bottom structure and the component of inflexibility.In contrast, with inhibit curved conventional rigidity and can not Curved component is compared, elevated plate structure 50 by with relatively small thickness (for example, between the surface 51 and 53 of upper plate 52 Distance) its upper plate 52 and selectable lower plate 54 help be bent while the benefit in structure being provided.In many configurations, upper plate 52 generally have the thickness at 0.5 millimeter and 1.5 millimeters or more.When by polymer material as discussed above Or when the formation of one of other conventional polymeric materials, thickness in the range of 0.5 millimeter and 1.5 millimeters is to footwear sole construction 30 assign significant flexibility.

Although elevated plate structure 50 can assign significant rigidity to footwear sole construction 30, elevated plate structure 50 is also provided A variety of advantages, including mitigating or otherwise reducing perception to room 60.That is, elevated plate structure 50 and especially upper plate 51 Feel or discover the existing degree of room 60 in the lower surface for being effectively prevented or minimizing foot.In addition, elevated plate structure 50 to Midsole element 40 increases intensity, this inhibits rupture at high bending point or splits.Therefore, elevated plate structure 50 has phase To small thickness, this promotes bending, while mitigating the feeling to room 60 and increasing intensity to midsole element 40.

Also, the frame of elevated plate structure 50 it is high/configuration of cage type can provide a large amount of structure benefit to footwear sole construction 30 Place, this can in a certain direction movement and impact be particularly advantageous.The some examples being discussed further below It include: the shock absorption benefit (including benefit as provided by fluid-filled chamber) for reinforcing midsole;For in particular directions Impact increased support, such as downward impact and angled forward degree or impact angled backward are provided;Reduce user couple The perceptibility of fluid-filled chamber;And the heel during impact for user provides hinges support.

The various aspects of upper plate 51 can be different from the configuration of relatively flat discribed in figure.For example, upper plate 51 can be with It is profiling in the region being connect with room 60, or can is profiling to be formed in the low-lying portion in heel area 13.? In other configuration, upper plate 51 can also have multiple flanks or hole, the property of these flanks or hole change footwear sole construction 30.This Many in a little changes will be discussed in.

Room 60 has the general structure of the cryptomere formed by the polymer material of encapsulation fluid (for example, gas, liquid, colloid) Type.Although the fluid in room 60 can be pressurization, which is also in generally environmental pressure.It room 60 can be neighbouring The lower surface 53 of upper plate 51 is maintained in cage 65 and extends downwardly from upper plate 51.Also, the upper area of room 60 can be Upper plate 51 is fixed at lower surface 53.A variety of adhesives, thermal technology or mechanical system can be used for for being fixed to room 60 Plate 51.In addition, the side 61 and 62 of room 60 can be attached to the interior zone of leg 65.The lower area of room 60 can be neighbouring Footwear outer bottom 70 and/or lower plate 54 (if present) position and fix to footwear outer bottom 70 and/or lower plate 54 (if there is Words).Moreover, as shown in Figure 1-3, the part of side wall 61 and 62 or the periphery surface of room 60 can be in outer side 14 and medial surfaces 15 It is exposed to the outside of footwear 10 in the two from shoes front area 11 to heel area 13.

As an example, room 60 may include various features or show the general configuration of fluid-filled chamber, these features or structure Type is disclosed in No. 7,556,846 United States Patent (USP) of Dojan et al.;No. 7,243,443 United States Patent (USP) of Swigart, No. 6,571,490 United States Patent (USP) of Tawney, Schindler No. 7,131,218 United States Patent (USP), Holt etc. 2008/ In No. 2009/0151196 U.S. Patent Application Publication of No. 0276490 U.S. Patent Application Publication and Schindler et al.. Polymer material in extensive range can be used for room 60.Selection be used for room 60 material when, it may be considered that material prevent by The ability for the fluid diffusion that chamber 60 is accommodated and the engineering properties of material are (for example, tensile strength, extended nature, fatigue are special Property, dynamic modulus and loss angle tangent).When being formed by polymer material, room 60 can have approximate 1.0 millimeters of thickness, But the thickness can for example change at 0.25 millimeter to 4.0 millimeters or more, this depends on used specific poly- Close object material.The example for the thermoplastic, polymeric materials that may adapt to room 60 include urethanes, polyurethanes, Polyester, polyester polyurethane and polyether polyurethane.A variety of thermoset copolymer materials can be used for Room 60.The more specific example that can be used for the material of room 60 includes a variety of materials disclosed in any one of following patent: (a) United States Patent (USP) of the Patent No. 4,183,156,4,219,945,4,936,029 and 5,042,176 of Rudy;(b) The United States Patent (USP) of the Patent No. 5,713,141 and 5,952,065 of Mitchell et al.;And (c) patent No. of Bonk et al. For 6,013,340,6,082,025,6,127,026,6,203,868 and 6,321,465 United States Patent (USP).

Fluid in room 60 can be pressurized to normal pressure.In some configurations, room 60 can encapsulate fluid, and the fluid is zero It pressurizes between 350 kPas (that is, approximate 51 pound per square inches) or more.In addition to air and nitrogen, 60 institute of room The fluid of receiving may include octafluoropropane or in the gas disclosed in No. 4,340,626 United States Patent (USP) of Rudy It is any, such as, for example, perfluoroethane and sulfur hexafluoride.Footwear outer bottom 70 can be fixed to the lower surface area of room 60 simultaneously And can be formed by textured, durable and anti abrasive material (for example, rubber), the ground which forms footwear 10 connects Contact portion point.A variety of adhesives, thermal technology or mechanical system can be used for footwear outer bottom 70 being fixed to room 60.

When foot is located in vamp 20, midsole element 40, elevated plate structure 50, room 60 and footwear outer bottom 70 are in foot Lower section extends, and with ground reaction force of decaying, provides attachment frictional force, assigns stability and limits a variety of foot movements.More Particularly, when applying power from foot, the leg of the foamed polymer material of midsole element 40, elevated plate structure 50 Part and the compression of the fluid of room 60 filling aspect, bending otherwise deform, with ground reaction force of decaying.Elevated plate knot Structure 50 assigns a variety of benefits, including mitigating or otherwise reduce perception to room 60 (if including), and according to Its geometry provides directionality support, stabilized benefit and shock absorption.That is, elevated plate structure 50 can be effectively prevented Or it minimizes the lower surface feeling of foot or discovers the existing degree of room 60, and move together and be bent, absorb with foot Vibration on specific direction and increase intensity for midsole element 40.Footwear outer bottom 70, which also has, assigns the durable of attachment frictional force And anti abrasive configuration.Therefore, the Various Components of footwear sole construction 30 collaboratively work, a variety of excellent to provide to footwear 10 Point.

Multiple technologies can be used for manufacturing footwear sole construction 30.As an example, room 60 can be placed in cage 65 and fix To elevated plate structure 50.Mold can be used to form midsole element 40 and elevated plate structure 50 and room 60 are embedded in sole In sandwich element 40.Then footwear outer bottom 70 can be fixed to the midsole element 40 including room 60 and elevated plate structure 50.

With reference to Fig. 7-10B, show the other configuration of elevated plate structure 50, generally include aspect discussed above and Selection, together with the possible configuration of elevated plate structure 50.As shown in fig. 7, elevated plate structure 150 may include having general material The upper plate 152 of thickness T, thickness T can be about 0.5mm to 1.5mm in many configurations.In many configurations, leg 156 Material thickness T identical with upper plate 152 can be generally maintained, to provide the elevated plate structure with material thickness unanimous on the whole 150.This configuration of material thickness with consistent about 0.5mm to 1.5mm can provide relatively thin elevated plate structure 150, to assign flexible to midsole 40 while be capable of providing the benefit discussed above according to its geometry and configuration.

But in addition, the geometry property of could provide direction of elevated plate structure 150 or other specific benefits.For example, Leg 156 can have the width W greater than its material thickness T, such as with 2 to 3 times bigger than its material thickness T of width W.This Kind configuration can provide the bigger vertical support and impact-attenuating for vertical vibration, without significantly affecting footwear sole construction 30 Lateral flexibility or overall flex.In other configurations, the material that the material thickness T of leg 156 can be greater than upper plate 152 is thick Degree, to provide the support reinforced and for the impact-attenuating of vertical vibration, without significantly affecting footwear sole construction in other directions On flexibility, the flexibility of the footwear sole construction of the underface for the heel in user that can be such as perceived or cross sole knot The flexibility of the width of structure.

As another illustrative configuration, upper plate 152 can be formed as one between alternate elongated support ribs 182 Series of cavities 180, elongated support ribs 182 are formed together the supporting network below user's heel, which can also be Cupuliform, to cooperate the curve of heel.It the center of the slave heel area of elongate rib 182 can be to this configuration of external radiation Highly flexible and profiling support arrangement is provided below the heel of user, is experienced with improving impact-attenuating and reducing heel Vibration perceptibility.Also, in addition to the flexibility of the high hardened structure 150 of hog frame, cavity 180 can improve upper plate and midsole member The combination of the foamed polymer material of part 40.That is, the foamed polymer material can extend across cavity 180, with more preferable Elevated plate structure 150 is fixed to midsole element 40 by ground.

Referring now to Figure 8, showing lower plate 154, can be included together with the elevated plate structure 150 of Fig. 7.As shown Out, lower plate 154 can have the material thickness T being substantially the same with the material thickness T of upper plate 152, to provide structural benefit Flexibility is assigned while with support benefit, but it can also be thicker than upper plate 152 or thinner as needed.The upper table of lower plate 154 Face 157 may include the bracket 186 for being formed as recess portion on the upper surface of which, for receiving the end 155 of leg 156. Bracket 186 can reinforce the desired structural intergrity between leg 156 and lower plate 154, and improve leg in use The holding of shape part.Bracket 186 can the other attachment mechanism with such as adhesive or other bond materials be used together, or Other attachment mechanism not with such as adhesive or other bond materials is used together, and can be helped in an assembling process Elevated plate structure 150 is mated properly into footwear sole construction 30.

With reference to Fig. 9, Figure 10 A and Figure 10 B, upper plate 252 is shown as a kind of variant of upper plate 152, in addition to indicated herein, Upper plate 252 generallys include the aspect and selection of upper plate 152.Similar to upper plate 152, upper plate 252 includes multiple recess portions 288, recess portion 288 form throughout upper plate and are arranged between support ribs 282.But recess portion 288 is formed as throughout continuous upper plate framework (this continuously upper plate framework extend between flank 282) and the multiple lesser recess portions arranged, rather than it is as shown in Figure 7 Single big cavity between flank 182.It should be understood that for both configurations of Fig. 7 and Fig. 9, when being embedded in midsole 40, The polymer foams of midsole 40 can extend through the recess portion 180 and 288 in upper plate 152 and 252 and fill upper plate Recess portion 180 and 288 in 152 and 252, to improve holding of the elevated plate structure in midsole.It is multiple small in upper plate 252 The use of recess portion 288 can reinforce the flexibility of upper plate, while the intensity bigger than the configuration of the big recess portion 180 of Fig. 7 is provided for upper plate And globality.

As the configuration of Fig. 7, flank 282 can be outwardly directed to from the upper plate central area below the heel of user The neighboring area of plate extends.Also, some legs for preferably extending to extend downwardly from upper plate in the flank in two kinds of configurations Shape part 156 and 256 is simultaneously connect with leg 156 and 256.Flank 282 shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10 A and Figure 10 B passes through upper plate 252 Protrusion (or may be selected scheme in for recess) part formed.As shown in Figure 10 A, raised flank shape can lead to It crosses to form the bigger material thickness of the flank to provide.As shown in Figure 10 B, raised flank shape can also be somebody's turn to do by providing Flank shape is provided without increasing the raised channel shape of material thickness.It should be understood, of course, that flank (and the phase shown With flank change) may be provided as the flank being downwardly oriented rather than protrusion flank, and other flank variants be can Can, such as upper plate matrix thickness with neighbour nearly flank is bigger or the conduit cross section flank of smaller material thickness.No Specific configuration is managed, flank 282 and its variant can provide the directionality support reinforced based on its geometry and orientation, without Significantly affect the overall flex of upper plate 252.For example, flank 182 and 282 can be the heel of user in the configuration shown There is provided the support reinforced and by some leg 156,256 for being transferred to elevated plate structure 150,250 in power that heel is subject to, Without increasing significant thickness or rigidity to footwear sole construction 30.

Referring now to Figure 11, another configuration of elevated plate structure 350 is shown as a part of article of footwear 10, remove Indicated herein, which includes aspect discussed above and selection.Although not shown fluid-filled chamber, still It should be understood that one or more fluid-filled chambers can merge with elevated plate structure 350.

In general, elevated plate structure 350 is similar to elevated plate structure 150 and 250, in addition to about leg 355.Such as figure Shown, leg 355 is slightly toward to be bent each other, as it extends from upper plate 352 towards lower plate 354, on thickness gradually Reduce, and engagement lower plate 354 is arranged with sliding.With other arrangements, leg 355 can pass through itself and upper plate 352 Living hinge is served as in flexible connection, and serves as spring by its vertical orientation, and to absorb between heel and footwear outer bottom The power of transmitting.

But in addition, the leg 355 of elevated plate structure 350 can be by allowing when a large amount of downward impact of decaying It is slided toward each other along lower plate 354 further to absorb the power transmitted between heel and footwear outer bottom its leg end 356.This Sample, when needing to absorb big impact, leg 355 can be bent significantly, be more than static buckling.In addition, in serious punching During hitting, leg 355 can be with the part of laterally compressed midsole 40, to enhance its validity, and such as effect is big Impact process in the laterally compressed fluid-filled chamber being arranged between leg part, with enhance its shock absorption spy Property.

Referring now to Figure 12, another configuration of elevated plate structure 450 is shown as a part of article of footwear 10, remove It is indicated herein comprising aspect discussed above and setting.Elevated plate structure 450 and elevated plate structure 350 are essentially identical, In addition to the end 456 of leg 455 is kept with the configuration fixed with lower plate 454.In this way, leg 455 can be by according to it Bowed shape is bent and significant ground decay stress, and its end 456 does not inwardly translate in impact process.

Figure 13 and Figure 14 shows one in the directionality benefit that can be realized by the particular configuration of elevated plate structure A bit.Elevated plate structure 550 shown in Figure 13 includes the leg 555 to turn forward, and the elevated plate structure 650 of Figure 14 include to The leg 655 of rear-inclined.Such configuration can be directed to the special-purpose of such as special movement, and more particularly, can Certain benefits are provided to be configured to move in met with action process at these.For example, the movement for such as basketball, for foot Decaying with providing bigger support and sweptback impact may be beneficial, and the movement for such as football, provide The decaying of bigger support and the impact to turn forward may be more useful.According to the demand of specific movement and sports items Come concrete configuration elevated plate structure ability can be it is very useful.

As other example, provided in some sports a kind of elevated plate structural configuration may be it is beneficial, should Elevated plate structural configuration provides the decaying of outstanding vertical support and power, such as continually to meet with a large amount of vertical bounce and falling Certain basket ballers or other sportsmen on ground provide the decaying of outstanding vertical support and power.Figure 15 is depicted for these The exemplary configurations of the elevated plate structure 750 of purposes.In the example shown, elevated plate structure 750 includes double leg 755, double Leg 755 extends in the vibration part 795 in heel area 13 as pillar, when meeting with big vertical force, can mention For significantly reinforcing and impact-attenuating.In addition, elevated plate structure 750 includes thicker upper plate 752 and lower plate 754, the two is super Heel area 13 extends in shoes central region 12 out.Although it is not shown, it should be understood that elevated plate structure 750 and other High hardened structure can pass through shoes central region 12 from heel area 13 and shoes front area 11 generally extends the complete of article of footwear It is long, or according to the part for needing to extend in any of these regions for particular configuration.

Referring now to Figure 16, another structure of elevated plate structure 850 is shown as a part of article of footwear 10, remove It is indicated herein comprising aspect discussed above and selection.In general, elevated plate structure 850 be configured to one or Multiple impact-attenuating components 895 are integrated and cooperate with one or more impact-attenuating components 895 to improve its performance, this or Multiple impact-attenuating components 895 can be arranged in heel area 13.Therefore, elevated plate structure 850 and elevated plate structure 850 with The combination configuration of its integrated impact-attenuating component 895 can be referred to as the integrated configuration of elevated plate structure and impact-attenuating system 811.Impact-attenuating component 895 can be formed as column impact-attenuating component 895, and configuration can be referred to as " SHOX ", ginseng It examines from the Oregon commercial product for belonging to " SHOX " brand trademark more available than the Nike not paused.Many configuration selections Scheme is available impact-attenuating component, including the various configurations for different types of article of footwear, or even for same The various configuration of the different impact-attenuating components of one article of footwear.However, by the non-foam material of such as elevated plate structure 850 Elevated plate structure and the integrated range for greatly strengthening configuration selection scheme of impact-attenuating component and fine tuning integrated form impact-attenuating The ability of the performance characteristic of component.

Although impact-attenuating component be shown in this example and many other examples of this paper it is generally cylindrical and Be located in heel area, but any number of impact-attenuating component can with many configurations and with elevated plate structural configuration Variation integrated and be provided in footwear sole construction at various desired positions.For example, impact declines in some configurations Subtract component can in one or more of outside below, inside and/or intermediate longitudinal portion with elevated plate structural configuration It is provided and integrates together: the rear portion of the heel area of footwear sole construction (a);(b) the center heel part of heel area;(c) front Heel part (forefoot heel portion) (for example, in front of another impact-attenuating component);(d) shoes central region;And (e) shoes front area.In many configurations, some or all of Single Impact attenuating member can make from article of footwear Included at external at least partly visible position and orientation, it can Nike from Oregon than not pausing for example, being similar to The available commercial product for belonging to " SHOX " brand trademark of company.Selectively, if it is desired, one in impact-attenuating component It is a or it is multiple can be hidden or at least partly be hidden in entire footwear or foot holding device product structure, such as in sole In the foamed material of sandwich element, in gas filling capsule component, etc..

Also, impact-attenuating component can be designed and/or be configured to configuration it is different and in identical article of footwear The resistance to impact force of different stage is provided when other impact-attenuating components compare.For example, impact-attenuating component can wrap Include stretchable spring or tension element, with the spring or tension element of other configurations or the spring of other impact-attenuating components or Tension element is compared, and the stretchable spring or tension element have greater or lesser rigidity under impact force.As another The component of a example, the different impact-attenuating configurations and various configuration in identical article of footwear may include the main body of relative stiffness Component, the main component of one of impact-attenuating component compared with the main component of another impact-attenuating component under impact force More rigid (for example, to make the first impact-attenuating component feel more rigid, more incompressible, less inflatable, etc.).

As other example, impact-attenuating component (selectively can include comprising elasticity for the form of cylindrical component The cylindrical component of body material and/or cylindrical component comprising plastics), one of elastomer cylindrical component is than other elastomers column Shape component has higher density, more rigid and/or more incompressible.If desired, one in impact-attenuating component or Multiple to can be selectively adjustable, one of impact-attenuating component is set to compared with another impact-attenuating component More rigid setting and/or at more rigid orientation.In other other examples, if it is desired, impact-attenuating component It can be at least partially accommodated into and keep in structure, it is many of to keep structure that there is the holding knot than other impact-attenuating components The greater or lesser tensility flexible and/or smaller of structure.The various features of impact-attenuating component and can configure for arrangement Property can provide many advantages to meet the demand and preference of the variation to article of footwear, and the article of footwear is by many different types of User is used for various activities.However, adapting to the big variation or master of impact-attenuating member configuration in production environment It will be based on to form the use of the multiple material of impact-attenuating component, come accurate adjustment, its feature may be tired with of different nature Difficult.

Elevated plate structure and impact-attenuating component it is integrated can greatly improve impact-attenuating component for article of footwear can The overall impact fade performance feature of configurability and footwear sole construction, and make it easier to adapt to many different variations.As above Pointed, non-foam material elevated plate structure can be with injection molding, such as thickness that can be configured in many ways except permission Material selection except, this also allows it with large-scale geometry and other modifiable characteristics.By impact-attenuating structure The structure for impact-attenuating component is extended in the same manner as part is integrated with these non-foam material structures molded with a variety of configurations The range of type and performance characteristics.In this way, the non-foam material elevated plate structure integrated with impact-attenuating component can provide perhaps More and variation footwear sole construction configuration, these footwear sole construction configurations can according to need to be provided for a variety of article of footwear and purposes Required large-scale performance characteristic.The illustrative configuration of the elevated plate structure disclosed herein integrated with impact-attenuating component Show it is some in the type for the beneficial integrated arrangement that can be provided, and can by these technologies and selection for spy Determine advantage provided by the combination of the feature of configuration.

It referring back to the configuration of Figure 16, is also shown in Figure 17-20, elevated plate structure 850 generally includes insertion sole Upper plate 852 in sandwich element 40, the lower plate 854 in insertion footwear outer bottom 70 and extended downwardly from upper plate 852 and with lower plate 854 Upper surface connection multiple leg 855.Similar to elevated plate structure 750, in the leg 855 of elevated plate structure 850 The central part of each and impact-attenuating component 895 integrates and extends through the central part of impact-attenuating component 895, impact Attenuating member 895 is cylindricality in the configuration shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17.Leg 855 extends through respective impact-attenuating The lower part of component 895 and respective overall impact attenuating member 895 integrate and form respective overall impact attenuating member 895 A part.

For example, as shown in figure 17, the lower part 871 of the leg at rear portion extends through the impact-attenuating component 895 at rear portion simultaneously It is integrated with the impact-attenuating component 895 at rear portion.In its upright configuration, lower legs part 871 serves as rear impact and declines Subtract the newel in component, and therefore there is the column intensity for reaching its spinodal decomposition point that can resist downward impact.Therefore, for inhaling Receive the total impact-attenuating for reaching the rear impact attenuating member 895 of column intensity impacted downwards of lower legs part 871 Performance can be the impact-attenuating characteristic (for example, compressibility) of the impact-attenuating component in addition to lower legs part 871 And the combination of the column intensity of lower legs part 871.The geometry of leg 855 and lower legs part 871 can Its column intensity is increased or decreased relatively easily to configure as needed, such as provides greater or lesser width, including similar The larger rigid cross-sectional shape of cross shape or smaller rigid cross-sectional shape with similar rectangle.Therefore, when most When just meeting with downward impact, total impact-attenuating performance characteristics of impact-attenuating component 895 can be based on change rear portion leg Configuration and its column intensity of part 855 and be finely adjusted.

When the column intensity of integrated column 871 is satisfied while meeting with downward impact, it is believed that had arrived at it Spinodal decomposition point, in the spinodal decomposition point, column 871 starts to be bent.After reaching its spinodal decomposition point, lower legs part 871 is with its continuation It meets with downward impact and is bent, during this period, serve as living hinge.During the stage of impact, impact-attenuating component 895 total impact-attenuating characteristic by be lower legs part 871 when serving as hinges characteristic and impact-attenuating The combination of the characteristic of the rest part of component 895.Lower legs part similarly as described above reaches before its spinodal decomposition point Stage, the configuration of leg 855 can be modified to finely tune its performance and function simultaneously as living hinge, example during this stage Such as by the way that the variation of its curved geometry can be influenced, by the non-foamed for forming leg 855 and elevated plate structure The change of polymer material with different material property is provided and by lower legs part and impact-attenuating component it is integrated Mode and during bending with the component interaction mode.

Except when other configurability is provided when being integrated in impact-attenuating component 895 for impact-attenuating component 895, under The integrated of portion leg part 871 also achieves the performance characteristics enhanced during impact-attenuating.For example, if rear impact The impact-attenuating of attenuating member 895 is typically based on the compressible of impact-attenuating component (not including lower legs part 871) Property a single state performance curve, then lower legs part 871, which is integrated in, to provide multistage for integrated component Performance curve.Particularly, when reception reaches the downward impact of spinodal decomposition point during the first stage, lower legs part 871 Compression is resisted, and is bent after arrival spinodal decomposition point during second stage and serves as living hinge.Therefore, phase in the first stage Between, when originally receiving downward impact, integrated impact-attenuating component 895 has first group of impact absorbing of minimal compression special Property, also, during second stage, received after lower legs part has arrived at its spinodal decomposition point major part to undershoot The impact-attenuating component 895 integrated when hitting, which has, provides second group of impact-absorbing characteristics of much bigger compression.

As depicted in figures 18-20, elevated plate structure 850 can also include at its front end upper plate 852 and lower plate 854 it Between the feature for being fixedly connected with portion 851.The front end of lower plate 854 includes extension 853, the extension 853 it is angled up with The front end of upper plate 852 is encountered at shoes central region 12.The front end of lower plate 854 includes one group of uncinus 857, this group of uncinus Lower plate is simultaneously attached to upper plate securely by 857 one group of corresponding slit 859 of engagement, which passes through the front end shape of upper plate 852 At.As above other elevated plate structures are discussed, the lower end of leg 855 can be attached to lower plate in many ways 854 top, for example combine and/or be accepted in the recess portion in the top for being formed in lower plate via adhesive.It is fixedly connected The stability of these attachments and elevated plate structure 850 can be enhanced in the optional feature in portion 851, and improves it as footwear sole construction The globality of 30 structural supports provided, while allowing the advantage of configurability and manufacturability, configurability and manufacturability Advantage can be by being formed separately upper plate 852 (for example, passing through injection molding) and later that they are attached each other with lower plate 854 Offer is provided.

Referring now to Figure 21-23, the elevated plate structure 950 integrated with impact-attenuating component 995 is generally shown in addition Configuration 911.In addition to indicated herein, the configuration of Figure 21-23 generally include in conjunction with Figure 16-20 configuration discussed aspect and Feature.Particularly, elevated plate structure 950 is different from being at least one of its leg 955 in place of elevated plate structure 850 (such as front inner leg 961) includes multiple teeth 963 being laterally extended.Also, impact-attenuating component 995 includes 965 He of core Shell 967, core 965 are formed around the lower part of front inner leg 961, and half-shell 969 of the core 965 with a pair is formed. The half-shell of cooperation is attached to the opposite side of the lower part of front inner leg 961, and is accepted in from the tooth 963 that leg extends It is formed in the corresponding recess portion 973 in half-shell.Outer housing 967 is usually formed as hollow cylinder, which surrounds It is attached to the half-shell of the lower part of leg 961.

The configuration characteristic of the variation of elevated plate structure 950, the especially configuration characteristic of the variation of lower legs 961, are removed Change to be also based on except the performance characteristics of lower legs and how integrate lower legs 961 and impact-attenuating component To enhance the performance characteristic of integrated impact-attenuating component 995.In other words, change lower legs and impact-attenuating component collection At mode can enhance the performance characteristics of integrated unit except the characteristic of change component.For example, laterally from leg 961 Ground, which extends and engages the tooth 963 of half-shell 969, can be enhanced the ability that component serves as integrated unit, such as under leg 961 After portion arrived its spinodal decomposition point and just serve as living hinge, the performance of integrated unit can be in addition improved.Since tooth 963 connects Half-shell is closed, tooth 963 is joined in half-shell 969 bending strength that can increase living hinge by recess portion 973.Also, when reception When bigger downward impact, the overall configuration of the unit based on half-shell rather than the feature of component, such as by by half-shell (half-shell It is lower legs part 961 is sandwiched therebetween and be increased the tooth of its bending strength and engaged) the reinforcement feature that provides, it can be with Total impact-attenuating component 995 is promoted to serve as the single unit with impact-attenuating performance characteristics.

As another example, leg 961 may include other structure feature, such as the rib extended around its periphery Portion can be improved its vertical intensity, and more firmly the half-shell of cooperation be maintained in the configuration of assembling, to improve integral unit Performance.In addition, the performance of integrated impact-attenuating component also can be enhanced in the configuration characteristic of impact-attenuating component.For example, such as Noted above, when receiving impact downwards, it is formed in half-shell 969 recess portion 973 to receive tooth 963 and even accommodates The half-shell configuration of tooth 963 itself improves the ability that integrated component serves as unit.In addition, the feature of shell 967 (for example has Greater than the rigidity of the rigidity of core 965) performance of integrated impact-attenuating component 995 can be enhanced, integrated rush can be improved in this Hit the bending resistance of attenuating member.

Although these features show front inner impact-attenuating component and describe, it can be answered as needed For other impact-attenuating components, including it is applied to all impact-attenuating components or is only applied to selected impact-attenuating structure Part.Particular characteristic feature for article of footwear can be by integrating at the different location in footwear sole construction 30 with different The configuration of impact-attenuating component provides.For example, instead of the structure discussed above for front inner impact-attenuating component 967 Type can have different with the posterior medial leg 977 of the arrangement integrated from corresponding posterior medial impact-attenuating component Integrated configuration, for example it is configured to the configuration previously discussed in conjunction with Figure 16-20.That is, posterior medial leg 977 can be with Configured by not including the arrangement of tooth 963, received after arrived spinodal decomposition point in lower legs part big part to When lower impact (as in conjunction with discussing Figure 16-20), with integrated 995 phase of front inner impact-attenuating component with tooth configuration Than not include that the arrangement configuration posterior medial leg 977 of tooth 963 can permit the integrated impact-attenuating component tool of posterior medial There are bigger shock absorption performance characteristics.This different performance characteristics may be desired, for example, when article of footwear meet with to Under impact when for allowing the biggish shock absorption at the rear portion of heel and the lesser shake near shoes central region It is dynamic to absorb.

Referring now to Figure 24-26, another structure of the elevated plate structure 1050 integrated with impact-attenuating component 995 is shown Type 1011 generallys include the aspect and feature discussed above in association with elevated plate structure 850 and 950 in addition to indicated herein. As best seen from, elevated plate structure 1050 generallys include upper plate 1052, lower plate 1054, under upper plate in Figure 25 and Figure 26 The leg 1055 and the protrusion 1083 upwardly extended from the upper surface of lower plate, the lower surface of the upper plate that surface extends downwardly exist Its far-end forms piston 1081, and the upper surface of the lower plate forms hollow container 1085.Hollow container 1085 includes close to lower plate It the closed end 1087 of 1054 upper surface, the side wall formed by protrusion 1083 and is opened by what the upper distal end of protrusion 1083 was formed Mouth 1089.Hollow container 1085 is configured to that piston 1081 is received into its inside 1091 across opening 1089 with vertical horizontal displacement layout In.The cross-sectional shape of piston 1081 and hollow container 1085 is similar (for example having circular cross sectional shape), to allow Realize that piston is slidably engaged in container with merging.

The corresponding hollow container 1085 of the piston 1081 and receiving of each leg 1055 piston is in corresponding impact Damper 1093 is formed together in each of attenuating member 1095.Damper 1093 can work to absorb to undershoot Energy during hitting simultaneously damps these impacts, this can reduce the vibration and other effects of the impact felt by user, And improve the performance of impact-attenuating component.Impact-attenuating component 1095 may include elastic container 1067, and elastic container 1067, which is surround, to be subtracted It shakes device and selectively can provide other impact-attenuatings around other components, such as flexible core (not shown), the flexible core Feature with integrated damper configuration to concur.For example, shell 1067 by flexible foaming polymer or can serve as Spring is formed with the other materials for resisting displacement, absorbing impact and restoring the configuration before impact.Damper is surrounded such as in shell Selectable other components of the flexible core (not shown) of arrangement can provide other impact-attenuation characteristics, such as stiffened shell Spring effect.

Although the configuration of the elevated plate structure 1050 shown in Figure 25 and Figure 26 shows the work extended downwardly from upper plate 1052 It fills in 1081 and is shown as the corresponding container 1085 formed by the protrusion 1083 extended from lower plate 1054, however, it is understood that Other dampers arrangement can be used.For example, Figure 27 shows the selectable arrangement of elevated plate structure 1150, has and The piston 1181 formed from the extension of lower plate 1154 and the container 1185 formed by the extension from upper plate 1152.

Referring now to Figure 28-35, the another kind for showing elevated plate structure 1250 and impact-attenuating component 1295 integrates structure Type 1211.The configuration of Figure 28-35 generallys include the aspect of the elevated plate structure previously discussed integrated with impact-attenuating component And selection, such as the elevated plate structure 750,850,950 and 1050 integrated with impact-attenuating component 795,895,995 and 1095. As shown in figure 29, impact-attenuating component 1295 is formed as the upright support 1295 of molding, the upright support of the molding 1295 usually for example generate with molding midsole 40 together, and are shaped generally as columnar impact-attenuating component, such as Impact-attenuating component 695,795,895,995 and 1095 are discribed.

Integrated configuration 1211 is with configuration above-mentioned main difference is that it includes allowing user's selectivity Ground adjusts the feature of impact-attenuating setting.For example, as being generally illustrated in Figure 30, the adjustable control device 1231 of user It can be arranged in the position easily accessible for user, such as the rear portion of heel.It is such arrangement can permit user according to Need to change impact-attenuating setting, for example with the desired use for article of footwear in the near future, which will very The foot of user and article of footwear may be exposed to the impact of different type and intensity, or simply for adaptation user Comfort preference change.Integrated configuration 1211 can permit user and easily vary setting on control device 1231 It sets, for example passes through the turntable on rotating device.The setting of change can lead to the bullet being slidably disposed in hollow container 1285 Property insertion piece 1233 be raised and lowered, and the engagement of more or fewer impact-attenuatings, Yi Jibao are therefore provided when receiving impact Dew, change or coverage gap 1235 (are not shown in Figure 30;See Figure 34 and Figure 35), gap 1235 also changes provided impact The amount and type of decaying.

Elevated plate structure 1250 include upper plate 1252, lower plate 1254, the leg 1255 that is extended downwardly from upper plate 1252 with And the interconnecting piece 1051 at its front end between the upper and lower plates.Interconnecting piece 1051 can be similar to fixed shown in Figure 18 Interconnecting piece 851 or its can be another type of interconnecting piece, such as by adhesive combine provided interconnecting piece.From upper The leg 1255 that plate 1252 extends downwardly can form hollow container 1285, and hollow container 1285 has side wall 1283, close The closed upper end 1284 of the lower surface of upper plate 1252 and the opposite open end 1286 being formed at the distal lower end of side wall. Hollow container 1285 is configurable in conduit to slide and arrange the elastic insertion piece 1233 of receiving, as discussed further below , this can change the amount and type of provided impact-attenuating.Compressible spring 1237 can be alternatively disposed at insertion Between the top of part and the upper closed end 1284 of hollow container 1285, to promote insertion piece 1233 to attempt in a downward direction Conduit is exited across open end 1286.Compressible spring 1237 may include foamed material or other compressible materials.

Insertion piece 1233 can be formed by the elastic impact attenuating material with required property, such as absorbable impact and it Serve as spring afterwards to apply the relatively solid rubber polymeric materials of restoring force.It is suitably adapted for a variety of rubber of insertion piece 1233 Polymer material includes SBR styrene butadiene rubbers, urethanes, polyurethanes, polyester, the poly- amino first of polyester-type Acid esters, polyether polyurethane.A variety of thermoset copolymer materials can be used for insertion piece 1233.Insertion piece 1233 can It is impacted with being configured to its elastic material of the amount of exposure variation with being used to decay, and promotes its shifting in hollow container 1285 It is dynamic.For example, the upper surface 1241 of insertion piece 1233 can be curved, and in some configurations, and it is substantially bell, make It obtains as it is moved upward in the lower ending opening 1286 of hollow container, is compressed more and more.Therefore, insertion piece is come from The expansive force of part of the inner wall 1243 for being compressed in hollow container 1285 and contacting container can promote insertion piece in It is moved downward in empty container and attempts to travel through opening 1286 and exited.The angled oral area 1245 of vessel port 1286 can be into One step promotes movement in a downward direction.

Therefore, insertion piece 1233 can be configured to based on its design using or without using selectable spring 1237 downward Direction on biased to exit open end 1286.However, selectable spring 1237 can enhance its movement, and therefore, lead to It crosses and insertion piece 1233 is addedly biased in a downward direction and enhances integrated configuration 1211 towards exiting hollow container Adjust the overall operation of feature.

Axially coupled part 1239 flexible can be limited according to the biasing of insertion piece 1233 insertion piece 1233 to moving down It is dynamic, and insertion piece 1233 can be lifted according to adjustable setting of control device 1231 upwards in the opposite direction.It is flexible Axially coupled part 1239 is the connector that can transmit drawing force by nonlinear path along its axis, such as cable, silk, band, length Shape polymer harness, etc..It may include the combination of materials for beneficial purpose, be such as configured to transmitting axial force silk with And its ability moved in conduit can be enhanced in the elastomer coating around this thread, the elastomer coating.In addition, it can wrap The arrangement with sheath is included to enhance its moving along certain path, for example coaxially and is movably disposed within the intrathecal silk of protectiveness. One end of axially coupled part 1239 can be attached to control device 1231 and its opposite end can connect to insertion piece 1233, with limit It makes and controls movement of the insertion piece 1233 in hollow container 1285.

As shown in figure 31, axially coupled part 1239 can be attached to retainer ring close to the end of insertion piece 1233 at it 1247.Retainer ring 1247 can be formed by the polymer more more rigid than insertion piece 1233 or other materials, be used for and axially coupled part 1239 securely connect without tearing, and its shape and size can be designed as fully dispersing it from axially coupled part 1239 The axial force received, to avoid tearing insertion piece.Therefore, retainer ring 1247 is configured to insertion piece 1233 with merging and insertion piece 1233 interferingly contact, and axial force is transferred to insertion piece 1233 from axially coupled part 1239.As further shown, axial Connector 1239 from retainer ring 1247 by small opening formed therein across insertion piece 1233, spring 1237 (if made With), the closed end 1284 of the inside of hollow container 1285 and hollow container extend, to enter leading of being formed in upper plate 1252 To conduit 1249.As shown in Figure 32 and Figure 33, as exemplary configurations, be oriented to conduit 1249 can in upper plate 1252 table on it Be formed as open conduit in face.Being oriented to conduit 1249 can be with the arrangement of stretching along from respective hollow container 1285 to control The axially coupled part 1239 of the Route guiding of device 1231, this does not interfere the dress of article of footwear and will not be by the foot of user Feel.

Referring now to Figure 30, Figure 34 and Figure 35, the operation quilt of the adjustable integrated impact-attenuating configuration 1211 of user It shows with the example in order to adjust setting.Figure 30 is considered complete impact-attenuating and adjusts arrangement, and wherein user has been Through fully rotary turnplate 1231 or otherwise input setting, the setting discharge the axial force foot along axially coupled part 1239 Enough amounts, to allow insertion piece 1233 to be moved down as far as possible according to its biasing until it is contacted with the upper surface of lower plate 1254. The adjusting arrangement in, the major part of the lower area of insertion piece 1233 extend hollow container 1285 and fill be formed in it is hollow Gap between the bottom of container 1285 and the upper surface of lower plate 1254.Therefore, leg is passed through via hollow container side wall 1283 The downward impact that part 1255 is transmitted from upper plate 1252 is worked as by the part of insertion piece 1233 being arranged in gap 1235 It is compressed against lower plate 1254, and it is thereby achieved that the part in gap of insertion piece 1233 assists to absorb and decaying is rushed It hits.

It should be understood that other impact-attenuating mechanisms may exist and cooperate with the impact that decays in this integrated arrangement, such as Impact-attenuating component 1295.In addition, a large amount of parts of such impact can be decayed by other impact-attenuating mechanisms, it is likely to It will not be that user is adjustable.However, other impact-attenuating mechanisms of such as impact-attenuating component 1295 are configurable to decline Subtract be the reference line that should occur in substantially any situation amount decaying impact part.The integrated arrangement of configuration 1211 can To allow the user to the selectivity of following impact-attenuating to adjust: perceiving beyond benchmark line attenuation and by user And impact-attenuating in the range of attenuation type that be typically considered comfort type preference.In other words, it is supplied to user Controllability level commonly used in comfort fine adjustment type adjusting, rather than to the big of the impact-attenuating of footwear sole construction Overall adjusting.

Figure 34 generally shows the osculant setting of the user between HI high impact decaying and low impact-attenuating, and Figure 35 is big Body shows the minimum impact-attenuating setting of user.In Figure 34, the fraction in gap 1235 is (for example, as shown about Half) it is inserted into part 1233 and exposes, insertion piece 1233 has been lifted at its approximately half of movement in hollow container 1285 Range.In this case, downward impact initially will be by other impact-attenuation characteristics (such as impact-attenuating component 1295) institutes Decaying, until upper plate 1252 is bent downwardly so that the bottom of insertion piece 1233 is contacted with lower plate 1254 and the exposed portion in gap 1235 Divide and is closed.At this point, the lower part for the insertion piece 1233 being sandwiched between hollow container 1285 and lower plate 1254 can be pressed when it Decaying impact is assisted when contracting.

In Figure 35, gap 1235 is almost inserted into part 1233 and exposes, and insertion piece 1233 is in hollow container It is fully promoted in its moving range in 1285.In this case, downward impact will be in longer period by it He is decayed at impact-attenuation characteristics, until upper plate 1252 be bent downwardly the bottom of the distance in gap 1235 and hollow container 1285 with Lower plate 1254 contacts.At this point, the wall 1283 of hollow container 1285 substantially serves as the column for preventing downward impact.

Referring now to Figure 36-39, the other integrated configuration of elevated plate structure 1350 and impact-attenuating component 1395 1311 are shown.In addition to it is noted that, integrated configuration 1311 generallys include identical aspect and the spy of similar integrated configuration Sign, such as configuration 850,950,1050 and 1150.Integrated configuration 1311 includes elevated plate structure 1350, and elevated plate structure 1350 provides For the housing region 1367 of impact-attenuating component, which is be bent outwardly or outside archwise, to work as Living hinge is served as from when receiving impact.In addition, the lower plate of elevated plate structure includes upward protrusion, which is formed Support construction, which, which can resist impact and assist to absorb, impacts.

Elevated plate structure 1350 generally include upper plate 1352, lower plate 1354, extended downwardly from upper plate and formed it is curved or It the leg 1355 of bowed shell 1321 and is upwardly extended from lower plate and is accepted in the column 1356 in arc shell.Arc shell 1321 are formed by curved side wall 1323, and side wall 1323 is extended downwardly with the shape of bulbous cylinder from upper plate.Each arch The curved side wall 1323 of shell also generates the hollow inside 1325 of shell, and forms opening for the bottom end in shell for leading to hollow inside Mouth 1327.The outer surface of crooked sidewall can form the outside of impact-attenuating component 1395 and can be exposed in article of footwear With see.For example, as shown in figure 37, upper plate 1352 is embedded into midsole 40, and is therefore formed the material of midsole It is covered.However, curved side wall 1323 is extended downwardly from midsole, and its outer surface is as column impact-attenuating component 1395 outside is visible.

Lower plate 1354 is similarly embedded in and is formed in the material of footwear outer bottom 30, and has the column upwardly extended from its upper surface 1356.However, as shown in figure 37, column 1356 can cover resilient material together with the rest part of lower plate, rather than as from upper The curved side wall that plate extends is exposed like that.(foaming of footwear outer bottom and/or midsole is such as used to form with elastic material Polymer) cover the advantages of column 1356 can provide for decaying impact.For example, it can form curved side wall 1323 Flexible relative, flexible interface coating 1331 are provided between relatively hard non-foam material material and column 1356. In the configuration shown, the upper distal end of column 1356 has bulbous shaped cap 1329, and bulbous shaped cap 1329 can also improve corresponding The inside of arc shell 1321 and extend to the interface between the pillar in arc shell.

Each column 1356, its coating 1331 and corresponding arc shell 1321 substantially together constitute with impact-attenuating component 1395;Although other impact-attenuating components also are present in article of footwear.Since impact-attenuating component is used largely as elevated plate A part of structure 1350 is generated, or on the contrary, the component is formed by the component of elevated plate structure, therefore configuration 1350 is mentioning Highly integrated support construction (for example, elevated plate structure) is provided while for impact-attenuating component 1395 for article of footwear. In addition, integrated support construction and impact-attenuating system provide decaying in downward direction with the impact in other directions and vibration (such as Angled vibration) advantage.

When meeting with downward vibration, elastic interface coating 1331 initially can be together with the upper surface for being arranged in lower plate 1354 On footwear outer bottom coating the damping vibrations together of interface portion 1333, interface portion 1333 is by arc shell between downward impact epoch 1321 distal lower end is engaged.As downward impact continues, column 1356 and arc shell 1321 can serve as column component and support Resist displacement.However, as downward vibration continues to be received, column and arc shell can be with unstabilitys simultaneously for biggish impact Bending absorbs the living hinge of vibration to serve as.

The crooked sidewall of arc shell 1321 promotes bending substantially to occur in a distributed fashion along the height of side wall, rather than Occur at discrete position, compared with the bending at discrete point, this provides improved impact-attenuating.In addition, arc shell Bulbous shaped cylinder design make its inside collapse when receiving big impact, this pressure in a manner of the big impact that further decays Contract the column 1356 and its coating being arranged in shell.In addition, being rushed when receiving angled, even largely lateral downwards The impact-attenuation characteristics performance of the configuration 1311 integrated when hitting is good.This is partially due to bulbous shaped cylinder design, and right The clad interface between column and arc shell answered, when receiving with the impact in a variety of directions its can with above for downward Impact described in similar mode engage each other, bending, collapse, etc..Therefore, for being set as integrated configuration Meter can provide many advantages about multiple features, such as the support of a variety of impacts, appearance and impact-attenuating.

The present invention is disclosed above and in attached drawing with reference to a variety of configurations.But the disclosure service is designed to provide About the example of various features of the invention and conception, rather than limit the scope of the invention.Those skilled in the relevant art will It recognizes, many variations and change can be made for configuration as described above, without departing from by the attached claims institute The scope of the present invention defined.

Claims (35)

1. a kind of article of footwear, with vamp and the footwear sole construction for being fixed to the vamp, the footwear sole construction includes:
Midsole is formed by foamed polymer material and is positioned adjacent to the vamp;
Footwear outer bottom is arranged at the bottom of the article of footwear, opposite with the vamp, and is had and be configured as using The ground engaging surface of period ground-engaging;
Upper plate is embedded in the midsole and is formed by non-foam material material, and the upper plate has described in The upper surface of vamp orientation and the opposite lower surface oriented far from the vamp;
Lower plate is arranged in the upper area opposite with the ground engaging surface of the footwear outer bottom;
First impact-attenuating component, is arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate;And
First column leg is formed by non-foam material material and from the lower surface of the upper plate far from the shoes Extend and pass through the first impact-attenuating component towards the lower plate, the first column leg can in upright state and It is modified between instability status, the upright state is extended downwardly from the upper plate along the length of the first column leg To the lower plate, the instability status along the first column leg between the upper plate and the lower plate length There is bending.
2. article of footwear according to claim 1 further includes the second punching being located in the heel part of the footwear sole construction The the second column leg hitting attenuating member and being formed by non-foam material material, the second column leg is from described Lower surface extends downwardly into the lower plate far from the vamp, and the second column leg passes through the second impact-attenuating structure Part extends.
3. article of footwear according to claim 2, wherein the first column leg and the second column leg It is attached to the upper plate.
4. article of footwear according to claim 3, wherein the first column leg and the second column leg It is attached to the lower plate.
5. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the lower plate is formed by non-foam material material and substantially put down Row is oriented in the upper plate.
6. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the lower part of the first column leg have the first rigidity and The core of the first impact-attenuating component has the second rigidity, and second rigidity is less than first rigidity.
7. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the first column leg be bent in the instability status and Serve as living hinge.
8. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the first impact-attenuating component has for described upright State absorbs the first compressive strength of impact force and the second compressive strength for absorbing impact force in the instability status, described Second compressive strength is less than first compressive strength.
It further include the core around the first column leg arrangement 9. article of footwear according to claim 1, described the The outer housing of one impact-attenuating component is arranged around the core.
10. article of footwear according to claim 9, wherein the core has cooperation to surround the first column leg Cooperation half-shell.
11. article of footwear according to claim 9, wherein the first column leg includes from the first column leg At least one tooth that shape part extends transversely with, at least one described tooth are ordinatedly received by the core.
12. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein before the uncinus of the front end of the lower plate engages the upper plate The lower plate is simultaneously connected to the upper plate by the corresponding slit at end.
13. article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the lower plate includes the front end being at an angle of towards the upper plate.
14. article of footwear according to claim 13, wherein the front end includes at least one uncinus, the uncinus It engages the corresponding slit of the front end of the upper plate and the lower plate is attached to the upper plate.
15. a kind of impact-attenuating support system, the article of footwear for being used to have vamp and footwear sole construction, the footwear sole construction packet It includes and is positioned adjacent to the vamp and the midsole that is formed by foamed polymer material and is arranged in the article of footwear Bottom at the footwear outer bottom opposite with the vamp, the impact-attenuating support system includes:
Upper plate is embedded in the midsole and is formed by non-foam material material, and the upper plate has described in The upper surface of vamp orientation and the opposite lower surface oriented far from the vamp;
Lower plate is arranged in the upper area opposite with the ground engaging surface of the footwear outer bottom of the footwear outer bottom;
Impact-attenuating component is arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate;And
Column leg, formed from non-foam material material and from the lower surface of the upper plate far from the vamp to The lower plate extends and passes through the impact-attenuating component, and the column leg can be between upright state and instability status It is modified, the upright state extends downward into the lower plate along the length of the column leg from the upper plate, described Instability status has bending between the upper plate and the lower plate.
16. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 15, wherein the column leg is attached to the upper plate With the lower plate.
17. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 15 further includes the core around column leg arrangement, The outer housing of the impact-attenuating component is arranged around the core.
18. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 17, wherein the core has cooperation to surround the column The half-shell of the cooperation of leg.
19. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 15, wherein the uncinus of the front end of the lower plate engages institute It states the corresponding slit of the front end of upper plate and the lower plate is connected to the upper plate.
20. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 15, wherein the lower plate includes towards the upper plate angulation The front end of degree.
21. impact-attenuating support system according to claim 20, wherein the front end includes at least one uncinus, institute State uncinus engage the upper plate front end corresponding slit and the lower plate is attached to the upper plate.
22. a kind of article of footwear, with vamp and the footwear sole construction for being fixed to the vamp, the footwear sole construction includes:
Midsole is formed by foamed polymer material and is positioned adjacent to the vamp;
Footwear outer bottom, be arranged in it is opposite with the vamp at the bottom of the article of footwear, and have be configured as using The ground engaging surface of period ground-engaging;
Upper plate is embedded in the midsole and is formed by non-foam material material, and the upper plate has described in The upper surface of vamp orientation and the opposite lower surface oriented far from the vamp;
Lower plate is arranged in the upper area opposite with the ground engaging surface of the footwear outer bottom;
Impact-attenuating component is arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate;And
Column leg, formed from non-foam material material and from the lower surface of the upper plate far from the vamp to The lower plate extends and passes through the impact-attenuating component, when downward impact is applied to the column leg, the column Leg can be changed to be bent at a position.
23. article of footwear according to claim 22 further includes the core around column leg arrangement, the impact The outer housing of attenuating member is arranged around the core.
24. article of footwear according to claim 23, wherein the core has cooperation to surround the column leg The half-shell of cooperation.
25. article of footwear according to claim 23, wherein the column leg includes horizontal from the column leg At least one tooth extended to ground, at least one described tooth are ordinatedly received by the core.
26. article of footwear according to claim 22, wherein the uncinus of the front end of the lower plate engages the upper plate The lower plate is simultaneously connected to the upper plate by the corresponding slit of front end.
27. article of footwear according to claim 22, wherein the lower plate includes the front end being at an angle of towards the upper plate.
28. article of footwear according to claim 27, wherein the front end includes at least one uncinus, the uncinus It engages the corresponding slit of the front end of the upper plate and the lower plate is attached to the upper plate.
29. a kind of article of footwear, with vamp and the footwear sole construction for being fixed to the vamp, the footwear sole construction includes:
Midsole is formed by foamed polymer material and is positioned adjacent to the vamp;
Footwear outer bottom, be arranged in it is opposite with the vamp at the bottom of the article of footwear, and have be configured as using The ground engaging surface of period ground-engaging;
Upper plate is embedded in the midsole and is formed by non-foam material material, and the upper plate has described in The upper surface of vamp orientation and the opposite lower surface oriented far from the vamp;
Lower plate is arranged in the upper area opposite with the ground engaging surface of the footwear outer bottom and is connected to described Upper plate;
Impact-attenuating component is arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate;And
Column leg, formed from non-foam material material and from the lower surface of the upper plate far from the vamp to The lower plate extends, when downward impact is applied to the column leg, the column leg can at a position quilt It is changed to be bent.
30. article of footwear according to claim 29 further includes the core around column leg arrangement, the impact The outer housing of attenuating member is arranged around the core.
31. article of footwear according to claim 30, wherein the core has cooperation to surround the column leg The half-shell of cooperation.
32. article of footwear according to claim 30, wherein the column leg includes horizontal from the column leg At least one tooth extended to ground, at least one described tooth are ordinatedly received by the core.
33. article of footwear according to claim 29, wherein the uncinus of the front end of the lower plate engages the upper plate The lower plate is simultaneously attached directly to the upper plate by the corresponding slit of front end.
34. article of footwear according to claim 29, wherein the lower plate includes the front end being at an angle of towards the upper plate.
35. article of footwear according to claim 34, wherein the front end includes at least one uncinus, the uncinus It engages the corresponding slit of the front end of the upper plate and the lower plate is attached to the upper plate.
CN201610500541.XA 2011-12-23 2012-12-17 Article of footwear with elevated plate footwear sole construction CN106108222B (en)

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EP2793631B1 (en) 2018-05-09
WO2013096164A2 (en) 2013-06-27
CN106108222A (en) 2016-11-16
EP2923595A3 (en) 2016-01-20
CN104168787A (en) 2014-11-26
EP2793631A2 (en) 2014-10-29
WO2013096164A3 (en) 2013-09-12
CN104168787B (en) 2016-08-17
EP2923595A2 (en) 2015-09-30
US9750300B2 (en) 2017-09-05
EP2923595B1 (en) 2018-05-23
US20130160329A1 (en) 2013-06-27
EP3375313A1 (en) 2018-09-19
US20170318896A1 (en) 2017-11-09

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