CN106080681B - Nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that factor of safety is high - Google Patents

Nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that factor of safety is high Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106080681B
CN106080681B CN201610401228.0A CN201610401228A CN106080681B CN 106080681 B CN106080681 B CN 106080681B CN 201610401228 A CN201610401228 A CN 201610401228A CN 106080681 B CN106080681 B CN 106080681B
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China
Prior art keywords
ray machine
base
limiting
positioning
chain
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CN201610401228.0A
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CN106080681A (en
Inventor
武长春
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Shijiazhuang Xinghua Nondestructive Detection Co ltd
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Shijiazhuang Xinghua Nondestructive Detection Co ltd
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Priority to CN201610401228.0A priority Critical patent/CN106080681B/en
Publication of CN106080681A publication Critical patent/CN106080681A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B1/00Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor
    • B62B1/10Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor in which the load is intended to be transferred totally to the wheels
    • B62B1/14Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor in which the load is intended to be transferred totally to the wheels involving means for grappling or securing in place objects to be carried; Loading or unloading equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • B62B5/02Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D55/00Endless track vehicles
    • B62D55/04Endless track vehicles with tracks and alternative ground wheels, e.g. changeable from endless track vehicle into wheeled vehicle and vice versa
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N23/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of wave or particle radiation, e.g. X-rays or neutrons, not covered by groups G01N3/00 – G01N17/00, G01N21/00 or G01N22/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B2301/00Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension
    • B62B2301/25Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension characterised by the ground engaging elements, e.g. wheel type
    • B62B2301/256Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension characterised by the ground engaging elements, e.g. wheel type by using endless belts

Abstract

The invention relates to a nondestructive inspection auxiliary device with high safety coefficient, in particular to an X-ray machine auxiliary device used in the nondestructive inspection industry. The X-ray machine safety protection device comprises a walking device, an X-ray machine positioning device, an X-ray machine lifting and rotating device, an X-ray machine safety protection device and climbing devices symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the walking device, wherein the X-ray machine positioning device, the X-ray machine lifting and rotating device, the X-ray machine safety protection device and the climbing devices are arranged on the walking device.

Description

Nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that factor of safety is high
Technical Field
The invention relates to a nondestructive inspection auxiliary device with high safety coefficient, in particular to an X-ray machine auxiliary device used in the nondestructive inspection industry.
Background
At present, the field of flaw detection is basically to use x-rays and gamma-rays to perform nondestructive flaw detection operation, particularly, an x-ray machine is large in size, the weight is more than 20KG, the x-ray machine needs to be carried by a plurality of people, a common transfer cart can only carry on flat ground, once the x-ray machine meets stairs or other bad terrains, the x-ray machine is difficult to carry, particularly, the particularity of equipment is that the x-ray machine is generally firmly bound by ropes, and at the moment, if the x-ray machine is disassembled and assembled, workers consume time and labor, the working efficiency is low, in the detection process, the workers need to bind the x-ray machine to a pipeline to be detected, and then adjust the.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a nondestructive inspection auxiliary device with high safety coefficient.
The technical problem solved by the invention adopts the following scheme:
the invention consists of a walking device, an x-ray machine positioning device arranged on the walking device, an x-ray machine lifting and rotating device, an x-ray machine safety protection device and climbing devices symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the walking device,
the walking device comprises a base and walking wheels symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the base, a base threaded hole is arranged at the center of the base,
the x-ray machine positioning device consists of an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device,
the lower limiting device comprises an x-ray machine positioning base arranged at the upper end of the base, a back plate arranged at one end of the x-ray machine positioning base, more than three lower limiting card sliding grooves with the circumference arranged on the x-ray machine positioning base and a lower limiting card embedded in the lower limiting sliding grooves, the lower limiting card is fixedly connected with the x-ray machine positioning base through a tension spring arranged in the lower limiting card sliding grooves, the back plate is provided with a positioning sliding groove and a transillumination hole,
the upper positioning device consists of a height limiting slide block, an upper limiting clamp and a limiting adjusting handle arranged at the rear end of the height limiting slide block, wherein more than three upper limiting slide grooves are arranged on the upper circumference of the height limiting slide block, the upper limiting clamp is embedded in the upper limiting slide grooves, the upper limiting clamp is fixedly connected with the height limiting slide block through a tension spring arranged in the upper limiting slide grooves, the intersection part of the height limiting slide block and the limiting adjusting handle is embedded in the positioning slide grooves,
the x-ray machine lifting and rotating device comprises a lifting bolt, a bearing fixedly arranged at the end part of the lifting bolt and a bearing seat arranged at the bottom end of the x-ray machine positioning base and matched with the threaded hole of the base in position, the lifting bolt is inserted into the threaded hole of the base, the bearing is fixedly arranged in the bearing seat,
the x-ray machine safety protection device comprises two groups of upper chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of the back plate, two groups of lower chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of the back plate and connecting chain chains, wherein the upper chain chains comprise more than five upper sub chain chains hinged end to end, the tail upper sub chain chains are hinged with the back plate, the upper sub chain chains at the front end are connected through the connecting chain chains, the lower chain chains comprise more than five lower sub chain chains hinged end to end, the tail lower sub chain chains are hinged with the back plate, the lower sub chain chains at the front end are connected through the connecting chain chains,
the climbing device is arranged between the travelling wheels at the lower end of the base and comprises a hydraulic oil cylinder, a track fixing frame, a track and track wheels, wherein the track and the track wheels are arranged in the track fixing frame, the track wheels are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the track fixing frame and hinged with the track fixing frame, the track is wound on the track wheels, the rear end of the track fixing frame is hinged with the rear end of the base, the front end of the track fixing frame is hinged with a push rod at the front end of the hydraulic oil cylinder, and the rear end of the hydraulic oil cylinder is hinged with the base.
The number of the upper limiting card sliding grooves is four, and the number of the lower limiting card sliding grooves is four.
The model of the hydraulic oil cylinder is HANLDA-RO.
The section of the transillumination hole is in a round corner rectangle shape.
The section of the transillumination hole is in a round corner rectangle shape.
The invention has the following positive effects:
the nondestructive testing x-ray machine can be quickly fixed on the base through the positioning device, the nondestructive testing x-ray machine can be adjusted in height through the height limiting slide block which is adjusted according to the size of the nondestructive testing x-ray machine, the equipment is clamped through the upper limiting clamp and the lower limiting clamp, the nondestructive testing x-ray machine is suitable for nondestructive testing x-ray machines of various models, the nondestructive testing x-ray machines are convenient to assemble and disassemble, when the machine encounters a bad terrain in the transferring process, the climbing device is unfolded only by starting the hydraulic oil cylinder, the whole machine body is inclined at a certain angle, and therefore the crawler tracks can replace original walking wheels to walk, and the machine can cope with.
According to the invention, the angle to be detected can be adjusted only by adjusting the lengths of the lifting bolt and the hydraulic oil cylinder push rod, the x-ray machine can be rotated according to the height of the pipeline, the detection requirement is met, and the working strength is greatly reduced.
Because the x-ray machine belongs to high-risk articles, the x-ray machine only plays a role in shock absorption even if the x-ray machine runs in a bumpy road section in the transportation process and is still possibly separated from the control of the positioning device actually, and most of the prior art adopts a binding method for fixing, so that the disassembly is troublesome and the safety factor is low.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the limiting adjustment handle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a structural schematic diagram of the invention in a climbing state.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the climbing device of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an open state of the x-ray machine safety protection device according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the upper concealed chain device of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the lifting state of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the working state of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the present invention measuring obliquely downward.
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the present invention measuring obliquely upward.
Detailed Description
As shown in the attached figures 1-10, the invention is composed of a walking device, an x-ray machine positioning device arranged on the walking device, an x-ray machine lifting and rotating device, an x-ray machine safety protection device and climbing devices symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the walking device,
the walking device comprises a base 1 and walking wheels 8 symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the base 1, a base threaded hole is arranged at the center of the base 1,
the x-ray machine positioning device consists of an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device,
the lower limiting device comprises an x-ray machine positioning base 17 arranged at the upper end of a base 1, a back plate 2 arranged at one end of the x-ray machine positioning base 17, more than three lower limiting card sliding grooves 14 with the circumference arranged on the x-ray machine positioning base 17 and a lower limiting card 12 embedded in the lower limiting sliding grooves 14, wherein the lower limiting card 12 is fixedly connected with the x-ray machine positioning base 17 through a tension spring arranged in the lower limiting card sliding grooves 14, the back plate 2 is provided with a positioning sliding groove 4 and a transillumination hole 18,
the upper positioning device consists of a height limiting slide block 5, an upper limiting clamp 6 and a limiting adjusting handle 15 arranged at the rear end of the height limiting slide block 5, wherein the upper circumference of the height limiting slide block 5 is provided with more than three upper limiting clamp sliding grooves 7, the upper limiting clamp 6 is embedded in the upper limiting clamp sliding grooves 7, the upper limiting clamp 6 is fixedly connected with the height limiting slide block 5 through a tension spring arranged in the upper limiting clamp sliding grooves 7, the intersection part of the height limiting slide block 5 and the limiting adjusting handle 15 is embedded in the positioning sliding groove 4,
the x-ray machine lifting and rotating device comprises a lifting bolt 16, a bearing 19 fixedly arranged at the end part of the lifting bolt 16 and a bearing seat arranged at the bottom end of the x-ray machine positioning base 17 and matched with the threaded hole of the base in position, the lifting bolt 16 is inserted into the threaded hole of the base, the bearing 19 is fixedly arranged in the bearing seat,
the x-ray machine safety protection device comprises two groups of upper chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of a back plate 2, two groups of lower chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of the back plate 2 and a connecting chain 20, wherein the upper chain chains comprise more than five upper sub chain chains 3 hinged end to end, the tail upper sub chain 3 is hinged with the back plate 2, the upper sub chain chains 3 at the front end are connected through the connecting chain 20, the lower chain chains comprise more than five lower sub chain chains 21 hinged end to end, the tail lower sub chain 21 is hinged with the back plate 2, and the lower sub chain 21 at the front end is connected through the connecting chain 20,
the climbing device is arranged between walking wheels 8 at the lower end of the base 1 and comprises a hydraulic oil cylinder 9, a track fixing frame 10, a track 13 and track wheels, wherein the track 13 and the track wheels are arranged in the track fixing frame 10, the track wheels are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the track fixing frame 10 and hinged with the track fixing frame 10, the track 13 is wound on the track wheels, the rear end of the track fixing frame 10 is hinged with the rear end of the base 1, the front end of the track fixing frame 10 is hinged with a push rod 11 at the front end of the hydraulic oil cylinder 9, and the rear end of the hydraulic oil cylinder 9 is hinged with the base 1.
The number of the upper limiting card sliding grooves 7 is four, and the number of the lower limiting card sliding grooves 14 is four. The model of the hydraulic oil cylinder 9 is HANDA-RO. The section of the transillumination hole 18 is a round rectangle.
The nondestructive testing x-ray machine can be quickly fixed on the base through the positioning device, the nondestructive testing x-ray machine can be adjusted in height through the height limiting slide block which is adjusted according to the size of the nondestructive testing x-ray machine, the equipment is clamped through the upper limiting clamp and the lower limiting clamp, the nondestructive testing x-ray machine is suitable for nondestructive testing x-ray machines of various models, the nondestructive testing x-ray machines are convenient to assemble and disassemble, when the machine encounters a bad terrain in the transferring process, the climbing device is unfolded only by starting the hydraulic oil cylinder, the whole machine body is inclined at a certain angle, and therefore the crawler tracks can replace original walking wheels to walk, and the machine can cope with.
According to the invention, the angle to be detected can be adjusted only by adjusting the lengths of the lifting bolt and the hydraulic oil cylinder push rod, the x-ray machine can be rotated according to the height of the pipeline, the detection requirement is met, and the working strength is greatly reduced.
Because the x-ray machine belongs to high-risk articles, the x-ray machine only plays a role in shock absorption even if the x-ray machine runs in a bumpy road section in the transportation process and is still possibly separated from the control of the positioning device actually, and most of the prior art adopts a binding method for fixing, so that the disassembly is troublesome and the safety factor is low.
The X-ray machine transport tool and the X-ray machine flaw detection fixing device are integrated, so that the safety and convenience of the X-ray machine in the transport process can be guaranteed, the angle adjustment fixing function of equipment in the flaw detection process can be met, all work can be completed by only 1-2 workers, manpower and time are greatly saved, and the accuracy of searchlighting is improved.

Claims (2)

1. A nondestructive inspection auxiliary device with high safety coefficient is characterized by comprising a traveling device, an x-ray machine positioning device arranged on the traveling device, an x-ray machine lifting and rotating device, an x-ray machine safety protection device and climbing devices symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the traveling device,
the walking device comprises a base (1) and walking wheels (8) symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the base (1), a base threaded hole is arranged at the center of the base (1),
the x-ray machine positioning device consists of an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device,
the lower positioning device comprises an x-ray machine positioning base (17) arranged at the upper end of a base (1), a back plate (2) arranged at one end of the x-ray machine positioning base (17), more than three lower limiting card sliding grooves (14) with the circumference arranged on the x-ray machine positioning base (17) and a lower limiting card (12) embedded in the lower limiting card sliding grooves (14), wherein the lower limiting card (12) is fixedly connected with the x-ray machine positioning base (17) through tension springs arranged in the lower limiting card sliding grooves (14), a positioning sliding groove (4) and a transillumination hole (18) are arranged on the back plate (2),
the upper positioning device is composed of a height limiting slide block (5), an upper limiting clamp (6) and a limiting adjusting handle (15) arranged at the rear end of the height limiting slide block (5), the upper circumference of the height limiting slide block (5) is provided with more than three upper limiting clamp sliding grooves (7), the upper limiting clamp (6) is embedded in the upper limiting clamp sliding grooves (7), the upper limiting clamp (6) is fixedly connected with the height limiting slide block (5) through a tension spring arranged in the upper limiting clamp sliding grooves (7), the intersection part of the height limiting slide block (5) and the limiting adjusting handle (15) is embedded in the positioning sliding groove (4),
the x-ray machine lifting and rotating device comprises a lifting bolt (16), a bearing (19) fixedly arranged at the end part of the lifting bolt (16) and a bearing seat arranged at the bottom end of the x-ray machine positioning base (17) and matched with the threaded hole of the base in position, the lifting bolt (16) is inserted into the threaded hole of the base, the bearing (19) is fixedly arranged in the bearing seat,
the x-ray machine safety protection device is composed of two groups of upper chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of the back plate (2), two groups of lower chain chains symmetrically arranged at the front end of the back plate (2) and a connecting chain (20), wherein the upper chain is composed of more than five upper sub chain chains (3) hinged end to end, the terminal upper sub chain (3) is hinged with the back plate (2), the upper sub chain (3) at the front end is connected with each other through the connecting chain (20), the lower chain is composed of more than five lower sub chain chains (21) hinged end to end, the terminal lower sub chain (21) is hinged with the back plate (2), and the lower sub chain (21) at the front end is connected with each other through the connecting chain (20),
the climbing device is arranged between walking wheels (8) at the lower end of the base (1) and comprises a hydraulic oil cylinder (9), a track fixing frame (10), and a track (13) and track wheels which are arranged in the track fixing frame (10), wherein the track wheels are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the track fixing frame (10) and are hinged with the track fixing frame (10), the track (13) is wound on the track wheels, the rear end of the track fixing frame (10) is hinged with the rear end of the base (1), the front end of the track fixing frame (10) is hinged with a push rod (11) at the front end of the hydraulic oil cylinder (9), and the rear end of the hydraulic oil cylinder (9) is hinged with the base (1),
the section of the transillumination hole (18) is in a round corner rectangle shape.
2. The nondestructive inspection assisting device with the high safety factor according to claim 1 is characterized in that the number of the upper limit card sliding grooves (7) is four, and the number of the lower limit card sliding grooves (14) is four.
CN201610401228.0A 2016-06-09 2016-06-09 Nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that factor of safety is high Active CN106080681B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106080681B true CN106080681B (en) 2020-05-19

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109506692A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-03-22 射阳县智能探伤设备有限公司 A kind of easy-to-mount defectoscope

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004001597A (en) * 2002-05-31 2004-01-08 Hitachi Ltd Vehicle inspection facility and vehicle transferring device
CN204302202U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 宜兴市九洲封头锻造有限公司 A kind of end socket flaw detection mechanism
CN104696675A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-10 国家电网公司 Hydraulic lifting rotation device for X-ray imaging detection
CN205737601U (en) * 2016-06-09 2016-11-30 石家庄兴化检测有限公司 The nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that a kind of safety coefficient is high

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004001597A (en) * 2002-05-31 2004-01-08 Hitachi Ltd Vehicle inspection facility and vehicle transferring device
CN204302202U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 宜兴市九洲封头锻造有限公司 A kind of end socket flaw detection mechanism
CN104696675A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-10 国家电网公司 Hydraulic lifting rotation device for X-ray imaging detection
CN205737601U (en) * 2016-06-09 2016-11-30 石家庄兴化检测有限公司 The nondestructive inspection auxiliary device that a kind of safety coefficient is high

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