CN106069654A - A kind of cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower - Google Patents

A kind of cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower Download PDF

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CN106069654A
CN106069654A CN201610396723.7A CN201610396723A CN106069654A CN 106069654 A CN106069654 A CN 106069654A CN 201610396723 A CN201610396723 A CN 201610396723A CN 106069654 A CN106069654 A CN 106069654A
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schum
haw
zygopetalum truncatns
flower
truncatns
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CN106069654B (en
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赵天荣
王明达
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NINGBO CITY AGRICULTURE SCIENCE ACADEMY
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NINGBO CITY AGRICULTURE SCIENCE ACADEMY
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultivation processing method of a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower, comprise the steps: (1) JIUYUE 5 days~JIUYUE within 10th, to start Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower and carry out long-day process;(2) electronic automatic control device is installed, utilizes the sodium vapor lamp in greenhouse to carry out light filling, after entering mid-September, gradually pack up sunshade net;(3) in the environment of without measure cultivation of heating, stopped light filling before the Spring Festival when 90 100 days, stop light and after 4 days, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is carried out pinching of pruning, extract immature, sick or that deformity is thin and weak stipes, make the whole full rounding of basin plant;(4) recover fertilising after pumping alabastrum, during petal length to Semen Glycines size, carry out packaging and sell.The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower neat and consistent, plant strain growth is strong, and stipes is plump, and blade glossiness is good, and commercial quality is high.

Description

A kind of cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation of plants method, particularly relate to the cultivation processing method of a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower.
Background technology
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. (Zygocactus trurncatus) originates in South America Brazil.Cactaceae, the raw meat for many years of Zygocactus Matter ornamental plant.Owing to Zygocactus trurncatus from blooming is just as Christmas Day and New Year's Day, so west is " Christmas flower " also known as it.Its flower is gentle and demure Graceful, if the gorgeous unconventional of light, bright and beautiful moving, liked by people especially and praised, becoming one of main potted flower of indoor in winter, be also One of fine work annual flower that China is main.
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plasticity is strong, both can do 9cm fast-growing little potted plant, and 12cm is medium potted plant, can make again 15cm fine work Large-scale potted plant.Producing region is distributed mainly on Jiangsu-zhejiang Shanghai Area, Beijing, Tianjin, Xichang, Chengdu, Qingzhou, Jilin, Guangzhou, Kunming and good fortune at present The ground such as build.Domestic annual output Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. finished product potted flower reaches more than 5,000,000 basins, and annual value of production crosses hundred million yuan.
Along with home gardening is rooted in the hearts of the people, little potted plant little kind emerges rapidly.External Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. seedling is in the international market Also occur in that soliciting for subscriptions mutually of the manufacturers such as the situation that supply falls short of demand, especially Europe, Japan, Korea S, enter China market Variety source is very limited.
From nearly 2 years potted flower consumption markets dynamically from the point of view of, the little kind potted flower seedling such as Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum., Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, Rieger Begonia Sales volume sustainable growth, the appearance of Virtual production business also allows grower more focus on quality, and little kind is fade-in benign development track. Multi items, many colour systems, the little kind of many specifications raise up against the market, and which reflects the trend in potted flower market, and specialized whole year production will Become the development trend in potted flower market from now on.Develop more multi items and product type enriches market, meet multiple demand ability The spring tide in potted flower market is established oneself in an unassailable position.
From the point of view of the sales conditions of field, nearly 2 year year night flower market, the main flowers of current annual flower have hybrid cymbidium, iris, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum., Cyclamen persicum, the red palm, Fructus Ananadis comosi, calla lily, Kalanchoe blossfeldiana etc..
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. has advantage in many ways as annual flower: Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. can use economizing type to cultivate mould in the Changjiang river areas to the south Formula, it is not necessary to heat;Pest and disease damage is relatively fewer, breeds, cultivates and manage relatively easy, is beneficial to promote;After client's purchase, family plants Plant and can bloom every year, to the more confidence of flowers fan, induction that can be strong and the interest of growing flower of cultivation consumer;Again because of Its plasticity is strong, has different product specifications, adapts to the different consumer groups, and small potted plant can enter into common people house, Large-scale fine work is potted plant step on equally refined taste compares favourably with high-end annual flower.The Hua Yushi of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum.: lucky strike, operating Universe, fine implied meaning more makes it enjoy in the joyous New Year's Day to make a pet of, become present good merchantable brand.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to meet the demand in Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower market, it is provided that at the cultivation of a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower Reason method.
The cultivation processing method of a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower, comprises the steps:
(1) JIUYUE 5 days~JIUYUE start Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is carried out long-day process on the 10th;
(2) electronic automatic control device is installed, utilizes the sodium vapor lamp in greenhouse to carry out light filling;Daytime temperature control in greenhouse during light filling System is below 30 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls, below 25 DEG C, not refertilize during light filling, and moisturizing is once weekly, irrigates;In the daytime temperature Room illumination controls at 10000-15000LUX, gradually packs up sunshade net after entering mid-September;
(3), in the environment of without measure cultivation of heating, stopped light filling before the Spring Festival when 90-100 days, stop light after 4 days to Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Potted flower carries out pinching of pruning, and extracts immature, sick or that deformity is thin and weak stipes, makes the whole full rounding of basin plant;
(4) recovering fertilising after pumping alabastrum, apply fertilizer every two weeks once, EC value controls between 1.0-1.5;Petal length is to yellow During bean size, carry out packaging and sell.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, described in step (1), Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is straight Footpath is 17cm, and putting density is 20 basins/m2
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, described electronic automatic control device is arranged 2h illumination is given for 18:00-20:00 every night;Every described sodium vapor lamp is 400W, average every 20m2Install 1, be arranged on away from Height from seedbed 2.2m.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, during light filling, greenhouse nocturnal temperature is 15 ℃。
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, after training pinching is arrived in training pinching for first 2 days All can not water in 4 days or water fertilizer, in case disease occurs in wound, watering again after wound is dry and comfortable.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower uses Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Plantation substrate is cultivated, and described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate is the turfy soil of 12:5:1, coconut palm bran and river by volume ratio Husky composition.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, the specification of described turfy soil is 10- 30mm, pH value is 5.6, and EC value is 0.2;Described coconut palm bran specification is that 5-10mm, EC value is less than 0.8.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, wherein, described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate is adopted Prepare by following preparation method:
(A) being unpacked by turfy soil, compression blocks is smashed;
(B) keeping flat in bucket by coconut palm block, injecting the volume of water in bucket is put into that coconut palm block is long-pending more than 6 times, makes coconut palm Block swims on the water surface, overturns the positive and negative of coconut palm block after 15 minutes, and after 30min, coconut palm block has thorough grasp water substantially, pulls out subsequently, smashes, Form coconut palm bran in bulk;
(C) using fixing receptacle map by unified to turfy soil, coconut palm bran and river sand, 12:5:1 mixing, obtains product by volume, Cuttage and upper basin for Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum..
The cultivation processing method difference from prior art of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention is:
The Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. sold on market is broadly divided into three batches, and one is the listing of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. nature florescence, is concentrated mainly on 11- December, the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. quantity now listed is more, and price is relatively low, and quality is uneven, with in the little potted plant and 12cm of 9cm Etc. potted plant be main.A kind of is the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. of high mountain short-day sunshine treatment, lists before and after National Day in October, and price is of a relatively high, mostly is 12cm is medium potted plant.Also having a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. is exactly to process late blooming listing in the Spring Festival, mainly with 15-17cm's through the long-day Large-scale potted plant be main, other 9cm and 12cm specifications are auxiliary, quality better, and price is of a relatively high.
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. all can take economizing type cultivation mode in the greenhouse production of the Changjiang river areas to the south, though listing in the Spring Festival, winter Also without heat treatment, compared with the products such as iris, hybrid cymbidium, the red palm, Fructus Ananadis comosi, the requirement to cultivation condition is the simplest Single, production cost is relatively low.Additionally the listing in the Spring Festival of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower can alleviate the listing of nature florescence, because of market product quantity The more sale caused and price pressure, it is thus achieved that higher economic benefit.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower neat and consistent, plant strain growth is strong, Stipes is plump, and blade glossiness is good, and commercial quality is high.Before the Spring Festival, 15-20d can be with shipment, and now petal Semen Glycines size enters and sees The reward phase, just entering best-looking states to petal in the Spring Festival, 1-2 the flowers are in blossom begins to burst forth, and indoor placement during the Spring Festival is most preferably seen The reward phase is up to 6-8 week.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the cultivation processing method of the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower of the present invention is described further.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
The cultivation processing method of a kind of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower, comprises the steps:
(1) JIUYUE 5 days~JIUYUE start Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is carried out long-day process on the 10th;Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is a diameter of 17cm, putting density is 20 basins/m2.Ensure every basin Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. all in light range of exposures, and the most adjacent two lamps are at Ungula Eriocheir sinensis Projection on blue potted flower is overlapped.
(2) electronic automatic control device is installed, utilizes the sodium vapor lamp in greenhouse to carry out light filling;Daytime temperature control in greenhouse during light filling System is below 30 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls, below 25 DEG C, not refertilize during light filling, and moisturizing is once weekly, irrigates;In the daytime temperature Room illumination controls at 10000-15000LUX, gradually packs up sunshade net after entering mid-September;Electronic automatic control device is set to Every night, 18:00-20:00 gave 2h illumination;Every sodium vapor lamp is 400W, average every 20m2Install 1, be arranged on distance Seedling The height of bed 2.2m.During light filling, greenhouse nocturnal temperature is 15 DEG C.Day and night temperature is conducive to greatly Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. flower bud, therefore temperature at night Degree can not be too high, and night, temperature was optimal with 15 DEG C, may not exceed 25 DEG C.Daytime temperature may not exceed 30 DEG C, is just otherwise affecting Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. It is frequently grown, enters resting state.The temperature in greenhouse can be reduced by fan, wet curtain, exhaust blower, strengthen air circulation.
(3), in the environment of without measure cultivation of heating, stopped light filling before the Spring Festival when 90-100 days, stop light after 4 days to Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Potted flower carries out pinching of pruning, and extracts immature, sick or that deformity is thin and weak stipes, makes the whole full rounding of basin plant;Training All can not water in first 2 days of pinching to after training pinching 4 days or water fertilizer, in case disease occurs in wound, entering again after wound is dry and comfortable Row waters.
(4) recovering fertilising after pumping alabastrum, apply fertilizer every two weeks once, EC value controls between 1.0-1.5;From stipes top Start recovery when can be seen that alabastrum and water fertilizer, until petal Semen Glycines size can be to stop fertilising during shipment.Petal length is big to Semen Glycines Hour, carry out packaging and sell.Coming into viewing period when petal length is to Semen Glycines size, the distance Spring Festival, about 15-20d, was shipment Best period.Noting controlling ambient temperature, 5-15 DEG C optimal.When temperature is too high, putting in a skylight, it is too fast to prevent that the flowers are in blossom;Temperature is too low Time, open inside thermal screen, cover non-woven fabrics, prevent freeze injury, cause bud drop.
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower uses Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate to cultivate, and Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate by volume ratio is The turfy soil of 12:5:1, coconut palm bran and river sand are constituted.The specification of turfy soil is 10-30mm, and pH value is 5.6, and EC value is 0.2;Coconut palm bran Specification is that 5-10mm, EC value is less than 0.8.
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate uses following preparation method to prepare:
(A) being unpacked by turfy soil, compression blocks is smashed;
(B) keeping flat in bucket by coconut palm block, injecting the volume of water in bucket is put into that coconut palm block is long-pending more than 6 times, makes coconut palm Block swims on the water surface, overturns the positive and negative of coconut palm block after 15 minutes, and after 30min, coconut palm block has thorough grasp water substantially, pulls out subsequently, smashes, Form coconut palm bran in bulk;
(C) using fixing receptacle map by unified to turfy soil, coconut palm bran and river sand, 12:5:1 mixing, obtains product by volume, Cuttage and upper basin for Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum..
Concrete contrast experiment:
3 kind totally 2400 basins of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum., carry out long-day process.These each 30 basins of 3 kinds of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. of same specification, Do not carry out long-day process as comparison.All potted plant 2490 basins before processing, cultivation management is completely the same, and check variety is not carried out Light filling processes, and does not plucks children's tender stem joint, continues water and fertilizer management, and fertilizer EC value controls in EC value 1.5, stops during petal Semen Glycines size Fertilising.
The Ungula Eriocheir sinensis of different disposal bloom situation contrast
Use the beneficial effect of substrate of the present invention: in a Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower growth cycle, i.e. from May basin to January Selling, potted flower growth is vigorous, and product regularity is high, manages relatively easy, and rich water frequency substantially reduces, and especially summer waters Number of times significantly reduces, and greatly reduces labor cost, improves product quality, decreases because of the uneven low summary of product quality of watering Or the loss that death causes.It is substantially better than traditional cultivation substrate (peat and perlite mix).
Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. stipes cuttage survival rate 98%, grows vigorous, easily manages, and the frequency that waters is low.In survival rate, seedling life From the point of view of growing way and the daily several angles managing and protecting summary, hence it is evident that be better than tradition cutting medium (peat and perlite mixing and Become).
The Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. cultivation dedicated substrate of the inventive method preparation, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability is strong, makes the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. frequency that waters bright Aobvious reduction, and once substrate overdrying, after carrying out moisturizing, in basin, substrate can absorb rapidly moisture, will not be as traditional cultivation substrate Not absorbing water after (peat and perlite mix) overdrying, the situation needing immersion to can be only achieved moisturizing effect for 15-20 minute goes out Existing.Use Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. dedicated substrate can improve cultivation efficiency, save labour cost, improve product quality and concordance, reduce because of The production loss that rich water inequality causes.
In order to more clearly illustrate the beneficial effect of the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate of the present invention, give following groups pair Than test:
Test one:
Early April uses two different cultivars 07-18 and CECILIE to carry out Cutting test, uses 7 kinds of different substrates, its Middle employing import turfy soil, coconut palm bran and 6 kinds of i.e. turfy soils of different ratio of river sand: coconut palm bran: river sand be respectively No. 1 (12:5:1), No. 2 (9:7:2), No. 3 (6:11:1), No. 4 (6:6:6), No. 5 (18:0:0), No. 6 (0:18:0), another traditional domestic peat: Perlite is 3:1, every kind of proportioning cuttage 200, unified carries out rich water quality management.Observe the statistics situation of taking root after 15 days and be shown in Table 1;30 Survival rate and growing state and group's root situation is added up after it, will be respectively by becoming 5 grades to difference well, give a mark and describe Refer to table 2;Explore the situation under different substrates proportioning, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. inserted sheet taken root and grow, to determine optimum proportioning value.
Table 1 cuttage take root after 15 days situation statistics
Root formational situation statistics is rolled into a ball in table 2 cuttage after 30 days
In table 1, each process of each kind takes 3 inserted sheets at random, adds up root of hair quantity and the root length degree of each inserted sheet, asks Meansigma methods;As seen from Table 1: the cuttage of two different cultivars is taken root for counting in No. 1 substrate and is closer to root length, and difference is little, And it is longer to take root.Remaining several substrate quantity of taking root is more, and root system is the shortest.Only have CECILIE take root in No. 3 substrate many and Longer.The long hair growth promoting side root that is prone to of taking root forms group's root architecture.
As seen from Table 2: in No. 1 substrate, two kind structure of root groups are formed best, and fibrous root is more, substrate water-retaining property Good, can successfully take out from hole tray after 30 days.Find that import turfy soil easily lumps, even if root of hair is bad also from experimental observation Can clump together, but sponginess is poor;Coconut palm bran good water-retaining property, but granule relatively carefully easily scatters, outstanding in the case of being the most relatively dried It is obvious;River sand is easiest to loose.No. 2 and No. 4 husky content higher, the loosest root that is difficult to clump together takes out.Big portion in No. 3 Dividing is coconut palm bran and river sand, can not all take out fugitive, and No. 6, because of full coconut palm bran, grow preferably, though CECILIE can take out with whole group, but Be take out after fugitive.No. 5 substrate show between two kinds and differ greatly, because entirely import turfy soil, root of hair is many, loose Property poor, blade canescence desiccation, be mostly taproot, fibrous root is few, because of substrate easily conglomeration itself, can take out.No. 7 original bases Matter performance is worst.
But cannot all take out or can the most but go out fugitive, being all unfavorable for going up basin and transport in the future, poor water retention property increases Adding management difficulty and cost of labor, therefore in No. 1 substrate, two kinds are taken root, to roll into a ball root architecture, root of hair amount and growing state comprehensive Behaving oneself best, therefore No. 1 substrate composition is seedling cuttage optimum proportioning.
Test two:
Two different cultivars Ao Erjia and Ida is used to carry out basin experiment in cultivation on Plug seedling, Plug seedling Autumn Cutting, early The group's of having been formed root, grows two-layer stipes.4 kind sheets in every cave are planted in the flowerpot of 9cm, uses 7 kinds of different substrates, wherein Use import turfy soil, coconut palm bran and 6 kinds of i.e. turfy soils of different ratio of river sand: coconut palm bran: river sand be respectively No. 1 (12:5:1), No. 2 (9:7:2), No. 3 (6:11:1), No. 4 (6:6:6), No. 5 (18:0:0), No. 6 (0:18:0), another No. 7 domestic mud of tradition Carbon: perlite is 3:1, every kind of proportioning of each kind is cultivated 24 basins, is explored potted plant life little to Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. under different substrates proportioning Root and the situation of growth.To determine optimum substrate proportioning value.
Carrying out observing growing state after 30 days to carry out record and include growth potential, blade glossiness, root system situation, statistics is concrete Growing state is shown in Table 3;Plant height, hat width, branch amount, stipes number take 3 the most at random.Growth potential, root system situation, blade glossiness Be divided into 5 grades to give a mark, 5 points strong/good, 4 points relatively strong/preferably, 3 points medium, 2 points more weak/poor, 1 weak/poor.To enter The contrast that row is mutual.
The growing state statistics of 32, table different Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. kind difference cultivation matrix
Finding by investigating basin kind seedling rooting in 7 kinds of substrate and growing state, No. 2 (9:7:2), No. 4 (6:6:6) are because containing Husky amount is big, and growth potential and root system situation are the most relatively poor, and the group's of generation root is later, and is difficult to gather bottom substrates, after pull-up only The top layer substrate of upper strata 1/3 thickness can be taken up, the excessively loose de-basin difficulty of substrate.
No. 6 (0:18:0), water-retaining property are preferable, but can agglomerating the most easily be scattered in the case of humidity, outstanding under drying regime It is obvious, is unfavorable for transport and changes basin.Additionally have a humid climate rainy in the case of, water-retaining property is very good easily causes rotten.
No. 5 (18:0:0) easily lump, and substrate permeability is poor, and blade glossiness is the best.
The maximum problem of No. 7 traditional domestic peat and perlite 3:1 proportioning is exactly once to water uneven to cause undue mistake Water, moisturizing difficulty, need to soak at least 5 minutes, can not get supply for a long time and easily cause wilting death.
To watering, requirement is higher, manages relative difficulty.
No. 1 substrate has reached a relative equilibrium at aspects such as water holding capacity, loosing soil degree and permeabilitys, although single On the one hand it is not necessarily best, but the demand of the comprehensive each production link of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. is but optimum selection.No. 3 substrate are taken second place.
Basin taking root with growing state it is also seen that No. 1 substrate is tried at the upper basin of 2 different cultivars after 30 days from table 3 Testing middle performance preferable, and the most stable, there is the situation that single aspect is the most prominent or single aspect is poor in remaining several substrate Occurring, being primarily due to import turfy soil, coconut palm bran, silt are respectively arranged with pluses and minuses, different proportionings directly affects the physics and chemistry that substrate is overall Character, certain composition single is too much or very few substrate all can be made extreme problem occur.
Import turfy soil and coconut palm bran are the main application raw materials in current domestic a lot of flowers and potted landscape cultivation matrix, but Different plants are the most different to the requirement of substrate, therefore determine the import peat composed of rotten mosses at Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. seeling industry and potted flower culture kind Soil, coconut palm bran, silt three optimum proportioning particularly important.We determine one through contrast test and long-term production practices The compound method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Efficient Cultivation dedicated substrate i.e. import turfy soil, coconut palm bran, silt proportioning are 12:5:1.In order to improve state Interior Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. produces the moisturizing difficulty that in cultivation, traditional matrices (domestic peat and perlite) exists, big the asking of rich water quality management difficulty Topic.
Test three:
Take root Seedling with the Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. of a collection of late March cuttage, the first tenday period of a month in May upper basin, with turfy soil, coconut palm bran and river sand by volume Than the substrate of 12:5:1 mixing as basin on cultivation matrix 1000 basin, with traditional matrices peat and perlite 3:1 as cultivation base Basin 1000 basin in matter.The potted flower growing state observing two kinds of different cultivation matrixes the 6-12 month is shown in Table 4.
Little potted plant with a collection of 9cm Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum., 3 little potted plant is planted in the basin of 1 gallon by the form group basin of triangle, with The Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Efficient Cultivation dedicated substrate of this invention and tradition peat mixing, as cultivation matrix, organize basin 2500 basin.
Basin seedling early growth situation contrast in the new substrate of table 4 and traditional matrices
As can be seen from Table 4, at survival rate, rooting rate, stipes growth potential, from the point of view of several aspects such as stipes glossiness, Clear superiority is there is in new substrate compared with traditional matrices.
The table 5 Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Efficient Cultivation dedicated substrate long situation of commodity potted flower
By Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. Efficient Cultivation dedicated substrate commodity potted flower large-scale production demonstration test in table 5 it can be seen that new base The potted flower yield rate of matter cultivation is higher, and stipes is plump, straight and upright, glossiness is good, growth is consistent, and growth potential is strong, due to its water-retaining property Good, manage simple to operation, greatly reduce cost of labor.New substrate list Pengcheng basis and traditional matrices cost from price Almost maintaining an equal level, therefore this Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. i.e. import turfy soil of Efficient Cultivation dedicated substrate compound method, coconut palm bran and river sand are by volume 12:5:1;It is worth in the middle of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. commodity sapling multiplication and potted flower produce being widely popularized.
Embodiment described above is only to be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the not model to the present invention Enclose and be defined, on the premise of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, the those of ordinary skill in the art technical side to the present invention Various deformation that case is made and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (8)

1. the cultivation processing method of a Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower, it is characterised in that: comprise the steps:
(1) JIUYUE 5 days~JIUYUE start Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower is carried out long-day process on the 10th;
(2) electronic automatic control device is installed, utilizes the sodium vapor lamp in greenhouse to carry out light filling;During light filling, greenhouse daytime temperature controls Less than 30 DEG C, nocturnal temperature controls, below 25 DEG C, not refertilize during light filling, and moisturizing is once weekly, irrigates;In the daytime greenhouse light According to controlling at 10000-15000LUX, after entering mid-September, gradually pack up sunshade net;
(3), in the environment of without measure cultivation of heating, stopped light filling before the Spring Festival when 90-100 days, stop light after 4 days to Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower Carry out pinching of pruning, extract immature, sick or that deformity is thin and weak stipes, make the whole full rounding of basin plant;
(4) recovering fertilising after pumping alabastrum, apply fertilizer every two weeks once, EC value controls between 1.0-1.5;Petal length is big to Semen Glycines Hour, carry out packaging and sell.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described in step (1) The a diameter of 17cm of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower, putting density is 20 basins/m2
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described electronics is controlled automatically Device processed is set to 18:00-20:00 every night and gives 2h illumination;Every described sodium vapor lamp is 400W, average every 20m2Install 1 Small cup, is arranged on the height of distance seedbed 2.2m.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: greenhouse night during light filling Between temperature be 15 DEG C.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: first 2 days of training pinching All can not water in 4 days after training pinching or water fertilizer, in case disease occurs in wound, watering again after wound is dry and comfortable.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. potted flower Using Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate to cultivate, described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. plantation substrate is the peat composed of rotten mosses of 12:5:1 by volume ratio Soil, coconut palm bran and river sand are constituted.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the rule of described turfy soil Lattice are 10-30mm, and pH value is 5.6, and EC value is 0.2;Described coconut palm bran specification is that 5-10mm, EC value is less than 0.8.
The cultivation processing method of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. annual flower the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. is special Cultivation matrix uses following preparation method to prepare:
(A) being unpacked by turfy soil, compression blocks is smashed;
(B) keeping flat in bucket by coconut palm block, injecting the volume of water in bucket is put into that coconut palm block is long-pending more than 6 times, makes coconut palm block float Floating on the surface, overturn the positive and negative of coconut palm block after 15 minutes, after 30min, coconut palm block has thorough grasp water substantially, pulls out subsequently, smashes, and is formed Coconut palm bran in bulk;
(C) by unified to turfy soil, coconut palm bran and river sand with fixing receptacle map, 12:5:1 mixing, obtains product, is used for by volume The cuttage of Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. and upper basin.
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