CN106081473A - A kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106081473A
CN106081473A CN201610619130.2A CN201610619130A CN106081473A CN 106081473 A CN106081473 A CN 106081473A CN 201610619130 A CN201610619130 A CN 201610619130A CN 106081473 A CN106081473 A CN 106081473A
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Prior art keywords
groove
intravenous needle
fin
guide plate
intravenous
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CN201610619130.2A
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CN106081473B (en
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梁启明
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梁启明
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Priority to CN201610619130.2A priority Critical patent/CN106081473B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G11/00Chutes
    • B65G11/02Chutes of straight form
    • B65G11/023Chutes of straight form for articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G11/00Chutes
    • B65G11/20Auxiliary devices, e.g. for deflecting, controlling speed of, or agitating articles or solids
    • B65G11/203Auxiliary devices, e.g. for deflecting, controlling speed of, or agitating articles or solids for articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism, including the needle handle mainboard for carrying intravenous needle fin, for promoting the pushing material component of intravenous needle fin, for the feeding seat of rotary steering conveying intravenous needle fin, for the guider of conveying intravenous needle fin downwards and for receiving by carrying the intravenous needle tool got off in guider;The intravenous needle fin being transported on this needle handle mainboard bottom along needle handle mainboard can be pushed in feeding seat by described pushing material component, is fed downwardly in intravenous needle tool by guider by the intravenous needle fin in feeding seat the most again.The present invention can effectively ensure that intravenous needle fin carries neat, accurate, be efficiently completed;And needle handle mainboard and the inclined shape of groove I thereof are arranged, and feeding seat can carry out rotary steering manipulation, it is achieved effectively shorten the stroke distances of conveying intravenous needle fin and reduce the size taken up space required for the entirety of this intravenous needle fin blanking device.

Description

A kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of intravenous needle fin assembly equipment in the middle of medical apparatus and instruments, particularly relate to a kind of intravenous needle Fin feed mechanism.
Background technology
Along with the raising of social life level, infuse and be more widely used in clinical disease as a kind of important treatment modality In example.Transfusion is to be inputted internal heavy dose (single administration is at more than 100ml) injection, infusion process by intravenous drip In by transfusion device adjust injection drop speed, continue and stably enter vein, with supplementary body fluid, electrolyte or provide nutrient Matter.
In medical transfusion industry, disposable transfusion device, due to advantage easy to use and safety and sanitation, has obtained wide General application.Being made without sterilization during transfusion, user has only to take packaging apart and transfusion device and intravenous needle is linked together i.e. Can.But, unclean transfusion device not only can make the drug effect of medicine weaken, and more likely causes cross infection, compromises disease greatly The health of people.Can be seen that, it is ensured that the clean tool of transfusion device has very important significance.
Intravenous needle (also known as moulding pin) is the important component part of transfusion device, is used for piercing through patient's vein, and is imported by medicinal liquid Intravenous.Existing intravenous needle includes needle stand, draw point and single blade.Such as, the Chinese patent [patent No. ZL200820018844.9;Authorization Notice No. CN201164629Y] disclosed in a kind of intravenous needle, there is needle body, needle body front end is Pinpoint inclined plane, needle rear end side arranges needle handle, and during in pinpoint inclined plane direction upward, needle handle is positioned at the left side of needle rear end.
In prior art, the needle handle of intravenous needle can also use dual vane type, such as, the Chinese patent [patent No. ZL200520086804.4;Authorization Notice No. CN2829755Y] disclosed in single use safety intravenous needle, including needle stand, Needle point, blade and needle guard, this blade is positioned at needle stand both sides.
In order to ensure not to be contaminated, (present invention refers in particular to for assembling or assemble intravenous needle fin medical apparatus and instruments Device or equipment) assembling try not manual participation, manual disadvantage is easily to adhere to pathogenic bacteria, causes Product hygienic requirements is defective;The most manual assembling speed is relatively low.Medical apparatus and instruments kludge have employed automatization's control Mode processed is assembled automatically, will not polluted product, the sanitary index of product can be made to meet national standard, there is higher practicality It is worth.
Medical apparatus and instruments is generally made up of multiple parts, and some parts is to need to install according to a certain direction , it is impossible to deviation occurs, to ensure that the medical apparatus and instruments being completed meets the requirements.But, for parts are carried out feed and The mechanism of transmission usually not arranges the adjusted device of parts, even if some is provided with adjusted device there is also individual parts Towards incorrect phenomenon.If will result in product according to this and do not reach the requirement of setting towards carrying out assembling, cause product Scrap.
Such as, Chinese patent [patent No. ZL200720113479.5, Authorization Notice No. CN201076644Y] discloses one Plant the kludge of plastic needle component for medical purpose, it solve existing pin of moulding and all use manual mode to assemble, this assembling Mode inefficiency, easily makes the contaminated problem of plastic needle component.Including one and the joining rotating shaft of motor shaft, in rotating shaft A fixed rotating disk that can rotate with rotating shaft, is evenly distributed with several for the folder fixing workpiece on rotating disk Tool, described rotating disk be provided around three kinds of feed appliances, i.e. mould pin feed appliance, filter cap feed appliance and sheath feed appliance.
Obviously, this device is also undisclosed about the structure adjusting parts installation direction.It is of the prior art that to mould pin usual Use two rail bar transmission be arrangeding in parallel, although mould in the middle part of pin two catch and be able to ensure that moulding pin is transmitted vertically, but It is that the side pipe moulding pin is difficult to position, there is side pipe and towards transmission direction or transmit direction two ways dorsad, be easily caused a row Mould in pin (i.e. intravenous needle fin) and also exist towards contrary situation.
Additionally Chinese patent [patent No. ZL200710070560.4, essence publication number CN101152586A] discloses one " packaging technology of plastic needle component for medical purpose and kludge thereof ", it will mould pin, filter cap, sheath are individually positioned in respective feed appliance In, each feed appliance is arranged in each delivery track arranged round rotating disk in an orderly manner after being put in accessory permutation therein On, by filter paper volume be arranged on when filter disc is punched get off time fairly fall in the filter cap being positioned on filter cap delivery track filter disc punching On cutting apparatus.Although, noise during its running smoothness, smooth running, work is low, automaticity is high.But, mould the aerofluxus of pin Mouth position cannot be unified, and causes needing in assembling process to be additionally corrected it, and its packaging efficiency is relatively low.Existing other is moulded Pin (or intravenous needle) assembles and the most all there is similar problem.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, it is an object of the invention to provide one neatly, precisely, the intravenous needle wing efficiently Slice baiting apparatus, and needle handle mainboard and the inclined shape of groove I thereof are arranged, and feeding seat can carry out rotary steering manipulation, Realize effectively shortening the stroke distances of conveying intravenous needle fin and reducing the overall institute of this intravenous needle fin blanking device Need the size taken up space;It is simultaneously directed to device and the conveying of intravenous needle fin can be carried out transfer guiding, and cooperation has Adjacent embedded slot bore equitant intravenous needle tool, it is achieved to accommodating at least 1 times quiet in the intravenous needle tool of equal length Arteries and veins pin fin.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
The present invention provides a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism, including the needle handle mainboard for carrying intravenous needle fin, for pushing away The pushing material component of arteriovenous pin fin, for the feeding seat of rotary steering conveying intravenous needle fin, carry intravenous needle for downwards The guider of fin and for receiving by carrying the intravenous needle tool got off in guider;Described pushing material component can The intravenous needle fin being transported on this needle handle mainboard bottom along needle handle mainboard is pushed in feeding seat, the most again by feeding seat Interior intravenous needle fin is fed downwardly in intravenous needle tool by guider.
As preferably, described needle handle mainboard is provided with a plurality of groove I for carrying intravenous needle fin, on needle handle mainboard And on every groove I bottom, it is provided with the first thimble for intravenous needle fin can be stopped and the second thimble side by side.Described pin (25 ~ 80 °) are arranged in certain angle of inclination for handle mainboard and a plurality of groove I thereof, and by two pieces of gripper shoes bottom needle handle mainboard It is fixed supporting role, is conducive to the intravenous needle fin in a plurality of groove I dropping on needle handle mainboard according to self gravitation Landing downwards or be fed downwardly into needle handle mainboard bottom.
As preferably, every groove I bottom is provided with two through holes for coordinating the first thimble and the second thimble;The One thimble and the second thimble can along corresponding through hole and be perpendicular in groove I axially direction move back and forth up and down, the The spacing of one thimble and the second thimble is the length scale accommodating an intravenous needle fin, is the length of an intravenous needle fin Size;And first thimble when upwards ejecting place groove I, place groove I regained downwards by the second thimble simultaneously;The first thimble to During lower withdrawal place groove I, the second thimble upwards ejects place groove I simultaneously;These first thimbles are mounted side by side on the first top On needle stand, the second thimble is mounted side by side on the second thimble seat, by driving the first thimble seat and the second thimble seat so that this A little first thimbles and the second thimble are perpendicular to carry out in corresponding groove I axially direction the most past along each self-corresponding through hole Multiple mobile;When these first thimbles regain downwards place groove the I, second thimble upwards eject place groove I time, by these first Multiple intravenous needle fins that thimble stops and clamp between the first thimble and the second thimble side by side are the most defeated along groove I Send, or the section of vein pin fin being detained on groove I is by the most defeated along groove I under the impetus of pushing material component Send;Follow-up intravenous needle fin side by side is stopped by these second thimbles;When these first thimbles upwards eject place groove When place groove I regained downwards by ditch the I, second thimble, the follow-up intravenous needle fin side by side stopped by these second thimbles to One intravenous needle finned length distance of lower conveying, will be stopped by these the first thimbles simultaneously;First thimble and the second thimble depend on Secondary move back and forth so that intravenous needle fin carries downwards.
As preferably, being additionally provided with the air blowing cylinder for blowing intravenous needle fin on needle handle mainboard, this air blowing cylinder is fixed on On the top end face of two pieces of gripper shoes, and it is provided with on air blowing cylinder and multiple can be directed at the gas hole of groove I on needle handle mainboard.These Gas hole is interconnected with air blowing cylinder, makes multiple gas hole respectively along groove I axially side in air blowing cylinder after ventilating To and in being directed at respective groove I several intravenous needle fins blow, this structure can be effectively guaranteed intravenous needle fin Along groove I landing or the bottom end that is transported to needle handle mainboard.
As preferably, the upper side (being i.e. positioned at the top of a plurality of groove I) at needle handle mainboard is fitted with one piece for preventing Intravenous needle fin is upwardly away from the transparent baffle opened in needle handle mainboard groove I.
As preferably, described pushing material component includes every the groove I being directed at successively on needle handle mainboard can be along each Groove I moves up and down and a movable gear pin.
Specifically: described pushing material component include top board, push pedal, the gear pin being fixed on push pedal bottom surface, can be along The cylinder I that is perpendicular in groove I axially direction to carry out moving back and forth and can be along groove I axial place bearing of trend On carry out the cylinder II that moves back and forth, top board is fixedly mounted on needle handle mainboard bottom by bearing, cylinder I by cylinder II with Top board connects, and push pedal is connected with cylinder I, and cylinder II is fixed with top board by block and is connected, and piston rod II on cylinder II and Slip sole piece is fixing to be connected, and is installed with two slip fixed blocks, two slider I and cylinder II on this slip sole piece; Wherein: two slider I are connected with roof movement, push pedal is flexibly connected with two slip fixed blocks by two slide blocks II, and gas Piston rod I on cylinder I is fixing with push pedal to be connected;Make push pedal along being perpendicular to groove I under cylinder I and piston rod I thereof act on Move back and forth in axially direction, cylinder I and push pedal under cylinder II and piston rod II thereof act on along the axial institute of groove I Move back and forth in the direction of extension.In this gear pin is the through hole that intercalation is corresponding on push pedal bottom surface, can be according to each The situation of gear pin, extracts gear pin the gear pin more renewed in time.
As preferably, described feeding seat connects and has for driving this feeding seat to carry out the driving means of rotary steering.Tool Body ground: described driving means includes bearing, cartridge housing, gear and tooth bar, wherein: bearing is fixing with feeding seat to be connected, and gear is solid It is scheduled on one end of bearing, and wheel and rack is meshed connection;By driving tooth bar to move back and forth, thus driven gear and bearing Crankmotion so that feeding seat is along with bearing crankmotion simultaneously.Described feeding seat is provided with a plurality of groove II, this The notch of a little grooves II lays respectively on needle handle mainboard on the bearing of trend of groove I;Movable installation on the bottom face of feeding seat There is one piece intravenous needle fin can be blocked in the backgauge slide block in these grooves II.
Groove II one side that feeding seat is provided with also covers conjunction and has one piece of cover plate so that the groove II on feeding seat presents Up and down permeability status, and the backgauge slide block on feeding seat bottom end face can left and right or move back and forth up and down, and sliding at backgauge Block is provided with multiple lobe, when by mobile backgauge slide block to backgauge position so that these lobe can be by feeding seat On the bottom notch of a plurality of groove II shelter from, it is achieved intravenous needle fin is blocked in these grooves II;By mobile When backgauge slide block is to feeding position so that these lobe can be staggered with the bottom notch of a plurality of groove II on feeding seat Open, to realize can being carried downwards along the bottom notch of these grooves II and leaving backgauge slide block by intravenous needle fin.
As preferably, the bottom surface of feeding seat slot ditch II sets the first recessed bar I and the second recessed bar I side by side, wherein: first is recessed The embedded degree of depth is more than the second recessed bar I on the bottom surface of groove II on the bottom surface of groove II for bar I, and first on every groove II is recessed It is additionally provided with raised line I between bar I and the second recessed bar I.The design of this structure makes intravenous needle fin at every groove II of feeding seat The most all present identical fixing downslide or whereabouts attitude and guarantee stably by these intravenous needle fins by backgauge slide block Stopping and rest at the bottom notch of groove II, simultaneously after being removed by backgauge slide block, these are blocked in the bottom of groove II Intravenous needle fin at notch can be with in identical downslide or whereabouts attitude to the whereabouts track of guider.
As preferably, described guider includes the first guide plate and the second guide plate, on the first guide plate medial surface It is provided with a plurality of groove III, on the second guide plate medial surface, is provided with a plurality of groove IV, and by the first guide plate medial surface and After two guide plate medial surface merge mutually so that the groove IV that the groove III on the first guide plate is corresponding with on the second guide plate is harmonious Form multiple whereabouts tracks after and, wherein: the top import of whereabouts track towards its bottom end outlet towards between incline in 0 ~ 90 ° Oblique angle.So make from the intravenous needle fin of track top, whereabouts import entrance during this whereabouts track glide downwards After producing rotation offset 0 ~ 90 °, then skid off from whereabouts track bottom end outlet and enter into embedded slot bore corresponding intravenous needle tool In.
As preferably, being provided with groove V on intravenous needle tool, this groove V is to be interconnected successively by multiple embedded slot bores , and adjacent two embedded slot bores are overlapped.Make adjacent two the intravenous needle wings being embedded in adjacent two embedded slot bores Sheet can be overlapped, it is achieved can store or place the greater number of intravenous needle wing on the intravenous needle tool of equal length Sheet.
As preferably, on described first guide plate, the bottom surface of every groove III is inclined plane III, and every groove III 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle is formed between face, place, top, bottom surface and its face, place, bottom;Every groove IV on described second guide plate Bottom surface be between inclined plane IV, and the face, place, top, bottom surface of every groove IV and its face, place, bottom formation 0 ~ 90 ° incline Oblique angle;After the first guide plate and the second guide plate are merged, the inclined plane III of groove III and corresponding the on the first guide plate A plurality of skewed whereabouts track is formed between the inclined plane IV of groove IV on two guide plates.
As preferably, the second guide plate is provided with in the inclined plane IV of groove IV first recessed bar and the second recessed bar side by side, Wherein: in inclined plane IV, the embedded degree of depth is more than the second recessed bar embedded degree of depth in inclined plane IV, and at every groove for the first recessed bar It is additionally provided with a raised line between the first recessed bar and the second recessed bar on ditch IV;The design of this structure makes intravenous needle fin second All present identical fixing whereabouts attitude in every groove IV of guide plate and each whereabouts track and guarantee steadily These intravenous needle fins are delivered in embedded slot bore corresponding on intravenous needle tool by ground.
As preferably, two whereabouts tracks adjacent on guider are embedding with separately two on intravenous needle tool respectively The corresponding connection of slotted eye.Make adjacent two the intravenous needle fins being embedded in adjacent two embedded slot bores can be overlapped, should Structure design is to realize accommodating the two row's intravenous needle fins being carried downwards whereabouts by guider on an intravenous needle tool, I.e. two row's intravenous needle fins can be arranged in the groove V on intravenous needle tool alternately.
As preferably, described first guide plate is connected with the piston rod III of cylinder III, at cylinder III and piston rod III thereof Under driving effect, the first guide plate moves back and forth along the piston rod III axial stretching direction of cylinder III;Guide first Plate is under the driving effect of cylinder III and piston rod III thereof, and the first guide plate is gradually close to the second guide plate, guides first After plate medial surface and the second guide plate medial surface merge mutually, the groove that the groove III on the first guide plate is corresponding with on the second guide plate Ditch IV defines multiple whereabouts track after merging.
Wherein: cylinder III is fixed on III, cylinder, and III, described cylinder is fixed on base;The design of this structure is for gas Cylinder III is during driving the first guide plate to move back and forth, it is ensured that the steadiness of cylinder III self, thus reaches accurately Control to merge between the first guide plate and the second guide plate or separate is precisely controlled;Second guide plate lateral surface is by two pieces Fagging supports that seats are fixing to be connected respectively with two, and supports at two and be folded with spring base between seat, in two pieces of gripper shoes and the Being folded with spring between two guide plates, the design of this structure is to ensure that the first guide plate is drawn close to the second guide plate and closed And time integral, produce certain buffering effect, it is to avoid excessively rigid collision and the position of the second guide plate is offset Or loosen.
As preferably, two intravenous needle fin feed mechanisms in the present invention are arranged side by side, the most some intravenous needles Tool can enter along multiple whereabouts track discharging opening orientation of two intravenous needle fin feed mechanism bottom guiders Row loopy moving or move back and forth;Due to weight between adjacent two embedded slot bores in the groove V that is provided with on intravenous needle tool The folded a length of half embedded slot bore length in subregion or be the width of half intravenous needle fin, a therefore intravenous needle tool (i.e. one unit length) interior embedded slot bore can accommodate the two row's intravenous needle fins carried by intravenous needle fin feed mechanism, Thus realize an intravenous needle tool by mobile in multiple whereabouts of two intravenous needle fin feed mechanism bottom guiders Track discharging opening orientation, it is possible to receive these two intravenous needle fin feed mechanisms successively and carry the row's vein got off respectively Pin fin, and this two rows intravenous needle fin is interlaced delivers into two rows embedded slot bore separately on this intravenous needle tool In;It is achieved in that the capacity enlargement effect to existing intravenous needle tool, while not increasing equipment and process costs, increases on the contrary Set 1 times of capacity of intravenous needle fin in one unit length intravenous needle tool, be effectively improved affiliated intravenous needle fin The capacity efficiency of assembly equipment.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Due to the fact that and have employed above technical scheme, by pushing material component and the two groups of tops being arranged on needle handle mainboard bottom Pin cooperates work, it is to avoid owing to the factors such as intravenous needle fin dead weight is lighter make many intravenous needle fins rest on Phenomenon in the groove I of needle handle mainboard occurs, effectively ensure the conveying of intravenous needle fin clean and tidy, accurate, be efficiently completed;With Time by inclined for needle handle mainboard shape arrange and feeding seat can rotary steering, also significantly reduce conveying intravenous needle fin Stroke distances and reduce the size of apparatus;Pass through guider simultaneously and be arranged on this guider bottom end outlet The work that cooperates of intravenous needle tool at place, quiet to deliver in this guider in the track of whereabouts through guider Arteries and veins pin fin carries out rotation offset guiding, specifically: the row's intravenous needle entered from track top, the whereabouts import of guider Fin is through producing after rotation offset 0 ~ 90 ° during this whereabouts track glide downwards, then from whereabouts track bottom end outlet Skid off in the embedded slot bore entered on intravenous needle tool separately.Owing to existing at least between embedded slot bore adjacent on intravenous needle tool Half intravenous needle finned length be mutually superposed side by side region so that can accommodate at least in the intravenous needle tool of equal length Two row's intravenous needle fins, it is achieved the capacity enlargement effect to existing intravenous needle tool, while not increasing equipment and process costs, Add unit length intravenous needle tool inner capacities on the contrary, be effectively improved the production capacity effect of affiliated intravenous needle fin assembly equipment Rate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation using two intravenous needle fin feed mechanisms simultaneously to operate in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the intravenous needle fin feed mechanism overall structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is needle handle mainboard and the fit structure schematic diagram of pushing material component in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the close-up schematic view in Fig. 3 at location A;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of pushing material component in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the fit structure signal between needle handle mainboard in Fig. 2, feeding seat, feeding seat, guider and intravenous needle tool Figure;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of feeding seat in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the close-up schematic view in Fig. 7 at B location;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of backgauge slide block in the present invention.
Figure 10 is a kind of structural representation of guider in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the another kind of structural representation of guider in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the first guide plate in the present invention;
Figure 13 is the partial enlargement structural representation in Figure 12 at location of C;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the second guide plate in the present invention;
Figure 15 is the partial enlargement structural representation of D position in Figure 14;
Figure 16 is the first guide plate and the second guide plate fit structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Figure 17 is the structural representation of medium-sized vein needle therapeutical apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the partial enlargement structural representation of E position in Figure 17;
Accompanying drawing marks: needle handle mainboard 1, groove I 101, the first thimble 102, the second thimble 103, the first thimble seat 104, the second top Needle stand 105, air blowing cylinder 11, gas hole 110, U-shaped piece 12, gripper shoe 13, pushing material component 2, keeps off pin 201, push pedal 202, slides solid Determine block 203, bearing 204, top board 205, slider I 206, cylinder II 207, a block 208, cylinder I 209, slip sole piece 210, slide block II 211, feeding seat 3, groove II 301, the first recessed bar I 302, the second recessed bar I 303, raised line I 304, driving means 31, bearing 310, cartridge housing 311, gear 312, tooth bar 313, backgauge slide block 320, lobe 321, the first guide plate 41, groove III 410, inclines Inclined-plane III 411, the second guide plate 42, groove IV 420, inclined plane IV 421, the first recessed bar II 422, the second recessed bar II 423, raised line II 424, intravenous needle tool 5, groove V 501, embedded slot bore 502, intravenous needle fin 6.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is made a detailed explanation.
It should be noted that term " first " in description and claims of this specification, " on ", D score, " left ", " right ", " I ", " II ", " III ", " IV ", " V ", " top ", " end " etc. are for distinguishing similar object, without being used for describing spy Fixed order or precedence.Should be appreciated that such structure can be exchanged in the appropriate case, in order to send out for described herein Bright embodiment can be implemented with the order in addition to those here illustrating or describing.Additionally, term " includes " and Any deformation, it is intended that cover non-exclusive comprising.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Fig. 2 ~ 18, the present invention provides the specific embodiment of a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism, including quiet for carrying The needle handle mainboard 1 of arteries and veins pin fin 6, for promoting the pushing material component 2 of intravenous needle fin 6, carrying the intravenous needle wing for rotary steering The feeding seat 3 of sheet 6, for the guider of conveying intravenous needle fin 6 downwards and for receiving by under conveying in guider The intravenous needle tool 5 come;The vein that described pushing material component 2 can will be transported on this needle handle mainboard 1 bottom along needle handle mainboard 1 Pin fin 6 is pushed in feeding seat 3, is fed downwardly into quiet by guider by the intravenous needle fin 6 in feeding seat 3 the most again In arteries and veins needle therapeutical apparatus 5.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, described needle handle mainboard 1 is provided with a plurality of groove I for carrying intravenous needle fin 6 101, be provided with side by side on needle handle mainboard 1 and on every groove I 101 bottom for can stop intravenous needle fin 6 first Thimble 102 and the second thimble 103.Described needle handle mainboard 1 and a plurality of groove I 101 thereof in the setting of 25 ~ 80 ° of certain angle of inclination, and Being fixed supporting role by two pieces of gripper shoes 13 bottom needle handle mainboard 1, be conducive to dropping on needle handle mainboard 1 is a plurality of Intravenous needle fin 6 in groove I 101 is according to the downward landing of self gravitation or is fed downwardly into needle handle mainboard 1 bottom.
As shown in Fig. 3 ~ 4, every groove I 101 bottom is provided with for coordinating the first thimble 102 and the second thimble 103 Two through holes;First thimble 102 and the second thimble 103 can be along corresponding through holes and be perpendicular to groove I 101 axially direction On move back and forth up and down, the spacing of the first thimble 102 and the second thimble 103 be accommodate an intravenous needle fin 6 length Size, is the length scale of an intravenous needle fin 6;And first thimble 102 when upwards ejecting place groove I 101, simultaneously Place groove I 101 regained downwards by two thimbles 103;When the first thimble 102 regains place groove I 101 downwards, the second top simultaneously Pin 103 upwards ejects place groove I 101;These first thimbles 102 are mounted side by side on the first thimble seat 104, the second thimble 103 are mounted side by side on the second thimble seat 105, by driving the first thimble seat 104 and the second thimble seat 105 so that these It is enterprising that first thimble 102 and the second thimble 103 are perpendicular to corresponding groove I 101 axially direction along each self-corresponding through hole Row moves back and forth up and down;Regain downwards place groove the I 101, second thimble 103 when these first thimbles 102 and upwards eject place During groove I 101, stopped and clamp between the first thimble 102 and the second thimble 103 side by side by these first thimbles 102 Multiple intravenous needle fins 6 carry downwards along groove I 101, or the section of vein pin fin 6 being detained on groove I 101 leads to Cross and carry downwards along groove I 101 under the impetus of pushing material component 2;Follow-up intravenous needle fin 6 side by side by these Two thimbles 103 stop;Place is regained downwards when these first thimbles 102 upwards eject place groove the I 101, second thimble 103 During groove I 101, the follow-up intravenous needle fin 6 side by side stopped by these second thimbles 103 carries downwards an intravenous needle wing Sheet 6 length distance, will be stopped by these the first thimbles 102 simultaneously;First thimble 102 the most back and forth moves with the second thimble 103 Dynamic so that intravenous needle fin 6 carries downwards.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, needle handle mainboard 1 is additionally provided with the air blowing cylinder 11 for blowing intravenous needle fin 6, This air blowing cylinder 11 is fixed on the top end face of two pieces of gripper shoes 1313 by two U-shaped piece 12, and is provided with many on air blowing cylinder 11 The individual gas hole 110 that can be directed at groove I 101 on needle handle mainboard 1.These gas holes 110 are interconnected with air blowing cylinder 11, are blowing Multiple gas hole 110 is made respectively along groove I 101 axial direction and to be directed at respective groove I 101 after ventilating in inflator 11 Several intravenous needle fins 6 interior are blown, and this structure can be effectively guaranteed intravenous needle fin 6 along groove I 101 landing Or it is transported to the bottom end of needle handle mainboard 1.
And the upper side (being i.e. positioned at the top of a plurality of groove I 101) of needle handle mainboard 1 be fitted with one piece quiet for preventing Arteries and veins pin fin 6 is upwardly away from the transparent baffle opened in needle handle mainboard 1 groove I 101.
As shown in Fig. 2 ~ 5, described pushing material component 2 includes every the groove I 101 being directed at successively on needle handle mainboard 1 can Move up and down along respective groove I 101 and a movable gear pin 201.Specifically: described pushing material component 2 wraps Include top board 205, push pedal 202, the gear pin 201 being fixed on push pedal 202 bottom surface, can be axial along being perpendicular to groove I 101 Direction on carry out the cylinder I 209 that moves back and forth and can be reciprocal along carry out on the bearing of trend of groove I 101 axial place The cylinder II 207 of movement, top board 205 is fixedly mounted on needle handle mainboard 1 bottom by bearing 204, and cylinder I 209 passes through cylinder II 207 are connected with top board 205, and push pedal 202 is connected with cylinder I 209, and cylinder II 207 is fixing with top board 205 even by a block 208 Connect, and the piston rod II on cylinder II 207 is fixed with slip sole piece 210 and is connected, and is installed with two on this slip sole piece 210 203, two slider I 206 of individual slip fixed block and cylinder II 207;Wherein: two slider I 206 are flexibly connected with top board 205, Push pedal 202 is flexibly connected with two slip fixed blocks 203 by two slide blocks II 211, and the piston rod I on cylinder I 209 with push away Plate 202 is fixing to be connected;Make push pedal 202 axial along being perpendicular to groove I 101 under cylinder I 209 and piston rod I thereof act on Move back and forth on direction, cylinder I 209 and push pedal 202 under cylinder II 207 and piston rod II thereof act on along groove I 101 Axially move back and forth on the bearing of trend of place.In this gear pin 201 is the through hole that intercalation is corresponding on push pedal 202 bottom surface, Gear pin 201 the gear pin 201 more renewed can be extracted in time according to the situation of each self catcher pin 201.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 6, on described feeding seat 3, connection has for driving this feeding seat 3 to carry out the driving of rotary steering Device 31.Specifically: described driving means 31 includes bearing 310, cartridge housing 311, gear 312 and tooth bar 313, wherein: bearing 310 fixing with feeding seat 3 are connected, and gear 312 is fixed on one end of bearing 310, and gear 312 is meshed with tooth bar 313 and is connected; By driving tooth bar 313 to move back and forth, thus driven gear 312 and bearing 310 crankmotion so that feeding seat 3 along with Bearing 310 crankmotion simultaneously.
As shown in Fig. 7 ~ 8, described feeding seat 3 is provided with a plurality of groove II 301, the notch of these grooves II 301 position respectively On needle handle mainboard 1 on the bearing of trend of groove I 101;Being movably installed with one piece on the bottom face of feeding seat 3 can be by vein Pin fin 6 is blocked in the backgauge slide block 320 in these grooves II 301.
Groove II 301 one side that feeding seat 3 is provided with also covers conjunction and has one piece of cover plate so that the groove on feeding seat 3 II 301 present upper and lower permeability status, and the backgauge slide block 320 on feeding seat 3 bottom face can left and right or up and down reciprocatingly move Dynamic, and on backgauge slide block 320, it is provided with multiple lobe 321, when by mobile backgauge slide block 320 to backgauge position so that The bottom notch of a plurality of groove II 301 on feeding seat 3 can be sheltered from by these lobe 321, it is achieved by intravenous needle fin 6 It is blocked in these grooves II 301;When by mobile backgauge slide block 320 to feeding position so that these lobe 321 can It is staggered with the bottom notch of a plurality of groove II 301 on feeding seat 3, can be along these grooves by intravenous needle fin 6 with realization The bottom notch of ditch II 301 carries downwards and leaves backgauge slide block 320.
As shown in Figure 8, the bottom surface of feeding seat 3 groove II 301 sets the first recessed bar I 302 and the second recessed bar I 303 side by side, Wherein: the first recessed bar I 302 embedded degree of depth on the bottom surface of groove II 301 is more than the second recessed bar I 303 in the bottom surface of groove II 301 On, it is additionally provided with raised line I 304 between the first recessed bar I 302 and the second recessed bar I 303 on every groove II 301.The design of this structure Intravenous needle fin 6 is made all to present identical fixing downslide or whereabouts attitude in every groove II 301 of feeding seat 3 and protect These intravenous needle fins 6 stably can be stopped and rest on the bottom notch of groove II 301 by card by backgauge slide block 320, Simultaneously after being removed by backgauge slide block 320, these are blocked in the intravenous needle fin 6 at the bottom notch of groove II 301 can be with Identical downslide or whereabouts attitude are in the whereabouts track of guider.
As shown in Figure 10 ~ 16, described guider includes the first guide plate 41 and the second guide plate 42, at the first guide plate 41 medial surface are provided with a plurality of groove III 410, are provided with a plurality of groove IV 420 on the second guide plate 42 medial surface, and by After one guide plate 41 medial surface and the second guide plate 42 medial surface merge mutually so that groove on the first guide plate 41 III 410 with Groove IV 420 phase corresponding on second guide plate 42 forms multiple whereabouts track, wherein after merging: the top import of whereabouts track Towards its bottom end outlet towards between in 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle.So make the intravenous needle entered from the import of track top, whereabouts Fin 6 is through producing after rotation offset 0 ~ 90 ° during this whereabouts track glide downwards, then from whereabouts track bottom end outlet Skid off and enter in embedded slot bore 502 corresponding on intravenous needle tool 5.
As shown in Figure 17 ~ 18, being provided with groove V 501 on intravenous needle tool 5, this groove V 501 is by multiple embedded slot bores 502 are interconnected successively, and adjacent two embedded slot bores 502 are overlapped.Make to be embedded in adjacent two embedded slot bores 502 In adjacent two intravenous needle fins 6 can be overlapped, it is achieved can store on the intravenous needle tool 5 of equal length or Place greater number of intravenous needle fin 6.
As shown in Figure 12 ~ 13, on described first guide plate 41, the bottom surface of every groove III 410 is inclined plane III 411, and 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle is formed between face, place, top, bottom surface and its face, place, bottom of every groove III 410;Described second guide plate The bottom surface of every the groove IV 420 on 42 is inclined plane IV 421, and the face, place, top, bottom surface of every groove IV 420 and its 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle is formed between face, place, bottom;After the first guide plate 41 is merged with the second guide plate 42, the first guide plate The inclined plane III 411 of groove III 410 and shape between the inclined plane IV 421 of groove IV 420 on the second corresponding guide plate 42 on 41 Become a plurality of skewed whereabouts track.
As shown in Figure 14 ~ 15, the second guide plate 42 is provided with first in the inclined plane IV 421 of groove IV 420 side by side recessed Bar II 422 and the second recessed bar II 423, wherein: the first recessed bar II 422 embedded degree of depth in inclined plane IV 421 is more than the second recessed bar II 423 in inclined plane IV 421 the embedded degree of depth, and the first recessed bar II 422 and the second recessed bar II on every groove IV 420 A raised line II 424 it is additionally provided with between 423;The design of this structure makes intravenous needle fin 6 at every groove of the second guide plate 42 All present identical fixing whereabouts attitude in ditch IV 420 and each whereabouts track and guarantee smoothly by these veins Pin fin 6 delivers in embedded slot bore 502 corresponding on intravenous needle tool 5.
Two whereabouts tracks adjacent on described guider respectively with two embedded slot bores separately on intravenous needle tool 5 502 corresponding connections.Make adjacent two the intravenous needle fins 6 being embedded in adjacent two embedded slot bores 502 can be overlapped, The design of this structure is to realize accommodating the two row's intravenous needle wings being carried downwards whereabouts by guider on an intravenous needle tool 5 Sheet 6, i.e. two row's intravenous needle fins 6 can be arranged in the groove V 501 on intravenous needle tool 5 alternately.
As shown in Figure 10 ~ 11, described first guide plate 41 is connected with the piston rod III of cylinder III, at cylinder III and piston thereof Under the driving effect of bar III, the first guide plate 41 moves back and forth along the piston rod III axial stretching direction of cylinder III;? First guide plate 41 is under the driving effect of cylinder III and piston rod III thereof, and the first guide plate 41 gradually leans on to the second guide plate 42 Closely, after the first guide plate 41 medial surface and the second guide plate 42 medial surface merge mutually, the groove III 410 on the first guide plate 41 The groove IV 420 corresponding with on the second guide plate 42 defines multiple whereabouts track after merging.
Wherein: cylinder III is fixed on III, cylinder, and III, described cylinder is fixed on base;The design of this structure is for gas Cylinder III is during driving the first guide plate 41 to move back and forth, it is ensured that the steadiness of cylinder III self, thus reaches accurate What ground controlled to merge between the first guide plate 41 and the second guide plate 42 or separate is precisely controlled;Second guide plate 42 lateral surface leads to Cross two pieces of gripper shoes 13 and support that seats are fixing to be connected respectively with two, and be folded with spring base, at two pieces between two support seats Being folded with spring between gripper shoe 13 and the second guide plate 42, the design of this structure is to ensure that the first guide plate 41 is to When two guide plates 42 are drawn close and are integrally combined, produce certain buffering effect, it is to avoid excessively rigid collision and make second to lead There is skew to the position of plate 42 or loosen.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of above-described embodiment 1, as it is shown in figure 1, two intravenous needle fin feed mechanisms in the present invention are set side by side Putting, the most some intravenous needle tools 5 can be along multiple whereabouts of two intravenous needle fin feed mechanism bottom guiders Track discharging opening orientation is circulated mobile or moves back and forth;Due to the groove V 501 being provided with on intravenous needle tool 5 In lap zone length between adjacent two embedded slot bores 502 be half embedded slot bore 502 length or be half intravenous needle The width of fin 6, therefore an intravenous needle tool 5(is a unit length) interior embedded slot bore 502 can accommodate by intravenous needle Two row's intravenous needle fins 6 that fin feed mechanism carries, thus realize an intravenous needle tool 5 by mobile quiet at two Multiple whereabouts track discharging opening orientation of arteries and veins pin fin feed mechanism bottom guider, it is possible to receive successively these two quiet Arteries and veins pin fin feed mechanism carries the row's intravenous needle fin 6 got off respectively, and this two rows intravenous needle fin 6 is interlaced defeated Being fed into two rows embedded slot bore 502(separately on this intravenous needle tool 5 will the most multiple caulking groove on intravenous needle tool 5 Hole is 1,3,5 in order ... be divided into two rows embedded slot bore 502 separately with 2,4,6) in;It is achieved in that existing intravenous needle The capacity enlargement effect of tool, while not increasing equipment and process costs, adds a unit length vein acupuncture on the contrary Set 1 times of capacity of intravenous needle fin 6 in tool 5, be effectively improved the capacity efficiency of affiliated intravenous needle fin assembly equipment.
Due to the fact that and have employed above technical scheme, by pushing material component 2 be arranged on needle handle mainboard 1 bottom Two groups of thimbles cooperate work, it is to avoid owing to the factors such as intravenous needle fin 6 dead weight is lighter make many intravenous needle wings Sheet 6 rests on the phenomenon in the groove I 101 of needle handle mainboard 1 and occurs, and effectively ensures the clean and tidy, smart of intravenous needle fin 6 conveying Accurate, be efficiently completed;Simultaneously inclined for needle handle mainboard 1 shape is arranged and feeding seat 3 can rotary steering, the most greatly subtract The stroke distances of little conveying intravenous needle fin 6 and reduce the size of apparatus;Simultaneously by guider and setting The work that cooperates of the intravenous needle tool 5 at this guider bottom end outlet, leads delivering into this through guider In device, the intravenous needle fin 6 in the track of whereabouts carries out rotation offset guiding, specifically: from the track top, whereabouts of guider End import enter row's intravenous needle fin 6 through during this whereabouts track glide downwards generation rotation offset 0 ~ 90 ° after, Then skid off from whereabouts track bottom end outlet in the embedded slot bore 502 entered into intravenous needle tool 5 separately.Due to vein acupuncture There is at least half intravenous needle fin 6 length on tool 5 between adjacent embedded slot bore 502 is mutually superposed side by side region so that in phase At least two row's intravenous needle fins 6 can be accommodated, it is achieved the capacity enlargement effect to intravenous needle tool 5 with in the intravenous needle tool 5 of length, While not increasing equipment and process costs, add unit length intravenous needle tool 5 inner capacities on the contrary and (i.e. accommodate vein The quantity of pin fin 6), it is effectively improved the capacity efficiency of affiliated intravenous needle fin 6 assembly equipment.
It is emphasized that: be the most only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not the present invention is made any in form Restriction, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the modification that above example is made by every technical spirit according to the present invention, All still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an intravenous needle fin feed mechanism, it is characterised in that include the needle handle mainboard for carrying intravenous needle fin (6) (1), it is used for promoting the pushing material component (2) of intravenous needle fin (6), carrying the feeding seat of intravenous needle fin (6) for rotary steering (3), for the guider of conveying intravenous needle fin (6) downwards and for receiving by carrying get off quiet in guider Arteries and veins needle therapeutical apparatus (5);Described pushing material component (2) can be quiet by be transported on this needle handle mainboard (1) bottom along needle handle mainboard (1) In arteries and veins pin fin (6) is pushed to feeding seat (3), the most again by the intravenous needle fin (6) in feeding seat (3) by guider to Under be transported to intravenous needle tool (5) in.
2. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 1, it is characterised in that described needle handle mainboard (1) It is provided with a plurality of groove I (101) for carrying intravenous needle fin (6), on needle handle mainboard (1) and at every groove I (101) The first thimble (102) for intravenous needle fin (6) can be stopped and the second thimble (103) it is provided with side by side on bottom.
3. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 2, it is characterised in that at every groove I (101) Bottom is provided with two through holes for coordinating the first thimble (102) and the second thimble (103);First thimble (102) and second Thimble (103) can be along corresponding through hole and be perpendicular in groove I (101) axially direction move back and forth up and down, first Thimble (102) is the length scale accommodating an intravenous needle fin (6) with the spacing of the second thimble (103), and the first thimble (102), when upwards ejecting place groove I (101), place groove I (101) regained downwards by the second thimble (103) simultaneously;First When thimble (102) regains groove I (101), place downwards, the second thimble (103) upwards ejects place groove I (101) simultaneously.
4. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that described pusher group On part (2) includes every the groove I (101) being directed at successively on needle handle mainboard (1) and can carry out along respective groove I (101) Lower movement and a movable gear pin (201).
5. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that described feeding seat (3) upper connection has for driving this feeding seat (3) to carry out the driving means (31) of rotary steering;Described feeding seat (3) is provided with A plurality of groove II (301), the notch of these grooves II (301) lays respectively at the extension side of the upper groove I (101) of needle handle mainboard (1) Upwards;The bottom face of feeding seat (3) is movably installed with one piece intravenous needle fin (6) can be blocked in these grooves II (301) the backgauge slide block (320) in.
6. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that described guiding fills Put and include the first guide plate (41) and the second guide plate (42), the first guide plate (41) medial surface is provided with a plurality of groove III (410), on the second guide plate (42) medial surface, a plurality of groove IV (420) it is provided with, and by the first guide plate (41) medial surface After merging mutually with the second guide plate (42) medial surface so that the groove III (410) on the first guide plate (41) and the second guide plate (42) upper corresponding groove IV (420) forms multiple whereabouts track, wherein after merging mutually: the top import of whereabouts track towards with Its bottom end outlet towards between in 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle.
7. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 6, it is characterised in that in intravenous needle tool (5) Being provided with groove V (501), this groove V (501) is interconnected successively by multiple embedded slot bores (502) and forms, and adjacent two Individual embedded slot bore (502) is overlapped.
8. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 6, it is characterised in that described first guide plate (41) bottom surface of upper every groove III (410) is inclined plane III (411), and the place, top, bottom surface of every groove III (410) 0 ~ 90 ° of inclination angle is formed between face and its face, place, bottom;The end of every the groove IV (420) on described second guide plate (42) Face be between inclined plane IV (421), and the face, place, top, bottom surface of every groove IV (420) and its face, place, bottom formation 0 ~ 90 ° of inclinations angle;After the first guide plate (41) is merged with the second guide plate (42), the upper groove III of the first guide plate (41) (410) shape between the inclined plane IV (421) of inclined plane III (411) groove IV (420) upper with corresponding the second guide plate (42) Become a plurality of skewed whereabouts track.
9. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 6 or 8, it is characterised in that at the second guide plate (42) the first recessed bar II (422) and the second recessed bar II (423) it is provided with side by side in the inclined plane IV (421) of upper groove IV (420), its In: the first recessed bar II (422) is more than the second recessed bar II (423) in inclined plane IV (421) in the upper embedded degree of depth of inclined plane IV (421) Above it is additionally provided with between the embedded degree of depth, and the first recessed bar II (422) and the second recessed bar II (423) on every groove IV (420) Article one, raised line II (424).
10. according to a kind of intravenous needle fin feed mechanism described in claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that phase on guider Two adjacent whereabouts tracks respectively with the corresponding connection of two embedded slot bores (502) separately on intravenous needle tool (5).
CN201610619130.2A 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 Intravenous needle wing piece feed mechanism Active CN106081473B (en)

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CN205328180U (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-06-22 东莞朗诚微电子设备有限公司 Integrated circuit's ejection of compact collection device's pushing equipment
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EP2767840A1 (en) * 2011-10-13 2014-08-20 Dexerials Corporation Measurement jig for solar battery and method for measuring output of solar battery cell
CN102699270A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-10-03 太仓椿盟链传动有限公司 Chain and chain piece stringing machine
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CN206126037U (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-04-26 昕迪精密机械(东莞)有限公司 Vein needle fin feed mechanism

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