CN106088327A - Manufacture method based on the assembling frame post that 3D prints - Google Patents

Manufacture method based on the assembling frame post that 3D prints Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106088327A
CN106088327A CN201610533436.6A CN201610533436A CN106088327A CN 106088327 A CN106088327 A CN 106088327A CN 201610533436 A CN201610533436 A CN 201610533436A CN 106088327 A CN106088327 A CN 106088327A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame column
vierendeel girder
column
frame
masonry
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Granted
Application number
CN201610533436.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106088327B (en
Inventor
马荣全
苗冬梅
孙学锋
葛杰
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610533436.6A priority Critical patent/CN106088327B/en
Priority to CN201410831487.8A priority patent/CN104532953B/en
Publication of CN106088327A publication Critical patent/CN106088327A/en
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Publication of CN106088327B publication Critical patent/CN106088327B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • E04B1/21Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/215Connections specially adapted therefor comprising metallic plates or parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B1/1903Connecting nodes specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns printed based on 3D and construction method thereof, this frame structure includes: multiple frame columns, and end is provided with the column structure longitudinally disposed, concrete is formed, and inside is provided with longitudinally disposed cylinder cavity;Multiple Vierendeel girders, are erected at the top of described column structure, and the end of described Vierendeel girder and the top of described frame column enclose formation and connect node, and described connection node is placed in the upper of described cylinder cavity;And concrete connecting structure, in being located at described cylinder cavity and at described connection node;Wherein: described frame column and described Vierendeel girder enclose and be spliced to form frame structure;Described concrete connecting structure connects described Vierendeel girder and described frame column.The present invention farthest reduces manually, save material, the construction period feature such as rapidly.Present invention achieves construction overall process zero rubbish, zero template and zero scaffold, be truly realized environmental protection.

Description

Manufacture method based on the assembling frame post that 3D prints
Technical field
The present invention relates to the realm of building construction, the manufacture method of a kind of assembling frame post printed based on 3D.
Background technology
At present, China's building trade was in by traditional architecture industry to the Overall Transformation stage of building industrialization, and green is built Making and be in full swing in the whole nation, large quantities of advanced technologies is widely applied, and current building industry more focuses on energy-conservation, joint Ground, water saving, material-saving and environmental conservation, the hot issue such as green building, green construction is the most progressively received and is implemented, and country also goes out The policy that platform is relevant is supported, but the construction technology level of China is the most relatively backward, still cannot realize zero rubbish, zero Template, zero scaffold construction operation, along with 3D printing technique is in the application of building field, especially 3D printing technique building ink Material property be greatly improved, make construction zero rubbish, zero template, zero scaffold construction operation become possibility, 3D printing technique can realize the printing of any complex model, it is possible to achieve structure, insulation, decoration integrated, it is possible to achieve mould Plate and structural elements integration, current China construction amount maximum for residential housing, residential housing industry is badly in need of a kind of suitable 3D The novel architectural structure system printed, really realizes construction zero rubbish, zero template, zero scaffold construction operation, really Accomplish saving, environmental protection.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the defect of prior art, it is provided that a kind of assembling frame post based on 3D printing Manufacture method, the problem solving to realize the construction operation of zero rubbish, zero template, zero scaffold in existing building construction.
The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose is:
The manufacture method of a kind of assembling frame post printed based on 3D of the present invention, including:
A, employing 3D printing technique make shape adaptation at one layer of masonry extremely pre-buried absolute altitude of frame column;
B, arranging stirrup in the top of this layer of masonry, the shape adaptation of described stirrup is in described frame column;
C, employing 3D printing technique make one layer of masonry again in the top of this layer of masonry;
D, repetition step b, c, to the designed elevation of described frame column, complete the making of described frame column;
In the longitudinally disposed casting space that described frame column end is formed, plug reinforcing bar and casting concrete is formed Column structure.
Frame column uses truss hollow-core construction so that frame column from heavy and light, convenient transport and lifting, the end of frame column It is provided with the concrete column structure that intensity is big, for strengthening the structural strength of frame column, the most also provides for Vierendeel girder and support.Frame The follow-up concrete that poured in the hollow-core construction of trestle, and form firm attachment structure with Vierendeel girder, it is ensured that the knot of frame column While structure intensity, also improve the bonding strength between frame column and Vierendeel girder.Use 3D printing technique to make frame column, fill The advantage of 3D printing technique is waved in distribution, makes entire building be no longer necessary to template in work progress, will not produce building waste, beam, The components such as post, floor, filling wall all can use 3D printing technique to be prefabricated in the factory, and scene carries out assembly, maximum reduction is artificial, Save material, environmental protection, the construction period feature such as rapidly.Present invention achieves construction overall process zero rubbish, zero template and zero foot hands Frame, has been truly realized environmental protection.
Further improvement is that of the manufacture method of the assembling frame post that the present invention prints based on 3D, described frame column It is internally formed inclined support structure, described cylinder cavity will be separated in described frame column by described inclined support structure.
Further improvement is that of the manufacture method of the assembling frame post that the present invention prints based on 3D, described frame column It is shaped as T-shaped, L-type or flat type.
Further improvement is that of the manufacture method of the assembling frame post that the present invention prints based on 3D, is also included in described The first junction steel plate is set at the top of column structure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D;
Fig. 2 is the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns center trestle that prints based on 3D of the present invention and the attachment structure of Vierendeel girder Schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structure of the first embodiment of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns center trestle that the present invention prints based on 3D Schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the structure of the second embodiment of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns center trestle that the present invention prints based on 3D Schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the structure of the 3rd embodiment of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns center trestle that the present invention prints based on 3D Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that the present invention sets a roof beam in place based on the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns center that 3D prints;And
The assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that Fig. 7 to Fig. 9 is the present invention to be printed based on 3D use 3D printing technique prefabricated The decomposition step schematic diagram of frame column.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns printed based on 3D of the present invention and construction method thereof, use 3D printing technique Prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, frame column, truss cassette ceiling and fill wall etc., at the construction field (site) Vierendeel girder and frame column is spliced shape One-tenth frame structure, then filling wall and truss cassette ceiling are located at the hollow space of frame structure, whole work progress is not required to Want template, building waste will not be produced, really realize construction zero rubbish, zero template, the construction operation of zero scaffold.Framework Being provided with cylinder cavity inside post, end is provided with the column structure of concrete, it is ensured that the structural strength of frame column, it is possible to support frame In the case of setting a roof beam in place, there is lighter deadweight, convenient transport and lifting.Vierendeel girder is ridden upon the end of frame column, at frame Casting concrete in the cylinder cavity of trestle, this concreting is the most concordant with Vierendeel girder, joist steel end of frame girder stretched out Frame anchoring is got up, and defines the firm connection between Vierendeel girder and frame column.It is fast that the present invention also has speed of application, saves material The advantages such as material, reduction cost.The assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings present invention printed based on 3D and executing Work method illustrates.
Refering to Fig. 1, it is shown that the structural representation of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D, below In conjunction with Fig. 1, the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns printed the present invention based on 3D illustrates.
As it is shown in figure 1, the present invention includes multiple frame column 10, multiple based on the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that 3D prints Vierendeel girder 20 and connection frame column 10 and the concrete connecting structure 30 of Vierendeel girder 20, frame column 10 and Vierendeel girder 20 enclose It is spliced to form frame structure, by concrete connecting structure 30, Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10 anchor connection, formation is consolidated Overall.
As it is shown on figure 3, frame column 10 uses 3D printing technique to be made, the end of frame column 10 is provided with longitudinally disposed The i.e. column structure 101 of frame column 10 length direction, this column structure 101 is xoncrete structure, and the inside of frame column 10 is along vertical It is provided with cylinder cavity 102 so that the deadweight of frame column 10 is relatively light, conveniently transports and hangs to i.e. frame column 10 length direction of setting Dress, can meet the structural strength of frame column because end is provided with column structure 101 again, play a supporting role Vierendeel girder 20.
As shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 2, Vierendeel girder 20 is erected on the end of frame column 10, is i.e. located at the top of column structure 101 Portion, the end of Vierendeel girder 20 and the top of frame column 10 enclose formation and connect node, and this connection node is located at the post of frame column 10 The top of body cavity 102, in concrete connecting structure 30 is located at cylinder cavity 102 and at connection node, by Vierendeel girder 20 and frame Trestle 10 connects.Further, being inserted with beam steel 201 in the inside of Vierendeel girder 20, beam steel 201 stretches out the end of Vierendeel girder 10 Portion forms anchored end, and anchored end is placed on cylinder cavity 102 and is located at connection node, by pouring in cylinder cavity 102 Anchored end being anchored with the concrete connected at node, the concrete at connection node poured is neat with the end face of Vierendeel girder 20 Flat, define concrete connecting structure 30, it is achieved that the firm connection between Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10.
Further, in order to use, 3D printing technique is prefabricated to be formed Vierendeel girder 20, and Vierendeel girder 20 includes adapting to Vierendeel girder shape The beam housing 202 of shape and the supporting construction 203 being located in beam housing 202, beam housing 202 include the first shell face of being oppositely arranged and Second shell face and be located at the first shell face and the sealing surface of second one end, shell face, the cross section of beam housing 202 is U-shaped, supports knot Structure 203 is located between the first shell face and the second shell face, and beam housing 202 is separated to form beam body cavity 204 and U-type groove 205, should U-type groove 205 is located at the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20.During 3D prints and forms Vierendeel girder 20, print with the shape of Vierendeel girder 20 One layer of masonry, then stirrup 206 is laid at the top with masonry, continues to print one layer of masonry, re-lay stirrup on masonry 206, until to the absolute altitude of Vierendeel girder 20.Printing after forming Vierendeel girder 20, the beam body cavity 204 at Vierendeel girder 20 is inserted into joist steel Muscle 201 also fills self-compacting concrete, forms reinforced concrete structure.When after the concrete setting in beam body cavity 204, by framework Bottom beam 20, U-type groove 205 is arranged upward, place beam steel 201 in U-type groove 205, casting concrete in U-type groove 205, shape Become reinforced concrete structure.Concrete has been poured so that the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20 is mixed in the bottom U-type groove 205 of Vierendeel girder 20 Xtah Crude Clay structure, this xoncrete structure can stress common with beam steel and deformation, it is to avoid Vierendeel girder 20 occurs in loading process Crack, because if the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20 is also adopted by 3D and prints, when Vierendeel girder 20 deforms, outside the Vierendeel girder 20 that 3D prints Shell can because of print every layer of masonry between cohesive force difference and by drawing crack.The bottom using 3D to print Vierendeel girder 20 is set to U-type groove, Casting concrete in U-type groove, the crack problem caused because the seam crossing cohesive force of printed material is not enough with solution framework beam. Separately, prior to beam body sky intra-bladder instillation self-compacting concrete, after in U-type groove the benefit of casting concrete be, when pouring U-type groove, Only the bottom-up of Vierendeel girder need to be turned, it is not necessary to template is additionally set, be also convenient for interspersed reinforcing bar at the bottom of beam, have The advantage of easy construction.
Shown in Fig. 1, concrete connecting structure 30 is located at the interior connection with cylinder cavity 102 top of cylinder cavity 102 At node, the beam steel 201 at the top of Vierendeel girder 20 is arranged and stretches out Vierendeel girder 20, formed and be positioned at the anchoring connected at node End, this anchored end is anchored in concrete connecting structure 30.Setting by concrete connecting structure 30 so that Vierendeel girder 20 He Frame column 10 links together, and forms overall robust structure.
As it is shown on figure 3, the frame column 10 of the present invention is for using 3D printing technique to be made, frame column 10 includes adapting to The post housing 103 of frame column shape and the inclined support structure 104 being located in post housing 103, oblique of inclined support structure 104 is located at post shell In body 103, it is preferred that and angle between post housing 103 be 45 °.Defined with truss support body by inclined support structure 104 The frame column 10 of system.Inclined support structure 104 will be separated to form multiple cylinder cavity 102 in post housing 103.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, during 3D prints and forms frame column 10, print the with the shape of frame column 10 One layer of masonry 1031, then lays stirrup 105, continues to beat on ground floor masonry 1031 in the top of ground floor masonry 1031 Print second layer masonry 1032, is anchored in stirrup 105 in second layer masonry 1032 and ground floor masonry 1031;Build then at the second layer Lay stirrup 105 on body 1032, continue to repeat upwards to print masonry, lay stirrup 105, until to the absolute altitude of frame column 10.? 3D prints when forming frame column 10, and the end of frame column 10 is stayed and set the casting space arranged along its length, after having printed, In casting space, plug post reinforcing bar 106 casting concrete, form column structure 101.Column structure 101 hangs for setting Point, takes into account the supporting construction of Vierendeel girder 20, improves the structural strength of frame column 10, and cylinder cavity 102 uses cavity structure to set Put, have from heavy and light, conveniently the feature such as transport and installation.
As shown in Figure 3, it is shown that the structure first embodiment of the frame column 10 of the present invention, in the present embodiment, frame column 10 is T-shaped, has three ends, and three ends are equipped with column structure 101.T-shaped frame column 10 is located at building body Sidepiece, for connecting three Vierendeel girders 20.As shown in Figure 4, it is shown that the second embodiment of frame column 10, in the present embodiment, Frame column 10 is L-type, has two ends.L-type frame column 10 is located at the corner of building body, is used for connecting two frame girders 20.As shown in Figure 5, it is shown that the 3rd embodiment of frame column 10, in the present embodiment, frame column 10 is flat type, has two Individual end, can be located at the middle part of building body, supports the two frame girders 20 arranged in the same direction.Frame column 10 is all right For cross, there are four ends for supporting the Vierendeel girder 20 in transverse and longitudinal direction.
As in figure 2 it is shown, as a better embodiment of the present invention, the end face in frame column 10 end is provided with the first connection Steel plate 107, the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20 is correspondingly provided with the second junction steel plate 207, when Vierendeel girder 20 is located at the end of frame column 10, First junction steel plate 107 and the second junction steel plate 207 are alignd, and employing is welded to connect fixing.
Shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 6, frame column 10 and Vierendeel girder 20 enclose after being spliced to form frame structure, are Vierendeel girder Arrange on 20 that floor 40, Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10 enclose spatially arranges filling wall, this floor 40 and fill wall and be also Prefabricated components, after being lifted on Vierendeel girder 20 by floor 40, in the top assembling reinforcement of Vierendeel girder 20, by the top of Vierendeel girder 20 Water with the overlapping layers on floor 40 and build up an entirety.When filling wall is arranged, and reserve deformation gap between Vierendeel girder 20, complete After fill with pea gravel concreten again, it is to avoid after beam deformation, load passes to fill on wall, impacts filling wall.
Having the beneficial effect that of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D
Frame column has cylinder cavity so that frame column from heavy and light, convenient transport and lifting, the end of frame column is provided with The concrete column structure that intensity is big, for strengthening the structural strength of frame column, the most also provides for Vierendeel girder and supports.Frame column Body cavity in the follow-up concrete that poured, and form firm attachment structure with Vierendeel girder, it is ensured that the structure of frame column is strong While degree, also improve the bonding strength between frame column and Vierendeel girder.Frame column and Vierendeel girder use 3D printing technique pre- System, gives full play to the advantage of 3D printing technique, makes entire building be no longer necessary to template in work progress, will not produce building rubbish Rubbish, the component such as beam, post, floor, filling wall all can use 3D printing technique to be prefabricated in the factory, and scene carries out assembly, maximum fall Low artificial, save material, environmental protection, the construction period feature such as rapidly.Present invention achieves construction overall process zero rubbish, zero template and Zero scaffold, has been truly realized environmental protection.
Below the construction method of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D is illustrated.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, the construction method bag of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D Include:
Using 3D printing technique to make frame column 10 and Vierendeel girder 20, the end of frame column 10 is formed longitudinally disposed Casting space, is internally formed longitudinally disposed cylinder cavity 102;
In casting space, plug reinforcing bar and casting concrete forms column structure 101, frame column 10 is located at setting Position;
Vierendeel girder 20 is erected on the top of column structure 101, and the end of Vierendeel girder 20 and the top of frame column 10 enclose Being formed and connect node, this connection node is positioned at the top of cylinder cavity 102;
Casting concrete at cylinder cavity 102 and connection node, connects Vierendeel girder 20 and framework by xoncrete structure Post 10.
It is preferred that plug beam steel 201 in Vierendeel girder 20, and beam steel 201 stretches out the two ends formation anchor of Vierendeel girder 20 Fixed end, this anchored end is positioned at connection node, and is placed in above the cylinder cavity 102 in the frame column 10 of correspondence, empty in cylinder Module is installed so that the anchored end of joist steel frame 201 is positioned at template, in cylinder cavity 102 at connection node above chamber 102 Interval plugs post reinforcing bar, then to template and cylinder cavity 102 casting concrete, anchors beam steel 201 by xoncrete structure Anchored end, thus Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10 are connected fixing.
As shown in Figure 7 to 9, illustrate as a example by 3D printing and making frame column 10, use 3D printing technique to make frame Trestle 10 includes:
A, employing 3D printing technique make the shape adaptation ground floor masonry 1031 in described frame column 10 to pre-buried absolute altitude Place;
B, arranging stirrup 105 in the top of ground floor masonry 1031, the shape adaptation of stirrup 105 is in frame column 10, i.e. frame Trestle 10 is T-shaped, and this stirrup 105 is also T-shaped, and frame column 10 is L-type, and this stirrup 105 is also L-type, and frame column 10 is flat type, This stirrup 105 is also flat type;
C, employing 3D printing technique make second layer masonry 1032 in the top of ground floor masonry 1031;
D, repeat step b, c, second layer masonry 1032 arranges stirrup 105, on second layer masonry 1032, makes the Three layers of masonry, repeat to arrange stirrup, make masonry with this, until the designed elevation of frame column 10, complete described frame column and make.
As shown in Figure 6, Vierendeel girder 20 uses vertical printing type, and its 3D printing and making method is identical with frame column 10, system The shape of the shape adaptation Vierendeel girder 20 made, does not repeats them here.Vierendeel girder 20 includes the beam adapting to Vierendeel girder shape Housing 202 and the supporting construction 203 being located in beam housing 202, beam housing 202 includes the first shell face and the second shell being oppositely arranged Face and be located at the first shell face and the sealing surface of second one end, shell face, the cross section of beam housing 202 is U-shaped, supporting construction 203 Prop up and be located between the first shell face and the second shell face, beam housing 202 is separated to form beam body cavity 204 and U-type groove 205, this U-type groove 205 bottoms being located at Vierendeel girder 20.Printing after forming Vierendeel girder 20, the beam body cavity 204 at Vierendeel girder 20 is inserted into beam steel 201 and fill self-compacting concrete, form reinforced concrete structure.When after the concrete setting in beam body cavity 204, by Vierendeel girder Bottom 20, U-type groove 205 is arranged upward, place beam steel 201 in U-type groove 205, casting concrete in U-type groove 205, formed Reinforced concrete structure.Concrete has been poured so that the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20 is coagulation in the bottom U-type groove 205 of Vierendeel girder 20 Soil structure, this xoncrete structure can stress common with beam steel and deformation, it is to avoid Vierendeel girder 20 occurs splitting in loading process Seam, because if the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20 is also adopted by 3D and prints, when Vierendeel girder 20 deforms, the shell of the Vierendeel girder 20 that 3D prints Can because of print every layer of masonry between cohesive force difference and by drawing crack.The bottom using 3D to print Vierendeel girder 20 is set to U-type groove, Casting concrete in U-type groove, the crack problem caused because the seam crossing cohesive force of printed material is not enough with solution framework beam. Separately, prior to beam body sky intra-bladder instillation self-compacting concrete, after in U-type groove the benefit of casting concrete be, when pouring U-type groove, Only the bottom-up of Vierendeel girder need to be turned, it is not necessary to template is additionally set, be also convenient for interspersed reinforcing bar at the bottom of beam, have The advantage of easy construction.
As shown in Figures 3 to 5, as a better embodiment of the present invention, the diagonal brace that has been internally formed of frame column 10 is tied Structure 104, will be separated to form multiple cylinder cavity 102 by inclined support structure 104 in frame column 10.Inclined support structure 104 and frame column Angle at 45 ° between the post housing 103 of 10, defines the frame column 10 of truss structure by inclined support structure 104.Frame column 10 Structure is various shape, can be T-shaped, L-type and flat type, to be applicable to the sidepiece of building body, corner and centre etc. Position.
As in figure 2 it is shown, as a better embodiment of the present invention, set the first connection at the top of column structure 101 Steel plate 107, in the bottom of Vierendeel girder 20, corresponding first junction steel plate 107 sets the second junction steel plate 207, is erected on by Vierendeel girder 20 During the top of column structure 101 so that the second junction steel plate 207 is located on the first junction steel plate 107, by the first junction steel plate 107 and second junction steel plate 207 be welded and fixed.Increase the bonding strength between Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10.
Vierendeel girder 20 and frame column 10 being enclosed after being stitched together, define frame structure, this frame structure includes many Individual enclosed the vertical direction spatial formed and horizontal space by beam and column;Use 3D printing technique to make and fill wall, wall lifting will be filled At vertical direction spatial;Use 3D printing technique to make truss cassette ceiling, truss cassette ceiling is lifted on described horizontal space Place, just completes the assembly of building body.When wall is filled in assembling, reserve deformation gap in filling between wall and Vierendeel girder, complete Cheng Houzai pea gravel concreten fills this gap, it is to avoid the load after beam deformation passes to fill on wall, impacts filling wall. During the assembling of truss cassette ceiling, it is erected on Vierendeel girder, the overlapping layers at the top of Vierendeel girder with truss cassette ceiling is cast in Together, an entirety is formed.
Having the beneficial effect that of the construction method of the assembled Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that the present invention prints based on 3D
Use 3D printing technique to make Vierendeel girder and frame column, give full play to the advantage of 3D printing technique, make entire building exist Being no longer necessary to template in work progress, will not produce building waste, the component such as beam, post, floor, filling wall all can use 3D to print Technology is prefabricated in the factory, and scene carries out assembly, maximum reduction is artificial, save material, environmental protection, the construction period feature such as rapidly. Present invention achieves construction overall process zero rubbish, zero template and zero scaffold, be truly realized environmental protection.Frame column uses purlin Built on stilts core structure so that frame column from heavy and light, convenient transport and lifting, the end of frame column is provided with the concrete column that intensity is big Body structure, for strengthening the structural strength of frame column, the most also provides for Vierendeel girder and supports.In the hollow-core construction of frame column follow-up Pour concrete, and formed firm attachment structure with Vierendeel girder, it is ensured that while the structural strength of frame column, also improved Bonding strength between frame column and Vierendeel girder.
Being described in detail the present invention above in association with accompanying drawing embodiment, those skilled in the art can be according to upper State and bright the present invention is made many variations example.Thus, some details in embodiment should not constitute limitation of the invention, this Invent the scope that defines using appended claims as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the manufacture method of the assembling frame post printed based on 3D, it is characterised in that including: a, employing 3D printing technique Make shape adaptation at one layer of masonry extremely pre-buried absolute altitude of frame column;
B, arranging stirrup in the top of this layer of masonry, the shape adaptation of described stirrup is in described frame column;C, employing 3D print skill Art makes one layer of masonry again in the top of this layer of masonry;
D, repetition step b, c, to the designed elevation of described frame column, complete the making of described frame column;
In the longitudinally disposed casting space that described frame column end is formed, plug reinforcing bar and casting concrete forms cylinder Structure.
2. the manufacture method of the assembling frame post printed based on 3D as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described framework Post be internally formed inclined support structure, described cylinder cavity will be separated in described frame column by described inclined support structure.
3. the manufacture method of the assembling frame post printed based on 3D as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described framework Being shaped as of post is T-shaped, L-type or flat type.
4. the manufacture method of the assembling frame post printed based on 3D as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that be also included in The first junction steel plate is set at the top of described column structure.
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CN106088330B (en) 2019-03-29
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CN106193286B (en) 2018-05-08
CN106193282A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106088326B (en) 2018-06-19
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CN104532953A (en) 2015-04-22
CN104532953B (en) 2017-01-11
CN106193286A (en) 2016-12-07

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