CN106097562B - A kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment - Google Patents

A kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106097562B
CN106097562B CN201610485217.5A CN201610485217A CN106097562B CN 106097562 B CN106097562 B CN 106097562B CN 201610485217 A CN201610485217 A CN 201610485217A CN 106097562 B CN106097562 B CN 106097562B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coin
bank note
component
paper
packaging
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201610485217.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106097562A (en
Inventor
贺明明
严武林
谢佳智
周锦煜
赵开国
马新玲
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East China University of Science and Technology
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East China University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201610485217.5A priority Critical patent/CN106097562B/en
Publication of CN106097562A publication Critical patent/CN106097562A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106097562B publication Critical patent/CN106097562B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/50Sorting or counting valuable papers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/10Mechanical details
    • G07D11/16Handling of valuable papers
    • G07D11/165Picking

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipments, including mixing coin separating mechanism, bank note mechanism for sorting, Coin sorting mechanism and Coin packing mechanism, it includes screening roller and drum driven component to mix coin separating mechanism, mix coin to pour into from the top end opening of screening roller, drum driven Component driver screens roller rotation, coin is fallen from screening hole, and bank note is skidded off from the bottom end opening of screening roller;Bank note mechanism for sorting includes twisting paper groove component, individual fortune paper component, image recognition component and bank note categorised collection component, it twists paper groove component and twists out individual bank note, individual bank note is transported to the entrance of image recognition component by individual fortune paper component, after image recognition component identifies the type of bank note by Image Acquisition, bank note classification is put into bank note categorised collection component.Compared with prior art, the present invention realizes coin automated sorting, has many advantages, such as to save labor cost, improves sorting efficiency and precision.

Description

A kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to coin sorting technique fields, more particularly, to a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment.
Background technology
With the development of economy, the raising of national rich and powerful and personal economic level, consuming capacity is constantly promoted, in market On the monetary aggregates that are circulated be on the increase.Meanwhile no matter each neck in transportation industry, financial industry or daily life Domain, as long as being related to merchandising, the circulation of currency is exactly certainty.But increasing for the quantity of currency and type, it is related to these Daily check of currency brings no small trouble with all trades and professions arranged.The financial industry such as public transport, commerce and trade and bank exist All inevitably need to put into a large amount of time and human resources in daily operation testing for currency be pseudo-, clearance and packaging etc. one In series of processes item.Currently used method is manually to check the combination for adding specific function machine, compares and has improved in early days Certain efficiency.But the automatic sorting of coin, counting at present on the market arranges, the equipment cost of packaging is very high, and volume is stupid Weight, does not obtain popularity, is only intended in a small amount of commercial undertaking or bank, have much room for improvement and innovate.And bank note can be carried out The machine of processing is even more no matter from technological layer or all to bring great limitation to its popularization in price.
Chinese patent CN204946160U discloses a kind of automatic taxonomic revision machine of coin, including babinet, door body, is set to case The coin slot of body upper end, box house are equipped with the cylinder of the small both ends open of the big lower ending opening of upper end opening;Disk is equipped with more A coin can by circular hole, the lower end of disk is equipped with motor;Pass through the effect of the circular hole on the rotation of disk and disk so that Coin is sieved into the coin moneybag of disk lower end, and bank note is released from opening into bank note moneybag due to relatively expanding by push plate, Realize being automatically separated for coin and bank note.The patent easy tos produce bank note and is deformed because push plate acts, deforms bank note blocking circular hole The case where, and realize and have a single function.
Chinese patent CN204926258U discloses a kind of hand belt-type coin sorter, including frame, and by upper The hand belt-type feed mechanism that is arranged in frame under, Coin sorting track, coin counting mechanism and cylinder is compiled, institute It states hand belt-type feed mechanism and Coin sorting track is obliquely installed for same direction, the transmission of hand belt-type feed mechanism Direction is upward, the coin counting mechanism and to compile cylinder be multiple;Coin is delivered to by hand-rail type ribbon feeding mechanism It falls into after peak on Coin sorting track, then is fallen into pair by different coin counting mechanisms after being classified by Coin sorting track That answers compiles cylinder.There are defects that is complicated, being not easy batch making for the Coin sorting track of the patent, and realize function It is single.
Invention content
It is an object of the present invention to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art and provide a kind of intelligent coins point Device is picked, realizes coin automated sorting, has many advantages, such as to save labor cost, improve sorting efficiency and precision.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment, including mix coin separating mechanism, bank note mechanism for sorting, Coin sorting mechanism With Coin packing mechanism,
The drum driven for mixing screening roller and connection screening roller that coin separating mechanism includes both ends open Component, the screening drum-inclined setting, the barrel for screening roller are equipped with multiple screening holes, mix coin from screening roller Top end opening pour into, drum driven Component driver screen roller rotation, coin from screening hole in fall, bank note from screening roll The bottom end opening of cylinder skids off;
The bank note mechanism for sorting includes the twirl paper groove component that sequence is arranged successively, individual fortune paper component, image recognition group Part and bank note categorised collection component, the bottom end opening of the entrance alignment screening roller for twisting paper groove component, twist paper groove component and twist Go out individual bank note, individual bank note is transported to the entrance of image recognition component by individual fortune paper component, and image recognition component passes through figure After the type for identifying bank note as acquisition, bank note classification is put into bank note categorised collection component;
The entrance of the Coin sorting mechanism is located at the lower section of screening hole, and the entrance of the Coin packing mechanism is located at firmly The lower section of the outlet of coin mechanism for sorting.
The multiple screening hole, which is uniformly distributed along the circumference, to be arranged on the barrel of screening roller.
The twirl paper groove component includes twisting paper groove casing, twist wheel, pressing plate, twist wheel driving motor and pressing plate driving motor, institute State twist paper groove casing include be connected enter paper hopper notch and paper delivery notch, it is described enter paper hopper notch alignment screening roller Bottom end opening, the both sides cell wall for entering paper hopper notch are equipped with arc-shaped limit sliding rail, and the pressing plate is set in paper hopper notch, The two sides of pressing plate are caught in arc-shaped limit sliding rail, and the pressing plate driving motor connects pressing plate, and the twist wheel is set to leaks into paper The intersection of bucket mouth and paper delivery notch, and twist wheel driving motor is connected, pressing plate driving motor driving pressing plate arcuately limits cunning Rail is rotated using the boundary line for entering paper hopper notch and paper delivery notch as rotation axis back and forth, and twist wheel driving motor drives twist wheel rotation, Bank note shifts to twist wheel under the action of pressing plate, and is twisted to paper delivery notch by twist wheel.
Being equipped between the top of the pressing plate and the top for entering paper hopper notch prevents bank note during press plate rotary from sliding The film gone out.
Individual described fortune paper component includes rocking arm, vacuum cups and rocking arm driving motor, and the bottom end connection of the rocking arm is shaken Arm driving motor, the vacuum cups are set to the top of rocking arm, and rocking arm driving motor drives rocking arm rotation so that vacuum cups exists Back and forth movement between the outlet and the entrance of image recognition component of twirl paper groove component, the vacuum cups are connected with true for adjusting The vacuum cups driving motor in suction head direction.
Described image recognizer component includes bank note conveyer belt conveyer, black box, headlamp, camera and image recognition control Device, the black box are erected on bank note conveyer belt conveyer, and the headlamp and camera are set in black box, described image identification Controller connects camera, and image recognition controller identifies the type of bank note according to the feature of bank note.
The bank note categorised collection component includes bank note collecting vessel, bank note collecting vessel driving motor, is used for bank note collecting vessel The bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor and bank note categorised collection controller of Self-resetting are evenly dividing as not in the bank note collecting vessel With bank note collecting region, the bank note collecting vessel driving motor connects bank note collecting vessel, and the bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor is set In on bank note collecting vessel, it is fixed that the bank note categorised collection controller is separately connected bank note collecting vessel driving motor, bank note collecting vessel Level sensor and image recognition controller, bank note categorised collection controller according to the paper money recognition of image recognition controller as a result, It controls bank note collecting vessel driving motor and drives bank note collecting vessel so that corresponding bank note collecting region is directed at bank note conveyer belt conveyer Outlet, after bank note falls into corresponding bank note collecting region, bank note categorised collection controller is according to bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor The data control bank note collecting vessel driving motor driving bank note collecting vessel of acquisition returns to initial position.
The Coin sorting mechanism includes the belt-type feeding material component from top to bottom set gradually, Coin sorting track, more A caching cylinder, multiple single coin separation assemblies and multiple coin counters, the belt-type feeding material component and Coin sorting track It is obliquely installed for same direction, the transmission direction of belt-type feeding material component is upward, and the cross section of the Coin sorting track is in N words Type, Coin sorting track upper edge are equipped with multiple sorting slots successively in the diagonally downward direction, and multiple caching cylinders are distinguished alignment one and divided The end of slot and Coin sorting track is picked, a single coin separation assembly, Mei Gedan are correspondingly arranged below each coin caching cylinder One coin counter is set on coin separation assembly.
The Coin packing mechanism include packing tube, packaging drive roll, packaging driven voller, packaging active roll drive motor, Driven roll drive motor, paper feeding component, activity support coin component, packaging coin collection box and Coin packing controller are packed, it is described Packing tube is set to below the outlet of single coin separation assembly, and the activity support coin component is set to the bottom of packing tube, the packaging Coin collection box is located at the lower section of packing tube, and the packaging drive roll and packaging driven voller are uniformly arranged on the barrel of packing tube On, the packaging active roll drive motor connection packaging drive roll, the driven roll drive motor connection packaging driven voller of packaging, The paper feeding component is set to the side of packaging driven voller, and cut paper component and wrapping paper are equipped between paper feeding component and packaging driven voller Guiding groove, the Coin packing controller are separately connected coin counter, single coin separation assembly, packaging drive roll driving electricity Machine, the driven roll drive motor of packaging and activity support coin component, activity ask coin component by the coin support fallen in packing tube, coin After counter counts count to setting coin numerical value, the single coin separation assembly break-off of Coin packing controller control is packed driven Roll drive motor drives packaging driven voller to clamp the coin of the stacking in packing tube, packs active roll drive motor driving packaging master Dynamic roller rotation so that for the coin and packaging driven voller of stacking also with rotation, paper feeding component drives wrapping paper to be guided along wrapping paper Slot enters between packaging driven voller and the coin of stacking, and the coin that wrapping paper package stacks, cut paper component cuts off wrapping paper, packaging Drive roll stops operating, and packaging driven voller resets, and activity support coin component is removed, and packaged coin falls into packaging coin collection Box.
The activity support coin component includes that support coin gasket, oscillator and support coin gasket driving motor, the support coin gasket are set to The bottom of packing tube, the oscillator are set in support coin gasket, the support coin gasket driving motor connection support coin gasket.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1) present invention will mix coin separating mechanism, bank note mechanism for sorting, Coin sorting mechanism and Coin packing mechanism group Integral, the automated sorting of realization coin (including coin and bank note) is closed, labor cost, raising labour production are saved Rate, it is simple in structure, cost is reduced, is increased economic efficiency, it can be achieved that chaotic bank note of relatively stable identification per minute more than 40, simultaneously And image identification system recognition correct rate nearly 100%.
2) present invention mixes coin separating mechanism by the way of rotating cylinder separation, and cylinder is obliquely installed, and realizes a large amount of Mix the separation of coin and bank note in coin, processing coin amount is big, and good separating effect, and multiple screening holes, which are uniformly distributed along the circumference, to be set It sets, during ensureing rotary drum, coin in any direction can be with quick separating.
3) bank note mechanism for sorting of the present invention realizes that the separation of individual bank note, the bank note of arbitrary shape are slided using twirl paper groove component Enter in the space between pressing plate and entrance funnel notch, with rule movement of the pressing plate in arc-shaped limit sliding rail, makes bank note quilt Compression is extended (not generating impression) to a certain degree, overcomes the defect for easily blocking funnel space because of bank note toughness height, to The twist wheel in high-speed motion is smoothly touched, bank note is twisted out, is convenient for the execution of follow-up mechanism.
4) individual fortune paper component of the present invention uses the structure that rocking arm is combined with suction nozzle, during the motion, suction nozzle movement To the areas Xi Zhi and overexercise, suction nozzle is made to be completely attached to bank note, suction nozzle is closed at this time, and negative pressure acts, and bank note is by from one In end motion to conveyer belt conveyer, when soon close to conveyer belt conveyer, the suction nozzle that vacuum cups driving motor drives is opposite Table top angle and out of plumb, but it is more biased towards conveyer belt conveyor direction, to make bank note more smoothly be placed in conveyer belt conveying On machine, to realize, quickly and accurately individual bank note transports.
5) in such a way that camera coordinates image recognition controller, black box and headlamp carry image recognition component of the present invention For good imaging environment, paper money recognition precision is greatly improved, and using the video mode of camera and picture mode switching, into one Step provides the efficiency of data processing, and image recognition controller is identified according to the calculating of the statistical weight of discrete point feature, transports Row is stablized, and identification is accurate.
6) bank note categorised collection component floor space of the present invention is small, and is received equipped with the bank note for bank note collecting vessel Self-resetting Collect bucket alignment sensor, realize the Self-resetting after collecting every time, eliminates single rotation error, it can be achieved that truly continuous High accuracy positioning rotates, and realizes that continuous bank note of collecting provides safeguard for collection box.
7) Coin sorting Track desigh is in by Coin sorting mechanism of the present invention for cross section while ensureing sorting efficiency The structure of N fonts, simple in structure, low manufacture cost is vdiverse in function, is easy to volume-produce.
8) using the structure of packing tube cooperation paper feeding component, cooperation coin counter and list are hard for Coin packing mechanism of the present invention Coin separation assembly realizes the packaging of setting quantity coin, and compact structure, function are strong, packaging efficiency is high, and can fully achieve The automatic packaging of coin, simultaneously because using sheet package, and it is of less demanding to paper type, it is versatile, it is at low cost It is honest and clean.
9) present invention activity support coin component is equipped with oscillator on support coin gasket, is vibrated during coin stacking, it would be possible to The coin of standing shakes down, to effectively avoid the spatiality mistake of coin collection.
10) present invention uses modularized design, can dose or remove module to complete specific objective, strong applicability is more , it can be achieved that remote data monitoring, is suitable for large-scale promotion after machine parallel connection.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for mixing coin separating mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of bank note mechanism for sorting;
Fig. 4 is the schematic elevation view of bank note mechanism for sorting;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of bank note mechanism for sorting;
Fig. 6 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of Coin sorting mechanism and Coin packing mechanism;
Fig. 7 is the schematic cross-sectional view of Coin sorting mechanism and Coin packing mechanism;;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of Coin sorting track;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of Coin packing mechanism;
Figure 10 is the direction of motion schematic diagram of Coin packing mechanism;
Figure 11 is workflow schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1, roller is screened, 2, twist paper groove component, 3, individual fortune paper component, 4, image recognition component, 5, bank note classification Collection assembly, 6, Coin sorting mechanism, 7, Coin packing mechanism, 11, screening hole, 12, screening drum drive motor, 13, ten thousand Xiang Jie, 21, twist wheel, 22, pressing plate, 23, twist wheel driving motor, 24, pressing plate driving motor, 25, enter paper hopper notch, 26, paper delivery Notch, 27, arc-shaped limit sliding rail, 28, film positioning round orifice, 29, film locating rod, 31, rocking arm, 32, vacuum cups, 33, shake Arm driving motor, 34, vacuum cups driving motor, 35, rocking arm position sensor, 41, bank note conveyer belt conveyer, 42, black box, 51, bank note collecting vessel, 52, bank note collecting vessel driving motor, 53, bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor, 61, belt-type feeding group Part, 62, Coin sorting track, 63, caching cylinder, 64, single coin separation assembly, 65, coin counter, 66, coin collection funnel, 71, packing tube, 72, packaging drive roll, 73, packaging driven voller, 74, paper feeding component, 75, activity support coin component, 76, cut paper group Part, 77, wrapping paper guiding groove, 611, coin feeding mouth, 612, coin conveyer belt conveyer, 613, rear baffle, 614, front apron, 615, coin carousel support plate, 621, sorting slot, 641, rotating circular disk, 642, outlet disk, the 643, first circular hole, 644, the Two circular holes, 645, single coin sliding rail.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.The present embodiment is with technical solution of the present invention Premised on implemented, give detailed embodiment and specific operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to Following embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment, includes the mixed of the currency and coins initial gross separation for mixing Miscellaneous coin separating mechanism, the bank note mechanism for sorting classified, check, arranged for bank note, for bank note automated classification, check, The Coin sorting mechanism 6 and Coin packing mechanism 7 arrange, being packaged, the currency and coins mixed are put by when use mixes coin In separating mechanism, the currency and coins after screening respectively enter in Coin sorting mechanism 6 and bank note mechanism for sorting, it can be achieved that entirely certainly Motivation is electrical integrated, carries out sorting, arrangement, collection and the packaging of coin, modularized design, efficient, energy saving, of low cost, logical It is strong with property, have higher market popularization value, three parts can independent work, its scope of application of significant increase.To sort people For people's coin, each module is illustrated below:
One, mix coin separating mechanism
As shown in Fig. 2, mixing the screening roller 1 and connection screening roller 1 that coin separating mechanism includes both ends open Drum driven component, drum driven component include the screening drum drive motor 12 being connected and universal joint 13, and universal joint 13 connects Screening roller 1 is connect, screening roller 1 is obliquely installed, and is screened and is uniformly distributed with multiple screening holes 11 along the circumference on the barrel of roller 1, mixes Miscellaneous coin is poured into from the top end opening of screening roller 1, and drum driven Component driver screens roller 1 and rotates, using paper coin in body The huge spread of product, density etc., coin are fallen in sliding process from screening hole 11, and because screening roller 1 Inclination angle, bank note then drive the week of coin along the rotation that barrel skids off from the bottom end opening of screening roller 1, while screening roller 1 To movement, avoid coin the case where note surface is slided and can not be leaked out, the entrance of Coin sorting mechanism 6 is located at screening hole 11 lower section, the entrance of Coin packing mechanism 7 are located at the lower section of the outlet of Coin sorting mechanism 6.In the present embodiment, roller is screened 1 outer diameter 160mm, long 400mm, screening roller 1 are also designed to the round platform that top end opening diameter is less than bottom end opening diameter Shape, it is contemplated that a diameter of 25mm of unitary, therefore hole 11 will be screened and be designed as the rectangle of long 40mm, width 30mm, each rectangle it Between distance 20mm so that coin has sufficient space to fall.
Two, bank note mechanism for sorting
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, bank note mechanism for sorting includes the twirl paper groove component 2 that sequence is arranged successively, individual fortune paper Component 3, image recognition component 4 and bank note categorised collection component 5, the bottom end for twisting the entrance alignment screening roller 1 of paper groove component 2 are opened Mouthful, it twists paper groove component 2 and twists out individual bank note, individual bank note is transported to the entrance of image recognition component 4 by individual fortune paper component 3, After image recognition component 4 identifies the type of bank note by Image Acquisition, bank note classification is put into bank note categorised collection component 5.
It includes twisting paper groove casing, twist wheel 21, pressing plate 22, twist wheel driving motor 23 and pressing plate driving motor to twist paper groove component 2 24, twist paper groove casing include be connected enter paper hopper notch 25 and paper delivery notch 26, enter paper hopper notch 25 alignment screening rolling The bottom end opening of cylinder 1, the groove top for entering paper hopper notch 25 have additional extension guide plate, it is ensured that bank note smoothly flows into, and enters paper hopper slot The arc-shaped limit sliding rail 27 of two row is respectively equipped on the both sides cell wall of mouth 25, pressing plate 22 is set in paper hopper notch 25, pressing plate 22 two sides are caught in arc-shaped limit sliding rail 27, and pressing plate driving motor 24 connects pressing plate 22, and twist wheel 21 is set into paper hopper The intersection of notch 25 and paper delivery notch 26, and twist wheel driving motor 23 is connected, pressing plate driving motor 24 drives pressing plate 22 along arc Shape limit sliding rail 27 is rotated using the boundary line for entering paper hopper notch 25 and paper delivery notch 26 as rotation axis back and forth, twist wheel driving motor 23 driving twist wheel, 21 interval regularly rotates, and bank note shifts to twist wheel 21 under the action of pressing plate 22, and because of the effect of frictional force It is twisted to paper delivery notch 26 by twist wheel 21, being equipped between the top of pressing plate 22 and the top for entering paper hopper notch 25 prevents in pressing plate 22 The film that bank note skids off in rotation process, in order to avoid cause bank note to mark in 22 motion process of pressing plate, while the top of pressing plate 22 A series of film positioning round orifice 28 for installing film are equipped with, the top shelf for entering paper hopper notch 25 is equipped with one for pacifying Fill the film locating rod 29 of film.
After booting, the bank note of arbitrary shape slides into pressing plate 22 and twists in the space between paper groove casing.If without pressing plate 22, It since the toughness of bank note itself is higher, then can be blocked in such funnel space, and bottom twist wheel 21 can not be touched.And it is added After pressing plate 22, with rule movement of the pressing plate 22 in arc-shaped limit sliding rail 27, bank note is made to be extended (not by compression to a certain degree Generate impression), to smoothly touch twist wheel 21 in high-speed motion, bank note is twisted out, into the areas Dai Xi of paper delivery notch 26, Convenient for the execution of follow-up mechanism.
Individual fortune paper component 3 includes rocking arm 31, vacuum cups 32 and rocking arm driving motor 33, and rocking arm 31 is two and parallel sets The rod piece set, the bottom end connecting rocker arm driving motor 33 of rocking arm 31, vacuum cups 32 are set to the top of rocking arm 31, are inhaled using vacuum Negative pressure of vacuum (vacuum generator+air compressor machine) draws bank note in first 32, and rocking arm driving motor 33 drives rocking arm 31 to rotate so that true The back and forth movement between the areas Dai Xi of paper delivery notch 26 and the conveyer belt inlet of bank note conveyer belt conveyer 41 of suction head 32 is used Vacuum generator provides suction, when vacuum cups 32 acts on bank note, if acting on multiple bank note, due to poor air-tightness, nothing Method picks up, therefore is conducive to the absorption of individual bank note, is conducive to the efficient realization of processing subsequent step.
Vacuum cups 32 is connected with the vacuum cups driving motor 34 for adjusting 32 direction of vacuum cups, vacuum cups 32 State straight down is remained during the motion, and vacuum cups 32 is the scalable suction nozzle with spring, is being transported During dynamic, vacuum cups 32 moves to the areas Xi Zhi and overexercise, so that vacuum cups 32 is completely attached to bank note, at this time vacuum Suction nozzle 32 is closed, and negative pressure acts, and bank note is being connect soon by from the conveyer belt that one end moves to bank note conveyer belt conveyer 41 When the conveyer belt of nearly bank note conveyer belt conveyer 41, the vacuum cups 32 that vacuum cups driving motor 34 drives is with respect to table top angle And out of plumb, but it is more biased towards conveyer belt direction, to make bank note more smoothly be placed on conveyer belt.
Rocking arm 31 is related to the solenoid valve opening and closing of vacuum cups 32 during the motion and the spatial position of rocking arm 31 coordinates. Therefore it as shown in figure 5, a rocking arm position sensor 35 is arranged in the bottom end of rocking arm 31, can be used to emitter-base bandgap grading light shading type photoelectric transfer Sensor plays the role of location prediction, feeds back to and whether reaches predeterminated position, if reaching, generates negative pressure, picks up bank note and drive it It moves on conveyer belt, realizes the carrying of bank note, when rocking arm 31 moves at conveyer belt, photoelectric door is blocked, and signals to close Solenoid valve is closed, at this point, due to not having air-flow by vacuum generator, without negative pressure inside vacuum cups 32, bank note is at itself It is fallen on conveyer belt under gravity.
Image recognition component 4 includes bank note conveyer belt conveyer 41, black box 42, headlamp, camera and image recognition control Device processed, black box 42 are erected on bank note conveyer belt conveyer 41, and headlamp and camera are set in black box 42, and headlamp is in symmetrical Annular is laid, and certain intensity of illumination is provided, and is conducive to image recognition, and image recognition controller connects camera, and bank note is with biography It send the transport with conveyer to be sent in black box 42, is placed in the camera collection image in 42 top centre position of black box, passes through row Line inputs a signal into image recognition controller (Raspberry Pi mini computers can be used) and carries out image analysis, according to bank note Feature judges that the type of bank note, processing speed are 0.2S/, meanwhile, analysis result and statistical data are illustrated in external aobvious In display screen, camera is first in video (VEDIO) pattern, and image recognition controller receives the image of camera acquisition, and traverses All image discrete points carry out feature judgement by the way that rgb color space is mixed with HSV color spaces to bank note, weighted It show that black is always counted after calculating, judges that always points are less than predetermined threshold value to black, if it is not, then controlling camera keeps video screen module Formula, if so, it is judged as thering is bank note entrance, and after postponing setting time, control camera is switched to photo (PHOTO) mould Formula, at this point, bank note is located at immediately below camera, the feature sufficiently complete of the image collected, to which identification essence be greatly improved Degree.By verification experimental verification, image recognition component 4 can realize the chaotic bank note of relatively stable identification per minute more than 40 and scheme As identifying system recognition correct rate nearly 100%.
Bank note categorised collection component 5 includes bank note collecting vessel 51, bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52, is used for bank note collecting vessel The bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor 53 and bank note categorised collection controller of 51 Self-resettings, be evenly dividing in bank note collecting vessel 51 for Different bank note collecting regions, bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52 connect bank note collecting vessel 51, and bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor 53 is set In on bank note collecting vessel 51, it is fixed that bank note categorised collection controller is separately connected bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52, bank note collecting vessel Level sensor 53 and image recognition controller, bank note categorised collection controller is according to the paper money recognition knot of image recognition controller Fruit, control bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52 drive bank note collecting vessel 51 so that corresponding bank note collecting region alignment bank note transmission Outlet with conveyer 41, after bank note falls into corresponding bank note collecting region, bank note categorised collection controller is according to bank note collecting vessel The data control bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52 that alignment sensor 53 acquires drives bank note collecting vessel 51 to return to initial position.This In embodiment, bank note collecting vessel 51 is designed as six palace lattice structures, and bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor 53 is using be in the light disk and photoelectricity The structure of sensor, when bank note collecting vessel 51 rotates, the disk that is in the light and then rotates, when photoelectric sensor is detected by light-blocking state When becoming conducting state, then bank note collecting vessel driving motor 52 is stopped, to realize Self-resetting, is convenient for the receipts of lower bank note Collection, it is ensured that rotation is precisely errorless every time, realizes that continuous bank note of collecting provides safeguard for collection box.
Bank note categorised collection 5 floor spaces of component are small, due to using rotating manner, only need a stepper motor can It realizes the collection of different bank note, and adds photoelectric sensor and the disk that is in the light, to realize the Self-resetting after collecting every time, disappear Except single rotation error, it can be achieved that continuous precise positioning truly rotates.
Three, Coin sorting mechanism 6
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, Coin sorting mechanism 6 include the belt-type feeding material component 61 from top to bottom set gradually, it is hard Coin sorts track 62, multiple caching cylinders 63, multiple single coin separation assemblies 64 and multiple coin counters 65, belt-type feeding group Part 61 and Coin sorting track 62 are obliquely installed for same direction, and the transmission direction of belt-type feeding material component 61 is upward, coin point The cross section for picking track 62 is in N fonts, as shown in figure 8,62 upper edge of Coin sorting track is in the diagonally downward direction successively equipped with multiple Sorting slot 621, multiple caching cylinders 63 pass through 66 alignment of a coin collection funnel, one sorting slot 621 and Coin sorting rail respectively The lower section of the end in road 62, each coin caching cylinder 63 is correspondingly arranged a single coin separation assembly 64, each list coin separation group One coin counter 65 is set on part 64.
Belt-type feeding material component 61 includes coin feeding mouth 611, coin conveyer belt conveyer 612, for preventing coin from sliding The rear baffle 613 fallen and the front apron 614 for making coin individually transmit, coin conveyer belt conveyer 612 use synchronous motor The structure of synchronous belt, rear baffle 613 and front apron 614 is driven to be arranged in coin along 612 transmission direction of coin conveyer belt conveyer Between conveyer belt conveyer 612 and coin feeding mouth 611, coin conveyer belt conveyer corresponding with coin feeding mouth 611 612 it is same Walk the coin carousel support plate 615 for being equipped with lower section and being used to support coin.Coin conveyer belt conveyer 612 has speed can It adjusts, low advantage is lost.
Coin is fallen into the synchronous belt for tilting coin conveyer belt conveyer 612 by screening hole 11 through coin feeding mouth 611 Lower part, synchronous motor drive synchronous belt to be transported up, and coin is moved up due to rubbing from bottom end, before synchronous belt upper end outlet It limits the output of coin on baffle 614, realizes the function of the continuous single output of coin.When being positioned on synchronous belt due to coin Certain deformation will be had, therefore by the way that coin carousel support plate 615 is arranged, to avoid coin from rear baffle 613 and deformation The problem of being leaked out in the larger gap of synchronous belt afterwards, limit the amount of deflection of synchronous belt, avoiding leakage coin.At the same time, in belt Rack fixed plate is arranged in the both sides of formula feeding material component 61, strictly controls the gap between rack fixed plate and synchronous belt, ensures Coin will not be fallen from its gap.
Coin sorting track 62, in the structure of N fonts and the hollow out of different in width, compares traditional ladder using cross section Shape sort track, more utilize coin diameter difference the characteristics of, it is simple in structure, it is easy to process, without additionally will sorting Track is obliquely installed towards side, and it is good to sort effect.In the present embodiment, Coin sorting track 62 is sorted provided with dime Slot and half a buck sorting slot enter Coin sorting track 62, due to inclining when coin is after the single output of synchronous belt Angle, coin glide, and Coin sorting track 62 and synchronous belt bottom surface spacing are smaller, the section at the beginning of glide, by the limitation of mechanical structure, The vibration for effectively reducing coin makes it be close to track sliding with tending towards stability.Dime sorting slot size and one jiao of coin Diameter coincide, and runs a distance, and when by elongated slot, since groove width is more than center of gravity present position, one jiao of coin will be fallen down, together Reason, half a buck are fallen into half a buck sorting slot, complete half a buck sorting, unitary coin, which smoothly slides, can be completed coin Sorting.
Single coin separation assembly 64 includes rotating circular disk 641, outlet disk 642 and single coin sliding rail 645, rotating circular disk 641 thickness is close but is less than the thickness of a coin, and the top surface of rotating circular disk 641 is close to cache the bottom end opening of cylinder 63, rotation The bottom surface for turning disk 641 is close to export the top surface of disk 642, and rotating circular disk 641 is equipped with multiple first circular holes 643, outlet circle It is set on disk 642 there are one the second circular hole 644, rotating circular disk 641 rotates the bottom end opening so that the first circular hole 643 and caching cylinder 63 Or second circular hole 644 communicate, the top of single coin sliding rail 645 is directed at the second circular hole 644, the bottom end alignment of single coin sliding rail 645 Packing tube 71, coin counter 65 are arranged on single coin sliding rail 645.Setting two is right on rotating circular disk 641 in the present embodiment The first circular hole 643 claimed, rotating circular disk 641 rotate, and drive a coin every time, after rotating 180 degree, fall from the second circular hole 644 It falls, falls into single coin sliding rail 645.
Four, Coin packing mechanism 7
As shown in figure 9, Coin packing mechanism 7 includes packing tube 71, packaging drive roll 72, packaging driven voller 73, packaging master Dynamic roll drive motor, the driven roll drive motor of packaging, paper feeding component 74, activity support coin component 75, packaging coin collection box and hard Coin packaging controller, packing tube 71 are set to below the outlet of single coin separation assembly 64, and activity support coin component 75 is set to packing tube 71 bottom, packaging coin collection box are located at the lower section of packing tube 71, and packaging drive roll 72 and packaging driven voller 73 are uniformly arranged On the barrel of packing tube 71, packaging active roll drive motor connection packaging drive roll 72 packs driven roll drive motor connection Driven voller 73 is packed, paper feeding component 74 is set to the side of packaging driven voller 73, is set between paper feeding component 74 and packaging driven voller 73 There are cut paper component 76 and wrapping paper guiding groove 77, Coin packing controller to be separately connected coin counter 65, single coin separation group Part 64, packaging active roll drive motor, the driven roll drive motor of packaging and activity support coin component 75.It is packed actively in the present embodiment Roller 72 is two, and it is drive roll to send and use three feeding-in rolls arranged side by side, intermediate feeding-in roll to component, and cut paper component 76 wraps Hand papercutter, hand papercutter frame and hand papercutter sliding rail are included, hand papercutter is inclined on hand papercutter frame, hand papercutter frame and cut paper Knife sliding rail is slidably connected, and the structure of paper+adhesive tape can be used in wrapping paper.
Activity support coin component 75 includes support coin gasket, oscillator and support coin gasket driving motor, and support coin gasket is set to packing tube 71 bottom, support coin gasket driving motor connection support coin gasket, oscillator are set in support coin gasket, shake during coin collection It is dynamic, it would be possible to which that the coin of standing shakes down, to effectively avoid the spatiality mistake of coin collection.
As shown in Figure 10, A is the direction of motion for packing drive roll 72, and B is the direction of motion of intermediate feeding-in roll, and C is packet The clamping direction of driven voller 73 is filled, D is the moving direction for holding in the palm coin gasket, and E is the packaging direction of wrapping paper, and F is the fortune of hand papercutter Dynamic direction, by the coin support fallen in packing tube 71, coin counter 65 is count down to activity support coin component 75 when original state After setting coin numerical value, driven roll drive motor is packed in single 64 break-off of coin separation assembly of Coin packing controller control It drives packaging driven voller 73 to move to clamping position by relatively outer, clamps the coin of the stacking in packing tube 71, packaging drive roll drives Dynamic motor driving packaging drive roll 72 rotates, the frictional force caused by the clamping force between coin and roller so that stacking Also with rotation, paper feeding component 74 drives wrapping paper driven into packing along wrapping paper guiding groove 77 for coin and packaging driven voller 73 Between roller 73 and the coin stacked, after the general circle of coin that wrapping paper package stacks, packaging drive roll 72, packaging driven voller 73 And feeding-in roll all stalls, and in shape body is locked, then the wrapping paper between packing tube 71 and feeding-in roll is in tensioned state, this When, cut paper component 76 cuts off wrapping paper and resets, and packaging stops operating after the 15 second time of delay of drive roll 72, then packs driven Roller 73 resets, then switchs to empty contact condition by clamped condition between coin and roller, activity support coin component 75 is removed, packaged hard Coin falls vertically under the effect of gravity, falls into packaging coin collection box, so as to complete the packaging of a pile coin.
Coin packing mechanism 7 is small and exquisite, function is strong, packaging efficiency is high, and can fully achieve the automatic packaging of coin. Due to using sheet package, and it is of less demanding to paper type, it is versatile, it is of low cost.
In conclusion the coin (including currency and coins) mixed carries out first step screening by screening roller 1 first, it is real First point of existing currency and coins, correspondence respectively enters coin pan feeding region and paper currency sorting region.Into the coin in coin region By toothed belt transmission, and by front apron 614, continuous single coin output is realized, into Coin sorting track 62, coin Sort track 62 according to the diameter difference of coin distinguish coin, may be implemented 100% accurately distinguish out one jiao, five jiaos, unitary it is hard Coin, coin respectively enter corresponding coin collection funnel 66 in gravity under, and coin collection funnel 66 adjusts coin whereabouts posture, Coin packing mechanism 7 is then sequentially entered, realizes packaging, it can also be by unifying its statistical data of display terminal Real-time Feedback and working as Preceding numerical value.And the bank note for entering banknote area is twisted out by twist wheel 21, then paper is placed in by vacuum cups 32 with rocking arm 31 On conveyer belt, enter identification region with conveyer belt.After bank note enters identification region, camera gathered data simultaneously feeds back to image Recognition result is sent to bank note categorised collection controller, bank note categorised collection control by identification controller, image recognition controller Device setting delay time makes bank note collecting vessel 51 adjust corresponding palace lattice to wait for the entrance of bank note.
As shown in figure 11, Coin sorting workflow:
1, coin falls into coin feeding mouth 611, and motor drives synchronous belt movement, due to friction, coin uplink.Reach limit Place, it is single to export.
2, coin by piece by Coin sorting track 62, be oriented to and photoelectric counting after enter respectively caching cylinder 63, sorted At.
3, the rotation of caching 63 bottom rotating circular disk 641 of cylinder, coin individually export, sensor feedback numerical value to Coin packing control Device processed reaches preset value, stops operating.
4, oscillator vibration in activity support coin component 75, eliminates coin dislocation.Therewith, packaging driven voller 73 clamps coin, Packaging drive roll 72 rotates together under driving.
5, feeding-in roll is twisted paper and is entered in packing tube 71, reaches certain length, and current location is locked in all roller stallings.
6, cut paper component 76 moves, and hand papercutter cuts off paper slip, forms fixed length single hop paper tape.
7, packaging drive roll 72 is rotated further, and exposed paper tape fully enters and carries out Coin packing.
8, roller stalls, and packaging driven voller 73 leaves, and support coin gasket rotation, coin volume is fallen, and packaging is completed.
The workflow of bill handling mechanism:
1, bank note, which enters, twists paper groove casing, twist wheel 21 and pressing plate 22 collective effect under steering engine drive, realize bank note individual Output.
2, rocking arm 31 coordinates the solenoid valve opening and closing of vacuum cups 32, realizes the taking-up and movement of individual bank note.
3, bank note is fallen on conveyer belt, as conveyer belt moves, is carried out dynamic image identification, is sent signal.
4, identification signal is drive signal, and the bank note collecting vessel 51 of six palace lattice structures is rotated up to specific bit.
5, bank note is fallen into, and after delay, 51 Self-resetting of bank note collecting vessel waits for next drive signal.
6, in cycles, rapid sorting is realized.
The Full-automatic machine that the present invention can be achieved to mix the functions such as the sorting of coin, counting, arrangement, packaging is electrical integrated.It is right In the industry for being related to coin processing, such as finance, public transport industry, which is to be made to measure for it.Meanwhile apparatus of the present invention Modularized design is used, unitary part all can be taken off isolated operation.
The present invention have it is compact-sized, powerful, speed is fast, accuracy rate is high, efficient, reduces cost of labor;Consumption Electric low, clean environment firendly;Lower-price characteristic.In terms of comprehensive, it is very suitable for marketing, there are good market prospects.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment, including mix coin separating mechanism, bank note mechanism for sorting, Coin sorting mechanism (6) and Coin packing mechanism (7), which is characterized in that
The roller for mixing screening roller (1) and connection screening roller (1) that coin separating mechanism includes both ends open drives Dynamic component, the screening roller (1) are obliquely installed, and the barrel of screening roller (1) is equipped with multiple screening holes (11), mixes money Coin from screening roller (1) top end opening pour into, drum driven Component driver screen roller (1) rotate, coin from screening hole (11) it is fallen in, bank note is skidded off from the bottom end opening of screening roller (1), and the multiple screening hole (11) is uniformly distributed along the circumference setting On the barrel of screening roller (1);
The bank note mechanism for sorting includes the twirl paper groove component (2) that sequence is arranged successively, individual fortune paper component (3), image recognition It opens the bottom end of component (4) and bank note categorised collection component (5), the entrance alignment screening roller (1) for twisting paper groove component (2) Mouthful, it twists paper groove component (2) and twists out individual bank note, individual bank note is transported to image recognition component (4) by individual fortune paper component (3) Bank note classification after image recognition component (4) identifies the type of bank note by Image Acquisition, is put into bank note categorised collection by entrance Component (5);
The entrance of the Coin sorting mechanism (6) is located at the lower section of screening hole (11), the entrance of the Coin packing mechanism (7) Lower section positioned at the outlet of Coin sorting mechanism (6);
Individual described fortune paper component (3) includes rocking arm (31), vacuum cups (32) and rocking arm driving motor (33), the rocking arm (31) bottom end connecting rocker arm driving motor (33), the vacuum cups (32) are set to the top of rocking arm (31), rocking arm driving electricity Machine (33) drives rocking arm (31) to rotate so that vacuum cups (32) is in the outlet and image recognition component (4) for twisting paper groove component (2) Entrance between back and forth movement, the vacuum cups (32) be connected with for adjust vacuum cups (32) direction vacuum cups drive Dynamic motor (34).
2. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the twirl paper groove component (2) Including twisting paper groove casing, twist wheel (21), pressing plate (22), twist wheel driving motor (23) and pressing plate driving motor (24), the twirl paper Scouring machine shell include be connected enter paper hopper notch (25) and paper delivery notch (26), it is described enter paper hopper notch (25) alignment screening The bottom end opening of roller (1), the both sides cell wall for entering paper hopper notch (25) are equipped with arc-shaped limit sliding rail (27), the pressing plate (22) it is set into paper hopper notch (25), the two sides of pressing plate (22) are caught in arc-shaped limit sliding rail (27), and the pressing plate drives Dynamic motor (24) connection pressing plate (22), the twist wheel (21) are set to the boundary into paper hopper notch (25) and paper delivery notch (26) Place, and twist wheel driving motor (23) is connected, pressing plate driving motor (24) drives pressing plate (22) arcuately to limit sliding rail (27) to enter The boundary line of paper hopper notch (25) and paper delivery notch (26) is that rotation axis rotates back and forth, and twist wheel driving motor (23) drives twist wheel (21) it rotates, bank note shifts to twist wheel (21) under the action of pressing plate (22), and is twisted to paper delivery notch (26) by twist wheel (21).
3. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the top of the pressing plate (22) And enters to be equipped between the top of paper hopper notch (25) and prevent the film that bank note skids off in pressing plate (22) rotation process.
4. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described image recognizer component (4) include bank note conveyer belt conveyer (41), black box (42), headlamp, camera and image recognition controller, the black box (42) it is erected on bank note conveyer belt conveyer (41), the headlamp and camera are set in black box (42), and described image is known Other controller connects camera, and image recognition controller identifies the type of bank note according to the feature of bank note.
5. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the bank note categorised collection group Part (5) includes bank note collecting vessel (51), bank note collecting vessel driving motor (52), the bank note for being used for bank note collecting vessel (51) Self-resetting Collecting vessel alignment sensor (53) and bank note categorised collection controller, the bank note collecting vessel (51) is interior to be evenly dividing as different paper Coin collecting region, bank note collecting vessel driving motor (52) the connection bank note collecting vessel (51), the bank note collecting vessel orientation sensing Device (53) is set on bank note collecting vessel (51), and the bank note categorised collection controller is separately connected bank note collecting vessel driving motor (52), bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor (53) and image recognition controller, bank note categorised collection controller is according to image recognition The paper money recognition of controller is as a result, control bank note collecting vessel driving motor (52) drives bank note collecting vessel (51) so that corresponding Bank note collecting region is directed at the outlet of bank note conveyer belt conveyer (41), after bank note falls into corresponding bank note collecting region, bank note classification Collection controller drives according to the data control bank note collecting vessel driving motor (52) that bank note collecting vessel alignment sensor (53) acquires Dynamic bank note collecting vessel (51) returns to initial position.
6. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Coin sorting mechanism (6) include the belt-type feeding material component (61) from top to bottom set gradually, Coin sorting track (62), multiple caching cylinders (63), Multiple list coin separation assemblies (64) and multiple coin counters (65), the belt-type feeding material component (61) and Coin sorting rail Road (62) is obliquely installed for same direction, and the transmission direction of belt-type feeding material component (61) is upward, the Coin sorting track (62) cross section is in N fonts, and Coin sorting track (62) upper edge is equipped with multiple sorting slots (621) successively in the diagonally downward direction, The end of multiple caching cylinders (63) difference one sorting slots of alignment (621) and Coin sorting track (62), each coin caching It is correspondingly arranged a single coin separation assembly (64) below cylinder (63), a coin meter is set on each list coin separation assembly (64) Number device (65).
7. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the Coin packing mechanism (7) include packing tube (71), packaging drive roll (72), packaging driven voller (73), packaging active roll drive motor, packaging driven voller Driving motor, paper feeding component (74), activity support coin component (75), packaging coin collection box and Coin packing controller, the packet Fitted tube (71) is set to below the outlet of single coin separation assembly (64), and the activity support coin component (75) is set to packing tube (71) Bottom, the packaging coin collection box are located at the lower section of packing tube (71), the packaging drive roll (72) and packaging driven voller (73) it is uniformly arranged on the barrel of packing tube (71), the packaging active roll drive motor connection packaging drive roll (72), institute The driven roll drive motor connection packaging driven voller (73) of packaging is stated, the paper feeding component (74) is set to the one of packaging driven voller (73) Side is equipped with cut paper component (76) and wrapping paper guiding groove (77) between paper feeding component (74) and packaging driven voller (73), described hard Coin packaging controller is separately connected coin counter (65), single coin separation assembly (64), packaging active roll drive motor, packaging Driven roll drive motor and activity support coin component (75), activity support coin component (75) is by the coin support fallen in packing tube (71) Interior, after coin counter (65) count down to setting coin numerical value, the single coin separation assembly (64) of Coin packing controller control is temporary It stops work and makees, pack the coin for the stacking that driven roll drive motor drives packaging driven voller (73) to clamp in packing tube (71), packaging Active roll drive motor driving packaging drive roll (72) rotates so that the coin of stacking and packaging driven voller (73) are also with turning It is dynamic, paper feeding component (74) drive wrapping paper along wrapping paper guiding groove (77) enter packaging driven voller (73) and the coin that stacks it Between, wrapping paper package stack coin, cut paper component (76) cut off wrapping paper, packaging drive roll (72) stop operating, packaging from Dynamic roller (73) resets, and activity support coin component (75) is removed, and packaged coin falls into packaging coin collection box.
8. a kind of intelligent coin sorting equipment according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the activity support coin component (75) include support coin gasket, oscillator and support coin gasket driving motor, the support coin gasket is set to the bottom of packing tube (71), described Oscillator is set in support coin gasket, the support coin gasket driving motor connection support coin gasket.
CN201610485217.5A 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 A kind of intelligence coin sorting equipment Expired - Fee Related CN106097562B (en)

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