CN106106106A - Plant cultivation media and module thereof - Google Patents

Plant cultivation media and module thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106106106A
CN106106106A CN201610563041.0A CN201610563041A CN106106106A CN 106106106 A CN106106106 A CN 106106106A CN 201610563041 A CN201610563041 A CN 201610563041A CN 106106106 A CN106106106 A CN 106106106A
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China
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parts
plant
module
root
raw
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CN201610563041.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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林志仓
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林志仓
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Priority to CN201610563041.0A priority Critical patent/CN106106106A/en
Publication of CN106106106A publication Critical patent/CN106106106A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to a plant cultivation matrix and module thereof, it is characterized in that mainly being made up of following raw material in parts by weight: peat soil 20~40 parts, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15~25 parts, humic acids 15~25 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10~25 parts, expanded perlite 3~15 parts, mushroom bacteria rod heel or fermented stalk fine fibre 3~15 parts, aminoacid 3~10 parts, probiotic bacteria 0.1~3 parts, proteinase-10 .1~3 parts, marine organism extract 0.1~3 parts, biological peptide 0.1~3 parts, root-growing agent 0.1~3 parts, trace element 0.1~3 parts, described marine organism extract uses Sargassum extract or shell extract, described probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain, described protease uses papain.Its module weight is light, convenient transportation, easy to use, meet the various nutritional labelings needed for plant, water conservation fertilizer conservation, ventilative water permeability is good.

Description

Plant cultivation media and module thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation technique without soil field, particularly one plant cultivation matrix and module thereof.
Background technology
At present, the kind of plant cultivation media is more, if any using double mushroom slag, coconut palm bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses, Nicotiana tabacum L. according to special ratios The cultivation matrix being prepared from;Also there are employing microbial inoculum, turfy soil, the feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed, humic acid and Lentinus Edodes mushroom handle according to specific The cultivation matrix that ratio is prepared from, but generally there are the following problems: and 1, nutritional labeling is single, narrow application range;2, fertilizer conservation is protected Outlet capacity is poor, i.e. loses effect, be unfavorable for plant growing after using a period of time;3, threadiness raw material carrier is generally used, easily Harden, be weak to trample, the breathability of adversely affecting substrate, water penetration;4, use bulk cargo form and ratio great, transport, carry, make With the most inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to solve existing cultivation matrix the problems referred to above, it is provided that a plant cultivation matrix and mould thereof Block, lightweight, convenient transportation, easy to use, meet the various nutritional labelings needed for plant, water conservation fertilizer conservation, ventilative water permeability is good.
The technical scheme is that
One plant cultivation matrix, it is characterised in that be mainly made up of following raw material in parts by weight: peat soil 20 ~40 parts, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15~25 parts, humic acids 15~25 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10~25 parts, expanded perlite 3~ 15 parts, mushroom bacteria rod heel or fermented stalk fine fibre 3~15 parts, aminoacid 3~10 parts, probiotic bacteria 0.1~3 parts, protease 0.1~3 part, marine organism extract 0.1~3 parts, biological peptide 0.1~3 parts, root-growing agent 0.1~3 parts, trace element 0.1~3 Part, described marine organism extract uses Sargassum extract or shell extract, and described probiotic bacteria uses bacillus subtilis Strain, described protease uses papain.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, also comprises the raw material of following weight portion: plant oil leftover 15~25 parts, coconut palm bran 3 ~15 parts, leaf mould 3~15 parts, volcanic rock 3~15 parts, described plant oil leftover is crossing after oil strain bentonite or planting of fermentation Thing residue.Production process of vegetable oil utilize bentonite vegetable oil is filtered, to remove impurity inside vegetable oil, abnormal flavour And color, although bentonite and plant residue after mistake oil strain contain remaining vegetable oil composition and vegetable protein, but generally make Waste disposal, the present invention turns waste into wealth, former to cross after bentonite or plant residue make fermentation process after oil strain for the present invention Material, produces the necessary nutrition being conducive to plant growing.Coconut palm bran is Cortex cocois radicis by-product, generally makees offal treatment, through processing After coconut palm bran be very suitable for cultivate plant, the present invention makes full use of the content of organic matter and the characteristic fibrous structure of coconut palm bran, makes cultivation Training substrate has Seedling effect the most admittedly.Leaf mould, also known as fertile soil, is that plant leaf is sent out through microbial decomposition in soil The Nutrition Soil formed after ferment, the present invention utilizes leaf mould to possess the characteristic that organic nutrition is the most fluffy, alleviates cultivation base further Matter proportion, increases plant desired nutritional.Volcanic rock is granular without point, little to resistance to water-flow, is not easily blocked, water distribution uniform air distribution; Rough surface, biofilm speed is fast, microbial film difficult drop-off during backwash;Owing to volcanic rock biological filter material surface is with positive electricity Lotus, beneficially microorganism set growth, hydrophilic is strong, containing mineral, beneficially plant growing such as sodium, silicon, calcium, ferrum, this The bright characteristic making full use of volcanic rock, the mineral matter nutritional in the abundantest cultivation matrix, cultivation matrix is had simultaneously and prop up The effect of support.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, also comprises the raw material of following weight portion: Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding moss 3~15 parts, Vermiculitum 3~15 parts, Aminoacid plant material residue 15~25 parts, described aminoacid plant material residue is that the amino acid whose plant of production after fermentation is residual Slag.Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding moss density is low, further enhances the lofting effect of cultivation matrix in the present invention, abundant plant desired nutritional composition. Vermiculitum is a kind of natural, nontoxic mineral, belongs to silicate, expands, have ion-exchange capacity under high temperature action, this The bright characteristic making full use of Vermiculitum, makes product nutrition and character have the biggest lifting.Produce amino acid whose plant residue fermented The necessary nutrition being conducive to plant growing is produced after process.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, described trace element is the one in calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, ferrum, manganese, copper, molybdenum element Or multiple combination.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, described aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, and described humic acids butt contains Amount >=50%.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, total nutrient content >=45% of described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, moisture≤2%, Total nitrogen content >=15%, available phosphorus content >=15%, effective potassium content >=15%.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, described root-growing agent uses ABT biological bacteria root-inducing powder, naphthalene acetic acid root-inducing powder, indole fourth Acid root-inducing powder, heteroauxing root-inducing powder or ethephon root-inducing powder.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, described mushroom bacteria rod heel is the obsolete fungus stick produced in mushroom production process, institute State obsolete fungus stick complete fermentation in mushroom production process to become thoroughly decomposed.
Above-mentioned plant cultivation media, described fermented stalk fine fibre is the stalk fibre through smashing, fermenting, and straw is fine A length of≤the 0.5mm of dimension.
The module of a kind of above-mentioned plant cultivation media, adds after above-mentioned plant cultivation media each raw material components mixing The water of raw material gross weight 30%~45% is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is pressed into module, Described module upper surface has the pit placing plant seed, and described module-external arranges evacuation packaging;Or recessed in module Place plant seed in hole or after the plant seed of Cotton seeds, evacuation packaging is set in module-external;Or utilize pressure Power machine by plant seed or is suppressed in module through the plant seed of Cotton seeds, arranges evacuation packaging in module-external; Described module volume is the 40%~80% of raw materials used cumulative volume.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the cultivation matrix of the present invention becomes containing organic nutritional labeling, inanimate matter nutritional labeling, the organic nutrition of acceleration Decomposition is beneficial to the protease of plant root absorption, the root-growing agent of quickening plant establishment germination, root system of plant is had repair Biological peptide and for suppressing and kill the probiotic bacteria of pathogenic microorganism and putrefaction bacteria, the most nutritious equilibrium, Er Qieli In plant absorption, concurrently facilitate plant root system development, accelerate plant growth rate, effectively resist harmful levels of pathogens and the micro-life of cause of disease The infringement of thing;
2, using expanded perlite as medium carrier, be in granular form, acid-base value is neutral, good water absorption, water conservation fertilizer conservation, Although itself not possessing nutritional labeling, but there is preferable absorbability, can sufficiently adsorb supporting of other raw materials in the present invention Divide, and be released to the root system of plant slowly, use expanded perlite can solve the loft problem of cultivation matrix, phase simultaneously Compared with fibrous cultivation matrix, loft is good, does not hardens, and makes the proportion of product reduce, and strengthens the ventilative water permeability of substrate;
3, peat soil refers in some fluviolacustrine deposit low plain and mountain valley, due to long-term hydrops, aquatic vegetation cyclopentadienyl Close, under anaerobic conditions, the insufficient plant residue of a large amount of decomposition accumulates and is formed the soil of peat horizon, and the present invention makes full use of The organic nutrient of peat soil and fibrous structure, it can also play the effect of stable prod character while providing nutrient;
4, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry (feces of livestock and poultry such as chicken manure, cattle and sheep pig manure), and the content of organic matter and nutrient content are high, use simultaneously Also turn waste into wealth in the present invention;
5, mushroom bacteria rod heel or fermented stalk fine fibre, both supplemented organic matter for product, and utilized again filamentary structure to rise To the effect of fluffy substrate, meanwhile, fall within for the present invention and turn waste into wealth;
6, interpolation humic acids and aminoacid significantly improve the fertilizer efficiency of the present invention, the nutritional labeling of the abundant present invention, stimulate and make Thing grows, and improves the product quality of serike;
7, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer needs to mix the compound nutrient of different N-P-K content according to different plant growings, mends Sufficient n-p-k element, combines with the organic nutritional labeling in cultivation matrix of the present invention, makes nutritional labeling more comprehensively, Contribute to plant growing;
8, nutrient and trace element needed for marine organism extract adds plant growing;
9, the cultivation matrix of the present invention is compressed into bulk, convenient transport, carrying, expands after watering, and expands rapidly, it is not necessary to long Time waits, forms fluffy state, is covered wherein by plant seed, easy to use;The operations such as convenient transplanting, field planting, carry High transplanting efficiency and success rate;
10, of many uses, the block size of cultivation matrix compression can regulate, and big module can be used for establishing in large scale, Such as desert afforestation, urban afforestation etc.;Medium-sized module may be used for cultivation box plantation, flowerpot plantation etc., such as balcony greening, Balcony planting etc.;Little module can be with nursery, cuttage etc., such as sand table nursery, cuttage etc..
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation (corresponding embodiment 1) of the module of the plant cultivation media of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation (corresponding embodiment 2) of the module of the plant cultivation media of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation (corresponding embodiment 3) of the module of the plant cultivation media of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation (corresponding embodiment 4) of the module of the plant cultivation media of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation (corresponding embodiment 5) of the module of the plant cultivation media of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 20kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15kg, corruption Phytic acid 15kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10kg, expanded perlite 3kg, mushroom bacteria rod heel 3kg, aminoacid 3kg, probiotic bacteria 0.1kg, proteinase-10 .1kg, marine organism extract 0.1kg, biological peptide 0.1kg, root-growing agent 0.1kg, trace element 0.1kg. Wherein, probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses papain.Described marine organism extract uses sea Algae extract.Trace element is the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron element.Described mushroom bacteria rod heel is to produce in mushroom production process Obsolete fungus stick, described obsolete fungus stick complete fermentation in mushroom production process becomes thoroughly decomposed.The particle diameter of expanded perlite≤ 9mm.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 45%, moisture 2%, total Nitrogen content 15%, available phosphorus content 15%, effective potassium content 15%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 50%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture The special amino acid starting material of industry, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by bean cake and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses ABT biological Bacterium root-inducing powder, commercial.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 30% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, described module upper surface Form the pit 2 placing plant seed.Described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 100 tons, described module volume be raw materials used always The 40% of volume.This pit 2 is designed to footpath narrow, lower, upper footpath width, it is simple to concentrated in together by plant seed, pit 2 degree of depth according to Different plants control between 0.5cm~7cm, in the present embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, module 1 be shaped as cuboid, pit 2 in Shallow taper, each pit 2 degree of depth is 2cm.It is applicable to the seed that granule is little, self germination strength is less, is suitable for the kind of shallow-layer sowing Son.
During use, modular cultivation matrix put in container and be embedded in seed at the pit 2 of cultivation matrix upper surface; Pour the clear water of module volume 50%~90% into, make modular cultivation matrix expand, seed is submerged in substrate completely.
Embodiment 2
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 30kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 20kg, corruption Phytic acid 20kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 15kg, expanded perlite 10kg, fermented stalk fine fibre 8kg, aminoacid 5kg, probiotic bacteria 1kg, protease 1kg, marine organism extract 1kg, biological peptide 1kg, root-growing agent 1kg, trace element 1kg.Wherein, described fermentation Straw fine fibre is the stalk fibre through smashing, fermenting, a length of 0.1mm.Probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Egg White enzyme uses papain.Marine organism extract uses shell extract.Trace element is the combination of zinc, ferrum element. Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the cattle manure become thoroughly decomposed.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient Content 50%, moisture 2%, total nitrogen content 18%, available phosphorus content 16%, effective potassium content >=16%.Humic acids butt Content 55%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by the dregs of fat Generate, commercial.Root-growing agent uses ABT biological bacteria root-inducing powder, commercial.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 35% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, and described module is formed Placing the pit 2 of plant seed, described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 50 tons, and described module volume is raw materials used cumulative volume 80%.After placing plant seed in this pit 2, carry out evacuation packaging.In the present embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, the shape of module 1 For square, pit 2 is in mamillary, and pit 2 degree of depth is 4cm, it is adaptable to the seed of middle level sowing.
During use, open vacuum packaging, modular cultivation matrix is put in container, pour module volume 50%~90% into Clear water, make modular cultivation matrix expand, seed submerged in substrate completely.
Embodiment 3
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 40kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 25kg, corruption Phytic acid 25kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 25kg, expanded perlite 15kg, mushroom bacteria rod heel 15kg, amino acid/11 0kg, probiotic bacteria 3kg, protease 3 kg, marine organism extract 3kg, biological peptide 3kg, root-growing agent 3kg, trace element 3kg.Wherein, probiotic bacteria is adopted Use Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses papain.Described marine organism extract uses Sargassum extract.Trace Element is the combination of manganese, copper, molybdenum element.Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the pig manure become thoroughly decomposed. Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 60%, moisture 4%, total nitrogen content 20%, available phosphorus content 20%, has Effect potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 60%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, commercial.Biological peptide Added probiotics fermentative degradation by bean cake to generate, commercial.Root-growing agent uses naphthalene acetic acid root-inducing powder, commercial.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 45% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, described module upper surface Forming the pit 2 placing plant seed, described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 80 tons, described module volume be raw materials used totally Long-pending 60%.The plant seed being placed through Cotton seeds in this pit 2 (runs into the kind germinateed under moistening soil or vacuum condition Son need to be coated process) after, carry out evacuation packaging.In the present embodiment, as it is shown on figure 3, module 1 be shaped as cone, recessed Hole 2 is in deep taper, and pit 2 degree of depth is 7cm.It is applicable to seed grain relatively big, is suitable for the seed of deep layer sowing.
During use, open vacuum packaging, modular cultivation matrix is put in container, pour module volume 50%~90% into Clear water, make modular cultivation matrix expand, seed submerged in substrate completely, extraseminal coating is met after water and air automatically Dissolve.
Embodiment 4
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 20kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15kg, corruption Phytic acid 15kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10kg, expanded perlite 3kg, mushroom bacteria rod heel 3kg, aminoacid 3kg, probiotic bacteria 0.1kg, proteinase-10 .1kg, marine organism extract 0.1kg, biological peptide 0.1kg, root-growing agent 0.1kg, trace element 0.1kg, Plant oil leftover 15kg, coconut palm bran 3kg, leaf mould 3kg, volcanic rock 3kg.Wherein, described plant oil leftover is the mistake of fermentation Bentonite after oil strain.Described probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses papain.Marine organisms are extracted Thing uses Sargassum extract.Trace element is magnesium elements.Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is corruption Ripe chicken, duck, goose excrement.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 65%, moisture 5%, total nitrogen content 25%, has Effect phosphorus content 25%, effective potassium content 15%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 70%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture special aminoacid Raw material, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by the dregs of fat and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses indolebutyric acid root-inducing powder, city Purchase.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 30% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, described module upper surface Form the pit 2 placing plant seed.Described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 10 tons, described module volume be raw materials used totally Long-pending 80%.In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 4, module 1 be shaped as cylinder, pit 2 is in shallow taper, and pit 2 degree of depth is 1cm。
Using method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 40kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 20kg, corruption Phytic acid 25kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10kg, expanded perlite 10kg, fermented stalk fine fibre 10kg, aminoacid 8kg, probiotic bacteria 2kg, protease 2kg, marine organism extract 2kg, biological peptide 2kg, root-growing agent 2kg, trace element 2kg, plant oil leftover 20kg, coconut palm bran 10kg, leaf mould 10kg, volcanic rock 8kg.Wherein, described plant oil leftover is the plant residue of fermentation.Prebiotic Bacterium uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses papain.Marine organism extract uses shell extract.Micro- Secondary element is the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, ferrum, manganese, copper, molybdenum element.Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.Become thoroughly decomposed poultry Feces is the cattle manure and sheep stool become thoroughly decomposed.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 70%, moisture 8%, total nitrogen content 30%, available phosphorus content 20%, effective potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 55%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agricultural special Amino acid starting material, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by bean cake and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses heteroauxing to take root Powder, commercial.The a length of 0.5mm of fermented stalk fine fibre.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 35% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, and described module is formed Place the pit 2 of plant seed, after placing plant seed in this pit 2, carry out evacuation packaging.Described forcing press uses 90 tons Hydraulic press, described module volume is the 70% of raw materials used cumulative volume.In the present embodiment, as it is shown in figure 5, the shape of module 1 For prism-shaped, pit 2 is in mamillary, and pit 2 degree of depth is 5cm.
Using method is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 6
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 40kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 25kg, corruption Phytic acid 25kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 25kg, expanded perlite 15kg, fermented stalk fine fibre 15kg, amino acid/11 0kg, probiotic bacteria 3kg, protease 3 kg, marine organism extract 3kg, biological peptide 3kg, root-growing agent 3kg, trace element 3kg, plant oil leftover 25kg, coconut palm bran 15kg, leaf mould 15kg, volcanic rock 15kg.Wherein, swelling after described plant oil leftover is the oil strain excessively fermented Soil.Probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses papain.Marine organism extract uses Sargassum to extract Thing.Trace element is the combination of calcium, zinc, ferrum, manganese element.Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is corruption Ripe sheep stool.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, and its total nutrient content 60%, moisture 5%, total nitrogen content 15%, available phosphorus contain Amount 25%, effective potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 55%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, city Purchase.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by the dregs of fat and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses ethephon root-inducing powder, commercial.Fermented stalk Fine fibre length 0.3mm.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 45% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is pressed into cultivation matrix module, and described module utilizes pressure Plant seed through Cotton seeds is pressed into wherein by power machine, carries out evacuation packaging.Described forcing press uses the hydraulic pressure of 100 tons Machine, described module volume is the 40% of raw materials used cumulative volume.In the present embodiment, being shaped as of module 1 is rectangular-shaped.
Using method is with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 7
This plant cultivation media, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 20kg, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15kg, corruption Phytic acid 15kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10kg, expanded perlite 3kg, mushroom bacteria rod heel 3kg, aminoacid 3kg, probiotic bacteria 0.1kg, proteinase-10 .1kg, marine organism extract 0.1kg, biological peptide 0.1kg, root-growing agent 0.1kg, trace element 0.1kg, Plant oil leftover 15kg, coconut palm bran 3kg, leaf mould 3kg, volcanic rock 3kg, Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding moss 3kg, Vermiculitum 3kg, aminoacid plant material Residue 15kg.Wherein, bentonite after described plant oil leftover is the oil strain excessively fermented.Probiotic bacteria uses bacillus subtilis bacterium Kind.Protease uses papain.Marine organism extract uses shell extract.Trace element be boron, zinc, ferrum, manganese, Copper, the combination of molybdenum element.Aminoacid plant material residue is the Semen Maydis residue after fermentation.The particle diameter of expanded perlite≤ 9mm.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 70%, moisture 6%, total Nitrogen content 20%, available phosphorus content 30%, effective potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 60%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture The special amino acid starting material of industry, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by bean cake and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses ethephon Root-inducing powder, commercial.
The preparation method of the module of this plant cultivation media: add raw material gross weight 30% after being mixed by each raw material components Water is sufficiently stirred for, and puts in mould after stirring, and recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, described module upper surface Form the pit 2 placing plant seed.Described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 50 tons, described module volume be raw materials used totally Long-pending 80%.In the present embodiment, being shaped as of module 1 is cube-shaped, and pit 2 is in deep taper, and pit 2 degree of depth is 7cm.
During use, method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 8
This modularity cultivation matrix, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 35kg, the feces of livestock and poultry 20kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, Humic acids 20kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 20kg, expanded perlite 12kg, fermented stalk fine fibre 12kg, aminoacid 7kg, prebiotic Bacterium 1kg, protease 1kg, marine organism extract 1kg, biological peptide 1kg, root-growing agent 1kg, trace element 1kg, vegetable oil is got a foothold Material 20kg, coconut palm bran 8kg, leaf mould 10kg, volcanic rock 10kg, Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding moss 9kg, Vermiculitum 9kg, aminoacid plant material residue 20kg.Wherein, plant oil leftover is the plant residue of fermentation.Probiotic bacteria uses Bacillus subtilis strain.Protease uses Papain.Marine organism extract uses Sargassum extract.Trace element is the combination of calcium, boron, ferrum, copper, molybdenum element.Ammonia Base acid plant material residue is the bean dregs of fermentation.Particle diameter≤the 9mm of expanded perlite.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the cattle become thoroughly decomposed Excrement.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 50%, moisture 4%, total nitrogen content 15%, available phosphorus content 15%, Effectively potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 50%, commercial.Aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, commercial.Biological Peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by the dregs of fat and generates, commercial.Root-growing agent uses ABT biological bacteria root-inducing powder, commercial.
Preparation method: the water adding raw material gross weight 35% after being mixed by each raw material components is sufficiently stirred for, after stirring Putting in mould, recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, and described module is formed the pit 2 placing plant seed, After placing plant seed in this pit 2, carry out evacuation packaging.Described forcing press uses the hydraulic press of 80 tons, described module body Amass 50% for raw materials used cumulative volume.In the present embodiment, being shaped as of module 1 is cylindric, and pit 2 is in mamillary, and pit 2 is deep Degree is 0.5cm.
Using method is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 9
This modularity cultivation matrix, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 40kg, the feces of livestock and poultry 25kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, Humic acids 25kg, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 25kg, expanded perlite 15kg, fermented stalk fine fibre 15kg, amino acid/11 0kg, prebiotic Bacterium 0.5kg, proteinase-10 .5kg, marine organism extract 0.5kg, biological peptide 0.5kg, root-growing agent 0.5kg, trace element 0.5kg, plant oil leftover 25kg, coconut palm bran 15kg, leaf mould 15kg, volcanic rock 15kg, Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding moss 15kg, Vermiculitum 15kg, ammonia Base acid plant material residue 25kg.Wherein, bentonite after plant oil leftover is the oil strain excessively fermented.Probiotic bacteria uses hay bud Spore bacillus species.Protease uses papain.Marine organism extract uses shell extract.Trace element be calcium, Magnesium, boron, zinc, ferrum, manganese, the combination of copper.Described aminoacid plant material residue is the Semen Maydis grit after fermentation.Expanded perlite Particle diameter≤9mm.The feces of livestock and poultry that becomes thoroughly decomposed is the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed.Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is commercial, its total nutrient content 60%, water Divide content 2%, total nitrogen content 20%, available phosphorus content 20%, effective potassium content 20%.Humic acids contents on dry basis 55%, commercial. Aminoacid uses agriculture special amino acid starting material, commercial.Biological peptide is added probiotics fermentative degradation by bean cake and generates, commercial.Take root Agent uses naphthalene acetic acid root-inducing powder, commercial.
Preparation method: the water adding raw material gross weight 45% after being mixed by each raw material components is sufficiently stirred for, after stirring Putting in mould, recycling forcing press is compressed into cultivation matrix module, and described module upper surface is formed places the recessed of plant seed Hole 2, after being placed through the plant seed of Cotton seeds, carries out evacuation packaging in this pit 2.Described forcing press uses 100 tons Hydraulic press, described module volume is the 60% of raw materials used cumulative volume.In the present embodiment, module 1 be shaped as bullet shape, Pit 2 is in shallow taper, and pit 2 degree of depth is 3cm.
Using method is with embodiment 3.
Modular shape and the size of modularity cultivation matrix of the present invention set, as required such as cuboid, pros Body, cone, cylinder etc..According to the difference of planting plants, the distance between regulation pit 2 and the size of pit 2, according to mould The quantity of the size adjustment pit 2 of block formula cultivation matrix, simultaneously according to purposes, the size of adjustment module, big modular transportation side Just, for establishing in large scale, such as desert afforestation, urban afforestation etc., medium-sized module is used for cultivation box plantation, flowerpot plantation etc., Such as balcony greening, balcony planting, little module is used for nursery, cuttage etc., as being used in sand table nursery cuttage.
Comparative example
Common peat composed of rotten mosses substrate, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: peat composed of rotten mosses 3kg, perlite 1kg, Vermiculitum 1kg.
The cultivation matrix of the embodiment of the present invention 1~embodiment 9 preparation contrasts, such as table 1 with every physico-chemical parameter of comparative example Shown in.
Table 1
According to table 1, the cultivation matrix of the present invention is compared with comparative example, and the content of organic matter is high, although unit weight is slightly larger, but it leads to Water good permeability.

Claims (10)

1. a plant cultivation matrix, it is characterised in that be mainly made up of following raw material in parts by weight: peat soil 20~ 40 parts, become thoroughly decomposed feces of livestock and poultry 15~25 parts, humic acids 15~25 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10~25 parts, expanded perlite 3~15 Part, mushroom bacteria rod heel or fermented stalk fine fibre 3~15 parts, aminoacid 3~10 parts, probiotic bacteria 0.1~3 parts, proteinase-10 .1 ~3 parts, marine organism extract 0.1~3 parts, biological peptide 0.1~3 parts, root-growing agent 0.1~3 parts, trace element 0.1~3 parts, Described marine organism extract uses Sargassum extract or shell extract, and described probiotic bacteria uses bacillus subtilis bacterium Kind, described protease uses papain.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also comprise the raw material of following weight portion: plant Oil leftover 15~25 parts, coconut palm bran 3~15 parts, leaf mould 3~15 parts, volcanic rock 3~15 parts, described plant oil leftover is for sending out Bentonite or plant residue after the oil strain excessively of ferment.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also comprise the raw material of following weight portion: Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. Emend bliding Moss 3~15 parts, Vermiculitum 3~15 parts, aminoacid plant material residue 15~25 parts, described aminoacid plant material residue is fermentation After the amino acid whose plant residue of production.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described trace element be calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, One or more combinations in ferrum, manganese, copper, molybdenum element.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described aminoacid uses agriculture special aminoacid Raw material, described humic acids contents on dry basis >=50%.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the total nutrient content of described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer >=45%, moisture≤2%, total nitrogen content >=15%, available phosphorus content >=15%, effective potassium content >=15%.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described root-growing agent uses ABT biological bacteria to take root Powder, naphthalene acetic acid root-inducing powder, indolebutyric acid root-inducing powder, heteroauxing root-inducing powder or ethephon root-inducing powder.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described mushroom bacteria rod heel is Mushroom production mistake The obsolete fungus stick produced in journey, described obsolete fungus stick complete fermentation in mushroom production process becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Plant cultivation media the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fermented stalk fine fibre is for through beating Broken, the stalk fibre of fermentation, a length of≤0.5mm of stalk fibre.
10. a module for the plant cultivation media as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9, its feature It is: the water adding raw material gross weight 30%~45% after being mixed by each for plant cultivation media raw material components is sufficiently stirred for, stirring Putting into after Jun Yun in mould, recycling forcing press is pressed into module, and described module upper surface has the pit placing plant seed, Described module-external arranges evacuation packaging;Or in the pit of module, place plant seed or the plant species through Cotton seeds After son, evacuation packaging is set in module-external;Or utilize forcing press by plant seed or through the plant seed of Cotton seeds Suppress in module, evacuation packaging is set in module-external;Described module volume be raw materials used cumulative volume 40%~ 80%.
CN201610563041.0A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 Plant cultivation media and module thereof CN106106106A (en)

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CN106718772A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-05-31 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of Chinese elm Medium of Container Seedling and method
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