CN106093970B - Mobile terminal and its GNSS antenna system and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Mobile terminal and its GNSS antenna system and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106093970B
CN106093970B CN201610404070.2A CN201610404070A CN106093970B CN 106093970 B CN106093970 B CN 106093970B CN 201610404070 A CN201610404070 A CN 201610404070A CN 106093970 B CN106093970 B CN 106093970B
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China
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gnss
antenna
antennas
mobile terminal
signal
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CN106093970A (en
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韩芸
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Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/35Constructional details or hardware or software details of the signal processing chain
    • G01S19/37Hardware or software details of the signal processing chain
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM

Abstract

The invention discloses the global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system and mobile terminal of a kind of mobile terminal.Wherein the GNSS antenna system includes:The main collection antennas of GNSS, for generating the first GNSS signal;Two-in-one antenna, two-in-one antenna are made up of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, for generating the second GNSS signal and GSM signals;Frequency divider, frequency divider are connected with two-in-one antenna, for the second GNSS signal and GSM signals to be separated;First processing module, for being positioned according to the first GNSS signal and the second GNSS signal;Second processing module, for moving communication according to GSM signals.The system can save the clearance zone of diversity antenna needs, and the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum.

Description

Mobile terminal and its GNSS antenna system and electronic equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the global navigation satellite system GNSS aerial system of radio art, more particularly to a kind of mobile terminal System, mobile terminal and electronic equipment.
Background technology
With developing rapidly for mobile communication, mobile terminal function is increasingly abundant, and such as GPS, WiFi application is progressively popularized, More antennas are needed to go to cover new band limits.Diversity antenna technology at present, especially mobile terminal (such as mobile phone) antenna Diversity technique, have been widely used in LTE diversity 4G communications, diversity antenna is located at mobile terminal not respectively with main collection antenna Same position, and there is different antenna forms.It is appreciated that main collection antenna is that two irrelevant signals receive with diversity antenna Equipment, and main collection antenna is combined the evil that can effectively suppress due to control decline etc. to reception signal with diversity antenna Change, improve signal to noise ratio.But the space for leaving antenna for inside mobile terminal (such as mobile phone) is largely effective, and these antenna Certain space can be occupied inside mobile terminal.Therefore, in the external dimensions of current mobile terminal and inner space all very In the case of limited, how while the GNSS navigation features of powerful mobile terminal are pursued, additionally it is possible to so that mobile terminal Volume can be frivolous convenient, be technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is intended at least solve one of above-mentioned technical problem to a certain extent.
Therefore, first purpose of the present invention is the global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna for proposing a kind of mobile terminal System.The system can save the clearance zone of diversity antenna needs, and the experience of GNSS location navigations is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum Lifting.
Second object of the present invention is the global navigation satellite system GNSS aerial system for proposing another mobile terminal System.
Third object of the present invention is to propose a kind of mobile terminal.
Fourth object of the present invention is to propose another mobile terminal.
The 5th purpose of the present invention is to propose a kind of electronic equipment.
The 6th purpose of the present invention is to propose another electronic equipment.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna of the mobile terminal of first aspect present invention embodiment System, including:The main collection antennas of GNSS, for generating the first GNSS signal;Two-in-one antenna, the two-in-one antenna is by GNSS points Collect antenna and gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, for generating the second GNSS signal and GSM signals;Frequency divider, the frequency divider It is connected with the two-in-one antenna, for second GNSS signal and GSM signals to be separated;First processing module, use Positioned according to first GNSS signal and second GNSS signal;Second processing module, for according to the GSM Signal moves communication.
The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, the first GNSS is generated by the main collection antennas of GNSS Signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna is led to by GNSS diversity antennas and GSM Believe antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, and first processing module is according to GNSS master First GNSS signal of collection antenna output and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in the species of conventional antenna On the basis of add a GNSS diversity antenna, and be by the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna conjunction two One to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and higher without needing to possess as other main collection antennas by two The diversity antenna of antenna gain or efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, can avoid the antenna duplexer of three or more than three The Antenna Design of one antenna causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, the GNSS when electronic equipment direction of rotation Antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block;On the other hand the headroom of diversity antenna needs can be saved Area, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save the size of mobile terminal and inside Space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the GNSS antenna system also includes:Second combiner, second combining Device is connected between the main collection antennas of the GNSS, the GNSS diversity antennas and the first processing module, for described The signal of the main collection antennas of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas merges.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the main antennas that integrate of the GNSS is the main collection antennas of GPS.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the main collection antennas of the GNSS are different with the direction of the GNSS diversity antennas.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the GNSS diversity antennas include Big Dipper diversity antenna, Galileo diversity day One or more in line and GLONASS diversity antennas.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the GNSS antenna system also includes:It is connected with the main collection antennas of the GNSS Adjusting module, for adjust the GNSS it is main collection antenna resonance point with adjust the GNSS it is main collection antenna GNSS standards.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the adjusting module has programmable resistance, programmable inductance and may be programmed One or more of electric capacity, the adjusting module according to corresponding to target GNSS standards resonance point to the programmable resistance, One or more of programmable inductance and programmable capacitor are adjusted.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first processing module, it is additionally operable to detect the GNSS diversity antennas Standard, and the main resonance points for collecting antenna of the GNSS are adjusted according to the standard of the GNSS diversity antennas, so that the GNSS master It is identical with the standard of the GNSS diversity antennas to collect antenna.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna of the mobile terminal of second aspect of the present invention embodiment System, including:The main collection antennas of GNSS, for generating the first GNSS signal;Two-in-one antenna, the two-in-one antenna is by GNSS points Collect antenna and gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, for generating the second GNSS signal and GSM signals;Frequency divider, the frequency divider It is connected with the two-in-one antenna, for second GNSS signal and GSM signals to be separated;First processing module, use In being handled first GNSS signal to generate the first result;Second processing module, for described second GNSS signal is handled to generate second processing result;Communication process link, for being handled the GSM signals with life Into the 3rd result;First combiner, first combiner and the first processing module and the Second processing module It is connected, for being merged to first result and second processing result;BBP, after according to combining First result and the second processing result are positioned, and are moved according to the 3rd result logical Letter.
The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, by the basis of the species of conventional antenna It is add a GNSS diversity antenna more, and the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna are combined into one to realize Antenna duplexer, by there is different frequency range and without needing to possess higher antenna gain as other main collection antennas by two Or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, and the respectively main collection antenna of GNSS diversity antennas and GNS sets different processing Module, the processing speed of signal is being improved, while improving the accuracy and location efficiency of positioning, diversity day can also be saved The clearance zone that line needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save mobile terminal Size and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the mobile terminal of third aspect present invention embodiment, including:First aspect present invention embodiment Mobile terminal GNSS antenna system.
Mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, the main collection antenna generations first of the GNSS in GNSS antenna system can be passed through GNSS signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and Gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, first processing module according to First GNSS signal of the main collection antenna outputs of GNSS and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in mobile terminal In it is in the past on the basis of the species of antenna more add a GNSS diversity antenna, and by the GNSS diversity antennas with it is existing Gsm communication antenna is combined into one to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and without with other main collection antennas by two Equally need to possess higher antenna gain or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, three or three can be avoided The Antenna Design of one antenna of antenna duplexer more than individual causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, when electronics is set GNSS antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block during standby direction of rotation;On the other hand diversity can be saved The clearance zone that antenna needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save mobile end The size at end and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the mobile terminal of fourth aspect present invention embodiment, including second aspect of the present invention embodiment Mobile terminal GNSS antenna system.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the electronic equipment of fifth aspect present invention embodiment, including:First aspect present invention embodiment Mobile terminal GNSS antenna system.
Electronic equipment according to embodiments of the present invention, the main collection antenna generations first of the GNSS in GNSS antenna system can be passed through GNSS signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and Gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, first processing module according to First GNSS signal of the main collection antenna outputs of GNSS and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in electronic equipment In it is in the past on the basis of the species of antenna more add a GNSS diversity antenna, and by the GNSS diversity antennas with it is existing Gsm communication antenna is combined into one to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and without with other main collection antennas by two Equally need to possess higher antenna gain or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, three or three can be avoided The Antenna Design of one antenna of antenna duplexer more than individual causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, when electronics is set GNSS antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block during standby direction of rotation;On the other hand diversity can be saved The clearance zone that antenna needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, is set so as to save electronics Standby size and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of electronic equipment is frivolous convenient.
For the above-mentioned purpose, the electronic equipment of sixth aspect present invention embodiment, including second aspect of the present invention embodiment Mobile terminal GNSS antenna system.
The additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will be set forth in part in the description, and will partly become from the following description Obtain substantially, or recognized by the practice of the present invention.
Brief description of the drawings
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will become in the description from combination accompanying drawings below to embodiment Substantially and it is readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation according to the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal of a specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation according to the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal of another specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation according to the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal of another specific embodiment of the invention.
Reference:
The main collection antennas 110 of GNSS, two-in-one antenna 120, frequency divider 130, first processing module 140, Second processing module 150th, the main collection antenna 210 of the second combiner 160, adjusting module 170, GNSS, two-in-one antenna 220, at frequency divider 230, first Manage module 240, Second processing module 250, communication process link 260, the first combiner 270, BBP 280 and adjustment mould Block 290.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of the embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label represents same or similar element or the element with same or like function.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to for explaining the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings describe the mobile terminal of the embodiment of the present invention global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system, Mobile terminal and electronic equipment.
Fig. 1 is GNSS (the Global Navigation Satellite of mobile terminal according to an embodiment of the invention System, GLONASS) antenna system structural representation.It should be noted that in an embodiment of the present invention, The mobile terminal can be the hardware device that mobile phone, tablet personal computer, personal digital assistant etc. have various operating systems.It can manage Solution, the mobile terminal should have navigation, GSM, and (Global System for Mobile Communication, the whole world are mobile logical Letter system) communication etc. function.
As shown in figure 1, the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal can include:The main collection antennas 110 of GNSS, two-in-one antenna 120th, frequency divider 130, first processing module 140 and Second processing module 150.
Specifically, the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS can be used for the first GNSS signal of generation.More specifically, the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS Sending and receiving for the first GNSS signal can be responsible for.For example, the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS can be sent out radiofrequency signal, such as GNSS Positioning request signal, it can also receive the GNSS positioning letters that GLONASS feeds back according to GNSS positioning request signals Number.
Two-in-one antenna 120 can be made up of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, and two-in-one antenna 120 can For generating the second GNSS signal and GSM signals.
It should be noted that because main diversity antenna technology is irrelevant signal receiver, main collection antenna and diversity The combination of antenna can effectively suppress, due to the deterioration to reception signal such as spatial fading, to improve signal to noise ratio.Therefore, it is of the invention The global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal of embodiment proposes to be increased in the GNSS antenna system GNSS diversity antennas.Wherein, because main diversity antenna forms complementary effect to GNSS signal, so, diversity antenna does not have to it His antenna equally possesses higher antenna gain or efficiency, therefore, the GNSS antenna system of the embodiment of the present invention is proposed GNSS Diversity antenna is combined into one with gsm communication antenna, realizes antenna duplexer.That is, in an embodiment of the present invention, two conjunction One antenna 120 is to be combined into one an antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna, realizes that GNSS diversity antennas lead to GSM Believe the purpose of one antenna of antenna duplexer, two-in-one antenna 120 can receive the second GNSS signal (i.e. GNSS diversity signals) and GSM Signal.
Wherein, due to one two-in-one antenna 120 of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, and two-in-one antenna 120 have two resonance points, so, two-in-one antenna 120 can respectively receive GSM signals and by the two resonance points Two GNSS signals (i.e. GNSS diversity signals).
It should be noted that because gsm communication antenna is usually located at the lower end of mobile terminal (such as mobile phone), therefore, this hair The GNSS antenna system of bright mobile terminal is towards mobile terminal (such as mobile phone) top side by the polarised direction of GNSS diversity antennas To can so be efficiently received sky satellite navigation positioning signal.
Frequency divider 130 is connected with two-in-one antenna 120, and frequency divider 130 can be used for entering the second GNSS signal and GSM signals Row separation.It is appreciated that because frequency range used in GNSS system is different from frequency range used in gsm communication (i.e. 2G communications), The frequency range that i.e. gsm communication is typically used for is 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz, and these frequency ranges and GNSS frequency ranges 1.5G~ 1.6GHz adjacent frequency bands are nearer, during antenna adjustment, are readily available a big tuning section, therefore, the embodiment of the present invention GNSS antenna system can be carried out the second GNSS signal received by two-in-one antenna 120 and GSM signals by frequency divider 130 Separation, to realize that frequency-selecting acts on, and respectively by the second GNSS signal after separation and GSM signal outputs to corresponding processing module Isolated second GNSS signal, is such as output in first processing module 140 by middle carry out signal transacting, will be isolated GSM signal outputs are into Second processing module 150.
First processing module 140 can be used for being positioned according to the first GNSS signal and the second GNSS signal.More specifically, First processing module 140 can be by the first GNSS signal that the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS export and the 2nd GNSS that frequency divider 130 exports Signal carries out signal transacting, and is positioned according to the result after signal transacting.
Second processing module 150 can be used for moving communication according to GSM signals.More specifically, Second processing module 150 GSM signals that frequency divider 130 exports can be subjected to signal transacting, and be moved according to the result after signal transacting logical Letter.
In order to improve the availability and feasibility of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal, further, the present invention's In one embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 on the basis of as shown in Figure 1, the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal may also include: Second combiner 160.Wherein, the second combiner 160 is connected to the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS, GNSS diversity antennas and the first processing Between module 140, for being merged to the signal of the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas.For example, as shown in Fig. 2 Second combiner 160 is attached between the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS, frequency divider 130 and first processing module 140.
Specifically, the second combiner 160 can be by main the first GNSS signals that export of collection antenna 110 of GNSS and frequency divider 130 Second GNSS signal of output is merged, and the first GNSS signal after merging and the second GNSS signal are output at first Manage module 140.First processing module 140 the first GNSS signal after merging and the second GNSS signal can be carried out signal transacting with Realize positioning.For example, it is assumed that main the first GNSS signals for integrating the output of antenna 110 of GNSS are as a-signal, the of the output of frequency divider 130 Two GNSS signals are B signal, then the second combiner 160 can merge a-signal and B signal, and the signal after merging is entered Row processing, is finally positioned with the signal of (A+B)/2.Thus, by the way that the second combiner is arranged at into the main collection antennas of GNSS, frequency dividing Between device and first processing module, the GNSS signal on the main collection antennas of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas is closed by the second combiner Into all the way, using unified GNSS hardware handles link processings, reduce hardware spending cost, and it is possible to effectively reduce The error of single antenna positioning, especially suitable for there is the scene blocked around mobile terminal.
In order to improve the receiving ability of signal, GNSS positioning function, in one embodiment of the invention, GNSS are improved The direction of main collection antenna 110 and GNSS diversity antennas is different.Thus, it is possible to avoiding the direction of antenna can uniformly cause when mobile whole GNSS antenna is easily integrally blocked when holding direction of rotation, can so cause GNSS positioning function will be weakened severely.
It is appreciated that GNSS system refers to all satellite navigation systems, including it is the whole world, region and enhancing, such as The GPS in the U.S., the GLONASS (GLONASS GPS) of Russia, Galileo (the Galileo whole world in Europe Satellite navigation system), big-dipper satellite (BeiDou) navigation system of China, and related strengthening system, such as the WAAS in the U.S. (Multi-functional transporting satellite increases the EGNOS (European geostationary Navigation Overlay System) and the MSAS of Japan in (WAAS), Europe Strong system) etc., it is also contemplated by building and other that to be built satellite navigation system later.Therefore, according to the difference of GNSS system, defend Diversity antenna used in star navigation system also can be different.As a kind of example, the main antennas 110 that integrate of the GNSS can be GPS master Collect antenna.
In this example, the GNSS diversity antennas may include but be not limited to Big Dipper diversity antenna, Galileo diversity antenna and One or more in GLONASS diversity antennas etc..It is appreciated that the type of the GNSS diversity antennas can be according to mobile terminal Design requirement and/or mobile terminal the area that is used or region set.
Because GNSS diversity antennas correspond to different GNSS standards according to different antenna types, therefore, in order to ensure The main collection antennas of GNSS are consistent with the standard of GNSS diversity antennas, can adjust the main collection days of GNSS according to the standard of GNSS diversity antennas The standard of line.Further, in one embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 3, the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal also It may include:Adjusting module 170.Wherein, adjusting module 170 is connected with the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS, available for the main collection days of adjustment GNSS The resonance point of line 110 with adjust GNSS it is main collection antenna 110 GNSS standards.
Wherein, in an embodiment of the present invention, the adjusting module 170 has programmable resistance, programmable inductance and can compiled One or more of journey electric capacity, adjusting module 170 can according to corresponding to target GNSS standards resonance point to the programmable resistance, One or more of programmable inductance and programmable capacitor are adjusted.Wherein, in an embodiment of the present invention, the target GNSS standards can be the standard of GNSS diversity antennas.
In an embodiment of the present invention, first processing module 140 can be additionally used in the standard for detecting GNSS diversity antennas, and root According to the resonance point of the main collection antennas 110 of standard adjustment GNSS of GNSS diversity antennas, so that the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS and GNSS diversity The standard of antenna is identical.More specifically, first processing module 140 can first detect the standard of GNSS diversity antennas, and according to GNSS The standard of diversity antenna adjusts the resonance point of the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS by adjusting module 170 so that the main collection antennas 110 of GNSS It is identical with the standard of GNSS diversity antennas.Thus, by the way that the standard of the main collection antennas of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas is consistent, The high-gain and location efficiency of antenna are improved, improves the availability and feasibility of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal.
It should be noted that in one embodiment of the invention, the first processing module 140 may include at GNSS signal Manage IC and GNSS RF processing links;Second processing module 150 may include GSM signal processing ICs and GSM RF processing links.
The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, the first GNSS is generated by the main collection antennas of GNSS Signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna is led to by GNSS diversity antennas and GSM Believe antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, and first processing module is according to GNSS master First GNSS signal of collection antenna output and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in the species of conventional antenna On the basis of add a GNSS diversity antenna, and be by the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna conjunction two One to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and higher without needing to possess as other main collection antennas by two The diversity antenna of antenna gain or efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, can avoid the antenna duplexer of three or more than three The Antenna Design of one antenna causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, the GNSS when electronic equipment direction of rotation Antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block;On the other hand the headroom of diversity antenna needs can be saved Area, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save the size of mobile terminal and inside Space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
In order to realize above-described embodiment, the invention also provides a kind of mobile terminal, the mobile terminal includes Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 Any of mobile terminal shown in embodiment GNSS antenna system.The function description of the mobile terminal can be found in above-mentioned as schemed Specific descriptions shown in 1 to Fig. 3, will not be repeated here.
Mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, the main collection antenna generations first of the GNSS in GNSS antenna system can be passed through GNSS signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and Gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, first processing module according to First GNSS signal of the main collection antenna outputs of GNSS and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in mobile terminal In it is in the past on the basis of the species of antenna more add a GNSS diversity antenna, and by the GNSS diversity antennas with it is existing Gsm communication antenna is combined into one to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and without with other main collection antennas by two Equally need to possess higher antenna gain or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, three or three can be avoided The Antenna Design of one antenna of antenna duplexer more than individual causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, when electronics is set GNSS antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block during standby direction of rotation;On the other hand diversity can be saved The clearance zone that antenna needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save mobile end The size at end and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
In order to realize above-described embodiment, the invention also provides a kind of electronic equipment, the electronic equipment includes Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 Any of mobile terminal shown in embodiment GNSS antenna system.The function description of the electronic equipment can be found in above-mentioned as schemed Specific descriptions shown in 1 to Fig. 3, will not be repeated here.It is appreciated that the electronic equipment should have the work(such as navigation, gsm communication Energy.
Electronic equipment according to embodiments of the present invention, the main collection antenna generations first of the GNSS in GNSS antenna system can be passed through GNSS signal, two-in-one antenna generate the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, wherein, two-in-one antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and Gsm communication antenna duplexer and form, frequency divider is separated the second GNSS signal and GSM signals, first processing module according to First GNSS signal of the main collection antenna outputs of GNSS and the second GNSS signal of frequency divider output are positioned.I.e. in electronic equipment In it is in the past on the basis of the species of antenna more add a GNSS diversity antenna, and by the GNSS diversity antennas with it is existing Gsm communication antenna is combined into one to realize antenna duplexer, by having different frequency range and without with other main collection antennas by two Equally need to possess higher antenna gain or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, on the one hand, three or three can be avoided The Antenna Design of one antenna of antenna duplexer more than individual causes antenna to concentrate very much, and the direction of antenna is relatively more unified, when electronics is set GNSS antenna is easily reduced the accuracy of GNSS positioning by overall block during standby direction of rotation;On the other hand diversity can be saved The clearance zone that antenna needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, is set so as to save electronics Standby size and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of electronic equipment is frivolous convenient.
Can be respectively that the main collection antennas of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas are set to improve the accuracy of positioning and location efficiency Different processing modules is put, i.e., the main collection signals of GNSS of collection antenna main to GNSS and GNSS divide respectively by different processing modules Collection signal is handled, to improve the processing speed of signal.Therefore, the invention also provides GNSS days of another mobile terminal Linear system is united.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in figure 4, the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal can include:The main collection antennas 210 of GNSS, two-in-one antenna 220th, frequency divider 230, first processing module 240, Second processing module 250, communication process link 260, the and of the first combiner 270 BBP 280.It should be noted that in an embodiment of the present invention, the mobile terminal can be mobile phone, tablet personal computer, Personal digital assistant etc. has the hardware device of various operating systems.It is appreciated that the mobile terminal should have navigation, GSM to lead to The functions such as letter.
Specifically, the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS can be used for the first GNSS signal of generation.More specifically, the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS Sending and receiving for the first GNSS signal can be responsible for.For example, the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS can be sent out radiofrequency signal, such as GNSS Positioning request signal, it can also receive the GNSS positioning letters that GLONASS feeds back according to GNSS positioning request signals Number.
Two-in-one antenna 220 can be made up of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, and two-in-one antenna 220 can For generating the second GNSS signal and GSM signals.
It should be noted that because main diversity antenna technology is irrelevant signal receiver, main collection antenna and diversity The combination of antenna can effectively suppress, due to the deterioration to reception signal such as spatial fading, to improve signal to noise ratio.Therefore, it is of the invention The global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal of embodiment proposes to be increased in the GNSS antenna system GNSS diversity antennas.Wherein, because main diversity antenna forms complementary effect to GNSS signal, so, diversity antenna does not have to it His antenna equally possesses higher antenna gain or efficiency, therefore, the GNSS antenna system of the embodiment of the present invention is proposed GNSS Diversity antenna is combined into one with gsm communication antenna, realizes antenna duplexer.That is, in an embodiment of the present invention, two conjunction One antenna 220 is to be combined into one an antenna by GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna, realizes that GNSS diversity antennas lead to GSM Believe the purpose of one antenna of antenna duplexer, two-in-one antenna 220 can receive the second GNSS signal (i.e. GNSS diversity signals) and GSM Signal.
Wherein, due to one two-in-one antenna 220 of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, and two-in-one antenna 220 have two resonance points, so, two-in-one antenna 220 can respectively receive GSM signals and by the two resonance points Two GNSS signals (i.e. GNSS diversity signals).
Frequency divider 230 is connected with two-in-one antenna 220, and frequency divider 230 can be used for entering the second GNSS signal and GSM signals Row separation.It is appreciated that because frequency range used in GNSS system is different from frequency range used in gsm communication, therefore, the present invention The GNSS antenna system of embodiment can be by frequency divider 230 by the second GNSS signal and GSM received by two-in-one antenna 220 Signal is separated, to realize that frequency-selecting acts on, and respectively by the second GNSS signal after separation and GSM signal outputs corresponding to Signal transacting is carried out in processing module, such as isolated second GNSS signal is output in first processing module 240, will be separated Obtained GSM signal outputs are into Second processing module 250.
First processing module 240 can be used for handling the first GNSS signal to generate the first result.More specifically Main the first GNSS signals that export of collection antenna 210 of GNSS can be carried out signal transacting by ground, first processing module 240, to obtain the One result, for example, the result can be the first GNSS location information generated according to the first GNSS signal.Its In, in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in figure 4, the first processing module 240 may include that GNSS signal handles IC and GNSS RF handles link.
Second processing module 250 can be used for handling the second GNSS signal to generate second processing result.More specifically Ground, Second processing module 250 can be carried out the second GNSS signal (i.e. GNSS diversity signals) that frequency divider 130 exports at signal Reason, to obtain second processing result, for example, the result can be according to the second GNSS signal and the 2nd GNSS positions that generate Confidence ceases.Wherein, in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in figure 4, the Second processing module 250 may include that GNSS signal is handled IC and GNSS RF handle link.
Communication process link 260 can be used for handling GSM signals to generate the 3rd result.It is more specifically, logical The GSM signals that frequency divider 230 exports can be carried out signal transacting by letter processing link 260, and the 3rd obtained result is defeated Go out into BBP 280.The communication process link 260 may include GSM signal processing ICs and GSM RF processing links.
First combiner 270 is connected with first processing module 240 and Second processing module 250, and the first combiner 270 can be used Merged in the first result and second processing result.More specifically, the first combiner 270 can be by first processing module The second processing result that the first result and Second processing module 250 of 240 outputs export merges, and by after merging First result and second processing result are output in BBP 280.For example, it is assumed that first processing module 240 exports The first result be location A information, the second processing result that Second processing module 250 exports is B location information, then first Combiner 270 merges location A information and B location information, and the positional information after merging is output into BBP In 280, such as positional information after the merging can be the positional information of (A+B)/2.
BBP 280 can be used for being positioned according to the first result after combining and second processing result, and Communication is moved according to the 3rd result, to realize the mobile communication function of GNSS positioning and GSM.
In order to improve the receiving ability of signal, GNSS positioning function is improved, in one embodiment of the invention, should The direction of the main collection antenna 210 and GNSS diversity antennas of GNSS is different.Thus, it is possible to avoiding the direction of antenna can uniformly cause when shifting GNSS antenna is easily integrally blocked during dynamic terminal rotating direction, can so cause GNSS positioning function will be weakened severely.
It is appreciated that GNSS system refers to all satellite navigation systems, including it is the whole world, region and enhancing, such as The GPS in the U.S., the GLONASS (GLONASS GPS) of Russia, Galileo (the Galileo whole world in Europe Satellite navigation system), big-dipper satellite (BeiDou) navigation system of China, and related strengthening system, such as the WAAS in the U.S. (Multi-functional transporting satellite increases the EGNOS (European geostationary Navigation Overlay System) and the MSAS of Japan in (WAAS), Europe Strong system) etc., it is also contemplated by building and other that to be built satellite navigation system later.Therefore, according to the difference of GNSS system, defend Diversity antenna used in star navigation system also can be different.As a kind of example, the main antennas 210 that integrate of the GNSS can be GPS master Collect antenna.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the GNSS diversity antennas may include but be not limited to Big Dipper diversity antenna, Galileo point Collect the one or more in antenna and GLONASS diversity antennas etc..It is appreciated that the type of the GNSS diversity antennas can be according to shifting Regional or region that design requirement and/or the mobile terminal institute of dynamic terminal are used is set.
Because GNSS diversity antennas correspond to different GNSS standards according to different antenna types, therefore, in order to ensure The main collection antennas of GNSS are consistent with the standard of GNSS diversity antennas, can adjust the main collection days of GNSS according to the standard of GNSS diversity antennas The standard of line.Further, in one embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 5, the GNSS antenna system of the mobile terminal also It may include:Adjusting module 290.Wherein, adjusting module 290 is connected with the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS, and adjusting module 290 can be used for adjusting The resonance point of the main collection antenna 210 of whole GNSS is to adjust the GNSS standards of the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS.
Wherein, in an embodiment of the present invention, adjusting module 290 has programmable resistance, programmable inductance and may be programmed One or more of electric capacity, adjusting module according to corresponding to target GNSS standards resonance point to programmable resistance, programmable electricity One or more of sense and programmable capacitor are adjusted.Wherein, in an embodiment of the present invention, target GNSS standards can For the standard of GNSS diversity antennas.
In an embodiment of the present invention, first processing module 240 can be additionally used in the standard for detecting GNSS diversity antennas, and root According to the resonance point of the main collection antennas 210 of standard adjustment GNSS of GNSS diversity antennas, so that the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS and GNSS diversity The standard of antenna is identical.More specifically, first processing module 240 can first detect the standard of GNSS diversity antennas, and according to GNSS The standard of diversity antenna adjusts the resonance point of the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS by adjusting module 290 so that the main collection antennas 210 of GNSS It is identical with the standard of GNSS diversity antennas.Thus, by the way that the standard of the main collection antennas of GNSS and GNSS diversity antennas is consistent, The high-gain and location efficiency of antenna are improved, improves the availability and feasibility of the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal.
The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, by the basis of the species of conventional antenna It is add a GNSS diversity antenna more, and the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna are combined into one to realize Antenna duplexer, by there is different frequency range and without needing to possess higher antenna gain as other main collection antennas by two Or the diversity antenna of efficiency realizes antenna duplexer, and the respectively main collection antenna of GNSS diversity antennas and GNS sets different processing Module, the processing speed of signal is being improved, while improving the accuracy and location efficiency of positioning, diversity day can also be saved The clearance zone that line needs, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save mobile terminal Size and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
In order to realize above-described embodiment, the invention also provides appoint in a kind of mobile terminal, including Fig. 4 of the present invention and Fig. 5 The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal shown in one embodiment.The function description of the mobile terminal can be found in above-mentioned such as Fig. 4 extremely Specific descriptions shown in Fig. 5, will not be repeated here.It is appreciated that the mobile terminal should have the functions such as navigation, gsm communication.
Mobile terminal according to embodiments of the present invention, increased by the basis of the species of conventional antenna in the terminal more A GNSS diversity antenna is added, and the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna has been combined into one to realize antenna Share, by there is different frequency range and without needing to possess higher antenna gain or effect as other main collection antennas by two The diversity antenna of rate realizes antenna duplexer, and the respectively main collection antenna of GNSS diversity antennas and GNS sets different processing modules, The processing speed of signal is being improved, while improving the accuracy and location efficiency of positioning, can also save diversity antenna needs The clearance zone wanted, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save the chi of mobile terminal Very little and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of mobile terminal is frivolous convenient.
In order to realize above-described embodiment, the invention also provides appoint in a kind of electronic equipment, including Fig. 4 of the present invention and Fig. 5 The GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal shown in one embodiment.The function description of the electronic equipment can be found in above-mentioned such as Fig. 4 extremely Specific descriptions shown in Fig. 5, will not be repeated here.It is appreciated that the electronic equipment should have the functions such as navigation, gsm communication.
Electronic equipment according to embodiments of the present invention, increased by the basis of the species of conventional antenna in the electronic device more A GNSS diversity antenna is added, and the GNSS diversity antennas and existing gsm communication antenna has been combined into one to realize antenna Share, by there is different frequency range and without needing to possess higher antenna gain or effect as other main collection antennas by two The diversity antenna of rate realizes antenna duplexer, and the respectively main collection antenna of GNSS diversity antennas and GNS sets different processing modules, The processing speed of signal is being improved, while improving the accuracy and location efficiency of positioning, can also save diversity antenna needs The clearance zone wanted, the lifting of GNSS location navigations experience is obtained with the hardware spending of minimum, so as to save the chi of electronic equipment Very little and inner space so that while pursuing powerful function, additionally it is possible to so that the volume of electronic equipment is frivolous convenient.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and can not It is interpreted as indicating or implies relative importance or imply the quantity of the technical characteristic indicated by indicating.Thus, define " the One ", at least one this feature can be expressed or be implicitly included to the feature of " second ".In the description of the invention, " multiple " It is meant that at least two, such as two, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can be that machinery connects Connect or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, can be in two elements The connection in portion or the interaction relationship of two elements, limited unless otherwise clear and definite.For one of ordinary skill in the art For, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or the spy for combining the embodiment or example description Point is contained at least one embodiment or example of the present invention.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Identical embodiment or example must be directed to.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be with office Combined in an appropriate manner in one or more embodiments or example.In addition, in the case of not conflicting, the skill of this area Art personnel can be tied the different embodiments or example and the feature of different embodiments or example described in this specification Close and combine.
Although embodiments of the invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is impossible to limitation of the present invention is interpreted as, one of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, changed, replacing and modification.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal, it is characterised in that including:
    The main collection antennas of GNSS, for generating the first GNSS signal;
    Two-in-one antenna, the two-in-one antenna are made up of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, for generating the Two GNSS signals and GSM signals;The main collection antennas of GNSS are different with the direction of the GNSS diversity antennas, by the GNSS points Collect the polarised direction of antenna towards mobile terminal top orientation;
    Frequency divider, the frequency divider are connected with the two-in-one antenna, for second GNSS signal and GSM signals to be carried out Separation;
    Second combiner, for first GNSS signal and second GNSS signal to be merged, and by after merging First GNSS signal and the second GNSS signal are output to first processing module;
    The first processing module, for being positioned according to the first GNSS signal after the merging and the second GNSS signal, Wherein, the first processing module includes GNSS signal processing IC and GNSS RF processing links;
    Second processing module, for moving communication according to the GSM signals, wherein, the Second processing module includes GSM Signal processing IC and GSM RF processing links;
    The adjusting module being connected with the main collection antennas of the GNSS, for adjusting the resonance point of the main collection antennas of the GNSS to adjust The GNSS standards of the main collection antennas of GNSS are stated, wherein, the adjusting module has programmable resistance, programmable inductance and programmable electricity Hold one or more of, the adjusting module according to corresponding to target GNSS standards resonance point to the programmable resistance, can Programming one or more of inductance and programmable capacitor are adjusted, wherein the target GNSS standards can be the GNSS points Collect the standard of antenna;
    The first processing module, it is additionally operable to detect the standard of the GNSS diversity antennas, and according to the GNSS diversity antennas Standard adjust the resonance point of the main collection antenna of the GNSS so that the system of the main collection antennas of the GNSS and the GNSS diversity antennas Formula is identical, wherein, the type of the GNSS diversity antennas is used according to the design requirement and/or mobile terminal of mobile terminal Area or region set.
  2. A kind of 2. global navigation satellite system GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal, it is characterised in that including:
    The main collection antennas of GNSS, for generating the first GNSS signal;
    Two-in-one antenna, the two-in-one antenna are made up of GNSS diversity antennas and gsm communication antenna duplexer, for generating the Two GNSS signals and GSM signals;The main collection antennas of GNSS are different with the direction of the GNSS diversity antennas, by the GNSS points Collect the polarised direction of antenna towards mobile terminal top orientation;
    Frequency divider, the frequency divider are connected with the two-in-one antenna, for second GNSS signal and GSM signals to be carried out Separation;
    First processing module, for being handled first GNSS signal to generate the first result, wherein, described One processing module includes GNSS signal processing IC and GNSS RF processing links;
    Second processing module, for being handled second GNSS signal to generate second processing result, wherein, described Two processing modules include GSM signal processing ICs and GSM RF processing links;
    Communication process link, for being handled the GSM signals to generate the 3rd result, wherein, the mailing address Managing link includes GSM signal processing ICs and GSM RF processing links;
    First combiner, first combiner are connected with the first processing module and the Second processing module, for pair First result and second processing result merge, and by the first result and second processing result after merging It is output in BBP;
    The BBP, for being determined according to first result after combining and the second processing result Position, and communication is moved according to the 3rd result;
    The adjusting module being connected with the main collection antennas of the GNSS, for adjusting the resonance point of the main collection antennas of the GNSS to adjust The GNSS standards of the main collection antennas of GNSS are stated, wherein, the adjusting module has programmable resistance, programmable inductance and programmable electricity Hold one or more of, the adjusting module according to corresponding to target GNSS standards resonance point to the programmable resistance, can Programming one or more of inductance and programmable capacitor are adjusted, wherein the target GNSS standards can be the GNSS points Collect the standard of antenna;
    The first processing module, it is additionally operable to detect the standard of the GNSS diversity antennas, and according to the GNSS diversity antennas Standard adjust the resonance point of the main collection antenna of the GNSS so that the system of the main collection antennas of the GNSS and the GNSS diversity antennas Formula is identical, wherein, the type of the GNSS diversity antennas is used according to the design requirement and/or mobile terminal of mobile terminal Area or region set.
  3. 3. the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the main collection antennas of GNSS For the main collection antennas of GPS.
  4. 4. the GNSS antenna system of mobile terminal as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the GNSS diversity antennas include One or more in Big Dipper diversity antenna, Galileo diversity antenna and GLONASS diversity antennas.
  5. 5. a kind of mobile terminal, it is characterised in that include the GNSS antenna of the mobile terminal as described in claim any one of 1-4 System.
  6. 6. a kind of electronic equipment, it is characterised in that include the GNSS antenna of the mobile terminal as described in claim any one of 1-4 System.
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