CN106084653B - A kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material - Google Patents

A kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106084653B
CN106084653B CN201610401799.4A CN201610401799A CN106084653B CN 106084653 B CN106084653 B CN 106084653B CN 201610401799 A CN201610401799 A CN 201610401799A CN 106084653 B CN106084653 B CN 106084653B
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frame
composite
pedestal
panel
raft frame
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CN106084653A (en
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康逢辉
杨瑞瑞
吴医博
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725th Research Institute of CSIC
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725th Research Institute of CSIC
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K13/00Use of mixtures of ingredients not covered by one single of the preceding main groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C08K13/04Ingredients characterised by their shape and organic or inorganic ingredients
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B17/00Vessels parts, details, or accessories, not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/34Silicon-containing compounds
    • C08K3/36Silica
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K7/00Use of ingredients characterised by shape
    • C08K7/02Fibres or whiskers
    • C08K7/04Fibres or whiskers inorganic
    • C08K7/06Elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K7/00Use of ingredients characterised by shape
    • C08K7/02Fibres or whiskers
    • C08K7/04Fibres or whiskers inorganic
    • C08K7/14Glass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J163/00Adhesives based on epoxy resins; Adhesives based on derivatives of epoxy resins

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material, comprises the following steps:Step 1: the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION of raft frame or pedestal;Step 2: the shaping of composite material partitioned organization, the demoulding;Step 3: piecemeal molding structure machines;Step 4: partitioned organization pre-assembled;Step 5: bonding plane roughening is handled;Step 6: partitioned organization is bonded;Step 7: the filling of bonding transition region and bonding pad reinforcement formable layer;Step 8: processing perforate and surfacing.It is provided by the invention to prepare that composite material raft frame or base size precision that the method for frame-type raft frame or pedestal prepared using the invention are high, intensity is high, rigidity is high, light-weight, fatigue performance is good, damping capacity is good, effectiveness in vibration suppression is obvious using composite material.

Description

A kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of composite materials, and in particular to one kind prepares frame-type raft frame or base using composite material The method of seat.
Background technology
Mechanical noise is one of three big noise source of naval vessel, and due to the mechanical equipment huge number on ship, it is each to be distributed in full ship A cabin, and mechanical noise is the Main Noise Sources of submarine concealment running working condition.Therefore, control machinery noise is vibration damping drop Make an uproar one of main contents of work.Control machinery noise mainly has by control device vibration level and using vibration isolation technique at present Both sides measure.Since control low noise equipment potential is limited, it can not meet warship stealth requirement, therefore pipeline shakes Dynamic control is then most important, and how the development experience of vibration isolation technique single-layer partiting polarization, double-layer vibration isolating, buoyant raft vibration isolation, further carry The vibration isolating effect of high Floating Raft System is to realize one of key technology of Control of Mechanical Noise.China's naval vessels raft frame or pedestal are equal at present Prepared using metal material, but metal structure weight weight, vibration damping limited potential, the loss of weight and follow-up vibration damping for being unfavorable for naval vessels are set Meter.Relative to metal raft frame or pedestal, composite material raft frame or pedestal are light-weight, specific stiffness is high, damping capacity is good, designability By force, shock resistance is strong, has and preferably subtracts vibration isolating effect.Therefore, composite material raft frame is introduced in large-scale Floating Raft System design And base construction is one of most effective approach for realizing efficient vibration isolation and loss of weight design.Composite material raft frame or pedestal precision prescribed Height, intensity is high, and rigidity is high, has good shock resistance and subtracts vibration isolating effect, the current country has no frame-type composite material Raft frame or the molding related report of pedestal.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of side that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material Method, the composite material raft frame prepared using the invention or base size precision are high, intensity is high, rigidity is high, light-weight, fatigue durability Energy is good, damping capacity is good, effectiveness in vibration suppression is obvious.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material, Comprise the following steps:
Step 1: the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION of raft frame or pedestal
STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION is carried out according to the overall structure form of raft frame or pedestal, is decomposed into top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal rib Four part of plate, wherein, transverse and longitudinal floor includes multiple horizontal gussets and longitudinal gusset, between top panel and transverse and longitudinal floor and below Connection mode between plate and transverse and longitudinal floor is "T"-shaped grafting, and the connection mode between horizontal gusset and longitudinal gusset is " ten " shape grafting, finally obtains decomposing scheme, and decomposing scheme includes the quantity and ruler of top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor It is very little;
Step 2: the shaping of composite material partitioned organization, the demoulding
The decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 makes the mould to match, and enterprising in corresponding mould using composite material Each partitioned organization shaping of row, is demoulded after curing, obtains each piecemeal molding structure, spare;
Step 3: piecemeal molding structure machines
Each piecemeal molding structure demoulded in step 2 is machined out, the decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 is each Locating and machining groove or groove is cross-linked on piecemeal molding structure, lower panel machine-shaping fabrication hole, the piecemeal after must processing Structure, it is spare;
Step 4: partitioned organization pre-assembled
Partitioned organization after the processing obtained to step 3 carries out pre-assembled according to the structure of raft frame or pedestal;
Step 5: bonding plane roughening is handled
To treating that bonding plane carries out grinding process after pre-assembled in step 4, then cleaned out using acetone;
Step 6: partitioned organization is bonded
Preassembly sequence in step 4 is bonded, in partitioned organization bonding plane coating adhesive, first to lower panel Cemented in place is carried out with transverse and longitudinal floor, is then bonded top panel;
Step 7: the filling of bonding transition region and bonding pad reinforcement formable layer
After the completion of being bonded in step 6, mixed and matched somebody with somebody with aerosil using epoxy construction adhesive or basis material The putty put carries out transition processing to adhesion zone right angle, then carries out reinforcement formable layer, room to bonding each junction Temperature placement 24 cures when small;
Step 8: processing perforate and surfacing
Raft frame or pedestal that step 7 obtains are needed into progress perforate according to installation, and top panel and lower panel are put down Face degree processing, makes upper and lower surface horizontal;Then carry out entirety to surface to polish smooth, and brushing basis material, basis material are solid The preparation of frame-type raft frame or pedestal is completed after change.
It is described as a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention Frame-type composite material be made of the cured dose of curing of reinforcing material and reisn base material, reinforcing material for glass fibre or Carbon fiber, reisn base material are unsaturated polyester resin, vinylite or epoxy resin.
It is described as a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention Reisn base material be unsaturated polyester resin or vinylite, curing agent is methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, cyclohexanone peroxide, One kind or any mixture in cumyl peroxide, benzoyl peroxide.
It is described as a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention Reisn base material be epoxy resin, curing agent is diamine, in diethylenetriamine, triethylene tetramine, polyethylene polyamine A kind of or any mixture.
As a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention, step Composite material partitioned organization forming method described in two is vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, die press technology for forming or resin Any of Transfer molding technique.
As a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention, step Assemble sequence in four is from top to bottom:Lower panel and in length and breadth floor, top panel and floor in length and breadth.
As a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention, step Adhesive described in six is room-temperature curing epoxy structural adhesive.
As a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention, step Transition region filling section described in seven is isosceles right triangle or arc-shaped.
As a kind of further optimization of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material of the present invention, step Bonding pad reinforcement formable layer described in seven uses manual pasting forming process or vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, bonding pad reinforcement Layer, as enhancement layer, using epoxy resin as base layer, and is also added with using carbon fiber or glass fibre in epoxy resin The aerosil of its weight 0.5%-3%.
Compared with prior art, the present invention at least tool has the advantage that and beneficial effect:
1st, the frame-type raft frame or pedestal precision that are prepared using forwarding method of the present invention are high, intensity is high, light-weight, fatigue durability Energy is good, damping capacity is good, has and significantly subtracts vibration isolating effect.Composite structure specific stiffness is high, damping capacity is good, designability By force, shock resistance is strong, it is obvious to subtract vibration isolating effect.The composite material frame formula raft frame or pedestal prepared using the present invention, is solved High accuracy, the high quality formation problems of frame-type composite material raft frame or pedestal, be pushed further into composite material raft frame or The naval vessels application of pedestal.
2nd, using each structure of partitioned mode forming composite, the Forming Quality of each structure of composite material is improved.
3rd, composite material partitioned organization of the present invention positioning and assembling use inserting mode, improve composite material raft frame or The formed precision of pedestal.
4th, bonding pad of the present invention improves intensity, the anti-fatigue performance of composite material raft frame or pedestal by thickening reinforcement And impact strength, while improve composite material raft frame or pedestal subtracts vibration isolating effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of raft frame of the present invention or pedestal;
Fig. 2 is the shaping flow diagram of raft frame of the present invention or pedestal;
Fig. 3 is the installation process schematic diagram of T-shape of the present invention connection;
Fig. 4 is the installation process schematic diagram of " ten " type connection of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the front view of raft frame of the present invention or pedestal;
Fig. 6 is the sectional elevation of raft frame of the present invention or pedestal;
Fig. 7 is sectional view of the present invention along A-A directions;
Fig. 8 is sectional view of the present invention along B-B directions;
Reference numeral:1st, top panel, 2, lower panel, 3, transverse and longitudinal floor.
Embodiment
To become apparent present disclosure, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be described in detail.
A kind of method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material, is comprised the following steps:
Step 1: the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION of raft frame or pedestal
STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION is carried out according to the overall structure form of raft frame or pedestal, is decomposed into top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal rib Four part of plate, wherein, transverse and longitudinal floor includes multiple horizontal gussets and longitudinal gusset, between top panel and transverse and longitudinal floor and below Connection mode between plate and transverse and longitudinal floor is "T"-shaped grafting, and the connection mode between horizontal gusset and longitudinal gusset is " ten " shape grafting, finally obtains decomposing scheme, and decomposing scheme includes the number and ruler of top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor It is very little;
Step 2: the shaping of composite material partitioned organization, the demoulding
The decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 makes the mould to match, and enterprising in corresponding mould using composite material Each partitioned organization shaping of row, forming method is vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, die press technology for forming or resin transmit mould Any of moulding process is moulded, damping layer material is also added with when composite material partitioned organization is molded to improve composite material raft The damping capacity of frame, is demoulded after curing, obtains each piecemeal molding structure, spare;
Step 3: piecemeal molding structure machines
Each piecemeal molding structure demoulded in step 2 is machined out, the decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 is each Locating and machining groove or link slot on piecemeal molding structure, lower panel machine-shaping fabrication hole, the partitioned organization after must processing, It is spare;
Step 4: partitioned organization pre-assembled
Partitioned organization after the processing obtained to step 3 carries out pre-assembled, assemble sequence according to the structure of raft frame or pedestal For from top to bottom:Lower panel and in length and breadth floor, top panel and floor in length and breadth;
Step 5: bonding plane roughening is handled
To treating that bonding plane carries out grinding process after pre-assembled in step 4, then cleaned out using acetone;
Step 6: partitioned organization is bonded
Preassembly sequence in step 4 is bonded, and in partitioned organization bonding plane coating adhesive, adhesive is room Warm cured epoxy sqtructural adhesive, uses the scraping blade of one fixed width(Scraping blade width is advisable with being slightly less than groove width)In composite panel Gluing of surfaces gluing, wherein in raft frame panel slot three faces should all uniform gluing, it is fixed first lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor be bonded Position, then carries out cemented in place to lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor, is then bonded top panel;
Step 7: the filling of bonding transition region and bonding pad reinforcement formable layer
After the completion of being bonded in step 6, mixed and matched somebody with somebody with aerosil using epoxy construction adhesive or basis material The putty put carries out adhesion zone right angle transition processing, and transition region filling section is isosceles right triangle or arc-shaped, so Carry out reinforcement formable layer to bonding each junction afterwards, room temperature place 24 it is small when cure, reinforcement formable layer using hand paste into Type technique or vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, bonding pad strengthening course using carbon fiber or glass fibre as enhancement layer, Using epoxy resin as base layer, and its weight 0.5%-3% is also added with epoxy resin sagging epoxy resin in order to prevent Aerosil;
Step 8: processing perforate and surfacing
Raft frame or pedestal that step 7 obtains are needed into progress perforate according to installation, and top panel and lower panel are put down Face degree processing, makes upper and lower surface horizontal;Then carry out entirety to surface to polish smooth, and brushing basis material, basis material are solid The preparation of frame-type raft frame or pedestal is completed after change.
Frame-type composite material of the present invention is made of the cured dose of curing of reinforcing material and reisn base material, increases Strong material is glass fibre or carbon fiber, and reisn base material is unsaturated polyester resin, vinylite or epoxy resin.When When reisn base material is unsaturated polyester resin or vinylite, curing agent for methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, cyclohexanone peroxide, One kind or any mixture in cumyl peroxide, benzoyl peroxide.When reisn base material is epoxy resin, cure Agent is diamine, diethylenetriamine, triethylene tetramine, one kind or any mixture in polyethylene polyamine.
As preferrred embodiment of the present invention, the carbon fiber that is used as reinforcing material and bonding pad strengthening course army and Glass fibre, its weaving manner can be in plain weave, twill weave, satin weave, unidirectional braiding, the polyaxial braiding of multilayer One or more.The reisn base material is unsaturated polyester resin or vinylite, and curing agent is peroxidating first One or more in ethyl ketone, cyclohexanone peroxide, cumyl peroxide, benzoyl peroxide, and the additive amount of curing agent For the 1-5% of the weight of basis material.The basis material is epoxy resin, and curing agent is diamine, diethylenetriamine, three One or more in ethene tetramine, polyethylene polyamine, and the additive amount of curing agent is the 20-100% of the weight of basis material.
Bonding pad strengthening course reinforcing material glass fibre or carbon fibre fabric minimum widith are more than or equal to 30mm in the present invention, Then 5mm-15mm is successively increased, fabric maximum width must be less than between upper and lower panel highly or bonding pad is away from structural edge width 2 Minimum value again, reinforcement layer thickness is 3mm-5mm.
The present invention is directed to frame-type composite material raft frame or base construction form, and analysis decomposition, its point are carried out to its structure It is as follows to solve principle:(1)Partitioned organization is as far as possible few, to reduce connection quantity, improves the security of composite material raft frame or pedestal; (2)Each composite structure decomposed should be easy to shaping, to improve composite material Forming Quality.
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to following embodiments;But following embodiments are only illustration, this hair It is bright to be not limited to these embodiments.
Step 1: the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION of raft frame or pedestal
Decomposed according to the overall structure form of raft frame or pedestal, be decomposed into top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor, its In, transverse and longitudinal floor includes multiple horizontal gussets and longitudinal gusset, between top panel and transverse and longitudinal floor and lower panel and transverse and longitudinal rib Connection mode between plate is "T"-shaped grafting, and the connection mode between horizontal gusset and longitudinal gusset is " ten " shape grafting, Decomposing scheme is finally obtained, decomposing scheme includes the number and size of top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor;
By taking the frame of composite material raft shown in Fig. 5-8 as an example, length 2500mm, width 2200mm, total height 240mm, cross rib Plate 7, longitudinal floor 5.
Each panel forming size of table 1
Step 2: the shaping of composite material partitioned organization, the demoulding
The decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 makes the mould to match, and the shaping of each piecemeal, base are carried out using mould Body material and curing agent are molded, and forming method is vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, die press technology for forming or resin Any of Transfer molding technique, it is also compound to improve added with damping layer material when composite material partitioned organization is molded The damping capacity of material raft frame, is demoulded after curing, obtains each piecemeal molding structure, spare;
Fabric is using biaxially fabric E-LT450.According to molding plate size carry out respective fiber fabric and The cutting of damping layer.The fabric cut is put into baking oven and carries out drying and processing, drying temperature is 100 DEG C ± 2 DEG C, is dried The dry time is 120 ± 5min.
Resin is cured as RIMH137, matching as 100 using the epoxy resin RIM135 of Germany Han Sen companies:30.
The present embodiment panel construction uses vacuum assistant resin infused, and fabric and damping layer are carried out according to Lay up design Be plated in, be plated in mode and orthogonal be plated in for 0 °/90 °.Release cloth, flow-guiding cloth, injected rubber hose and true are carried out according to vacuum assisted process The laying of blank pipe, vacuum sealing is carried out using double-ply bag film.The leakproofness of two layers of vacuum bag film is checked respectively.Start true Sky pump vacuumizes the preform of fabric, and as pressure≤- 0.095MPa of bag film, pressurize 10min, pressure, which reduces, to be no more than During 0.01MPa.Start vacuum pump, start as vacuum≤- 0.095MPa irrigate resin, when resin complete wetting fabric in advance into After continuing injecting glue 25min after type body, injected rubber hose is closed with locking pliers.
Step 3: piecemeal molding structure machines
Each piecemeal molding structure demoulded in step 2 is machined out, the decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 is each Locating and machining groove or staggeredly groove, the partitioned organization after must processing are spare on piecemeal molding structure;
Step 4: partitioned organization pre-assembled
Partitioned organization after the processing obtained to step 3 carries out pre-assembled, assemble sequence according to the structure of raft frame or pedestal For from top to bottom:Lower panel and longitudinal gusset, longitudinal gusset and horizontal gusset, top panel and floor in length and breadth;
Step 5: bonding plane roughening is handled
To treating that bonding plane carries out grinding process after pre-assembled in step 4, then cleaned out using acetone;
Step 6: partitioned organization is bonded
Preassembly sequence in step 4 is bonded, and in partitioned organization bonding plane coating adhesive, adhesive is room Warm cured epoxy sqtructural adhesive, uses the scraping blade of one fixed width(Scraping blade width is advisable with being slightly less than groove width)In composite panel Gluing of surfaces gluing, wherein in raft frame panel slot three faces should all uniform gluing, it is fixed first lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor be bonded Position, then carries out cemented in place to lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor, is then bonded top panel;
Step 7: the filling of bonding transition region and bonding pad reinforcement formable layer
After the completion of being bonded in step 6, mixed and matched somebody with somebody with aerosil using epoxy construction adhesive or basis material The putty put carries out adhesion zone right angle transition processing, and transition region filling section is isosceles right triangle or arc-shaped, so Carry out reinforcement formable layer to bonding each junction afterwards, room temperature place 24 it is small when cure, reinforcement formable layer using hand paste into Type technique or vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, bonding pad strengthening course using carbon fiber or glass fibre as enhancement layer, Using epoxy resin as base layer, and its weight 0.5%-3% is also added with epoxy resin sagging epoxy resin in order to prevent Aerosil;Configuration ontology putty, resin use RIM135 and RIMH137, ratio 100:30, filler is gas phase two Silica, putty are preferred with not trickling.After stirring evenly bonding cure after junction filling the section length of side be 10mm etc. Waist right angled triangle transition region.
Reinforcing material uses high-strength satin weave glass fibre SW220B-90C, the length direction of fabric and the length phase of junction Together, width is cut according to table 1, and every 15 layers are 1 group.After the completion of fabric cutting in 100 ± 5 DEG C of baking oven at drying 120 ± 10min is managed, seals fabric vacuum bag film after drying process.Using manual pasting forming process, will cut out successively Glass fibre is placed on joint, and side glue-application-edge makes fiber be close to joint with scraper plate, ensures no starved, shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally, bubble is existing As.By the fabric width distribution sequence of table, short fabric is cut in lower floor, it is then incremented by successively, make gentle transition at laying. During laying, ensure that interlayer sticks closely, surfacing, does not have convex-concave fluctuation, after completing laying, then to overall progress Appropriate finishing.
2 connector reinforcing material width distribution table of table
Step 8: processing perforate and surfacing
Raft frame or pedestal that step 7 obtains are needed into progress perforate according to installation, and top panel and lower panel are put down Face degree processing, makes upper and lower surface horizontal;Then carry out entirety to surface to polish smooth, and brushing basis material, basis material are solid The preparation of naval vessels raft frame or pedestal is completed after change.
The raft frame of the present embodiment is tested after shaping, situation is as follows:
The size progress of composite material raft frame or pedestal is shown in Table 3.
3 composite material raft frame dimensional accuracy of table

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    Step 1: the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION of raft frame or pedestal
    STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION is carried out according to the overall structure form of raft frame or pedestal, is decomposed into top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor altogether Four parts, wherein, transverse and longitudinal floor includes multiple horizontal gussets and longitudinal gusset, between top panel and transverse and longitudinal floor and lower panel Connection mode between transverse and longitudinal floor is "T"-shaped grafting, and the connection mode between horizontal gusset and longitudinal gusset is " ten " Shape grafting, finally obtains decomposing scheme, and decomposing scheme includes the quantity and size of top panel, lower panel and transverse and longitudinal floor;
    Step 2: the shaping of composite material partitioned organization, the demoulding
    The decomposing scheme obtained according to step 1 makes the mould to match, and is carried out using composite material on corresponding mould respectively Partitioned organization is molded, and is demoulded after curing, obtains each piecemeal molding structure, spare;
    Step 3: piecemeal molding structure machines
    Each piecemeal molding structure demoulded in step 2 is machined out, according to the decomposing scheme that step 1 obtains in each piecemeal Locating and machining groove or groove is cross-linked on molding structure, lower panel machine-shaping fabrication hole, the partitioned organization after must processing, It is spare;
    Step 4: partitioned organization pre-assembled
    Partitioned organization after the processing obtained to step 3 carries out pre-assembled according to the structure of raft frame or pedestal;
    Step 5: bonding plane roughening is handled
    To treating that bonding plane carries out grinding process after pre-assembled in step 4, then cleaned out using acetone;
    Step 6: partitioned organization is bonded
    Preassembly sequence in step 4 is bonded, in partitioned organization bonding plane coating adhesive, first to lower panel and horizontal stroke Longitudinal rib plate carries out cemented in place, is then bonded top panel;
    Step 7: the filling of bonding transition region and bonding pad reinforcement formable layer
    After the completion of being bonded in step 6, using epoxy construction adhesive or basis material and aerosil mixed configuration Putty carries out transition processing to adhesion zone right angle, then carries out reinforcement formable layer to bonding each junction, and room temperature is put Put 24 it is small when cure;
    Step 8: processing perforate and surfacing
    Raft frame or pedestal that step 7 obtains are needed into progress perforate according to installation, and flatness is carried out to top panel and lower panel Processing, makes upper and lower surface horizontal;Then entirety is carried out to surface to polish smooth, and brushing basis material, after basis material cures Complete the preparation of frame-type raft frame or pedestal.
  2. A kind of 2. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: The composite material is made of the cured dose of curing of reinforcing material and reisn base material, and reinforcing material is fine for glass fibre or carbon Dimension, reisn base material is unsaturated polyester resin, vinylite or epoxy resin.
  3. A kind of 3. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: The reisn base material is unsaturated polyester resin or vinylite, and curing agent is methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, peroxidating ring One kind or any mixture in hexanone, cumyl peroxide, benzoyl peroxide.
  4. A kind of 4. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: The reisn base material is epoxy resin, and curing agent is diamine, diethylenetriamine, triethylene tetramine, polyethylene polyamine In one kind or any mixture.
  5. A kind of 5. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Composite material partitioned organization forming method is vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, die press technology for forming or resin in step 2 Any of Transfer molding technique.
  6. A kind of 6. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Assemble sequence in step 4 is from top to bottom:Lower panel and in length and breadth floor, top panel and floor in length and breadth.
  7. A kind of 7. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Adhesive described in step 6 is room-temperature curing epoxy structural adhesive.
  8. A kind of 8. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: In step 7 during transition processing, transition region filling section is isosceles right triangle or arc-shaped.
  9. A kind of 9. method that frame-type raft frame or pedestal are prepared using composite material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Bonding pad reinforcement formable layer described in step 7 uses manual pasting forming process or vacuum assisted resin injection moulding process, bonding pad Strengthening course, as enhancement layer, using epoxy resin as base layer, and is also added using carbon fiber or glass fibre in epoxy resin Added with the aerosil of its weight 0.5%-3%.
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