CN106070367A - 一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂 - Google Patents

一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂 Download PDF

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CN106070367A
CN106070367A CN201610460885.2A CN201610460885A CN106070367A CN 106070367 A CN106070367 A CN 106070367A CN 201610460885 A CN201610460885 A CN 201610460885A CN 106070367 A CN106070367 A CN 106070367A
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powder
prodenia litura
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fragariae ananssae
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殷玉鹏
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Guzhen Yupeng Ecological Agriculture Culture Park Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/30Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests characterised by the surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/14Boron; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • A01N59/20Copper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N61/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing substances of unknown or undetermined composition, e.g. substances characterised only by the mode of action
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

本发明公开了一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂,涉及农业种植技术领域,由如下重量份数的原料制成:刺黄柏叶20‑25份、败酱草20‑25份、银杏叶12‑16份、马齿苋10‑15份、肉桂皮10‑15份、葡萄糖苷8‑12份、土茯苓6‑10份、皂角粉6‑10份、炉甘石粉5‑8份、十二烷基磺酸钠5‑8份、洋金花3‑6份、地肤子3‑6份、竹醋2‑4份、蓖麻子粉1‑2份、辣椒粕1‑2份、纳米氧化亚铜0.5‑1份、苦杏仁粉0.2‑0.5份、硼砂0.2‑0.5份。本发明防治剂具有清香味道,喷施于叶面后能够吸引斜纹夜蛾吸食,起到麻醉进而杀灭的目的,并且在葡萄糖苷和十二烷基磺酸钠的作用下,斜纹夜蛾尸体能够被水冲刷,从而防止其尸体作为其他病菌和虫害的寄主。

Description

一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂
技术领域
:
[0001 ]本发明涉及农业种植技术领域,具体涉及一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂。
背景技术
:
[0002]草莓,蔷薇科、草莓属多年生草本,一种红色的花果,外观呈心形,鲜美红嫩,果肉多汁,含有特殊的浓郁水果芳香,中国各地栽培。草莓富含氨基酸、果糖、蔗糖、葡萄糖、柠檬酸、苹果酸、果胶、胡萝卜素、维生素B1、B2、烟酸及矿物质钙、镁、磷、钾、铁等,这些营养素对生长发育有很好的促进作用,对老人、儿童大有裨益。每百克草莓含维生素C50-100毫克,比苹果、葡萄高10倍以上。并且维生素C能消除细胞间的松弛与紧张状态,使脑细胞结构坚固,皮肤细腻有弹性,对脑和智力发育有重要影响。
[0003]草莓斜纹夜蛾是一类杂食性和暴食性害虫,以幼虫咬食叶片、花蕾、花及果实,初龄幼虫啮食叶片下表皮及叶肉,仅留上表皮呈透明斑;4龄以后进入暴食,咬食叶片,仅留主脉。常用防治方法是喷施化学药剂,虽然短期内使用效果好,但长期使用后会出现耐药性,需要加大施药剂量和增加施药次数才能达到理想防治效果。
发明内容
:
[0004]本发明所要解决的技术问题在于提供一种药效好、药效长且节省工作量的草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂。
[0005]本发明所要解决的技术问题采用以下的技术方案来实现:
[0006] —种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂,由如下重量份数的原料制成:
[0007] 刺黄柏叶20-25份、败酱草20-25份、银杏叶12-16份、马齿苋10-15份、肉桂皮10-15份、葡萄糖苷8-12份、土茯苳6-10份、阜角粉6-10份、炉甘石粉5-8份、十二烧基磺酸钠5-8份、洋金花3-6份、地肤子3-6份、竹醋2-4份、蓖麻子粉1-2份、辣椒柏1-2份、纳米氧化亚铜
0.5-1份、苦杏仁粉0.2-0.5份、硼砂0.2-0.5份。
[0008]其制备方法如下:
[0009] (I)将刺黄柏叶、败酱草和土茯苓加入5倍重量的乙醇中,加热至回流状态保温30min,再加入马齿苋、洋金花和地肤子,继续回流保温30min,过滤,滤液送入喷雾干燥机,所得颗粒经粉碎机制成粉末,即得粉料I;
[0010] (2)将银杏叶和肉桂皮经冷冻干燥后粉碎成粉末,然后加入竹醋和辣椒柏,混合均匀,即得粉料II;
[0011] (3)将皂角粉、炉甘石、蓖麻子粉和硼砂加热至60-70°C保温混合15min,待冷却至室温后再加入粉料1、粉料I1、葡萄糖苷、十二烷基磺酸钠、纳米氧化亚铜和苦杏仁粉,混合均匀后静置lh,然后将混合物加入超微磨粉机中,最终得到细度小于30μπι的粉体。
[0012]本发明的有益效果是:本发明以植物中草药成分为主要原料,辅以其他多种助剂制得草莓斜纹夜蛾,该防治剂具有清香味道,喷施于叶面后能够吸引斜纹夜蛾吸食,起到麻醉进而杀灭的目的,并且在葡萄糖苷和十二烷基磺酸钠的作用下,斜纹夜蛾尸体能够被水冲刷,从而防止其尸体作为其他病菌和虫害的寄主。
具体实施方式
:
[0013]为了使本发明实现的技术手段、创作特征、达成目的与功效易于明白了解,下面结合具体实施例,进一步阐述本发明。
[0014] 实施例1
[0015] (I)将25份刺黄柏叶、20份败酱草和8份土茯苓加入5倍重量的乙醇中,加热至回流状态保温30min,再加入10份马齿苋、5份洋金花和3份地肤子,继续回流保温30min,过滤,滤液送入喷雾干燥机,所得颗粒经粉碎机制成粉末,即得粉料I;
[0016] (2)将12份银杏叶和10份肉桂皮经冷冻干燥后粉碎成粉末,然后加入3份竹醋和2份辣椒柏,混合均匀,即得粉料II;
[0017] (3)将6份皂角粉、5份炉甘石、2份蓖麻子粉和0.3份硼砂加热至60_70°C保温混合15min,待冷却至室温后再加入粉料1、粉料I1、8份葡萄糖苷、5份十二烷基磺酸钠、0.5份纳米氧化亚铜和0.2份苦杏仁粉,混合均匀后静置Ih,然后将混合物加入超微磨粉机中,最终得到细度小于30μπι的粉体。
[0018] 实施例2
[0019] (I)将20份刺黄柏叶、25份败酱草和10份土茯苓加入5倍重量的乙醇中,加热至回流状态保温30min,再加入12份马齿苋、3份洋金花和6份地肤子,继续回流保温30min,过滤,滤液送入喷雾干燥机,所得颗粒经粉碎机制成粉末,即得粉料I;
[0020] (2)将15份银杏叶和15份肉桂皮经冷冻干燥后粉碎成粉末,然后加入4份竹醋和I份辣椒柏,混合均匀,即得粉料II;
[0021] (3)将8份皂角粉、7份炉甘石、I份蓖麻子粉和0.3份硼砂加热至60-70°C保温混合15min,待冷却至室温后再加入粉料1、粉料I1、10份葡萄糖苷、7份十二烷基磺酸钠、I份纳米氧化亚铜和0.3份苦杏仁粉,混合均匀后静置lh,然后将混合物加入超微磨粉机中,最终得到细度小于30μπι的粉体。
[0022]以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理和主要特征和本发明的优点。本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下,本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等效物界定。

Claims (2)

1.一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂,其特征在于,由如下重量份数的原料制成: 刺黄柏叶20-25份、败酱草20-25份、银杏叶12-16份、马齿苋10-15份、肉桂皮10-15份、葡萄糖苷8-12份、土茯苓6-10份、皂角粉6-10份、炉甘石粉5-8份、十二烷基磺酸钠5-8份、洋金花3-6份、地肤子3-6份、竹醋2-4份、蓖麻子粉1-2份、辣椒柏1-2份、纳米氧化亚铜0.5-1份、苦杏仁粉0.2-0.5份、硼砂0.2-0.5份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂,其特征在于,其制备方法如下: (1)将刺黄柏叶、败酱草和土茯苓加入5倍重量的乙醇中,加热至回流状态保温30min,再加入马齿苋、洋金花和地肤子,继续回流保温30min,过滤,滤液送入喷雾干燥机,所得颗粒经粉碎机制成粉末,即得粉料I ; (2)将银杏叶和肉桂皮经冷冻干燥后粉碎成粉末,然后加入竹醋和辣椒柏,混合均匀,即得粉料II; (3)将皂角粉、炉甘石、蓖麻子粉和硼砂加热至60-70°C保温混合15min,待冷却至室温后再加入粉料1、粉料I1、葡萄糖苷、十二烷基磺酸钠、纳米氧化亚铜和苦杏仁粉,混合均匀后静置lh,然后将混合物加入超微磨粉机中,最终得到细度小于30μπι的粉体。
CN201610460885.2A 2016-06-22 2016-06-22 一种草莓斜纹夜蛾防治剂 Pending CN106070367A (zh)

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Application publication date: 20161109